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Jænbert (Lambert)J. EdgeJ. WildJack WannereJacob von LiebensteinJacobusJacobus de Voragine (Giacomo de Vararazze)Jacobus LatomusJacobus LatomusJacobus Philippus Bergomensis (Jacob Philip of Bergamo)Jacopo SadoletoJamesJames AbbesJames AlexanderJames Algar (Ayger)James AshleyJames AslabyJames AustooJames BainhamJames BanasterJames BarberJames BarusseJames BassetJames BassetJames BaynamJames BeatonJames BlytheJames BockingJames BradshawJames BrookesJames BrooksJames Calfhill [or Calfield]James ChapmanJames ClyneJames Cocke (Coppen de Hane)James DyerJames FoxeJames GageJames GordonJames GoreJames GorgeJames GossonJames HaddonJames HalesJames HallJames HamiltonJames HarrisJames HayJames HearstJames HinseJames HunterJames LeverJames LingJames MoriceJames MoriceJames MoriceJames MourtonJames OguleJames PilkingtonJames PilkingtonJames Raveleson (Ranoldstone)James Ronaldson (Finlason, Founleson)James RosoganJames SmithJames SymsonJames TrevisamJames TubervilleJames TurbervilleJames TuttyJames V of ScotlandJane BarkerJane Boleyn (nèe Parker)Jane GreyJane MorantJane SeymourJanuariusJaques AmyJarumanJaspar WetzelJean CalvinJean Charlier de GersonJean le MarchantJean Quintin HaeduusJean VeronJeffrey BestwoodJeffrey HurstJehan de Montmorency, Monsieur de Courrieres.Jehan ScheyfveJenkinsJenkins Ph.JephcotJeremieJerome (Eusebius Hieronomous) (St Jerome)Jerome AkonJerome CardanJerome of PragueJoão III (the Pious)João Manuel of PortugalJoachim of FioreJoan (Agnes) SmithJoan BeachJoan BennoreJoan Bocher (Joan of Kent)Joan BradbridgeJoan Butcher Joan ButcherJoan CatmerJoan ColynJoan CookeJoan DangerfieldJoan Denny (nèe Champernon)Joan DibneyJoan DoddeJoan FishJoan FoukeJoan GoldJoan HarwoodJoan IngforbyJoan LincheJoan LoveJoan LowesJoan ManningsJoan of SpainJoan OlbertJoan PotterJoan SaundersJoan SmithJoan SmythJoan SoleJoan TrunchfieldJoan WardJoan WarrenJoan WasteJoan WilkinsonJoan Wilkinson (née North)Joan WinseleyJoan [or 'Mother'] SeamanJoannes ScholasticusJoannes Scotus EriugenaJohann Bugenhagen (Pomeranus)Johann CochlaeusJohann Eck (Eckius)Johann Froben (Frobenius)Johann Oecolampadius (Johann Huszgen)Johannes Æpinus (Hoeck)Johannes and CrispusJohannes Aventinus (Johann Georg Turmair)Johannes de RomaJohannes ManliusJohannes NauclerusJohannes Reuchlin (Reuelinus)JohnJohnJohnJohnJohn AdaleJohn Adams (Hadlam)John AddisonJohn AdyJohn AlcockJohn AlenJohn AleworthJohn AleynJohn AllesJohn Andrew (Jean André)John AnnandJohn ap HowellJohn ApowelJohn ArcherJohn ArdeleyJohn ArdleyJohn ArthurJohn AshdonJohn AtheeJohn AtkinsJohn AustenJohn AvalesJohn AvinesJohn AylmerJohn BabingtonJohn BadbyJohn BakerJohn BakerJohn BakerJohn BaleJohn BaleJohn BamptonJohn BanksJohn BannesJohn BarberJohn BarkerJohn BarnehouseJohn BarnesJohn BarretJohn BarretJohn BarrowJohn BarryJohn BarwickJohn BarwickJohn BateJohn BateJohn BaylyJohn BeanJohn BellJohn BellJohn BenglosseJohn BenguyJohn BennetJohn BentJohn BernardJohn BestJohn BeveridgeJohn BirdJohn BirdJohn BlaggJohn BlandJohn BlomfieldJohn BlumstonJohn BoltonJohn BooteJohn BoothJohn Borsley, the youngerJohn BoswellJohn Boswell [or Buswell]John BoultesJohn BourchierJohn BoxallJohn BradfordJohn BradleyJohn BradshawJohn BrayJohn BriceJohn Bridges John BrowneJohn BrowneJohn BrusyerdJohn BuckherstJohn BullinghamJohn BurtonJohn BusheJohn ButlerJohn ByrchJohn CadmanJohn CalvinJohn CapgraveJohn CaponJohn Capon (Salcot)John CardmakerJohn Cardmaker (Taylor)John CarelessJohn CarltonJohn CarterJohn CaryllJohn CaterJohn CavelJohn CawoodJohn CawoodJohn CelosJohn ChambreJohn ChapmanJohn ChapmanJohn CharterisJohn ChelthamJohn ChethamJohn ChooteJohn ChristophersonJohn ChristophersonJohn ChrysostomJohn Churchman [or Church]John ClaymondJohn ClementJohn ClerkJohn ClerkJohn ClerkJohn ClerkeJohn ClerkeJohn ClerkeJohn ClyffeJohn CockesJohn CockesJohn CokeJohn ColetJohn ColstockJohn ConyersJohn CookeJohn CookeJohn CookeJohn CookeJohn CooperJohn CooperJohn CorbetJohn CornefordJohn CornetJohn CottisfordJohn CovertJohn Coygnes (Lyveland)John CranefordJohn CrayfordJohn CromptonJohn CrosdallJohn CrouchJohn CurteysJohn DaleJohn DaleJohn DaleJohn DaneJohn DavidJohn DavieJohn DavisJohn DayJohn de la CasaJohn de la MarchJohn de VereJohn DeeJohn DeersleyJohn DenleyJohn DennyJohn DerifallJohn DeringJohn DevenishJohn DictierJohn Diet (Dyatt)John DillidaffeJohn DixeJohn DonconJohn DouglasJohn DoveJohn DoveJohn DraperJohn DraperJohn DraynerJohn DudleyJohn DudleyJohn DudleyJohn DudleyJohn DudmanJohn DuffetJohn DuffildJohn Duns ScotusJohn EatonJohn Eckius (i.e. Johann Eck)John EdmundsJohn EdmundsJohn EdwardsJohn ErskineJohn EvansJohn EwringJohn FailesJohn Fairstead (alias Henry Fersted)John FalkesJohn FarthingJohn FaucetJohn FauconerJohn FeckenhamJohn FettyJohn FieldJohn FinnJohn FishcockJohn FisherJohn FisherJohn FitzjamesJohn FloydJohn FordJohn FordJohn ForemanJohn ForestJohn FortuneJohn FosterJohn FoxeJohn FoxeJohn FrankeJohn FrankeshJohn FranklingJohn Frederick I (the Magnanimous)John FrenchJohn FrithJohn FrithJohn FrontonJohn Fryer (Freer)John FullerJohn FullerJohn GalantJohn GardinerJohn GlasierJohn GloverJohn GochJohn GoffeJohn GooseJohn GorewayJohn GosnoldJohn GoughJohn GrayJohn Grebill, juniorJohn Grebill, seniorJohn GreeneJohn GreenwichJohn GreneJohn GreyJohn GriersonJohn GriffithJohn GroveJohn GwynJohn GybbesJohn GyeJohn GyrlyngJohn Hacker (Ebbe, Richardson)John HaleJohn HallingdaleJohn Haman [alias Barker]John HamiltonJohn HamondJohn HansonJohn HardieJohn HardimanJohn HarleyJohn HarlstoneJohn HarpoleJohn HarpsfieldJohn HarpsfieldJohn HartJohn HaseJohn HawkesJohn HawkinsJohn HaymondJohn Hemmysley (Nicholas Bellenian / Otterden)John HempsteadJohn HenrisonJohn HepburnJohn HerstJohn HewesJohn HeywoodJohn HillJohn HilsJohn HilseyJohn Hodgkin (Huggen)John HolidayJohn HollonJohn HolymanJohn HookeJohn Hooker (Vowel)John HooperJohn HooperJohn HooperJohn HopkinsJohn HoptonJohn HoptonJohn HorneJohn HoughtonJohn Hubert (Hubbard)John HughesJohn HullJohn HullierJohn HumeJohn HumphreyJohn HuntJohn HuntJohn HuntingdonJohn HuntingdonJohn HurstJohn HurtJohn HusJohn HusseyJohn HygdonJohn IIJohn III/V (John the Almoner)John IncentJohn IslipJohn IV Nesteutes (Jejunator)John IveJohn IXJohn JacksonJohn JacobJohn JamesJohn JeffreyJohn JewelJohn JohnsonJohn JohnsonJohn JonesJohn JosephJohn KedeJohn KelkeJohn Kelowe (Kyllour)John KempJohn KempJohn KennallJohn KeretchJohn KerrJohn KingstonJohn Kirby (Kerby)John KirryJohn KnoxJohn KurdeJohn LambertJohn Lambert (formerly Nicholson)John LangportJohn LarkeJohn Lassells (Lascelles)John LauderJohn LaunceJohn LaunderJohn LaurenceJohn le FevreJohn LeachJohn LeafJohn LedleyJohn LeicesterJohn LelandJohn LindsayJohn LionJohn LithalJohn LomasJohn LondonJohn LonglandJohn LonglandJohn Lord BorthwickJohn LuckesJohn MacAlpineJohn MaceJohn MachamJohn MadewJohn MadewJohn Mailer (Mayler)John Major (Mair)John Mallory (Malary)John ManatiellJohn MarbeckJohn MargetsonJohn MarshallJohn MartiallJohn MassieJohn MatthewJohn MaulingJohn MaundrelJohn MedwellJohn MelJohn MelvinJohn MilesJohn MillenJohn MillesJohn MillesJohn MordauntJohn MoremanJohn MoremanJohn MorganJohn MorinJohn MorrenJohn MortonJohn MosseJohn MothamJohn MoyerJohn NaylorJohn NewmanJohn NorgateJohn NoriceJohn NorrisJohn NortonJohn NottinghamJohn NowellJohn NoyesJohn of Beverley (St John of Beverley)John of CunnockJohn of GauntJohn of LancasterJohn of PortusJohn OldcastleJohn OliverJohn OliverJohn or Thomas BabingtonJohn OswaldJohn OwellJohn PainterJohn PainterJohn PalmerJohn ParkerJohn ParkhurstJohn PatersonJohn PayneJohn Pecham (Peckham)John PeckhamJohn PembertonJohn PerimanJohn PeterJohn Philips (Philp)John PhilpotJohn PhilpotJohn PindarJohn PitlyJohn PlankneyJohn PoleJohn PollineJohn PonetJohn PorterJohn PrynneJohn PrynneJohn Pullen [or Pullain]John PykasJohn RamseyJohn RamseyJohn RastellJohn RaulinsJohn RawJohn RayburneJohn Raymund (Hans an Ruremond)John ReadJohn RedmanJohn RedmanJohn RedmanJohn RichardJohn RichardsonJohn RicheJohn RichmondJohn RidleyJohn RidlyJohn RobertsJohn RobertsJohn RobinsonJohn RobinsonJohn RobinsonJohn RockwoodJohn RogersJohn RogersJohn RokewoodJohn RooJohn RosoganJohn RoteJohn RoughJohn RoulJohn RouseJohn RouthJohn RowJohn RoystonJohn RuddJohn RuddJohn Rudd (Rode)John RussellJohn RussellJohn SalisburyJohn SaxbyJohn ScoryJohn ScotJohn ScuteJohn SealJohn SegarJohn SemarkeJohn SempeJohn SetonJohn SewardJohn ShepardJohn SherburneJohn ShilerJohn ShoemakerJohn SimondsJohn SimsonJohn SinclairJohn SkipJohn SkipJohn SladeJohn SmallJohn SmithJohn SmithJohn SmithJohn SmithJohn SneudnamJohn SolemanJohn SpencerJohn SpensJohn SpicerJohn St JohnJohn StacyJohn StamfordJohn StandishJohn StandishJohn SterkyJohn StevensonJohn StewardJohn SteyreJohn StokesJohn StokesleyJohn StokesleyJohn StoneJohn StoneJohn StoryJohn StreateJohn SturgeonJohn SuttonJohn TailorJohn TailorJohn TavernerJohn TaylorJohn TaylorJohn TaylorJohn TaylorJohn TewkesburyJohn the SteadfastJohn ThixtillJohn ThompsonJohn Thompson (Tonson)John ThorlyneJohn ThorpeJohn Threlkelde or Threllkell John ThurstonJohn ThurstonJohn TisenJohn TompsonJohn TooleyJohn ToyJohn TrapneJohn TravesJohn TrayfordJohn TrewJohn TudsonJohn TulidaffeJohn TurkeJohn TwyfordJohn TybalJohn TyndaleJohn TyrelJohn TysonJohn UnderwoodJohn VenetusJohn VeyseyJohn Veysey (formerly Harman)John WadeJohn WakelyngJohn WallerJohn WalshJohn WarnerJohn WarrenJohn WarrenJohn WaterhouseJohn WatsonJohn WaylandJohn WebbeJohn WeddellJohn WentJohn WhiteJohn WhitemanJohn WhitwoodJohn WhoodlesJohn WiggenJohn Williams of ThameJohn Williams of ThameJohn WilliamsonJohn WillockJohn WilshireJohn Wily juniorJohn Wily seniorJohn WinchcombJohn Winram (Wynram)John WisemanJohn WisemanJohn WolcokeJohn Word the youngerJohn WrightJohn Wyclif (Wycliffe)John WymmesleyJohn WymmesleyJohn XJohn XII (Octavian)John XIIIJohn XiphilinusJohn XIV ( Peter Campanora)John XV (XIV)John XVII (XVIII) (John Sicco)John YoungJohn YoungJohn YoungJohn ZonarasJohnsonJohnsonJoshua HallingdaleJovinusJoyce BamptonJoyce HalesJoyce HalesJoyce LewesJuan de VergaraJuan de villa GarciaJudes and DomuasJudith CarelessJulia MamaeaJulian HillesJulian LivingJulian the ApostateJuliana (St Juliana)Juliana, Cosmas, Damianus and BasilinusJulianusJulianusJulins PalmerJulittaJuliusJulius DudleyJulius I (St Julius)Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere)Julius III Julius MartialisJulius Pomponius Lætus (Giulio Pomponio Leto)Justin Martyr (St Justin Martyr)JustinaJustinian IJustinusJustinusJustus Justus (St Justus)Justus and PastorJustus JonasJuvenal of Jerusalem
Glossary of People in the 1583 Edition | J
Jænbert (Lambert)

(d. 792) [ODNB]

of Kentish origin; abbot of SS Peter and Paul's, Canterbury (762 - 65)

Archbishop of Canterbury (765 - 92); a rival archbishopric was sent up at Lichfield by King Offa

With the agreement of Pope Adrian, Offa set up an archbishopric at Lichfield. 1570, p. 173; 1576, p. 130; 1583, p. 129.

1583 Edition, page 152 | 1583 Edition, page 157
J. Edge

Edge accused and gave witness against John Waterhouse. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979
J. Wild

Of Lancashire.

Wild was sent greetings by John Bradford in a letter he sent to his mother and others. 1570, p. 1839,1576, p. 1574, 1583, p. 1656.

1583 Edition, page 1680
Jack Wannere

Jack Wannere was one of the Catholic martyrs written of by Nicholas Harpsfield. 1570, p. 1375; 1576, p. 1173; 1583, p. 1201.

1583 Edition, page 1225[Back to Top]
Jacob von Liebenstein

(d. 1508) [Gams]

Archbishop of Mainz (1504 - 08)

He had to pay 20,000 florens to gain his office from Rome. 1563, p. 15.

Jacobus

Persian Christian priest; suffered under Shapur II

Jacobus voluntarily accompanied his bishop when he was tortured and imprisoned and was subjected to the same treatment. 1570, p. 136; 1576, p. 99; 1583, p. 98.

1583 Edition, page 121
Jacobus de Voragine (Giacomo de Vararazze)

(c. 1230 - 1298) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Italian chronicler; Dominican provincial of Lombardy (1267 - 86)

Archbishop of Genoa (1292 - 98); wrote the Golden Legend (legendary lives of the saints)

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, pp. 98, 174; 1576, pp. 69, 131; 1583, pp. 69, 130.

1583 Edition, page 92 | 1583 Edition, page 153
Jacobus Latomus

(1475? - 1544)

Latomus was one of the leading catholic theologians and controversialists at the University of Louvain, where Foxe described him as 'a chief and principal captain'. Foxe found several occasions to report hostile comments about him, although his source for this information has not been located. These included a speech before the emperor Charles V in Brussels that was reportedly so poor that it caused him to be laughed at and scorned by most of the court (1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106). Foxe also noted that he became mad whilst delivering a public lecture in Louvain (1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106) and spent the remainder of his life bemoaning that he was damned.

Latomus was mentioned in a letter by Francis Driander. 1563, p. 803.

[Back to Top]
Jacobus Latomus

(1475? - 1544)

Latomus was one of the leading catholic theologians and controversialists at the University of Louvain, where Foxe described him as 'a chief and principal captain'. Foxe found several occasions to report hostile comments about him, although his source for this information has not been located. These included a speech before the emperor Charles V in Brussels that was reportedly so poor that it caused him to be laughed at and scorned by most of the court (1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106). Foxe also noted that he became mad whilst delivering a public lecture in Louvain (1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106) and spent the remainder of his life bemoaning that he was damned.

1583 Edition, page 2130
Jacobus Philippus Bergomensis (Jacob Philip of Bergamo)

(1434 - 1520)

Chronicler

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, pp. 62, 65, 85, 91, 97, 104, 128, 132; 1576, pp. 38, 40, 59, 63, 68, 73, 92, 96; 1583, pp. 38, 58 40, 59, 63, 68, 73, 92, 95.

1583 Edition, page 61 | 1583 Edition, page 63 | 1583 Edition, page 81 | 1583 Edition, page 82 | 1583 Edition, page 86 | 1583 Edition, page 91 | 1583 Edition, page 96 | 1583 Edition, page 115 | 1583 Edition, page 118[Back to Top]
Jacopo Sadoleto

(1477 - 1547) [Gams; Catholic Encyclopedia]

Italian cardinal; humanist; reformer; secretary to Leo X; bishop of Carpentras 1517; debated with Calvin; legate to Francis I

In a letter to Henry VIII, Philip Melancthon complained of Cardinals Contarini, Sadoleto and Pole working to cover up the corruption in Rome. 1570, p. 1341; 1576, p. 1145; 1583, p. 1173.

1583 Edition, page 1197
James

(fl. 633 - late C7) [ODNB sub Paulinus]

Paulinus's deacon at York; remained behind when Paulinus fled into Kent after the death of Eadwine of Northumbria; taught church music at York in Bede's time

After Paulinus left, James continued to preach and baptise in the north until peace was restored. 1570, p. 163; 1576, p. 122; 1583, p. 121.

Agilbert, James the deacon of Paulinus, Wilfrid and Alchfrith, son of King Oswiu, and his wife Cyneburh held to the Roman method of calculating the date of Easter. 1570, p. 165; 1576, p. 124; 1583, p. 123.

1583 Edition, page 144 | 1583 Edition, page 146
James Abbes

(d. 1555)

Of Stoke Nayland, Suffolk. Martyr.

James Abbes was itinerant because of his religious beliefs. He was caught and appeared before Dr Hopton. He recanted but when the bishop gave him 40 or 20 pence [Foxe is not sure] he withdrew his recantation. He was burned in Bury on 2 August 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1864-65, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1683.

Abbes took off his shirt to give as alms on his way to the stake. 1563, p. 1705, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

The sheriff railed against him but then said that Abbes was in fact saved but that he himself was damned. He went about the streets of Bury St Edmunds declaring this to be the case. 1563, p. 1705, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

Abbes was put in a dark house and then tied to a cart to be returned to his master. A priest came to him with a crucifix and troubled him further. He was burned a short time afterwards. 1563, p. 1705, 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

1583 Edition, page 1707 | 1583 Edition, page 1732 | 1583 Edition, page 2125
James Alexander

Son of the keeper of Newgate Prison.

James Alexander spent his father's estate in less than three years. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

He died suddenly in Newgate Market. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

1583 Edition, page 2125
James Algar (Ayger)

of Lincoln diocese; argued with Dr Aglonby in 1530 [Fines]

James Algar was charged with challenging Dr Aglonby's orthodox doctrine, examined by John Prynne, and abjured. 1570, p. 1120; 1576, p. 959; 1583, pp. 985-86.

1583 Edition, page 1009
James Ashley

(d. 1557)

Bachelor. Of unknown occupation. Martyr. Of Bury St Edmunds.

James Ashley was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Articles were brought against him and answers made. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

He was burned at Bury St Edmunds, early August 1557. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

1583 Edition, page 2071
James Aslaby

Gentleman of North Yorkshire

William Ombler, leader of the Yorkshire rebels, was spotted and captured by John Word the younger, James Aslaby, Rafe Twinge and Thomas Constable, who took him to York to be tried. 1570, p. 1501; 1576, p. 1272; 1583, p. 1309.

1583 Edition, page 1333[Back to Top]
James Austoo

(d. 1557)

Of unknown occupation. Of London.

James Austoo appeared before Bonner 16 July 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, pp. 2208, 2214, 1576, pp. 1905, 1910, 1583, pp. 2013, 2019.

He was condemned 10 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2214, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2019.

Austoo was burned at Islington on 17 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2013, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2018.

[Husband of Margery Austoo.]

1583 Edition, page 2037 | 1583 Edition, page 2042 | 1583 Edition, page 2054
James Bainham

(d. 1532) [ODNB]

Lawyer; married to Simon Fish's widow; brought before Sir Thomas More, accused of heresy; imprisoned, tortured, abjured; arrested after relapse, burnt at Smithfield

Simon Fish died of plague; his widow later married James Bainham. 1570, p. 1153; 1576, p. 987; 1583, p. 1014.

James Bainham was arrested and imprisoned in Sir Thomas More's house in Chelsea and whipped, then racked in the Tower. He was examined before John Stokesley. 1563, pp. 496-98; 1570, pp. 1168-70; 1576, pp. 999-1001; 1583, pp. 1027-29.

Bainham held to his beliefs, but after several examinations he abjured and was given a penance to carry a faggot and stand before the preacher at Paul's Cross. He soon publicly repented his abjuration and was sent to the Tower again. 1570, p. 1170; 1576, p. 1001; 1583, p. 1029.

Lawrence Staple was charged for, among other things, saying that he wanted to drink and pray with Bainham at his burning. 1570, p. 1187; 1576, p. 1015; 1583, p. 1043.

Bainham was condemned, delivered to the sheriff and burnt at Smithfield. 1570, p. 1171; 1576, p. 1002; 1583, p. 1030.

1583 Edition, page 1038 | 1583 Edition, page 1051 | 1583 Edition, page 1067 | 1583 Edition, page 1282
James Banaster

of St Magnus's parish; charged with 10 others in 1541 for supporting preachers of the new learning [Fines]

James Banaster was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
James Barber

Dwelling four miles from Calais

James Barber was one of those accused of heresy to the privy council by councillors of Calais. Broke, Hare, Cocke and Barber were sent with their accusers to England to be examined by Cranmer, Gardiner, Sampson and other bishops. 1563, p. 661; 1570, p. 1401; 1576, p. 1195; 1583, p. 1224.

Barber with the others was for the time dismissed. 1570, p. 1403; 1576, p. 1196; 1583, p. 1226.

William Smith was sentenced to preach a sermon of recantation in the market place in Calais, while Ralph Hare, James Cocke and James Barber were to abjure and stand bearing faggots. 1570, p. 1403; 1576, p. 1197; 1583, p. 1226.

1583 Edition, page 1248
James Barusse

Gentleman. Of Nottingham.

James Barusse was a witness to the discovery of infants' bones at Lenton Abbey in the eighth year of Elizabeth's reign. 1570, pp. 2131-32, 1576, p. 1853, 1583, p. 1947.

1583 Edition, page 1971[Back to Top]
James Basset

(1526? - 1558)

James Basset is described by Foxe as a darling of Stephen Gardiner. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2094.

Basset wanted to meet with Sir Henry Bedingfield. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2094.

Basset was a conspirator in plots to murder Elizabeth. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2094.

[Son of Honor, Lady Lisle. Married Mary, daughter of William Roper (c. June 1556). Member of Gardiner's household and King Philip's privy chamber (Bindoff).]

1583 Edition, page 1526 | 1583 Edition, page 2119
James Basset

(c. 1526 - 1558) [Bindoff]

Gentleman of the household of Stephen Gardiner (1538 - 55); gentleman of the privy chamber (1553 - 58); gentleman of King Philip's privy chamber (1554 - 58)

[Son of Honor, Lady Lisle. Married Mary, daughter of William Roper (c. June 1556). Member of Gardiner's household and King Philip's privy chamber]

James Basset was a deponent in the case of Gardiner. 1563, pp. 850-52, 860-61.

James Baynam

Martyr.

Baynam did not appear to suffer when burned. 1563, p. 1729, 1570, p. 2259, 1576, p. 1951, 1583, p. 2058.

1583 Edition, page 2125
James Beaton

(c. 1473 - 1539) [ODNB]

Administrator; archbishop of St Andrews (1522/23 - 39)

Patrick Hamilton was brought before James Beaton and his colleagues for examination. He was condemned and burnt. 1563, p. 460; 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

[In the 1563 edition, Foxe incorrectly identifies him as David Beaton, cardinal and archbishop of St Andrews (1539 - 46)]

1583 Edition, page 996 | 1583 Edition, page 1006
James Blythe

(d. by October 1546) [Emden]

BA Oxford 1516; MA 1519; BTh abroad 1528; DTh 1536; canon of St George's Chapel, Windsor (1536 - 46); chaplain to the king by November 1536; acted as confessor to Anthony Pearson 1543

James Blythe and Richard Arche were confessors to the Windsor martyrs in 1543. 1570, p. 1397; 1576, p. 1192; 1583, p. 1220.

1583 Edition, page 1244
James Bocking

Shoemaker. Of Ipswich.

James Bocking fled Ipswich for fear of persecution. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2113
James Bradshaw

Protestant. Of Bolton

Related to Laurence Bradshaw (probably his brother) [Haigh, Reformation and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire, pp. 171, 173.]

James Bradshaw sent a letter to George Marsh in prison, declaring his admiration for Marsh's constancy and seeking Marsh's advice. 1570, p. 1745; 1576, pp. 1490-91; 1583, p. 1573.

John Bradford sent him a manuscript copy of his 'Hurt of Hearing Mass' (LM, p. 363).

James Bradshaw was the recipient of letter by John Bradford, who sent greetings primarily to his mother but also to his father and other friends, who included James Bradshaw, Laurence Bradshaw, John Treves, Thomas Sorrocold, and their wives and families. 1570, pp. 1805-06,1576, pp. 1541-42, 1583, p. 1624.

[NB: James Bradshaw was in trouble for heresy in 1554; see Christopher Haigh, Reform and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire (Cambridge, 1975), p. 184].

1583 Edition, page 1597
James Brookes

(1512 - 1560).

DD (1546). Master of Balliol (1547). Vice chancellor of Oxford (1552). Bishop of Gloucester (1554 - 1559). Deprived of his see upon the accession of Elizabeth. Committed to prison where he died. (DNB)

James Brookes was made bishop of Gloucester, c. January 1554, (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

He was deprived under Elizabeth.

James Brookes was one of those holding a commission from Cardinal Pole to disinter Peter Martyr's wife and burn her bones. 1563, p. 1558, 1570, p. 2152, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

The examinations of John Hunt and Richard White before the bishops of Salisbury and Gloucester (Brookes and Capon), Dr. Geffre (chancellor) took place on 26 April 1557. 1570, p. 2254, 1576, p. 1947, 1583, p. 2054.

Foxe says that James Brookes died before Queen Mary, but he did not die until 1560. 1563, p. 1736, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

1583 Edition, page 1781 | 1583 Edition, page 1823 | 1583 Edition, page 1895 | 1583 Edition, page 1913 | 1583 Edition, page 1977 | 1583 Edition, page 1992 | 1583 Edition, page 2078 | 1583 Edition, page 2125
James Brooks

(1512-60)

Bishop of Gloucester, 1554-58 [DNB, Fasti)

Made bishop of Gloucester, c. January 1554, (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

Deprived under Elizabeth.

1583 Edition, page 1491
James Calfhill [or Calfield]

(1530? - 1570)

DD (1565) Ordained deacon (1559) and then priest (1560). Canon of Christ Church (1560). Canon of St Paul's (1562). Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity at Oxford (1564). Archdeacon of Colchester (1565 - 1570) (DNB)

Foxe prints Latin verses responding to John White's Latin verses in praise of Philip and Mary's marriage. In 1563, Foxe credits these verses to 'James Caufield' (1563, p. 1005). In later editions, they are merely credited to 'I.C.' (1570, pp. 1642-43; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1472).

[The records do not reveal a James Caufield or Caulfield for this period. But Foster (under 'Calfhill, James') states that his name was given in the records as Calfill, Calfield or Calfide. Calfhill would make eminent sense as the author of these verses having the protestant zeal, learning and ties to Foxe.]

Calfhill is described by Foxe as the sub-dean of Corpus Christi College. 1563, p. 1559, 1570, p. 2153, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

He requested that Peter Martyr's wife's bones be rehoused in their original resting place, along with those of Frideswide. 1563, p. 1559, 1570, p. 2153, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

[Foxe refers to James Calfield as James Calfhill. Also referred to as James 'Caufield']

1583 Edition, page 1496 | 1583 Edition, page 1992[Back to Top]
James Chapman

James Chapman and Bartholomew Joyes stood as sureties, in the sum of £20 each, for Bland to appear at the next general sessions. 1563, p. 1220, 1570, p. 1845, 1576, p. 1579, 1583, p. 1666.

1583 Edition, page 1691
James Clyne

Clerk

James Clyne was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

1583 Edition, page 1559
James Cocke (Coppen de Hane)

of Calais; charged July 1539; again Easter 1540 [Fines]

James Cocke was one of those accused of heresy to the privy council by councillors of Calais. Broke, Hare, Cocke and Barber were sent with their accusers to England to be examined by Cranmer, Gardiner, Sampson and other bishops. 1563, p. 661; 1570, p. 1401; 1576, p. 1195; 1583, p. 1224.

Cocke with the others was for the time dismissed. 1570, p. 1403; 1576, p. 1196; 1583, p. 1226.

William Smith was sentenced to preach a sermon of recantation in the market place in Calais, while Ralph Hare, James Cocke and James Barber were to abjure and stand bearing faggots. 1570, p. 1403; 1576, p. 1197; 1583, p. 1226.

After an exhaustive inquisition for heretics, Cocke was one of those brought before the commissioners in Calais in 1540, charged and imprisoned. 1563, p. 665; 1570, p. 1404; 1576, p. 1197; 1583, p. 1227.

1583 Edition, page 1248 | 1583 Edition, page 1251
James Dyer

(1512 - 1582)

MP (1547 -1553), knighted (1552), Speaker of the House of Commons (1553), counsel to University of Cambridge, recorder of Cambridge. Justice of the Common Pleas (1556), transferred to the Queen's Bench (1557). Retransferred to Common Pleas (1558) and retained that position until he died. (DNB)

James Dyer took part in the examination of certain scholars at Cambridge University on 8 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

1583 Edition, page 1978[Back to Top]
James Foxe

Minister. Of Lichfield.

Agnes Penifather was examined by the bishop of Lichfield about what she said to two priests of Lichfield, John Ady and James Foxe, about the martyr Lewes' remains. 1563, p. 1636, 1570, p. 2221, 1576, p. 1917, 1583, p. 2024.

[Not related to John Foxe of Stoke or John Foxe the martyrologist.]

1583 Edition, page 2047
James Gage

Brother of Sir Edward Gage.

Woodman's neighbours were Cardillar and James Gage. 1563, p. 1574, 1570, p. 2171, 1576, p. 1875, 1583, p. 1984.

Woodman's third examination took place before Alban Langdale and Master James Gage at Montague's house, beside St Mary Overy's, Southwark, on 12 May 1557. 1570, pp. 2182-88, 1576, pp. 1884-89, 1583, pp. 1992-97.

[Son of John Gage.]

1583 Edition, page 2009
James Gordon

(d. before March 1560) [cistercians.shef.ac.uk/abbeys/glenluce.php]

Abbot of Glenluce (1547 - 60); brother of John Gordon of Lochinvar

James Gordon sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

1583 Edition, page 1296
James Gore

(d. 1555)

James Gore died in prison in Colchester on 8 December 1555. 1563, p. 1387, 1570, p. 1960, 1576, p. 1688, 1583, p. 1795.

1583 Edition, page 1819
James Gorge

(d. 1555)

Foxe states that a ?James Gorge? died in prison and that he was buried in the fields (1563, p. 1022; 1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1482).

[NB: Foxe calls him ?James George? in the 1576 and 1583 editions.]

1583 Edition, page 1506[Back to Top]
James Gosson

Dutchman of All Hallows Barking; committed to the Counter in 1541 for refusing to confess or receive communion [Fines]

James Gosson was charged for refusing to confess or received communion; he was counselled in this by Herman Peterson. 1563, p. 420.

James Gosson was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
James Haddon

Dean of Exeter and chaplain to the Duke of Suffolk

James Haddon was one of six clerics - the others were Walter Phillips, Richard Cheyney, John Philpot, John Aylmer and Thomas Young - who argued against the Real Presence in the Eucharist (1563, pp. 906 and 912; 1570, pp. 1571 and 1576; 1576, pp. 1340 and 1344; 1583, pp. 1410 and 1414-15).

1583 Edition, page 1434
James Hales

(d. 1554)

Judge of the Common Pleas (1547 - 1553). Of Canterbury. [DNB] Father-in-law of Joyce Hales.

Sir James Hales is mentioned as opposing the act proclaiming Lady Jane Grey as heir to Edward VI and is characterised as both 'favouringe true religion' and 'as upright a Iudge as any was in this realme' (1563, p. 901; 1570, p. 1567; 1576, p. 1336; and 1583, p. 1406).

Hales' exemplary character and piety are described (1563, pp. 1113-14).

Foxe gives a brief account of how Hales upheld the statutes passed in Edward's reign against the establishing of altars and the mass, was imprisoned and attempted suicide (1563, p. 905; 1570, p. 1571; 1576, pp. 1339-40; and 1583, p. 1410; also see 1563, p. 1114).

After Hales had enforced the Edwardian statues in Kent in the summer of 1553, he came to Westminster at the beginning of the legal term in October 1553 to be sworn in as a justice. Lord Chancellor Stephen Gardiner refused to administer the oath to him unless he abjured. Hales refused. He was arrested soon after. While imprisoned, George Day, William Portman and one Foster sought to persuade him to recant. 1563, pp. 1114-15; 1570, pp. 1708-9; 1576, p. 1458; 1583, p. 1532.

Sir James Hales received a letter from John Bradford when he was a prisoner in the Counter in Bread Street. 1570, pp. 1818-19, 1576, pp. 1554-56, 1584, p. 1636.

A notice that Hales was committed to the Marshalsea appears in 1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

Hales attempted to commit suicide in prison. Afterward, in April 1554, he was released 1563, p. 1115; 1570, p. 1709; 1576, p. 1459; 1583, p. 1533.

Ridley reported, in a letter to Cranmer, written in the aftermath of the Oxford disputations in April 1554, that John Moreman had persuaded Sir James Hales to recant (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1464).

Hales succeeded in killing himself 1563, p. 1115; 1570, p. 1709; 1576, p. 1459; 1583, p. 1533.

Foxe defends Hales' character and suicide 1563, pp. 1116-17; 1570, p. 1709; 1576, p. 1459; 1583, p. 1533.

Hales drowned himself. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1991. 1583, p. 2101.

1583 Edition, page 2125
James Hall

Brother of Sir Thomas Hall

Sir Thomas Hall received a letter from John Bradford which mentioned James. 1583, p. 1660.

1583 Edition, page 1541 | 1583 Edition, page 1669 | 1583 Edition, page 1684
James Hamilton

(c. 1519 - 1575) [ODNB]

2nd earl of Arran and duke of Chatelherault in French nobility; governor of Scotland

The earl of Arran sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

He sat on the assize that judged heretics in Perth. When five men and one woman were condemned to death, the earl was inclined to accept the petition of townsmen to pardon them, but the clergy of the town prevented him. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

The earl of Arran sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

1583 Edition, page 1283 | 1583 Edition, page 1290 | 1583 Edition, page 1293 | 1583 Edition, page 1296[Back to Top]
James Harris

(b. 1541?)

Of Billericay.

James Harris was apprehended and sent to Bonner in the company of Margaret Ellis by Sir John Mordaunt and Sir Edmund Tyrrel. 1563, p. 1692, 1570, p. 2264, 1576, p. 1555, 1583, p. 2062.

Harris confessed but then was troubled at doing so. 1563, p. 1692, 1570, p. 2264, 1576, p. 1955, 1583, p. 2062.

When Harris told the priest that he could not confess his sins as they were so manifold, he was sent to Bonner who took him out into the garden and whipped him. 1563, p. 1692, 1570, p. 2264, 1576, p. 1955, 1583, p. 2062.

1583 Edition, page 1934 | 1583 Edition, page 2086
James Hay

(d. 1538) [Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae]

Cistercian; bishop of Ross (1523 - 38) and commissioner for James Beaton, archbishop of St Andrews

James Hamilton, Katherine Hamilton, David Straiton, a woman of Leith, and Norman Gourlay were summoned to appear in the abbey church of Holyrood House, Edinburgh, by James Hay, commissioner to the archbishop of St Andrews, in the presence of King James V, who was dressed entirely in red. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

James Hay condemned David Straiton and Norman Gourlay, who refused to recant, to be burnt. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

1583 Edition, page 1006
James Hearst

Of unknown occupation. Of Ipswich.

James Hearst's wife fled Ipswich for fear of persecution. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2113
James Hinse

Thomas Tomkins repeated to James Hinse that he had felt no pain whilst Bonner had burned his hand with a candle. 1570, p. 1711; 1576, p. 1460; 1583, p. 1534.

1583 Edition, page 1558[Back to Top]
James Hunter

(d. 1544) [Fines]

Butcher of Perth; Scottish martyr; hanged at Perth

James Hunter was arrested and charged with keeping the company of Robert Lambe, William Anderson, James Raveleson, James Ronaldson and Helen Stirke. He and the others were executed. 1570, pp. 1443-44; 1576, pp. 1230-31; 1583, p. 1267.

1583 Edition, page 1290
James Lever

George Marsh wrote a letter to James Lever and other co-religionists in the area around Bolton, instructing them on how to behave in the current time of persecution. 1570, p. 1473; 1576, pp. 1488-89; 1583, pp. 1571-72.

[Foxe calls him James 'Leiver'.]

1583 Edition, page 1595
James Ling

Of Winston, Suffolk.

Thomas Spicer was taken from his bed in his master's house by James Ling and John Keretch of Winston and William Davies of Debenham. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

1583 Edition, page 1936
James Morice

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of Heathfield.

James Morice was accused and examined by Christopherson, Richard Briesly, Robert Tailor, Thomas Paccard, Anthony Clarke, and Alban Langdale. He was condemned and martyred at Chichester. 1563, p. 1634, 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1815, 1583, p. 2023.

1583 Edition, page 2048
James Morice

(d. 1557) [ODNB sub Ralph Morice]

of Roydon, Essex; clerk of works to Lady Margaret Beaufort; joint receiver-general, with his son William, in the court of general surveyors and for possessions recovered by the court of common pleas; father of Ralph

James Morice had to go to London at the time his son Ralph was writing a copy of Archbishop Cranmer's objections to the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1355; 1576, p. 1157; 1583, p. 1185.

1583 Edition, page 1209[Back to Top]
James Morice

(d. 1557)

Martyr.

He was burned at Lewes on 22 June 1557. 1563, p. 1602, 1570, p. 2195, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2003.

[Son of Margery Morice.]

1583 Edition, page 2007
James Mourton

One of the priests associated with the Western Rising in 1549

James Mourton was one of the priests said to have been the chief inspirers of the rebellion and who were later executed. 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

1583 Edition, page 1329
James Ogule

of St Benet's at Paul's Wharf; presented with his wife in 1541 for not being confessed

James Ogule was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
James Pilkington

(1520? - 1576)

First protestant bishop of Durham (1561 - 1576). [DNB]

James Pilkington's preaching in Lancashire in Edward VI's reign was mentioned by George Marsh. 1570, p. 1744; 1576, p. 1489; 1583, p. 1572.

Pilkington's exile was mentioned in Bradford's letter to the university town of Cambridge. 1563, pp. 1178-80, 1570, pp. 1808-09., 1576, p. 1545, 1583, p. 1627.

James Pilkington gave a sermon denouncing Bucer and Phagius at their exhumation and condemnation. 1563, p. 1555, 1583, p. 1966.

Foxe refers to his installation after Elizabeth's accession. 1583, p. 2128.

1583 Edition, page 1596 | 1583 Edition, page 1652 | 1583 Edition, page 1990 | 1583 Edition, page 2148
James Pilkington

(1520 - 1576) [ODNB]

BA Cambridgeshire 1539; MA 1542; BTh 1551; protestant exile

Bishop of Durham (1561 - 76)

In the disputation at Cambridge in 1549, William Glyn answered the second disputation, opposed by Andrew Perne, Edmund Grindal, Edmund Guest and James Pilkington. 1570, pp. 1556-57; 1576, pp. 1326-28; 1583, pp. 1382-85.

1583 Edition, page 1408
James Raveleson (Ranoldstone)

(d. 1544) [Fines]

Skinner of Perth; helped Robert Lambe hang horns and a tail on the image of St Francis; Scottish martyr; executed at Perth

James Raveleson and others were arrested and charged with gathering in illegal assemblies to hear scripture. He, Robert Lambe and William Anderson were also charged with hanging horns and a tail on the image of St Francis and of eating a goose on All Hallows' Eve. Raveleson was further charged with having had carved on his stairway the triple crown, which David Beaton considered to be mocking. He and the others were executed. 1570, pp. 1443-44; 1576, pp. 1230-31; 1583, p. 1267.

1583 Edition, page 1290
James Ronaldson (Finlason, Founleson)

(d. 1544) [T. S. Freeman, 'The Reik of Maister Patrick Hammyltoun', Sixteenth Century Journal, vol. 27, no. 1 (Spring 1996) p. 54]

Husband of Helen Stirke; Scottish martyr; executed at Perth

[Either Foxe or his informant misread the name in the original documents]

James Ronaldson, his wife Helen Stirke and others were arrested and charged with gathering in illegal assemblies to hear scripture. They were all executed. 1570, pp. 1443-44; 1576, pp. 1230-31; 1583, p. 1267.

1583 Edition, page 1290[Back to Top]
James Rosogan

One of the leaders of the Western Rising in 1549

James Rosogan is mentioned as one of the Devonshire men's chief captains. 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

1583 Edition, page 1329
James Smith

Edmund Peerson reported meeting James Smith, Miles Garnet and Richard Bayfield outside the parsonage at St Edmund in Lombard Street, at which time Bayfield said that the others were Pharisees, not Christians. 1570, p. 1191; 1576, p. 1020; 1583, p. 1048.

1583 Edition, page 1072
James Symson

Official of St Andrews (1524 - 1529x1530) [Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ]; official of Lothian (1530 - 33)

James Symson was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

1583 Edition, page 998
James Trevisam

Of St Margaret Lothbury, London.

Thomas Beard, an informer, discovered Trevisam's servant John Small reading an English Bible to Trevisam, his wife, and others in Trevisam's house. Small and the others were arrested and only his grave illness kept Trevisam from being carted off to prison as well. He died while the case against him was in progress. On his deathbed he refused to conform to the orthodox views on the sacrament of the altar presented to him by John Farthing, rector of St Margaret Lothbury. When Farthing reported this to Bishop Bonner of London, Bonner ordered that Trevisam be denied Christian burial. 1570, p. 1843; 1576, p. 1577; 1583, p. 1665.

1583 Edition, page 1689
James Tuberville

(d. 1570?)

Bishop of Exeter (1555 - 1559) (DNB)

James Tuberville is mentioned under the name 'Troublefield' on 1570, p. 1579; 1576, p. 1347; 1583, p. 1418).

Also referred to as 'Trublefield'

1583 Edition, page 1442[Back to Top]
James Turberville

(d. 1570?)

DD (1532). Bishop of Exeter (1555) (DNB)

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's subscription, in which he mentioned having had dinner with the bishop of Exeter. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846.

James Turberville examined and condemned Mrs Prest. 1563, p. 1737, 1570, p. 2249, 1576, pp. 1943-45, 1583, p. 2049.

He was imprisoned in the Tower after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

1583 Edition, page 1870 | 1583 Edition, page 2074 | 1583 Edition, page 2126
James Tutty

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of Brenthley, Kent.

James Tutrye was examined by Nicholas Harpsfield and Thornden on 3 August. 1563, p. 1273.

Articles were brought against him to which he gave answers. 1563, p. 1273. Referred to in 1570, p. 1884, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

In 1563 he was burned 6 August 1556 (p. 1273) but in 1570, p. 1184, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708, he was burned c. 6 September [1556] at Canterbury.

[Also referred to as Turtye and Tutrye.]

1583 Edition, page 1732
James V of Scotland

(1512 - 1542) [ODNB]

King of the Scots (1513 - 42)

James Hamilton, Katherine Hamilton, David Straiton, a woman of Leith, and Norman Gourlay were summoned to appear in the abbey church of Holyrood House, Edinburgh, by James Hay, commissioner to the archbishop of St Andrews, in the presence of King James V, who was dressed entirely in red. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 955; 1583, p. 982.

King James advised James Hamilton not to appear, since he could not help him if he did. Hamilton fled, was convicted of heresy and had his goods confiscated. The king encouraged the others to recant. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 982.

After the Act of Supremacy, Henry VIII attempted to improve relations with other monarchs by sending ambassadors. Sir Ralph Sadler was sent to James V, king of the Scots. 1570, p. 1218; 1576, p. 1043; 1583, p. 1070.

François I of France married his daughter to James V, breaking an agreement with Henry VIII. 1570, p. 1239; 1576, p. 1061; 1583, p. 1088.

1583 Edition, page 1006 | 1583 Edition, page 1094 | 1583 Edition, page 1111 | 1583 Edition, page 1159 | 1583 Edition, page 1212 | 1583 Edition, page 1303[Back to Top]
Jane Barker

Wife of Robert Barker. Of Bury St Edmunds.

Jane Barker was named by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler as having access to her husband, who was a priest. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2090.

1583 Edition, page 2114
Jane Boleyn (nèe Parker)

(d. 1542) [ODNB]

Viscountess of Rochford; married George Boleyn, brother of Anne; lady of the bedchamber to three queens after Anne; arranged meetings; executed

Lady Rochford was condemned for treason for abetting the adultery of Katherine Howard and was executed. 1570, p. 1385; 1576, p. 1181; 1583, p. 1210.

1583 Edition, page 1234
Jane Grey

(1537 - 1554) (DNB)

Jane Grey was named by Edward VI as his heir and proclaimed Queen (1563, p. 901; 1570, p. 1567; 1576, p. 1336; 1583, p. 1406).

She was compared favorably to Edward VI in learning; she was also compared to Aspasia, Sempronia and the mother of the Gracchi (1563, p. 901; 1570, p. 1576; 1576, p. 1336; and 1583, p. 1406).

She was imprisoned in the Tower for nearly five months after Mary became Queen (1563, p. 902; 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; 1583, p. 1407).

Jane Grey's writings and letters (1563, pp. 917-22; 1570, pp. 1580-84; 1576, pp. 1348-52; 1583, pp. 1420-22).

Jane Grey's words at her execution and a description of her execution are in 1563, p. 919; 1570, p. 1584; 1576, p. 1352; and 1583, p. 1422.

Latin verses written by Jane Grey are in 1563, p. 922; 1570, p. 1584; 1576, p. 1352; and 1583, pp. 1422-23).

Latin verses commemorating Jane Grey (by John Parkhust, John Foxe and Laurence Humphrey) are in 1563, pp. 923; 1570, pp. 1584-85; 1576, p. 1352; and 1583, p. 1423.

Jane was executed 12 February 1554 (1563, p 823; 1570, p. 1584; 1576, p. 1352; 1583, p. 1422).

Also referred to as 'Jane Dudley'

1583 Edition, page 1430 | 1583 Edition, page 1443
Jane Morant

Nurse. Widow. Of Norwich.

Jane Morant's son-in-law, Henry Bird, was forced to flee Norfolk to avoid persecution. 1563, p. 1678.

[Mother of Alice Bird and mother-in-law of Henry Bird.]

[Back to Top]
Jane Seymour

(1508/9 - 1537) [ODNB]

Queen of England (1536 - 37); 3rd consort of Henry VIII; mother of Edward VI

Henry married Jane Seymour shortly after the execution of Anne Boleyn. 1570, p. 1234; 1576, p. 1056; 1583, p. 1083.

Queen Jane died soon after the birth of her son. 1570, p. 1239; 1576, p. 1061; 1583, p. 1087.

1583 Edition, page 1107
Januarius

C2 Christian martyred in Rome; called a son of Felicitas; martyred with her. [Catholic Encyclopedia sub Felicitas]

Januarius, eldest son of Felicitas, was whipped and pressed to death with weights. 1570, p. 67; 1576, p. 44; 1583, p. 44.

1583 Edition, page 67
Jaques Amy

(died after 1576)

Dean of Guernsey (deprived in 1558), curé of St Saviour, Guernsey (1547 - 1572). [D. M. Ogier, Reformation and Society in Guernsey (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1996), p. .69, 75.]

Jaques Amy examined and condemned Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, pp. 1542-43, 1570, pp. 2127-28, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

He was later forced to beg pardon for his involvement in the deaths of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. He was imprisoned and disposessed of his livings. 1563, pp. 1544-45, 1570, pp. 2130-31, 1576, pp. 1851-52, 1583, pp. 1945-46.

1583 Edition, page 1967
Jaruman

(d. 667) [ODNB sub Ceadda]

Bishop of the Mercians

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 164; 1576, p. 124; 1583, p. 122.

1583 Edition, page 145
Jaspar Wetzel

of Cologne [Fines]

Jaspar Wetzel was charged in London in 1531 with refusing to attend mass or pray to the Virgin and for mocking the rood at St Margaret Pattens. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1187; 1576, p. 1015; 1583, p. 1043.

1583 Edition, page 1067[Back to Top]
Jean Calvin

(1509 - 1564) [C. Scott Dixon, M. Greengrass, www.leedstrinity.ac.uk/histcourse/reformat/biograph.htm]

French protestant theologian; preacher, professor of theology at Geneva 1536, ordered to leave 1538; went to Strasbourg; invited to return to Geneva 1541

At John Marbeck's trial, he claimed the words he was charged with were those of the 'learned man' Calvin. 1570, p. 1396; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1219.

1583 Edition, page 1243
Jean Charlier de Gerson

(1363 - 1429) [G. Holmes, Europe: Hierarchy and Revolt 1320-1450 (London, 1975) pp. 140, 180]

French ecclesiastical statesman and writer; DTh Paris 1392; became chancellor of the university 1395; attended the council of Constance in 1414; supported Pierre d' Ailly in ending the papal schism; led in the condemnation of Hus

In their examination for heresy, Thomas Arthur and Thomas Bilney said that Gerson criticised the large number of laws in the church. 1563, p. 464; 1570, p. 1137; 1576, p. 974; 1583, p. 1000.

1583 Edition, page 1024
Jean le Marchant

Jurat (dismissed in 1565, but pardoned of all previous offences on 18 February 1566). Of S Pierre Port, Guernsey. [ See Eagleston, A. J., 'The Dismissal of the Seven Jurats in 1565' in Transactions of la Societe Guernesiaise, xii (1936), pp. 500-16.]

Jean le Marchant took part in the examination and condemnation of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, pp. 1542-43, 1570, pp. 2127-28, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

He was later forced to beg pardon for his involvement in the deaths of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1570, pp. 2130-31, 1576, pp. 1851-52, 1583, pp. 1945-46.

[Referred to by Foxe as 'John Marchant'.]

1583 Edition, page 1968
Jean Quintin Haeduus

(c. 1509 - 1561)

Professor of canon law at the University of Paris

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 1329; 1576, p. 1134; 1583, p. 1163.

1583 Edition, page 1187
Jean Veron

(d. 1563)

French protestant divine and controversialist (DNB)

Jean Veron is misidentified as 'M. Vernon' by Foxe, who accurately reports that he was committed to the Tower, together with Bradford, by the privy council on 16 August 1553 (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]; cf. APC IV, p. 321).

There is another mention of Veron being sent to the Tower, together with Bradford and Becon, on 16 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

A letter from Ridley and his fellow prisoners to Bradford and his fellow prisoners in the King's Bench in 1554 stated that Ridley longed to hear of Father Crome, Doctor Sandys, Masters Saunders, Veron, Beacon and Rogers. 1563, p. 1294, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1624, 1583, p. 1724.

1583 Edition, page 1433 | 1583 Edition, page 1489 | 1583 Edition, page 1748
Jeffrey Bestwood

Of unknown occupation. Of Great Bentley, Essex.

Information against Ralph Allerton was provided by Jeffrey Bestwood. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

1583 Edition, page 2040
Jeffrey Hurst

Nail maker. Of Shakerley, Lancashire.

Jeffrey Hurst was the son of a yeoman and married the sister of George Marsh. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2075.

He fled to Yorkshire for fear of persecution, leaving his wife and child. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 1076.

He secretly returned home at night when possible. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2077.

Hurst would secretly take communion with Reneses, Best, Brodbanke and Russel, who were all preachers. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2077.

He returned home after the death of his father for around seven or eight weeks. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2077.

The house was searched under the direction of Thomas Lelond, justice, and Hurst's books were found, including Tindal's translation of the New Testament. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2077.

He was examined by Lelond. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2077.

Hurst fell ill after performing the duty of ensuring that Queen Elizabeth's proceedings took place, and died. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2077.

[Brother-in-law of George Marsh.]

[See Christopher Haigh, Reformation and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire (Cambridge, 1975), pp. 85, 172, 173, 187, 188, 192.]

1583 Edition, page 2099 | 1583 Edition, page 2125[Back to Top]
Jehan de Montmorency, Monsieur de Courrieres.

(CSP Dom Mary I, p. 31)

Imperial Ambassador

His arrival 2 January 1554 (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

Foxe spells him 'Monsieur Corire'.

1583 Edition, page 1491
Jehan Scheyfve

Imperial ambassador to England by August 1550 [R. J. Lyall, 'Alexander Barclay and the Edwardian Reformation 1548-52', The Review of English Studies, New Series, vol. 20, no. 80. (November, 1969), p.457]

The imperial ambassador was mentioned in a letter from the privy council to Princess Mary on 27 May 1551. 1576, p. 1295; 1583, p. 1337.

1583 Edition, page 1361
Jenkins

Sheriff of Gloucester (1554 - 1555)

John Hooper was committed to Jenkins' custody, and that of his fellow sheriff, William Bond, on the eve of the bishop's execution. Bond and Jenkins wished to hold him at the town gaol, but were persuaded to let Hooper stay, under guard, at the house of Richard Ingram. 1563, pp. 1059-60; 1570, p. 1682; 1576, p. 1436; 1583, p. 1509.

Bond and Jenkins led Hooper to the stake. They insisted that he remove his doublet, hose and waistcoat before being burned so that they might later sell them. 1563, pp. 1060-61; 1570, p. 1683; 1576, p. 1436; 1583, p. 1510.

1583 Edition, page 1533
Jenkins Ph.

Jenkins accused William Chambers of committing adultery in Robert Ferrar's house. 1563, p. 1085; 1583, p. 1543.

1583 Edition, page 1569
Jephcot

Servant of unspecified role to the chancellor of Coventry.

Robert Glover was sent to Lichfield and received by Jephcot. 1563, p. 1280, 1570, p. 1889, 1576, p. 1618, 1583, p. 1712.

He had a discussion with Glover in prison. 1563, p. 1281, 1570, p. 1889, 1576, p. 1618, 1583, p. 1712.

1583 Edition, page 1736[Back to Top]
Jeremie

Stephen Gardiner was received at Jeremie's house in Louane and honorably entertained there. 1570, p. 1959, 1576, p. 1686, 1583, p. 1794.

1583 Edition, page 1818
Jerome (Eusebius Hieronomous) (St Jerome)

(c. 340/2 - 420) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Scholar; translator of the bible from Greek and Hebrew into Latin; studied at Rome and Trier. Lived as an ascetic (374 -79); lived in Constantinople (380 - 81), Rome (382 - 85) and Bethlehem (386)

Jerome was called 'papas' or 'father' by Boniface I and others. 1570, p. 11; 1576, p. 8; 1583, p. 8.

1583 Edition, page 31 | 1583 Edition, page 38 | 1583 Edition, page 57 | 1583 Edition, page 63 | 1583 Edition, page 67 | 1583 Edition, page 73 | 1583 Edition, page 77 | 1583 Edition, page 82 | 1583 Edition, page 83 | 1583 Edition, page 88 | 1583 Edition, page 92 | 1583 Edition, page 123 | 1583 Edition, page 130 | 1583 Edition, page 1174[Back to Top]
Jerome Akon

of S Botolph's, Billingsgate; one of 9 presented in 1541 for not being confessed in Lent or receiving at Easter

Jerome Akon was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
Jerome Cardan

(1501 - 1576)

Italian doctor of medicine, mathematician, astrologer

Cardan gave written testimony of Edward VI's knowledge of the liberal sciences. 1563, p. 885; 1570, p. 1485; 1576, p. 1259; 1583, p. 1296.

1583 Edition, page 1320
Jerome of Prague

(c. 1370 - 1416) [G. Holmes, Europe: Hierarchy and Revolt 1320-1450 (London, 1975) pp. 197, 203]

Preacher, religious reformer; studied at Oxford, Paris, Heidelberg, Cologne; brought Wyclif's writings to Prague; friend and colleague of John Hus; burnt at Constance

The life and martyrdom of Jerome of Prague. 1563, pp. 242-50; 1570, pp. 748-57; 1576, pp. 608-15; 1583, pp. 632-39.

1583 Edition, page 1126 | 1583 Edition, page 1270 | 1583 Edition, page 1305[Back to Top]
João III (the Pious)

(1502 - 1557)

King of Portugal (1521 - 57)

William Gardiner was living in Lisbon at the time of the celebration of the marriage between João Manuel, son of the king of Portugal, and Joan of Spain. 1563, p. 876; 1570, p. 1542; 1576, p. 1314; 1583, p. 1364.

At the time of the marriage, Gardiner attended a mass and was distressed at the people's reaction to the sacrament. He settled his accounts and renounced the world. The next Sunday during mass, he grabbed the host out of the cardinal's hand and trod it under foot. He was wounded, but the king cried out and saved him. 1563, pp. 876-77; 1570, pp. 1542-43; 1576, p. 1315; 1583, p. 1365.

Gardiner was brought before the king and examined. He was tortured, his hands were cut off and he was burnt. 1563, pp. 877-78; 1570, pp. 1543-44; 1576, pp. 1315-16; 1583, pp. 1366-67.

1583 Edition, page 1388
João Manuel of Portugal

(1537 - 1554)

Son of King João III of Portugal; married Joan of Spain in 1552; his posthumous son became King Sebastian I

William Gardiner was living in Lisbon at the time of the celebration of the marriage between João Manuel of Portugal and Joan of Spain. 1563, p. 876; 1570, p. 1542; 1576, p. 1314; 1583, p. 1364.

1583 Edition, page 1388
Joachim of Fiore

(c. 1135 - 1202) [M. Reeves, The Influence of Prophecy in the Later Middle Ages (Oxford, 1969) pp. 3-14]

Founder of the monastic order of San Giovanni in Fiore; theologian, mystic, prophet; produced a theory of three ages based on interpretation of Revelations

Joachim of Fiore's writings were submitted to the fourth Lateran Council and judged to be erroneous. 1570, p. 1313; 1576, p. 1124; 1583, p. 1149.

1583 Edition, page 1173
Joan (Agnes) Smith

Widow of Bower Hall, Steeple Bumpstead, Essex; she, her 2 sons and 2 daughters were accused in 1525 [Fines]

Joan Smith, her sons and daughters, with many from Steeple Bumpstead, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
Joan Beach

(d. 1556)

Widow. Martyr. Of Tunbridge, Kent.

Joan Beach was examined by Maurice Griffith, bishop of Rochester. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 1906.

Articles were raised against her which she answered. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 1906.

She was burned with John Harpole in Rochester around 1 April 1556. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1800, 1583, p. 1906.

1583 Edition, page 1703 | 1583 Edition, page 1930
Joan Bennore

Maid of Thomas Patmore; married his curate, Simon Smith [Fines]

Simon Smith was charged in London in 1531 with marrying while a priest. He and his pregnant wife were subjected to a lengthy examination, made to abjure and given penance to perform. 1570, p. 1188; 1576, p. 1017; 1583, p. 1044.

1583 Edition, page 1068
Joan Bocher (Joan of Kent)

(d. 1550) [ODNB]

Religious radical; burnt at Smithfield

Edward VI was opposed to the burning of Joan Bocher. 1563, p. 884; 1570, p. 1484; 1576, p. 1258; 1583, p. 1295.

George van Parris and Joan Bocher were the only martyrs during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 685; 1570, p. 1486; 1576, p. 1260; 1583, p. 1297.

1583 Edition, page 1319 | 1583 Edition, page 1321
Joan Bradbridge

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of Staplehurst

Joan Bradbridge was burned with six others at Maidstone on 18 June 1557. 1570, p. 2167, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1979.

1583 Edition, page 2003[Back to Top]
Joan Butcher

(d. 1550)

Anabaptist executed for heresy in 1550 [DNB]

William Chedsey accused Thomas Hawkes of glorying in his own martyrdom just as Boucher had done. Hawkes denied any similarity between Butcher and himself. 1563, pp. 1154-55; 1570, p. 1763; 1576, p. 1506; 1583, p. 1589

1583 Edition, page 1613
Joan Butcher

(d. 1550)

'Joan of Kent'. Anabaptist executed for heresy in 1550 [DNB]

William Chedsey accused Thomas Hawkes of glorying in his own martyrdom just as Boucher had done. Hawkes denied any similarity between Butcher and himself. 1563, pp. 1154-55; 1570, p. 1763; 1576, p. 1506; 1583, p. 1589

During his sixth examination, Philpot stated that Joan of Kent was a heretic. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

1583 Edition, page 1831
Joan Catmer

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of parish of Hythe. Wife of George Catmer.

Joan Catmer was burned on 31 January 1556 at Canterbury. 1563, pp. 1469, 1470, 1570, p. 2032, 1576, p. 1751, 1583, p. 1859.

[Foxe also refers to her by the variant 'Cotmer'.]

1583 Edition, page 1882
Joan Colyn

of Tenterden, Kent

Joan Colyn abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
Joan Cooke

Later, wife of John Sparke.

Shortly before her death, Margaret Thurston was taken back to the castle and told Joan Cook, later the wife of John Spark, what had happened. On the morning Margaret Thurston was due to be burned, her case was deferred. As she was preparing to be burned, she began to shiver and tremble, and felt as though she were being lifted up. She turned to get her psalter, just as the jailor took away her fellow prisoners. She was later taken to the town-prison where she remained for around another week. 1563, p. 1632, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1912, 1583, p. 2020.

1583 Edition, page 2044[Back to Top]
Joan Dangerfield

(d. 1556)

Wife of William Dangerfield. Of Wootton-under-Edge, near Bristol.

Joan Dangerfield bore William ten children. 1570, p. 2039, 1576, pp. 1859-60, 1583, p. 1953.

When the tenth child was fourteen days old she and her child were seized by the authorities and placed in jail. 1570, p. 2039, 1576, p. 1860, 1583, p. 1953.

The catholic prisoners with her would not allow her and the baby to get near the fire to get warm. 1570, p. 2039, 1576, p. 1860, 1583, p. 1953.

Her child starved to death and she died soon afterwards. 1570, p. 2039, 1576, p. 1860, 1583, p. 1953.

1583 Edition, page 1977
Joan Denny (nèe Champernon)

(d. 1553) [ODNB sub Anthony Denny]

Wife of Sir Anthony; in the households of Anne of Cleves and Katherine Parr; committed protestant

After her condemnation, Anne Askew was asked about the duchess of Suffolk, the countess of Sussex, the countess of Hertfordshire, Lady Denny and Lady Fitzwilliam. 1563, p. 676; 1570, p. 1418; 1576, p. 1209; 1583, p. 1238.

1583 Edition, page 1262
Joan Dibney

(d. c. 1570)

Prosperous shopkeeper.

Joan Dibney was driven into hiding and her house was searched. 1563, p. 1678.

Dibney hid in the house of a neighbour to avoid persecution. She witnessed her goods being spoiled. 1563, p. 1678.

[Her will is dated 15 January 1571 (Essex Records Office D/ARC6/219). She was indicted as a member of Thomas Putter's conventicle. Her father-in-law, Thomas Dibney, was a Colchester alderman who was called before the privy council. (Laquita Hicks, Godliness and Governance in Tudor Colchester (Michigan, 1998), pp. 170-71.]

[Her first husband was called Reve. Her second husband was John Dibney (married 1547). She was the daughter-in-law of Thomas Dibney. For her death see Essex Record Office D/ARC6/219.]

Joan Dodde

wife of John Dodde

Joan Dodde abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
Joan Fish

Wife of Simon; then wife of James Bainham [Fines]

Mrs Fish was told by the king that it was safe for her husband to return to England. When the king's signet protected her husband from persecution by Sir Thomas More, More sent for her. She had refused to allow friars to say the gospels in Latin in her house. She was not further molested as her daughter was ill with plague. 1570, pp. 448-49; 1570, p. 1153; 1576, p. 986; 1583, p. 1014.

Because James Bainham's wife would not admit that proscribed books were in their house, she was sent to the Fleet. 1570, p. 496; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1027.

1583 Edition, page 1038 | 1583 Edition, page 1051
Joan Fouke

Of Stoke, Suffolk.

Joan Fouke was a member of the congregation persecuted in Stoke, Suffolk. 1563, p. 1698, 1570, p. 2277, 1576, p. 1966, 1583, p. 2074.

1583 Edition, page 2098
Joan Gold

Wife of John Draper, rector of the parish of Rayleigh, Essex

Foxe prints a copy of a commission issued by Bishop Bonner divorcing Draper from his wife Joan Gold in 1563, p. 931. Foxe relates in subsequent editions that Draper and Gold were divorced, but he does not print the actual document (1570, p. 1591; 1576, p. 1358; 1583, p. 1428).

1583 Edition, page 1452
Joan Harwood

of Rolvenden, Kent; wife of Thomas; abjured; witness against the Kent martyrs 1511

Joan Harwood abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1300
Joan Ingforby

Daughter of Andrew Ingforby. Married Lawrence Humphrey in Geneva. (ODNB sub Lawrence Humphrey)

Joan Ingforby fled Ipswich for fear of persecution. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2113[Back to Top]
Joan Linche

of Tenterden, Kent

Joan Linche abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
Joan Love

Joan Love was arrested for drinking from the same cup as Joyce Lewes at Lewes' martyrdom. 1563, p. 1636, 1570, p. 2221, 1576, p. 1917, 1583, p. 2024.

1583 Edition, page 2047
Joan Lowes

wife of Thomas Lowes of Cranbrook, Kent

Joan Lowes abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
Joan Mannings

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Wife, of Maidstone

Joan Mannings was burned with six others at Maidstone on 18 June 1557. 1570, p. 2167, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1979.

1583 Edition, page 2003
Joan of Spain

(1535 - 1573)

Daughter of Emperor Charles V; married João Manuel of Portugal in 1552; mother of King Sebastian I of Portugal; regent in Spain while brother Philip II was in England

William Gardiner was living in Lisbon at the time of the celebration of the marriage between João Manuel of Portugal and Joan of Spain. 1563, p. 876; 1570, p. 1542; 1576, p. 1314; 1583, p. 1364.

1583 Edition, page 1388[Back to Top]
Joan Olbert

of Godmersham, Kent; wife of William the elder

Joan Olbert abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
Joan Potter

Wife of Hugh Potter.

Joan Potter was delivered to Bonner by Mordant and Tyrrel for examination. She was named in a letter written to Bonner by the two justices. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

1583 Edition, page 1934
Joan Saunders

Wife of Laurence Saunders (1) and Robert Harrington (2)

Joan Saunders brought her young son to visit Laurence Saunders in prison. 1563, p. 1045; 1570, p. 1669; 1576, p. 1425; 1583, p. 1497.

Laurence Saunders sent letters to her from prison. 1563, pp. 1043-44 and 1047; 1570, pp 1667-69 and 1672-74; 1576, pp. 1422-24 and 1426-28; 1583, pp. 1496-1502.

She fled overseas to Frankfurt, with her son, and lived in the household of Robert and Lucy Harrington. After Lucy Harrington's death she married Robert, by June 1556. [Garrett, Marian Exiles, sub 'Harrington, Robert'].

1583 Edition, page 1520 | 1583 Edition, page 1524 | 1583 Edition, page 2112[Back to Top]
Joan Smith

of Ridgewell, Essex; accused with her mother, sister and 3 brothers in 1525 [Fines sub Agnes Smith]

Joan Smith, her mother, brothers and sister, with many from Essex, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
Joan Smyth

Widow of Coventry. Martyred for teaching her children 4 April 1519

Joan Smyth was initially spared from burning, but was discovered by the bishop's summoner to have the Lord's Prayer, the articles of faith and the ten commandments in English on her person. She was immediately returned to the bishop and burnt with the others. 1563, pp. 420-21; 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 946; 1583, p. 973.

1583 Edition, page 996
Joan Sole

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of the parish of Horton, Kent.

Joan Sole was condemned on 18 January 1556. 1570, p. 2032.

She was burned on 31 January 1556 at Canterbury. 1563, p. 1469, 1570, p. 2032, 1576, p. 1751, 1583, p. 1858.

1583 Edition, page 1882
Joan Trunchfield

(d. 1556)

Wife of Michael Trunchfield. Martyr. Of Ipswich.

Joan Trunchfield's husband feared for her safety. She told him not to be fearful when she visited him and their children. 1563, p. 1734, 1583, p. 2144.

Foxe recounts Joan Trunchfield's bravery at the stake. 1570, p. 2072, 1576, p. 1787, 1583, p. 1894.

She was burned at Ipswich in late February or early March 1556. 1563, p. 1503 [1563 states specifically 19 February 1556 but this is then changed in subsequent editions to the more vague Feb/March], 1570, p. 2072, 1576, p. 1787, 1583, p. 1894.

1583 Edition, page 1728 | 1583 Edition, page 1917 | 1583 Edition, page 2167
Joan Ward

Of Ipswich.

Joan Ward refused to allow children to be dipped in the fonts. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

She was said by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler not to have watched the elevation of the sacrament. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

[Alias Bentley's wife.]

1583 Edition, page 2114
Joan Warren

Maiden. Alias Lashford (or Laishford).

Joan Warren was the daughter of Elizabeth and John Warne (step-father). She is described as a wife in 1563, p. 1451.

She was born in the parish of lytle Sainct Hallowes, Thomas / Thamis Street. 1563, p. 1468, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Foxe recounts her formative years. 1563, p. 1468, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

She was apprehended in Bow churchyard, where she had been at communion. 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

She was examined by Bonner. Foxe lists the charges and her answers to the charges. 1563, pp. 1451-54, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Dr Martin, the commissioner, gave suit for Warren's release, but this was overturned by Dr Scory. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

A letter was sent by the commissioners to Bonner requesting examination of the accused members of the London sacramentaries (including Lashford [Warren/Warne]). It was dated 2 July 1555 and signed by Nicholas Hare, William Roper, Richard Rede, and William Cooke. 1563, p. 1250, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1689.

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's subscription, in which he stated that he expected Warren to burn at the stake. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846.

She was burned at Smithfield in January 1556. 1563, p. 1451, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

John Careless wrote a letter to Bartlett Green, Thomas Whittle, Joan Warren, Isabel Foster and certain other prisoners in Newgate. 1570, p. 2107, 1576, p. 1818, 1583, pp. 1924-25.

[Also referred to as 'Warne' and 'Warner'.]

1583 Edition, page 1713 | 1583 Edition, page 1726 | 1583 Edition, page 1870 | 1583 Edition, page 1878 | 1583 Edition, page 1881 | 1583 Edition, page 1949
Joan Waste

(1534? - 1556)

A blind, unmarried woman. Of All Hallows parish, Derby.

Joan Waste was the daughter of William Waste, barber, who used occasionally to make ropes. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1951.

She learned to knit hose and sleeves when she was around twelve or fourteen years old and to help her father. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952.

After her parents death, she lived with her brother, Roger Waste, during the reign of Edward VI. Roger took her to church to hear sermons in the vernacular. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952.

She became well versed in religion during Edward VI's reign. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952.

She saved money to buy a New Testament. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952.

She became acquainted with John Hurt, a prisoner in the common hall of Derby, who read to her from her New Testament. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952.

When John Hurt could not read to her, Joan Waste went to John Pemberton, clerk of the parish church of All Saints, Derby. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952.

Foxe lists her persecutors as: Ralph Bane, Anthony Draycot and Peter Finch, with the assistance of Richard Ward, William Bainbridge, John Dethick, Richard Blackwell, Richard Parchinson, Thomas Swinerton, George Poyser, Thomas Roper and John Reyner, [1563, p. 1545] and Sir John Port and Henry Vernon. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952

Anthony Draycot had Waste apprehended in Derby. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952.

Waste was brought out of prison by Peter Finch. 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1952.

Articles were brought against her. 1563, p. 1545, 1570, pp. 2137-38, 1576, pp. 1858-59, 1583, p. 1952.

Waste said that the doctrine taught and sermons given by Dr Taylor were believed by Taylor and others to be a true doctrine. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

She was condemned by Thornden and Draycot. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

On the day of her death Joan Waste was accompanied to church by Draycot, Thomas Powthread, Henry Vernon, Master Dethick of Newhall and many others. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

Draycot preached a violent sermon against Joan Waste. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

Draycot demanded that the gentlemen and bailiffs witness Joan Waste's death. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

Her brother, Roger Waste, held her hand on the way to the Windmill-pit, where she was burned in August 1556. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

Draycot went to an inn and slept during her execution. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

William Bainbridge, bailiff, testified to these events. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1953.

John Cadman, curate of Derby, testified to these events. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1953.

1583 Edition, page 1975 | 1583 Edition, page 1977[Back to Top]
Joan Wilkinson

(d. 1556)

Wife of William Wilkinson, mercer and London alderman; sister of Lord North of Kirtling (DNB)

Anne Boleyn's silkwoman; she smuggled heretical books into England for the queen (DNB).

John Hooper wrote to Joan Wilkinson describing his dispute with a friar in prison. 1570, p. 1685; 1576, p. 1438; 1583, p. 1511.

Hooper wrote to Joan Wilkinson, congratulating her on avoiding idolatry and asking her to pray for him. 1570, p. 1691; 1576, pp. 1443-44; 1583, p. 1517.

Joan Wilkinson was a great comfort to Ridley. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1897, 1576, p. 1624, 1583, p. 1725.

Mistress Wilkinson received a letter from Nicholas Ridley when he was imprisoned in the Bocardo in Oxford. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1921, 1576, p. 1648, 1583, p. 1756.

Mistress Wilkinson received a letter from Hugh Latimer. 1563, p. 1356, 1570, p. 1921, 1576, p. 1647 , 1583, p. 1756.

Mistress Wilkinson and M Warcup and his wife received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, pp. 1817-18, 1576, pp. 1552-54, 1583, p. 1635.

She received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, p. 1825, 1576, p. 1561, 1583, p. 1643.

Thomas Cranmer sent a letter to Mistress Wilkinson. 1570, p. 2071, 1576, p. 1786, 1583, p. 1892.

[NB: Joan Wilkinson was often associated with Ann Warcop, the wife of a cousin Cuthbert Warcop. Wilkinson stayed with the Warcops at their manor in English, Oxfordshire, during 1554 and 1555.She fled overseas with the Warcops and lived in their household in Frankfurt [Garrett, Marian Exiles, sub 'Warcop, Cuthbert']. In her will of 1556, Wilkinson stated that she had loaned her books to John Hooper for use during his lifetime and she bequeathed £20 for the education of Hooper's son Daniel (PRO, PCC Prob 11/42B, fol. 233v)].

1583 Edition, page 1535 | 1583 Edition, page 1541 | 1583 Edition, page 1659 | 1583 Edition, page 1749 | 1583 Edition, page 1780 | 1583 Edition, page 1916
Joan Wilkinson (née North)

(d. 1556) [ODNB]

Religious radical; sister of Edward North, 1st Baron North; Anne Boleyn's silkwoman (1533 - 35); cared for imprisoned protestants during Mary's reign, then went into exile; died at Frankfurt

Joan Wilkinson praised the order kept in Queen Anne's court, with the ladies of the court kept occupied with sewing for the poor. 1563, p. 509; 1570, p. 1198; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1054.

1583 Edition, page 1078
Joan Winseley

Spinster. Of Horsley Magna, Essex.

Winseley was one of 18 men and 4 women indicted for heresy in Colchester.1563, p. 1566 [recte 1578].

Joan Winseley was charged with heresy and delivered to John Kingston and then to Bonner. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

She wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

[Probably related to Thomas Winesley.]

1583 Edition, page 1996
Joan [or 'Mother'] Seaman

(1492? - 1558)

Mother of William Seaman. Of Mendlesham.

Joan Seaman was married for over forty years. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2036.

She was persecuted by Sir John Tyrrel. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2036.

She had to hide from authorities in various locations. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2036.

She returned home when her husband became ill. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2036.

She died shortly after her husband. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2036.

When Symonds, the commissary, heard of the death of Mother Seaman he insisted that she not be buried in holy ground. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2036.

1583 Edition, page 2060
Joannes Scholasticus

(d. 577) [Gams]

Patriarch of Constantinople (565 - 77); appointed at the deposition of Eutychius.

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 15; 1576, p. 12; 1583, p. 12.

1583 Edition, page 35[Back to Top]
Joannes Scotus Eriugena

Of Antioch

C9 Irish teacher, theologian, philosopher, poet [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Joannes Scotus was well thought of by Charles the Bald and Louis the Stammerer. 1570, p. 1300; 1576, p. 1113; 1583, p. 1138.

1583 Edition, page 1162 | 1583 Edition, page 1418
Johann Bugenhagen (Pomeranus)

(1485 - 1558) [Hillerbrand]

German Protestant reformer. Born Pomerania; lecturer at Wittenberg, pastor of principal church there; helped Luther translate the Bible

Robert Barnes fled England and went to Germany, where he found favour with Luther, Melancthon, Bugenhagen, Justus Jonas, Hegendorph, Aepinus, the duke of Saxony and the king of Denmark. 1563, p. 603; 1570, p. 1366; 1576, p. 1165; 1583, p. 1194.

1583 Edition, page 1218
Johann Cochlaeus

(1479 - 1552) [C. Scott Dixon, M. Greengrass, www.leedstrinity.ac.uk/histcourse/reformat/biograph.htm]

German anti-Lutheran polemicist; Luther's first (antagonistic) biographer.

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 1440; 1576, p. 1228; 1583, p. 1258.

1583 Edition, page 1282
Johann Eck (Eckius)

(1486 - 1543) [C.Scott Dixon, M.Greengrass www.leedstrinity.ac.uk/histcourse/reformat/biograph.htm]

German theologian; MA Tuebingen 1501; DTh Freiburg 1510. Professor of theology at Ingolstadt; opponent of Luther.

Martin Luther suspected Johann Eck of writing Pope Leo X's bull condemning him. 1570, p. 1469, 1576, p. 1247, 1583, p. 1284.

1583 Edition, page 25 | 1583 Edition, page 1308
Johann Froben (Frobenius)

(c. 1460 - 1527) [James D. Tracy, 'Erasmus Becomes a German', Renaissance Quarterly, vol. 21, no. 3. (Autumn, 1968), pp. 281-288]

Printer and publisher in Basel; friend of Erasmus; employed Hans Holbein the Younger as illuminator

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 108; 1576, p. 76; 1583, p. 76.

1583 Edition, page 99
Johann Oecolampadius (Johann Huszgen)

(1482 - 1531) [C. Scott Dixon and M. Greengrass, www.leedstrinity.ac.uk/histcourse/reformat/biograph.htm]

German protestant theologian; studied law at Bologna, theology at Heidelberg, Tuebingen and Basel; DTh 1518; preacher at Augsburg; protestant reformer at Basel

Oecolampadius was named with Luther as one of the chief heretical writers at the trial of Richard Bayfield, who was charged with selling their books. 1563, p. 484; 1570, p. 1161; 1576, p. 993; 1583, p. 1021.

1583 Edition, page 1045 | 1583 Edition, page 1092
Johannes Æpinus (Hoeck)

(1499 - 1553)

German theologian and Protestant reformer; friend of Luther

Robert Barnes fled England and went to Germany, where he found favour with Luther, Melancthon, Bugenhagen, Justus Jonas, Hegendorph, Æpinus, the duke of Saxony and the king of Denmark. 1563, p. 603; 1570, p. 1366; 1576, p. 1165; 1583, p. 1194.

1583 Edition, page 1218[Back to Top]
Johannes and Crispus

(d. early C4) Christian priests martyred at Rome.

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 111; 1576, p. 79; 1583, p. 79.

1583 Edition, page 102
Johannes Aventinus (Johann Georg Turmair)

(1477 - 1534)

Bavarian historian and philologist; communicated with Luther and Melancthon

Aventius wrote an account of the synod held in Rome under Gregory VII. 1570, p. 1319; 1576, p. 1128; 1583, p. 1153.

1583 Edition, page 1177
Johannes de Roma

Inquisitor in Provence, noted for his zealous pursuit of the Waldensians (Vaudois) there and in Angrona.

Foxe describes Johannes de Roma as a 'hell-hound' and refers to his activities in all the editions from 1570 (1570, p. 2308-10, 1576, p. 1998-2000, 1583, p. 2108-09). Modern scholarship has largely substantiated the evidence of his dubious methods for eliciting evidence (see G. Audisio, Le barbe et l'inquisiteur (Aix-en-Provence: 1979).

1583 Edition, page 2131
Johannes Manlius

Manlius' book, De dictis Philippi Melancthonis (Locorum Communium Collectanea, a Joh. Manilo, pleraque ex lectionibus Ph. Melancthonis excerpta [Basil: 1563]) made mention of a tailor's servant who threw himself out of a window and died after his conversion to catholicism. 1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106.

Manlius also refers to a young gentlewoman who died without repentance. 1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, p. 2106.

1583 Edition, page 2130
Johannes Nauclerus

(c. 1425 - 1510)

German humanist historian; DCL 1450; taught at the University of Basel; rector of the University of Tübingen 1477; chancellor of the university; judge of the Swabian League (1502 -13); wrote World Chronicle

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, pp. 64, 78, 83, 96, 143, 174; 1576, pp. 37, 53, 57, 67, 106, 131; 1583, pp. 37, 53, 57, 67, 105, 130.

1583 Edition, page 60 | 1583 Edition, page 76 | 1583 Edition, page 80 | 1583 Edition, page 90 | 1583 Edition, page 128 | 1583 Edition, page 130 | 1583 Edition, page 153
Johannes Reuchlin (Reuelinus)

(1455 - 1522) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

German humanist, Hebraist and lawyer; studied at Freiburg, Paris, Basel, Orléans and Poitiers

Johannes Reuchlin was one of those listed by Foxe as having been falsely accused of heresy 1570, p. 1439; 1576, p. 1227; 1583, p. 1257.

1583 Edition, page 1281
John

Servant to Stephen Grinleff. Of Ipswich.

John was said by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler not to have taken the sacrament. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 1960
John

(d. early C4); friend of Cyrus of Alexandria

b. Edessa; ascetic; martyred at Canopus

John left the army to join Cyrus in Arabia. He went with Cyrus to Canopus to encourage Athanasia and her daughters in their faith. Cyrus and John were beheaded for supporting them. 1570, p. 127; 1576, p. 92; 1583, p. 91.

1583 Edition, page 114
John

(1167 - 1216) [ODNB]

King of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and of Aquitaine, count of Anjou (1199 - 1216)

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 10, 1154; 1576, p. 8, 988; 1583, p. 8, 1015.

1583 Edition, page 31 | 1583 Edition, page 1039
John

(d. 1539) [Fines]

Painter; martyr, burnt at St Giles in the Field with Giles Germane and Launcelot

John was tried for heresy along with Giles Germaine, and both were condemned. Launcelot, a member of the king's guard, attended their examination and seemed to favour them. All three were burnt together at St Giles in the Field. 1563, p. 574; 1570, pp. 1456-57; 1576, p. 1242; 1583, p. 1279.

1583 Edition, page 1303
John Adale

Of Lichfield.

John Adale was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979
John Adams (Hadlam)

(d. 1546) [Fines]

Tailor of Colchester,Essex; tried with Anne Askew and burnt with her

John Hemmysley, John Lasselles, John Adams and Anne Askew were burnt together at Smithfield. 1563, p. 666; 1570, p. 1421; 1576, p. 1211; 1583, pp. 1240-41.

1583 Edition, page 1264
John Addison

(d. 1540) [ODNB]

Clergyman; DTh Cambridge (1523); chaplain to John Fisher of Rochester; attainted of misprision of treason in 1534 for supporting Elizabeth Barton

John Addison was associated with Elizabeth Barton (Joan of Kent). He was convicted of misprision of treason, had his goods confiscated and was imprisoned. 1570, p. 1199; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1055.

1583 Edition, page 1079[Back to Top]
John Ady

Minister. Of Lichfield.

Agnes Penifather was examined by the bishop of Lichfield about what she said to two priests of Lichfield, John Ady and James Foxe, about the martyr Lewes' remains. 1563, p. 1636, 1570, p. 2221, 1576, p. 1917, 1583, p. 2024.

1583 Edition, page 2047
John Alcock

(d. 1555)

Shearman. Of Hadleigh, Suffolk [although not a native]. [See John Craig, Reformation, Politics and Polemics, The Growth of Protestantism in East Anglian Market Towns 1500-1610 (Aldershot, 2001), p. 173.]

After Richard Yeoman was driven away from Hadleigh, Alcock used to read a chapter and say the litany in Hadleigh church. Arrested, he was taken to London and died in Newgate prison. 1563, p. 1067; 1570, p. 1694; 1576, p. 1445; 1583, p. 1520.

John Alcock did not remove his cap during the procession, for which action Newall called for the constable to arrest Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Robert Rolfe was an honest constable, and asked Newall why he was so enraged by Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Newall insisted that Rolfe place Alcock in the stocks. Rolfe said that he would bail him and not to put him in the stocks. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe later met with Alcock and told him that he was sorry for him. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe feared that Newall would be cruel to Alcock because of Newall's dislike of Rolfe. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe took Alcock to appear before Newall who committed him to prison. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Alcock was imprisoned in squalid conditions and died there. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

His body was cast out and buried in a dunghill. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

His first epistle. 1563, p. 1664, 1583, p. 2146.His second epistle. 1563, pp. 1664-66, 1583, p. 2147.

[Although he was not burned, note that Foxe none the less refers to him as a 'martyr'.]

[NB: Foxe states that a John Awcocke died in prison on 2 April 1555 and was buried in the fields. 1563, p. 1117; 1570, p. 1731; 1576, p. 1478; 1583, p. 1561].

[Also referred to as John Awcocke]

1583 Edition, page 1544 | 1583 Edition, page 1585 | 1583 Edition, page 2070 | 1583 Edition, page 2169[Back to Top]
John Alen

(1476 - 1534) [ODNB]

BA Cambridge 1494-5; MA 1498; DCnCL by 1508. Commissary to Richard Fitzjames, bishop of Rochester, 1499; proctor for William Warham at the papal curia (1502/3 - 12); commissary-general for Thomas Wolsey, archbishop of York, (1519 - 28).

Archbishop of Dublin (1528 - 34); lord chancellor of Ireland (1528 - 32); murdered

Thomas Wolsey sent John Alen to visit all religious houses in the realm. 1570, p. 1121; 1576, p. 960; 1583, p. 986.

1583 Edition, page 1011 | 1583 Edition, page 1040
John Aleworth

(d.1555)

Protestant.

Died in prison in Reading, at the end of July 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1863-64, 1576, p. 1595, 1583, p. 1683.

1583 Edition, page 1707
John Aleyn

(c. 1470 - 1544) [ODNB; PRO List of Sheriffs; Brigdon London, pp. 74, 291]

Warden of the Mercers 1509; sheriff of London (1518 - 19); lord mayor of London (1525 - 26, 1535 - 36); on royal council; friend of Thomas Cromwell

Aleyn took part in the procession held because of the French king's illness in November 1535. 1570, p. 1218; 1576, p. 1043; 1583, p. 1070.

John Aleyn was named in a commission from Henry VIII to Edmund Bonner as one who was required to execute the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1375; 1576, p. 1173; 1583, p. 1202.

1583 Edition, page 1094 | 1583 Edition, page 1226[Back to Top]
John Alles

[Ogier]

John Alles was one of the justices who pronounced the sentence of execution for heresy on Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1850 [recte 1838], 1583, p. 1944.

1583 Edition, page 1968
John Andrew (Jean André)

Foxe refers to Jean André as a bookbinder by appointment to the French king Henri II and a spy for the président at the parlement of Paris, Pierre Lizet. In reality, he was a noted libraire in Paris. Foxe's main reference to him concerned his insanity, shortly before his death, an illness which is not confirmed in other sources (1570, p. 2309, 1576, p. 1999, 1583, p. 2108).

1583 Edition, page 2133
John Annand

Canon of St Andrews

John Annand was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

1583 Edition, page 998 | 1583 Edition, page 1283
John ap Howell

John ap Howell was a third claimant to the disputed vicarage of Penbryn, Cardiganshire. (1563, pp. 1089 and 1095; 1583, pp. 1547 and 1551).

[Referred to by Foxe as 'John Ap Powell']

1583 Edition, page 1571[Back to Top]
John Apowel

Former serving man. Of Greenwich.

Hugh Aparry gave meat and drink to Apowel until he could find a position in service. 1570, p. 2302, 1576, p. 1993, 1583, pp. 2102-03.

William Maldon found a primer to read in English. John Apowel mocked Maldon for reading the primer but then suddenly became afraid and asked for God's mercy. Apowel continually cried out that he saw the devil for around six days and so was sent to Bedlam. 1570, p. 2302, 1576, p. 1993, 1583, pp. 2102-03.

1583 Edition, page 2126
John Archer

(1506? - 1556)

Weaver. Of Cranbrook, Kent.

John Archer was imprisoned by Sir John Gilford. 1563, p. 1547, 1570, p. 2140, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1954.

A letter was written by Archer's fellow prisoners stating that he was in danger of starving to death. 1563, pp. 1547-48, 1570, p. 2140, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1954.

He was condemned a prisoner for his beliefs and died of hunger in prison at Canterbury in November 1556. 1563, p. 1547, 1570, p. 2140, 1576, p. 1860, 1583, p. 1954.

1583 Edition, page 1978
John Ardeley

(1525? - 1555)

Husbandman and martyr. Fellow prisoner of Robert Smith.

Accused of heresy and, together with John Simson, Ardeley was brought to London to be tried by Bishop Bonner. 1563, p. 1169; 1570, p. 1754; 1576, p. 1498; 1583, p. 1582.

Articles objected against John Ardeley on 22 May 1555 and his answers to them are recorded. 1563, pp. 1169 and 1170-71; 1570, pp. 1754-55; 1576, pp. 1498-99; 1583, pp. 1582-83.

Ardeley was urged by Bonner to recant, defiantly refused and was condemned on 25 May. 1563, p. 1171; 1570, pp. 1754 and 1755; 1576, p. 1499; 1583, pp. 1582 and 1583.

Ardeley protested that he would give up all that he owned to live in peace under Mary without having to commit idolatry. 1563, p. 1733; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1583.

Ardeley was executed in Rayleigh, Essex, around 10 June 1555 (1563, p. 1172; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1583).

Ardeley sent Anne Smith money. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

1583 Edition, page 1606 | 1583 Edition, page 1725
John Ardley

Foxe refers to John Ardley's examination. 1563, p. 1733, 1583, p. 2131.

[Back to Top]
John Arthur

Parson of Aldham, Suffolk

John Arthur, alias Thacker, inducted to Aldham c. 1539 [R. Freeman Bullen, 'Catalogue of Beneficed Clergy in Suffolk, 1551-1631', Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History 22 (1936), p. 295.]

He was brought into Hadleigh after Mary's accession to celebrate mass. Rowland Taylor disrupted the service, an action which led to his arrest. 1563, pp. 1066-67; 1570, pp. 1693-94; 1576, p. 1446; 1583, p. 1519.

[This may be the Franciscan John Arture who was warden of Canterbury Convent in 1533. Arture was denounced to Thomas Cromwell for preaching a sermon at Herne, Kent, critical of the Vicegerent's policies. Arture fled to Dieppe but was reinstated as warden, only to be deposed by John Cardmaker in 1537. He was dispensed to hold a benefice and change habit on 1 February 1539 (Emden, 1501-1540)].

[Foxe calls him 'Averth'.]

1583 Edition, page 1543
John Ashdon

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of Cattesfield, Sussex.

John Ashdon was accused and examined by Christopherson, Richard Briesly, Robert Tailor, Thomas Paccard, Anthony Clarke, and Alban Langdale. He was condemned and martyred at Chichester in 1557. 1563, p. 1634, 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1815, 1583, p. 2023.

[Possibly related to Mrs. Ashdon.]

1583 Edition, page 2048
John Athee

Bitmaker of Stroud, near Highbury, Middlesex; imprisoned in Westminster gatehouse [Fines]

John Athee was indicted for speaking against the sacrament of the altar. 1563, p. 627; 1570, p. 1410; 1576, p. 1202; 1583, p. 1231.

1583 Edition, page 1255
John Atkins

(d. 1558/59)

Magistrate. Of Norwich. [See Muriel McClendon, The Quiet Reformation (Stamford, California, 1999), pp. 195-96.]

John Atkins persecuted William Hammon and his wife for their refusal to accept catholic ceremonies. 1563, p. 1677.

John Austen

Churchwarden of Adisham. [Duffy, Stripping of the Altars, pp. 528, 161]

Austen treated John Bland badly on Sunday 3 September 1555 (he held him in the vestry during the mass). 1563, pp. 1218-19, 1570, pp. 1843-44, 1576, pp. 1577-78, 1583, pp. 1665-66.

Bland went to see Master Isaac, the justice, about Austen's behaviour, and Isaac directed a warrant to the constable. 1563, p. 1218, 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1665.

John (and his brother Thomas) Austen accused Bland before Nicholas Heath. 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

1583 Edition, page 1689[Back to Top]
John Avales

Described by Foxe as one of Queen Mary's servants. Probably a constable. Of Southwark.

John Lithal was brought for examination by John Avales. 1570, p. 2266, 1576, p. 1957, 1583, p. 2063.

Dabney was brought for examination before Bonner by John Avales. 1563, p. 1696, 1570, p. 2275, 1576, p. 1964, 1583, p. 2071.

Unable to find Dabney, Avales demanded 15 crowns from his wife and eventually left them alone. 1563, p. 1697, 1570, p. 2276, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 2072.

Avales searched for a congregation in London and came close to spotting them. 1570, p. 2278, 1576, p. 1967, 1583, p. 2074.

He talked with two men in Pudding Lane but was unable to locate the underground congregation in the area. 1570, p. 2278, 1576, p. 1967, 1583, p. 2074.

Richard Waterson was apprehended by Roin Caly, John Hill and John Avales and sent before Bonner. 1563, p. 1730 [incorrectly numbered 1703], 1583, p. 2144.

1583 Edition, page 2088 | 1583 Edition, page 2095 | 1583 Edition, page 2098 | 1583 Edition, page 2125 | 1583 Edition, page 2167[Back to Top]
John Avines

Of Lichfield.

John Avines was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979
John Aylmer

(d. 1594)

Archdeacon of Stow, later archdeacon of Lincoln and bishop of London (1577 - 1594) (DNB).

Aylmer is commended as Lady Jane Grey's tutor and a learned man in 1563, p. 901; 1570, p. 1567; 1576, p 1336; and 1583, p. 1406.

Aylmer was one of six clerics - the others were Walter Phillips, James Haddon, John Philpot, Richard Cheyney and Thomas Young - who argued against the Real Presence in the 1553 convocation (1563, pp. 906-7, 912 and 914; 1570, pp. 1571-72 and 1575-76 [recte 1577]; 1576, pp 1340-41 and 1344-45; 1583, pp. 1410-11 and 1414 and 1416; also see Rerum, pp. 215, 217, 224-25 and 228. Cf. John Philpot, The trew report of the dysputacyon had and begonne in the convocacyon hous at London the xviii daye of Octobre MDLIII. [Emden, 1554]. (STC 19890 sigs A3r - A4r, B1r-v, C8r-v, D1r and D7v))

John Aylmer was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

[Also referred to as 'Aelmer', 'Ælmar', 'Elmar', 'Elmer']

1583 Edition, page 1430 | 1583 Edition, page 1434 | 1583 Edition, page 2142
John Babington

John Babington was a witness against Richard Gibson. 1563, p. 1642.

[Back to Top]
John Badby

(d. 1410) [ODNB]

Lollard heretic; craftsman of the diocese of Worcester; denied transubstantiation; burnt at Smithfield; 1st layman to be executed as a result of anti-Lollard legislation [Sawtre was burnt before the legislation]

John Badby was one of those Sir Thomas More in his The Supplication of Purgatory said were railed against by the souls in purgatory. 1570, p. 1156; 1576, p. 990; 1583, p. 1017.

1583 Edition, page 1041
John Baker

(d. 1558)

An Englishman working in Cadiz, Spain. Martyr.

John Baker was apprehended in Seville and burned on 2 November 1558. 1570, p. 2259, 1576, p. 1951, 1583, p. 2058.

1583 Edition, page 1692 | 1583 Edition, page 1893 | 1583 Edition, page 2082
John Baker

Notary

John Baker the notary took part in the examination of John Lomas, Agnes Snotten, Anne Albright, Joan Sole, and Joan Catmer. 1563, p. 1470, 1570, p. 2032, 1576, p. 1751, 1583, p. 1859.

1583 Edition, page 1883[Back to Top]
John Baker

Half-brother of Matthew Parker, archbishop of Canterbury. Matthew Parker's mother married John Baker of Norfolk shortly after being widowed c.1516. [ODNB sub Matthew Parker]

John Baker was present at the examination of Thomas Bilney before his burning and testified that he refused to recant. 1570, p. 1150; 1576, p. 984; 1583, p. 1011.

1583 Edition, page 1035
John Bale

(1489 - 1563) [DNB]

Foxe states that 'maister Bale, in a certayne treatise hath sufficiently paynted out' Bishop Bonner's visitation articles (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p 1403; 1583, p. 1474).

The reference is to John Bale, A declaration of Edmonde Bonners articles ..... 1554 (London, 1561), STC 1289.

1583 Edition, page 1498
John Bale

(1495 - 1563) [ODNB]

Bishop of Ossory, Ireland (1552 - 53); evangelical polemicist, historian, playwright

BTh Cambridge 1529; DTh c. 1531; Carmelite prior of Maldon (1530 - 33), prior of Ipswich (1533 - 34), prior of Doncaster (1534 - 36); priest at Thorndon, Suffolk 1536, married; in exile (1540 - 48, 1553 - 59)

In a letter to Matthew Parker, John Bale included the letter purported to be from Ulrich of Augsburg to Nicholas I. 1570, p. 1319; 1576, p. 1129; 1583, p. 1154.

Bale was one of the authors whose books were banned by the proclamation of 1546. 1563, p. 676; 1570, p. 1427; 1576, p. 1216; 1583, p. 1246.

In a letter to Edward Seymour, Lord Protector, Stephen Gardiner complained of John Bale's books. He said that John Bale regarded Anne Askew as a saint. Bale had written a prayer for John, duke of Saxony. 1563, p. 733; 1583, pp. 1342-43.

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John Bampton

of Otham, Kent; witness against two Kent martyrs; held Lollard meetings in his house in 1509; given penance [R. G. A. Lutton in Lollardy and the Gentry in the Later Middle Ages, M. Aston and C. Richmond (eds.) (New York, 1997)]

John Bampton was a witness against John Browne and Edward Walker. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1276.

1583 Edition, page 1301
John Banks

Of unknown occupation and origin.

At the stake Alice Benden gave her handkerchief to John Banks, asking him to remember her by it. 1570, p. 2168, 1576, p. 1873, 1583, p. 1981.

1583 Edition, page 2005
John Bannes

of Boxley, Kent

John Bannes abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
John Barber

Civilian. Official principal of the archdiocese under Cranmer. [Diarmaid MacCulloch, Thomas Cranmer: A Life (Yale, 1996), p. 318]

A conspiracy against Cranmer was discovered through some letters found, including one by the suffragen of Dover and one by Barber, a civilian, maintained in Cranmer's household as a counsellor in matters of law. 1570, p. 2042, 1576, p. 1761, 1583, p. 1868.

Cranmer spoke with Dover and Barber. Barber said that hanging was too good for villains. They asked for Cranmer's forgiveness. 1570, pp. 2042-43, 1576, p. 1760, 1583, p. 1868.

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John Barker

Of unknown occupation. Of Great Bentley, Essex.

John Barker was one of the cosignatories of a supplication against William Mount, his wife and their daughter, Rose, to Lord Darcy of Chiche, who then delivered the supplication to John Kingston. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Information against Ralph Allerton was provided by Thomas Tye, John Painter, William Harris, John Barker, John Carter, Thomas Candler, Jeffrey Bestwood, John Richard, and Richard Mere, all of Much Bentley. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

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John Barnehouse

Esquire present at the burning of Thomas Benet in 1532

Thomas Carew and John Barnehouse tried, both gently and roughly, to get Thomas Benet to recant at the stake. Barnehouse set fire to a furze bush on a pike and thrust it into Benet's face. 1570, p. 1183; 1576, p. 1012; 1583, p. 1040.

1583 Edition, page 1064
John Barnes

Mercer

Stephen Gardiner accused him of vandalising the statue of Becket which stood over the Mercers' chapel in Cheapside. 1563, p. 1081; 1570, pp. 1705-06; 1576, p. 1456; 1583, p. 1529.

1583 Edition, page 1553[Back to Top]
John Barret

(d. 1563) (Venn)

Former Carmelite friar. Divinity lecturer at Norwich Cathedral. Became evangelical and a close friend of John Bale. [see Leslie Fairfield, John Bale (West Lafayette, Indiana, 1976), pp. 39-40]. Conformed to catholicism under Mary. Rector of the parish of St Michael-at-Plea, Norwich (1550 - 1563). Prebend of Norwich Cathedral (1558 - 1563) [see Muriel McClendon, The Quiet Reformation (Stamford, California, 1999), pp. 68, 70-76, 131, 142, 163-64, 182, 204.]

When Thomas Cranmer was public examiner in Cambridge, one of his students was Barret, a white friar. 1563, p. 1471, 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

Robert Watson was imprisoned in Norwich for two years until he subscribed, possibly under the persuasion of Dr Barret, dean of Norwich. 1563, p. 1679.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W.Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others. 1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

1583 Edition, page 1884
John Barret

(d. 1563) (Venn)

Former Carmelite friar. Divinity lecturer at Norwich Cathedral. Became evangelical and a close friend of John Bale. [see Leslie Fairfield, John Bale (West Lafayette, Indiana, 1976), pp. 39-40]. Conformed to catholicism under Mary. Rector of the parish of St Michael-at-Plea, Norwich (1550 - 1563). Prebend of Norwich Cathedral (1558 - 1563) [see Muriel McClendon, The Quiet Reformation (Stamford, California, 1999), pp. 68, 70-76, 131, 142, 163-64, 182, 204.]

When Thomas Cranmer was public examiner in Cambridge, one of his students was Barret, a white friar. 1563, p. 1471, 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

Robert Watson was imprisoned in Norwich for two years until he subscribed, possibly under the persuasion of Dr Barret, dean of Norwich. 1563, p. 1679.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W.Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others. 1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

1583 Edition, page 2108
John Barrow

One of the priests associated with the Western Rising in 1549

John Barrow was one of the priests said to have been the chief inspirers of the rebellion and who were later executed. 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

He was captured and executed with other rebel leaders in 1549. 1570, p. 1499; 1576, p. 1271; 1583, p. 1308.

1583 Edition, page 1329
John Barry

(fl. 1550 - 1559)

Servant to Master Laurence of Barnhall, Essex. Of London. A leading freewiller.

Barry was probably a participant of the illegal conventicle at Bocking in 1550. (See T S Freeman, 'Dissenters from a dissenting church: the challenge of the freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), p. 130, n. 5.) He was one of 13 freewillers to whom Bradford wrote a letter 14 February 1555 (BL, Add. Ms. 19400, fo. 33r). Along with John Lawrence he argued vigorously with Augustine Bernher, defending free will and denouncing predestination. (T S Freeman, 'Dissenters from a dissenting church: the challenge of the freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), pp. 143, 144). In the autumn of 1555 Barry debated with Christopher Vitels, later the leader of the freewillers of London (ibid., pp. 147, 148).

He was listed in Stephen Morris's confession as a protestant in London who resided with his master at an alehouse in Cornhill. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

John Barwick

(fl. 1543 - 1565)

B.A. (1548/49). Clerk of Magdalen College, 1543 - 1553, chaplain (1553 - 1554). MA (1556), fellow of Trinity College, Oxford (1556 - 1565). Dean of Trinity (1556) (Foster). Apparently resigned his Trinity fellowship in 1565. (See J R Bloxam, A Register of.. Magdalen College, 7 vols [Oxford, 1853-81], II, p. 38.)

Not long before Julins Palmer's death, Barwick, an old acquaintance of his, tried to reason with him and warned him of the fire. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Julins Palmer disputed with Barwick, MA, of Magdalen College, Oxford, who believed Palmer's doctrine would change if threatened with burning. 1583, p. 2141.

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John Barwick

(fl. 1543 - 1565)

B.A. (1548/49). Clerk of Magdalen College, 1543 - 1553, chaplain (1553 - 1554). MA (1556), fellow of Trinity College, Oxford (1556 - 1565). Dean of Trinity (1556) (Foster). Apparently resigned his Trinity fellowship in 1565. (See J R Bloxam, A Register of.. Magdalen College, 7 vols [Oxford, 1853-81], II, p. 38.)

Not long before Julins Palmer's death, Barwick, an old acquaintance of his, tried to reason with him and warned him of the fire. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Julins Palmer disputed with Barwick, MA, of Magdalen College, Oxford, who believed Palmer's doctrine would change if threatened with burning. 1583, p. 2141.

1583 Edition, page 2164
John Bate

(d. 1558)

Barber. Town crier of Ipswich. Persecutor of protestants. Would have liked to have been a priest under Mary but was married.

John Bate was sent with George Manning to seek out Agnes Wardall in the fields near her home. Wardall had escaped into the fields and hidden in a ditch. George Manning discovered where she was and gave her a warning to be still so that his co-searcher, John Bate, did not find her. She remained still and escaped thanks to Manning. 1570, pp. 2124-25, 1576, pp. 1846-47, 1583, pp. 1940-41.

Bate sold his frieze gown that he wore at the execution of Alice Driver and Alexander Gouch, stating that it stank of heretics. God struck him dead three or four weeks later. 1563, p. 1670, 1570, p. 2248, 1576, p. 1942, 1583, p. 2049.

1583 Edition, page 2073
John Bate

(d. 1558)

Barber. Town crier of Ipswich. Persecutor of protestants. Would have liked to have been a priest under Mary but was married.

John Bate was sent with George Manning to seek out Agnes Wardall in the fields near her home. Wardall had escaped into the fields and hidden in a ditch. George Manning discovered where she was and gave her a warning to be still so that his co-searcher, John Bate, did not find her. She remained still and escaped thanks to Manning. 1570, pp. 2124-25, 1576, pp. 1846-47, 1583, pp. 1940-41.

Bate sold his frieze gown that he wore at the execution of Alice Driver and Alexander Gouch, stating that it stank of heretics. God struck him dead three or four weeks later. 1563, p. 1670, 1570, p. 2248, 1576, p. 1942, 1583, p. 2049.

1583 Edition, page 1965[Back to Top]
John Bayly

(d. 1528?) [Emden]

BA Cambridge; one of those called into Cardinal's College, Oxford 1525-26; charged with possession of heretical books in connection with the reforming activities of Thomas Garrett

John Bayly was one of the scholars Wolsey gathered for Cardinal College. He died in prison there after a diet solely of salt fish. 1563, p. 497; 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

1583 Edition, page 1056
John Bean

Apprentice to Richard Tottle, London printer.

Thomas Green told Hussey that John Bean, an apprentice to Tottle, had received a copy of a book called 'Antichrist' from him. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2051.

1583 Edition, page 2085
John Bell

Councillor under Henry VIII

Bell was one of the witnesses of Henry VIII's bill banning heretical books. 1563, pp. 1342-43.

John Bell

(d. 1556) [ODNB]

Dean of the court of arches c. 1517; archdeacon of Gloucester (1518 - 39); vicar-general and chancellor of Worcester (1518 - 39); bishop of Worcester (1539 - 43)

John Bell was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

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John Benglosse

of St Thomas the Apostle; presented in 1541 with 12 others for showing little reverence at mass

John Benglosse was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Benguy

Benguy was one of the witnesses against Robert Ferrar. 1563, p. 1093; 1583, p. 1550.

1583 Edition, page 1574
John Bennet

of Staplehurst, Kent

John Bennet abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
John Bent

(d. 1532) [Fines]

of Urchfont, Wiltshire; tailor; martyr burnt at Devizes

John Bent was burnt for denying transubstantiation. 1570, p. 1172; 1576, p. 1102; 1583, p. 1030.

1583 Edition, page 1054
John Bernard

On 3 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Bernard and John Walsh be apprehended for carrying the bones of the martyr William Pygot around Suffolk and displaying them. 1583, p. 1577.

1583 Edition, page 1601[Back to Top]
John Best

(d. 1570)

Bishop of Carlisle (1561). (DNB)

Foxe refers to his installation at Elizabeth's accession. 1583, p. 2128.

1583 Edition, page 2148
John Beveridge

(d. 1539) [T. S. Freeman, "The Reik of Maister Patrick Hammyltoun": John Foxe, John Winram and the Martyrs of the Scottish Reformation', Sixteenth Century Journal, vol. 27, no. 1 (Spring 1996) p. 47]

Scottish friar; martyr, burnt at Edinburgh for heresy

A summons was directed from David Beaton and George Crichton upon Thomas Forret, John Beveridge, John Kelowe, Duncan Sympson and Robert Foster, along with three or four others from Stirling. They were condemned for heresy without any opportunity to recant and burnt together on the castle hill in Edinburgh. 1570, p. 1442; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1266.

1583 Edition, page 1290
John Bird

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Chester (1542 - 1554) [DNB]

Bird was discharged from parliament and convocation on 5 October 1553 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466. Foxe refers to 'Chester' as 'Westchester'.

He was present at a sharp exchange between Bishop Bonner and Thomas Hawkes. Bird was supposed to converse with Hawkes that evening but he fell asleep during the conversation. 1563, pp. 1152-53; 1570, pp. 1761-62; 1576, pp. 1504-05; 1583, p. 1588

[An account of a disastrous sermon Bird preached, in his capacity as vicar of Dunmow, Essex (a living he retained after he was deprived of his bishopric) is in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 1r-v). Foxe never printed the sermon but it was printed by Strype (EM III, 1, pp. 218-20).]

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John Bird

(d. 1558) [ODNB]

DTh Oxford 1514; provincial of the Carmelites in Bishop's Lynn 1516

Bishop of Penreth (1537 - 39); bishop of Bangor (1539 - 41); bishop of Chester (1541 - 54)

John Bird was one of the persecutors of Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur. 1563, p. 482; 1570, pp. 1134, 1146; 1576, pp. 971, 981; 1583, pp. 998, 1008.

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John Blagg

Wealthy grocer who was Thomas Cranmer's business agent in London

When Ralph Morice, Archbishop Cranmer's secretary, was attempting to retrieve his book from the bearward who had retained it, he approached John Blagg for help. Blagg invited the bearward to dinner and tried to persuade him to part with it. 1570, p. 1356; 1576, p. 1157; 1583, p. 1186.

1583 Edition, page 1210
John Bland

(d. 1555)

Born in Sedbergh, Yorkshire. Preacher and martyr of Adisham in Kent. [ODNB]

Foxe gives an account of Bland's character and early life as schoolmaster. 1563, p. 1218, 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1577, 1583, p. 1665.

Bland was schoolmaster to Edwin Sandys, bishop of Worcester. 1563, p. 1218, 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1577, 1583, p. 1665.

Bland sent a letter to his father. 1563, pp. 1218-19, 1570, pp. 1843-44, 1576, pp. 1577-78, 1583, pp. 1665-66.

He had a confrontation with John Austen on Sunday 3 September (1555) and conversations were held between Bland, Austen and Bland's unnamed clerk.1563, pp. 1218-19, 1570, pp. 1843-44, 1576, pp. 1577-78, 1583, pp. 1665-66.

Bland went to see Master Isaac, the justice, about John Austen's behaviour, who then directed a warrant to the constable. 1563, p. 1218, 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1665.

On Sunday 26 November 1555 Richard Austen accused Bland of being against the queen's proceedings; Thomas called Bland a heretic. 1563, p. 1218,1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1665.

Bland's clerk did not ring the bell for a Sunday service because Master Mylles' servant had informed him that his master had letters from Gardiner that he must go to London. Bland preached in Mylles' place. 1563, p. 1219, 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1666.

Richard Austen claimed to have been involved in rumours about Bland. 1563, p. 1219, 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1666.

Two bills of complaint were made against Bland. Bland sent his testimony to the council via Master Wiseman. 1563, p. 1219, 1570, p. 1844, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1666.

Bland had an altercation with John Austen on Sunday 3 December [1555] when Thomas Austen accused him of heresy. 1563, p. 1219, 1570, p. 1844, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1666.

On 28 December a preacher from Stodmarsh came to Adisham [Bland's parish] to say mass.1563, p. 1219, 1570, p. 1844, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1666.

Bland spoke against the mass and was attacked by the church warden and the warden's son-in-law. Richard Austen had them put Bland in a side chapel until the mass was over. 1563, p. 1220, 1570, p. 1845, 1576, p. 1579, 1583, p. 1666.

Ramsy and Bland were transported to Canterbury to speak with Masters Hardes, Drenden, Spilman, and Tutsam. 1563, p. 1220, 1570, p. 1845, 1576, p. 1579, 1583, p. 1666.

Bland was bound over for the sum of £20 by James Chapman and Bartholomew Joyes to appear at the next general sessions. 1563, p. 1220, 1570, p. 1845, 1576, p. 1579, 1583, p. 1666.

On 23-24 February Sir Thomas Finch, knight, and Justice Hardes sent for Bland and his sureties to Finch's place. Bland was then transferred to the castle of Canterbury at the commandment of Thomas Moyles, where he was imprisoned for ten weeks. He was then bailed to appear at the next Canterbury sessions (but the session was subsequently changed to Ashford) on Thursday 19 May. In the meantime the case was discussed in the consistory court. 1563, p. 1220, 1570, p. 1845, 1576, p. 1579, 1583, p. 1667.

On 28 May Nicholas Harpsfield had the mayor's sergeant bring Bland before him and Robert Collins, in Thornden's house. Talk took place between Harspfield, Collins and Bland. 1563, pp. 1220-21, 1570, pp. 1845-46, 1576, pp. 1579-80, 1583, p. 1667.

On 27 May Bland was due to appear before the consistory court, but was not released. He was therefore bound to appear at the Cranbrook sessions on 3 July. 1563, p. 1221, 1570, p. 1846, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1667.

On 21 May Bland appeared in the chapter house before Nicholas Harspfield. 1563, pp. 1221-23, 1570, pp. 1846-47, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1667.

Bland defended himself against accusations of breaking the law by disputing publicly with a minister. 1563, p. 1222, 1570, 1846, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1667.

Bland asked that Richard Thornden, bishop of Dover, and Robert Collins, commissary, be present at the disputation over the sacrament between Nicholas Harspfield and Bland. 1563, p. 1222, 1570, p. 1846, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

Cyriac Pettit was present during the disputation between Bland and Nicholas Harpsfield on 21 May 1555. 1563, p. 1222, 1570, p. 1846, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

John and Thomas Austen accused Bland before Nicholas Heath. 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

Robert Collins demanded Bland return the following day but Bland did not appear due to urgent business. Bland wrote a letter about this. 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1580, 1583, p. 1668.

Around 28 June Bland returned to Collins, where he proceded against Bland before Master Cockes of Sturray and Markes the apparitor. 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1668.

Bland next appeared at Cranbrook sessions (3 July). 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1668.

Sir John Baker believed Bland to be Scottish, but Bland told him he was English, from Sedbar and brought up by Dr Lupton, the provost of Eton.1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1668.

Bland remained in the jail at Maidstone for around two weeks and then was moved to Rochester. 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1668.

Master Barron, the clerk at Rochester, said that Bland was an 'excommunicat person'. 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1668.

After Master Roper of Lynsted talked with the judges, it was decided that Bland should be returned to Maidstone until the Grenwich sessions of 18-19 February. 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1668.

Bland was taken before Sir John Baker, Master Petit, Master Webbe, and two others whose identity was unknown to Bland. 1563, p. 1223, 1570, p. 1847, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1668.

Sir John Baker and Bland held a conversation about Bland's beliefs 1563, pp. 1223-24, 1570, pp. 1847-48, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, pp. 1668-69.

Master Webbe spoke gently to Bland to urge him to watch what he said. 1563, p. 1224, 1570, p. 1848, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1669.

Bland remained in the castle of Canterbury until 2 March, when he taken to the chapter house of Christ Church (Canterbury), to the suffragen of Canterbury, Master Collins, Master Mylis (Myles) and others, then to Master Oxenden, Master Petit, Master Webbe and Master Hardes (these are all justices). 1563, p. 1224, 1570, p. 1848, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1669.

Bland and his fellow prisoners were sent to Westgate Prison. 1563, p. 1224, 1570, p. 1848, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1669.

Bland was again questioned on 9 March 1555 in the chapter house at Christ Church (Canterbury), where the mayor was called to be an assistance. 1563, p. 1224, 1570, p. 1848, 1576, p. 1581, 1583, p. 1669.

Bland and Collins argued over abiding by the laws of the realm and of the sacrament. 1563, pp. 1224-25, 1570, p. 1849, 1576, pp. 1582-83, 1583, pp. 1669-70.

Bland was once tutor to Dr Faucet. 1563, p. 1227, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1583, 1583, p. 1670.

Thornden stated that Bland had preached many heresies. Faucet was present during this discussion. 1563, p. 1225, 1570, p. 1849, 1576, p. 1582, 1583, p. 1670.

Master Cockes, a lawyer, was called to make Bland give answer on his beliefs in accordance with the law. 1563, p. 1225, 1570, p. 1849, 1576, p. 1582, 1583, p. 1670.

Bland denied transubstantiation and Master Glasier claimed that Bland held the same opinion as the Capernites. 1563, p. 1225, 1570, p. 1849, 1576, p. 1583, 1583, p. 1670.

Faucet stated that he was brought up in the same house and born in the same parish as Bland, and then warned him not to take a stand against the church. Bland dismissed him. 1563, pp. ,1226-6, 1570, p. 1849, 1576,p. 1583, 1583, p. 1670.

Thornden asked Bland if he knew of Oecolompadius and Zwingli, to which Bland responded that he had seen 'parte of their doinges'. 1563, p. 1226, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1583, 1583, p. 1671.

Bland was dismissed until 9 o'clock the following Monday but was offered the opportunity to converse with Faucet or Glasier if he so desired. 1563, p. 1226, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1583, 1583, p. 1671.

Bland was imprisoned with Nicholas Sheterden and Humphrey Middleton. 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1583, 1583, p. 1671.

When Bland claimed that he had been unjustly imprisoned, Oxenden claimed that Bland was put in prison for a seditious sermon and for troubling a priest at mass. 1563, pp. 1226-7, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1584, 1583, p. 1671.

Bland claimed that after his first ten weeks in prison, he was then unjustly imprisoned under the accusation of disobeying his bishop. 1563, p. 1227, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1584, 1583, p. 1671.

Bland heard that his fellow prisoner, Miller, a clothier, was excommunicated and then set free. 1563, p. 1227, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1584, 1583, p. 1671.

Master Mylles, priest of Canterbury, confronted Bland over eucharistic doctrine. 1563, pp. 1227-28, 1570, pp. 1850-51, 1576, p. 1585, 1583, pp. 1671-72.

Bland talked with Mylles of Canterbury about transubstatiation. 1570, pp. 1850-51, 1576, pp. 1583-84, 1583, pp. 1671-72.

On 13 June (1555) Bland was brought before Richard Thornden, Robert Collins and Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1229, 1570, pp. 1851-52, 1576, pp. 1585-86, 1583, p. 1672.

On 20 June, Bland was reexamined, his articles read by the Richard Thornden. Bland's answers were made and condemnation given. 1563, pp. 1229-30, 1570, p. 1852, 1576, p. 1582, 1583, pp. 1672-73.

Bland was condemned with Sheterden and Middleton on 25 June 1555. 1570, p. 1856, 1576, p. 1588, 1583, pp. 1675-76.

On 12 July 1555 Bland was burned with John Frankesh, Nicholas Sheterden and Humphrey Middleton at Canterbury. 1563, p. 1217, 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1577, 1583, p. 1665.

Bland said a prayer before his death. 1563, p. 1230, 1570, p. 1852, 1576, p. 1585, 1583, p. 1673.

1583 Edition, page 1689
John Blomfield

Husbandman. Of Cornfield, Suffolk.

John Blomfield was forced to flee Cornfield for not attending mass. 1563, p. 1677.

[Possibly related to Robert Blomfield.]

[Back to Top]
John Blumston

(d. 1485?)

Of Coventry.

John Blumston was accused of and tried for heresy. 1563, p. 1734.

John Bolton

Silkweaver of Reading, Berkshire.

Bolton was apprehended in the investigation following the placing of a libel against the mass on the church door at Reading during Lent 1554. Bolton was suspected of being the libeller (although John Moyer was actually the culprit). When questioned Bolton declared that the mass was against the word of God and he was imprisoned. Stephen Gardiner came through Reading and interviewed Bolton, who reproved Gardiner. The Bishop ordered that Bolton be kept in prison on bread and water. Bolton was placed in a pair of stocks in a dungeon. The gaoler tormented him, particularly by intercepting food sent to Bolton by friends and eating it himself or throwing it to the dogs. Bolton was confined in the dungeon for a year and ten weeks, and he went mad. Sir Francis Englefield, and his brother, had Bolton discharged because of his insanity. Foxe states that the story was confirmed by letters to him by witnesses in Reading and by interviewing Bolton himself (1563, pp. 1017-18; never reprinted).

Another native of Reading, Thomas Thackham, wrote to Foxe that Bolton was actually imprisoned for railing against Mary and that he merely feigned madness (BL, Harley MS 428, fol 18v; printed in J. G. Nichols, ed., Narratives of the Days of the Reformation, Camden Society, Original Series 77 (London, 1859), p. 96).

Bolton's release was also controversial. John Moyer, the real author of the libel, wrote to Foxe stating that Thackham had induced Bolton to recant (and implied that this led to Bolton's release) (Strype, EM III, 2, pp. 427-30). Thackham claimed in a letter to Foxe that he provided sureties to secure Bolton's release, which he forfeited when Bolton fled abroad (BL, Harley 425, fols 18v-19r; printed in Nichols, Narratives, p. 97). Also one of Thackham's critics wrote to Foxe agreeing that Bolton had fled but declaring that no sureties were paid or forfeited (BL, Harley MS 425, fols. 33v-34r; printed in Nichols, Narratives, p. 90).

What is certain is that Bolton fled to Geneva (C. H. Garrett, The Marian Exiles: A Study in the Origins of Elizabethan Protantism (Cambridge, 1938), pp. 94-95).

After Mary's death, Bolton returned to London and was a member of the dissenting Plumber's Hall congregation in 1567 (Champlin Burrage, The Early English Dissenters in the Light of Recent Research (2 vols, Cambridge, 1912), I, p. 88).

Bolton apparently recanted and was excommunicated by the Plumber's Hall congregation. He subsequently hanged himself (Patrick Collinson, The Elizabethan Puritan Movement (London, 1967), p. 90).

John Moyer wrote Master Perry a letter which referred to John Bolton, Downer, Gately, Radley (now vicar of St Lawrence), Bowyer (a tanner) and Julins Palmer (who was indicted by Thackham). 1583, p. 2140.

1583 Edition, page 2164
John Boote

of Calais

After an exhaustive inquisition for heretics, John Boote was one of those brought before the commissioners in Calais in 1540, charged and imprisoned. 1570, p. 1404; 1576, p. 1197; 1583, p. 1227.

1583 Edition, page 1251
John Booth

Vicar of Britwell, Buckinghamshire [now Berkshire]

Alice Doly was accused by her servant of having caused John Booth to read books against pilgrimages. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

1583 Edition, page 1008
John Borsley, the younger

Of Lichfield.

John Borsley the younger was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979[Back to Top]
John Boswell

Bonner's scribe.

John Boswell took part in the examination of several prisoners at Colchester on 23 June 1557. 1563, p. 1607, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1899, 1583, p. 2007.

He took part in the examination of several prisoners in Colchester on 19 October 1557. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

He wrote to Bonner on 24 October 1557 enclosing the depositions of several prisoners in Colchester. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

The prisoners in Colchester referred to by Boswell in his letter to Bonner were: Elizabeth Wood, Christian Hare, Rose Fletcher, Joan Kent, Agnes Stanley, and Margaret Simson. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

1583 Edition, page 2030 | 1583 Edition, page 2031
John Boswell [or Buswell]

Buswell, a priest, spoke to Edward Benet while they were imprisoned together and gave him a copy of Cranmer's recantation. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

1583 Edition, page 2099
John Boultes

of St Michael at Queenhythe; presented in 1541 for forbidding his wife to use the rosary

John Boultes was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Bourchier

(d. 1561)

Earl of Bath [Complete Peerage]; privy councillor

He was a signatory to a letter from the privy council to Bonner, dated 27 November 1554, informing the bishop that Queen Mary was pregnant and ordering him to have prayers and Te Deums said throughout his diocese (1563, pp. 1014-15; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-76).

[Also referred to as John Bathon]

1583 Edition, page 1500[Back to Top]
John Boxall

(d. 1571)

DD (1558). Archdeacon and prebend of Ely, Winchester, St Paul's. Dean of Windsor (1554). Dean of Peterbrough (1557). Dean of Norwich and Windsor (1557). Registrar of the Order of the Garter (1557 - 1558). Prebend of York and Salisbury (1558). Removed as Secretary of State to make way for William Cecil. Committed to the Tower by Matthew Parker (1560) (DNB)

Elizabeth stayed in John Boxall's house for one night on her way through Windsor. 1563, p. 1713, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2290.

He was imprisoned in the Tower after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1993.

1583 Edition, page 2126
John Bradford

(1510? - 1555)

Protestant divine. Martyr. Of Manchester. [DNB]

Foxe gives an account of Bradford's birth, early life and education. 1563, p. 1172, 1570, p. 1779, 1576, p. 1520 , 1583, p. 1603.

Martin Bucer exhorted Bradford to preach and join the ministry. 1563, pp. 1172-73, 1570, pp. 1779-80, 1576, p. 1520 , 1583, p. 1603.

Bradford was persuaded to enter the ministry by Ridley. Foxe provides an account of Bradford's ordination and early career under Edward. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1520, 1583, pp. 1603-04.

He was deprived under Mary. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1520, 1583, p. 1604.

On 13 August 1553 Bradford saved Bishop Bourne from a riotous crowd when the bishop preached at Paul's Cross. (1563, pp. 904-5, 1173; 1570, pp. 1570, 1780; 1576, pp. 1339, 1520; and 1583, pp. 1497 (recte 1409), 1604).

One Sunday Bradford preached at the St Mary le Bow Church in Cheapside, reproving people for their 'sedicious misdeamenour'. He was accused of sedition in 1553 and committed to the Tower. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1521, 1583, p. 1604.

Bradford was committed to the Tower by the privy council on 16 August 1553 together with Thomas Becon and 'M. Vernon' [Jean Veron], (1583, p 1497, (recte 1409)). Another mention of Bradford being sent to the Tower, together with Veron and Becon, on 16 August 1553 is in 1570, p. 1634; 1576, p 1395; 1583, p. 1465.

He was sent to the King's Bench in Southwark and later to the Counter, Poultry Street, London. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1521, 1583, p. 1604.

Rowland Taylor was imprisoned with him in the King's Bench. Taylor told his friends that Bradford was an angel of God sent to comfort him (1563, p. 1570; 1570, p. 1696; 1576, p. 1448; 1583, p. 1521).

In a letter William Tyms wrote to 'God's faithful servants', he named his fellow prisoners in the King's Bench as Robert Ferrar, Rowland Taylor, John Philpot, John Bradford and five other Sussex men. 1570, p. 2082, 1576, p. 1795, 1583, p. 1902.

Bradford became ill whilst incarcerated. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1521, 1583, p. 1604.

He received the sacrament whilst incarcerated. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1521, 1583, p. 1604.

Foxe gives an account of Bradford's character and behaviour. 1563, p. 1174, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1521, 1583, p. 1604.

Bradford was generous with his money towards fellow prisoners. 1563, p. 1174, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1521, 1583, p. 1604.

Foxe describes the conditions of Bradford's imprisonment. 1563, p. 1174, 1570, p. 1781, 1576, p. 1521, 1583, p. 1604.

Ridley reported to Cranmer, in a letter written in the aftermath of the Oxford disputations in April 1554, that Crome, Rogers and Bradford would be taken to Cambridge for a disputation on similar lines to that held in Oxford (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p 1394; 1583, p. 1464; not in LM). It was rumored in May 1554 that Bradford, Saunders and John Rogers would be in a disputation to be held at Cambridge (1570, p. 1639; 1576, p 1399; 1583, p. 1469). Bradford was one of the signatories to a letter of 8 May 1554 protesting against the proposed disputation. The letter is printed in 1563, pp. 1001-3; 1570, pp. 1639-41; 1576, pp. 1399-1400; 1583, pp. 1469-71.

On 6 May 1554, John Hooper sent Robert Ferrar, John Philpot, John Bradford and Rowland Taylor a letter discussing a proposed disputation in Cambridge in which they would represent the protestants. 1570, p. 1687; 1576, p. 1440; 1583, p. 1513.

Laurence Saunders sent a letter to him and his fellow prisoners Robert Ferrar, John Philpot and Rowland Taylor (1570, pp. 1671-72; 1576, p. 1426; 1583, p. 1500).

Ferrar would have taken the sacrament if not for Bradford's intervention. 1563, p. 1174, 1570, p. 1781, 1576, p. 1521, 1583, p. 1604.

Bradford's final days and execution are described. 1563, p. 1174-75, 1570, p. 1781, 1576, pp. 1521-22, 1583, p. 1604.

Bradford was examined after the lord chancellor and his commission had finished their talk with Ferrar. 1563, p. 1185, 1570, p. 1782, 1576, p. 1522, 1583, p. 1605.

Bradford was brought to speak to Bonner by the under-marshal of the King's Bench. Talk and communication took place between the lord chancellor, Bonner and John Bradford on 22 January 1555, during which the bishop of Durham, Sir Richard Southwell, Sir Robert Rochester, and Secretary Bourne questioned Bradford's eucharistic doctrine. 1563, pp. 1185-88, 1570, pp. 1782-84, 1576, pp. 1522-23, 1583, pp. 1605-06.

Secretary Bourne declared that Bradford had caused much trouble with letters, as had been reported to him by the earl of Derby. 1563, p. 1186, 1570, p. 1783, 1576, p. 1523, 1583, p. 1606.

Bourne asked Bradford if the letters were seditious, but Bradford claimed they were not. 1563, p. 1187, 1570, p. 1783, 1576, p. 1523, 1583, p. 1606.

The bishop of Worcester was present at this examination. 1563, p. 1187, 1570, p. 1784, 1576, p. 1523, 1583, p. 1606.

The under-marshall was called to take watch over Bradford and was told to make sure that Bradford wrote no letters. 1563, p. 1187, 1570, p. 1784, 1576, p. 1523, 1583, p. 1606.

Bradford was examined on 29 January 1555 before Bonner. 1563, pp. 1185-92, 1570, pp. 1782-87, 1576, pp. 1524-26, 1583, pp. 1607-09.

Thomas Hussey met Bradford and spoke with him after his first examination. He told him that he could organise an escape for him, and that all those who had witnessed the examination could see that they had not reason to hold Bradford, yet Bradford did not want any assistance. 1563, p. 1191, 1570, p. 1786, 1576, p. 1525, 1583, p. 1609.

During the conversation between Hussey and Bradford, Doctor Seton entered the room, and spoke a 'long sermon of my Lord Canterbury, M. Latimer, and M, Ridley'. He acknowledged that Latimer and Ridley were not able to answer anything at all at their examinations, and that Canterbury desired to confer with Durham and others, saying that Bradford should make a like suit, to which Seton received no agreement from Bradford. Seton berated Bradford for his attitude, and claimed that Bonner could be charitable. 1563, p. 1191, 1570, p. 1786, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1609.

Bradford was brought before Stephen Gardiner at St Mary Overy's on 29 January 1555 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

Bradford's second examination took place directly after the excommunication of John Rogers. 1563, pp. 1185, 1570, p. 1784, 1576, p. 1524, 1583, p. 1607.

Gardiner told Bradford that he would be handed over to the secular authorities if he did not follow the example of Barlow and Cardmaker. 1563, p. 1188, 1570, p. 1784, 1576, p. 1524, 1583, p. 1607.

During Bradford's second examination, Doctor Seton described Ridley and Latimer as being unable to answer anything at all at their examinations. 1570, p. 1786, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1607.

Gardiner spoke on the subject of Bradford's allegedly seditious letters, referring to a report given by the earl of Derby. Bradford claimed that he had been denied paper, pen and ink. 1563, p. 1190, 1570, p. 1786, 1576, p. 1525, 1583, p. 1609.

Bradford was taken to St Mary Overyes church and stayed there until early morning after his second examination. 1563, p. 1191, 1570, p. 1787, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1609.

Bradford's last examination took place directly after the excommunication of Laurence Saunders. 1563, pp. 1192, 1195, 1570, p. 1787, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1609.

Mr Chamberlaine told Gardiner that Bradford had served Harrington, to which Gardiner answered that Bradford deceived Harrington out of ?7, and claimed that this was why Bradford left his service. Bradford said this was slanderous. 1563, p. 1197, 1570, p. 1788, 1576, p. 1527, 1583, p. 1610.

The bishop of London referred to Bradford's letter to Mr Pendleton as proof of his heresy. A clerk named Allen then reminded Gardiner of Bradford's letters to Lancashire. 1563, p. 1197, 1570, p. 1788, 1576, p. 1527, 1583, p. 1610.

Bradford and Gardiner debated transubstantiation and Bradford denied Christ's presence in the bread and wine. The bishops and council discussed Luther, Zwingli and Oecolampadius. A bishop asked Bradford if he received Christ's body to which he said that he did not. 1563, p. 1197, 1570, p. 1789, 1576, p. 1528, 1583, p. 1611.

In his last examination Bradford was also questioned by the bishop of Worcester. 1563, p. 1197, 1570, p. 1789, 1576, p. 1528, 1583, p. 1611.

Gardiner excommunicated Bradford. 1563, p. 1198, 1570, p. 1789, 1576, p. 1528, 1583, p. 1611.

He was excommunicated and sentenced to death by Stephen Gardiner on 30 January 1555 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p 1412; 1583, p. 1483; also see 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24).

Bradford was handed over to the sheriff of London and taken to the Clink. He was then taken to the Counter in the Poultry, and it was intended that he be handed to the earl of Derby and burned in Manchester, but these original plans were altered and he was burned in London. 1563, p. 1199, 1570, pp. 1789-90, 1576, p. 1528,1583, p. 1611.

On 4 February 1555, after the condemnation of Bradford, Bonner went to the Counter to degrade Master Taylor but spoke to Bradford first. 1563, p. 1199, 1570, p. 1790, 1576, p. 1528, 1583, p. 1612.

Rowland Taylor told Bradford that he threatened to strike Bishop Bonner as he (Taylor) was being degraded (1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1451; 1583, p. 1524).

On 4 February 1555 Bonner took Harpsfield to speak with John Bradford, who was imprisoned after his excommunication. 1563, p. 1199, 1570, p. 1790, 1576, p. 1528, 1583, p. 1612.

In February 1555 Willerton, a chaplain to Bishop Bonner, went to speak with John Bradford in prison. They discussed the doctors and scripture and agreed that each would write down his own arguments over transubstantiation. Willerton sent his few sparse answers to Bradford the next morning and went to see him in the afternoon. They discussed whether or not the scriptures should be in the vernacular. Bradford gave Willerton his answers on transubstantiation and told Willerton to form his answers as reasons. 1563, pp. 1199-1200. Willerton was with Creswell, Harding, Harpsfield and others. 1570, p. 1790, 1576, p. 1528, 1583, p. 1612.

On 12 February 1555 a servant of the earl of Derby went to see Bradford in prison. He asked Bradford to tender himself, and what his answer would be if Derby petitioned the queen to have Bradford sent overseas. Bradford refused, as he believed he would only end up being burned in Paris or Louvain, instead of in England, which was where he wished to die. 1563, p. 1200, 1570, p. 1790, 1576, p. 1529, 1583, p. 1612.

On 14 February 1555 Percival Creswell, an old acqauintance of Bradford's, went to visit Bradford in prison. He offered to make suit for Bradford. He returned later, at 11 o'clock, with another man and gave Bradford a book by More, desiring him to read it. He told Bradford that the lords of York, Lincoln and Bath wished to speak with him. Then at 3 o'clock the same day, Dr Harding, the bishop of Lincoln's chaplain, went to see Bradford in prison. Harding talked of his fear for Bradford's soul, and that he himself had spoke against Peter Martir, Martin Bucer, Luther and others for their beliefs. 1563, p. 1200, 1570, pp. 1790-91, 1576, p. 1529, 1583, pp. 1612-13.

On 15 February 1555 Percival Cresswell and another man went to see Bradford once more. Harspfield discussed with Bradford the way to enter the kingdom of heaven and also baptism. 1563, pp. 1200-01. In 1570 the date is given as 25 February. 1563, p. 1200, 1570, p. 1791, 1576, p. 1529, 1583, p. 1613.

On 16 February 1555 John Harpsfield and two others went to see Bradford in prison, to defend the line of bishops in the catholic church. Bradford refuted the argument. 1563, pp. 1202-03, 1570, pp. 1792-93, 1576, pp. 1530-31, 1583, pp. 1614-15.

On 23 February 1555 the archbishop of York (Nicholas Heath) and the bishop of Chichester (George Day) went to the Counter to speak with Bradford. 1563, pp. 1204-08, 1570, pp. 1794-97, 1576, pp. 1532-34, 1583, pp. 1615-17.

Bradford was asked by Heath and Day to read a book that did Dr Crome good. 1563, p. 1208, 1570, p. 1797, 1576, 1524, 1583, p. 1617.

On 25 February , at about 8am, two Spanish friars visited Bradford in the Counter. One of them was the king's confessor, the other was Alphonsus, who had written against heresies. Their conversation was held in Latin. 1563, pp. 1208-11, 1570, pp. 1797-98, 1576, pp. 1534-36, 1583, pp. 1617-19.

On 25 February, at about 5pm, Master Weston visited Bradford and asked to speak with him in private. When the two men were alone, Weston thanked Bradford for his writings to him and then produced the work that Bradford had sent him. It was entitled, 'Certayne reasons againste Transubstantiation gathered by John Bradforde, and geuen to Doctour weston and others'. 1563, p. 1212. They discussed transubstantiation. 1563, pp. 1211-12, 1570, pp. 1801-02. [Note that in 1570 this meeting is dated as the afternoon of 28 March. 1570, p. 1800.]

On 21 March 1555 Bradford talked with Dr Weston, after being told of Weston's intention to visit by the earl of Derby's servant (when master Collier, warden of Manchester, had come to dinner at the Counter). 1576, p. 1536. Bradford and Weston spoke to each other in the presence of Master Collier, the earl of Derby's servant, the subdean of Westminster, the keeper (Master Clayden), and others. 1570, pp. 1799-80, 1576, pp. 1536-37, 1583, pp. 1619-20.

Bradford wrote his religious convictions down for Weston, and on or around 28 March 1555 Dr Pendleton, Master Colier (sometime warden of Manchester) and Stephen Beche visited Bradford in the Counter. 1563, p. 1213, 1570, p. 1800, 1576, p. 1537, 1583, p. 1620.

Bradford questioned Pendleton as to why Pendleton changed his religion. 1563, pp. 1213-14, 1570, p. 1800, 1576, p. 1537, 1583, p. 1620.

Foxe states that he omitted the talk that Bradford and Pendleton had of 'my lord of Canterbury, of Peter Martirs boke, of Pendleto[n']s letter laid to Bradford.' 1563, p. 1214, 1570, p. 1800, 1576, p. 1537, 1583, p. 1620.

Bradford's reasons against transubstantiation were given to Weston and others. 1563, pp. 1211-12, 1570, pp. 1800-01, 1576, pp. 1537-38, 1583, pp. 1620-21.

Weston told Bradford of what he had done for Grimald, who had subscribed. 1563, p. 1212, 1570, p. 1801, 1576, p. 1538, 1583, p. 1621.

On 5 April, at 2pm, Weston went to visit Bradford in the Counter. Weston had not visited him earlier due to ill health and also because he had been busy withstanding monks from entering Westminster. He also thought that Pendleton would be coming to see him. Weston told Bradford that the pope was dead and that Weston had petitioned the queen and so thought that death would not come to Bradford soon. 1570, p. 1802, 1576, pp. 1538-39, 1583, pp. 1621-22.

As Weston left Bradford on 5 April, he sent for Master Weale. 1570, p. 1802, 1576, p. 1539, 1583, p. 1622.

After Weston left Bradford on 5 April, the keeper, Master Claydon, and Steven Bech came to Bradford and spoke unkindly to him even though they had hitherto appeared to be friendly to him. 1570, p. 1802, 1576, pp. 1538-39, 1583, pp. 1621-22.

Bradford spoke to the servant of an unnamed gentlewoman, misused by her family for not going mass, who visited Bradford while he was in prison. [Note that Foxe says that the gentlewoman is still alive and so does not give her name, but simply records the conversation between the servant and Bradford.] 1570, pp. 1802-03, 1576, pp. 1539-40, 1583, pp. 1622-23.

Bradford told the servant of the unnamed gentlewoman that he had read the work of Friar Fonse. 1570, p. 1803, 1576, p. 1539, 1583, p. 1622.

The servant of the unnamed gentlewoman gave Bradford greetings from Cardmaker. 1570, p. 1803, 1576, p. 1539, 1583, p. 1622.

The servant of the unnamed gentlewoman told Bradford that she saw a priest come to him in the morning and Bradford told her that he had brought a letter from a friar, to which he was replying. 1570, p. 1803, 1576, p. 1539, 1583, p. 1622.

Rowland Tayor joked to Bradford as he was about to be led away to execution (1563, p. 1080; 1570, p. 1703; 1576, p. 1454; 1583, p. 1527).

Foxe describes Bradford's behaviour at his burning at Smithfield. 1563, p. 1215, 1570, pp. 1804-05, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

Sheriff Woodruff chided Bradford at his burning. When Woodruff went home after the burning of John Bradford, he became paralysed in his legs and arms. 1563, p. 1215, 1570, pp. 1804-05, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1624.

Bradford sent Anne Smith money. 1563, pp. 1266-7, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

He was described as a faithful witness of Christ by Robert Glover in a letter to his wife.1563, pp. 1273-80, 1570, p. 1886-89, 1576, pp. 1615-19, 1583, pp. 1710-12.

Bradford was one of the authors of a petition to Philip and Mary asking them for a chance to debate the rectitude of the Edwardian religious reforms. The petition is printed in 1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1483.

Bradford's letter to John Treves, dated February 1548. [BL Harley 416, fos.33r-34r. Not printed in AM or LM.]

Bradford's letter to John Treves, dated Christmas 1549. [BL, Harley 416, fo.37v. Not printed in AM or LM.]

Bradford's letter to an unnamed gentleman or noble, written during Lent 1549. [BL Harley 416, fo.37r. Not printed in AM or LM.]

Letters of Bradford: 1563, pp. 1176-85, 1570, pp. 1805-40, 1576, pp. 1541-75, 1583, pp. 1624-64.

Ridley and his fellow prisoners sent a letter to Bradford and his fellow prisoners in the King's Bench. 1563, pp. 1894-95, 1570, pp. 1896-97, 1576, pp. 1624, 1583, pp. 1724-25.

Ridley wrote a letter to Bradford. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1897, 1576, pp. 1624-25, 1583, p. 1725.

Ridley wrote a letter to Bradford and his fellow prisoners, in which Ridley spoke of his love for Taylor. The bearer of the letter to Bradford was Punt, who also carried Hooper's letters. 1570, pp. 1897-98, 1576, pp. 1625-26, 1583, p. 1725.

Another letter was written by Ridley to Bradford. 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1626, 1583, p. 1726.

Grindal wrote to Ridley from his exile in Frankfort, to which letter Ridley replied. He mentioned his imprisonment with Cranmer, Latimer and Bradford. 1570, pp. 1901-02, 1576, pp. 1628-30, 1583, pp. 1729-30.

Foxe includes Ridley's lamentation for a change in religion, in which he makes reference to Latimer, Lever, Bradford and Knox, as well as Cranmer and their part in the duke of Somerset's cause. 1570, pp. 1945-50, 1576, pp. 1670-78, 1583, pp. 1778-1784.

Bradford received a letter from John Careless. 1570, pp. 2104-05, 1576, pp. 1815-16, 1583, p. 1922-23.

Bradford wrote a letter to Careless. 1570, p. 2105, 1576, p. 1816, 1583, p. 1923.

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John Bradley

Blacksmith of Colchester He and his wife were charged in 1528 [Fines]

John Bradley and his wife, along with many others, abjured. 1570, p. 1191; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1048.

1583 Edition, page 1072[Back to Top]
John Bradshaw

(by 1489 - 1567)

JP, MP (1545), Sheriff of Radnorshire (1542 - 1543, 1553 - 1554, 1564 - 1565) [Bindoff, Commons. He was not a JP in 1555.]

One of the JPs of Radnorshire who suppressed a riotous assembly gathered to oppose Stephen Green's collation in the prebend of Llanbister. 1563, p. 1086; 1583, p. 1545.

1583 Edition, page 1569
John Bray

Churchwarden of St Margaret's, Westminster

Bray deposed that William Flower attacked a priest in St Margaret's, Westminster, on Easter Sunday 1555. 1563, p. 1183; 1570, p. 1748; 1576, p. 1493; 1583, p. 1576.

1583 Edition, page 1600
John Brice

Protestant exile under Mary who returned home.

Thomas Brice came home from Wesel with his elder brother John to their father's house and intended to warn Springfield of the danger nearly upon him, when they themselves came close to capture. Servants at an inn allowed them to escape through a secret passage and take a barge out of town. Springfield successfully avoided capture also. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

[Thomas Brice had two older brothers called John. See F. G. Emmison, ed., Essex Wills 1558 - 1565 (Washington DC, 1982), no.486. It is impossible to say which John Brice this is.]

1583 Edition, page 2106
John Bridges

Farmer? Of Kingswood, Wiltshire.

John Maundrel probably tended Bridges' cattle during Mary's reign. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

1583 Edition, page 1918
John Browne

(d. 1511) [N. P. Tanner,'Penances Imposed on Kentish Lollards by Archbishop Warham, 1511-12', Lollardy and the Gentry in the Later Middle Ages, M. Aston and C. Richmond (eds.) (New York, 1997), p. 233]

Burnt at Ashford; father of Richard Browne, near martyr; convicted of heresy in 1499, abjured

John Browne was sentenced to bear a faggot in 1504. 1570, p. 1480; 1576, p. 1255; 1583, p. 1293.

John Browne began debating with a priest in a barge going to Gravesend. The priest reported him to Archbishop Warham. He was apprehended on the day his wife was churched following childbirth when they were entertaining guests. He was taken to Canterbury, imprisoned and tortured. He was returned to Ashford the day before his burning and placed in the stocks. The following day he was burnt. 1570, p. 1480; 1576, p. 1255; 1583, pp. 1292-93.

John Browne and Edward Walker were condemned to burn for heresy in 1511 in Kent. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1277.

1583 Edition, page 1300 | 1583 Edition, page 1316
John Browne

of St Alban's parish; charged in 1541 with bearing with Barnes [Fines]

John Browne was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Brusyerd

Dominican friar of Ipswich in 1531

Thomas Bilney and John Brusyerd entered into a dialogue on images in Ipswich around the time of Bilney's examination. 1563, pp. 474-79; 1570, pp. 1138-40; 1576, pp. 975-76; 1583, pp. 1001-03.

1583 Edition, page 1022 | 1583 Edition, page 1025
John Buckherst

of Staplehurst, Kent; one of the last group of William Warham's victims [Thomson]

John Buckherst abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302[Back to Top]
John Bullingham

(d. 1598)

Chaplain to the bishop of Winchester during Mary's reign. Bishop of Gloucester. [DNB]

John Bullingham wrote a letter, dated 26 April 1562, about Julins Palmer's conversion and his own. He mentioned Palmer's reading of Calvin. 1563, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1935.

1583 Edition, page 1959
John Burton

Brewer

Burton testified that Robert Bromley told him about John Tooley's prayer denouncing the pope and that Bromley showed him a copy of the prayer. Burton, in turn, showed the prayer to members of Sir William Chester's household. 1563, p. 1145; 1570, p. 1758; 1576, p. 1501; 1583, p. 1585.

1583 Edition, page 1609
John Bushe

of St Martin's at the Well with two buckets; one of 11 presented in 1541 for condemning church ceremonies [Fines]

John Bushe was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Butler

BCL, chaplain to Henry VIII; Cranmer's commissary in Calais by 1534; supported Adam Damplip in 1538; removed from Calais in 1539; imprisoned in the Marshalsea for nine months [Fines; Lisle Letters]

After the pope had had a notice posted on the church door in Dunkirk ordering the king to cease his pursuit of a divorce from Queen Catherine, John Butler took it down on the king's orders. This was followed by the posting of a notice of interdict of the king and realm, which Butler was also sent to remove. 1570, p. 1200; 1576, p. 1027; 1583, p. 1055.

John Butler was one of those accused of heresy to the privy council by councillors of Calais. 1563, p. 661; 1570, p. 1401; 1576, p. 1195; 1583, p. 1224.

He was accused by Richard Thorpe and John Ford, soldiers of Calais. John Butler and William Smith were taken into England from Calais and were sent to the privy council to answer charges of heresy and sedition and then taken to the Fleet. They were then brought for examination before John Clerk, Richard Sampson and William Rugg. Butler was eventually discharged and sent home, but deprived of his office. 1570, p. 1404; 1576, p. 1197; 1583, p. 1226.

Adam Damplip was sent to the mayor's prison in Calais along with John Butler and the curate Daniel. There were orders that no one was to speak to Butler. 1570, p. 1407; 1576, p. 1199; 1583, p. 1229.

After the execution of Damplip, Massie returned to England with John Butler and Daniel the curate, who were imprisoned in the Marshalsea. They stayed there nine months until, with his brother-in-law and Sir Leonard Musgrave standing surety, he was released and eventually allowed to return to Calais. 1570, p. 1407; 1576, p. 1200; 1583, p. 1229.

1583 Edition, page 1079 | 1583 Edition, page 1247 | 1583 Edition, page 1250
John Byrch

Priest of St Botolph's; a 'busy reasoner' charged in 1541 [Fines]

John Byrch was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1177; 1583, p. 1205.

1583 Edition, page 1229
John Cadman

Curate. Of Derby.

John Cadman testified to the events surrounding the death of Joan Waste. 1570, p. 2138, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1953.

1583 Edition, page 1977
John Calvin

Reformer of Geneva and leading protestant theologian [H. Hillerbrand (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation, 1996]

During his fifth examination, Philpot asked his examiners which of them could answer Calvin's Institutions, to which Saverson replied that the Genevan church had fragmented and that Calvin had fled. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

1583 Edition, page 1828
John Capgrave

(1393 - 1464) [ODNB]

Augustinian friar; BTh Cambridge 1423; MTh 1425; prior of Bishop's Lynn; theologian; historian

Capgrave wrote a biography of Oswald, bishop of Worcester. 1570, p. 1301; 1576, p. 1114; 1583, p. 1139.

1583 Edition, page 1163[Back to Top]
John Capon

(d. 1557)

Bishop of Salisbury (1539 - 1557). (DNB)

John Capon was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

Cranmer was asked by Dr Capon to be a founding fellow of Wolsey's college. 1563, p. 1471, 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

John Capon examined John Maundrel, John Spicer and William Coberley. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

The examinations of John Hunt and Richard White before the bishops of Salisbury and Gloucester (Brookes and Capon), Dr. Geffre (chancellor) took place on 26 April 1557. 1570, p. 2254, 1576, p. 1947, 1583, p. 2054.

Foxe says that John Capon died shortly before the death of Mary. [He died on 6 October 1557.] 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

[Alias Salcot.]

1583 Edition, page 1547 | 1583 Edition, page 1884 | 1583 Edition, page 1918 | 1583 Edition, page 2078 | 1583 Edition, page 2124[Back to Top]
John Capon (Salcot)

(d. 1557) [ODNB]

Benedictine monk; BTh Cambridge 1512; DTh 1515; prior of St John's by 1517; abbot of St Benet of Hulme, Norfolk (1517 - 30); abbot of Hyde Abbey, Winchester (1530 - 39); bishop of Bangor (1534 - 39); bishop of Salisbury (1539 - 57)

John Capon was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Capon was one of the persecutors of Robert Testwood, Henry Filmer and Anthony Pearson. 1570, p. 1386; 1576, p. 1182; 1583, p. 1211.

William Symonds complained of Henry Filmer to the mayor and then to the bishop, John Capon. Filmer had got to the bishop first, showing him a bill with notes of the vicar's sermons. The bishop declared that the vicar had preached heresy. He reprimanded Symonds and told him that the vicar would be made publicly to recant his heresy. 1570, pp. 1388-89; 1576, pp. 1184-85; 1583, p. 1213.

John Marbeck's fourth examination was conducted by John Capon, John Skip, Thomas Goodrich, Robert Oking and William May. 1570, pp. 1393-94; 1576, pp. 1188-89; 1583, pp. 1216-17.

The judges of John Marbeck, Henry Filmer, Anthony Pearson and Robert Testwood at Windsor were John Capon, Sir William Essex, Thomas Brydges, Sir Humphrey Foster, William Franklyn and Thomas Vachell. 1570, p. 1396; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1219.

Capon, along with the other judges aside from Vachell, were reluctant to give judgement. Capon and others sent a message to Stephen Gardiner in favour of John Marbeck, who was then pardoned by the king. 1570, p. 1397; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1220.

After the burning of Filmer, Pearsons and Testwood, Capon sent Robert Ockham with a report to Stephen Gardiner. William Symonds, at the request of Robert Bennett's wife, got from Capon a letter to Gardiner for the deliverance of Robert Bennett. 1570, p. 1398; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1221.

1583 Edition, page 1088 | 1583 Edition, page 1235 | 1583 Edition, page 1237 | 1583 Edition, page 1240
John Cardmaker

(d. 1555)

Franciscan friar. Vicar of St Bride's, London. Chancellor of Wells. Martyr. [DNB]

In 1554 Cardmaker attempted to flee England with his bishop, William Barlow, but both were arrested and imprisoned in the Fleet. 1563, p. 1141; 1570, p. 1749; 1576, p. 1494; 1583, p. 1578.

On 9 November 1554 he was brought before the Star Chamber and then put in the Fleet (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p 1403; 1583, p. 1474).

He was brought before Stephen Gardiner at St Mary Ovary's on 28 January 1555. Cardmaker submitted to Gardiner (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

Barlow and Cardmaker appeared to be ready to recant. Cardmaker was imprisoned in the Counter in Bread Street where he had a 'Christian and comfortable conference' with Laurence Saunders who had been sent there after being condemned by Gardiner; Saunders persuaded Cardmaker not to recant. Thomas Martin and other catholics urged Cardmaker to recant. 1570, p. 1047; 1576, p. 1426; 1583, p. 1500; also see 1563, pp. 1141-42; 1570, p. 1750; 1576, pp. 1494-95; 1583, p. 1578.

Articles presented to Cardmaker by Bishop Bonner on 24 May 1555 and Cardmaker's answers are recorded. 1563, pp. 1142-43; 1570, pp. 1750-51; 1576, p. 1495; 1583, pp. 1578-79.

Foxe records Cardmaker's confession of faith 1563, pp. 1143-1135 [recte 1145].

Beard visited Cardmaker in Newgate a few days before Cardmaker's execution and tried to persuade him to recant; Cardmaker refused. 1570, p. 1754; 1576, p. 1498; 1583, p. 1581.

Cardmaker wrote a letter to a friend, denying that he had recanted. 1570, pp. 1753-54; 1576, p. 1498; 1583, p. 1581.

Cardmaker was executed on 30 May 1555. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, pp. 1751-52; 1576, pp. 1496-97; 1583, pp. 1579-80.

Stephen Gardiner told John Bradford that he would be handed over to the secular authorities if he did not follow the example of Barlow and Cardmaker. 1563, p. 1188, 1570, p. 1784, 1576, p. 1524, 1583, p. 1607.

Cardmaker sent greetings to John Bradford via the servant of an unnamed gentlewoman. 1570, p. 1803, 1576, p. 1539, 1583, p. 1622.

When examined by Bonner, John Leafe (who was burned with John Bradford) denied transubstantiation and admitted to being a 'scholer' of John Rogers, and that he believed in the doctrine of Rogers, Hooper and Cardmaker. 1563, p. 1214, 1570, p. 1804, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

Grindal wrote to Ridley from his exile in Frankfort, to which letter Ridley replied. Ridley mentioned that he knew that Ferrar, Hooper, Rogers, Taylor of Hadleigh, Saunders and Tomkins, a weaver, had all been martyred, as had Cardmaker the day before he wrote this letter. 1570, pp. 1901-02, 1576, pp. 1628-30, 1583, pp. 1729-30.

Copy of his submission. [BL Harley 421, fo.39v. Not printed in AM or LM. Gingerly described in 1563, p. 1141 et seq.]

[Alias Taylor.]

1583 Edition, page 1498 | 1583 Edition, page 1507 | 1583 Edition, page 1509 | 1583 Edition, page 1602 | 1583 Edition, page 1631 | 1583 Edition, page 1704 | 1583 Edition, page 1753 | 1583 Edition, page 1820 | 1583 Edition, page 1999
John Cardmaker (Taylor)

(c. 1496 - 1555) [ODNB]

Franciscan; left the order in 1537; presented for preaching at St Bride's in Fleet Street against the mass in 1540; vicar of St Bride's 1543; leading protestant preacher in London, lecturer at St Paul's; chancellor of Wells 1550; arrested and submitted; charged as a relapsed heretic; burnt at Smithfield

John Cardmaker was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1177; 1583, p. 1205.

1583 Edition, page 1229
John Careless

(d. 1556)

Weaver. Consided by Foxe a 'martyr' (died in prison). Of Coventry.

Uncle to Sir Peter Carew [Hasler, Commons]

John Careless was sent by the mayor of Coventry - together with Baldwin Clarke, Thomas Wilcockes and Richard Estlin - to the privy council on 20 November 1553 for unspecified 'lewde and sediciouse behaviour' on All Hallows Day 1553 (1583, p. 1417). He was imprisoned in the Gatehouse.

A letter by Careless to the condemned brethren in Newgate is attributed to Philpot. 1563, pp. 1449-50.

Careless received letters from John Philpot while he was imprisoned. 1570, pp. 2004-05, 1576, pp. 1726-27, 1583, pp. 1833-34.

Careless received a letter from John Bradford while he was imprisoned in the King's Bench. 1570, pp. 1827-28, 1576, p. 1563, 1583, p. 1645.

Careless received two letters from Thomas Whittle while he was imprisoned in the King's Bench. 1563, p. 1457, 1570, pp. 2018-19 and 2021, 1576, pp. 1739-40 and 1742, 1583, pp. 1847-48 and 1850.

John Careless' first examination was before Dr Martin, marshall of the King's Bench [Sir William Fitzwilliam - DNB + Hasler / Bindoff], Dr Martin's scribe and an unspecified priest in the lord chancellor's house. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During his first examination, Careless was shown some hand-writing, which Martin believed to be that of Careless. The handwriting was that of Henry Hart. Careless knew this because he had been sent a copy by Tyms. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During Careless' first examination, Martin asked Careless if he had knew Henry Hart, to which Careless answered that he did not. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Martin asked Careless if he knew Master Chamberlain, to which he answered that he did not. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Martin claimed that Cox had refuted some of Careless's arguments. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Careless told Martin that Tyms had been his bedfellow, and that Tyms had been burned the day before this examination. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Martin asked Careless what Trew's faith of predestination was. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Martin pretended, according to Foxe, to desire to help Careless survive. He asked Careless if he would like to go to Ireland with Lord Fitzwalter to do the queen's service, to which Careless replied that he was willing to do the queen service as long as he was alive. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

At the end of his first examination, Careless was told by Martin that he was one of the most pleasant protestants he had talked to 'except it were Tomson' . 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

Careless was imprisoned for two years, first in Coventry and then in the King's Bench. 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

In Coventry jail, the keeper allowed Careless to leave the prison to take part in a Coventry pageant. 1570, p. 2102, 1576, p. 1814, 1583, p. 1920.

Foxe states that Careless desired to be burned, but that he died in prison and was buried in the fields in a dunghill instead. 1570, p. 2102, 1576, p. 1814, 1583, pp. 1920-21.

Careless died in prison 1 July 1556. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 2101, 1576, p. 1813, 1583, p. 1919.

Letters: 1563, pp. 1535-38, 1570, pp. 2103-17, 1576, pp. 1814-40, 1583, pp. 1921-34.

1583 Edition, page 1441 | 1583 Edition, page 1669 | 1583 Edition, page 1764 | 1583 Edition, page 1857 | 1583 Edition, page 1871 | 1583 Edition, page 1943 | 1583 Edition, page 1945
John Carlton

Saddler. Of Ipswich.

John Carlton fled Ipswich for fear of persecution. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2113
John Carter

Of Much Bentley.

John Carter was one of the cosignatories of a supplication against William Mount, his wife and their daughter, Rose, to Lord Darcy of Chiche, who then delivered the supplication to John Kingston. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Information against Ralph Allerton was provided by Thomas Tye, John Painter, William Harris, John Barker, John Carter, Thomas Candler, Jeffrey Bestwood, John Richard, and Richard Mere, all of Much Bentley. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

1583 Edition, page 2029 | 1583 Edition, page 2040
John Caryll

(d. 1566) [ODNB sub John Caryll senior]

Law reporter (1537 - at least 1560); attorney-general of the first-fruits and tenths (1540 - 44); attorney of the duchy (1544 - 66)

John Caryll was a witness in 1551 to the sentence against Stephen Gardiner and his appellation. 1563, p. 867.

[Back to Top]
John Cater

One of four members of the jury which acquited Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, and confessed their fault, submitting to the authorities and therefore being exempted from punishment. (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p 1403; 1583, p. 1473). Foxe had earlier characterized those jurors as 'weakelyngs' (1570, p. 1644; 1576, p 1403; 1583, p. 1473).

Foxe calls this juror 'Master Cater'. Brigden states that his name was John Cater and that he was the governor of a London hospital (Susan Brigden, London and the Reformation (Oxford, 1989), p 554).

'Master Catter' is described, along with 'Master Low' [see Simon Lowe] as mourners at the funeral of Maurice Griffith at St Magnus, London (J. G. Nicholas, ed., The Diary of Henry Machyn, Camden Society Original series 42 (London, 1878), p. 180). This may indicate that Cater came from this parish.

1583 Edition, page 1498
John Cavel

(d. 1556)

John Cavel was sent up to London by Lord Rich, Tyrrel and others for examination. 1563, p. 1505, 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

Cavel was examined by Richard Read, the Lord Chancellor, on 22 March 1556. 1563, p. 1505 [note that 1563 says 21 March], 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1789, 1583, p. 1895.

On 28 March he was brought before Bonner to be condemned. 1563, p. 1505, 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

He remained in the Marshalsea for around one year, until the death of Gardiner. 1563, p. 1505, 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

After Gardiner's death he and some of his fellow prisoners sent a petition to Heath, after he replaced Gardiner as lord chancellor, on behalf of them all. 1563, p. 1505, 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

Richard Read was told during his examination of 16 January 1555 that the Spurges, Ambrose and Cavel had been complained of by the parson of the church in Bocking. The priest had complained to Lord Rich, who had taken the complaint further. 1563, p. 1505, 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

Under examination by Read, Cavel claimed that he had not gone to church because the minister preached two different and contrary doctrines. 1563, p. 1505, 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1789, 1583, p. 1895.

Cavel was condemned by Bonner on 28 March 1556. 1563, p. 1506, 1570, p. 2077, 1576, p. 1791, 1583, p. 1898.

He was burned around 24 April 1556 at Smithfield. 1563, p. 1506, 1570, p. 2077, 1576, pp. 1791-92, 1583, p. 1898.

Cavel was one of the recipients of a letter by John Careless to his condemned brethren in Newgate. 1563, pp. 1449-50, 1570, pp. 2105-06, 1576, pp. 1817-18, 1583, pp. 1923-24.

1583 Edition, page 1919 | 1583 Edition, page 1948
John Cawood

(1514 - 1572)

Queen Mary's official printer. (DNB) [See E. G. Duff, A Century of the English Book Trade: Short Notices of All Printers, Stationers, Book-binders, and Others Connected with it from the Issue of the First Dated Book in 1457 to the Incorporation of the Company of Stationers in 1557 (London, 1948), p. 23.]

In the 1563 edition, the privy council's letter to Bonner, announcing that the queen was pregnant, is stated by Foxe to have been printed by 'Iohn Cawood' (1563, pp. 1014-15). The letter was reprinted in later editions (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-76) but the attribution to Cawood was never repeated.

In the 1563 edition, a copy of Hugh Weston's prayer for the safe delivery of Mary's child was printed and followed by the phrase 'Imprinted by Iohn Cawode etc'. 1563, p. 1015) This phrase was omitted when the poem was reprinted in 1570, p. 1653; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1480-81.

John Cawood printed the proclamation of Philip and Mary, dated 13 June 1555, prohibiting the importation or ownership of certain protestant books. 1563, pp. 1146-47; 1570, pp. 1772-73; 1576, pp. 1513-14; 1583, p. 1597

1583 Edition, page 1020 | 1583 Edition, page 2061[Back to Top]
John Cawood

(1514 - 1572)

Queen Mary's official printer (DNB)

In the 1563 edition, the Privy Council's letter to Bonner, announcing that the Queen was pregnant, is stated by Foxe to have been printed by 'Iohn Cawood' (1563, pp. 1014-15). The letter was reprinted in later editions (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-76) but the attribution to Cawood was never repeated.

In the 1563 edition, a copy of Hugh Weston's prayer for the safe delivery of Mary's child was printed and followed by the phrase 'Imprinted by Iohn Cawode etc' (1563, p. 1015). This phrase was omitted when the poem was reprinted in 1570, p. 1653; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1480-81.

1583 Edition, page 1621
John Celos

of S Botolph's, Billingsgate; one of 9 presented in 1541 for not being confessed in Lent or receiving at Easter

John Celos was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Chambre

(1470 - 1549) [ODNB]

Physician and cleric; archdeacon of Bedford (1525 - 49); treasurer of Wells (1510 - May 1543, October 1543 - 1549); canon of Windsor (1509 - 49)

Thomas Magnus posted a poem praising the Virgin on the choir door at Windsor. Robert Testwood twice tore it down. Magnus arranged to have letters complaining of Testwood sent from him, the dean and other canons to John Chambre. No action resulted from the complaint. 1570, p. 1388; 1576, p. 1184; 1583, p. 1212.

1583 Edition, page 1236
John Chapman

of Hosier Lane, London

Wythers brought Andrew Hewett to John Chapman's house, where he stayed for two days. Wythers then brought William Holt to the house, and he and Holt betrayed Hewett, John Tybal and John Chapman. Chapman and Tybal were bound with ropes and taken to the bishop's house, but kept apart. Chapman was imprisoned for five weeks, three of them in the stocks, but was released after an appeal to the lord chancellor. 1563, p. 506; 1570, pp. 1179-80; 1576, pp. 1008-09; 1583, p. 1036.

1583 Edition, page 1060
John Chapman

of Boxtead. Brother of Richard; servant of Christopher Ravins of Witham, Essex; called to answer in 1528 [Fines]

John Chapman, his brother and his master abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071[Back to Top]
John Charteris

Cardinal David Beaton attempted unsuccessfully to force the appointment of John Charteris of Kinfauns as provost of Perth in 1544, with military support from Lord Gray and Norman Leslie, master of Rothes [ODNB sub Norman Leslie]

John Charteris was a supporter of protestants. He was removed from the office of provost by authority of the governor and was replaced by Alexander Marbeck, a religious conservative. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

1583 Edition, page 1291
John Cheltham

Priest

While he was celebrating mass at St Margaret's, Westminster, on Easter Sunday 1555, Cheltham was assaulted by William Flower. Flower attacked him with a knife and wounded him so severely it was thought that Cheltham would lose his hand. 1563, pp. 1135-38; 1570, pp. 1746-48; 1576, pp. 1491-93; 1583, pp. 1574-76.

1583 Edition, page 1598
John Chetham

Registrar at the trial of George Marsh. 1563, p. 1120; 1570, p. 1736; 1576, p. 1477 [recte 1483], 1583, p. 1565.

1583 Edition, page 1590
John Choote

of Birbrook, Essex. He, his mother, 3 brothers and sister were troubled c. 1533 [Fines]

John Choote, his mother, brothers and sister, along with others of Birbrook, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
John Christopherson

(d. 1558) [ODNB]

English humanist; Master of Trinity College, Cambridge (1553 - 1558); bishop of Chichester (1557 - 1558). Master of Trinity College (1553 - 1558). Dean of Norwich (1554 - 1557). Chaplain and confessor to Queen Mary. Translator from Greek to Latin; translated Eusebius' Historia ecclesiastica (1569)

Foxe accused Christopherson of deliberately omitting the word 'bread' when used of the sacrament in Eusebius. 1576, p. 65; 1583, p. 65.

1583 Edition, page 88[Back to Top]
John Christopherson

(d. 1558)

Master of Trinity College, Cambridge (1553 ? 1558); bishop of Chichester (1557 - 1558). Master of Trinity College (1553 - 1558). Dean of Norwich (1554 - 1557). Chaplain and confessor to Queen Mary. (DNB)

Christopherson was sent to Cambridge University by Stephen Gardiner with articles ordering that every scholar wear the proper vestments, pronounce Greek in the traditional pronounciation and declare the whole style of the king and queen in their sermons (1563, p. 1007; 1570, pp. 1646-47; 1576, p 1405; and 1583, p. 1475).

John Christopherson condemned Robert Pygot and William Wolsey on 9 October 1555. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621, 1583, p. 1715.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. Members of the commission were Cuthbert Scott, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

John Christopherson was chosen by Pole to be a persecutor of the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1537, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

Christopherson attempted to sprinkle scholars of Trinity College with holy water at the gatehouse to the college, but they refused it. Nicholas Carre wrote a letter to John Cheke about Martin Bucer, which was then passed on to Peter Martyr. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1957.

Scot, Watson and Christopherson discussed and agreed to the exhumation of Bucer and Phagius. . 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1957.

Christopherson did not attend King's College on 14 January 1557 with the other commissioners. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

He was taken sick during Watson's Candlemas sermon and began babbling. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

Some present at Watson's sermon said that Christopherson had become sick because he had been accused of false accounting at the college and that he had witnessed his brother-in-law's lease being cancelled on the manor of the college because the covenants seemed unreasonable. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

Richard Woodman's first examination before Christopherson, Story, Cooke and others took place on 14 April 1557. 1563, pp. 1573-79, 1570, p. 2174-78, 1576, pp. 1877-81, 1583, pp. 1986-89.

Woodman's second examination before Christopherson and two of his chaplains, as well as Story, took place on 27 April 1557. 1563, pp. 1582-87, 1570, pp. 2178-82, 1576, pp. 1881-84, 1583, pp. 2089-92.

The sixth and last examination of Woodman took place before Chichester, Roper, Nicholas Harpsfield, the fat priest, Winchester and others. 1563, 1599-1601, 1570, p. 2192-94, 1576, p. 1892-93, 1583, pp. 2000-02.

He accused and examined several prisoners in Chichester. 1563, p. 1634, 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1815, 1583, p. 2023.

He died after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992.

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John Chrysostom

(347 - 407) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

b. Antioch; hermit and ascetic. Bishop of Constantinople 398, deposed and banished 403. Preacher in Syria and Constantinople; denounced the abuse of authority in the church and the Roman empire

Thomas Arthur and Thomas Bilney, in their examination on a charge of heresy, said that Chrysostom encouraged the reading of books to aid committing to memory the things that were heard. 1563, p. 465, 1570, p. 1137; 1576, p. 974; 1583, p. 1000.

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John Churchman [or Church]

Husband of Elizabeth Churchman.

John Churchman's wife confessed that her husband allowed secret meetings to be held at his house. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

He was said to have agreed with his wife that no more meetings should be held at their house. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

John Claymond

(1467/8 - 1536) [ODNB]

Humanist; b. Frampton, Lincolnshire; master of Magdalen College, Oxford (1507 - 16); BTh 1510; 1st president of Corpus Christi College (1517 - 36); collapsed during the panic at St Mary's church and died after

John Claymond was in St Mary's Church, Oxford, during the performance of penance by John Mallory. When a panic broke out in the church about a suspected fire, John Claymond, along with a few other aged people with him, knelt quietly before the altar. 1563, p. 623; 1570, p. 1383; 1576, p. 1180; 1583, p. 1209.

1583 Edition, page 1233
John Clement

(d. 1556)

Wheelwright. Of unknown origin.

John Clement died in the King's Bench and was buried in a dunghill on 25 June 1556. 1563, p. 1523, 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1807, 1583, p. 1914.

Fellow prisoner with John Careless in the King's Bench. Died in prison.

In a letter to John Careless, John Philpot expressed his appreciation for the comfort Clements' support had given him.1570, p. 2004; 1576, p. 1726; 1583, p. 1833

1583 Edition, page 1938
John Clerk

Clothier of Hadleigh; brother of Walter Clerke [See Diarmaid MacCulloch, Suffolk and the Tudors (Oxford, 1986), p. 430 and John Craig, 'Reformers, conflict and revisionism: the Reformation in sixteenth-century Hadleigh', Historical Journal 42 (1999), pp. 17 and 19-20].

Together with William Foster, Clerke arranged to have mass celebrated in the church at Hadleigh after Mary's accession. Rowland Taylor interrupted the service and was forcibly ejected from the church. Some of Taylor's followers broke the windows of the church. Foster and Clerke denounced Taylor to Stephen Gardiner, leading to Taylor's imprisonment 1563, p. 1066-67; 1570, pp. 1693-94; 1576, p. 1446; 1583, p. 1519.

John Clerk was an enemy of Thomas Rose in Hadleigh and resorted to have him removed. 1576, p. 1978, 1583, p. 2083.

John Clerk and Walter Clerk complained to the council about Rose, and the sergeant-at-arms, Cartwright, subsequently arrested Rose. 1576, p. 1978, 1583, p. 2083.

1583 Edition, page 2107[Back to Top]
John Clerk

(1481/2? - 1541) [ODNB]

Diplomat; bishop of Bath and Wells (1523 - 41)

Thomas Wolsey, William Warham, Cuthbert Tunstall, John Fisher, Nicholas West, John Veysey, John Longland, John Clerk and Henry Standish took part in the examination of Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur in 1527-28. 1563, pp. 461-78; 1570, pp. 1134-46; 1576, pp. 971-81; 1583, pp. 998-1008.

John Clerke took part in the examination of John Tewkesbury. 1563, p. 491; 1570, pp. 1165-66; 1576, p. 997; 1583, p. 1025.

The archbishop of Canterbury (Cranmer), along with the bishops of London (Stokesley), Winchester (Gardiner), Bath and Wells (Clerk) and Lincoln (Longland) and other clergy went to see Queen Catherine. She failed to attend when summoned over 15 days, and they pronounced that she and the king were divorced. 1570, p. 1200; 1576, p. 1027; 1583, p. 1055.

Clerk was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Clerk attended a synod in 1537 with other bishops and learned men and with Thomas Cromwell as vicar-general. Clerk favoured retaining the seven sacraments. 1563, p. 594; 1570, p. 1351; 1576, p. 1153; 1583, p. 1182.

John Butler and William Smith were brought for examination before John Clerk, Richard Sampson and William Rugg. 1570, p. 1403; 1576, p. 1196; 1583, p. 1226.

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John Clerk

(c. 1501 - 1528?) [Emden]

BA Cambridg; MA 1521-22; called from Cambridge to Cardinal's College (Christ Church) Oxford in 1525; BTh 1527; one of those suspected of having done mischief at the time of the visit of Thomas Garrett to Oxford in 1528

John Clerk warned Anthony Dalaber that if he continued to follow him, he would be subjected to scorn, persecution and imprisonment. Many students and scholars throughout Oxford were influenced by Clerk's disputations and lectures. 1563, p. 609; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1196.

Anthony Dalaber went to John Clerk to tell him about the arrest of Thomas Garrard and his escape. Clerk was glad to hear of it. He sent for Henry Sumner and William Bettes and had Dalaber relate the story to them, who were equally glad. 1563, p. 606; 1570, p. 1367; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1195.

Those suspected of heresy at Oxford at the time of the trial of Thomas Garrard and Anthony Dalaber included John Clerk, Henry Sumner, William Bettes, John Taverner, Radley, Nicholas Udall, John Diet, William Eden, John Langport, John Salisbury and Robert Ferrar. 1563, p. 609; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

John Clerk was one of the scholars Wolsey gathered for Cardinal College. He died in prison after a diet of solely salt fish. 1563, p. 497; 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

Clerk was imprisoned in Cardinal College for holding an illegal assembly and died of illness. 1563, p. 441; 1570, p. 1133; 1576, p. 970; 1583, p. 997.

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John Clerke

(d. 1556)

Of unknown occupation and origin.

A letter was written by John Clerke's fellow prisoners stating that he was in danger of starving to death. 1563, pp. 1547-48, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1954.

Clerke was a prisoner for his beliefs but not yet condemned. He died of hunger in prison at Canterbury in November 1556. 1563, p. 1547, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1860, 1583, p. 1954.

1583 Edition, page 1978[Back to Top]
John Clerke

(d. 1560?)

Clothier of Hadleigh; brother of Walter Clerke [See Diarmaid MacCulloch, Suffolk and the Tudors (Oxford, 1986), p. 430 and John Craig, 'Reformers, conflict and revisionism: the Reformation in sixteenth-century Hadleigh', Historical Journal 42 (1999), pp. 17 and 19-20].

Together with William Foster, Clerke arranged to have mass celebrated in the church at Hadleigh after Mary's accession. Rowland Taylor interrupted the service and was forcibly ejected from the church. Some of Taylor's followers broke the windows of the church. Foster and Clerke denounced Taylor to Stephen Gardiner, leading to Taylor's imprisonment 1563, p. 1066-67; 1570, pp. 1693-94; 1576, p. 1446; 1583, p. 1519.

John Clerk was an enemy of Thomas Rose in Hadleigh and resorted to have him removed. 1576, p. 1978, 1583, p. 2083.

John Clerk and Walter Clerk complained to the council about Rose, and the sergeant-at-arms, Cartwright, subsequently arrested Rose. 1576, p. 1978, 1583, p. 2083.

1583 Edition, page 1543
John Clerke

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 with working on holydays and not attending divine service [Fines]

John Clerke was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Clyffe

Servant of Stephen Gardiner

John Clyffe was a deponent in the case of Gardiner. 1563, pp. 856-57.

John Cockes

of St Michael at Queenhythe; presented in 1541 for seeking out new preachers and holding the opinions of Robert Barnes

John Cockes was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Cockes

(d. 1546) [Emden]

BCL Oxford by 1500; DCL by 1508; canon of Salisbury 1524; auditor of causes at the court of Canterbury 1520; chancellor of the archbishop c. 1522; commissary of the prerogative, Canterbury 1529; dean of Arches 1543

John Cockes was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p. 996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

John Cockes was present at the examination of John Tewkesbury. 1563, p. 492; 1570, p. 1166; 1576, p. 997 ; 1583, p. 1025.

Thomas Frebarne was reported to Cockes for obtaining pork during Lent for his pregnant wife. Frebarne's landlord, the garter king of arms, was dining at Cockes's house and had Frebarne arrested. 1563, p. 492; 1570, p. 1354; 1576, p. 1156 ; 1583, p. 1184.

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John Coke

Rector of All Hallows, Honey Lane; imprisoned with John Frith

At the burning of John Frith and Andrew Hewett, Dr Coke urged the onlookers not to pray for them. 1563, p. 507; 1570, p. 1180; 1576, p. 1009; 1583, p. 1036.

1583 Edition, page 1060
John Colet

(1467 - 1519) [ODNB]

Dean of St Paul's and founder of St Paul's School; had knowledge and use of Florentine Neoplatonism

Because of his excellence of learning, Richard Pace was considered a suitable successor to John Colet as dean of St Paul's. 1570, p. 1124; 1576, p. 962; 1583, p. 989.

Colet was described by John Lambert as having had a good reputation among the people. 1563, p. 566; 1570, p. 1276; 1576, p. 1091; 1583, p. 1117.

Colet was one of those listed by Foxe as having been falsely accused of heresy 1570, p. 1439; 1576, p. 1227; 1583, p. 1257.

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John Colstock

Of unknown occupation. Of London, dwelling in Wellington, Shropshire. (Fines)

Colstock was examined by Ralph Baynes and compelled to recant in the church of St Cedde, Lichfield, and to do penance on 14 June 1556. 1563, p. 1527, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1916.

1583 Edition, page 1940
John Conyers

(d. 1557) (Complete Peerage)

Lord Conyers

Warden of the East Marches and Governor of Berwick under Mary.

Accompanied Queen to Westminster Abbey, 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Spelt 'Conias' by Foxe.

1583 Edition, page 1490
John Cooke

(d. 1557)

Sawyer. Martyr. Of Bury St Edmunds.

John Cooke was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Articles were brought against him and answers made. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

He was burned at Bury St Edmunds in early August 1557. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

1583 Edition, page 2071[Back to Top]
John Cooke

Stephen Gardiner's registrar

John Cooke and John Potinger served as Stephen Gardiner's proctors. 1563, p. 795.

Cooke received the king's visitors to the diocese. 1563, p. 843.

Cooke was a deponent in the case of Gardiner. 1563, p. 860.

John Cooke

John Cooke witnessed Anne Askew's confession in 1545. 1563, p. 673; 1570, p. 1416; 1576, p. 1207; 1583, p. 1237.

1583 Edition, page 1261
John Cooke

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged with his wife and another couple in 1541 for insulting the mass [Fines]

John Cooke was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Cooper

Sheriff of Chester

George Marsh was delivered into Cooper's custody, and the custody of Robert Amery, his fellow sheriff, after being condemned. 1563, p. 1121; 1570, p. 1738; 1576, p. 1477 [recte 1483]; 1583, p. 1566.

Cooper, with Amry, escorted Marsh to his execution on 24 April 1555. One of them would not permit Marsh to speak to the crowd. 1563, pp. 1121-22; 1570, p. 1738; 1576, p. 1484; 1583, p. 1567.

1583 Edition, page 1590
John Cooper

Carpenter. Of Wattisham, Suffolk.

John Cooper was first accused of high treason for speaking against Queen Mary. He was arrested and taken to Henry Doyle by Master Timperley of Hintlesham, Suffolk, and Grimwood of Lawshall, constable. 1563, p. 1704, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

At Bury St Edmunds, Clement Higham met with the witnesses against Cooper, Richard White of Wattisham and Grimwood of Hitcham, Suffolk. 1563, p. 1704, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

Cooper was condemned to be hanged, drawn and quartered as an example to others. 1563, p. 1704, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

At his death John Cooper left a wife and nine children, with goods and cattle to the value of 300 marks, which was removed from Cooper's family by Sir Henry Doyle. 1563, p. 1704, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

[See Thomas S. Freeman, 'Fate, Fact and Fiction in Foxe's Book of Martyrs' in Historical Journal 43.3 (2000), pp. 603-10.]

1583 Edition, page 2123[Back to Top]
John Corbet

(by 1514 - 1559)

Of Sprowston, Norfolk. Steward of sheriff's court (1540 - 1547), recorder (1547 - 1550), JP Norfolk (1541 - 1553), commr relief Norfolk (1550), goods of churches and fonts (1553). (Bindoff)

John Corbet overheard Cicely Ormes show her confessional allegiance with Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper and took her to Dunning. 1563, p. 1618, 1570, p. 2219, 1576, p. 1916, 1583, p. 2023.

1583 Edition, page 2047
John Corneford

(d. 1558)

Martyr of unknown occupation. Of Wrotham, Kent.

Nicholas Harpsfield urged on the condemnation of John Corneford so that he could be burned before the death of Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2253, 1576, p. 1946, 1583, p. 2053.

Corneford produced his own sentence of condemnation against the papists. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2253, 1576, p. 1946, 1583, p. 2053.

He was burned at Canterbury in 1558. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2253, 1576, p. 1946, 1583, p. 2053.

1583 Edition, page 2077
John Cornet

Apprentice musician. Of Colchester.

John Cornet went to sing songs at a wedding in Rough-hedge. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p.1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

He sang a song against the mass for which the parson, Yaxley, had him sent before justice Cannall. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p.1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

Cornet was sent before the earl of Oxford. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p.1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

He was held in chains and finger irons that made the tips of his fingers burst. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p.1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

He was sent to Bonner but later ordered by the earl of Oxford to return to Rough-hedge to be whipped and then banished from the town forever. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p.1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

1583 Edition, page 2105
John Cottisford

)d. 1540) [ODNB]

Master of Lincoln College, Oxford; chancellor's commissary at Oxford

Thomas Garrard was arrested and taken to John Cottisford, who kept him imprisoned in his own chamber. 1563, p. 605; 1570, p. 1366; 1576, p. 1166; 1583, p. 1194.

After Thomas Garrard escaped, Cottisford was blamed by John Hygdon and John London. 1563, p. 606; 1570, p. 1367; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1195.

Anthony Dalaber was brought before Cottisford, John Hygdon and John London and examined. 1563, p. 608; 1570, p. 1368; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1196.

Thomas Garrard was apprehended after his escape and examined by Cottisford, Hygdon and London. He was condemned as a heretic and made to bear a faggot. 1563, p. 609; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

Cottisford was one of the examiners of the reformers at Cardinal College, Oxford. 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

1583 Edition, page 1056 | 1583 Edition, page 1218[Back to Top]
John Covert

(by 1501 - 1558)

MP (1529, 1553, 1554); Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex (1554 - 1555) [Bindoff, Commons ]

The privy council ordered William Paulet to send writs to Covert authorising the burning of Derick Carver. 1583, p. 1581.

[NB: Bindoff identifies Covert as a religious conservative.]

1583 Edition, page 1605
John Coygnes (Lyveland)

of St Martin le Grand; charged c. 1541 [Fines]

John Coygnes was charged with not receiving communion at Easter and condemning the sacrament of the altar. He died at St Martin. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1205.

1583 Edition, page 1229
John Craneford

of Steeple Bumpstead, Essex; charged in 1528 [Fines]

John Craneford, along with many others of Steeple Bumpstead, abjured. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
John Crayford

(d. 1547) [Emden]

BA Cambridge 1511/12; MA 1514/15; BTh 1522/23; DTh 1534/5; master of Clare College (1530 - 39); vice-chancellor of Cambridge University (1534 - 36); chancellor of Salisbury (1544 - 47); archdeacon of Berkshire 1545; chaplain to the king by 1545; one of the commissioners for the enforcement of the Act of Six Articles 1540

John Crayford was named in a commission from Henry VIII to Edmund Bonner as one who was required to execute the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1375; 1576, p. 1173; 1583, p. 1202.

1583 Edition, page 1226
John Crompton

(d. 1577)

Farmer of Bolton, Lancs.

George Marsh wrote a letter to him and other co-religionists in the area of Bolton instructing them on how to behave in the current time of persecution. 1570, p. 1743; 1576, pp. 1488-89; 1583, pp. 1571-72.

[NB: Crompton was accused of heresy in 1554. In 1557, he resisted, paying tithes. See Christopher Haigh, Reform and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire (Cambridge, 1975), pp. 173, 177 and 193.]

[Foxe calls him 'Jenkin Crampton', or 'Cramptom']

1583 Edition, page 1595[Back to Top]
John Crosdall

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 with working on holydays and not attending divine service [Fines]

John Crosdall was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Crouch

Neighbour of Thomas Hudson. Of Aylsham, Norfolk.

Thomas Hudson's neighbour, John Crouch, went to the constables, Robert Marsham and Robert Lawes, to expose Hudson. 1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

1583 Edition, page 2059
John Curteys

of St Mary Woolchurch; presented in 1541 with 7 others for despising ceremonies [Fines]

John Curtys was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Dale

(fl. 1539 - 1559)

Fellow of Queen's College (1542 - 1548). Chaplain and cross bearer to Cambridge University (1554). Rector of Little Shelford, Cambridgeshire, and of Wetheringsett, Suffolk (both in 1557). Did not subscribe to the oath of allegiance and was a recusant after 1558. (Venn)

A discussion of scripture and civil law was planned between Bonner and Dr Dale to be had with Bartlett Green. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

Dale was present at Philpot's presentment before Bonner on 17 November 1555. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

John Dale misunderstood Nicholas Ormanet's request for the pixe and brought him instead a chalice and the host. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

John Dale was called a blockhead by Ormaneto for mistakenly bringing him a chalice and host instead of the pix he requested. 1563, p. 1544, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1960.

Dale was told by Ormaneto to treat the host reverently. 1563, p. 1544, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1960.

His body was infested with lice at his death. John Avales provided testimony of this. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

[Not related to John Dale of Hadleigh.]

1583 Edition, page 752 | 1583 Edition, page 1876[Back to Top]
John Dale

(1511? - 1557)

Weaver. Of Hadleigh, Suffolk.

Dale was arrested for his heretical beliefs. He became sick in prison and died there. His body was cast out and buried in the fields. 1563, p. 1698, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

[Not related to John Dale, fellow of Queen's College.]

1583 Edition, page 2069
John Dale

(fl. 1539 - 1559)

Fellow of Queen's College (1542 - 1548). Chaplain and cross bearer to Cambridge University (1554). Rector of Little Shelford, Cambridgeshire, and of Wetheringsett, Suffolk (both in 1557). Did not subscribe to the oath of allegiance and was a recusant after 1558. (Venn)

A discussion of scripture and civil law was planned between Bonner and Dr Dale to be had with Bartlett Green. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

Dale was present at Philpot's presentment before Bonner on 17 November 1555. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

John Dale misunderstood Nicholas Ormanet's request for the pixe and brought him instead a chalice and the host. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

John Dale was called a blockhead by Ormaneto for mistakenly bringing him a chalice and host instead of the pix he requested. 1563, p. 1544, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1960.

Dale was told by Ormaneto to treat the host reverently. 1563, p. 1544, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1960.

His body was infested with lice at his death. John Avales provided testimony of this. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

[Not related to John Dale of Hadleigh.]

1583 Edition, page 1984 | 1583 Edition, page 2125
John Dane

Crossbearer to the university; BD (1556) [Venn]

John Dane was a friend and supporter of Rawlins White. Dane visited White in prison, bringing him money and other necessities. He was the author of the detailed account of White's life and martyrdom printed in 1570, pp. 1726-29; 1576, pp. 1473-76; 1583, pp. 1556-59.

1583 Edition, page 1580
John David

(d. 1558)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation and origin.

[See his sentence recorded as 27 May in BL, Ms Harley 421, art.68.]

The writ for John David's burning was signed by Sir Clement Higham. 1563, p. 1672, 1570, p. 2249, 1576, p. 1942, 1583, p. 2049.

He was burned at Bury shortly before the death of Mary. 1563, p. 1672, 1570, p. 2249, 1576, p. 1942, 1583, p. 2049.

[Brother of Henry David.]

1583 Edition, page 2073[Back to Top]
John Davie

Servant of Stephen Gardiner

John Davie was a deponent in the case of Gardiner. 1563, pp. 831-33.

John Davis

(b. 1535?)

Dwelling in the house of his uncle, Johnson, apothecary. Of Worcester.

In 1546 Davis, who often read an English Testament, was complained of by Alice Johnson, his mistress. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Alice Johnson consulted with Thomas Parton and Alice Brook (wife of Nicholas Brook, organ maker) and with certain canons, including Robert Johnson, chancellor to Heath. It was decided that Alice Brook's son, Oliver (a school fellow of Davis) feign friendship with him and so gain access to his writings. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Oliver gained access to Davis's English books and writings against the Six Articles, which were then brought before the canons and Robert Johnson. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Thomas Parton apprehended Davis. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Davis was sent to prison, where he lay for around six weeks. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Richard Hawborough visited Davis in an attempt to persuade him to avoid burning. He burned one of Davis's fingers for some considerable time. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Davis was removed to the Peephole prison where the low bailiff, Robert Youle, bound his legs with heavy bolts. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Davis was often threatened while he was in prison by a madman who had a knife. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Davis's parents were too frightened to visit him in prison. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Davis was visited by Henry Jolliffe and N. Yewer (both canons), who had in their possession his writings against the Six Articles and a ballad by him, to see if he admitted writing them, which he did. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

He was condemned by Robert Johnson. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

His judges were Portman and Marven who, when they witnessed the boy's sorry state when he was held before them, agreed with John Bourne that the boy had suffered enough. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Bourne and his wife took Davis home and anointed his wounds but put him away when they realised he would not submit to their doctrine. They were afraid he might have an effect on their son Anthony. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Davis survived to become a minister under Elizabeth. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

1583 Edition, page 2097
John Day

(1522 - 1584)

Printer. Of London. [See Elizabeth Evenden, 'Patents and Patronage: The Life and Career of John Day, Tudor Printer', (unpublished PhD thesis, York University, 2002).]

John Day was imprisoned in Mary's reign for religion. John Rogers predicted to Day, when they were both in prison, that the gospel would be restored to England. 1563, p. 1037; 1570, p. 1663; 1576, p. 1419; 1583, p. 1492.

William Cooke was sent to prison for persuading John Day to print Gardiner's De Vera Obedientia. 1563, p. 1681.

Drainer went to see the printer John Day and verbally attacked him for his portrayal in Foxe's work. Day derided him by calling him Justice Nine Holes and saying that he knew that Drainer had denied his real reason for drilling the holes. Drainer was alleged to have claimed in Cheapside to have drilled the holes to look on women. Drainer denied drilling all the holes and said that the parson drilled some also. . 1563, p. 1730, 1576, p. 2002, 1583, p. 2113.

John Peter said on many occasions that if things were not true God should let him rot. He died of a disease that caused his body to rot. John Day the printer was witness to this. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

1583 Edition, page 1516 | 1583 Edition, page 2136
John de la Casa

Archbishop of Benveneto, papal chamberlain and papal legate to Venice.

According to Foxe, John de la Casa wrote a book of poetry, published in Venice, celebrating his homosexual exploits. 1563, p. 1117; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560.

1583 Edition, page 1584[Back to Top]
John de la March

John de la March was mistaken by Foxe for one of the jurats who examined Perotine Massey. He was not one of the seven jurats. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, pp. 1943-44.

1583 Edition, page 1968
John de Vere

(d. 1562)

16th earl of Oxford. (DNB)

John de Vere accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

John Hamond, Simon Hamond, Christopher Lyster, John Mace, John Spencer and Richard Nicholas were delivered to John Kingstone, bachelor of civil law, and then commissory to Gardiner, by the earl of Oxford on 28 March 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1803, 1583, p. 1909.

John Routh was convented before the earl of Oxford. He was sent to Colchester castle by Lord Rich and then on to Bonner. 1563, p. 1526, 1570, p. 2096., 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1916.

Thomas Hawkes was a member of his household. The earl reported to Bishop Bonner that Hawkes refused to have his son baptized in a catholic service and delivered Hawkes to Bonner�s custody (1563, pp. 1161-62; 1570, p. 1758; 1576, p. 1550 [recte 1502]; 1583, p. 1585).

He denounced six residents of Coggeshall, Essex (William Bamford, Nicholas Chamberlain, Thomas Brodehill, Thomas Osborne and Richard Webbe) to Bishop Bonner on 1 May 1555 (1563, p. 1166;1570, p. 1777; 1576, p. 1518; 1583, pp. 1601-02).

In a letter to Bishop Bonner, John Kingston said that the 'lord of Oxford' was one of the commissioners who confiscated the lands and goods of 22 accused heretics. 1563, p. 1564 [recte 1576].

On 29 August 1557 an indenture was made between several lords and justices and John Kingston concerning the delivery of 22 prisoners from Colchester. De Vere was one of the persecutors named in the indenture. 1563, p. 1565, 1570, p. 2157, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly marked as 1971]

John Cornet was sent before the earl of Oxford, who ordered that he be held in chains and finger irons that made the tips of his fingers burst. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p.1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

Cornet was sent to Bonner but later ordered by the earl of Oxford to return to Rough-hedge to be whipped and then banished from the town forever. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p.1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

1583 Edition, page 1609 | 1583 Edition, page 1625 | 1583 Edition, page 1995 | 1583 Edition, page 2029 | 1583 Edition, page 2105
John Dee

(1527 - 1608)

Mathematician, astronomer and astrologer. [DNB]

Dee is described by Foxe as a 'great coniurer' to whom Philpot was sent, shortly before Philpot's martyrdom. 1563, p. 1445, 1570, p. 1999. This is removed from the 1576 and 1583 editions.

On 29 May 1555, the privy council ordered Sir Francis Englefield to apprehend John Dee and to search for books and papers concerning him. 1583, pp. 1577-78.

On 5 June 1555 the privy council ordered that Cary, John Dee, John Field and Benger should be examined about their confessions concerning the practice of conjuring. 1583, p. 1581.

On 7 June the privy council ordered that Cary, Dee, Field and Benger be examined again about conjuring and witchcraft. 1583, p. 1581.

On 29 August 1555, Dee and Cary were released on bond. 1583, p. 1581.

Robert Smith was examined by John Dee, Harpsfield and Bonner on eucharistic doctrine. 1563, p. 1252, 1570, p. 1870, 1576, p. 1601, 1583, p. 1691.

Robert Smith was again examined before Bonner, Mordant and Dee. 1563, p. 1255, 1570, p. 1872, 1576, p. 1603, 1583, p. 1692.

Philpot's seventh examination on 19 November 1555 was before Bonner; Rochester, chancellor of Lichfield; Chadsey and John Dee. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

In Philpot's seventh examination, John Dee is referred to as Master Dee in 1563 and 1570 and then as Doctor Dee in 1576 and 1583. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

In Philpot's eleventh examination, John Dee is referred to as a 'great conjurer' in 1563 and 1570. The reference is removed in 1576 and 1583. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference is made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

In a letter that was never delivered, Green told Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. Dr Dale, Master George Mordant and Master Dee [not listed here as Dr] were also there. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

Bartlett Green met with John Dee, who was very friendly to him. 1563, p. 1462, 1570, p. 2024, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1853.

[Foxe refers to Dee as 'D.' in the 1576 and 1583 editions. This is discussed in Julian Roberts, 'Bibliographical Aspects of John Foxe' in David Loades (ed.), John Foxe and the English Reformation (Aldershot, 1999), pp. 36-37 and 49].

[Also referred to as 'John D']

1583 Edition, page 1602 | 1583 Edition, page 1715 | 1583 Edition, page 1835 | 1583 Edition, page 1876[Back to Top]
John Deersley

Servant to Stephen Green, shoemaker. Of Ipswich.

John Deersley fled Ipswich for fear of persecution. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2113
John Denley

(d. 1555)

Gentleman from Maidstone in Kent. Martyr.

John Denley was apprehended. 1563, pp. 1244-45, 1570, p. 1864 , 1576, p. 1596, 1583, p. 1683.

Denley sent a letter to John Symson, Ardeley and others in prison. 1563, p. 1246, 1570, p. 1865, 1576, p. 1597, 1583, p. 1684.

Articles were presented against him which he answered. 1563, pp. 1246-47, 1570, pp. 186566 , 1576, pp. 1597-98, 1583, p. 1684-85.

On 1 July 1555 he appeared at the consistory court of St Paul's and was condemned on 5 July. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1597-8, 1583, p. 1685.

Robert Smith was held in a chamber at Bonner's house while Bonner went to condemn John Denley and John Newman. 1563, p. 1252, 1570, p. 1870, 1576, p. 1601, 1583, p. 1691.

Denley sang a psalm at his burning, for which Story rebuked him. He was burned at Uxbridge about 28 July 1555. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1686.

1583 Edition, page 1707 | 1583 Edition, page 1716 | 1583 Edition, page 1974
John Denny

(d. 1556)

Of Essex. Of unknown occupation.

John Denny was examined by Michael Dunning, chancellor of Norwich and Mings the registrar of the town of Beccles.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Foxe records the articles against him. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, pp. 2092-93, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

John Denny was burned on 21 May 1556 with Edmund Pole and Thomas Spicer. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

1583 Edition, page 1936[Back to Top]
John Derifall

(1506? - 1556)

Labourer. Martyr. Of Rettendon, Essex.

John Derifall was called before Lord Rich and Master Mildmay of Chelmsford, who sent him to Bonner to be examined. 1563, p. 1523, 1570, p. 2096, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1914.

On 6 June 1556 Darbyshire, Bonner's chancellor, read articles against him (essentially the same as those against Thomas Whittle), which he answered. 1563, p. 1524, 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1914.

He signed a letter written with his fellow sufferers that berated Feckenham for preaching against them on 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

He was imprisoned at Newgate and burned at Stratford-le-Bow on 27 June 1556. 1563, p. 1525, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1916.

1583 Edition, page 1938
John Dering

(d. 1534) [ODNB sub Elizabeth Barton]

Monk of Christ Church, Canterbury; follower of Eizabeth Barton (Joan of Kent); hanged for treason with her

John Dering was executed for treason. 1570, p. 1199; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1055.

1583 Edition, page 1079
John Devenish

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of London.

John Devenish was examined by Bonner on 19 March 1557. 1570, p. 2231, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2034.

He gave answers to articles against him. 1570, p. 2231, 1576, pp. 1926-27, 1583, p. 2034.

He was burned at Smithfield on 28 March 1558. 1570, p. 2231, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2034.

1583 Edition, page 2058
John Dictier

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 with singing against the mass [Fines]

John Dictier was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Diet (Dyatt)

Student of Corpus Christi, Oxford; Dalaber's account of Garrard's doings in Oxford makes Diet a central figure [Fines]

After Thomas Garrard's arrest and escape, Anthony Dalaber went to see John Diet and Nicholas Udall, his 'faithful brethren'. 1563, p. 606; 1570, p. 1367; 1576, p. 1166; 1583, p. 1195.

Those suspected of heresy at Oxford at the time of the trial of Thomas Garrard and Anthony Dalaber included John Clerk, Henry Sumner, William Bettes, John Taverner, Radley, Nicholas Udall, John Diet, William Eden, John Langport, John Salisbury and Robert Ferrar. 1563, p. 609; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

1583 Edition, page 1219[Back to Top]
John Dillidaffe

Warden of grey friars

John Dillidaffe was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

1583 Edition, page 998
John Dixe

of St Alban's parish; charged as sacramentary in 1541 [Fines]

John Dixe was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174; 1583, p. 1202.

1583 Edition, page 1226
John Doncon

Of Mendlesham.

John Doncon was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

1583 Edition, page 1936
John Douglas

Witness received by king's commission in 1549

A king's commission examined Edmund Bonner in 1549. Finding Bonner's answers to the articles put to him to be unsatisfactory, the commissioners received witnesses against him: John Cheke, Henry Markham, John Joseph, John Douglas and Richard Chambers.. 1563, p. 707; 1570, p. 1510; 1576, p. 1280; 1583, p. 1320.

1583 Edition, page 1344
John Dove

Possibly a constable. OF Frittenden, Kent.

Sir John Baker sent John Dove, Thomas Best, Thomas Linley, Percival Barber, John Tailor and Thomas Henden to the Allins' home to make an inventory of their goods. 1570, p. 2165, 1576, p. 1870, 1583, p. 1979.

1583 Edition, page 2003[Back to Top]
John Dove

Franciscan prior of the White Friars, Calais; Adam Damplip was given permission to preach at the church of the Whitefriars, until the prior objected [Lisle Letters]

John Dove initially preached against the teachings of Adam Damplip, but then planned to work to get him charged. He sent letters to the clergy in England. 1563, p. 657; 1570, p. 1401; 1576, p. 1194; 1583, p. 1224.

1583 Edition, page 1247 | 1583 Edition, page 1248
John Draper

Rector of the parish of Rayleigh, Essex

Foxe prints a copy of a commission, issued by Bishop Bonner, divorcing Draper from his wife Joan Gold, in 1563, p. 931. Foxe relates in subsequent editions that Draper and Gold were divorced, but he does not print the actual document (1570, p. 1591; 1576, p. 1358; 1583, p. 1428).

1583 Edition, page 1452
John Draper

Of Carmarthen

John Draper was one of Robert Ferrar's adversaries. Ferrar charged that Draper improperly examined witnesses against him. 1563, p. 1085; 1583, p. 1550.

1583 Edition, page 1574
John Drayner

(d. before 1570)

Justice. Of Smarden, Kent.

Drayner disliked Gregory Dods, the parson of Smarden, and sent Roger Matthew to spy on him. 1563, p. 1730, 1576, p. 2002, 1583, p. 2112.

Drayner sent Dods before justice George Dorell, who banished him from the country. . 1563, p. 1730, 1576, p. 2002, 1583, p. 2112.

Drayner drilled holes in the rood loft of the church to see who venerated the sacrament. This was discovered and he became nicknamed 'Justice Nine Holes' . 1563, p. 1730, 1576, p. 2002, 1583, p. 2113.

Drayner went to see the printer John Day and verbally attacked him for his portrayal in Foxe's work. Day derided him by calling him Justice Nine Holes and saying that he knew that Drayner had denied his real reason for drilling the holes. Drainer was alleged to have claimed in Cheapside to have drilled the holes to look on women. Drayner denied drilling all the holes and said that the parson drilled some also. . 1563, p. 1730, 1576, p. 2002, 1583, p. 2113.

[Despite Drayner's requests while alive, Foxe did not remove the story from the Acts and Monuments, even after his death.]

1583 Edition, page 2135[Back to Top]
John Dudley

(1502? - 1553)

Duke of Northumberland (DNB)

John Dudley, the Duke of Northumberland brought about the death of the Duke of Somerset because Somerset blocked his ambitions. His execution under Mary is described as a providential punishment for this crime; as Northumberland was being led to the Tower, a woman waved a handkerchief at him which was splattered with Somerset's blood (Rerum, p. 214).

Foxe strongly implies that Northumberland poisoned Edward VI (Rerum, p. 214).

Sir Ralph Fane executed (only) because he had angered Northumberland (Rerum, p. 214).

Foxe comments darkly that the workings of Jane Grey's marriage to Guildford Dudley and of Edward VI's death were mysterious (Rerum, p. 232).

[NB: All of the above references to Dudley, quoted from the Rerum, were never printed in the Actes and Monuments.]

Northumberland sent a letter to Thomas Cranmer, dated 23 July 1550, asking that John Hooper be consecrated without having to swear the customary oath (1570, p. 1676; 1576, p. 1403 [recte 1430], 1583, p. 1504).

He was sent by the Privy Council to take the field against Princess Mary (1563, p. 901; 1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; and 1583, p. 1407; cf. Rerum, p. 233).

He was a signatory to a letter from the Privy Council to Princess Mary, dated 9 July 1553, stating that she was illegitimate and that Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

He fatally delayed in attacking Mary, allowing her to gather support (1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; and 1583, p. 1407).

Northumberland, abandoned by his supporters, was captured at Cambridge (1563, p. 902: 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; and 1583, p. 1407).

Foxe repeats his statement that Northumberland was apprehended and brought to the Tower by Henry Fitzalan, the Earl of Arundel, on 15 July 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He was arraigned and condemned of treason on 18 August 1553, the Duke of Norfolk presiding over the trial (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He heard Mass within the Tower and received the Sacrament there in one kind (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

He was condemned to death and recanted and attended Mass in the hope of a pardon; his recantation was documented widely by the Catholics (1563, p. 902; 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; and 1583, p. 1407-8).

[NB: Foxe ameliorates this slightly in 1570 et seq. by stating that Dudley was definitely offered a pardon. In 1563, Foxe was uncertain about this.]

Northumberland executed (1563, p. 902; 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; 1583, p. 1408).

Northumberland was beheaded on 22 August 1553 on Tower Hill (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1464).

1583 Edition, page 1489
John Dudley

Earl of Warwick; eldest son of the Duke of Northumberland (Complete Peerage)

Committed to the Tower with his father (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

Arraigned and condemned for treason on 18 August 1553 along with his father and the Marques of Northampton (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

1583 Edition, page 1431 | 1583 Edition, page 1489
John Dudley

(1502? - 1553)

Duke of Northumberland (1551 - 1553). Eldest son of Edmund Dudley, councillor to Henry VIII, and Elizabeth Grey. [DNB]

John Dudley, the duke of Northumberland, brought about the death of the duke of Somerset because Somerset blocked his ambitions. His execution under Mary is described as a providential punishment for this crime; as Northumberland was being led to the Tower, a woman waved a handkerchief at him which was splattered with Somerset's blood. Rerum, p. 214.

Foxe strongly implies that Northumberland poisoned Edward VI. Rerum, p. 214.

Sir Ralph Fane was executed (only) because he had angered Northumberland. Rerum, p. 214.

Foxe comments darkly that the workings of Jane Grey's marriage to Guildford Dudley and of Edward VI's death were mysterious. Rerum, p. 232.

[NB: All of the above references to Dudley, quoted from the Rerum, were never printed in the Actes and Monuments.]

Northumberland sent a letter to Thomas Cranmer, dated 23 July 1550, asking that John Hooper be consecrated without having to swear the customary oath. 1570, p. 1676; 1576, p. 1403 [recte 1430], 1583, p. 1504.

He was sent by the privy council to take the field against Princess Mary (1563, p. 901; 1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; and 1583, p. 1407; cf. Rerum, p. 233).

He was a signatory to a letter from the privy council to Princess Mary, dated 9 July 1553, stating that she was illegitimate and that Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

He fatally delayed in attacking Mary, allowing her to gather support (1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; and 1583, p. 1407).

Northumberland, abandoned by his supporters, was captured at Cambridge (1563, p. 902: 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; and 1583, p. 1407).

Foxe repeats his statement that Northumberland was apprehended and brought to the Tower by Henry Fitzalan, the earl of Arundel, on 15 July 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He was arraigned and condemned of treason on 18 August 1553, the duke of Norfolk presiding over the trial (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He heard mass within the Tower and received the sacrament there in one kind (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

He was condemned to death and recanted and attended mass in the hope of a pardon; his recantation was documented widely by the catholics (1563, p. 902; 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; and 1583, p. 1407-8).

[NB: Foxe ameliorates this slightly in 1570 et seq. by stating that Dudley was definitely offered a pardon. In 1563, Foxe was uncertain about this.]

The dukes of Northumberland and Suffolk were executed for their support of Lady Jane Grey. 1563, p. 1474 [recte 1472], 1570, p. 2046, 1576, p. 1764, 1583, p. 1871.

Thomas Cranmer was accused of conspiring with John Dudley, duke of Northumberland. 1563, p. 1483, 1570, p. 2058, 1576, p. 1755, 1583, p. 1881.

Northumberland was executed (1563, p. 902; 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; 1583, p. 1408).

Northumberland was beheaded on 22 August 1553 on Tower Hill (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1464).

1583 Edition, page 1528 | 1583 Edition, page 1886 | 1583 Edition, page 2110
John Dudley

(1504 - 1553) [ODNB]

Viscount Lisle (1542 - 47); earl of Warwick (1547 - 51), lord great chamberlain

Duke of Northumberland 1551; lord president of the privy council (1550 - 52); led support for Lady Jane Grey; executed

Dudley, Lord Lisle, was one of the questioners at the second examination of Anne Askew in 1546. 1563, p. 683; 1570, p. 1417; 1576, p. 1208; 1583, p. 1237.

He was a signatory to a letter from the council to Nicholas Ridley, directing him to remove and destroy all altars within the churches of his diocese and install communion tables. 1563, p. 727; 1570, pp. 1519-20; 1576, p. 1288; 1583, p. 1331.

Dudley was a signatory to a letter of commission against Stephen Gardiner. 1563, p. 777.

Following the taking of the city of Norwich by the Norfolk rebels, John Dudley, earl of Warwick, was sent with an army. The rebels were defeated and their leaders executed. 1570, p. 1500; 1576, p. 1271; 1583, p. 1308.

After Dudley's return from Norfolk, he fell into dispute with Edward Seymour. He and other dissatisfied nobles met together to plan to remove the king from the Lord Protector. 1570, p. 1545; 1576, p. 1317; 1583, p. 1367.

Dudley was one of the signatories to the proclamation against Edward Seymour calling for his removal. 1570, p. 1547; 1576, p. 1318; 1583, p. 1368.

He was one of the signatories to the letter to the lord mayor and common council of London from the lords opposing Edward Seymour. 1570, p. 1547; 1576, p. 1319; 1583, p. 1369.

Seymour was imprisoned for the second time in 1551 and charged with treason and felony. He was acquitted of treason, but condemned for felony, intending the death of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, and others. 1570, p. 1549; 1576, p. 1321; 1583, p. 1371.

After Stephen Gardiner had been in the Tower for nearly a year, Sir William Paulet and Sir William Petre, the earl of Warwick and Sir William Herbert delivered the king's letters to him. 1563, pp. 761-62; 1570, pp. 1529-30; 1576, p. 1304; 1583, p. 1354.

Edward Seymour, John Russell, John Dudley and Sir William Petre visited Stephen Gardiner in the Tower at various times to attempt to get him to accept the king's reforms. 1563, pp. 766; 1570, p. 1532; 1576, p. 1306; 1583, p. 1356.

Dudley was a deponent in the case of Stephen Gardiner. 1563, pp. 822-24

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John Dudman

Landlord of an alehouse in London.

Members of a surreptitious protestant group resided at Dudman's alehouse, according to Stephen Morris's confession. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

John Duffet

of St Owen's parish in Newgate Street; charged in 1541 for marrying a woman thought to be a nun [Fines]

John Duffet was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227[Back to Top]
John Duffild

John Twyford, who had a grudge against Thomas Merial, brought together a group of men, plied them with wine, and had them give evidence against him. John Duffild was one of these. 1570, p. 1440; 1583, p. 1257.

1583 Edition, page 1281
John Duns Scotus

(c. 1265 - 1308 [ODNB]

Scottish Franciscan friar; theologian. Studied and taught at Oxford, Cambridge and Paris; DTh Paris 1305. One of the friars who supported Philip IV against Boniface VIII over taxation of the French clergy.

John Dun Scotus wrote on transubstantiation. 1570, p. 1314, 1576, p. 1124, 1583, p. 1149.

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John Eaton

of Speen, Hertfordshire [Fines]

John Eaton was accused of refusing to look at the sacrament and criticising church bells. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

1583 Edition, page 1009[Back to Top]
John Eckius (i.e. Johann Eck)

(1486 - 1543)

German catholic theologian, the most influential and authoritative opponent of Martin Luther. Luther refers to him in 1570, p. 2307, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, p. 2107. The death of Eck is referred to in John Carion's Chronicles and referred to by Foxe in 1570, p. 2307, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, p. 2107.

1583 Edition, page 2131
John Edmunds

(d. in or before 1544) [ODNB]

College head. DTh Cambridge 1519/20

John Edmunds was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1212; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

1583 Edition, page 1088
John Edmunds

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 with despising holy bread and holy water

John Edmunds was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Edwards

Witness against James Bainham in 1532

At James Bainham's last examination, John Edwards testified against him. 1563, p. 498; 1570, p. 1171; 1576, p. 1001; 1583, p. 1029.

1583 Edition, page 1053
John Erskine

(d. 1555) [ODNB sub John Erskine, 17th or 1st earl of Mar]

5th Lord Erskine; one of the lords charged with the custody of the young James V; ambassador and councillor; guardian of the infant Mary Queen of Scots, accompanied her to France in 1548

John Erskine sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

1583 Edition, page 1283[Back to Top]
John Evans

Chaplain to Robert Ferrar; vicar of Carew [Andrew J. Brown, Robert Ferrar (London, 1997), p. 227]

John Evans was collated by Robert Ferrar to the vicarage of Penbryn in Cardiganshire, allegedly in violation of royal rights of patronage to this benefice. 1563, pp. 1085, 1088-89 and 1094; 1583, pp. 1544, 1547 and 1551.

1583 Edition, page 1568
John Ewring

Miller. Husband of Ellen Ewring. Of Colchester.

Ellen Ewring was returned to her husband after being indicted for heresy in Colchester. She remained at home for a brief period but then met with Robert Mainard, the bailiff of Colchester, who kissed her and welcomed her home. She told him she knew he had given her a Judas kiss, and she was arrested again and sent to the Mote-hall. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

1583 Edition, page 2031
John Failes

John Failes delivered a letter by Sir Nicholas Hare to Edmond Tyrrell. 1563, p. 1245, 1570, p. 1864, 1576, p. 1596, 1583, p. 1683.

1583 Edition, page 1707
John Fairstead (alias Henry Fersted)

of Colchester [Fines]

John Fairstead was charged in London in 1531 for speaking against images. 1570, p. 1187; 1576, p. 1016; 1583, p. 1044.

1583 Edition, page 1068
John Falkes

(fl. 1485)

Of Coventry.

John Falkes was accused of heresy. 1563, p. 1739.

[Back to Top]
John Farthing

(d. 1560)

Rector of St Margaret Lothbury, London (1554 - 1560) [Newcourt I, p. 401].

Farthing visited James Trevisam on his deathbed in July 1555. Initially all went well, but afterwards a person named Toller informed Farthing that Trevisam's beliefs about the sacrament of the altar were unorthodox. Farthing re-visited Trevisam and examined him about this. Trevisam refused to conform to Farthing's views. Trevisam reported this to Bishop Bonner of London who ordered that Trevisam not receive Christian burial. 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1577, 1583, p. 1665.

1583 Edition, page 1689
John Faucet

(d. 1580)

Born in Sedbergh, Yorkshire. [Venn]

John Bland was once tutor to Dr Faucet. 1563, p. 1227, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1582, 1583, p. 1670.

Faucet stated that he was brought up in the same house and born in the same parish as Bland, and then warned him not to take a stand against the church. Bland dismissed him. 1563, p. 1226, 1570, p. 1849, 1576, p. 1582 1583, 1583, p. 1670.

He took part in Thornden's examination of Bland. 1563, p. 1225, 1570, p. 1849, 1576, p. 1582, 1583, p. 1670.

Bland was given the chance to talk to Faucet in private if he wished. 1563, p. 1226, 1570, p. 1850, 1576, p. 1583, 1583, p. 1671.

William Hopper was examined before Nicholas Harpsfield, Thornden, Richard Thornden, Faucet and Robert Collins; he answered and was condemned. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

Henry Lawrence was examined before Nicholas Harpsfield, Thornden, Richard Thornden, Faucet and Robert Collins; he answered and was condemned. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

William Sterne was examined before Nicholas Harpsfield, Richard Thornden, Faucet, and Robert Collins; he answered and was condemned. 1563, p. 1250, 1570, p. 1868, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1688.

Richard Wright was examined before Nicholas Harpsfield, Thornden, bishop of Dover, Faucet and Robert Collins; he answered and was condemned. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

William Cokar was examined before Nicholas Harpsfield, Richard Thornden, Faucet, and Robert Collins; he answered and was condemned. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1688.

Faucet was judge at the examination of John Lomas, Agnes Snotten, Anne Albright, Joan Sole, and Joan Catmer. 1563, p. 1470, 1570, p. 2032, 1576, p. 1751, 1583, p. 1859.

[Note that for the examinations of Hopper, Lawrence, Sterne, Wright, and Cokar, he is listed as 'Rich. Faucet'.]

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John Fauconer

John Fauconer berated Richard Woodman, saying that he was no angel (an accusation had been made by parishioners that he had said he was an angel). 1570, p. 2171, 1576, p. 1875, 1583, p. 1984.

1583 Edition, page 2010
John Feckenham

(1518? - 1585)

Dean of St Paul's. Last abbot of Westminster. [DNB]

Feckenham was made dean of St Paul's on Midsummer's Day, 1554. 1563, p. 1151; 1570, pp. 1636 and 1760; 1576, pp. 1396 and 1551 [recte 1503]; 1583, pp. 1467 and 1587

He conversed with Thomas Hawkes in June 1554 trying to persuade him to recant. 1563, pp. 1153-54; 1570, p. 1762; 1576, p. 1505; 1583, pp. 1588-89

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference was made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

Feckenham traveled to Colchester with Bishop Bonner to try to win Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed back to catholicism. 1563, p. 1104; 1570, p. 1716; 1576, p. 1465; 1583, p. 1539.

He tried to persuade Hooper to recant after he was condemned on 29 January 1555. The effort was unsuccessful but false rumors spread that Hooper had recanted. 1563, p. 1057; 1570, p. 1680; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, p. 1507.

Feckenham was one of those who presided over an examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

He was one of those who examined first Thomas Causton, and then Thomas Higbed, in Bonner's palace on 8 March 1555. 1563, p. 1105; 1570, p. 1718; 1576, p. 1466; 1583, p. 1540.

He wrote a ballad, Caveat emptor , on the subject of the restoration of monastic lands. 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1497; 1583, p. 1559.

Feckenham received a letter from William Paulet. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He discussed eucharistic doctrine with Bartlett Green. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

Feckenham claimed that Green was converted by Peter Martyr's lectures and that Zwingli, Luther, Oecolampadius and Carolostadius could never agree doctrine. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26,, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

[In a letter that was never delivered] Bartlett Green told John Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

A letter by the thirteen prisoners reproaching Feckenham for his slander dated Feckenham's sermon as 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

Feckenham spoke up in defence of John Cheke. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

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John Fetty

(b .1516?)

Father of a child martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of Clerkenwell.

John Fetty was complained of to the priest of his parish, who was named Brokenbury, by Fetty's own wife for not going to church. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.

He was taken by Richard Tanner and his fellow constables to Sir John Mordaunt who then sent him to Cluney, Bonner's summoner. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

He was put in the stocks and remained in prison for 15 days prior to his son's visit to Bonner's house. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

Fetty chided Bonner for his rosary and crucifix. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

Bonner decided to release Fetty and his son, for fear of reproach for the treatment of the boy. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

1583 Edition, page 2079
John Field

(1520 - 1587)

Mathematician and astronomer [DNB]

On 5 June 1555 the privy council ordered that Cary, John Dee, John Field and Benger should be examined about their confessions concerning the practice of conjuring. 1583, p. 1581.

On 7 June the privy council ordered that Cary, Dee, Field and Benger be examined again about conjuring and witchcraft. 1583, p. 1581.

1583 Edition, page 1605
John Finn

Of unknown occupation. Of Ipswich.

John Finn's wife was said by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler not to have taken the sacrament. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2114
John Fishcock

(d. 1557)

Of unknown occupation. Martyr. Of Headcorn, Kent.

John Fishcock was burned with six others at Canterbury on 19 June 1557. 1563, p. 1571, 1570, p. 2167, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1980.

[Denied the Real Presence under examination but had difficulty in explaining his beliefs and asked for guidance and instruction from his examiners. See BL, Harley 421, dos.101r-103r.]

1583 Edition, page 2004[Back to Top]
John Fisher

(1459 - 1535)

Vice-chancellor of Cambridge University (1501 - 1504). Chancellor of Cambridge University (1504). Bishop of Rochester (1504 - 1535). (DNB)

Equivalences are drawn between the deaths of Northumberland and Thomas More, and of Fisher and Cranmer. 1563, p. 1499, 1570, p. 2064, 1576, p. 1781, 1583, p. 1885.

John Fisher was executed on Tower Hill for rejecting the royal supremacy. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1991. 1583, p. 2101.

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John Fisher

(c. 1469 - 1535) [ODNB]

Vice-chancellor of Cambridge University (1501 - 1504); chancellor of Cambridge University (1504); bishop of Rochester (1504 - 34); cardinal; martyr

John Fisher preached a sermon at the penance of Robert Barnes. 1563, p. 602; 1570, p. 1365; 1576, p. 1165; 1583, p. 1193.

Fisher preached a sermon against Luther in 1526. 1563, p. 436; 1570, p. 1129; 1576, p. 967; 1583, pp. 993-94.

Thomas Wolsey, William Warham, Cuthbert Tunstall, John Fisher, Nicholas West, John Veysey, John Longland, John Clerk and Henry Standish took part in the examination of Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur in 1527-28. 1563, pp. 461-78; 1570, pp. 1134-46; 1576, pp. 971-81; 1583, pp. 998-1008.

John Fisher was one of the chief advocates for Queen Catherine before the papal legates considering the matter of the divorce. 1563, p. 458; 1570, p. 1194; 1576, p. 1023; 1583, p. 1051.

Fisher protested in parliament in 1530 about the proposed bill relating to the probate of testaments, saying it would mean the ruin of the church. 1570, p. 1131; 1576, p. 968; 1583, p. 995.

Thomas Hitten was imprisoned by Archbishop Warham and Bishop Fisher, tortured and then burnt at Maidstone. 1570, p. 1134; 1576, p. 971; 1583, pp. 997-98.

The bishop of Rochester said that angels were ministers to the souls in purgatory. 1570, p. 1156; 1576, p. 990; 1583, p. 1017.

Fisher wrote against Johann Oecolampadius and Luther. He was a persecutor of John Frith. He and Sir Thomas More had Frith burnt. 1570, p. 1216; 1576, p. 1042; 1583, p. 1068.

Fisher was associated with Elizabeth Barton (Joan of Kent). He was convicted of misprision of treason, had his goods confiscated and was imprisoned. 1570, p. 1199; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1055.

John Fisher, Sir Thomas More and Nicholas Wilson refused to swear an oath on the king's supremacy and were imprisoned in the Tower. Fisher and More were executed. 1570, pp. 1200, 1216; 1576, pp. 1028, 1042; 1583, pp. 1056, 1068.

The pope promoted John Fisher to cardinal, but Fisher was executed before he could be elevated. 1570, p. 1216; 1576, p. 1042; 1583, p. 1069.

Fisher is one of the Catholic martyrs written of by Nicholas Harpsfield. 1570, p. 1375; 1576, p. 1173; 1583, p. 1201.

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John Fitzjames

BA Oxford 1525; room-mate of Anthony Dalaber; shared a room with him for the night at St Alban's Hall in 1528 [Fines]

Anthony Dalaber had spent the night after the escape of Thomas Garrard with his old room-mate John Fitzjames. When Dalaber was examined by Anthony Dunstan, he was not believed. 1563, p. 607; 1570, p. 1368; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1195.

1583 Edition, page 1219
John Floyd

(d. 1558)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of London.

John Floyd was apprehended in Islington and appeared before Bonner on 14 June 1558. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

Articles against him were administered and answers given. 1563, pp. 1559-61, 1570, pp. 2235-36, 1576, p. 2235, 1583, p. 2037.

He was condemned by Bonner. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

He was burned at Smithfield on 27 June 1558. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2039.

1583 Edition, page 2061
John Ford

Student at the Inner Temple

John Ford supplied Foxe with deeds purporting to show the acceptance of clerical marriage and the right of their wives and children to inherit. 1570, pp. 1135-37; 1576, pp. 1139-41; 1583, pp. 1168-69.

1583 Edition, page 1192[Back to Top]
John Ford

Soldier of Calais

Richard Thorpe and John Ford accused John Butler of speaking heresy. 1570, p. 1403; 1576, p. 1196; 1583, p. 1226.

1583 Edition, page 1250
John Foreman

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation and origin.

John Foreman was burned at Grinstead in Sussex on 18 July 1556. 1563, p. 1545, 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1855, 1583, p. 1949.

1583 Edition, page 1973 | 1583 Edition, page 2048
John Forest

(c. 1470 - 1538) [ODNB]

Franciscan friar; Catholic martyr

Regular preacher at Paul's Cross; opponent of the king's divorce; convicted of heresy, burnt (the wooden image of Dderfel Gadam from the pilgimage site of Llandderfel, north Wales, was added to the fire)

John Forest preached at Paul's Cross against the visitation of religious houses ordered by Cardinal Wolsey. 1570, p. 1121; 1576, p. 960; 1583, p. 987.

Forest was accused of denying that the king was head of the church. He refused to abjure and was burnt at Smithfield. The image of Dderfel Gadam was burnt with him. 1563, p. 571; 1570, p. 1254; 1576, p. 1074; 1583, p. 1100.

1583 Edition, page 1011 | 1583 Edition, page 1124[Back to Top]
John Fortune

(d. 1556)

Blacksmith. Possibly martyred. Of Hintlesham, Suffolk.

John Fortune was examined sometime shortly before 20 April 1556 by Dr Parker and Master Foster. 1563, p. 1636, 1570, pp. 2099-2100, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, p. 1918.

His second examination was before the bishop of Norwich. 1563, pp. 1636-37, 1570, p. 2100, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

His third examination was before the bishop of Norwich. 1563, pp. 1637-38, 1570, p. 2100, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, p. 1919.

Foxe was unclear whether or not Fortune was actually martyred. The register at Norwich indicated that he had been condemned and sentenced, but Foxe was dubious as to whether or not the sentence was carried out. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, pp. 1812-13, 1583, p. 1919.

[Alias Cutler.]

1583 Edition, page 1941 | 1583 Edition, page 1942
John Foster

Cutler of St Brides parish, Fleet Street. Husband of Isabel Foster, martyr. 1563, p. 1468, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1750, 1583, p. 1857.

1583 Edition, page 1881
John Foxe

(1517 - 1587) [DNB]

Almost certainly he is the ?I. F.? who composed Latin verses in response to John White?s Latin verses praising the marriage of Philip and Mary (1563, p. 1005; 1570, p. 1643; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1472).

John Foxe

Of Stoke, Suffolk.

John Foxe was a member of the congregation persecuted in Stoke, Suffolk. 1563, p. 1698, 1570, p. 2277, 1576, p. 1966, 1583, p. 2074.

John Foxe and John Steyre would not communicate when challenged. 1563, p. 1698, 1570, p. 2277, 1576, p. 1966, 1583, p. 2074.

Foxe met with the women that his wife had talked to and begged their forgiveness. 1563, p. 1698, 1570, p. 2277, 1576, p. 1966, 1583, p. 2074.

[Husband of Elizabeth Foxe. Not to be confused with John Foxe the martyrologist.]

1583 Edition, page 2098[Back to Top]
John Franke

of Tenterden, Kent

John Franke abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
John Frankesh

(d. 1555)

Vicar of Rolvenden and martyr.

Foxe records Frankesh's last examination and condemnation. 1570, p. 1856, 1576, p. 1588, 1583, pp. 1675-76.

Frankesh was condemned by Richard Thornden on 25 June 1555. 1570, p. 1856, 1576, p. 1588, 1583, pp. 1675-76.

On 12 July 1555 he was burned with John Bland, Nicholas Sheterden and Humphrey Middleton at Canterbury. 1563, p. 1217, 1570, p. 1843, 1576, p. 1577, 1583, p. 1665.

[Also referrred to by Foxe as Frank.]

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John Frankling

John Frankling was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979[Back to Top]
John Frederick I (the Magnanimous)

(1503 - 1554) [C. Scott Dixon and M. Greengrass, www.leedstrinity.ac.uk/histcourse/reformat/biograph.htm]

Eldest son of Elector Johann 'The Constant' and nephew of Elector Friedrich 'the Wise'

Elector of Saxony (1532 - 54); early, strong supporter of Luther

Robert Barnes fled England and went to Germany, where he found favour with Luther, Melancthon, Bugenhagen, Justus Jonas, Hegendorph, Æpinus, the duke (elector) of Saxony and the king of Denmark. 1563, p. 603; 1570, p. 1366; 1576, p. 1165; 1583, p. 1194.

When Martin Luther was called to Rome to answer charges of heresy, John Frederick pleaded to have him tried by impartial judges. 1570, p. 1477; 1576, p. 1252; 1583, p. 1289.

The duke of Saxony was married to the sister of Anne of Cleves. He was thought not to approve of the proposed marriage between Anne and Henry VIII. 1570, p. 1296; 1576, p. 1109; 1583, p. 1134.

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John French

of Long Witham, Lincolnshire [Fines]

Charged in the Lincoln diocese in 1530; charged in 1543 in the Canterbury diocese

John French was charged with refusing to believe in transubstatiation, confession or absolution. He was made to ask for Rome's blessing. 1570, p. 1120; 1576, p. 959; 1583, p. 986.

1583 Edition, page 1010[Back to Top]
John Frith

(1503 - 1533)

Theologian and early martyr [DNB; H. Hillerbrand (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation, 1996]

Foxe refers to Frith's early career and doctrine. 1583, p. 2126.

Frith's confutation of the writings of Sir Thomas More caused many to seek his destruction. 1583, p. 2126.

Henry VIII directed Cranmer and Cromwell (and others, including Stokesly) to examine Frith. 1583, pp. 2126-27.

Hubberdin railed against Latimer, and also railed against Luther, Melancthon, Zwingli, Frith, and Tyndale. Hubberdin danced in the pulpit. 1570, p. 1912, 1576, p. 1639, 1583, p. 1748.

1583 Edition, page 1766 | 1583 Edition, page 1999 | 1583 Edition, page 2125 | 1583 Edition, page 2149
John Frith

(1503 - 1533) [ODNB; Hillerbrand]

Theologian and early martyr

BA Cambridge 1525; called by Wolsey to Cardinal College, Oxford

Imprisoned, fled abroad; returned 1531; arrested, placed in the Tower. Burnt at Smithfield

John Frith was converted at Cambridge by William Tyndale. 1563, p. 497; 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1031.

Frith was one of the scholars imprisoned at Cardinal College for attending an illegal assembly. 1563, p. 441; 1570, p. 1133; 1576, p. 970; 1583, p. 997.

He and others were released on Wolsey's orders. When he heard of the examination and bearing of faggots of Dalaber and Garrard, he fled overseas. He returned two years later, was arrested at Reading as a vagabond and put in the stocks. He asked to see the schoolmaster there, Leonard Cox, who helped to free him.1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

John Frith translated Patrick Hamilton's 'Places' into English and wrote a preface to it. 1570, p. 1109; 1576, p. 948; 1583, p. 975.

John Frith wrote an answer to Sir Thomas More's book on purgatory. 1570, p. 1157; 1576, p. 990; 1583, p. 1017.

Frith preached repentance and had his books burned. 1570, p. 39; 1576, p. 32; 1583, p. 32.

William Tyndale met John Frith in Germany and became determined to translate the scriptures into English. 1570, p. 1226; 1576, p. 1049; 1583, p. 1076.

While abroad, Richard Bayfield met William Tyndale and John Frith and sold their books in France and in England. 1563, p. 484; 1570, p. 1161; 1576, p. 993; 1583, p. 1021.

Lambert translated works from Latin and Greek to English and then went abroad to join William Tyndale and John Frith. 1563, p. 527; 1570, p. 1255; 1576, p. 1075; 1583, p. 1101.

Frith wrote against Sir Thomas More to a friend, who innocently showed the letter to William Holt. Holt then took the letter to More. 1563, p. 498; 1570, p. 1175; 1576, p. 1005; 1583, p. 1032.

Frith was taken first to the archbishop of Canterbury at Lambeth, then to the bishop of Winchester at Croydon, and then to London to plead his case before the assembled bishops. He was imprisoned in the Tower. From there he wrote to his friends, describing his examination before John Stokesley, Stephen Gardiner and John Longland. 1563, pp. 501-03; 1570, pp. 1176-78; 1576, pp. 1006-08; 1583, pp. 1034-35.

Frith refused to retract his articles and was condemned. John Stokesley pronounced sentence and turned him over to the mayor and sheriffs of London. He was taken to Smithfield and burnt. 1563, p. 504; 1570, p. 1178; 1576, p. 1008; 1583, p. 1036.

Frith was one of the authors whose books were banned by the proclamation of 1546. 1563, p. 676; 1570, p. 1427; 1576, p. 1216; 1583, p. 1246.

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John Fronton

Lawyer. Of Bristol.

John Fronton went to Spain when Nicholas Burton was arrested and had his goods seized. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

He persistently visited the Tarragona, chief of the inquisition in Seville, to petition for Nicholas Burton. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1950, 1583, p. 2056.

Members of the inquisition frustrated Fronton's attempts to help Burton for several months. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1950, 1583, p. 2056.

Gasco, one of the inquisitors, bid Fronton meet with him after dinner one night. However, Fronton was arrested upon arrival and later brought before the court. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1950, 1583, p. 2056.

Fronton was deemed a heretic for not saying 'Ave Maria'. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1951, 1583, p. 2056.

1583 Edition, page 2081
John Fryer (Freer)

(1498/9 - 1563) [ODNB]

b. Balsham, Cambridgeshire; physician; BA Cambridge 1522; MA 1525; appointed to Wolsey's Cardinal College, Oxford 1525; imprisoned 1528; MD Padua 1535; fellow of the College of Physicians 1536, president 1549, 1550; returned to Catholicism in later life; imprisoned in 1561 in the Tower; died of plague

John Fryer was one of the scholars Wolsey gathered for Cardinal College. 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

1583 Edition, page 1056
John Fuller

(d. 1558)

Master of Jesus College, Cambridge. Chancellor of Ely. [DNB]

John Fuller examined Pygot and Wolsey about their doctrinal beliefs. 1570, pp. 1893-94, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Fuller gave Wolsey a book [Dr. Watson's Book of Sermons or Homilies] to read. That night when Fuller returned to Wolsey, he saw that Wolsey had crossed out the content of the book. Fuller called him a heretic. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Fuller gave Wolsey the chance to avoid being examined, which Wolsey refused. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

During Easter week William Wolsey conferred with Fuller, Christopherson and Dr Young. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Fuller condemned Pygot and Wolsey on 9 October 1555. 1563, p. 1283 [states around 4 October], 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621, 1583, p. 1715.

He sent Wolsey to Ely prison until his execution. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

1583 Edition, page 1739
John Fuller

(d. 1558/9) [ODNB]

BCL Oxford 1533; DCL 1546; master of Jesus College, Cambridge (1557 - 58) Chancellor of Norwich (1554); chancellor of Ely (1554 - 58)

John Fuller was a witness in 1551 to the sentence against Stephen Gardiner and his appellation. 1563, p. 867.

[Back to Top]
John Galant

John Galant is described as a zealous professor of the gospel. He visited Julins Palmer in prison, questioned Palmer and wrote down his story. This forms part of Foxe's narrative. 1570, p. 2121, 1576, p. 1844 [recte 1832], 1583, pp. 1937-38.

1583 Edition, page 1961
John Gardiner

of St Matthew's parish; one of 9 presented in 1541 for gathering in the evening and bringing in bad preachers [Fines]

John Gardiner was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Glasier

Bachelor of law; commissary to Stephen Gardiner

John Glasier was a deponent in the case of Gardiner. 1563, p. 840.

John Glover

(d. 1555)

Gentleman. Elder brother to Robert Glover, the martyr, and brother to William Glover. Of Mancetter, Warwickshire.

Laurence Saunders sent John and Robert Glover a farewell letter on the morning he was burned.1570, p. 1674; 1576, p. 1428; 1583, p. 1502.

John Glover is described by Foxe as a constant professor of the gospel, who was 'exempted' after his death and cast out of the same church. 1563, p. 1277, 1570, p. 1891, 1576, p. 1615, 1583, p. 1714.

He wanted to take the place of his brother, Robert, but others persuaded him to avoid such risks. A search was then made for him late in Mary's reign by the authorities. 1563, p. 1277, 1570, p. 1892, 1576, p. 1615, 1583, p. 1714.

The mayor of Coventry warned John Glover of his impending arrest. 1563, p. 1277, 1570, p. 1892, 1576, p. 1615, 1583, p. 1714.

John Glover escaped being arrested as he was fit enough to flee, although his brother Robert was ill and so was apprehended. 1570, p. 2275, 1576, p. 1964, 1583, p. 2071.

John Glover hid in the woods while the authorities looked for him and examined his wife, Agnes. He died of an ague brought on by hiding in the woods. 1563, p. 1277, 1570, p. 1892, 1576, p. 1620, 1583, p. 1714.

John Careless sent greetings to John Glover in a letter to Augustine Bernher. 1570, pp. 2109-10, 1576, pp. 1820-21.1583, pp. 1927-28.

After his death John Glover was buried in the churchyard but Chancellor Draycot demanded that he be dug up. The priest protested, as Glover had been buried for six weeks and therefore stank, so Draycot insisted that Glover be denounced as damned from the pulpit and then dug up after one year and his bones be thrown over the wall into the highway. This information was given by the parson of the town to Hugh Burrows of Fynden in Derbyshire and to Glover's wife, Agnes, who gave the information to Foxe. 1563, p. 1277, 1570, p. 1892, 1576, p. 1620, 1583, p. 1714.

1583 Edition, page 1526 | 1583 Edition, page 1733 | 1583 Edition, page 1738 | 1583 Edition, page 1952 | 1583 Edition, page 2036 | 1583 Edition, page 2095
John Goch

Goch was inducted to the rectory of Hasguard, Pembrokeshire, in 1550 by Thomas Young without the knowledge of Bishop Ferrar. Ferrar challenged Goch's right to the benefice. 1563, pp. 1085, 1089 and 1094; 1583, pp. 1544, 1547 and 1551.

[In the documents which Foxe used, Goch's name was anglicised to John Gough; see Andrew J. Brown, Robert Ferrar (London, 1997), p. 313 n. 6.]

[Also referred to as 'John Gough']

1583 Edition, page 1568[Back to Top]
John Goffe

of St Mary at Hill; presented in 1541 with John Sempe for despising an anthem of Our Lady [Fines]

John Goffe was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Goose

(d. 1474) [Thomson]

Chiltern Lollard; abjured 1464; taken to London, burnt as a relapsed heretic on Tower Hill

John Goose was one of those Sir Thomas More in his The Supplication of Purgatory said the souls in purgatory railed against. 1570, p. 1156; 1576, p. 990; 1583, p. 1017.

1583 Edition, page 1041
John Goreway

(d. 1555)

Martyr. Of Holy Trinity Parish, Coventry, Warwickshire. [Fines]

Significat dated 30 August 1555 (C/85/64/12). [Fines]

John Goreway was burned in mid-September 1555 at Lichfield. 1563, p. 1273, 1570, pp. 1884-85, 1576, p. 1614, 1583, p. 1708.

[Foxe also refers to him as John 'Coreway'.]

1583 Edition, page 1732
John Gosnold

(by 1507 - 1554) [Bindoff]

MP Ipswich (1547, 1553); JP Suffolk (1543 - death); JP Middlesex (1547 - death); solicitor general for Edward VI (1552 - 53)

John Gosnold was a member of the king's commission that attempted to administer an oath to Bishop Bonner and the clergy of St Paul's and that gave Bonner a list of injunctions. 1563, p. 689; 1570, p. 1501; 1576, pp. 1272-73; 1583, p. 1309.

After Edmund Bonner was sentenced to prison and deprived of his bishopric, the king appointed Lord Rich, Henry marquess of Dorset, Thomas Goodrich, Lord Wentworth, Sir Anthony Wingfield, Sir William Herbert, Nicholas Wotton, Edward Montague, Sir John Baker, Judge Hales, John Gosnold, John Oliver and Griffith Leyson to examine his documents. They confirmed the sentence against him. 1563, p. 725; 1570, p. 1519; 1576, pp. 1287-88; 1583, p. 1330.

After Stephen Gardiner's sequestration, Thomas Cranmer, Nicholas Ridley, Thomas Goodrich, Henry Holbeach, Sir William Petre, Sir James Hales, Griffith Leyson, John Oliver and John Gosnold were commissioned to examine him. 1563, p. 776; 1570, p. 1535; 1576, p. 1309; 1583, p. 1358.

1583 Edition, page 1333 | 1583 Edition, page 1354 | 1583 Edition, page 1382
John Gough

Printer of Fleet Street; sent to the Fleet in 1541 for printing and selling seditious books [Fines]

John Gough was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1205.

1583 Edition, page 1229
John Gray

Of Wingham. Servant to John Smith.

John Gray went to the defence of Ramsy, the former clerk of the parish of Adisham, during the furore at mass between the Austens and John Bland, and was nearly himself taken by the mob. 1563, p. 1220, 1570, p. 1845, 1576, p. 1579, 1583, p. 1666.

1583 Edition, page 1690
John Grebill, junior

of Tenterden, Kent; son of Agnes Grebill, witness against her; abjured 1511, aged 21; given a lighter penance than the others [N. P. Tanner in Lollardy and the Gentry in the Later Middle Ages, M. Aston and C. Richmond (eds.) (New York, 1997)]

John Grebill was a witness against William Carder. 1570, p. 1454; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1276.

John Grebill abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

John was called to testify against his mother, which he did. She was condemned to death. 1570, p. 1454; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1276.

1583 Edition, page 1300
John Grebill, senior

Weaver of Tenterden, later of Benenden, Kent; husband of Agnes Grebill; taught her, witness against her; abjured 1511; sentenced to perpetual imprisonment in the Augustinian priory at Bilsington, Kent [ODNB sub Lollard women; N. P. Tanner in Lollardy and the Gentry in the Later Middle Ages, M. Aston and C. Richmond (eds.) (New York, 1997)]

John Grebill abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

John Grebill was called to testify against his wife, which he did. She was condemned to death. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1277.

1583 Edition, page 1300[Back to Top]
John Greene

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged with his wife and 6 others in 1541 for insulting the sacraments and ceremonies [Fines]

John Greene was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Greenwich

Of unknown occupation. Of Ipswich, Suffolk.

John Greenwich was said by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler not to have taken the sacrament. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2114
John Grene

of St Martin's at the Well with 2 buckets; one of 11 presented in 1541 for condemning church ceremonies

John Grene was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Grey

(d. 1569)

2nd Marquis of Dorset; uncle of Lady Jane Grey

Captured with his brother, the Duke of Suffolk, on 11 February 1554 (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1397; 1583, p. 1467).

Arraigned and convicted of treason on 20 February 1554 (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1397; 1583, p. 1467).

Released from the Tower on 30 October 1554 (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p. 1403; 1583, p. 1473).

1583 Edition, page 1491 | 1583 Edition, page 1497[Back to Top]
John Grierson

(c. 1486 - 1564?) [ODNB]

BTh 1516; prior of St Andrews, provincial of Dominicans (1523 - 59); dean of the theology faculty of St Andrews 1553

John Grierson was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

Grierson sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

Grierson sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

1583 Edition, page 998 | 1583 Edition, page 1296 | 1583 Edition, page 1299
John Griffith

Sheriff of Bristol.

John Griffith oversaw the burning of martyrs in Bristol. 1563, p. 1736.

Griffith prepared green wood for William Saxton's burning on 18 September. John Pikes took pity on him and brought helm sheaves from a town half a mile away, and Saxton died with little pain. 1583, p. 2148.

1583 Edition, page 2172
John Grove

In a letter Green asked Bartham Calthorp to remember John Grove, an 'honest poor man', along with his 'accomplices' Traiford and Rice Aprice. 1563, p. 1466, 1570, p. 2028, 1576, p. 1747, 1583, p. 1855.

1583 Edition, page 1880[Back to Top]
John Gwyn

(d. 1556)

John Gwyn was burned at Newbury, around 16 July 1556, with Thomas Askin and Julins Palmer. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

1583 Edition, page 1958
John Gybbes

Coroner. Gentleman.

Assisted by twelve other men, John Gybbes buried William Wyseman, who had died in prison 13 December 1555. 1563, p. 1387, 1570, p. 1960, 1576, p. 1688, 1583, p. 1795.

John Gye

John Gye was servant to Master Tyrrell. He was a herd at Tyrell's farm called Plumborough. 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

He was blamed by Tyrrell for allowing sermons in the woods near Hockley to take place. 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

Tyrrell tried unsucessfully to force John Gye to seek out Tyms, whom Tyrrell believed to be behind the sermons in the woods. 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

Gye had his coat taken from him by Tyrrell, who then gave it to John Trayfor; he was then sent to 'S. Tosies'. 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

1583 Edition, page 1919
John Gyrlyng

of Birbrook, Essex. He, his wife and daughter were charged in 1528 [Fines]

John Gyrlyng, his wife and daughter, along with others of Birbrook, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
John Hacker (Ebbe, Richardson)

Holy water bearer (parish clerk) of Colman Street, London [Fines]

Learned heretical Lollard beliefs from Thomas Vincent; leader of Berkshire Lollards discovered in 1527 by Cuthbert Tunstall; accused in Amersham in 1521, abjured; accused again in 1528, naming co-religionists each time

Alice Doyly was accused of praising the preaching and prophecies of John Hacker. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

John Hacker, with others, abjured. 1563, p. 418.

1583 Edition, page 1008[Back to Top]
John Hale

(d. 1535) [ODNB sub Richard Reynolds]

Vicar of Isleworth, the parish in which Syon Abbey stood; Catholic martyr executed with Richard Reynolds and 3 Carthusian priors

Richard Reynolds and John Hale were executed with John Houghton, Robert Lawrence, and Augustine Webster. 1570, p. 1217; 1576, p. 1042; 1583, p. 1069.

Hale is one of the Catholic martyrs written of by Nicholas Harpsfield. 1570, p. 1375; 1576, p. 1173; 1583, p. 1201.

1583 Edition, page 1093 | 1583 Edition, page 1225
John Hallingdale

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of London.

John Hallingdale was examined before Bonner on 5 November 1557. 1563, p. 1638, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, p. 1918, 1583, p. 2025.

Articles against him were ministered and answers given. 1563, pp. 1638, 1640-42, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, pp. 1918-19, 1583, pp. 2025-26.

During his examination, John Hallingdale said that Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley and Hooper were not heretics. 1563, p. 1638, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, p. 1919, 1583, p. 2026.

He was condemned on 6 November 1557. 1563, p. 1638, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, p. 1919, 1583, p. 2026.

He was burned at Smithfield on 18 November 1557. 1563, p. 1638, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, p. 1919, 1583, p. 2026.

1583 Edition, page 2049
John Haman [alias Barker]

Of Coddenham, Suffolk.

John Haman, along with George Looson, arrested Thomas Spurdance, who had fled Cornfield for not attending mass. 1563, p. 1677.

1583 Edition, page 2049
John Hamilton

(1510/11 - 1571) [ODNB]

Abbot of Paisley 1536, fathered 6 illegitimate children with Grizzel Sempill; Lord High Treasurer (1545 - 53); bishop of Dunkeld (1546 - 47); archbishop of St Andrews )1547 - 71); supporter of Mary; hanged

John Hamilton sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

John Hamilton, as archbishop of St Andrews, sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

Along with the bishops of Caithness and Aberdeen, John Hamilton opposed the directing of the Lord's Prayer to saints. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

1583 Edition, page 1283 | 1583 Edition, page 1296 | 1583 Edition, page 1298
John Hamond

(d. 1556)

Tanner. Martyr. Of Colchester.

John Hamond was delivered to John Kingstone, bachelor of civil law, and then commissory to Gardiner, by the earl of Oxford on 28 March 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1803, 1583, p. 1909.

Foxe records the articles against him and his answers. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, pp. 2089-90, 1576, pp. 1802-03, 1583, p. 1909.

He was burned at Colchester on 28 April 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1802, 1583, p. 1909.

1583 Edition, page 1933
John Hanson

(fl. 1535 - 1563)

Archdeacon of Richmond (1554 - 1559); chaplain to Bishop Scott of Chester [Emden, 1501 - 1540]. Probably the John Hanson who graduated BA in 1553 [Foster].

'One Henshem the Byshops Chaplayne and the Archdeacon' visited George Marsh in prison and tried to persuade him to recant' 1563, p. 1119; 1570, p. 1736; 1576, p. 1470 [recte 1482]; 1583, p. 1565.

[NB: In 1559, Hanson was deprived of his archdeaconry. He was deprived of his other livings shortly thereafter. He fled overseas and matriculated at Louvain in 1563 (Emden, 1501-40).]

[Also referred to as 'Henshem']

1583 Edition, page 1589
John Hardie

Gentleman of Farnham

Hardie was a deponent in the case of Stephen Gardiner. 1563, p. 841.

[Back to Top]
John Hardiman

Rector of St Martin Pomery 1539; DTh; had to resign in 1541 because he preached against ceremonies and confession [Fines]

John Hardiman was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Harley

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Hereford (DNB)

Edwardian bishop of Hereford. Harley walked out of the mass which was celebrated at the commencement of the 1553 parliament. He was deprived of his bishopric because he was married (1563, p. 905; 1570, p. 1571; 1576, p. 1339; and 1583, p. 1410).

He was discharged from parliament and convocation in 1553 (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

[Also referred to as 'Bishop of Hartford']

1583 Edition, page 1434 | 1583 Edition, page 1490 | 1583 Edition, page 1958
John Harlstone

Of unknown occupation and origin.

John Harlstone was arrested for drinking from the same cup as Joyce Lewes at Lewes' martyrdom. 1563, p. 1636, 1570, p. 2221, 1576, p. 1917, 1583, p. 2024.

[Not related to Simon Harlstone.]

1583 Edition, page 2047[Back to Top]
John Harpole

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of the parish of St Nicholas, Rochester.

John Harpole was examined by Maurice Griffith, bishop of Rochester. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1800, 1583, p. 1906.

Articles were brought against him. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1800, 1583, p. 1906.

He was burned with Joan Beach in Rochester around 1 April 1556. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1800, 1583, p. 1906.

1583 Edition, page 1703 | 1583 Edition, page 1930
John Harpsfield

(1516 - 1578)

Chaplain to Bishop Bonner. Archdeacon of London (1554 - 1559); dean of Norwich (1558 - 1559). Brother of Nicholas Harpsfield. [DNB; Fasti]

Harpsfield preached a sermon at the commencement of the 1553 convocation (1570, p. 1571; 1576, p. 1340; and 1583, p. 1410).

He sparred with Philpot in the debates at the 1553 convocation. (See 1563, pp. 909, 912 and 914-15; 1570, pp. 1573-74 and 1576-78; 1576, pp. 1342 and 1345-46 and 1583, pp. 1412 and 1416-17).

He was one of the catholic disputants at the Oxford disputations of 1554; he debated with Cranmer and Ridley (1563, pp. 932-34, 938, 955, 967-69 and 978; 1570, pp. 1591-93 and 1605-6; 1576, pp. 1358-59 and 1370-71; 1583, pp. 1428, 1430 and 1440-41).

Harpsfield disputed on the eucharist for his D.D. on 19 April 1554; Cranmer disputed with him (1563, pp. 986-91; 1570, pp. 1627-32; 1576, pp. 1389-92; 1583, pp. 1459-63).

He gave a Latin oration in St Paul's before King Philip (1570, p. 1643; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1473).

He witnessed Bonner's burning Tomkins' hand with a candle, and he urged Bonner to cease the torture (1570, pp. 1710-11; 1576, p. 1460; 1583, p.1534).

Together with William Chedsey and John Feckenham, Harpsfield attempted to persuade John Hooper to recant after his condemnation on 29 January 1555. The attempt was unsuccessful but it caused false rumors of Hooper's recantation to spread (1563, p. 1057; 1570, p. 1680; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, p. 1507).

Harpsfield witnessed the degradation of John Rogers and John Hooper on 4 February 1555 (1563, p. 1058; 1570, p. 1681; 1576, p. 1435; 1583, p. 1508).

He was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555 (1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535).

Harpsfield was one of those who examined Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed on 18 February 1555 (1563, p. 1104). Bonner ordered him to deliver a rebuttal to the confession of faith of Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed (1563, p. 1107; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p. 1468; 1583, p. 1541).

He conversed with Thomas Hawkes in June 1554, arguing the necessity of infant baptism. 1563, pp. 1151-52;1570, pp. 1760-61; 1576, p. 1551 [recte 1503]; 1583, pp. 1587-88

He escorted Thomas Hawkes to the Gatehouse at Westminster on 1 July 1554. 1563, p. 1156; 1570, p. 1765;1576, p. 1765; 1583, p. 1590

John Harpsfield conferred with the bishop of Durham about John Bradford. 1563, p. 1191, 1570, p. 1787, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1609.

On 16 February 1555 John Harpsfield and two others went to see Bradford in prison, to defend the line of bishops in the catholic church. Bradford refuted the argument. 1563, pp. 1202-03, 1570, pp. 1792-93, 1576, pp. 1530-31, 1583, pp. 1614-15.

Smith was examined by Bonner and Harpsfield, among others, met with Harwood in the garden, and was re-examined. Smith was then left in the garden until Harwood was examined, after which Smith was examined again. 1563, pp. 1252-55, 1570, pp. 1870-72, 1576, pp. 1601-03, 1583, pp. 1691-92.

Robert Smith was examined by John Dee, Harpsfield and Bonner on eucharistic doctrine. 1563, p. 1252, 1570, p. 1870, 1576, p. 1601, 1583, p. 1691.

Philpot's fourth examination was in John Harpsfield's house before Bonner, Bath, Worcester and Gloucester. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

[In a letter that was never delivered] Green told Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. Dr Dale, Master George Mordant and Master Dee were also there. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

Philpot's eighth examination was before Bonner, John Harpsfield, St David's, Mordant and others. 1563, pp. 1419-20, 1570, pp. 1982-83, 1576, pp. 1705-06, 1583, p. 1814.

During Philpot's ninth examination, Bonner called for John Harpsfield, who attended the session to examine Philpot, and Chadsey, who had however left for Westminster. 1563, pp. 1420-24, 1570, pp. 1983-85, 1576, pp. 1707-09, 1583, pp. 1815-16.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

Later on the day of his thirteenth examination, Philpot spoke with John Harpsfield, Bonner and Chadsey. 1570, pp. 1996-97, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, pp. 1823-24.

John Harpsfield urged Thomas Whittle to recant and composed a bill of submission for Whittle to sign. 1563, pp. 1454-55, 1570, p. 2017, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, pp. 1845-46.

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's suscription. It mentioned one of Penbroke's men who wanted license to erect a school. Harpsfield hoped for Penbroke's sake that it be requested, and he and M Johnson (Register) were working to that effect. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47. [In all editions after 1563, the heading incorrectly gives the author of the letter as Nicholas Harpsfield.]

Robert Farrer talked with Laurence Sheriff in the Rose tavern and suggested to Sheriff that Elizabeth had been involved in Wyatt's rebellion. Sheriff complained to Bonner about Farrer before Mordaunt, Sir John Baker, Darbyshire, Story, Harpsfield, and others. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2097.

Bonner sent Thomas Hinshaw before John Harpsfield and Henry Cole. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Bonner attended evensong with John Harpsfield prior to causing several boys to be beaten in 1558. 1563, p. 1692, 1570, p. 2264, 1576, p. 1955, 1583, p. 2061.

Bonner and Harpsfield laughed at and mocked Edward Benet for his beliefs. 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

Harpsfield was committed to the Fleet after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

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John Harpsfield

(1516 - 1578) [ODNB; Fasti]

Archdeacon of London (1554 - 59); dean of Norwich (1558 - 59); brother of Nicholas

John Harpsfield and Gilbert Bourne were shown Bishop Bonner's notes before his sermon at Paul's Cross and were asked to find the names of those becoming king in their minority. [The chaplains are not named in the 1570 and 1576 editions.] 1563, p. 704; 1570, p. 1509; 1576, p. 1279; 1583, p. 1319.

Gilbert Bourne, John Harpsfield, Robert Cousyn, John Wakelyng and Richard Rogers witnessed Edmund Bonner's first appellation to the king in September 1549. 1563, p. 722; 1570, p. 1515; 1576, p. 1284; 1583, pp. 1325-26.

1583 Edition, page 1343 | 1583 Edition, page 1350
John Hart

(d. 1556)

Shoemaker. Martyr. Of Mayfield, Sussex.

John Hart was burned with three others at Mayfield in Sussex on 24 September 1556. 1563, p. 1546, 1570, p. 2039, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1953.

1583 Edition, page 1977 | 1583 Edition, page 2048
John Hase

John Hase was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book in 1537. 1570, p. 1212; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

1583 Edition, page 1088
John Hawkes

Buckinghamshire Lollard

John Hawkes was one of those examined by Bishop Longland, excommunicated and abjured for attending a meeting at John Taylor's house in 1530 during which Nicholas/Richard Field read the gospel in English and preached. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

1583 Edition, page 1009
John Hawkins

of St Mary Woolchurch; presented in 1541 with his servant and 6 others for despising ceremonies

John Hawkins was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Haymond

Millwright

John Haymond was charged in London in 1531 for speaking against images, fast days and pilgrimages. He also held books by Luther and Tyndale. 1570, p. 1187; 1576, p. 1016; 1583, p. 1044.

1583 Edition, page 1068[Back to Top]
John Hemmysley (Nicholas Bellenian / Otterden)

(d. 1546) [Fines]

Former observant friar of Richmond [not Shropshire]; tried with Lasselles and Blagge; burnt with Anne Askew, Lasselles and John Adams

John Hemmysley, John Lasselles, John Adams and Anne Askew were burnt together at Smithfield. 1563, p. 666; 1570, p. 1421; 1576, p. 1211; 1583, pp. 1240-41.

1583 Edition, page 1264
John Hempstead

of Steeple Bumpstead, Essex; natural son of Thomas Hempstead's wife; denounced by his stepfather in 1528 [Fines]

John Hempstead and his parents, with many from Steeple Bumpstead, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
John Henrison

of St Thomas the Apostle; presented in 1541 with his wife and 11 others for showing little reverence at mass

John Henrison was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Hepburn

(d. 1557) [Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae]

Bishop of Brechin (1516 - 57)

John Hepburn was one of those who passed the sentence definitive on Patrick Hamilton in 1528. 1570, p. 1109; 1576, p. 948; 1583, p. 975.

When George Wishart preached in Dundee, he was ordered to desist by John Hepburn but continued in spite of the order. 1563, p. 650; 1570, p. 1445; 1576, p. 1232; 1583, p. 1269.

1583 Edition, page 999 | 1583 Edition, page 1283 | 1583 Edition, page 1293
John Herst

(d. 1558)

Martyr of unknown occupation. Of Ashford, Kent.

Nicholas Harpsfield urged on John Herst's condemnation, so that he could be burned before the death of Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1673 1570, p. 2253, 1576, p. 1946, 1583, p. 2053.

Herst was burned at Canterbury. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2253, 1576, p. 1946, 1583, p. 2053.

1583 Edition, page 2077
John Hewes

Draper of London; joined the older generation of Scripture men in the 1520s [Brigden, London, pp. 121-2, 292]

John Hewes was charged in London in 1531 with speaking against pilgrimages and the veneration of saints and with impugning Becket's sanctity. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1188; 1576, p. 1016; 1583, p. 1044.

1583 Edition, page 1068
John Heywood

(1496/7 - in or after 1578) [ODNB]

Playwright and epigrammatist; studied Oxford; musician at Henry VIII's court; stationer; Thomas More was his patron; worked at the Field of the Cloth of Gold; charged with treason for denying the king's supremacy in 1544; recanted, pardoned; fled to Brabant in 1564

John Heywood was charged with treason, but made a public recantation of his denial of the king's supremacy. 1563, pp. 627-28; 1570, p. 1410; 1576, p. 1202; 1583, p. 1231.

1583 Edition, page 1255
John Hill

(fl. 1556 - 1562)

Stationer. Of London. [See E. G. Duff, A Century of the English Book Trade: Short Notices of All Printers, Stationers, Book-binders, and Others Connected with it from the Issue of the First Dated Book in 1457 to the Incorporation of the Company of Stationers in 1557 (London, 1948), p. 72.]

Richard Waterson was apprehended by Robin Caly, John Hill and John Avales and sent before Bonner. 1563, p. 1730 [incorrectly numbered 1703], 1583, p. 2144.

1583 Edition, page 2167[Back to Top]
John Hils

John Hils was a witness to John Bland's altercation with John Austen on Sunday 3 December 1555. 1563, p. 1219, 1570, p. 1844, 1576, p. 1578, 1583, p. 1666.

1583 Edition, page 1690
John Hilsey

(d. 1539) [ODNB]

Dominican friar at Oxford convent; BTh 1527; DTh 1532; prior of the Bristol Dominicans; provincial of the English Dominicans 1534; bishop of Rochester (1535 - 39)

John Hilsey was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Hilsey attended a synod in 1537 with other bishops and learned men and with Thomas Cromwell as vicar-general. 1563, p. 594; 1570, p. 1351; 1576, p. 1153; 1583, p. 1182.

1583 Edition, page 1088 | 1583 Edition, page 1206
John Hodgkin (Huggen)

(d. 1560) [ODNB]

Dominican friar; BTh Oxford 1521; DTh Cambridge 1525; provincial of the English Dominicans by 1527; bishop-suffragan of Bedford (1537 - 54), deprived for having married

John Hodgkin was called as a witness in the examination of Thomas Bilney. 1563, p. 462; 1570, p. 1135; 1576, p. 972; 1583, p. 998.

Hodgkin testified that Bilney in Ipswich preached against the power of the pope to remit penances. 1570, p. 1149; 1576, p. 983; 1583, p. 1010.

In 1531, Hodgkin was called in to see Thomas Bilney in prison in order to get him to change his opinions. 1563, p. 482; 1570, p. 1146; 1576, p. 981; 1583, p. 1008.

John Hodgkin witnessed Anne Askew's confession in 1545. 1563, p. 673; 1576, p. 1207; 1583, p. 1237.

[NB: Hodgkin is correctly recorded as the bishop of Bedford in the 1563 edition, is missing from the list of witnesses in the 1570 edition, and thereafter is recorded as the bishop of Bath.]

1583 Edition, page 1022 | 1583 Edition, page 1032 | 1583 Edition, page 1034 | 1583 Edition, page 1261
John Holiday

(d. 1558)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of London.

John Holiday was apprehended in Islington and appeared before Bonner on 14 June 1558. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

Articles against him were administered and answers given. 1563, pp. 1559-61, 1570, pp. 2235-36, 1576, p. 2235, 1583, p. 2037.

He was condemned by Bonner. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

He was burned at Smithfield on 27 June 1558. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2039.

1583 Edition, page 2061
John Hollon

Son of Mrs Hollon and Robert Lawson. Of Bedfield, Suffolk.

Hollon was forced to flee his home town for fear of persecution. 1563, p. 1696, 1570, p. 2275, 1576, p. 1964, 1583, p. 2071.

John Holyman

(1495 - 1558)

BD (1526). Bishop of Bristol (1553 - 1558). Formerly a monk of Reading. (Fasti; DNB)

Foxe mentions John Holyman's receipt of the bishopric of Bristol in January 1554 (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583 p. 1467).

An examination of Ridley and Latimer was conducted by White (Lincoln), Brookes (Gloucester) and Holyman (Bristol) on 30 September 1555. White, Brookes and Holyman received their commission from Cardinal Pole. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

John Holyman died before Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

1583 Edition, page 1491 | 1583 Edition, page 1781 | 1583 Edition, page 2125
John Hooke

Martyr.

John Hooke was burned in 1556 at Chester. 1570, p. 2140,1576, p. 1860 [recte 1848], 1583, p. 1954.

1583 Edition, page 1978
John Hooker (Vowel)

(c. 1527 - 1601) [ODNB]

Antiquary, civic administrator; evangelical in religion; first chamberlain of Exeter 1555; in the service of Sir Peter Carew in Ireland 1568; MP Athenry in the Irish parliament 1569; MP Exeter 1571

John Hooker gathered and recounted the story of Thomas Benet. 1570, p. 1180-84; 1576, pp. 1009-12; 1583, pp. 1037-39.

1583 Edition, page 1061
John Hooper

(d. 1555)

Bishop of Gloucester and Worcester. Martyr (DNB)

Foxe recounts Hooper's life and career before becoming a bishop. 1563, pp. 1049-50; 1570, pp. 1674-76; 1576, pp. 1429-1403 [recte 1430]; 1583, pp. 1502-03.

Hooper refused to wear vestments at his consecration and was consequently imprisoned. Ultimately he made a qualified submission. 1563, pp. 1050-52; 1570, pp. 1676-77; 1576, pp. 1403 [recte 1430]-31; 1583, pp. 1503-5.

Foxe relates his conduct as bishop. 1563, pp. 1052-53; 1570, pp. 1677-78; 1576, pp 1431-32; 1583, p. 1505.

Hooper was summoned to London on Mary's accession and imprisoned. 1563, pp. 1053-54; 1570, p. 1678; 1576, p. 1432; 1583, p. 1505.

He was ordered to attend the privy council on 22 August 1553 (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]).

On 31 August, Hooper appeared before the council and he was committed by them to the Fleet on the next day (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]). (APC IV, p. 337, has Hooper appearing on 1 September and committed to the Fleet the same day).

Foxe gives accounts of Hooper's imprisonment and examinations. 1563, pp. 1055-57; 1570, pp. 1678-80; 1576, pp. 1433-34; 1583, pp. 1506-7.

He was deprived of his bishopric, but he defended the validity of clerical marriage at his deprivation (1563, pp. 1054-55; 1570, pp. 1678-79; 1576, pp. 1432-33; 1583, p. 1403 [recte 1430]).

Hooper was rumored to have recanted after he was condemned; he wrote denying this. 1563, p. 1057; 1570, pp. 1680-81; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, pp. 1507-8.

Foxe records his degradation, journey to Gloucester and execution. 1563, pp. 1057-62 and 1064; 1570, pp. 1681-86; 1576, pp. 1434-39; 1583, pp. 1508-12.

Hooper was excommunicated and condemned to death by Stephen Gardiner on 29 January 1555 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

His letters: 1563, pp. 1062-63; 1570, pp. 1686-93; 1576, pp. 1439-45; 1583, pp. 1512-18.

Hooper was one of the signatories to a letter of 8 May 1554 protesting against the proposed disputation at Cambridge. The letter is printed in 1563, pp. 1001-3; 1570, pp. 1639-41; 1576, pp. 1399-1400; 1583, pp. 1469-71.

On 3 January 1555, a letter was sent to Hooper informing him of the arrest of Thomas Rose's congregation at the churchyard of St. Mary-le-Bow on 1 January 1555 (1563, p. 1020).

Hooper wrote an answer to this letter (1563, p. 1020; 1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, p. 1482).

Hooper also sent a letter of encouragement to the members of Rose's congregation imprisoned in the Counter in Bread Street (1563, pp. 1021-22; 1570, pp. 1654-55; 1576, pp. 1411-12; 1583, pp. 1482-83).

He was summoned before Stephen Gardiner at St. Mary Overy's on 28 January 1554 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

Ridley wrote a letter to Bradford and his fellow prisoners, in which Ridley speaks of his love for Taylor. The bearer of the letter to Bradford was Punt, who also carried Hooper's letters. 1570, p. 1897-98, 1576, pp. 1625-26, 1583, p. 1725.

During his examination, John Hallingdale said that Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley and Hooper were not heretics. 1563, p. 1638, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, p. 1919, 1583, p. 2026.

Hooper's Latin epistle touching matters of religion was sent to Convocation House. 1583, pp. 2135-36.

1583 Edition, page 2050[Back to Top]
John Hooper

(d. 1555)

Bishop of Gloucester and Worcester. Martyr. (DNB)

Foxe recounts Hooper's life and career before becoming a bishop (1563, pp. 1049-50; 1570, pp. 1674-76; 1576, pp. 1429-1403 [recte 1430]; 1583, pp. 1502-3).

Hooper refused to wear vestments at his consecration and was consequently imprisoned. Ultimately he made a qualified submission (1563, pp. 1050-52; 1570, pp. 1676-77; 1576, pp. 1403 [recte 1430]-31; 1583, pp. 1503-5).

Foxe relates his conduct as bishop (1563, pp. 1052-53; 1570, pp. 1677-78; 1576, pp 1431-32; 1583, p. 1505).

Hooper was summoned to London on Mary's accession and imprisoned (1563, pp. 1053-54; 1570, p. 1678; 1576, p. 1432; 1583, p. 1505).

He was ordered to attend the privy council on 22 August 1553 (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]).

On 31 August, Hooper appeared before the council and he was committed by them to the Fleet on the next day (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]). (APC IV, p. 337, has Hooper appearing on 1 September and committed to the Fleet the same day).

Foxe gives accounts of Hooper's imprisonment and examinations. 1563, pp. 1055-57; 1570, pp. 1678-80; 1576, pp. 1433-34; 1583, pp. 1506-7.

He was deprived of his bishopric, but he defended the validity of clerical marriage at his deprivation (1563, pp. 1054-55; 1570, pp. 1678-79; 1576, pp. 1432-33; 1583, p. 1403 [recte 1430]).

Hooper was rumored to have recanted after he was condemned; he wrote denying this. 1563, p. 1057; 1570, pp. 1680-81; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, pp. 1507-8.

Foxe records his degradation, journey to Gloucester and execution. 1563, pp. 1057-62 and 1064; 1570, pp. 1681-86; 1576, pp. 1434-39; 1583, pp. 1508-12.

Hooper was excommunicated and condemned to death by Stephen Gardiner on 29 January 1555 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

His letters: 1563, pp. 1062-63; 1570, pp. 1686-93; 1576, pp. 1439-45; 1583, pp. 1512-18.

Hooper was one of the signatories to a letter of 8 May 1554 protesting against the proposed disputation at Cambridge. The letter is printed in 1563, pp. 1001-3; 1570, pp. 1639-41; 1576, pp. 1399-1400; 1583, pp. 1469-71.

On 3 January 1555, a letter was sent to Hooper informing him of the arrest of Thomas Rose's congregation at the churchyard of St. Mary-le-Bow on 1 January 1555 (1563, p. 1020).

Hooper wrote an answer to this letter (1563, p. 1020; 1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, p. 1482).

Hooper also sent a letter of encouragement to the members of Rose's congregation imprisoned in the Counter in Bread Street (1563, pp. 1021-22; 1570, pp. 1654-55; 1576, pp. 1411-12; 1583, pp. 1482-83).

He was summoned before Stephen Gardiner at St. Mary Overy's on 28 January 1554 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

Ridley wrote a letter to Bradford and his fellow prisoners, in which Ridley speaks of his love for Taylor. The bearer of the letter to Bradford was Punt, who also carried Hooper's letters. 1570, p. 1897-98, 1576, pp. 1625-26, 1583, p. 1725.

During his examination, John Hallingdale said that Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley and Hooper were not heretics. 1563, p. 1638, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, p. 1919, 1583, p. 2026.

Hooper's Latin epistle touching matters of religion was sent to Convocation House. 1583, pp. 2135-36.

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John Hooper

(1495x1500 - 1555) [ODNB]

BA Oxford 1519; monk at Cleeve, Somerset (after 1519 - 37); became reformer; in exile 1544 - 49; preacher and lecturer in London

Bishop of Gloucester (1551 - 52) and Worcester (1552 - 54); Protestant martyr

John Hooper and William Latymer, in a letter to the king, denounced Edmund Bonner for his sermon at St Paul's, which went contrary to the instructions given by the king's commissioners. 1563, pp. 696-97; 1570, p. 1503; 1576, p. 1274; 1583, p. 1311.

John Hooper and William Latymer appeared at Bonner's third appearance before the king's commissioners in order to purge themselves of Bonner's slanders against them. 1563, p. 706; 1570, p. 1509; 1576, p. 1279; 1583, p. 1318.

Bonner appeared for the sixth time before the commissioners on 23 September, when he presented a general recusation against all the commissioners and a second appellation to the king. A letter was read from Bonner to the mayor and aldermen of the city of London, complaining of the preaching of John Hooper. 1563, p. 718; 1570, p. 1516; 1576, p. 1285; 1583, p. 1327.

1583 Edition, page 1335
John Hopkins

Sheriff of Coventry.

John Hopkins refused to assist at the burning of Laurence Saunders and was imprisoned in the Fleet. He was driven to flee to Germany with his wife and children. He stayed in exile in Basel, where he offered aid and comfort to other exiles, until the death of Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1679.

[Back to Top]
John Hopton

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Norwich (1554 - 1558) [DNB]

John Hopton was created bishop of Norwich (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton to be made to recant or to be tried for heresy (1583, p. 1577).

Hopton was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton, either to be forced to recant, or to be tried for heresy. 1583, p. 1577.

James Abbes was caught and appeared before Dr Hopton. He recanted but when the bishop gave him 40 or 20 pence [Foxe is not sure] he recanted. He was burned in Bury on 2 August 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1864-65, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1683.

Robert Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

William Allen was examined and condemned by the bishop of Norwich. 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Roger Coo was examined by the bishop of Norwich, 12 August, 1555. 1563, pp. 1272-73, 1570, pp. 1883-84, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole were condemned by John Hopton and Dunning and handed over to Sir John Silliard, high sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Roger Bernard was examined and condemned by Hopton. Adam Foster was sent to the Eye prison and then to Norwich to be examined and then condemned by Hopton. 1563, pp. 1527-28, 1570, pp. 2098-99, 1576, pp. 1810-11, 1583, p. 1917.

The second, third and fourth examinations of John Fortune were conducted by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

Peter and Anne Moone were presented before Hopton (bishop of Norwich) and Dunning (chancellor) during their visitation of Ipswich in 1556. Three articles were presented against Peter Moone and his answers given. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

Simon Miller was imprisoned in the bishop's house. He was condemned by Hopton and his chancellor, Michael Dunning. 1563, pp. 1602-03, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

The second examination of Thomas Spurdance was by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2221-22, 1576, pp. 1917-18, 1583, pp. 2024-25.

John Fortune's second and third examinations were conducted by the bishop of Norwich, who condemned him. 1563, pp. 1636-38.

James Ashley was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Carman was examined and condemned by Hopton.1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

John Cooke was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Berry sent Thomas Hudson before Hopton. 1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

Alexander Lane was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Robert Miles was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W. Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

Thomas Rose's last appearance was before Woodhouse and Hopton. 1570, p. 1979, 1576, pp. 1980-81, 1583, pp. 2085-86.

After being questioned by Sir John Tyrrel, William Seaman was sent before Bishop Hopton who then condemned him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

John Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

John Hopton died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

[1563, p. 1707, correctly states that Hopton died before Queen Mary. He died in August 1558.]

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John Hopton

(d. 1558) [ODNB]

Dominican friar; BTh Bologna 1525; DTh Bologna; DTh Oxford 1533; chaplain to Princess Mary

Bishop of Norwich (1554 - 58)

Princess Mary, in a letter to the Lord Protector and privy council, explained that Robert Rochester, her comptroller, and John Hopton, her chaplain, were unable to attend for questioning as requested. Rochester could not be spared, and Hopton was too ill to travel. 1576, p. 1289; 1583, p. 1332.

Hopton was instructed to relate to Mary the privy council's answer to her letter. 1576, p. 1289; 1583, p. 1332.

1583 Edition, page 1356[Back to Top]
John Horne

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation and origin.

John Horne was burned at Wooten-under-Edge, Gloucestershire, with a woman, in September 1556. 1563, p. 1546, 1570, p. 2139, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1953.

[His name may have been Edward Horne. See J. G. Nichols, Narratives of the Reformation, (Camden Society Old Series, 77) pp. 69-70.]

1583 Edition, page 1977
John Houghton

(1486/7 - 1535) [ODNB]

BA Cambridge; LLB; BTh; prior of the Charterhouse of Beauvale in Nottinghamshire 1531; prior of the London Charterhouse (November 1531 - 1535); Catholic martyr hanged, drawn and quartered; inspired most of his monks to refuse submission

John Houghton, Robert Lawrence and Augustine Webster, Carthusian priors, were hanged, drawn and quartered for refusing to swear the oath of supremacy. 1570, p. 1217; 1576, p. 1042; 1583, p. 1069.

Houghton is one of the Catholic martyrs written of by Nicholas Harpsfield. 1570, p. 1375; 1576, p. 1173; 1583, p. 1201.

1583 Edition, page 1093 | 1583 Edition, page 1225
John Hubert (Hubbard)

of East Donyland, Essex He and his wife were charged in 1528 [Fines]

John Hubert and his wife, along with many others, abjured. 1570, p. 1191; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1048.

1583 Edition, page 1072
John Hughes

Priest

John Hughes was accused of raping his stepsister, Sage Hughes, and of fathering her illegitimate child. With the support of George Constantine, he falsely accused Meredith ap Thomas of being the father of Sage Hughes's child. 1563, p. 1090; 1583, p. 1548.

1583 Edition, page 1572[Back to Top]
John Hull

Servant of Rowland Taylor

John Hull attempted to persuade Rowland Taylor to flee and not to answer Stephen Gardiner's summons. 1563, pp. 1067-68; 1570, pp. 1694-95; 1576, p. 1446; 1583, p. 1520.

He shared a final supper with Rowland Taylor and his family on 5 February 1555. 1563, p. 1075; 1570, pp. 1699-1700; 1576, p. 1451; 1583, p. 1524.

As Rowland Taylor was being led to execution, Hull lifted Thomas Taylor up and placed him on Rowland's horse. Rowland Taylor handed the boy back to Hull and said farewell to Hull, calling him 'the faythfullest servaunt that man ever had'. (1563, p. 1076; 1570, pp. 1700-01; 1576, p. 1452; 1583, p. 1525).

1583 Edition, page 1544
John Hullier

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Curate of Babraham, Cambridgeshire. [Fines]

Foxe recounts Hullier's early life and education. 1563, p. 1513, 1570, pp. 2086, 2196 1576, pp. 1800, 1895, 1583, pp. 1906, 2004.

John Hullier was examined and sent to Cambridge Castle by Thomas Thirlby, bishop of Ely, and his chancellor. 1563, p. 1514, 1570, pp. 2086, 2196, 1576, pp. 1800, 1895, 1583, pp. 1906, 2004.

He was conveyed to Cambridge town prison (the Tolbooth), where he remained for about a quarter of a year. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

John Hullier appeared before Shaxton, Young, Segewick, Scot, Mitch and others on Palm Sunday eve at Great St Mary's. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

Brasey, mayor of Cambridge, carried John Hullier to prison again and took from him all his books, writings and papers. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

Hullier was degraded. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

He was sent to the stake on Maundy Thursday. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

He was burned at Cambridge on 2 April 1556. 1563, p. 1515, 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1800, 1583, p. 1906.

At the stake, Brisley, the sergeant, bade Hullier to be silent or repent. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

George Boyes, Henry Barley and Gray [all of Trinity College] were present at the burning of John Hullier. They berated Hullier. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

Books were burned with Hullier, who died slowly but patiently at the stake, uttering prayers and holding a communion book as he died. 1570, pp. 2196-97, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2004.

Hullier died before the gunpowder that Seagar Nicholson had given him took effect. 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2004.

Many of Hullier's body parts were taken by the crowd. 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2004.

Prayer of John Hullier. [BL Harley 416, fos.17v-20r. Printed only in 1563, pp. 1515-16.]

Letters. 1570, pp. 2087-88, 2088-89, 1576, pp. 1801-02, 1583, pp. 1906-08.

1583 Edition, page 1930 | 1583 Edition, page 2028
John Hume

of Wressel, Yorks [Fines]; servant to Master Lewnar

Denounced by his master and mistress to Thomas Cranmer in 1547

John Hume was sent to Archbishop Cranmer for speaking against the mass. 1570, p. 1486; 1576, p. 1260; 1583, p. 1297.

1583 Edition, page 1321
John Humphrey

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 for speaking against the sacraments and ceremonies of the church [Fines]

John Humphrey was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227[Back to Top]
John Hunt

Of Newbury.

John Hunt was one of those who witnessed Julins Palmer's second examination and made notes. 1570, p. 2121, 1576, p. 1844 [recte 1832], 1583, p. 1938.

1583 Edition, page 1962 | 1583 Edition, page 2078 | 1583 Edition, page 2087
John Hunt

of Esse alias Ashen, Essex; held the manor of Overhall, alias Parva Breadley, Suffolk; brother-in-law of Foxe's printer, John Day

John Hunt supplied Foxe with deeds purporting to show the acceptance of clerical marriage and the right of their wives and children to inherit. 1570, pp. 1137-38; 1576, pp. 1141-42; 1583, pp. 1169-70.

1583 Edition, page 1193 | 1583 Edition, page 1194[Back to Top]
John Huntingdon

(died 1582)

The Privy Council described John Huntingdon as a 'seditiouse preacher remayning nowe about Lynne and Walsingham' and ordered his arrest on 20 November 1553, for making 'a rayling ryme against Doctour Stokes and the Blessed Sacrament' (1583, p. 1417; APC IV, p. 369).

(See Usher, 'Backing Protestantism: The London Godly, the Exchequer and the Foxe Circle' in David Loades, (ed.) John Foxe: An Historical Perspective (Aldershot: Ashgate Press) 1999 pp. 127 and 128, and 129 and 132).

Huntingdon was released by the Privy Council on 3 December 1553 after promising to amend both his life and doctrine (APC IV, p. 375 - not in 1583 or any edition of Foxe).

After his release, Huntingdon fled into exile. In 1560, Huntingdon was made a canon of Exeter and he held numerous livings in Devon and Somerset (Garrett, Marian Exiles, p. 194).

Anne Askew had described Huntingdon, together with Edward Crome, in 1545, as 'men of wisdome' (1563, p. 670; 1570, p. 1414; 1576, p. 1205; and 1583, p. 1235).

1583 Edition, page 1441
John Huntingdon

(d. 1582) [Fines]

of Bristol; one of 3 priests who denounced Alexander Seton in 1541; was converted in 1545; in Strasbourg 1554; canon of Exeter 1560

John Huntingdon was one of three priests who denounced Alexander Seton in London in 1541. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1177; 1583, p. 1205.

In prison after her first examination, Anne Askew asked to be confessed to Edward Crome, Gillam or John Huntingdon because she knew them to be wise men. 1563, p. 670; 1570, p. 1414; 1576, p. 1205; 1583, p. 1235.

1583 Edition, page 1229 | 1583 Edition, page 1259
John Hurst

Brother of Jeffrey and Alice Hurst.

John Hurst was bound with his mother in the sum of £100 to betray the whereabouts of his brother Jeffrey and sister Alice. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2077.

He asked Parkinson for one of his father's books. 1570, p. 2280, 1576, p. 1968, 1583, p. 2077.

[See Christopher Haigh, Reformation and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire (Cambridge, 1975), p. 187.]

1583 Edition, page 2100
John Hurt

(b. 1486?)

Prisoner in the common hall of Derby for debt.

John Hurt read to Joan Waste from her New Testament. 1570, p. 2039, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

1583 Edition, page 1976[Back to Top]
John Hus

(1369 - 1415) [D. Hay, Europe in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries (London, 1966) pp. 324-5]

Bohemian theologian and reformer. BA Prague 1393, MA 1396; rector of Prague University; priest. Excommunicated 1410; called to the Council of Constance in 1414, where he refused to recant; burnt at Constance

The life of John Hus, the Council of Constance and his execution. 1563, pp. 183-241, 1570, pp. 701-42, 1576, pp. 567-602, 1583, pp. 588-626.

The letters of John Hus. 1570, pp. 742-48, 1576, pp. 602-08, 1583, pp. 626-31.

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John Hussey

(1465/6 - 1537) [ODNB]

Baron Hussey of Sleaford 1529; diplomat; administrator; sheriff of Lincolnshire 1493, 1494; JP Lincolnshire 1495, 1497, 1501; chamberlain to Princess Mary by 1530; alleged rebel; executed after the Pilgrimage of Grace

Lord Hussey helped to carry the canopy over Princess Elizabeth at her christening. 1563, p. 510; 1570, p. 1199; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1054.

John Hussey received a letter from Sir William Paulet which he showed to Princess Mary. 1570, p. 1565; 1576, p. 1335; 1583, p. 1395.

Hussey and other rebels were executed in 1537. 1570, p. 1239; 1576, p. 1061; 1583, p. 1087.

1583 Edition, page 1078 | 1583 Edition, page 1111 | 1583 Edition, page 1420
John Hygdon

(d. 1532) [ODNB]

MA OXford by 1498; lecturer in sophistry, senior dean of arts, second bursar of Magdalen College, vice-president 1504-5; DTh 1514; president of Magdalen (1516 - 25); dean of Cardinal College, Oxford 1525, and dean of the refounded King Henry VIII College 1532

The arrest of Thomas Garrard at Oxford brought great joy to John London and John Hygdon. 1563, p. 605; 1570, p. 1366; 1576, p. 1166; 1583, p. 1194.

After Thomas Garrard escaped, John Cottisford was blamed by the John Hygdon and John London. They sent out spies to search. 1563, p. 606; 1570, p. 1367; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1195.

Anthony Dalaber was brought before Hygdon, John Cottisford and John London and examined. 1563, p. 608; 1570, p. 1368; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1196.

Thomas Garrard was apprehended after his escape and examined by Hygdon, Cottisford and London. He was condemned as a heretic and made to bear a faggot. 1563, p. 609; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

John Hygdon was one of the examiners of the reformers in Cardinal College, Oxford. 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

1583 Edition, page 1056 | 1583 Edition, page 1218
John II

(d. 535) [Kelly]

Pope (533 - 35) He enjoyed good relations with Justinian and with Athalric, the Ostrogothic king.

John was called head of the universal church in the Codex of Justinian. 1570, p. 22; 1576, p. 17; 1583, p. 17.

1583 Edition, page 40
John III/V (John the Almoner)

(d. 620) in Cyprus [Gams]

Patriarch of Alexandria (610 - 620)

John was merciful and generous to the poor and needy. He personally offered advice and mediation to all who asked. 1570, pp. 160-61; 1576, pp. 120-21; 1583, pp. 119-20.

1583 Edition, page 142
John Incent

(d. 1545) [Emden; Fasti]

BCL Oxford by January 1507; DCL 1513; notary public by 1507; dean of St Paul's (1540 - 45)

John Incent was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

Robert Packington was shot dead on his way to mass. John Incent, dean of St Paul's, confessed on his deathbed to having hired an Italian to murder Packington. 1563, p. 526; 1570, p. 1291; 1576, p. 1105; 1583, p. 1131.

1583 Edition, page 1048 | 1583 Edition, page 1155[Back to Top]
John Islip

(1464 - 1532) [ODNB]

of Islip. Benedictine monk; treasurer, monk-bailiff and warden of the abbey's churches; warden of the royal manors for Westminster Abbey 1492; cellarer 1496; prior 1498

Abbot of Westminster (1500 - 32)

Robert Barnes was called to appear before Cardinal Wolsey, the bishops and John Islip. 1563, p. 602; 1570, p. 1365; 1576, p. 1164; 1583, p. 1193.

John Tewkesbury was examined before Cuthbert Tunstall, Henry Standish and John Islip. 1563, p. 490; 1570, p. 1165; 1576, p. 996; 1583, p. 1024.

John Islip assisted at the condemnation of Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 488; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p. 995; 1583, p. 1023.

1583 Edition, page 1047 | 1583 Edition, page 1217
John IV Nesteutes (Jejunator)

(d. 595) [Gams]

Patriarch of Constantinople (582 - 95); first to take the title of ecumenical patriarch

Emperor Maurice had granted John the title of universal patriarch. John was in conflict with Pope Gregory I over the title. 1570, pp. 16, 161; 1576, pp. 13, 121; 1583, pp. 13, 120.

1583 Edition, page 36 | 1583 Edition, page 143 | 1583 Edition, page 1122[Back to Top]
John Ive

of Kent; at the end of Edward IV's reign, his teachings led Agnes Grebill into heresy [Thomson]

At the trial of Agnes Grebill, her husband testified that John Ive's teachings had led her into heresy. 1570, p. 1454; 1576, p. 1240; 1583, p. 1277.

1583 Edition, page 1301
John IX

(d. 900) [Kelly]

Benedictine monk; pope (898 - 900)

John IX stirred up civil war among the sons of Louis the Pious. 1563, p. 1.

He condemned Stephen VI at the Council of Ravenna. 1563, p. 2.

John Jackson

John Jackson signed John Trew's confession of 30 January 1556. [Bodley Ms 53, fo.125r; C. J. Clement, Religious Radicalism in England, 1535-1565 (Carlisle, 1997), p. 370.]

Jackson was examined by Dr Cook on 11 March 1556. Foxe records his questions and answers. 1563, pp. 1611-12 [recte 1623-24], 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1950.

1583 Edition, page 1973
John Jacob

Under-constable of Laxfield, Suffolk.

Thomas Lovel, chief constable of 'Hoxne hundred', and John Jacob and William Stannard, under-constables of the town of Laxfield, Suffolk, with Wolfren Dowsing and Nicholas Stannard, both catholics, were commanded to appear before Thurston, John Tyrrel, Master Kene, and John Silliard (high sheriff) in September 1557. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

1583 Edition, page 2045
John James

Constable of Hockley, Essex.

John James assisted Richard Sheriff in bringing William Tyms before Tyrrell. 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

1583 Edition, page 1920[Back to Top]
John Jeffrey

(d. 1556?)

Brother-in-law of Master Laurence of Barn Hall, Essex. Of West Mersea, Essex.

John Jeffrey was described in Stephen Morris's confession as a protestant in London, who resided at an alehouse in Cornhill. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

[On 25 July John Jeffrey of West Mersea, Essex, was indicted before the quarter sessions at Colchester on charges of gathering conventicles of twenty or more people at West Mersea and Dedham to hear the itinerant preacher and future martyr George Eagles. Jeffrey died before he could be brought to trial.]

[From a cadet branch of the Jerningham family other than the branch of the Jerninghams of Belton and Somerleyton. See MacCulloch, ibid., pp. 96, 252.]

John Jewel

(1522 - 1571)

Bishop of Salisbury (1559 - 1571). [DNB]

John Jewel served, together with Gilbert Mounson, as one of two 'protestant' notaries at the 1554 Oxford disputations; he was approved by Ridley for this role (1570, p. 1607; 1576, p. 1371; 1583, p. 1442; cf. 1563, p. 958, where Ridley's approval of Jewel and Mounson is described but they are not named).

Harding's attack on Jewel is referred to in Foxe's attack on Harding's defence of the persecution of Peritone Massey. 1570, p. 2131, 1576, p. 1852, 1583, p. 1946.

John Jewel was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

Foxe refers to his installation after Elizabeth's accession. 1583, p. 2128.

1583 Edition, page 1466 | 1583 Edition, page 1970 | 1583 Edition, page 2142 | 1583 Edition, page 2148[Back to Top]
John Johnson

(b. 1515?)

Martyr. Labourer. Widower. Of Thorpe, Essex.

John Johnson was imprisoned with his three young children in Colchester Castle under charges of heresy. 1563, p. 1608, 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

John Boswell stated that Johnson could read a little. 1563, p. 1608, 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

John Boswell stated that Johnson claimed in his deposition that a priest called Trodgon was a true prophet. 1563, p. 1608, 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Johnson was condemned. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

He was burned in the castle yard in Colchester on 2 August 1557. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

[Alias Aliker.]

1583 Edition, page 2031
John Johnson

A Dutch shipper.

Coming homeward via Antwerp, Gertrude Crokhay met with John Johnson who accused her of being an anabaptist. 1563, p. 1740, 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p. 1975, 1583, p. 2082.

[Alias John de Villa]

1583 Edition, page 2106 | 1583 Edition, page 2168
John Jones

of St Nicholas Shambles; one of 4 presented in 1541 for nonattendance on holy days

John Jones was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Joseph

Witness received by king's commission in 1549

A king's commission examined Edmund Bonner in 1549. Finding Bonner's answers to the articles put to him to be unsatisfactory, the commissioners received witnesses against him: John Cheke, Henry Markham, John Joseph, John Douglas and Richard Chambers.. 1563, p. 707; 1570, p. 1510; 1576, p. 1280; 1583, p. 1320.

1583 Edition, page 1344[Back to Top]
John Kede

Of unknown occupation. Of Exeter.

John Kede visited a female martyr in prison in Exeter. 1570, p. 2252, 1576, p. 1945, 1583, p. 2052.

[Brother of William Kede]

1583 Edition, page 2075
John Kelke

John Kelke conveyed a letter from John Hooper to Joan Wilkinson. In the 1570 and 1576 editions, Foxe states that Kelke was still alive; this passage was dropped from the 1583 edition. 1570, p. 1685; 1576, p. 1438; 1583, 1511.

[NB: This is possibly the John Kelke who was an exile in Mary's reign; see Garrett, Marian Exiles].

1583 Edition, page 1535
John Kelowe (Kyllour)

(d. 1539) [Fines]

Scottish friar; martyr, burnt at Edinburgh for attending a priest's wedding where Lent was broken

A summons was directed from David Beaton and George Crichton upon Thomas Forret, John Beveridge, John Kelowe, Duncan Sympson and Robert Foster, along with three or four others from Stirling. They were condemned for heresy without any opportunity to recant and burnt together on the castle hill in Edinburgh. 1570, p. 1442; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1266.

1583 Edition, page 1290
John Kemp

(fl. 1555 - 1558)

Freewiller.

Kempe and Henry Hart sought to persuade William Ryms, Robert Drake and others imprisoned in Newgate to denounce predestinarian values. 1563, p. 1630.

In Stephen Morris's confession, Kemp was listed as living with Henry Hart at a cutler's house in London. Morris stated that John Kempe was travelling around Kent but that he was not entirely sure what Kempe's doctrine was.1576, p. 1926.

[Attempted to convert William Tyms from his predestinarian convictions in the winter of 1555 - 1556. (BL, Add.Ms.19400, fos.73v-74r).]

[One of the freewillers was addressed by Bradford in a letter dated 14 February 1555. (BL, Add.Ms.19400, fo.33r).]

[Almost certainly this is a different person to the John Kemp of Godstone, Surrey, and the Isle of White. See Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), p. 147, n.99.]

John Kemp

(fl. 1554 - 1576)

Of Godstone, Surrey and the Isle of White.

Draper. Minister.

John Kemp was driven from Godstone, Surrey, in 1553 - 1554 because he refused to attend mass. He returned secretly and held conventicles in and around Godstone. He was pursued by the authorities in November 1554. Kemp was nearly arrested in Hawsome in 1555. He visited Bristol Fair and bought cloth to sell at St Batholomew's Fair. He was nearly arrested and escaped by disappearing into the crowd while Roger Holland got the arresting officers drunk. 1576, pp. 1975-77.

[For this Kemp not being the same Kemp as the freewiller Kemp see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), p. 147, n.99.]

[Back to Top]
John Kennall

DCL. Archdeacon of Rochester (1554 - 1560) (Fasti)

William Wood was examined by Chedsey, Kenall and Robinson on 19 October 1554 in St Nicholas's church, Rochester. 1570, p. 2281, 1576, pp. 1969-70, 1583, p. 2077.

1583 Edition, page 2101
John Keretch

Of Winston, Suffolk.

Thomas Spicer was taken from his bed in his master's house by James Ling and John Keretch of Winston and William Davies of Debenham. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

1583 Edition, page 1936
John Kerr

Prebendary of St Giles's church

John Kerr was brought before the assize in Edinburgh and convicted of improperly divorcing a married couple. He was stripped of his benefices and exiled from Scotland and England for life, on penalty of losing his right hand if he appeared in either realm. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

1583 Edition, page 1296
John Kingston

Commissary to bishop of London and bachelor of law.

John Hamond, Simon Hamond, Christopher Lyster, John Mace, John Spencer, and Richard Nicholas were delivered to John Kingstone by the earl of Oxford on 28 March 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1803, 1583, p. 1909.

John Kingston wrote a letter to Bonner on 30 August 1557 about the taking of 22 people charged with heresy to London. 1563, p. 1564 [recte 1576], 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

Rose Allin was charged with heresy and delivered to John Kingston and then to Bonner. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

William Goodwin and Thomas Alsey met with John Kingston to discuss the delivery of forty-six shillings and eight pence to Nicholas Harpsfield. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

In his letter to Bonner, Kingston said that Alsey was to deliver 22 people to Bonner for examination. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

Lord Darcy of Chiche said to John Kinstone and William Bendelows that the prisoners they held in Canterbury should remain where they were until sent for by Bonner. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

Kingston complained to Bonner that he had not been able so far to carry out a visitation on many foundations in Colchester, such as the masters and lazars of Mary Magdalen, the proctor of St Katherine's chapel, the hospital and beadmen of the foundation of Lord H. Marney in Layer-Marney, and the hospital and beadmen of Little Horksley. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

On 29 August 1557 an indenture was made between several lords and justices and John Kingston concerning the delivery of 22 prisoners from Colchester. Kingston was one of the persecutors named in the indenture. 1563, p. 1565, 1570, p. 2157, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly marked as 1971]

A supplication was made against William Mount, his wife and their daughter, Rose, to Lord Darcy of Chiche, who then delivered the supplication to John Kingston. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Kingston took part in the examination of several prisoners in Colchester on 19 October 1557. 1563, p. 1610, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2008.

1583 Edition, page 1933 | 1583 Edition, page 1995 | 1583 Edition, page 2029 | 1583 Edition, page 2031
John Kirby (Kerby)

(d. 1546) [Fines]

of Mendlesham, Suffolk; apprehended May 1546 with Roger Clarke; burnt at Ipswich in November

John Kirby and Roger Clarke were arrested at Ipswich and brought before Thomas Wentworth and other commissioners. There they declared their view that communion was a remembrance only and denied transubstantiation. They were subjected to persuasion and threats, but refused to recant. They were sentenced to be burnt. John Kirby was burnt at Ipswich. 1563, pp. 654-55; 1570, pp. 1410-11; 1576, pp. 1202-03; 1583, pp. 1232-33.

1583 Edition, page 1255
John Kirry

Of Newbury.

John Kirry was one of those who witnessed Julins Palmer's second examination and made notes. 1570, p. 2121, 1576, p. 1844 [recte 1832], 1583, p. 1938.

1583 Edition, page 1962
John Knox

(1512? - 1572)

Scottish protestant reformer. [DNB] Preacher in Newcastle under Edward VI. [Hillerbrand]

Foxe records Ridley's lamentation for a change in religion, in which Ridley makes reference to Latimer, Lever, Bradford and Knox, as well as Cranmer and their part in the duke of Somerset's cause. 1570, pp. 1945-50, 1576, pp. 1670-78, 1583, pp. 1778-84.

1583 Edition, page 1804[Back to Top]
John Kurde

Shoemaker. Of Syresham, Northamptonshire.

John Kurde was condemned by William Binsley, chancellor of Peterbrough and later archdeacon of Northampton, in August 1557. 1563, p. 1618, 1570, p. 2216, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

At the commandment of Thomas Tresham, the sheriff, he was led to a stone pit outside the north gate of the city and burned. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

[Note that Kurde is the unnamed shoemaker mentioned in Book 11. 1570, p. 2072, 1576, p. 1787, 1583, p. 1894.]

1583 Edition, page 2045
John Lambert

(d. 1538) [DNB]

Sacramentary

Doctor Martin, during Cranmer's examination, refers to Cranmer's condemnation of Lambert in the king's presence. 1570, p. 1816, 1576, p. 1552, 1583, p. 1634.

1583 Edition, page 1901
John Lambert (formerly Nicholson)

(d. 1538) [ODNB]

of Norfolk; religious radical; BA Cambridge 1519/20; imprisoned for heresy 1531-32; accused again and tried in 1538; burnt at Smithfield

John Lambert was converted at Cambridge by Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur. 1563, pp. 482, 527; 1570, p. 1255; 1576, p. 1075; 1583, p. 1101.

Lambert translated works from Latin and Greek to English and then went abroad to join William Tyndale and John Frith. He became preacher to the English house in Antwerp. 1563, pp. 527-28; 1570, p. 1255; 1576, p. 1075; 1583, p. 1101.

He was accused by Barlow in Antwerp and brought from there to London, where he was examined at Archbishop Warham's house at Otford before Warham and others. Forty-five articles were put to him which he answered. Warham then died and Lambert was unbothered for a time because Thomas Cranmer replaced Warham and Anne Boleyn married the king. Lambert taught children Greek and Latin in London. 1563, pp. 528, 533-69; 1570, pp. 1255-80; 1576, pp. 1075-1095; 1583, pp. 1101-21.

Lambert attended a sermon preached by John Taylor at St Peter's in London in 1538. Lambert put ten articles to him questioning transubstantiation. Taylor conferred with Robert Barnes, who persuaded Taylor to put the matter to Archbishop Cranmer. Cranmer called Lambert into open court, where he was made to defend his cause. 1563, pp. 532-33; 1570, pp. 1280-81; 1576, p. 1095; 1583, p. 1121.

Stephen Gardiner urged Henry VIII to use the case against John Lambert as a means of displaying the king's willingness to deal harshly with heresy. The king himself would sit in judgement. 1563, pp. 533-34; 1570, p. 1281; 1576, p. 1095; 1583, pp. 1121-22.

Lambeth wrote an apology of his cause to King Henry. 1563, p. 538; 1570, pp. 1285-91; 1576, pp. 1099-1105; 1583, pp. 1124-30.

At his trial, Lambert disputed with Cranmer, Gardiner, Tunstall, Stokesley and ten other bishops. At the end, the king had Thomas Cromwell read the sentence of condemnation. On the day of Lambert's execution, Cromwell asked for his forgiveness. 1563, pp. 533-37, 569; 1570, pp. 1281-84; 1576, pp. 1095-98; 1583, pp. 1121-24.

Stephen Gardiner recalled hearing Thomas Cranmer reason against John Lambert. 1563, p. 756; 1570, p. 1526; 1576, p. 1301; 1583, p. 1351.

1583 Edition, page 1125 | 1583 Edition, page 1157 | 1583 Edition, page 1159 | 1583 Edition, page 1270 | 1583 Edition, page 1282 | 1583 Edition, page 1302 | 1583 Edition, page 1375
John Langport

Benedictine monk of St Augustine's, Canterbury; supplicated for BTh 1533 after 12 years' study; read heretical books in 1528 [Fines]

Those suspected of heresy at Oxford at the time of the trial of Thomas Garrard and Anthony Dalaber included John Clerk, Henry Sumner, William Bettes, John Taverner, Radley, Nicholas Udall, John Diet, William Eden, John Langport, John Salisbury and Robert Ferrar. 1563, p. 610; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

1583 Edition, page 1221[Back to Top]
John Larke

(d. 1544) [G. Redworth, In Defence of the Church Catholic (Oxford, 1990) pp. 109, 193]

Sir Thomas More's vicar at Chelsea; convicted with Germaine Gardiner, executed

John Larke and Germaine Gardiner were executed for placing loyalty to the pope above the king's supremacy. 1563, p. 627; 1570, p. 1409; 1576, p. 1201; 1583, p. 1230.

1583 Edition, page 1254
John Lassells (Lascelles)

(d. 1546) [ODNB]

Courtier, religious activist, martyr; burnt at Smithfield with Anne Askew

Anne Askew sent a reply from Newgate to a letter from John Lassells. 1563, p. 676; 1570, p. 1419; 1576, p. 1209; 1583, p. 1239.

Lassells wrote a letter in prison setting out his position on the sacrament of the altar. 1563, pp. 666-67, 676; 1570, pp. 1421-22; 1576, pp. 1211-12; 1583, p. 1241.

John Hemmysley, John Lasselles, John Adams and Anne Askew were burnt together at Smithfield. 1563, p. 666; 1570, p. 1421; 1576, p. 1211; 1583, pp. 1240-41.

1583 Edition, page 1263
John Lauder

Priest and member of St Andrews Priory

John Lauder read out the accusations against George Wishart at his trial. 1563, p. 649; 1570, p. 1444; 1576, p. 1232; 1583, p. 1268.

Lauder was the accuser at the trial of John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

Lauder was the accuser at the trial of Adam Wallace. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

1583 Edition, page 1292 | 1583 Edition, page 1296
John Launce

Of Auborn, Lincolnshire. Of the Greyhound Inn.

John Launce accompanied one Cox to the house of William Living to search for heretical books and arrest Living. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2265, 1576, p. 1956, 1583, p. 2063.

1583 Edition, page 2087[Back to Top]
John Launder

(1530? - 1555)

Husbandman and martyr. Born and lived in Godstone, Surrey.

John Launder was apprehended with Derick Carver at the end of October 1554 by Edward Gage, while at prayer in Carver's house. 1563, pp. 1239-40, 1570, pp. 1860-61, 1576, pp. 1592-93, 1583, p. 1680.

He appeared to hold prayer meetings at his own house. 1563, p. 1242, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1593, 1583, p. 1680.

He was sent to Newgate. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1593, 1583, p. 1680.

On 8 June 1555 Launder was sent to prison after a letter was sent to Bonner from the marquess of Winchester, now lord treasurer [?], on 8 June 1555. He appeared in the consistory court of 10 June 1555. 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He made a confession before Bonner. 1563, p. 1240, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

Robert Smith told his wife in a letter that Launder was condemned. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

Launder sent a piece of Spanish money to Anne Smith. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

Foxe records the articles against him and answers. 1563, p. 1240, 1570, pp. 1861-62, 1576, pp. 1593-94, 1583, pp. 1681-82.

William Paulet was ordered by the privy council on 12 June 1555 to send a writ for John Launder's execution to the sheriff of Sussex. 1583, p. 1581.

He was burned with Derick Carver at Lewes on 22 July 1555. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

1583 Edition, page 1605 | 1583 Edition, page 1704 | 1583 Edition, page 1706 | 1583 Edition, page 1725
John Laurence

(d. 1555)

Former Dominican; at Sudbury Convent when it was dissolved in 1538 [Emden, 1501-40].

Foxe mentions that John Laurence was examined by Bishop Bonner on 8 February 1555; he was condemned by Bonner on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1705; 1576, p. 1456; 1583, p. 1529.

Articles objected against John Laurence on 8 February 1555: 1563, pp. 1111-12; 1570, p. 1720; 1576, pp. 1468-69; 1583, p. 1542.

Laurence was examined, formally and informally, by Bonner on 9 February 1555. He declared to Bonner that he had been ordained as a priest eighteen years previously, that he had been a Dominican and that he was engaged to be married. He also denied the Real Presence, declaring that the eucharist was a remembrance of Christ's body. 1563, p. 1112; 1570, p. 1721; 1576, p. 1469; 1583, p. 1543.

He was condemned and degraded on 9 February 1555 and sent to Newgate. 1563, p. 1112; 1570, p. 1721; 1576, p. 1469; 1583, p. 1543.

John Laurence was executed in Colchester on 29 March 1555. Because of physical infirmity, he was carried to the stake in a chair. Children shouted encouragement to him as he was burning. 1563, p. 1113; 1570, p. 1721; 1576, pp. 1469-70; 1583, p. 1543.

1583 Edition, page 1553 | 1583 Edition, page 1566 | 1583 Edition, page 1609
John le Fevre

John le Fevre was mistaken by Foxe for one of the jurats who examined Perotine Massey. He was not one of the seven jurats. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, pp. 1943-44.

1583 Edition, page 1968
John Leach

John Leach was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979
John Leaf

(1535? - 1555)

Martyr. Burned with John Bradford.

John Leaf was born in Kirby Moorside ('Kirkeby moresyde') in the county of York. 1563, p. 1214. 1570, p. 1803, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

He was apprentice to Humfrey Gawdye, tallow chaundelour, of the parish of Christes Church in London. 1563, p. 1214. 1570, p. 1803, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

He was imprisoned in the Counter in Bread Street by the alderman of that area of the city where Leafe lived. 1563, p. 1214, 1570, p. 1803, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

When examined by Bonner, John Leaf denied transubstantiation and admitted to being a 'scholer' of John Rogers, and that he believed in the doctrine of Rogers, Hooper and Cardmaker. 1563, p. 1214, 1570, pp. 1803-04, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

Foxe gives an account of the behaviour of Leaf at his burning at Smithfield. 1563, p. 1215, 1570, pp. 1804-05, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

1583 Edition, page 1629 | 1583 Edition, page 1689
John Ledley

Freewiller. Of Ashford, Kent.

John Ledley was forced to flee Kent for fear of persecution. 1563, p. 1679.

Stephen Morris's confession listed Robert Coles and his wife, John Ledley and his wife, and William Punt as being protestants in London, all of whom resided at the Bell in Gracechurch Street, and all of whom visited prisoners in the King's Bench. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

[Involved in the Bocking conventicle. Arrested and ordered to be imprisoned. Apparently fled in 1551. (APC 3, pp. 199, 206-07). Converted to freewiller beliefs. (See Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), p. 137.) Author with Robert Cole of a collection of orthodox prayers, STC 17776.]]

John Leicester

of Aldermanbury; charged with others in 1541 with supporting Robert Barnes and other preachers [Fines]

John Leicester was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1205.

1583 Edition, page 1229
John Leland

(c. 1503 - 1552) [ODNB]

Poet and antiquary; BA Cambridge 1522

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 1304; 1576, p. 1116; 1583, p. 1141.

1583 Edition, page 1165
John Lindsay

(d. 1563) [ODNB]

5th Lord Lindsay of the Byres; inherited the sheriffship of Fife; one of the lords who attempted to rescue young James V from Douglases in 1526; lost the sheriffship in 1529, reinstated in 1563

John Lindsay sat on the assizes that condemned Sir James Hamilton for treason and Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

1583 Edition, page 1283[Back to Top]
John Lion

[Foxe in the gloss gives the name of the lord mayor as John Lion. This appears to be a mistake as no man of that name was lord mayor in the period.]

The lord mayor took part in the last examination of Robert Smith. 1563, p. 1259; 1570, p. 1874; 1576, p. 1605; 1583, p. 1694.

1583 Edition, page 1718
John Lithal

Of unknown occupation. Originally from Staffordshire but living in London.

John Lithal was held in London for his beliefs around the time that news of Mary's sickness began to spread. 1570, p. 2266, 1576, p. 1957, 1583, p. 2063.

Lithal was brought for examination by John Avales. 1570, p. 2266, 1576, p. 1957, 1583, p. 2063.

William Living's books were in his custody at the time of Living's apprehension. 1570, p. 2267, 1576, p. 1958, 1583, p. 2063.

The constable of Southwark broke into Lithal's house while Lithal was out and removed all books and his bills of debts. 1570, p. 2267, 1576, p. 1958, 1583, p. 2063.

He was examined before Darbyshire and Avales. 1570, pp. 2267-68, 1576, p. 1958, 1583, p. 2063.

When it became clear that Mary was very ill, the proceedings against Lithal were not taken any further. 1570, p. 2269, 1576, p. 1958, 1583, p. 2065.

1583 Edition, page 2087
John Lomas

(d. 1556)

A young man of unspecified occupation. Martyr. Of Tenderden, Kent.

John Lomas was examined on 17 January 1556 at Canterbury. 1563, p. 1469, 1570, p. 2031, 1576, p. 1751, 1583, p. 1858.

He was condemned on 18 January 1556. 1563, p. 1469, 1570, p. 2031, 1576, p. 1752, 1583, p. 1859.

He was burned on 31 January 1556 at Canterbury. 1563, p. 1469, 1570, p. 2031, 1576, p. 1752, 1583, p. 1858.

1583 Edition, page 1882
John London

(1485/6 - 1543) [ODNB; Emden]

Administrator; native of Hambleden, Buckinghamshire

BCL Oxford 1513; DCL 1519; warden of New College, Oxford (1526 - 42); regarded in Oxford and elsewhere as a great opponent of reform; notary public by 1533; dean of Wallingford 1536; canon and prebendary of Salisbury and Windsor 1540; dean of Oxford 1542; participated in the dissolution of the monasteries; convicted of perjury in 1543, died in prison

Alice Doly's servant was brought before John London to give evidence against her mistress in Buckinghamshire in 1520. 1570, p. 1118; 1576, p. 957; 1583, p. 984.

The arrest of Thomas Garrard at Oxford brought great joy to John London and John Hygdon. 1563, p. 605; 1570, p. 1366; 1576, p. 1166; 1583, p. 1194.

After Thomas Garrard escaped, John Cottisford was blamed by the John Hygdon and John London. They sent out spies to search. 1563, p. 606; 1570, p. 1367; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1195.

Anthony Dalaber was brought before London, John Hygdon and John Cottisford and examined. 1563, p. 608; 1570, p. 1368; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1196.

Thomas Garrard was apprehended after his escape and examined by Cottisford, Hygdon and London. He was condemned as a heretic and made to bear a faggot. 1563, p. 609; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

John London was one of the examiners of the reformers in Cardinal College, Oxford. 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

Some plate was stolen from New College, Oxford, and sold to William Callaway in London. Callaway bought the goods in good faith. When John London, warden of the college, discovered that he had bought it and that he was a protestant, he brought a charge of felony against him. 1563, pp. 626-27; 1570, p. 1408; 1576, pp. 1200-01; 1583, p. 1230.

London was one of the chief persecutors of Robert Testwood, Henry Filmer and Anthony Pearson at Windsor. 1563, p. 630; 1570, p. 1386; 1576, p. 1182; 1583, p. 1211.

Anthony Pearson often preached in Windsor, where his sermons were very popular with the people, but not with the conservative clerics, especially William Symonds and John London. 1570, p. 1389; 1576, p. 1185; 1583, p. 1213.

After London had been in Windsor a while, he learned of the views of Robert Testwood and was shown the broken nose of the image of the Virgin. 1570, p. 1389; 1576, p. 1185; 1583, p. 1213.

Symonds and London kept notes of Pearson's sermons. They included the names of all those who frequented the sermons. They reported all of these to Stephen Gardiner. 1570, p. 1389; 1576, p. 1185; 1583, pp. 1213-14.

Henry Filmer's wife pleaded with the bishops who were commissioners for the Six Articles to give her husband an audience. She eventually found the bishops of Ely, Salisbury and Hereford together and put her case. However, John London and William Symonds ensured that Filmer was never brought before the bishops. 1570, p. 1395; 1576, p. 1189; 1583, p. 1218.

Symonds brought Henry Filmer's brother to John London's house, where he was won over with food, drink and promises of friendship and plenty. London retained him as one of his household men until the day of Henry Filmer's trial, when his brother gave testimony against him. 1570, p. 1396; 1576, p. 1190; 1583, p. 1219.

After the secret indictments against members of the privy council were discovered and the king's pardon granted, John London, William Symonds and Robert Ockham were brought before the council and found guilty of perjury. They were sentenced to ride backwards on horses, wearing papers, and to stand in the pillories of Windsor, Reading and Newbury. 1570, p. 1399; 1576, p. 1193; 1583, p. 1221.

1583 Edition, page 1008 | 1583 Edition, page 1056 | 1583 Edition, page 1218 | 1583 Edition, page 1235 | 1583 Edition, page 1236 | 1583 Edition, page 1245 | 1583 Edition, page 1254[Back to Top]
John Longland

(d. 1547)

Bishop of Lincoln (1521 - 1547). Confessor to Henry VIII. [DNB]

King Henry VIII was persuaded by the bishop of Lincoln [Longland] that his marriage to Catherine of Arragon was unlawful. 1563, p. 1471.

John Longland

(1473 - 1547) [ODNB]

Scholar, preacher; BTh Oxford by 1509; DTh by 1511; dean of Salisbury 1514

Bishop of Lincoln (1521 - 1547); royal confessor 1524

Thomas Wolsey, William Warham, Cuthbert Tunstall, John Fisher, Nicholas West, John Veysey, John Longland, John Clerk and Henry Standish took part in the examination of Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur in 1527-28. 1563, pp. 461-78; 1570, pp. 1134-46; 1576, pp. 971-81; 1583, pp. 998-1008.

Thomas Harding was brought before Bishop Longland to be examined. Longland condemned him as a relapse, and he was sentenced to be burnt. 1570, p. 1117; 1576, p. 956; 1583, p. 983.

John Longland took part in the examination of John Tewkesbury. 1563, p. 491; 1570, pp. 1165-66; 1576, p. 997; 1583, p. 1025.

John Frith was examined in London by the bishops of London, Winchester and Lincoln. Stokesley pronounced the sentence of condemnation. 1563, pp. 501-04; 1570, pp. 1176-78; 1576, pp. 1006-08; 1583, pp. 1034-35.

Andrew Hewett was examined by Stokesley, Gardiner and Longland. 1563, p. 506; 1570, p. 1180; 1576, p. 1009; 1583, p. 1036.

Other Lollards were brought before Longland to be examined, confess and abjure. 1570, pp. 1118-20; 1576, pp. 957-59; 1583, pp. 984-86.

The archbishop of Canterbury (Cranmer), along with the bishops of London (Stokesley), Winchester (Gardiner), Bath and Wells (Clerk) and Lincoln (Longland) and other clergy went to see Queen Catherine. She failed to attend when summoned over 15 days, and they pronounced that she and the king were divorced. 1570, p. 1200; 1576, p. 1027; 1583, p. 1055.

Longland was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Longland attended a synod in 1537 with other bishops and learned men and with Thomas Cromwell as vicar-general. Longland favoured retaining the seven sacraments. 1563, p. 594; 1570, p. 1351; 1576, p. 1153; 1583, p. 1182.

Longland preached a sermon against the pope's supremacy in front of the king at Greenwich on Good Friday in 1538. 1570, pp. 1250-54; 1576, pp. 1071-74; 1583, pp. 1097-1100.

Mark Cowbridge went mad, was condemned by John Longland and burnt in Oxford. 1563, p. 574; 1570, p. 1292; 1576, p. 1105; 1583, p. 1131.

Longland and Anthony Draycot were active in enforcing the Six Articles within the diocese of Lincoln. 1570, p. 1382; 1576, p. 1179; 1583, p. 1207.

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John Lord Borthwick

5th Lord Borthwick by 19 February 1544 [ODNB sub William Borthwick]

Lord Borthwick sat on the assize that judged heretics in Perth. 1570, p. 1443; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1267.

1583 Edition, page 1291
John Luckes

of Oye-Plage, near Calais

John Luckes was brought in as a witness against John Butler before the council of Calais. 1570, p. 1403; 1576, p. 1196; 1583, p. 1226.

1583 Edition, page 1250
John MacAlpine

(alias) Johannes Machabeus (d. 1557)

Chaplain to Christian III of Denmark; related by marriage to Miles Coverdale. [DNB]

MacAlpine persuaded Christian III to try (successfully) to secure Miles Coverdale's release and deportation to Denmark. 1570, p. 1706; 1576, p. 1456; 1583, p. 1529.

[Foxe calls him 'Machabeus.']

1583 Edition, page 1553
John Mace

(d. 1556)

Apothecary. Martyr. Of Colchester.

John Mace was delivered to John Kingstone, bachelor of civil law, and then commissory to Gardiner, by the earl of Oxford on 28 March 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1802, 1583, p. 1909.

Articles were brought against him which he answered. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, pp. 2089-90, 1576, pp. 1802-03, 1583, p. 1909.

He was burned at Colchester on 28 April 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1802, 1583, p. 1909.

1583 Edition, page 1933 | 1583 Edition, page 1934
John Macham

Sheriff of London (1555 -1556) with Thomas Leigh.

The sheriff (Macham) heard of the treatment of Philpot in prison and ordered Philpot's irons to be removed. 1563, p. 1443, 1570, p. 2001, 1576, p. 1998, 1583, p. 1830.

1583 Edition, page 1854
John Madew

(d. 1555)

Master of Clare College, Cambridge (1549 ? 1553) [Venn]

On 26 October 1553, John Madew was discharged as Master of Clare on the grounds that he was married by John Young, acting on Stephen Gardiner?s authority, (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

1583 Edition, page 1490
John Madew

(d. 1555) [Venn & Venn]

Doctor of divinity, Master of Clare College, Cambridge (1549 - 53; deprived for being married); king's commissioner

John Madew was a member of the king's commission that attempted to administer an oath to Bishop Bonner and the clergy of St Paul's and that gave Bonner a list of injunctions. 1563, p. 689; 1570, p. 1501; 1576, pp. 1272-73; 1583, p. 1309.

In the disputation at Cambridge in 1549, John Madew answered the first disputation, opposed by William Glyn, Alban Langdale, Thomas Sedgewick and John Young. 1570, pp. 1556-57; 1576, pp. 1326-28; 1583, pp. 1376-82.

1583 Edition, page 1333 | 1583 Edition, page 1400[Back to Top]
John Mailer (Mayler)

Grocer and printer of St Botolph without Aldersgate; charged in 1541; printed heretical works; imprisoned in 1543 [Fines]

John Mailer was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, pp. 1377, 1378; 1576, pp. 1175, 1176; 1583, pp. 1203, 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Major (Mair)

(c. 1467 - 1550) [ODNB; Fasti ecclesiæ scoticanæ]

Scots theologian, philosopher, historian; studied at Cambridge, Paris MA 1494; Navarre DTh 1506; taught at the Sorbonne; wrote the History of Greater Britain, England and Scotland, pub. 1521; provost of St Salvator's College, St Andrews University (1534 - 50); dean of the faculty of theology

John Major sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

1583 Edition, page 1283
John Mallory (Malary)

BA Christ's College, Cambridge 1524; MA 1527; brought to do penance as a sacramentary in Oxford in 1536; completed penance in St Frideswide's next day [Fines]

Richard Smyth preached a sermon when Mallory came into St Mary's church in Oxford to do his penance. During the sermon, cries of 'fire' produced panic in the congregation. 1563, p. 621; 1570, p. 1382; 1576, p. 1179; 1583, p. 1208.

1583 Edition, page 1231
John Manatiell

[Ogier]

John Manatiell was one of the justices who pronounced the sentence of execution for heresy on Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1850 [recte 1838], 1583, p. 1944.

1583 Edition, page 1968
John Marbeck

(c. 1505 - 1585) [ODNB]

Musician, composer and writer of New Windsor, Berkshire; chorister of St George's Chapel; became lay clerk; compiled concordance for the English 'Matthew' bible; condemned to burn for heresy with Testwood in 1543, given a royal reprieve and eventual pardon

Ward and Thomas Vachell were appointed commissioners to search for books at Windsor. Robert Bennett, Henry Filmer, John Marbeck and Robert Testwood were found to be holding books contrary to the Six Articles. Marbeck was imprisoned in the Marshalsea. 1570, p. 1390; 1576, p. 1186; 1583, p. 1214.

Adam Damplip was already a prisoner in the Marshalsea when Marbeck was sent there. Damplip was confessor to the prisoners there, and he and Marbeck became acquainted. 1570, p. 1406; 1576, p. 1199; 1583, p. 1228.

Marbeck was examined and attempts were made to persuade him to name others, which he resisted. Stephen Gardiner himself conducted his third examination. Gardiner ordered that he be placed in irons and kept in isolation. 1570, pp. 1391-92; 1576, pp. 1186-88; 1583, pp. 1215-16.

Marbeck's fourth examination was conducted by John Capon, John Skip, Thomas Goodrich, Robert Oking and William May. At this examination Marbeck explained how he had produced an English concordance with a minimal knowledge of Latin. 1570, pp. 1393-94; 1576, pp. 1188-89; 1583, pp. 1216-17.

Henry Filmer, Anthony Pearson and John Marbeck were taken to Windsor and put into prison there. Robert Testwood was brought out of his house on crutches and put with them. 1570, p. 1395; 1576, p. 1190; 1583, p. 1218.

Sir Humphrey Foster, one of the judges at the trial of Marbeck, Testwood, Pearson and Filmer, spoke in favour of John Marbeck's acquital, but Vachell was opposed. 1570, p. 1396; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1219.

Filmer, Pearson, Marbeck and Testwood were put on trial at Windsor and all were found guilty by the jury. 1570, p. 1397; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1219.

John Capon and others of the judges sent a message to Stephen Gardiner in favour of John Marbeck, who was then pardoned by the king. 1570, p. 1397; 1576, p. 1191; 1583, p. 1220.

1583 Edition, page 1234 | 1583 Edition, page 1238 | 1583 Edition, page 1247
John Margetson

John Margetson was a witness against Giles Harrison when he was presented before Bonner in London in 1541. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1205.

1583 Edition, page 1229
John Marshall

Curate of St Chad's, Shrewsbury.

John Marshall refused to bury Edward Bourton and was berated for this act by George Torpelley. 1570, p. 1892, 1576, p. 1620, 1583, p. 1714.

1583 Edition, page 1739
John Martiall

(1534 - 1597)

Catholic controversialist. (DNB)

John Martiall wrote The Book of the Cross. 1570, p. 2303, 1576, p. 1994, 1583, p. 2104.

Two of his students, Hanington and Plankney, drowned themselves. 1570, p. 2303, 1576, p. 1994, 1583, p. 2104.

1583 Edition, page 2128[Back to Top]
John Massie

Keeper of the Marshalsea c. 1541 - 43

John Massie loved Adam Damplip and allowed him freedom of movement within the Marshalsea. He delivered Damplip's letter to Stephen Gardiner. He returned sadly, bearing an order for Damplip's execution in Calais. 1570, p. 1406; 1576, p. 1199; 1583, p. 1228.

On the orders of Stephen Gardiner, John Massie took Adam Damplip to Calais. 1570, p. 1400; 1576, p. 1193; 1583, p. 1223.

After the execution of Damplip, Massie returned to England with John Butler and Daniel the curate, who were imprisoned in the Marshalsea. 1570, p. 1400; 1576, p. 1193; 1583, p. 1223.

1583 Edition, page 1247 | 1583 Edition, page 1252
John Matthew

Yeoman of the Guard.

Robert Smith was sent to Newgate by John Matthew on 5 November 1555. 1563, p. 1252, 1570, p. 1870, 1576, p. 1601, 1583, p. 1691.

1583 Edition, page 1715
John Mauling

Of Winston.

Mauling was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

1583 Edition, page 1936
John Maundrel

(d. 1556)

Husbandman. Martyr. Of Bullingham, Wiltshire.

John Maundrel was the son of Robert Maundrel of Rowde. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He converted to protestantism after reading Tyndale's translation of scripture. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

During Henry VIII's reign he was brought before Dr Trigonion at Edington Abbey in Wiltshire and accused of speaking against the sacrament. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He did penance in the town of Devises, Wiltshire. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

During Mary's reign, Maundrel removed to Gloucester and north of Wiltshire and moved between these areas in an attempt to avoid further persecution. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He probably stayed with John Bridges and tended his cattle during this period [Foxe is not completely sure it was Bridges]. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He returned home and spoke to a friend, Anthony Clee, at Vyes, about why he had returned home to the threat of persecution. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He conferred with William Coberley and John Spicer during Mary's reign. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Maundrel went with Coberley and Spicer to the parish church of Keevil and urged the parishoners, in particular Robert Barksdale, not to worship the idol carried there: the host. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He called out to the priest at Keevil that purgatory was nothing more than the pope's blindfold. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He was held in the stocks until the service was over, handed to a justice and then transported to Salisbury to appear before John Capon and William Geffre. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He was examined by William Geffre. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He was offered the chance to recant and be pardoned by John St John. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Maundrel was burned at Salisbury on 24 March 1556 with William Corberley and John Spicer. 1563, p. 1504, 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Geffre spoke to John Maundrel at the stake and bade him to recant. 1563, p. 1734, 1583, p. 2144.

Thomas Gilford, a merchant from Poole, Dorset, berated Geffre for his treatment of Maundrel. 1563, p. 1734, 1583, p. 2144.

[Note that in 1563 Foxe does not know his christian name.]

1583 Edition, page 1918 | 1583 Edition, page 2167
John Medwell

Servant to William Carkke, scrivener of London [Fines]

John Medwell was charged in London in 1532 with holding heretical opinions and possessing illicit books. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1089; 1576, p. 1018; 1583, p. 1046.

1583 Edition, page 1070
John Mel

of Boxtead, Essex [Fines]

John Mel was charged in London in 1532 with reading the English New Testament, a primer and a psalter. 1570, p. 1089; 1576, p. 1017; 1583, p. 1046.

1583 Edition, page 1070
John Melvin

Minister. Martyr. Of Reading.

On 24 August 1553 John Melvin, a Scotsman and a preacher, was sent to Newgate by the privy council (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]; APC IV, p. 330). [NB: Foxe did not reprint the privy council register's description of Melvin as 'a very sedytious preacher'].

John Melvin wrote a letter to his brethren in Reading while imprisoned in Newgate, in which he referred to John Bolton, Downer, Gately, Radley (now vicar of St Lawrence), Bowyer (a tanner) and Julins Palmer (who was indicted by Thackham). 1583, p. 2140.

[Melvin is a very shadowy figure who does not appear to have held any preferment in London diocese.]

1583 Edition, page 1433 | 1583 Edition, page 2163[Back to Top]
John Miles

of St Giles without Cripplegate; he and his wife were charged with 6 others in 1541 for insulting the sacraments and ceremonies of the church [Fines]

John Miles was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Millen

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged with 7 others in 1541 for insulting the sacraments and ceremonies of the church [Fines]

John Millen was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Milles

Capper. Of London.

John Milles was arrested with 26 others as a member of an illegal conventicle. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

He was imprisoned in Newgate with John Hinshaw. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2037.

He was put in the stocks for one night. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2044.

He was sent with Thomas Hinshaw to Fulham, where he remained in the stocks for eight or ten days. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2044.

Milles was severely beaten by Bonner in Bonner's orchard for refusing to recant and make the sign of the cross on his forehead. 1570, p. 2243, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2044.

He was sent to Fulham church to hear the articles against him. 1570, p. 2243, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2044.

When he was returned to prison, Milles was visited by an old conjuring priest, sent at Bonner's command, who then tried to make Milles recant. 1570, p. 2243, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2044.

Foxe relates one of Milles' discussions with Bonner. 1570, p. 2243, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2045.

Milles' wife visited Bonner as she was almost ready to give birth, demanding the release of her husband. She refused to leave Bonner's house without him. Bonner relented and allowed him his liberty for one evening. 1570, p. 2243, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2045.

Robert Rouse, a kinsman of Milles, witnessed Bonner's request that Milles be returned to Bonner's house after he and his wife had spent the night in lodgings in Fulham. 1570, p. 2243, 1576, p. 1938, 1583, p. 2045.

Bonner insisted that Milles return, which he did - of his own accord - the following day. Bonner wrote something in Latin for him to subscribe to [which was unseen by Foxe] and as it seemed no great matter, Milles consented and subscribed. 1570, p. 2243, 1576, p. 1938, 1583, p. 2045.

Milles died in Newgate prison in Whitsuntide week. 1570, p. 2243, 1576, p. 1938, 1583, p. 2045.

[Brother of Robert Milles, the martyr, who was burned at Brentford. 1563, p. 1690]

1583 Edition, page 1693 | 1583 Edition, page 1698 | 1583 Edition, page 1883 | 1583 Edition, page 2061 | 1583 Edition, page 2067
John Milles

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of Hellingley.

John Milles was accused and examined by Christopherson, Richard Briesly, Robert Tailor, Thomas Paccard, Anthony Clarke, and Alban Langdale. He was condemned and martyred at Chichester. 1563, p. 1634, 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1815, 1583, p. 2023.

1583 Edition, page 2048
John Mordaunt

(1490? - 1562)

First baron Mordaunt of Turrey. Privy councillor and a member of several county commissions.(DNB)

John Mordaunt was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Robert Farrer talked with Laurence Sheriff in the Rose tavern and suggested to Sheriff that Elizabeth had been involved in Wyatt's rebellion. Sheriff complained to Bonner about Farrer before Mordaunt, Sir John Baker, Darbyshire, Story, Harpsfield, and others. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2097.

John Fetty was taken by Richard Tanner and his fellow constables to Sir John Mordaunt who then sent him to Cluney, Bonner's summoner. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

1583 Edition, page 1994 | 1583 Edition, page 2080 | 1583 Edition, page 2086 | 1583 Edition, page 2121
John Moreman

(1490? - 1554)

D.D., vicar of Menheniot, Cornwall; nominated to the deanery of Exeter but he died before presentation. He was a major figure in the diocese of Exeter (see DNB)

John Moreman was one of the champions of catholic doctrine in the disputes in the 1553 convocation; he debated with John Aylmer, John Philpot and Walter Phillips there (1563, pp. 907-09, 912 and 915-16; 1570, pp. 1572-74, 1576 and 1578; 1576, pp. 1341-42, 1344 and 1346-47; 1583, pp. 1411-12, 1414 and 1417).

Ridley reported, in a letter to Cranmer written in the aftermath of the Oxford disputations in April 1554, that Moreman had persuaded Sir James Hales to recant (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1464).

Foxe describes Moreman as coadjutor to John Veysey, the bishop of Exeter and then Veysey?s successor (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467). The last is inaccurate but the DNB suggests that Moreman was nominated dean of Exeter but died before he could take up the post.

1583 Edition, page 1435 | 1583 Edition, page 1488 | 1583 Edition, page 1491[Back to Top]
John Moreman

(c. 1490 - 1554) [ODNB]

b. South Hole, Harland, Devon. Roman Catholic priest; BA Oxford 1509; MA 1512; BD 1527; DD 1530; tutored John Hooker; prebendary in college of Glasney 1532; imprisoned early in Edward's reign along with Richard Crispyn; chaplain to Queen Mary

John Moreman was one of those seeking the identity of the person who had posted antipapal papers on the cathedral doors at Exeter in 1531. 1570, p. 1181; 1576, p. 1010; 1583, p. 1038.

1583 Edition, page 1062
John Morgan

John Morgan was named in a commission from Henry VIII to Edmund Bonner as one who was required to execute the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1375; 1576, p. 1173; 1583, p. 1202.

1583 Edition, page 1226
John Morin

Lieutenant of the provost of Paris.

John Morin was stricken with a disease known as 'the Wolves' that paralysed his legs and feet, which sent him insane. His condition is referred to in a letter to Henri II (1570, pp. 2309-10, 1576, pp. 1999-2000, 1583, pp. 2108-09).

1583 Edition, page 2133
John Morren

(fl. 1533 - 1560)

Prebend of Weldland (St Paul's) (1558 - 1560). [Fasti] Bonner's chaplain, held a number of livings in the diocese of London. He was deprived of all his livings in 1560 [Emden, 1501-1540, sub 'Morwyn, John'].

Morren was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

[Foxe calls him 'John Morwen'.]

1583 Edition, page 1559
John Morton

(d. 1500) [ODNB]

Administrator, diplomat; BCL Oxford by 1448; BCnCL by 1451; DCL 1452; chancellor of Oxford (1495 - 1500), chancellor of Cambridge (1499 - 1500); master of the rolls 1472; bishop of Ely (1478 - 86); chancellor of England 1487; archbishop of Canterbury 1486; cardinal 1493

In a message to James V of Scotland, Henry VIII said that his father had only one cardinal and that he became weary of him. 1570, p. 1219; 1576, p. 1044; 1583, p. 1071.

1583 Edition, page 1095[Back to Top]
John Mosse

In letters to John Treves, John Bradford refers to letters between the two carried by John Mosse. 1583, pp. 1661-63.

1583 Edition, page 1685
John Motham

Constable of Mauldon, Essex.

John Motham sent William Andrew to prison. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1575, 1583, p. 1707.

1583 Edition, page 1726
John Moyer

Minister of Corsley, Wiltshire

The author of a libel against the Mass which was posted on the church door at Reading during Lent in 1554. John Bolton was suspected of being the author of the libel and imprisoned (1563, p. 1017).

[The name of Moyer's living is taken from a letter he wrote to Foxe concerning Bolton's imprisonment: see Strype, EM III, 2, pp. 427-30].

1583 Edition, page 2164
John Naylor

Vicar of All Hallows Barking in 1532

John Nayler was present at the last examination of James Bainham. 1563, p. 499; 1570, p. 1171; 1576, p. 1001; 1583, p. 1029.

1583 Edition, page 1053
John Newman

(d. 1555)

Martyr. Pewterer. Of Saffron Walden.

John Newman was apprehended, examined and condemned. 1563, p. 1244-45, 1570, p. 1865, 1576, pp. 1596-97 , 1583, p. 1684.

Articles were brought against him. 1563, pp. 1246-47, 1570, pp. 1865-66, 1576, p. 1597, 1583, p. 1684.

Robert Smith was held in a chamber at Bonner's house while Bonner went to condemn John Denley and John Newman. 1563, p. 1252, 1570, p. 1870, 1576, p. 1601, 1583, p. 1691.

On 1 July 1555 Newman appeared at the consistory court of St Paul's and was condemned 5 July. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1597-8, 1583, p. 1685.

He met with Justice Edmund Tyrrell, shortly before he was burned. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, p. 1864, 1576, p. 1596, 1583, p. 1683.

He was burned at Saffron Walden on 31 August 1555. 1563, p. 1268, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1686

[or]

He was burned at Uxbridge with John Denley and Patrick Packingham around 28 August 1555. 1563, pp. 1267-68.

John Newman was apprehended in Kent and examined there by Thornden and others at Tenterden. 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, pp. 1686-87, p. 1950.

He was brought before Bonner and condemned with Denley and Packingham. 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1950.

Newman wrote a letter to Thornden about his conduct and doctrine. 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1950.

He was examined by Thornden and gave answers. 1570, p. 2134-35, 1576, pp. 1856-57, 1583, p. 1950-51.

John Newman proposed arguments on the sacrament. 1570, p. 2135, 1576, pp. 1857-58, 1583, p. 1951.

He was burned at Saffron Walden. 1570, p. 2135, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1951.

Foxe recounts John Newman's faith and occupation. 1563, pp. 1268-69, 1583, pp. 1687-88. [NB: Foxe calls him Richard in 1563, apparently confusing him with his brother of that name.]

John Newman was examined before Thornden, Collins and others. 1583, pp. 1686-87.

1583 Edition, page 1707 | 1583 Edition, page 1716 | 1583 Edition, page 1974
John Norgate

(d. 1557?)

Of Norwich.

John Norgate was hunted for by Berry but died of consumption before Berry could seize him. 1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

1583 Edition, page 2060
John Norice

(d. 1556)

John Norice died in the King's Bench and was buried at the back-side of the prison on 29 June 1556. 1563, p. 1527, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

1583 Edition, page 1941
John Norris

(by 1502 - 1577)

Of Fifield, Berkshire. MP for Dowton (1553, 1554), Taunton (1554), Bodmin (1555), Gentleman Usher of the Privy Chamber by 1536 and 1553 - 1558. Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod and Order of the Garter (1554 - 1577). [Bindoff]

John Norris arrested Elizabeth's lady-in-waiting, Mistress Ashley, and imprisoned her in the Fleet. 1570, p. 2295, 1576, p. 1987, 1583, p. 2294.

1583 Edition, page 2121[Back to Top]
John Norton

Esquire of Stydestid, Hampshire

John Norton was a deponent in the case of Stephen Gardiner. 1563, pp. 847=48.

John Nottingham

Of unknown occupation. Of Suffolk.

John Nottingham was said by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler not to have taken the sacrament. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

[Probably related to the other Ipswich Nottinghams]

1583 Edition, page 2114
John Nowell

(d. by May 1567)

Rector of Hadleigh (1554 - 1560), dean of Bocking (1556 - 1564), rector of Great Massingham, Norfolk (1556 - 1567) (Emden, 1501-1540).

John Nowell succeeded Rowland Taylor as rector of Hadleigh. Foxe contrasts him unfavorably with his predecessor. 1563, p. 1070; 1570, p. 1696; 1576, p. 1448; 1583, p. 1521.

[A copy of a sermon preached by Nowell in Hadleigh on 10 February 1555, the day after Rowland Taylor's execution, survives in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley MS 425, fols. 119r-120r). Nowell denounced Taylor for having 'dyed in a damnable case'. This sermon was not printed by Foxe, but a long extract from it is in Strype, Cranmer, pp. 604-6].

John Alcock did not remove his cap during the procession, for which action Nowall called for the constable to arrest Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Robert Rolfe was an honest constable and asked Nowall why he was so enraged by John Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Nowall insisted that Rolfe place Alcock in the stocks. Rolfe said that he would bail him and so not put him in the stocks. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe later met with Alcock and told him that he was sorry for him. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe feared that Newall would be cruel to Alcock because of Newall's dislike of Rolfe. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe took Alcock to appear before Newall who committed him to ward. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

[Foxe calls him 'Maister Neweall'.]

1583 Edition, page 1545 | 1583 Edition, page 2069 | 1583 Edition, page 2070 | 1583 Edition, page 2169
John Noyes

Martyr. Shoemaker. Of Laxfield, Suffolk.

Noyes was confronted as he was leaving his house and taken before the justices the next day. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes was put in the Eye prison (Eye in Suffolk) and then transferred to Norwich, where articles were ministered against him. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes' brother-in-law, Nicholas Fisk of Dennington, comforted Noyes in the Guildhall prior to his death. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes wrote down for Fisk the cause of his condemnation. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes was sent from Norwich to the Eye prison and then on to Laxfield, on 21 September 1557, where he was to be burned. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Master Thurston (justice), Master Waller (undersheriff) and Thomas Lovel (high constable) prepared the place for Noyes' execution. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1914, 1583, p. 2021.

Lovel and his man, Granmow, broke into the only house nearby that still had a fire lit to make a torch to light the fire for Noyes' pyre. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1914, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes said the 50th Psalm before the stake. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1914, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes spoke to his sister while he was at the stake, asking her not to weep for him but for her sins. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1914, 1583, p. 2021.

Nicholas Cadman, an ostler, set a faggot against Noyes, which Noyes then kissed. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1914, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes gave his psalter to Waller, to whom he entrusted his wife and children, and asked him to give the book to them. Waller agreed but did not keep his promise. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1914, 1583, p. 2021.

Foxe records Noyes' final words at the stake. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1914, 1583, p. 2021.

While Noyes was burning, John Jarvis, a manservant of Norwich, commented on how Noyes' sinews shrank. Grannow and Benet, the sheriff's men, heard his words and pinioned him, taking him before the justice, who bound his father and master £5 each. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2021.

The following Wednesday, Jarvis was brought before justices Thurston and Kene, sitting at Fressingham in Hoxne hundred. They commanded that he be set in the stocks the next market day and then whipped about the market, naked. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2021.

Jarvis' master, William Jarvis, craved friendship with the constables, who did not set him in the stocks until the Sunday. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2021.

Jarvis was whipped about the market with a dog-whip. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2021.

Foxe states that some reported that Jarvis was whipped for saying that Nicholas Cadman was Noyes' ostler. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes' ashes were buried in a pit, along with one of his feet that had not burned to ashes. 1570, p. 2218, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2021.

Noyes wrote a letter to his wife. 1570, pp. 2218-19, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, pp. 2022-23.

[Fines suggests that Noyes might be a variant of 'Moise'.]

1583 Edition, page 2045
John of Beverley (St John of Beverley)

(d. 721) [ODNB]

Bishop of Hexham (c. 687 - 706); ordained Bede as deacon and priest

Bishop of York (706 - 714x18)

Miracles were attributed to John. He was buried in the porch of the minster at Beverley. 1570, p. 168; 1576, p. 126; 1583, p. 125.

1583 Edition, page 148
John of Cunnock

Servant to John Hamilton, archbishop of St Andrews

John of Cunnock brought in Adam Wallace to the assize in Edinburgh to hear the charges against him. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

1583 Edition, page 1296
John of Gaunt

(1340 - 1399) [ODNB]

b. Ghent; duke of Lancaster (1362 - 99); earl of Leicester, Lancaster, Lincoln and Derby (1361 - 99)

3rd surviving son of King Edward III; wielded great influence during the minority of Richard II; father of Henry IV; protector of Wycliffe until 1382

John of Gaunt defended the use of scripture in English. 1563, p. 454.

[Back to Top]
John of Lancaster

(1389 - 1435[ODNB]

Duke of Bedford and earl of Kendal 1414 Soldier; constable of England 1403; regent of France (1422 - 35); chief councillor (1433 - 35) Third son of Henry IV; married (1) Anne of Burgundy, sister of Philip the Good.

He brought the king's letters patent to the French parlement in 1426. 1570, p. 5, 1576, p. 4, 1583, p.4

1583 Edition, page 27
John of Portus

Bishop of Portus; one of three papal legates presiding over the Council of Constantinople in 680

John performed the Latin mass before the patriarch and princes at Constantinople in the church of Hagia Sophia. 1570, p. 167; 1576, p. 126; 1583, p. 125.

1583 Edition, page 148
John Oldcastle

(d. 1417) [ODNB]

Baron Cobham; soldier; Lollard heretic; rebel

Sheriff of Herefordshire (1406-7); under royal writ attended an examination and was convicted of heresy in 1413; escaped from the Tower; began conspiracy to armed revolt; went into hiding; instigated Lollard plots 1416; captured 1417, executed

John Oldcastle (Lord Cobham) was one of those Sir Thomas More in his The Supplication of Purgatory said the souls in purgatory railed against. 1570, p. 1156; 1576, p. 990; 1583, p. 1017.

John Oldcastle was included by Foxe in a list of early Lollards persecuted. 1570, p. 1428; 1576, p. 1217; 1583, p. 1247.

1583 Edition, page 1041 | 1583 Edition, page 1271 | 1583 Edition, page 1281[Back to Top]
John Oliver

Doctor of law; chaplain to Henry VIII [DCL, 1535; Venn]

Oliver was one of the witnesses of Henry VIII's bill banning heretical books. 1563, pp. 1342-43.

Cranmer met with Dr Oliver and other civil lawyers to discuss the pope's authority. 1563, p. 1483, 1570, p. 2058, 1576, p. 1775, 1583, p. 1881.

1583 Edition, page 1905
John Oliver

(d. 1552) [ODNB]

BCL Oxford 1516; BCnL 1522; DCL 1522; civil lawyer; dean of King Henry VIII College, Oxford (1533 - 45); one of Wolsey's commissaries (1527 - 29); master in chancery

John Oliver was present at the condemnation of James Bainham in 1532. 1563, p. 499; 1570, p. 1171; 1576, p. 1002; 1583, p. 1029.

After Edmund Bonner was sentenced to prison and deprived of his bishopric, the king appointed Lord Rich, Henry marquess of Dorset, Thomas Goodrich, Lord Wentworth, Sir Anthony Wingfield, Sir William Herbert, Nicholas Wotton, Edward Montague, Sir John Baker, Judge Hales, John Gosnold, John Oliver and Griffith Leyson to examine his documents. They confirmed the sentence against him. 1563, p. 725; 1570, p. 1519; 1576, pp. 1287-88; 1583, p. 1330.

After Stephen Gardiner's sequestration, Thomas Cranmer, Nicholas Ridley, Thomas Goodrich, Henry Holbeach, Sir William Petre, Sir James Hales, Griffith Leyson, John Oliver and John Gosnold were commissioned to examine him. 1563, p. 776; 1570, p. 1535; 1576, p. 1309; 1583, p. 1358.

1583 Edition, page 1053 | 1583 Edition, page 1354 | 1583 Edition, page 1382
John or Thomas Babington

Warden of the Fleet prison in 1526 [Roger Lee Brown, History of the Fleet Prison (1996)]

The offices of Warden of the Fleet and Keeper of the Prison were held together and hereditary in the Babington family 1461-1558; office held either by John or his son Thomas

Babington was ordered to parade Robert Barnes and the Stilliard men around the fire of books at their penance. He was then commanded to return them to the Fleet. 1563, p. 602; 1570, p. 1365; 1576, p. 1165; 1583, p. 1193.

1583 Edition, page 1217[Back to Top]
John Oswald

(d. 1556)

Husbandman. Martyr. Of Woodmancott, Sussex.

John Oswald was examined and condemned by Edmund Bonner. 1563, p. 1522., 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1807, 1583, p. 1914.

He refused to say anything when questioned, saying that he would only speak when he could see his accusers face-to-face. 1563, p. 1522., 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1807, 1583, p. 1914.

He was burned at Lewes about 6 June 1556. 1563, p. 1522., 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1807, 1583, p. 1914.

Henry Adlington received a letter from John Careless which mentioned the martyrdom of Oswald. 1570, pp. 2110-12, 1576, pp. 1833-34, 1583, pp. 1928-29.

1583 Edition, page 1938 | 1583 Edition, page 1953 | 1583 Edition, page 2048
John Owell

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 with working on holydays and not attending divine service [Fines]

John Owell was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Painter

Of unknown occupation. Of Great Bentley.

John Painter was one of the cosignatories of a supplication against William Mount, his wife and their daughter, Rose, to Lord Darcy of Chiche, who then delivered the supplication to John Kingston. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Information against Ralph Allerton was provided by Thomas Tye, John Painter, William Harris, John Barker, John Carter, Thomas Candler, Jeffrey Bestwood, John Richard, and Richard Mere, all of Great Bentley. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

1583 Edition, page 2029 | 1583 Edition, page 2040
John Painter

Canon of St Paul's, London, in 1547

John Painter, along with other canons and priests of St Paul's, was examined by the king's commissioners. He confessed to having had sexual relations with a married woman. 1570, p. 1501; 1576, p. 1273; 1583, p. 1310.

1583 Edition, page 1334
John Palmer

of St Michael at Queenhythe; presented in 1541 for reasoning in scripture [Fines]

John Palmer was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Parker

Sheriff of Coventry in 1555.

In the letter to his wife, Glover states that he spoke with the sheriff [John Parker or Richard Hawtrey] before he was imprisoned. 1563, pp. 1273-80, 1570, p. 1886-89, 1576, p. 1615-19, 1583, pp. 1710-12.

1583 Edition, page 1735
John Parkhurst

(1512? - 1575)

DD (1566). Bishop of Norwich. (DNB)

Parkhurst was the author of Latin verses in response to John White's Latin verses praising the marriage of Philip and Mary (1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

Foxe refers to his installation after Elizabeth's accession. 1583, p. 2128.

1583 Edition, page 1495 | 1583 Edition, page 2148
John Paterson

Franciscan friar in Scotland 1540

John Paterson sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

1583 Edition, page 1283
John Payne

One of the leaders of the Western Rising in 1549

John Payne is mentioned as one of the Devonshire men's chief captains. 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

1583 Edition, page 1329
John Pecham (Peckham)

(c. 1230 - 1292) [ODNB]

Studied Oxford and Paris; Franciscan friar; opposed Aquinas's position; lector at Oxford; prior of Franciscan province of England 1275

Pope Nicholas III provided him to the see of Canterbury in 1279 over Robert Burnell; archbishop (1279 - 92)

Foxe says that in John Pecham's time priests were allowed to have wives and that their wives and children had the right to inherit property. 1570, p. 1335; 1576, p. 1138; 1583, p. 1167.

1583 Edition, page 1191
John Peckham

Archbishop of Canterbury (1279 - 1292) [DNB]

In Stephen Gardiner's sermon preached before King Edward in 1550, Gardiner referred to a constitution provincial made by John Peckham, Archbishop of Canterbury, that communion should be received in two kinds. 1570, p. 1954, 1576, p. 1681, 1583, p. 1789.

1583 Edition, page 1813[Back to Top]
John Pemberton

Clerk of the parish church of All Saints, Derby.

When John Hurt could not read to her, Joan Waste went to John Pemberton. 1570, p. 2039, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1952.

1583 Edition, page 1976
John Periman

Skinner of London [Fines]

John Periman was charged in London in 1531 with holding heretical opinions. He said the only true preacher was Edward Crome. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1186; 1576, p. 1015; 1583, p. 1043.

William Nelson was charged in London in 1531 with buying books of Luther, Tyndale and Thorpe from John Periman and abjured. 1570, p. 1188; 1576, p. 1017; 1583, p. 1046.

1583 Edition, page 1067 | 1583 Edition, page 1070
John Peter

Son-in-law to Alexander, keeper of Newgate.

John Peter said on many occasions that if things were not true God should let him rot. He died of a disease that caused his body to rot. John Day the printer was witness to this. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

1583 Edition, page 2125
John Philips (Philp)

(d. before 13/5/68) [D. E. R. Watt and N. F. Shead, The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from C12 - C16, Scottish Record Society, vol. 24 (Edinburgh, 2001)]

Monk of Lindores; abbot of Lindores (1523 - 66); resigned on a pension

John Philips sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

Philips sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

1583 Edition, page 1283 | 1583 Edition, page 1299
John Philpot

(1516 - 1555)

Archdeacon of Winchester and martyr. [DNB]

Foxe records Philpot's formative years and character. 1563, p. 1388, 1570, p. 1961, 1576, p. 1688 , 1583, p. 1795.

Philpot was one of the signatories to a letter of 8 May 1554 protesting against the proposed disputation at Cambridge. The letter is printed in 1563, pp. 1001-3; 1570, pp. 1639-41; 1576, pp. 1399-1400; 1583, pp. 1469-71).

Philpot was also one of the authors of a petition to Philip and Mary asking them for an opportunity to defend, in public debate, the Edwardian religious reforms (1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1483).

Philpot's account of the debate over transubstantiation was reprinted by Foxe [cf. John Philpot, The trew report of the dysputacyon had and begonne in the convocacyon hows at London the XXVIII daye of Octobre MDLIIII (Emden, 1554). STC 19890, with 1563, pp. 906-16; 1570, pp. 1571-78; 1576, pp. 1340-47; 1583, pp. 1410-17). In Philpot's version of events, he plays the lead role among the six clerics - the others were Walter Phillips, James Haddon, Richard Cheyney, John Aylmer and Thomas Young - in refuting the catholic arguments.

John Philpot was made archdeacon of Winchester under Ponet. 1563, p. 1388, 1570, p. 1961, 1576, p. 1688, 1583, p. 1795.

Philpot's first examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story, and one of the scribes of the Arches at Newgate Hall, 2 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

In Philpot's first examination, Story claimed that Philpot was guilty of heresy for speaking against the mass. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

Philpot's second examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story and Cook and the scribe on 24 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

During Philpot's second examination, Story demanded that Philpot be taken to Lollard's Tower, after which he was imprisoned in Bonner's coal house. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

Bonner sent Johnson the registrar to speak to Philpot when he was imprisoned in the coal house. 1563, p. 1392, 1570, p. 1964, 1576, p. 1689, 1583, p. 1798.

Thomas Whittle was imprisoned in the coal house with Philpot. Bonner was so violent with Whittle's beard that he plucked much of it away and made his face black and blue. 1563, p. 1392, 1570, p. 1964, 1576, p. 1689, 1583, p. 1798.

Philpot met with Bonner the second night of his imprisonment in the coal house (his third examination). 1563, pp. 1392-93, 1570, pp. 1964-65, 1576, pp. 1691-92, 1583, pp. 1798-99.

Philpot spoke briefly with Cosin, Bonner's chaplain, before returning to his imprisonment in Bonner's coal house. 1563, p. 1393, 1570, p. 1965, 1576, p. 1692, 1583, p. 1799.

Philpot's fourth examination was in John Harpsfield's house before Bonner, Bath, Worcester and Gloucester. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

During Philpot's fourth examination, John Harpsfield brought a book by Irenaeus to Philpot's examiners, who then discussed the Roman church with Philpot. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

Philpot's fifth examination was before Bonner, Rochester, Coventry, St Asaph, as well as Story, Curtop, Saverson, Pendleton and others. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

During his fifth examination, Philpot asked his examiners which of them could answer Calvin's Institutions, to which Saverson replied that the Genevan church had fragmented and that Calvin had fled. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

Philpot's sixth examination was before the lord chamberlain to Queen Mary, Ferrars, Lord Rich, Lord St John, Lord Windsor, Lord Shandoys, Sir John Bridges, Chadsey and Bonner. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

During his sixth examination, Philpot stated that Joan of Kent was a heretic. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Philpot stated that Cheyney and Rochester could testify to what he had said under his examination. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Chamberlain was present during Philpot's sixth examination and questioned him on the real presence. 1563, pp. 1405-1412, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Philpot's seventh examination on 19 November 1555 was before Bonner, Rochester, chancellor of Lichfield, Chadsey and John Dee. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

In Philpot's seventh examination, John Dee is referred to as Master Dee in 1563 and 1570 and then as Doctor Dee in 1576 and 1583. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

Johnson the registrar was present during Philpot's seventh examination. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

Three private conferences took place between Philpot and Bonner. (The first involved his keeper; the second, his fellow prisoners and his keeper; and the third only Bonner and Philpot.) 1563, pp. 1416-19, 1570, pp. 1980-82, 1576, pp. 1706-07, 1583, pp. 1812-14.

Philpot's eighth examination was before Bonner, John Harpsfield, St David's, Mordant and others. 1563, pp. 1419-20, 1570, pp. 1982-83, 1576, pp. 1705-06, 1583, p. 1814.

Johnson the registrar was present at Philpot's eighth examination. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1705-06, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

Philpot's ninth examintion was before Bonner and his chaplains, including Cosin. 1563, pp. 1420-24, 1570, pp. 1983-85, 1576, pp. 1707-09, 1583, pp. 1815-16.

During Philpot's ninth examination, Bonner called for John Harpsfield, who attended the session to examine Philpot, and Chadsey, who had, however, left for Westminster. 1563, pp. 1420-24, 1570, pp. 1983-85, 1576, pp. 1707-09, 1583, pp. 1815-16.

Philpot's tenth examination was before Bonner, Johnson and others. 1563, pp. 1424-25, 1570, pp. 1985-86, 1576, pp. 1709-10, 1583, pp. 1816-17.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

In Philpot's eleventh examination, John Dee is referred to as a 'great conjurer' in 1563 and 1570. The reference is removed in 1576 and 1583. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

The bishop of Coventry and Lichfield spoke with Philpot about the nature of the true church. 1563, p. 1444, 1583, p. 1818.

Philpot's twelfth examination on 4 December 1555 was before Bonner, Worcester and Bangor. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

One of Bonner's chaplains (probably Cosin) was present during Philpot's twelfth examination. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

During Philpot's twelfth examination, Worcester told Philpot that Durham and Chichester would be coming to speak with him. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

Philpot spoke with Worcester, Wright and Chadsey later the same day as his twelfth examination. 1570, pp. 1993-94, 1576, pp. 1717, 1583, p. 1823-24.

Philpot's thirteenth examination was before York, Chichester and others. 1570, p. 1996, 1576, pp. 1717-19, 1583, p. 1824-26.

Later on the day of his thirteenth examination, Philpot spoke with John Harpsfield, Bonner and Chadsey. 1570, pp. 1996-97, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, pp. 1823-24.

The judgement of Philpot took place in the consistory court of St Paul's on 13 and 14 of December, at which Bonner and others were present. 1570, p. 1997, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1826.

The last examination of Philpot was on 16 December 1555 before the bishops of London, Bath, Worcester and Lichfield.. 1563, p. 1441, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

Foxe includes Bonner's exhortation to Philpot. 1563, p. 1443, 1570, p. 1998, 1576, p. 1710, 1583, pp. 1827-28.

A letter was exhibited by Bonner, concerning the handling of Bartlett Green. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, p. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference is made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

Philpot was mentioned in letter sent by John Bradford to Lady Fane. 1570, p. 1824, 1576, p. 1560, 1583, p. 1642.

Lady Fane wrote a letter to Bonner. 1563, p. 1445, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, p. 1724, 1583, pp. 1828-29.

John Hooper sent Philpot and his fellow prisoners, Robert Ferrar, John Bradford and Rowland Taylor, a letter dated 6 May 1554 discussing a proposed disputation in Cambridge in which they would represent the protestants. 1570, p. 1687; 1576, p. 1440; 1583, p. 1513.

Laurence Saunders sent a letter to Philpot and his fellow prisoners, John Bradford, Robert Ferrar and Rowland Taylor. 1570, pp. 1671-72; 1576, p. 1426; 1583, p. 1500.

In a letter William Tyms wrote to 'God's faithful servants', he named his fellow prisoners in the King's Bench as Robert Ferrar, Rowland Taylor, John Philpot, John Bradford and five other Sussex men. 1570, p. 2082, 1576, p. 1795, 1583, p. 1902.

Green wrote a letter to John Philpot which was not delivered. According to Foxe it was either not delivered because Philpot died or because the jailor prevented its delivery. 1563, pp. 1459-60, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, pp. 1852-53.

Stokesley said a Latin prayer before the condemnation of Philpot. 1570, p. 2000, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, pp. 1827, 1829.

Philpot had a talk with his keeper, Alexander, during which Philpot refused to recant. 1570, pp. 2000-01, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, p. 1829.

The mayor (Macham) heard of the treatment of Philpot in prison and ordered Philpot's irons to be removed. 1563, p. 1443, 1570, p. 2001, 1576, p. 1998, 1583, p. 1830.

Wittrence, the steward of the house, carried the manacled Philpot. 1570, p. 2001, 1576, p. 1998, 1583, p. 1830.

Foxe records Philpot's behaviour prior to his death, when the sheriffs came to collect him. 1563, p. 1447, 1570, pp. 2000-01, 1576, p. 1722-23, 1583, p. 1830.

A prayer was said by Philpot at the stake. He was burned on 18 December 1555. 1563, pp. 1448-49, 1570, p. 2002, 1576, p. 1724, 1583, pp. 1830-31.

Letters. 1563, pp. 1444-50, 1570, pp. 2002-14,1576, pp. 1721-35, 1583, pp. 1829-43.

Philpot wrote a letter to John Careless. 1563, pp. 1535-38.

Careless replied to the letter from John Philpot. 1563, pp. 1536-37, 1570, pp. 2103-04,1576, pp. 1814-15, 1583, p. 1921.

Whittle sent a letter to John Careless in prison, in which he says he has heard reports of Philpot's stoutness in going to his death and asking for a copy of Philpot's nine examinations for a friend. 1570, p. 1457, 1570, pp. 2018-19, 1576, pp. 1739-40, 1583, pp. 1847-48.

[Also referred to as 'Fylpot'.]

1583 Edition, page 1434 | 1583 Edition, page 1495 | 1583 Edition, page 1507 | 1583 Edition, page 1524 | 1583 Edition, page 1537 | 1583 Edition, page 1657 | 1583 Edition, page 1819 | 1583 Edition, page 1855 | 1583 Edition, page 1869 | 1583 Edition, page 1871 | 1583 Edition, page 1876 | 1583 Edition, page 1926 | 1583 Edition, page 1945 | 1583 Edition, page 1994 | 1583 Edition, page 1999 | 1583 Edition, page 2008 | 1583 Edition, page 2087
John Philpot

(1515/16 - 1555) [ODNB]

Fellow of New College, Oxford 1535; travelled in Italy; in Hampshire, conflicts with Bishop Gardiner; archdeacon of Winchester (1552 - 54); martyr

Stephen Gardiner said that Philpot had told tales of him, but that Gardiner was never called to answer for them. 1563, p. 756; 1570, p. 1526; 1576, p. 1301; 1583, p. 1351.

1583 Edition, page 1375
John Pindar

Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge

Pindar was one of the accusers of Thomas Dobbe at St John's. 1563, p. 685; 1570, p. 1486; 1576, p. 1260; 1583, p. 1297.

1583 Edition, page 1321[Back to Top]
John Pitly

of St Thomas the Apostle; presented in 1541 with 12 others for showing little reverence at mass

John Pitly was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Plankney

(d. 1565)

Fellow of New College, Oxford (1560). Of Forest Hill, Oxford. (Foster)

John Plankney was scholar to Marshall, who wrote the Book of the Cross. 1570, p. 2303, 1576, p. 1994, 1583, p. 2104.

Plankney was said (mistakenly) to have drowned himself at Rewley in 1556. 1570, p. 2303, 1576, p. 1994, 1583, p. 2104.

He had a crucifix around his neck at the time of his death. 1570, p. 2303, 1576, p. 1994, 1583, p. 2104.

1583 Edition, page 2128
John Pole

of St Osyth; neighbour of Grace Palmer and witness against her

John Rouse, his wife Agnes and John Pole testified that Grace Palmer had spoken heresy. 1570, p. 1187; 1576, p. 1016; 1583, p. 1043.

1583 Edition, page 1067
John Polline

Priest of St Michael's, Cornhill.

John Polline gave communion to Bartlett Green during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 1463, 1570, p. 2025, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1853.

1583 Edition, page 1877
John Ponet

(1514 - 1556)

Bishop of Rochester (1550 - 1551); bishop of Winchester (1551 - 1553). [DNB] Religious exile [Garrett, Marian Exiles (Cambridge, 1938)]

John Ponet's exile was mentioned in Bradford's letter to the university town of Cambridge. 1563, pp. 1178-80, 1570, pp. 1808-09., 1576, p. 1545, 1583, p. 1627.

John Philpot was made archdeacon of Winchester under Ponet. 1563, p. 1388, 1570, p. 1961, 1576, p. 1688, 1583, p. 1795.

1583 Edition, page 1652 | 1583 Edition, page 1819
John Porter

Tailor of Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire and St Sepulchre's; arrested in 1540 for reading the bible aloud in St Paul's; rearrested 1542; starved to death [Fines]

Porter could read well and had an audible voice, and so was in demand for reading the bible in St Paul's. Bonner accused him of interpreting scripture in his reading and had him imprisoned. He was cast in irons and died in prison. 1563, p. 621; 1570, p. 1381; 1576, p. 1178; 1583, p. 1206.

1583 Edition, page 1230
John Prynne

John Prynne was witness to William Glover's godly death. 1570, p. 1892, 1576, p. 1620, 1583, p. 1714.

1583 Edition, page 1739
John Prynne

(d. 1558) [Emden; Fasti]

BCL Oxford 1506; BCnL 1510; DCnL 1522; prebendary of Ketton (1528 - 58); treasurer of Lincoln (1532 - 35); subdean of Lincoln (1535 - 58)

James Algar was brought before John Prynne in 1530, charged with arguing with Dr Aglonby, and abjured. 1570, p. 1120; 1576, p. 959; 1583, pp. 985-86.

Prynne was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1212; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

1583 Edition, page 1009 | 1583 Edition, page 1088[Back to Top]
John Pullen [or Pullain]

(1517 - 65)

Rector of St Peter's Cornhill (1552 - 1553, 1558 - 1560). Went to Geneva (1554 but back in England by 1557; returned to Geneva in 1558.) Archdeacon of Colchester (1559 - 1565). Prebend of Wenlocksbarn (1561 - 1565). (DNB)

In his letter to Bonner, Kingston said that he doubted Sir Robert Smith's real name to be Pullen. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

Morris stated in his confession that Pulleyne (alias Smith), Simon Harlestone and William, a Scot, were all preachers in the reign of Edward VI, and were now residing at the King's Head in Colchester. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

1583 Edition, page 1996
John Pykas

of Colchester. He and his wife were troubled in 1528 [Fines]

John Pykas and his wife, along with others of Essex, abjured. 1563, p. 418; 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
John Ramsey

Of unknown occupation. Of Ipswich.

John Ramsey was imprisoned under Mary. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

He was said by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler not to have taken the sacrament. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

[Not related to Henry Ramsey.]

1583 Edition, page 2114
John Ramsey

Ipswich artisan and protestant pamphleteer [ODNB sub John Ramsey (Bowle)]

John Ramsey witnessed the burning of Peke in Ipswich in 1515. 1570, p. 1292; 1576, p. 1106; 1583, p. 1132.

1583 Edition, page 1156
John Rastell

(c. 1475 - 1536) [ODNB]

Lawyer and printer; married Sir Thomas More's sister; coroner of Coventry (1506 - 08); moved to London, practised law and printed law books and other works, including those of Thomas More; conducted a printed exchange with John Frith in 1530, converted by him; agent to Thomas Cromwell; died in the Tower

John Rastell was one of the chief opponents of John Frith, who converted him. 1563, p. 500; 1570, p. 1176; 1576, p. 1006; 1583, p. 1034.

1583 Edition, page 1058 | 1583 Edition, page 1165
John Raulins

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 with despising holy bread and holy water [Fines]

John Raulins was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Raw

Once servant to James Ashley. Of Ipswich.

John Raw fled Ipswich for fear of persecution. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2113
John Rayburne

of Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire; [Fines]

Affirmed in 1530 that a mouse could eat the consecrated host; took instructions from the Lutheran Thomas Lound

John Rayburne, his sisters, his wife and his father were examined by Bishop Longland. Rayburne was accused by his sisters of ignoring fast days, disparaging pilgrimages and transubstantiation, and favouring services in English. His father accused him of possessing gospels in English and of attending a service in John Taylor's house. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, pp. 984-85.

1583 Edition, page 1008
John Raymund (Hans an Ruremond)

Dutch stationer; probably Christopher van Endhoven's collaborator in producing the first Antwerp New Testament; convicted by the town council in 1525 for producing Lutheran books; sent to the Fleet in 1528 for producing and importing New Testaments; in 1535 operating in London as John Holibusche [Fines]

John Raymund was charged with printing 1500 of Tyndale's New Testaments in Antwerp and importing 500 of them. 1570, p. 1184; 1576, p. 1013; 1583, p. 1040.

1583 Edition, page 1064[Back to Top]
John Read

Of unknown occupation. Of Ipswich.

John Read was said by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler not to have taken the sacrament. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2114
John Redman

(1499 - 1551)

DD (1537). Master of Trinity College, Cambridge (1546 - 1551). Relative of Cuthbert Tunstall. (DNB)

Dr Redman was an enemy of Latimer at Cambridge. 1570, p. 1905, 1576, p. 1632, 1583, pp. 1735-36.

Foxe includes a copy in English and Latin of the letter Latimer received from Dr Redman, who revoked him for the doctrine he taught. Latimer's brief response is also included. 1563, p. 1308, 1570, pp. 1905-06, 1576, p. 1632 [English only], 1583, p. 1736.

Foxe includes Redman's epitaph or funeral verses on the death of Martn Bucer. 1563, p. 1558, 1570, p. 2152 [cross reference to 1563 only], 1576, p. 1859 [cross reference to 1563 only], 1583, p. 1968.

Redman was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

1583 Edition, page 1759 | 1583 Edition, page 1815
John Redman

(1499 - 1551)

DD (1537). Master of Trinity College, Cambridge (1546 - 1551). Relative of Cuthbert Tunstall. (DNB)

Dr Redman was an enemy of Latimer at Cambridge. 1570, p. 1905, 1576, p. 1632, 1583, pp. 1735-36.

Foxe includes a copy in English and Latin of the letter Latimer received from Dr Redman, who revoked him for the doctrine he taught. Latimer's brief response is also included. 1563, p. 1308, 1570, pp. 1905-06, 1576, p. 1632 [English only], 1583, p. 1736.

Foxe includes Redman's epitaph or funeral verses on the death of Martn Bucer. 1563, p. 1558, 1570, p. 2152 [cross reference to 1563 only], 1576, p. 1859 [cross reference to 1563 only], 1583, p. 1968.

Redman was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

1583 Edition, page 1984 | 1583 Edition, page 1992 | 1583 Edition, page 2063
John Redman

(1499 - 1551) [ODNB]

Theologian; BA Cambridge 1526; MA Paris 1528; BTh Cambridge 1534; DTh 1537

Royal chaplain; archdeacon of Stafford 1540; archdeacon of Taunton by 1542; warden of King's Hall,Cambridge 1542; Master of Trinity College 1546

John Redman preached at the funeral of Martin Bucer. 1570, p. 1439; 1576, pp. 1227-28; 1583, p. 1257.

John Redman was a witness in the trial of Stephen Gardiner. 1563, pp. 852-54;=.

On his deathbed, John Redman discussed matters of religion with Richard Wilkes, Alexander Nowell, John Young and others. 1563, pp. 867-70; 1570, pp. 1537-39; 1576, pp. 1310-12; 1583, pp. 1360-62.

After Redman's death, John Young sent a testimonial letter to John Cheke, praising Redman and his thoughts on religion. 1563, pp. 870-74; 1570, pp. 1539-41; 1576, pp. 1312-14; 1583, pp. 1362-64.

1583 Edition, page 1281 | 1583 Edition, page 1384
John Richard

Of Great Bentley.

John Richard was one of the cosignatories of a supplication against William Mount, his wife and their daughter, Rose, to Lord Darcy of Chiche, who then delivered the supplication to John Kingston. 1563, p. 1604, 1570, p. 2198, 1576, p. 1897, 1583, p. 2005.

Information against Ralph Allerton was provided by Thomas Tye, John Painter, William Harris, John Barker, John Carter, Thomas Candler, Jeffrey Bestwood, John Richard, and Richard Mere, all of Great Bentley. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

1583 Edition, page 2029 | 1583 Edition, page 2040[Back to Top]
John Richardson

John Richardson was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979
John Riche

of Wittersham, Kent

John Riche abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
John Richmond

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged with his wife in 1541 with despising holy bread and holy water

John Richmond was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Ridley

Of Waltown. Nicholas Ridley's brother.

Ridley's 'friendly farewell' sent greetings to him. 1563, pp. 1379-81, 1570, pp. 1939-43, 1576, pp. 1622-28, 1583, pp. 1770-76.

1583 Edition, page 1795
John Ridly

Witness against James Bainham in 1532

At James Bainham's last examination, John Ridly testified against him. 1563, p. 499; 1570, p. 1171; 1576, p. 1001; 1583, p. 1029.

1583 Edition, page 1053[Back to Top]
John Roberts

Justice of Cranbrook. MP for Steyning (1554) (Bindoff)

Alice Benden was brought before Roberts of Cranbrook on 14 October 1556 for not attending church. 1570, p. 2167, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1980.

Alice Potkins was imprisoned by Master Roberts. 1563, p. 1547, 1570, p. 2140, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1954.

1583 Edition, page 1978
John Roberts

(1531 - 1573)

Justice of Cranbrook. MP for Steyning (1554) (Bindoff)

Alice Benden was brought before Roberts of Cranbrook on 14 October 1556 for not attending church. 1570, p. 2167, 1576, p. 1872, 1583, p. 1980.

Alice Potkins was imprisoned by Master Roberts. 1563, p. 1547, 1570, p. 2140, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1954.

1583 Edition, page 2004
John Robinson

Of Lichfield.

John Robinson was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979
John Robinson

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged with 7 others in 1541 for insulting the sacraments and ceremonies of the church [Fines]

John Robinson was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Robinson

(fl. 1517 - 18) [ODNB sub Thomas Cromwell]

Alderman of Boston; close acquaintance of Thomas Cromwell; asked Cromwell to travel to Rome with Geoffrey Chambers on behalf of Boston's guild of Our Lady to obtain plenary indulgences from Pope Leo X

Geoffrey Chambers feared he was inadequate to carry out his commission from Boston, so he and John Robinson persuaded Thomas Cromwell to accompany him. 1570, p. 1346; 1576, p. 1149; 1583, p. 1178.

1583 Edition, page 1202[Back to Top]
John Rockwood

John Rockwood died horribly, uttering the words 'All too late,' which were the same words he had uttered when persecuting people in Calais during Henry VIII's reign.

1583 Edition, page 2125
John Rogers

(1500? - 1555) (DNB)

Martyr.

Foxe describes Rogers' life and career. 1563, pp. 1022-23; 1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1484.

John Rogers preached a sermon at Paul's Cross on 6 August 1553 denouncing 'popery', for which he was placed under arrest. 1563, p. 1023; 1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1484. [NB: This contradicts the next two entries].

On 13 August 1553 Gilbert Bourne (Marian bishop of Bath and Wells) preached a sermon at Paul's Cross, praising Bonner and criticising Edward VI. This sermon incited a fanatic to throw a dagger at him and enraged the mob. John Rogers and John Bradford escorted Bourne to safety (1563, p. 905; 1570, p. 1570; 1576, p. 1339; and 1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]. The story is in Rerum, pp. 464-65, but Rogers is not mentioned in that version).

On 16 August 1553, Rogers was placed under house arrest by the privy council (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]).

He was committed to Newgate on 26 January 1554 (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

Ridley reported to Cranmer, in a letter written in the aftermath of the Oxford disputations in April 1554, that Crome, Rogers and Bradford would be taken to Cambridge for a disputation on similar lines to that held in Oxford (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1464).

It was rumoured in May 1554 that Rogers, together with Bradford and Saunders, would take part in a disputation to be held in Cambridge (1570, p. 1639; 1576, p. 1399; 1583, p. 1469).

Rogers was one of the signatories to a letter of 8 May 1554 protesting against the proposed disputation. The letter is printed in 1563, pp. 1001-3; 1570, pp. 1639-41; 1576, pp. 1399-1400; 1583, pp. 1469-71).

He was summoned before Stephen Gardiner at St Mary Overies on 28 January 1555 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

Rogers' examination took place on 29 January 1555. [BL Harley 421, fos.40r-41r. Not printed in Acts and Monuments or Letters of the Martyrs but mentioned in 1563, p. 1029 et seq.]

Bradford's second examination took place on 29 January 1555, directly after the excommunication of John Rogers. 1563, pp. 1188-92, 1570, p. 1784, 1576, p. 1524, 1583, p. 1607.

He was excommunicated and condemned to death by Stephen Gardiner on 29 January 1555 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

His examination and condemnation: 1563, pp. 1026-31; 1570, pp. 1656-62; 1576, pp. 1414-19; 1583, pp. 1484-89. He was examined and condemned with John Hooper on. 1563, p. 1056; 1570, p. 1680; 1576, pp. 1433-34; 1583, p. 1507.

Rogers was degraded, with John Hooper, on 4 February 1555. 1563, pp. 1057-58; 1570, p. 1681; 1576, pp. 1434-35; 1583, p. 1508.

Rogers' martyrdom is described. 1563, pp. 1036-37; 1570, pp. 1663-64; 1576, pp. 1419-20; 1583, pp. 1492-93.

When examined by Bonner, John Leafe (who was burned with John Bradford) denied transubstantiation and admitted to being a scholar of John Rogers, and that he believed in the doctrine of Rogers, Hooper and Cardmaker. 1563, p. 1214, 1570, p. 1804, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

In a letter to his mother and others, John Bradford asked that Rogers be remembered. 1570, pp. 1805-06,1576, pp. 1541-42, 1583, p. 1624.

John Rogers' martyrdom was referred to in Bradford's letter to the university town of Cambridge. 1563, pp. 1178-80, 1570, pp. 1808-09., 1576, p. 1545, 1583, p. 1627.

Grindal wrote to Ridley from his exile in Frankfort, to which letter Ridley replied. Ridley mentioned that he knew that Ferrar, Hooper, Rogers, Taylor of Hadleigh, Saunders and Tomkins had all been martyred, as had Cardmaker the day before he wrote this letter. 1570, pp. 1901-02, 1576, pp. 1628-30, 1583, pp. 1729-30.

His other writings: (1563, pp. 1031-36; 1570, p. 1663; 1576, p. 1419; 1583, pp. 1489-92).

Rogers was involved in the debate over the clerical wearing of caps. 1563, p. 1732.

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John Rogers

(1500? - 1555) [ODNB]

BA Cambridge 1526; went to Antwerp 1534 and became chaplain to the merchants in the English House; met Tyndale; rescued Tyndale's work when Tyndale was arrested; had the 'Matthew' Bible printed at Antwerp in 1537; studied at Wittenberg; pastor at Meldof; returned to England in 1548; martyr

John Rogers corrected the proofs of the 'Matthew' Bible, finished translating the Apocrypha and added marginal notes. 1570, p. 1363; 1576, p. 1163; 1583, p. 1191.

1583 Edition, page 1215[Back to Top]
John Rokewood

Calais spear; bailiff of Marke and Oye; sergeant-at-arms [Lisle Letters]

Influenced by Sir Thomas Palmer and John Rokewood, Lady Lisle encouraged her husband to turn against the protestants in Calais. 1563, p. 658; 1570, p. 1401; 1576, p. 1195; 1583, p. 1224.

Sir Thomas Palmer and John Rokewood wrote letters to the privy council against heresy being preached in Calais. 1563, pp. 660-61; 1570, p. 1401; 1576, p. 1195; 1583, p. 1224.

John Rokewood was one of the Calais councillors who persecuted the protestants there. All of those councillors eventually were imprisoned or died miserably. Rokewood died raging and crying that he was damned, repenting his role in the persecutions. 1563, p. 668; 1570, p. 1406; 1576, p. 1199; 1583, p. 1228.

1583 Edition, page 1248 | 1583 Edition, page 1252
John Roo

Serjeant-at-law committed to the Fleet in 1527 for a masque he had produced at Gray's Inn; Thomas Wolsey thought it contained a veiled attack on him [Peter Gwyn, The King's Cardinal: the rise and fall of Thomas Wolsey (London, 1990)]

No one dared play the part of Cardinal Wolsey in John Roo's play except Simon Fish. 1570, p. 448; 1570, p. 1152; 1576, p. 986; 1583, p. 1014.

1583 Edition, page 1038
John Rosogan

One of the leaders of the Western Rising in 1549

John Rosogan is mentioned as one of the Devonshire men's chief captains. 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

1583 Edition, page 1329
John Rote

Vicar of St Giles in Northampton.

At John Kurde's execution, John Rote told him that he was authorised to grant Kurde's pardon if he would recant. Kurde refused. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

1583 Edition, page 2045[Back to Top]
John Rough

(d. 1557)

Minister. Martyr. Born in Scotland. Of Stirling. (DNB)

John Rough was originally a Black Friar in Stirling for sixteen years until the time when Lord Hamilton (earl of Arran) sued the archbishop of St Andrews. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

Rough was in the service of Hamilton for just one year. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

Rough was sent to preach in Ayr for four years. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

After the death of the David Beaton, he went to St Andrews. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

He was assigned a pension of £20 by Henry VIII. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

After the battle of Musselborough he went to Carlisle, then on to the duke of Somerset. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

He was sent as preacher to Carlisle, Berwick and Newcastle. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

He married in Newcastle. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

Rough was called by the archbishop of York to the benefice of Hull, where he remained until the death of Edward VI. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

He fled to Norden in Friesland upon the accession of Mary. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

He came to London on 10 November 1557. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

Foxe relates John Rough's sermon about and conversation with Dr Watson in which Rough berated Watson for his doctrinal beliefs. 1563, p. 1734.

Rough was betrayed by Roger Sergeant, a tailor. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2226, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

Rough was arrested by the vice-chamberlain of the queen's house at the Saracen's Head in Islington with Cuthbert Symson and Hugh Foxe on 12 December 1557. They had pretended to be there to hear a play but were actually reading their communion books. 1563, p. 1653, 1570, p. 2231, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2034.

On 15 December 1557 a letter was sent by the archbishop of York, the earl of Shrewsbury, Edward Hastings, Anthony Montague, John Bourne and Henry Jerningham (members of the privy council) to Bishop Bonner along with the examinations of John Rough. They sent Rough to Newgate. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2226, 1576, pp. 1921-22., 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

Articles were brought against him and he answered. 1563, pp. 1647-48, 1570, pp. 2226-27, 1576, pp. 1922-23, 1583, pp. 2029-30.

Rough attended the burning of Austoo at Smithfield. On his way home he met with Master Farrar, a merchant of Halifax, who asked him where he had been. 1563, p. 1648, 1570, p. 2227, 1576, p. 1923, 1583, p. 2034.

Rough was burned at London on 22 December 1557. 1563, p. 1735, 1570, p. 2227, 1576, p. 1923, 1583, p. 2030.

He wrote a letter to his godly friends. 1570, p. 2227, 1576, p. 1923, 1583, p. 2030.

He wrote a letter to the congregation two days before he burned. 1583, pp. 2030-31.

1583 Edition, page 2052 | 1583 Edition, page 2055 | 1583 Edition, page 2098 | 1583 Edition, page 2168
John Roul

Prior of Augustinian Pittenweem (May) Priory, East Neuk of Fife (1525 - 53) [The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from C12 - C16, D. E. R. Watt and N. F. Shead (eds.), Scottish Record Society vol. 24 (Edinburgh, 2001)]

John Roul was one of those who passed the sentence definitive on Patrick Hamilton in 1528. 1570, p. 1109; 1576, p. 948; 1583, p. 975.

Roul sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

1583 Edition, page 999 | 1583 Edition, page 1283
John Rouse

of St Osyth; neighbour of Grace Palmer and witness against her

John Rouse, his wife Agnes and John Pole testified that Grace Palmer had spoken heresy. 1570, p. 1187; 1576, p. 1016; 1583, p. 1043.

1583 Edition, page 1067
John Routh

(1530? - 1556)

Labourer. Martyr. Of Wickes, Essex.

John Routh was convented before the earl of Oxford. He was sent to Colchester castle by Lord Rich and then on to Bonner. 1563, p. 1526, 1570, p. 2096., 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1916.

On 6 June 1556 Darbyshire, Bonner's chancellor, read articles against him (essentially the same as those against Thomas Whittle), which he answered. 1563, pp. 1523-24, 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, pp. 1914-16.

Routh signed a letter written with his fellow sufferers that berated Feckenham for preaching against them on 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

He was imprisoned at Newgate and burned at Stratford-le-Bow on 27 June 1556. 1563, p. 1525, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1916.

1583 Edition, page 1938
John Row

Frenchman living in London; bookbinder [Fines]

John Row was forced to burn his books in 1531. 1570, p. 1188; 1576, p. 1017; 1583, p. 1045.

1583 Edition, page 1069
John Royston

(d. 1551) [Fasti]

DTh; chaplain to Stokesley, bishop of London; prebendary of Pancratius, St Paul's (1529 - 51)

Humphrey Monmouth claimed to have given Royston forty or fifty pounds. 1570, p. 1133; 1576, p. 970; 1583, p. 997.

John Royston was present at St Paul's when the king's commissioners came to administer the oath to Bishop Bonner. 1570, p. 1501; 1576, p. 1272; 1583, p. 1309.

1583 Edition, page 1021 | 1583 Edition, page 1333
John Rudd

(d. 1578)

BD (1531). Chaplain to Edward VI. Prebend of Durham (1550 - 1553, deprived). Prebend of Windsor (1551 - 1553, deprived). Restored to Durham (1559 - 1578). (Venn)

Latimer's adversaries are listed: bishop of Ely (preached against him in King's College), Dr Watson (Master of Christ's College), Dr Norton (Master of Clare), Dr Philo (Master of Michael House), Dr Metcalfe (Master of St John), Dr Blith (of the King's Hall), Dr Bullock (Master of Queen's College), Dr Cliffe (of Clement House), Dr Donnes (of Jesus College), Dr Palmes (Master of St Nicholas hostel), Bayne, Rud and Greenwood of St John's, Brikenden of St John's also, and said to have been a scholar of Latimer's. 1570, p. 1904, 1576, p. 1631, 1583, p. 1735.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

1583 Edition, page 1759
John Rudd

(d. 1578)

BD (1531). Chaplain to Edward VI. Prebend of Durham (1550 - 1553, deprived). Prebend of Windsor (1551 - 1553, deprived). Restored to Durham (1559 - 1578). (Venn)

Latimer's adversaries are listed: bishop of Ely (preached against him in King's College), Dr Watson (Master of Christ's College), Dr Norton (Master of Clare), Dr Philo (Master of Michael House), Dr Metcalfe (Master of St John), Dr Blith (of the King's Hall), Dr Bullock (Master of Queen's College), Dr Cliffe (of Clement House), Dr Donnes (of Jesus College), Dr Palmes (Master of St Nicholas hostel), Bayne, Rud and Greenwood of St John's, Brikenden of St John's also, and said to have been a scholar of Latimer's. 1570, p. 1904, 1576, p. 1631, 1583, p. 1735.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

1583 Edition, page 1984
John Rudd (Rode)

(c. 1498 - 1579) [ODNB]

Clergyman and cartographer; BA, MA Cambridge by 1520; BTh 1530; anti-reformist initially; royal chaplain under Edward; married; confessed his fault under Mary; received his wife back under Elizabeth

John Rudd was present at the last examination of James Bainham. 1563, p. 499; 1570, p. 1171; 1576, p. 1001; 1583, p. 1029.

Rudd witnessed Anne Askew's confession in 1545. 1563, p. 673; 1570, p. 1416; 1576, p. 1207; 1583, p. 1237.

1583 Edition, page 1053 | 1583 Edition, page 1261[Back to Top]
John Russell

(1485? - 1555)

1st earl of Bedford. Lord Privy Seal (1542 - 1555). [DNB

John Russell attended Thomas Watson's Paul's Cross sermon of 20 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

He accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Lord Russell received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, p. 1816, 1576, p. 1552, 1583, p. 1634.

When Cranmer appeared with the king's ring in council, the earl of Bedford said he had warned against the council's actions. 1570, p. 2041, 1576, p. 1760, 1583, p. 1866. [John Russell was not yet earl of Bedford, but this is the title by which Foxe knew him.]

1583 Edition, page 1489 | 1583 Edition, page 1658 | 1583 Edition, page 1818 | 1583 Edition, page 1890
John Russell

(c. 1485 - 1555) [ODNB]

Courtier, diplomat. MP Buckinghamshire 1529; JP Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonsshire, Northamptonshire 1533; MP Devon, Cornwall, Dorset, Somerset 1539

Henry VIII's controller of the royal household 1536; lord privy seal (1542 - 55); lord high admiral 1540

Baron Russell 1539; earl of Bedford (1550 - 55)

John Russell had been saved from danger while abroad by Thomas Cromwell and later commended him to the king. 1570, p. 1348; 1576, p. 1150; 1583, p. 1179.

John Russell was a signatory to a letter to the king's commissioners relating Bishop Bonner's recantation of his protestation. 1570, p. 1502; 1576, p. 1273; 1583, p. 1310.

John Russell was one of the signatories of the letter of the council addressed to Thomas Cranmer ordering the abolishing of images in all churches in the archdiocese. 1563, p. 692; 1570, p. 1490; 1576, p. 1263; 1583, p. 1300.

He was a signatory to a letter from the council to the bishops, instructing them to administer communion in two kinds. 1570, p. 1491; 1576, p. 1264; 1583, p. 1301.

He was a signatory to a letter of commission against Stephen Gardiner. 1563, p. 777.

Sir John was appointed lieutenant-general of the king's troops in the west at the time of the Western Rising. Although outnumbered, his forces defeated the rebels and captured their leaders. 1570, pp. 1499-1500; 1576, pp. 1271-72; 1583, pp. 1307-08.

George Blage had been condemned to be burnt for heresy. John Russell made suit to the king on Blage's behalf and he was pardoned. 1570, p. 1427; 1576, p. 1216; 1583, p. 1246.

John Russell was present at Anne Askew's burning. 1570, p. 1419; 1576, p. 1211; 1583, p. 1240.

He was a signatory to a letter from the king and privy council to Nicholas Ridley, directing him to remove and destroy all altars within the churches of his diocese and install communion tables. 1563, p. 727; 1570, pp. 1519-20; 1576, p. 1288; 1583, p. 1331.

Edward Seymour, John Russell, John Dudley and Sir William Petre visited Stephen Gardiner in the Tower at various times to attempt to get him to accept the king's reforms. 1563, pp. 766; 1570, p. 1532; 1576, p. 1306; 1583, p. 1356.

Edward Seymour wrote to John Russell, describing the conspiracy against him and asking him to bring forces to Windsor. John Russell replied, hoping for a reconciliation between the Lord Protector and his adversaries. 1570, pp. 1545-46; 1576, pp. 1317-18; 1583, pp. 1367-68.

Russell was a deponent in the case of Stephen Gardiner. 1563, pp. 814, 824-25.

John Russell was a witness in 1551 to the sentence against Stephen Gardiner and his appellation. 1563, p. 867.

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John Salisbury

Benedictine monk of Bury St Edmund's; went to Oxford, where he was imprisoned 1528-29 [Fines]

Those suspected of heresy at Oxford at the time of the trial of Thomas Garrard and Anthony Dalaber included John Clerk, Henry Sumner, William Bettes, John Taverner, Radley, Nicholas Udall, John Diet, William Eden, John Langport, John Salisbury and Robert Ferrar. 1563, p. 610; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

1583 Edition, page 1221
John Saxby

Prisoner in Newgate. Of unknown origin.

John Saxby wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

1583 Edition, page 1998
John Scory

(d. 1585)

Bishop of Rochester (1551 - 1552). Bishop of Chichester (1552 - 1553) and of Hereford (1559 - 1585) [DNB]

John Scory's exile is mentioned in Bradford's letter to the university town of Cambridge. 1563, pp. 1178-80, 1570, pp. 1808-09., 1576, p. 1545, 1583, p. 1627.

Scory, bishop of Rochester, visited Cranmer. He took a copy of Cranmer's writings about the rumour that he had said the mass (when Thornden had in fact said it) and had it published. Cranmer was commanded to appear before the council and bring an inventory of his goods. 1563, p. 1479, 1570, p. 2046, 1576, p. 1764, 1583, p. 1871.

Elizabeth Young said that Scory had taught her doctrine. 1570, p. 2271, 1576, p. 1960, 1583, p. 2067.

John Scory was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

Foxe refers to his installation as bishop of Hereford after Elizabeth's accession. 1583, p. 2128.

1583 Edition, page 1652 | 1583 Edition, page 1753 | 1583 Edition, page 1780 | 1583 Edition, page 1895 | 1583 Edition, page 2091 | 1583 Edition, page 2142 | 1583 Edition, page 2148[Back to Top]
John Scot

Franciscan friar

At George Wishart's examination at St Andrews, John Scot urged John Lauder to continue reading the articles to him to prevent him giving lengthy replies. 1563, p. 652; 1570, p. 1447; 1576, p. 1234; 1583, p. 1270.

John Scot and another Franciscan went to Wishart in the castle prison after his condemnation and insisted he make his confession to them. He refused, asking to confess to John Winram instead. 1563, p. 653; 1570, p. 1447; 1576, p. 1234; 1583, p. 1271.

1583 Edition, page 1294
John Scute

Apprentice of the law

John Scute and Edmund Jenny acted as attorneys for Thomas Wolsey in answering the charge of praemunire against him. 1570, p. 1130; 1576, p. 968; 1583, p. 994.

1583 Edition, page 1018
John Seal

Protestant sympathiser. Of Horting.

Thomas Brice was in the house of John Seal, in Horting, when the bailiff and others, at the commandment of Sir John Baker, were sent to search for him. They knew his stature and the colour of his garments yet somehow did not recognise him and so he escaped. 1570, p. 2287, 1576, p. 1974 [incorrectly numbered as 1938], 1583, p. 2081.

1583 Edition, page 2106
John Segar

Shoemaker of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 with despising auricular confession [Fines]

John Segar was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Semarke

Sheriff of Canterbury (1555).

Agnes Snottle was committed to the sheriff of Canterbury. 1563, p. 1469, 1570, p. 2031, 1576, p. 1751, 1583, p. 1858.

[Probably the same John Semarke who was sheriff of Kent 1569 - 1570 (E. Hasted, A History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, 1972, XII, p. 606.)]

1583 Edition, page 1883[Back to Top]
John Sempe

of St Mary at Hill; presented in 1541 with John Goffe for despising an anthem of Our Lady [Fines]

John Sempe was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1176; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Seton

(1498? - 1567)

Chaplain to Bishop Gardiner [DNB; Venn]

John Seton was one of the official disputants in the Oxford disputations of 1554 (1563, pp. 932, 936-38, 967, 983 and 984; 1570, pp. 1591-93, 1615, 1625 and 1630; 1576, pp. 1358-59, 1378, 1387 and 1391; 1583, pp. 1428-30, 1448, 1457 and 1461).

[NB: A brief account of the Oxford disputations of 1554, printed only in 1563, mentions Seton debating with Cranmer 1563, p. 933)].

John Seton spoke with John Bradford in the early hours of the morning after Bradford's second examination. He told him of the behaviour of Latimer and Ridley, but Bradford told him that he would do nothing that could offend the people, and that John Harpsfield therefore wished to confer with the bishop of Durham. Seton called Bradford 'arrogant, proud, vaynglorious, and [that he] spake lyke a Prelate'. Bradford warned him not to judge him lest he be judged, but Seton insisted that the lord chancellor could be charitable. 1563, p. 1191, 1570, p. 1787, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1609.

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John Seward

of Dedham, Essex [Fines]

John Seward overthrew a cross in Stoke park and threw two images fro the church into water c. 1532 1563, p. 496; 1570, p. 1173; 1576, p. 1003; 1583, p. 1031.

1583 Edition, page 1055
John Shepard

of Calais [Fines]

After an exhaustive inquisition for heretics, John Shepard was one of those brought before the commissioners in Calais in 1540, charged and imprisoned. 1563, p. 665; 1570, p. 1404; 1576, p. 1197; 1583, p. 1227.

1583 Edition, page 1251
John Sherburne

(fl. 1554 - 1572)

Chaplain to the 3rd earl of Derby, rector of Grappenhall and holder of numerous other Lancashire livings

John Sherburne interrogated George Marsh at Lathom House; during the interrogation Sherburne denounced the Edwardian communion as devilish. 1570, p. 1732; 1576, p. 1479; 1583, p. 1562.

He examined Marsh again, more informally, with Robert Brassey, the vicar of Prescot. 1570, p. 1733; 1576, p. 1480; 1583, p. 1563.

Together with Robert Brassey, Sherburne presented Marsh with four articles to subscribe to and exhorted him to recant. 1570, p. 1733; 1576, p. 1480; 1583, p. 1563.

Together with More, he examined George Marsh around Easter 1554 and tried to persuade him to recant. 1570, pp. 1733-34; 1576, p. 1480; 1583, p. 1563.

[NB: In 1572, Sherburne would be accused of associating with recusants, denouncing the Church of England and teaching salvation by good works; see Christopher Haigh, Reform and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire (Cambridge, 1975), p. 217].

1583 Edition, page 1586
John Shiler

of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged in 1541 with despising holy bread and holy water [Fines]

John Shiler was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228[Back to Top]
John Shoemaker

Of unknown occupation. Of Ipswich.

John Shoemaker fled Ipswich for fear of persecution. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2114
John Simonds

of London [Fines]

Attended Richard Field's meeting at Speen; himself held a meeting there, when he read from the gospel; arrested by the bishop of Winchester's officials but broke out of the window

John Simonds read from the gospel for two hours at a meeting at John Taylor's house at Speen. He was accused of denying purgatory and favouring the marriage of priests. He confessed to converting priests and encouraging friars to leave their orders. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

1583 Edition, page 1009
John Simson

(c. 1521 - 1555)

Husbandman and martyr. Fellow prisoner of Robert Smith.

John Simson was accused of heresy and, together with John Ardeley, was brought to London to be tried by Bishop Bonner. 1563, p. 1169; 1570, p. 1754; 1576, p. 1498; 1583, p. 1582.

Simson sent Anne Smith money. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

1583 Edition, page 1606 | 1583 Edition, page 1725
John Sinclair

(c. 1510 - 1566) [ODNB]

Lawyer and jurist; dean of Restalrig (1542 - 66); despite resigning benefice in curia in favour of James Lauder in April 1547, retained for the rest of his life

John Kerr was brought before the assize in Edinburgh and convicted of improperly divorcing a married couple. He had done this in the name of the dean of Restalrig and other judges, but without their authority. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

John Sinclair twice visited Adam Wallace in prison after his condemnation. He tried unsuccessfully to get Wallace to accept transubstantiation. Wallace, however, said he received consolation from him. 1570, p. 1450; 1576, p. 1236; 1583, p. 1273.

1583 Edition, page 1296[Back to Top]
John Skip

(d. 1552)

Bishop of Hereford (1539 - 1552). Chaplain and Almoner to Anne Boleyn. [DNB]

After Cromwell was apprehended, Bishops Heath and Skip forsook Cranmer and stood against him. 1570, p. 2040, 1576, p. 1759, 1583, pp. 1865-66.

1583 Edition, page 1890
John Skip

(d. 1552) [ODNB]

Archdeacon of Suffolk (1536 - 39); archdeacon of Dorset (1538 - 39); bishop of Hereford (1539 - 52)

[Foxe names him as William Skip.]

John Skip was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1212; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

John Marbeck's fourth examination was conducted by John Capon, John Skip, Thomas Goodrich, Robert Oking and William May. 1570, pp. 1393-94; 1576, pp. 1188-89; 1583, pp. 1216-17.

1583 Edition, page 1088 | 1583 Edition, page 1240
John Slade

(d. 1558)

Martyr.

Articles against John Slade were administered by Thomas Darbyshire on 22 June 1558. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2241, 1576, p. 1935, 1583, p. 2039.

Slade gave answers to the articles. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2241, 1576, p. 1935, 1583, p. 2039.

He appeared before Darbyshire on 11 July 1558. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2241, 1576, p. 1935, 1583, p. 2039.

Sentence was read by Darbyshire in the presence of Edward Hastings and Thomas Cornwallis. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2241, 1576, p. 1935, 1583, p. 2039.

Slade was burned at Brentford on 14 July 1558. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2241, 1576, p. 1935, 1583, p. 2039.

1583 Edition, page 2066
John Small

Servant to James Trevisam. Of St Margaret Lothbury, London.

In 155, Small was discovered reading from an English Bible to his master and others in James Trevisam's house. He and the others, apart from the gravely ill Trevisam, were arrested and sent to Newgate. 1570, p. 1813, 1576, p. 1576, 1583, p. 1665.

1583 Edition, page 1689[Back to Top]
John Smith

of Birbrook, Essex.

John Smith and his wife, along with others of Birbrook, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
John Smith

Apprentice of St Mildred's Breadstreet parish; charged in 1541 with saying that he would rather hear dogs than priests [Fines]

John Smith was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Smith

of Ridgewell, Essex; accused with his 2 brothers, mother and 2 sisters in 1525 [Fines sub Agnes Smith]

John Smith, his mother, brothers and sisters, with many from Essex, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
John Smith

John Smith was one of three priests who denounced Alexander Seton in London in 1541. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1177; 1583, p. 1205.

1583 Edition, page 1229
John Sneudnam

of S Botolph's, Billingsgate; one of 9 presented in 1541 for not being confessed in Lent or receiving at Easter

John Sneudnam was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1376; 1576, p. 1174; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227[Back to Top]
John Soleman

One of the leaders of the Western Rising in 1549

John Soleman is mentioned as one of the Devonshire men's chief captains. 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

He was captured and executed with other rebel leaders in 1549. 1570, p. 1499; 1576, p. 1271; 1583, p. 1308.

1583 Edition, page 1329
John Spencer

(d. 1556)

Weaver. Martyr. Of Colchester.

John Spencer was delivered to John Kingstone, bachelor of civil law, and then commissory to Gardiner, by the earl of Oxford on 28 March 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1803, 1583, p. 1909.

Articles were brought against Spencer and he gave answers. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, pp. 2089-90, 1576, pp. 1802-03, 1583, p. 1909.

He was burned at Colchester on 28 April 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1802, 1583, p. 1909.

1583 Edition, page 1933
John Spens

Lawyer of St Andrews; commissary of St Andrews 1530; official of St Andrews (1533(?), 1534 - 39) [Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ]

John Spens was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

1583 Edition, page 998 | 1583 Edition, page 1006
John Spicer

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Bricklayer. Of Winston, Suffolk.

John Spicer went with Maundrel and Coberley to the parish church of Keevil and urged the parishoners, in particular Robert Barksdale, not to worship the host. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894. [Note that in 1563 Foxe did not know what they were examined and condemned for.]

Spicer agreed with Maundrel when Maundrel called out to the priest at Keevil that purgatory was nothing more than the pope's blindfold. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Spicer was held in the stocks until the service was over, handed to a justice and then transported to Salisbury to appear before John Capon, bishop of Salisbury and William Geffre, the chancellor. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He was examined by William Geffre. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, pp. 1734, 1788, 1583, pp. 1894, 2144.

On 23 March 1556 John Spicer appealed to John St John not to become guilty of the butchery of innocent men such as Spicer, Maundrel and Coberley. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Foxe records Spicer's words at the stake. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Master Beckingham attached gunpowder (given to him by Spicer's son) to John Spicer at the stake. He and the sheriff bade Spicer to be brave. 1563, p. 1734, 1583, p. 2145.

Spicer was burned at Salisbury on 24 March 1556 with William Coberley and John Maundrel. 1563, p. 1504, 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

[He is called Robert Spicer in 1563, p. 1504., 1570, p. 2072, 1576, p. 1787.]

1583 Edition, page 1918 | 1583 Edition, page 2167
John St John

(1505 - 1576)

Sheriff of Wiltshire (1555 - 1556). [List of Sherrifs from earliest times to AD 1831 compiled from documents in Public Records Office, London, HMSO, 1898] Probably the man who was JP for Wiltshire in 1555 [SP11/5, no. 6; Bindoff, Commons]

William Geffre was assisted in the questioning of John Maundrel, John Spicer and William Coberley by the sheriff, John St John, and the priests of Fisherton Anger. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

On 23 March 1556 John Spicer appealed to St John not to be guilty of the butchery of innocent men such as Spicer, Maundrel and Coberley. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

St John offered John Maundrel the queen's pardon if he would recant. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

1583 Edition, page 1918
John Stacy

Bricklayer of Colman Street; warden of bricklayers and tilers [Fines}

John Stacy helped to convert many. He and Lawrence Maxwell travelled around visiting the converted. Robert Barnes, Lawrence Maxwell and John Stacy visited Bury Abbey and during the course of their visit converted Richard Bayfield. After Bayfield was released from the abbey prison, he went to Cambridge with Barnes and, when Barnes was arrested, to London, where Maxwell and Stacy kept him secretly and helped him leave the country. 1563, p. 484; 1570, p. 1161; 1576, p. 993; 1583, p. 1021.

John Stacy was charged in London in 1530 with holding heretical opinions. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1185; 1576, p. 1014; 1583, p. 1041.

1583 Edition, page 1045 | 1583 Edition, page 1065
John Stamford

Shoemaker. Of Lichfield.

John Stamford was examined by Draycot and Bayne and later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979[Back to Top]
John Standish

(1507? - 1570)

Archdeacon of Colchester (1553 - 1554; 1558 - 1559) (DNB)

John Standish was compelled to divorce his wife in 1553 (1570, p. 1591; 1576, p. 1358; and 1583, p. 1428).

[Instituted archdeacon by Ridley, Standish's appointment was cancelled by Bonner on 22 January 1554. Apparently he repudiated his wife instead of being compelled to divorce her as Foxe maintains. He worked his way back to favor under Bonner and was given a prebend at St Paul's. In October 1558 he was re-admitted to the archdeaconry of Colchester. He was deprived of this office in October 1559 but allowed to retain his prebend (DNB)].

1583 Edition, page 1452
John Standish

(c. 1509 - 1570) [ODNB]

Clergyman; BA Oxford 1528; MA 1531; BTh 1540/2; DTh 1542; wrote tract against the protestation of Robert Barnes at the stake

Instituted archdeacon of Colchester 1553, cancelled 1554; repudiated his wife under Mary; archdeacon of Colchester (1558 - 59)

John Standish took part in the examination of Anne Askew conducted by Bishop Bonner in 1545. 1563, p. 672; 1570, p. 1415; 1576, p. 1206; 1583, p. 1236.

Doctors Smyth, Chedsey, Standish, Young and Oglethorpe recanted their earlier conservative positions by the last year of the reign of King Edward VI. 1570, p. 1522; 1576, p. 1323; 1583, p. 1373.

1583 Edition, page 1260 | 1583 Edition, page 1397
John Sterky

of St Magnus's parish; charged with 10 others in 1541 for supporting preachers of the new learning [Fines]

John Sterky was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Stevenson

of Seamer, Yorks; neighbour to Thomas Dale and nephew of William Ombier; rebel 1549; executed

John Stevenson introduced Dale to Ombier and was one of the ringleaders of a rebellion that began in Seamer and spread through the surrounding area. The rebels were offered a pardon, but refused. He was captured and executed. 1570, pp. 1500-01; 1576, pp. 1271-72; 1583, pp. 1308-09.

1583 Edition, page 1332[Back to Top]
John Steward

John Steward, of Ipswich, was a persecutor of protestants. 1570, p. 2124, 1576, p. 1846, 1583, p. 1940.

A complaint was made by Williams, Steward and Butler about protestants in Ipswich on 18 May 1556. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler accused 22 parishioners in Ipswich of not taking the sacrament. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

A complaint was made against several parishioners in Ipswich by Philip Williams, John Steward and Matthew Butler. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2090.

[Alias Footman]

1583 Edition, page 1964 | 1583 Edition, page 2113
John Steyre

Of unknown occupation. Of Stoke, Suffolk.

John Steyre was a member of the congregation persecuted in Stoke, Suffolk. 1563, p. 1698, 1570, p. 2277, 1576, p. 1966, 1583, p. 2074.

John Foxe and John Steyre would not communicate when challenged. 1563, p. 1698, 1570, p. 2277, 1576, p. 1966, 1583, p. 2074.

1583 Edition, page 2098
John Stokes

(d. 1568)

One of the original fellows of Trinity (1546), Cambridge University chaplain (1556 - 1568), president of Queens' (1560 - 1568), vice-chancellor (1565 - 1566), archdeacon of York (1560 - 1568), DD (1564) (Venn)

John Stokes made an oration at Cambridge in the name of all the scholars on 11 January 1557. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, pp. 2143-44, 1576, pp. 1863-64, 1583, pp. 1957-58.

1583 Edition, page 1979
John Stokesley

(1475 - 1539)

Bishop of London. [DNB]

Latimer was called to appear before William Wareham (archbishop of Canterbury) and John Stokesley (bishop of London) on 29 January 1531. 1570, p. 1906, 1576, p. 1633, 1583, p. 1738.

Henry VIII directed Cranmer and Cromwell (and others, including Stokesley) to examine John Frith. 1583, pp. 2126-27.

1583 Edition, page 1760 | 1583 Edition, page 2149
John Stokesley

(1475 - 1539) [ODNB]

MA Oxford 1500; DTh 1516; archdeacon of Surrey 1522; archdeacon of Dorset 1523; dean of St George's, Windsor 1524; royal confessor 1517; royal chaplain 1519; almoner 1520; bishop of London (1530 - 39)

Thomas Boleyn, John Stokesley and Edward Lee were sent as delegates to the pope to present the king's case for a divorce from Queen Catherine. 1570, p. 1195; 1576, p. 1023; 1583, p. 1051.

Thomas Cranmer, John Stokesley, Edward Carne, William Benet and the earl of Wiltshire were sent as ambassadors to the pope to dispute the matter of the king's marriage. 1570, p. 1280; 1576, p. 1095; 1583, p. 1121.

John Stokesley became bishop of London after Thomas Wolsey was deprived. 1570, p. 1130; 1576, p. 968; 1583, p. 994.

After King Henry had extended Wolsey's praemunire to the whole clergy, the bishops agreed to call all the priests in their dioceses to contribute. Stokesley called his clergy together, but there was such protest and disorder that he sent them away with his pardon. He then complained of his clergy to Sir Thomas More. 1570, p. 1195; 1576, p. 1023; 1583, p. 1051.

Simon Fish was wary of returning home because he was afraid of Sir Thomas More and John Stokesley. 1570, p. 448; 1570, p. 1153; 1576, p. 987; 1583, p. 1014.

Articles were put by Stokesley, bishop of London, to Humphrey Monmouth, accusing him of helping William Tyndale and of advancing the opinions of Martin Luther. He was examined and sent to the Tower. According to Monmouth, Tyndale had wished to become chaplain to the bishop of London, but was turned down. 1570, p. 1133; 1576, p. 970; 1583, p. 997.

Thomas Phillips was handed over by Sir Thomas More to Bishop Stokesley in 1530. As well as holding heretical opinions, he was charged with having a copy of William Tracy's will and butter and cheese during Lent. He was examined by More and Stokesley and agreed to abjure, but not to read openly the abjuration in the form presented. He appealed to the king and was excommunicated by the bishop. 1570, p. 1185; 1576, p. 1014; 1583, p. 1042.

Richard Bayfield was tried before John Stokesley, assisted by Stephen Gardiner and others. 1563, p. 484; 1570, p. 1161; 1576, p. 993; 1583, p. 1021.

Stokesley sent a letter to the mayor and sheriffs of London, directing them to be present at the sentencing of Richard Bayfield. 1563, pp. 488-89; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p. 996; 1583, p. 1024.

Mr Selyard, writing to John Stokesley, asked him to send word by his friend William Saxey of anything that could be discovered against Robert Bate. 1563, p. 495; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1127.

Stokesley had all of Tyndale's New Testaments and other books brought into St Paul's churchyard and burnt. 1563, p. 495; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1127.

Stokesley pronounced sentence on John Tewkesbury as a relapsed heretic and turned him over to the sheriffs. 1563, p. 493; 1570, p. 1167; 1576, p. 998; 1583, p. 1026.

James Bainham was examined before John Stokesley in the house of Sir Thomas More. 1563, p. 496; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1027.

Andrew Hewett was examined by Stokesley, Gardiner and Longland. 1563, p. 506; 1570, p. 1180; 1576, p. 1009; 1583, p. 1036.

Many people in the London diocese were made to abjure under Bishop Stokesley. 1570, p. 1184; 1576, p. 1013; 1583, p. 1040.

Thomas Patmore had been preferred to the living of Much Hadham by Bishop Fitzjames and continued there peacably for sixteen years until John Stokesley became bishop of London. Stokesley was suspected of wanting the benefice for someone else. He imprisoned Patmore in his own palace and then had him sent to Lollards' Tower, where he was kept in harsh conditions. 1583, p. 1044.

Patmore's release from prison was ordered by the king. The king gave him a commission to the lord chancellor, the archbishop of Canterbury and Secretary Cromwell to investigate the dealings of Stokesley and Foxford towards Patmore. 1583, p. 1045.

John Frith was examined in London by the bishops of London, Winchester and Lincoln. Stokesley pronounced sentence upon him and turned him over to the mayor and sheriffs of London to be burnt. 1563, pp. 501-04; 1570, pp. 1176-78; 1576, pp. 1006-08; 1583, pp. 1034-35.

The archbishop of Canterbury (Cranmer), along with the bishops of London (Stokesley), Winchester (Gardiner), Bath and Wells (Clerk) and Lincoln (Longland) and other clergy went to see Queen Catherine. She failed to attend when summoned over 15 days, and they pronounced that she and the king were divorced. 1570, p. 1200; 1576, p. 1027; 1583, p. 1055.

Stokesley swore an oath of allegiance to Henry VIII as head of the church. 1570, p. 1203; 1576, p. 1030; 1583, p. 1057.

Stokesley met Princess Elizabeth's christening procession at the church door. 1570, p. 1199; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1054.

Stokesley preached a sermon in 1534 commending the efficacy of masses. This was attended by Thomas Merial, who was accused of heretical opinions and brought before Stokesley. 1570, pp. 1439-40; 1576, p. 1228; 1583, p. 1257.

Stokesley was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Bishops Stokesley and Tunstall wrote a letter to Cardinal Pole in Rome, urging him to give up his support of the supremacy of the pope. 1563, pp. 613-20; 1570, pp. 1212-16; 1576, pp. 1037-42; 1583, pp. 1065-68.

Stokesley attended a synod in 1537 with other bishops and learned men and with Thomas Cromwell as vicar-general. Stokesley favoured retaining the seven sacraments. 1563, p. 594; 1570, p. 1351; 1576, p. 1153; 1583, p. 1182.

Holland, Stokesley's summoner, was sent for by Sir Christopher Barker to take Thomas Frebarne to the bishop. Frebarne had obtained pork in Lent for his pregnant wife. The bishop had Holland take him and the pig to the civil authorities. 1570, p. 1354; 1576, p. 1156; 1583, p. 1184.

Edmund Bonner, when nominated to the bishopric of London, told Richard Grafton that John Stokesley had been wrong to persecute those like Lobley for having bibles in English. 1570, p. 1362; 1576, p. 1162; 1583, p. 1191.

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John Stone

Sheriff of Bristol (1557).

John Stone arrested Thomas Hale and carried him to Newgate on 24 April 1557. 1570, p. 2252, 1576, p. 1945, 1583, p. 2052.

[Relative of Edward Campion, who assisted Campion when he got into trouble at Oxford. But his will contains protestant sentiments and he bequeathed money to have John Northbrook preach sermons. (K.G. Powell, The Marian Martyrs and the Reformation in Bristol (Bristol, 1972), passim.]

1583 Edition, page 2076
John Stone

(d. 1539)

Augustinian friar of Canterbury; DTh; Catholic martyr: executed for denying royal supremacy

John Stone is one of the Catholic martyrs written of by Nicholas Harpsfield. 1570, p. 1375; 1576, p. 1173; 1583, p. 1201.

1583 Edition, page 1225
John Story

(1510? - 1571)

1st Regius Professor of Civil Law. Roman catholic martyr. (DNB)

John Story was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

In the 1563 edition, Foxe claims that Story urged that Elizabeth be executed, maintaining that it was pointless to cut the branches off a tree and not strike at its roots (1563, p. 1004). These passages were never reprinted.

In a letter to Augustine Bernher, Bradford asked him to discover what Master G. had said to Doctor Story and others. 1570, p. 1837, 1576, p. 1572, 1583, p. 1654.

Dr Story was said by Dr Martin to have been the chief procurer of the deaths of John Warren, his wife and daughter, although he was a relative of theirs. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

When John Denley sang a psalm at his burning, Story rebuked him for it. 1563, p. 1249, 1570, p. 1867, 1576, p. 1598, 1583, p. 1686.

John Story is described by Foxe as one who was occupied with dispatching the godly during Mary's reign. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

The first examination of John Philpot was by Cholmley, Master Roper and John Story and one of the scribes of the Arches at Newgate Hall on 2 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89 , 1583, pp. 1795-96.

In Philpot's first examination, Story claimed that Philpot was guilty of heresy for speaking against the mass. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

Philpot's second examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story and Cook and the scribe on 24 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

During Philpot's second examination, Story demanded that Philpot be taken to Lollard's Tower, after which he was imprisoned in Bonner's coal house. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

Philpot's fifth examination was before Bonner, Rochester, Coventry, St Asaph, as well as Story, Curtop, Saverson, Pendleton and others. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

Story was one of the commissioners who sent John Went, John Tudson, Thomas Brown and Joan Warren to be examined and imprisoned. 1563, p. 1453, 1570, p. 2016, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, p. 1845.

A complaint about John Tudson was sent to Story. 1563, p. 1467, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1749, 1583, p. 1857.

Cranmer was examined by Brookes, Martin and Story. 1563, pp. 1479-83, 1570, pp. 2046-47, 1576, pp. 1764-65, 1583, p. 1871.

A new commission was sent to Rome for the restoration of the pope's authority to allow the condemnation of Cranmer. Those sent were: James Brookes, Martyn and Story . 1570, p. 2047, 1576, p. 1765, 1583, p. 1871.

Story's oration against Cranmer. 1576, pp. 1769-70, 1583, pp. 1875-76.

Story said that they were true witnesses, as they swore allegience to the pope. Cranmer was was sent to Gloucester by Story. 1570, p. 2056, 1576, p. 1773, 1583, p. 1879.

Henry Adlington received a letter from John Careless, which referred to Story. 1570, pp. 2110-12, 1576, pp. 1833-34, 1583, pp. 1928-29.

Robert Farrer talked with Laurence Sheriff in the Rose tavern and suggested to Sheriff that Elizabeth had been involved in Wyatt's rebellion. Sheriff complained to Bonner about Farrer before Mordaunt, Sir John Baker, Darbyshire, Story, Harpsfield, and others. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 1980.

Ralph Allerton was examined on 24 April 1557 before Bonner, Lord North, Dr Story and others. 1563, p. 1621, 1570, p. 2210-11, 1576, p. 1907-08, 1583, p. 2015-16.

A chaplain asked Thomas Green to repeat the articles of his faith before Story. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1953, 1583, p. 2061.

Story questioned Green on the mass and the church fathers. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2061.

Green appeared again before Story. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2061.

Story commanded Green be whipped 100 times, although this was objected to, at which point Story said he would have Green's tongue cut out if he could. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2062.

Elizabeth Young's eighth examination was before Bonner, the dean of St Paul's and Story. 1570, pp. 2273-74, 1576, pp. 1962-63, 1583, pp. 2069-70.

Alexander Wimshurst was carried before Story and Cook who asked him where his whore was. Wimshurst defended his wife's honour and her whereabouts. 1570, p. 2276, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 2072.

Edward Benet asked Story to help him out of prison, which he did, only to deliver him to Cluney who put him in stocks in the coalhouse for a week. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

Richard Waterson was examined by Story, when he was told that £40 would release him from punishment. This was reduced to £10 but eventually a warrant was made to Richard Grafton who was forced to watch the beating of Gye upon a cross at Bridewell. 1563, p. 1730 [incorrectly numbered 1703], 1583, p. 2144.

John Story had accused Angel's wife of murdering a woman and her child who resided with her in her house. He sent her to Newgate. Sir Roger Cholmley dismissed the charges against her. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1991, 1583, p. 2010.

At Elizabeth's accession Story was committed to ward but he managed to escape overseas, where he met with the duke of Alva in Antwerp. 1583, p. 2153.

Parker, a merchant, was sent to apprehend Story and return him to England. 1583, p. 2153.

Parker told Story that a ship had come from England and that he might like to peruse the merchandise on board. Story suspected nothing, was caught and returned to England. 1583, p. 2153.

In prison, Story refused to agree to the act of supremacy and was subsequently hung, drawn and quartered as a traitor. 1583, p. 2153.

Foxe refers to his death. 1563, p. 1706.

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John Streate

Joiner

According to Foxe, Streate, a joiner of Coleman Street, London, hurrying about his business, bumped into a priest carrying the pyx during a Corpus Christi Day procession in 1554, causing the priest to drop the pyx. The priest accused Streate of assaulting him and Streate was taken to one of the Counters, and then to Newgate (1563, p. 1005; 1570, p. 1644; 1576, p. 1403; 1583, p. 1473).

1583 Edition, page 1497
John Sturgeon

of St Magnus's parish; charged with 10 others in 1541 for supporting preachers of the new learning [Fines]

John Sturgeon was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227[Back to Top]
John Sutton

Labourer of St Giles without Cripplegate; charged with his wife in 1541 with despising auricular confession [Fines]

John Sutton was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1378; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1204.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Tailor

Parson of Frittenden, Kent.

John Tailor and Thomas Henden complained to the justices about Edmund Allin, and he was brought before Sir John Baker. 1570, p. 2165, 1576, p. 1870, 1583, p. 1979.

John Tailor was informed by the sexton that Edmund Allin and his wife had returned to Frittenden but were not attending mass. 1570, p. 2165, 1576, p. 1870, 1583, p. 1979.

John Tailor sent the Allins before Sir John Baker for a second time. 1570, p. 2165, 1576, p. 1870, 1583, p. 1979.

Sir John Baker sent John Dove, Thomas Best, Thomas Linley, Percival Barber, John Tailor and Thomas Henden to the Allins' home to make an inventory of their goods. 1570, p. 2165, 1576, p. 1870, 1583, p. 1979.

1583 Edition, page 2003
John Tailor

Master of St John's, Cambridge [ODNB sub Roger Hutchinson]; evangelical

John Tailor was one of the accusers of Thomas Dobbe at St John's. 1563, p. 685; 1570, p. 1486; 1576, p. 1260; 1583, p. 1297.

1583 Edition, page 1321
John Taverner

(c. 1490 - 1545) [ODNB]

Composer; of Boston Lincolnshire; inaugural master of choristers of the choir of Cardinal College, Oxford (1526 - 30)

After Thomas Garrard's imprisonment and escape, Anthony Dalaber went to evensong at Cardinal College, where he heard John Taverner play. 1563, p. 606; 1570, p. 1367; 1576, p. 1167; 1583, p. 1195.

Those suspected of heresy at Oxford at the time of the trial of Thomas Garrard and Anthony Dalaber included John Clerk, Henry Sumner, William Bettes, John Taverner, Radley, Nicholas Udall, John Diet, William Eden, John Langport, John Salisbury and Robert Ferrar. 1563, p. 609; 1570, p. 1369; 1576, p. 1168; 1583, p. 1197.

John Taverner was one of the scholars Wolsey gathered for Cardinal College. He was accused of hiding John Clerk's books under the floorboards in his school, but was released because he was only a musician. 1563, p. 497; 1570, p. 1174; 1576, p. 1004; 1583, p. 1032.

1583 Edition, page 1056 | 1583 Edition, page 1219[Back to Top]
John Taylor

Registrar of Gloucester.

Foxe received testimony of Thomas Dowry's death from John Taylor. 1583, p. 1911.

[Alias Barker.]

1583 Edition, page 1434 | 1583 Edition, page 1490 | 1583 Edition, page 1935
John Taylor

(1503? - 1554) [ODNB]

DTh Cambridge 1538; rector of St Peter's Cornhill 1536; master of St John's (1538 - 47); royal chaplain by 1543; dean of Lincoln 1539

Bishop of Lincoln (1552 - 54); deprived

John Lambert attended a sermon preached by John Taylor at St Peter's in London in 1538. Lambert put ten articles to him questioning transubstantiation. Taylor conferred with Robert Barnes, who persuaded Taylor to put the matter to Archbishop Cranmer. Cranmer called Lambert into open court, where he was made to defend his cause. 1563, pp. 532-33; 1570, pp. 1280-81; 1576, p. 1095; 1583, p. 1121.

John Taylor was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. He was imprisoned. 1570, p. 1380; 1576, p. 1178; 1583, p. 1206.

Taylor was one of the accusers of Thomas Dobbe at St John's. 1563, p. 685; 1570, p. 1486; 1576, p. 1260; 1583, p. 1297.

1583 Edition, page 1145 | 1583 Edition, page 1230[Back to Top]
John Taylor

(d. 1534) [ODNB]

Catholic priest and diplomat; DCnL Ferrara; chaplain to Henry VII and Henry VIII; archdeacon of Derby 1516; archdeacon of Buckingham 1516; master of the rolls (1527 - 34)

The dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk retrieved the great seal from Thomas Wolsey and delivered it to John Taylor to return to the king. 1570, p. 1130; 1576, p. 967; 1583, p. 994.

John Taylor was discharged as master of the rolls and Thomas Cromwell was brought in to replace him. 1570, p. 1348; 1576, p. 1151; 1583, p. 1179.

1583 Edition, page 1018 | 1583 Edition, page 1203
John Taylor

of Speen, Hertfordshire [Fines]; held lectures, scripture readings at his house

John Rayburne admitted to attending a reading at John Taylor's house. 1570, p. 1119; 1576, p. 958; 1583, p. 985.

1583 Edition, page 1009
John Tewkesbury

(d. 1531) [Fines]

Martyr; living by the entrance to St Martin's le Grand in the parish of St Michael-le-Quern; leatherseller and haberdasher

John Tewkesbury was converted by reading Tyndale's works and disputed openly in the chapel in the bishop's palace. He was examined before Cuthbert Tunstall, Henry Standish and John Islip, before the bishops of Lincoln, Ely and Bath and Wells, and before Geoffrey Wharton, Rowland Philipps, William Philow and Robert Ridley. 1563, pp. 490-92; 1570, pp. 1165-66; 1576, pp. 996-97; 1583, pp. 1024-25.

Tewkesbury abjured and was sentenced to carry a faggot, to wear the sign of a faggot for life and to remain in a monastery until released by the bishop of London. 1563, p. 492; 1570, pp. 1166-67; 1576, p. 997; 1583, p. 1025.

Two years later, Tewkesbury appeared before Sir Thomas More and John Stokesley. He was sentenced as a relapsed heretic and handed over to the sheriffs to be burnt at Smithfield. 1563, p. 492; 1570, p. 1167; 1576, p. 998; 1583, p. 1025.

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John the Steadfast

(1468 - 1532)

Elector of Saxony (1525 - 32); brother of Frederick the Wise; established Lutheranism in his lands in 1527

Stephen Gardiner, in a letter to Edward Seymour, the Lord Protector, said that the duke of Saxony had asked God to take him if his cause were not just. The duke had since died. 1563, p. 733; 1583, p. 1343.

1583 Edition, page 1367
John Thixtill

B.A. Cambridge 1514-15; M.A. 1518; B.D. 1523-24; D.D. 1537-38); fellow of Pembroke (1515), preacher (1522), rector of Saltwood, Kent (1538-40) and vicar of Lydd (1538-40) [Venn & Venn

Thixtill kept company with Latimer and Barnes and others who were influenced by Thomas Bilney. 1570, p. 1152; 1576, p. 986; 1583, p. 1013.

1583 Edition, page 1037
John Thompson

of the University of St Andrews

John Thompson sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

1583 Edition, page 1283
John Thompson (Tonson)

Flesher/fletcher of Colchester; son-in-law to Thomas Parker; charged in 1528 [Fines]

John Thompson, along with many others, abjured. 1570, p. 1191; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1048.

1583 Edition, page 1072[Back to Top]
John Thorlyne

John Thorlyne refused to let Richard Morrice bury William Glover at night. 1570, p. 1891, 1576, p. 1620, 1583, p. 1714.

1583 Edition, page 1739
John Thorpe

Of Calais.

After the Duke of Guise had taken Calais, John Thorpe and his wife, a godly couple, were cast into the fields and had their child taken from them by the soldiers. 1563, p. 1702, 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1967, 1583, p. 2075.

His wife, who was very ill, was carried nearly a mile by strangers, who took her to a village for the night, where she was able to recover. 1563, p. 1702, 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1967, 1583, p. 2075.

The next day Thorpe and his wife returned to England, where by chance they went to an inn where they found their child sitting by the fireside. 1563, p. 1702, 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1967, 1583, p. 2075.

1583 Edition, page 2099
John Threlkelde or Threllkell

These may be two separate people; if so, both matriculated from Christ's College as pensioners in 1554-55. If they are two people, one of them is quite possibly the 'maister Thrackolde' who challenged John Young over his lenient treatment of Henry Bovell (also of Christ's) for refusing to swear to Mary's supremacy over the English Church (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

1583 Edition, page 1490
John Thurston

(d. 1606)

JP. Of Laxfield, Suffolk. [See Diarmaid MacCulloch, Suffolk and the Tudors: Politics and Religion in an English County 1500-1600 (Oxford, 1986), p. 86, app. I, III.]

Thomas Lovel, chief constable of 'Hoxne Hundred', and John Jacob and William Stannard, under-constables of the town of Laxfield, Suffolk, with Wolfren Dowsing and Nicholas Stannard, both catholics, were commanded to appear before Thurston, John Tyrrel, Master Kene, and John Sylliard (high sheriff) in September 1557. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Master Thurston, Master Waller and Thomas Lovel prepared the place for Noyes' execution. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1914, 1583, p. 2022.

1583 Edition, page 2045
John Thurston

(d. 1557)

Of Great Bentley, Essex. Of unknown occupation.

Edmund Tyrrel found John Thurston and Margaret, his wife, at William Mount's house and so sent them to prison at Colchester castle, along with the Mounts and their daughter. 1570, p. 2200, 1576, p. 1898, 1583, p. 2007.

Thurston died in Colchester Castle around May 1557. 1563, p. 1611, 1570, p. 2202, 1576, p. 1900, 1583, p. 2009.

1583 Edition, page 2031 | 1583 Edition, page 2033
John Tisen

Servant of John Stokesley; once scholar of William Tyndale and suspected by him of shadowing him in Antwerp in 1533 [Emden sub John Tyson]

In a letter to John Frith in the Tower, William Tyndale warns him of John Tisen and describes his appearance. 1563, p. 522; 1570, p. 1232; 1576, p. 1055; 1583, p. 1082.

1583 Edition, page 1106
John Tompson

One of the priests associated with the Western Rising in 1549

John Tompson was one of the priests said to have been the chief inspirers of the rebellion and who were later executed. 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

He was captured and executed with other rebel leaders in 1549. 1570, p. 1499; 1576, p. 1271; 1583, p. 1308.

1583 Edition, page 1329
John Tooley

(d. 1555)

Poulterer and posthumous martyr

John Tooley robbed a Spaniard, was caught and sentenced to hang. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1583.

At the gallows, Tooley prayed that the Lord deliver them from the tyranny of the bishop of Rome. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, pp. 1583-84.

The privy council ordered that Tooley be posthumously punished by ecclesiastical law for his prayer. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, pp. 1756-57; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

Depositions of witnesses to Tooley's heretical prayer: 1563, pp. 1144-46.

Bishop Bonner published a writ excommunicating Tooley. 1563, pp. 1142-44; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, pp. 1500-1; 1583, pp. 1584-85.

Tooley was posthumously tried and his remains exhumed and burned. 1563, p. 1144; 1570, pp. 1757-58; 1576, p. 1501; 1583, p. 1585.

1583 Edition, page 1607 | 1583 Edition, page 1619 | 1583 Edition, page 1725
John Toy

of St Faith; prosecuted in 1528 [Fines]

John Toy, along with many others, abjured. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1191; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1048.

1583 Edition, page 1072
John Trapne

Of Little Stonham, Suffolk.

John Trapne was forced to flee his hometown for fear of persecution. 1563, p. 1676, 1570, p. 2268, 1576, p. 1958, 1583, p. 2065.

1583 Edition, page 2089
John Traves

(fl. 1531 - 1556)

Of Backley, Manchester. A deep influence on Bradford. [Fines]

John Traves was the recipient of a letter by John Bradford, who sent greetings to Bradford's mother and also his father and other friends, which included John Traves. 1570, pp. 1805-06,1576, pp. 1541-42, 1583, p. 1624.

[Traves is, contrary to Foxe, not a clergyman, but a merchant, probably a wool or cloth merchant. (Christopher Haigh, 'The Reformation inLancashire to 1558' (University of Manchester PhD, 1969), pp. 537-38]

1583 Edition, page 1648 | 1583 Edition, page 1683[Back to Top]
John Trayford

John Gye had his coat taken from him by Tyrrell, who then gave it to John Trayford. 1570, p. 2075, 1576, p. 1790, 1583, p. 1896.

1583 Edition, page 1920
John Trew

Leading freewiller. Of Hellingley, Sussex.

John Careless received a letter from John Bradford which mentioned Trew. 1570, p. 1827, 1576, p. 1563, 1583, p. 1645.

During his examination by Thomas Martyn, John Careless defended the doctrine of Trew. 1563, p. 1530, 1570, p. 2102, 1576, p. 1813, 1583, p. 1920.

Henry Adlington received a letter from John Careless which mentioned 'John T.' 1570, pp. 2110-12, 1576, pp. 1833-34, 1583, pp. 1928-29.

John Trew was persecuted by Sir Edward Gage and imprisoned, pilloried and had his ears cut off. 1563, p. 1681.

[An undated petition of John Trew in Elizabeth's reign to Elizabeth's commissioners in the counties of Surrey and Sussex said that Sir Edward Gage, 'an extreme persecutor of the gospel', had placed John Trewe in the pillory in the market towns of Lewes and Hailsham and had his ears cut off. Trew petitioned that Gage compensate him. (Historical Manuscripts Commission Reports, vol.7, p. 665.)]

[For Trew as a freewiller, see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), pp. 136-39.]

[Trew was the author of an important account of conflicts between predestinarians and freewillers in Mary's reign. See Richard Laurence, ed., Authentic Documents (Oxford, 1819), pp. 37-70.]

[Escaped from prison in June 1556. (BL, Add.Ms.19400, fo.67v APC 1554-1556 V, p. 316.)]

1583 Edition, page 1669 | 1583 Edition, page 1944 | 1583 Edition, page 1953
John Tudson

(d. 1556)

Artificer. Martyr.

John Tudson was born in Ipswich, Suffolk. He was apprentice in London to George Goodyear in the parish of St Mary Botolph. He was complained of to Sir Richard Cholmley and John Story. 1563, p. 1467, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1749, 1583, p. 1857.

Tudson was examined by Mr Cholmley and Dr Story. 1563, p. 1453, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1735, 1583, p. 1857.

He was charged and condemned by Bonner. 1563, pp. 1451-54, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1735, 1583, p. 1857.

He was burned at Smithfield on 27 January 1556. 1563, p. 1451, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1749, 1583, p. 1857.

1583 Edition, page 1868 | 1583 Edition, page 1878 | 1583 Edition, page 1881 | 1583 Edition, page 1920
John Tulidaffe

Warden of the Franciscan friars, Scotland 1540

John Tulidaffe sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

1583 Edition, page 1283
John Turke

Charged 1528; brought before the privy council in 1543 for publishing a postilla on the gospels; committed to the Fleet [Fines]

John Turke, along with many others, abjured. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1191; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1048.

1583 Edition, page 1072[Back to Top]
John Twyford

Publican and executioner [Fines sub Thomas Merial]

John Twyford attended a sermon delivered by Bishop Stokesley in 1534, commending the efficacy of masses. Thomas Merial also attended. Twyford, who had a grudge against Thomas Merial, brought together a group of men, plied them with wine, and had them give evidence against him. Merial was brought before Stokesley. 1570, pp. 1439-40; 1576, p. 1228; 1583, p. 1257.

Twyford was the executioner of John Frith, Richard Bayfield, James Bainham, John Tewkesbury and John Lambert, among others. 1570, p. 1440; 1576, p. 1228; 1583, p. 1258.

1583 Edition, page 1281
John Tybal

of Steeple Bumpstead, Essex [Fines]

Confessed in 1528; often attended meetings of a sect in Colchester; imprisoned several times

John Tybal came to John Chapman's house as he was prevented by injunction from going to his own. Through the betrayal of Wythers and William Holt, Tybal, John Chapman and Andrew Hewett were arrested. Tybal and Chapman were both bound with ropes and taken to the bishop's house, but kept apart. Tybal was released from prison, but had to sell his estate because of the injunction. 1563, p. 506; 1570, p. 1179; 1576, p. 1008; 1583, p. 1036.

John Tybal, his mother, his wife and his two sons and two daughters abjured. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1060 | 1583 Edition, page 1071
John Tyndale

Wool merchant of St Martin Outwich; brother of William [Fines; ODNB sub William Tyndale]

John Tyndale was charged in 1530 in London with having sent his brother five marks and having received and kept letters from him. 1570, p. 1185; 1576, p. 1014; 1583, p. 1041.

1583 Edition, page 1065
John Tyrel

Irishman of Billericay; tailor [Fines]

John Tyrel was charged in London in 1532 with holding heretical opinions. When asked how he came to hold these opinions, he said he had heard Hugh Latimer preach the same. 1570, p. 1189; 1576, p. 1018; 1583, p. 1046.

1583 Edition, page 1070[Back to Top]
John Tyson

John Tyson was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book in 1537. 1570, p. 1212; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

1583 Edition, page 1088
John Underwood

(d. 1541) [Emden; VCH: Norfolk, vol. 2 (1906) pp. 359-68]

Franciscan friar; BTh Cambridge 1500; DTh; bishop of Chalcedon (1505 - 41); prior of Bromholm, Norfolk (1509 - 30); suffragan to the bishop of Norwich 1527

Thomas Bilney was degraded by John Underwood in 1531. 1570, p. 1150; 1576, p. 984; 1583, p. 1012.

1583 Edition, page 1036
John Venetus

D. D. (1518) [Venn]. A Grey friar.

Dr Venetus berated Latimer in his sermons. 1570, p. 1904, 1576, p. 1631, 1583, p. 1734.

1583 Edition, page 1759
John Veysey

(1465? - 1554) (DNB)

Bishop of Exeter

John Veysey enjoyed a brief restoration to the see under Mary.

Veysey was the person to whom Foxe supposed (mistakenly) that Moreman was coadjutor. Cited by bishopric, not name. (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

1583 Edition, page 1491
John Veysey (formerly Harman)

(c. 1464 - 1554) [ODNB]

BA Oxford; BCL by 1489; DCL by 1495; archdeacon of Chester 1499; chancellor of Exeter 1502; president of Magdalen College 1507, resigned the same year; dean of Exeter 1509; dean of the Chapel Royal 1514; dean of St George's chapel, Windsor 1515

Bishop of Exeter (1519 - 51), resigned

Thomas Wolsey, William Warham, Cuthbert Tunstall, John Fisher, Nicholas West, John Veysey, John Longland, John Clerk and Henry Standish took part in the examination of Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur in 1527-28. 1563, pp. 461-78; 1570, pp. 1134-46; 1576, pp. 971-81; 1583, pp. 998-1008.

After antipapal papers had been posted on the cathedral doors in Exeter, the mayor and his officers were not especially active in attempting to find the person responsible, but the bishop, John Veysey, and higher clergy were determined to do so. Veysey gave orders that the clergy were to preach daily against the heresy. 1570, p. 1180; 1576, p. 1010; 1583, p. 1037.

Thomas Benet was arrested and was imprisoned in the bishop's prison, placed in the stocks and in irons. He was examined by John Veysey. 1570, p. 1182; 1576, p. 1011; 1583, p. 1038.

Veysey was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

1583 Edition, page 1022 | 1583 Edition, page 1061 | 1583 Edition, page 1088
John Wade

(d. 1555)

A letter was sent by the commissioners to Bonner requesting examination of the accused members of the London sacramentaries (including Wade). It was dated 2 July 1555 and signed by Nicholas Hare, William Roper, Richard Rede, and William Cooke. 1563, p. 1250, 1570, p. 1868, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1689.

John Wade was a prisoner for his beliefs in Lollard's Tower. He became so weak he was removed to a house in the city, where he died. He was cast out into the fields and buried at night. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1575, 1583, p. 1702.

NB: Foxe refers to him incorrectly as Richard Smith in 1563.

1583 Edition, page 1713
John Wakelyng

'Learned man'

Gilbert Bourne, John Harpsfield, Robert Cousyn, John Wakelyng and Richard Rogers witnessed Edmund Bonner's first appellation to the king in September 1549. 1563, p. 722; 1570, p. 1515; 1576, p. 1284; 1583, pp. 1325-26.

1583 Edition, page 1350
John Waller

Fuller.

John Waller is included in a letter from the earl of Oxford to Bishop Bonner as one of those refusing the sacraments and holding erroneous opinions. In 1563 John Waller was included in Foxe's list of those denounced to Bishop Bonner on 1 May 1555 but was omitted in subsequent editions. 1563, p. 1166; 1570, p. 1777; 1576, p. 1518; 1583, p. 1602

1583 Edition, page 1626[Back to Top]
John Walsh

On 3 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Walsh and John Bernard be apprehended for carrying the bones of the martyr William Pygot around Suffolk and displaying them. 1583, p. 1577.

1583 Edition, page 1601
John Warner

(d. 1557)

Of unknown occupation. Of Warne.

John Warner was accused and examined by Christopherson, Richard Briesly, Robert Tailor, Thomas Paccard, Anthony Clarke, and Alban Langdale. He was condemned and martyred at Chichester. 1563, p. 1634, 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1815, 1583, p. 2023.

1583 Edition, page 2048
John Warren

Upholsterer. Martyr. Husband of Elizabeth Warne and stepfather to Joan Lashford/Warren.

Dr Martin gave suit for Warren's release, but this was overturned by Dr Scory. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

John Warren was burned at the end of May 1555. 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

1583 Edition, page 1602 | 1583 Edition, page 1713 | 1583 Edition, page 1726 | 1583 Edition, page 1881
John Warren

(d. 1558)

Prebend of Canterbury (1554 - 1558). [Fasti]

John Warren rebuked those who followed Latimer, Hooper and others. 1563, p. 1279, 1570, p. 1888, 1576, p. 1617, 1583, p. 1711.

John Warren was judge at the examination of John Lomas, Agnes Snotten, Anne Albright, Joan Sole, and Joan Catmer. 1563, p. 1470, 1570, p. 2032, 1576, p. 1751, 1583, p. 1859.

1583 Edition, page 1883
John Waterhouse

Of Lichfield.

John Waterhouse was examined and forced by Draycot and Bayne to do penance. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Witnesses against John Waterhouse were Richard Caerbanke, J.Edge, William Smith, and Robert Cooke. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979
John Watson

(d. 1536)

Fellow of Peterhouse (1501 - 1516); DD (1516 - 1517); Master of Christ's College (1517 - 1531); Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge Univeristy (1518 - 1520 and 1530 - 1532). Rector of St Mary Woolnoth, London (1523 - 1536). Retired to King's Hall, perhaps as a fellow (1531 - 1536) [DNB and Venn]

Latimer's adversaries were listed: bishop of Ely (preached against him in King's College), Dr Watson (Master of Christ's College), Dr Norton (Master of Clare), Dr Philo (Master of Michael House), Dr Metcalfe (Master of St John), Dr Blith (of the King's Hall), Dr Bullock (Master of Queen's College), Dr Cliffe (of Clement House), Dr Donnes (of Jesus College), Dr Palmes (Master of St Nicholas hostel), Bayne, Rud and Greenwood of St John's, Brikenden of St John's also, and said to have been a scholar of Latimer's. 1563, p. 1307, 1570, p. 1904, 1576, p. 1631, 1583,p. 1735.

1583 Edition, page 1759
John Wayland

(fl. 1539 - 1570)

Catholic printer. [See E. G. Duff, A Century of the English Book Trade: Short Notices of All Printers, Stationers, Book-binders, and Others Connected with it from the Issue of the First Dated Book in 1457 to the Incorporation of the Company of Stationers in 1557 (London, 1948), pp. 167-68.]

Thomas Green was brought before Dr Story by his master, John Wayland the printer, for a book called 'Antichrist' and so examined. 1563, p. 1685, 1570, p. 2262, 1576, p. 1953, 1583, p. 2050.

1583 Edition, page 2084[Back to Top]
John Webbe

Probably a merchant. Of Frittenden, Kent.

Edmund Allin met with John Webbe whilst in Calais, and Webbe suggested that God had plans for Allin in England. Allin then returned to Frittenden. 1570, p. 2165, 1576, p. 1870, 1583, p. 1979.

Testimony of the Allins' imprisonment was given to Foxe by Richard Fletcher and John Webbe 1570, p. 2165, 1576, p. 1870, 1583, p. 1979.

1583 Edition, page 2003
John Weddell

Rector of University of St Andrews; official of St Andrews (1517 - 23, 1530 - 33)[Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ]; official of Lothian (1533 - 40); commissary of St Andrews (1517 - 23)

John Weddell was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1107; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

1583 Edition, page 998
John Went

(1529? - 1556)

Martyr. Born in Langham, Essex.

John Went is referred to as Thomas Went. 1563, p. 1451.

He was an artificer and / or shereman. [For artificer see 1563, p. 1451; shereman: 1563, p. 1467]. He is described as shereman from 1570 onwards.

He was examined by Story and then by Bonnner. Foxe records Bonner's charges and Went's answers to the charges. 1563, pp. 1451-53, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1750, 1583, p. 1857.

While imprisoned in Lollards' Tower, he and his fellow prisoners received a letter from Thomas Whittle. 1570, p. 2019, 1576, p. 1740, 1583, p. 1848.

He was burned at Smithfield on 27 January 1556. 1563, p. 1451, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1750, 1583, p. 1857.

1583 Edition, page 1868 | 1583 Edition, page 1872 | 1583 Edition, page 1881 | 1583 Edition, page 1920
John White

(1510? - 1560)

Bishop of Lincoln (1554 - 1556), bishop of Winchester (1556 - 1559) (Fasti; DNB)

John White was created bishop of Lincoln in 1554 (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

He was the author of commendatory verses for Philip and Mary's marriage, (1563, p. 1004; 1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

On 14 February 1555 Percival Creswell, an old acqauintance of Bradford's, went to visit Bradford in prison. He offered to make suit for Bradford. He returned later, at 11 o'clock, with another man and gave Bradford a book by More, desiring him to read it. He told Bradford that the lords of York, Lincoln and Bath wished to speak with him. Then at 3 o'clock the same day, Dr Harding, the bishop of Lincoln's chaplain, went to see Bradford in prison. Harding talked of his fear for Bradford's soul, and that he himself had spoken against Peter Martir, Martin Bucer, Luther and others for their beliefs. 1563, p. 1200, 1570, pp. 1790-91, 1576, p. 1529, 1583, pp. 1612-13.

An examination of Ridley and Latimer was conducted by White (Lincoln), Brookes (Gloucester) and Holyman (Bristol) on 30 September 1555. White, Brookes and Holyman received their commission from Cardinal Pole. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

White was present during the second private conference between Philpot and Bonner. 1563, pp. 1419-20, 1570, pp. 1982-83, 1576, pp. 1706-07, 1583, pp. 1812-13.

Thomas Benbridge was examined by John White, bishop of Winchester. 1563, p. 1667, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

John White would not be swayed by the truth of Gratwick's argument. 1570, p. 2162, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

Woodman's fourth examination took place before White (Winchester), Rochester, a certain doctor and others on 25 May 1557. 1563, pp. 1596-99, 1570, pp. 2188-90, 1576, pp. 1889-90, 1583, pp. 1997-99.

Woodman's fifth examination took place before Winchester, Nicholas Harpsfield, Langdale, a fat-headed priest, and many others at St Mary Overy's church on 15 June 1557. 1563, pp. 1599-1601, 1570, pp. 2190-92, 1576, pp. 1890-92, 1583, pp. 1999-2000.

The sixth and last examination of Woodman took place before Chichester, Roper, Nicholas Harpsfield, the fat priest, Winchester and others. He was condemned by Winchester and others.1563, 1599-1601, 1570, p. 2192-94, 1576, p. 1892-93, 1583, pp. 2000-02.

White was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

He died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

1583 Edition, page 1491 | 1583 Edition, page 1495 | 1583 Edition, page 1636 | 1583 Edition, page 1781 | 1583 Edition, page 1815 | 1583 Edition, page 1836 | 1583 Edition, page 2000 | 1583 Edition, page 2021 | 1583 Edition, page 2070 | 1583 Edition, page 2126 | 1583 Edition, page 2142
John Whiteman

Martyr. Shoemaker. Married man. Of Brabant but moved to Rye, Sussex. 1583, p. 2113.

John Whiteman travelled by ship to Ostend in 1572 where he objected in Dutch to a catholic service he attended. 1583, p. 2113.

Whiteman was arrested and sentenced to have his hand cut off, his body scorched and hanged. 1583, p. 2113.

Witnesses to the death of John Whitman were Cuthbert Carr and Bartholomew Bellington. 1583, p. 2113.

1583 Edition, page 2136
John Whitwood

of Calais [Fines]

After an exhaustive inquisition for heretics, John Whitwood was one of those brought before the commissioners in Calais in 1540, charged and imprisoned. 1563, p. 665; 1570, p. 1404; 1576, p. 1197; 1583, p. 1227.

1583 Edition, page 1251
John Whoodles

Coverlet weaver. Of Ipswich.

John Whoodles fled Ipswich for fear of persecution. 1576, p. 1981, 1583, p. 2089.

1583 Edition, page 2113[Back to Top]
John Wiggen

of Steeple Bumpstead or Witham or friar of Stoke by Clare. Possibly wandering ex-friar [Fines]

John Wiggen, along with many others of Steeple Bumpstead, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
John Williams of Thame

(1500? - 1559)

1st Baron Williams of Thame (1554 - 1559) (DNB)

Sir John Williams was ordered by the privy council to convey Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer from the Tower of London to Oxford, 10 March 1555 (1583, p. 1428).

[NB: APC IV (1552 - 1554), p. 406, has an order to the lieutenant of the Tower to deliver Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer to him (dated 8 March 1553 [1554]), but it has no order to Williams dated 10 March. Foxe's source for this, however, must have been privy council records; this particular entry must have been lost].

Williams conveyed Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer to Oxford in his capacity as sheriff of Oxfordshire.Elizabeth was released from the Tower into his custody; he treated her gently and courteously (1563, p. 1004; 1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

Williams greeted Philip, the son of Charles V, on his arrival at Southampton on 20 July 1554 (1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

Ridley spoke with Lord Williams before his martyrdom. 1563, p. 1379, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1662, 1583, p. 1769.

Lord Williams, Lord Chandos, Sir Thomas Bridges and Sir John Browne arrived in Oxford, prior to Cranmer's martyrdom. 1563, p. 1498, 1570, p. 2063, 1576, p. 1780, 1583, p. 1885.

After Wyatt's rebellion, Lord Williams of Thame went to see Elizabeth at Ashridge and found her to be unwell. 1563, p. 1711, 1570, p. 2288, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

Benifield was not happy at the treatment Elizabeth received when she was at the house of Lord Williams of Thame. 1563, p. 1713, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2090.

Foxe recounts Benifield's behaviour towards Elizabeth when she stayed at the house of Lord Williams of Thame. 1563, p. 1713, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2090.

[The fact that Williams summoned John Jewel to his deathbed in 1569 may indicate that Williams had protestant sympathies (DNB)].

1583 Edition, page 1495 | 1583 Edition, page 1935 | 1583 Edition, page 2118 | 1583 Edition, page 2129[Back to Top]
John Williams of Thame

(1500? - 1559)

1st Baron Williams of Thame (1554 - 1559) [DNB]

Sir John Williams was ordered by the privy council to convey Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer from the Tower of London to Oxford, 10 March 1555 (1583, p. 1428).

[NB: APC IV (1552 - 1554), p. 406, has an order to the lieutenant of the Tower to deliver Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer to him (dated 8 March 1553 [1554]), but it has no order to Williams dated 10 March. Foxe's source for this, however, must have been privy council records; this particular entry must have been lost].

Williams conveyed Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer to Oxford in his capacity as sheriff of Oxfordshire.Elizabeth was released from the Tower into his custody; he treated her gently and courteously (1563, p. 1004; 1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

Williams greeted Philip, the son of Charles V, on his arrival at Southampton on 20 July 1554 (1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

Ridley spoke with Lord Williams before his martyrdom. 1563, p. 1379, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1662, 1583, p. 1769.

Lord Williams, Lord Chandos, Sir Thomas Bridges and Sir John Browne arrived in Oxford, prior to Cranmer's martyrdom. 1563, p. 1498, 1570, p. 2063, 1576, p. 1780, 1583, p. 1885.

After Wyatt's rebellion, Lord Williams of Thame went to see Elizabeth at Ashridge and found her to be unwell. 1563, p. 1711, 1570, p. 2288, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

Benifield was not happy at the treatment Elizabeth received when she was at the house of Lord Williams of Thame. 1563, p. 1713, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2090.

Foxe recounts Benifield's behaviour towards Elizabeth when she stayed at the house of Lord Williams of Thame. 1563, p. 1713, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2090.

[The fact that Williams summoned John Jewel to his deathbed in 1569 may indicate that Williams had protestant sympathies (DNB)].

1583 Edition, page 1793 | 1583 Edition, page 1909
John Williamson

of St Michael's in Wood Street; one of 6 charged in 1541 as sacramentaries [Fines]

John Williamson was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227
John Willock

Strongly reforming Scottish exile; curate of St Katherine Coleman; presented in 1541 [Brigden, London, p. 330]

John Willock was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, pp. 1378, 1379; 1576, pp. 1176, 1177; 1583, pp. 1204, 1205.

Willock was committed to the Fleet for denying purgatory, the efficacy of prayers for souls, the intercession of saints and confession. 1563, p. 420.

1583 Edition, page 1228
John Wilshire

of St Magnus's parish; charged with 10 others in 1541 for supporting preachers of the new learning [Fines]

John Wilshire was one of those charged in London in the inquisition following the setting up of the commission to enforce the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1377; 1576, p. 1175; 1583, p. 1203.

1583 Edition, page 1227[Back to Top]
John Wily junior

of Horkesley, Essex [Fines]; charged in 1532 with his parents, wife, brother and his wife; in prison at Fulham in 1534

John Wily junior, his wife, parents, brother and sister-in-law abjured in 1532. 1570, p. 1191; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1048.

John Wily junior and his parents were imprisoned at Fulham with Edward Freese. 1563, p. 494; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1026.

1583 Edition, page 1050 | 1583 Edition, page 1072
John Wily senior

Weaver of Horkesley, Essex [Fines]; charged in 1532 with his wife, sons and their wives; in prison at Fulham in 1534

John Wily, his wife, sons and daughters-in-law abjured in 1532. He was charged with eating meat during forbidden periods, teaching his young daughter scripture and of possessing illicit books. 1563, p. 419; 1570, p. 1191; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1048.

John Wily and his wife and son were imprisoned at Fulham with Edward Freese. 1563, p. 494; 1570, p. 1168; 1576, p. 999; 1583, p. 1026.

1583 Edition, page 1050 | 1583 Edition, page 1072
John Winchcomb

Julins Palmer's second examination on 10 July 1556 (15 July in 1583) at Newbury was before Dr Jeffrey (chancellor of Salisbury), John Winchcomb, esquire, Sir Richard Abridges, Sir William Rainford [in 1576 and 1583], and the parson of Englefield. 1570, pp. 2121-23, 1576, pp. 1844-46,1583, pp. 1938-40.

1583 Edition, page 1962[Back to Top]
John Winram (Wynram)

(c. 1492 - 1582) [ODNB]

Prior of St Serf within Lochleven 1553, ecclesiastical reformer; BA St Andrews 1515; MA before 1532; DTh 1541; sub-prior 1535, de facto leader of St Andrews Augustinian priory during the minority of Lord James Stewart; elected superintendent of Fife 1560; married 1562

John Winram sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

Cardinal David Beaton ordered John Winram to summon George Wishart to appear before the bishops at St Andrews. Winram preached a sermon against heresy, which he defined as opinion obstinately held which impugned the scriptures. 1563, pp. 648-49; 1570, p. 1444; 1576, pp. 1231-32; 1583, p. 1268.

John Scot and another Franciscan went to Wishart in the castle prison after his condemnation and insisted he make his confession to them. He refused, asking to confess to John Winram instead. 1563, p. 653; 1570, p. 1447; 1576, p. 1234; 1583, p. 1271.

Winram sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

During the dispute over the Lord's Prayer, John Winram was given a commission to declare to the people the manner in which it should be prayed. He declared that it should be directed to God, and this settled the matter. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

Winram sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

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John Wiseman

(1515 - 1558)

JP. Of Felstead. Auditor of Augmentations [Bindoff, Commons]. Described as 'of Caufield' in the Commission of the Peace of May 1555 [PRO SP11/5, no. 6]

Thomas Bowyer was brought before Wiseman of Felstead, who sent him to Colchester Castle and then to Bonner. 1563, p. 1524, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1809, 1583, p. 1916.

1583 Edition, page 1939
John Wiseman

John Wiseman was one of the commissioners who examined Thomas Wattes on 26 April 1555. These commissioners sent Wattes to Bishop Bonner on 27 April to be tried for heresy. 1563, pp. 1162-63 and 1165-66; 1570, pp. 1769-70; 1576, p. 1511; 1583, pp. 1594-95

[This probably John Wiseman of Great Canfield, Essex (by 1515 - 1568), JP and MP [1554, 1555](Bindoff, Commons) but it might be John Wiseman of Felsted, Essex, a JP who died in 1559].

1583 Edition, page 1618
John Wolcoke

One of the priests associated with the Western Rising in 1549

John Wolcoke was one of the priests said to have been the chief inspirers of the rebellion and who were later executed. 1570, p. 1496; 1576, p. 1268; 1583, p. 1305.

1583 Edition, page 1329
John Word the younger

Gentleman of North Yorkshire

William Ombler, leader of the Yorkshire rebels, was spotted and captured by John Word the younger, James Aslaby, Rafe Twinge and Thomas Constable, who took him to York to be tried. 1570, p. 1501; 1576, p. 1272; 1583, p. 1309.

1583 Edition, page 1333
John Wright

Witness at the deathbed of John Redman

John Wright witnessed Redman's statements of his religious belief. 1563, pp. 867-74; 1570, pp. 1538-41; 1576, pp. 1311-14; 1583, pp. 1361-64.

1583 Edition, page 1385[Back to Top]
John Wyclif (Wycliffe)

(d. 1384) [ODNB]

Theologian, philosopher, religious reformer; studied at Oxford; master of Balliol by December 1360-61; promoted to college's benefice of Fillingham, Lincolnshire 1361-68; returned to Oxford for study: DTh 1372/73. Rector of Lutterworth, Leicestershire (1374-84)

John Wyclif's career. 1570, pp. 524-28; 1576; pp. 421-24, 1583; pp. 424-28.

The pope condemned Wyclif. 1563, pp. 89-95; 1570, pp. 529-34; 1576; pp. 425-26, 1583; pp. 430-34.

Wyclif and Urban VI. 1563, pp. 98-101; 1570, pp. 545-48; 1576; pp. 440-42, 1583; pp. 445-47.

Wyclif and the Council of Constance. 1563, pp. 103-30; 1570, pp. 548-53; 1576; pp. 443-46, 1583; pp. 448-64.

Wyclif preached repentance but was disregarded. 1570, p. 39; 1576, p. 32; 1583, p. 32.

Wyclif was one of the authors whose books were banned by the proclamation of 1546. 1563, p. 676; 1570, p. 1427; 1576, p. 1216; 1583, p. 1246.

Thomas Patmore reported that a well sprang up where Wyclif's bones were burned. 1570, p. 1187; 1576, p. 1016; 1583, p. 1044.

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John Wymmesley

(d. 1556) (DNB)

Archdeacon of London (1543 - 1544); Archdeacon of Middlesex (1554 - 1556)

John Wymmesley gave an oration at the beginning of the 1553 Convocation (1570, p. 1571; 1576, p. 1340; and 1583, p. 1410).

Foxe calls him 'Wimbisley', 'Wimsley', 'Wymbisley', 'Wymbysley', or 'Wymsley'

1583 Edition, page 1434
John Wymmesley

(d. by 10/10/1556) [Fasti]

BCL; archdeacon of St Paul's (1543 - 54); archdeacon of Middlesex (1554 - 56)

Edmund Bonner and John Wymmesley examined Anne Askew after she had been imprisoned in the Counter in 1545. 1563, p. 671; 1570, pp. 1414-15; 1576, p. 1206; 1583, p. 1235.

Wymmesley witnessed Anne Askew's confession. 1563, p. 673; 1570, p. 1416; 1576, p. 1207; 1583, p. 1237.

1583 Edition, page 1259 | 1583 Edition, page 1261
John X

(d. 929) [Kelly]

Deacon; archbishop of Ravenna (905 - 14;)

Pope (914 - 28); defeated the Muslims in Italy; was deposed, imprisoned, then suffocated

John X was the son of a priest. 1570, p. 1319; 1576, p. 1129; 1583, p. 1154.

1583 Edition, page 1178
John XII (Octavian)

(c. 937 - 964) [Kelly]

Pope (955 - 64)

Illegitimate son of Alberic II; patrician of Rome 954; controversial private life. He crowned Otto I in 962, but intrigued against him; he was deposed in December 963, restored in February 964

He was said to have mutilated cardinals and to have been killed by a jealous husband. 1563, p. 2.

John XIII

(d. 972) [Kelly]

Bishop of Narnia; Otto I's candidate for pope

Pope (965 - 72); imprisoned in the Castle of Sant' Angelo, escaped; permitted to return 966; crowned Otto II joint emperor with his father in 967

John XIII wrote to King Edgar, telling him to appoint only monks as bishops and to replace the secular prebendaries at Winchester with monks. 1570, p. 1350; 1576, p. 1152; 1583, p. 1181.

1583 Edition, page 1205
John Xiphilinus

(fl. latter half C11)

Historian of Constantinople; monk; nephew of John Xiphilinus, patriarch of Constantinople

Produced an abridged version of the C2/3 Roman history of Cassius Dio Cocceianus

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 76; 1576, p. 52; 1583, p. 51.

1583 Edition, page 74[Back to Top]
John XIV ( Peter Campanora)

(d. 984) [Kelly]

Bishop of Pavia 966; imperial chancellor of Italy

Pope (983 - 84) Elected pope after the death of Benedict VII; imprisoned by the returned Boniface VII; died of starvation in prison

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1563, p. 2.

John XV (XIV)

(d. 996) [Kelly]

Cardinal-priest of S. Vitale; pope (985 - 96); succeeded Antipope Boniface VII; forced to flee to Sutri in 995. Some later chroniclers give another John reigning four months before this one: this pope did not exist

John XV was the son of a priest. 1570, p. 1319; 1576, p. 1129; 1583, p. 1154.

1583 Edition, page 1178
John XVII (XVIII) (John Sicco)

(d. 1003) [Kelly]

Pope (16 May 1003 - 6 November 1003)

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1563, p. 11.

John Young

(1514 - 1580)

DD (1553). Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge (1536). Original founder of Trinity College, Cambridge (1546). Vice-chancellor of Cambridge (1553 - 1554). Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge (1554 - 1559). Regius professor of divinity (1555). Deprived of all preferments under Elizabeth. Imprisoned (1561 - 1579). Removed to Wisbech castle and died there. (DNB)

On 3 October 1553, Young challenged one 'maister Pierson' for ministering communion in his parish and refusing to say mass. On 5 October Pierson was discharged from his living (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 26 October 1553, John Young, acting on Stephen Gardiner's authority and in the presence of a Dr Walker, discharged John Madew as Master of Clare on the grounds that he was married. Madew was replaced by Roland Swynborne (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

On 31 October 1553 Young sharply reproved one 'maister Thrackolde' for challenging Young over his lenient treatment of Henry Bovell. Bovell had refused to swear to Mary's supremacy over the English church, as was still required by statute (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 3 November 1553 Young ordered the curate of the Round Church in Cambridge not to minister in the vernacular and declared that all services in Cambridge town were to be held in Latin (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 12 January 1554, Young called a congregation general at Cambridge, and ordered that a mass of the Holy Ghost be celebrated there on 18 February, Mary's birthday. This was done (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

John Young was one of the official disputants in the Oxford disputations of April 1554 (1563, pp. 932, 936-38 and 951-53; 1570, pp. 1591-93 and 1602-4; 1576, pp. 1358-59 and 1367-68; 1583, pp. 1428-30 and 1438-39).

[NB: A brief account of the Oxford disputations of 1554, printed only in 1563, mentions Young debating with Cranmer (1563, p. 933)].

According to Foxe, Young was present when William Glynn visited Ridley and asked Ridley's forgiveness for having spoken to him disrespectfully during Ridley's disputation on 17 April 1554 (1563, p. 971; 1570, p. 1618; 1576, p. 1380; 1583, p. 1451).

During Easter week William Wolsey conferred with Fuller, Christopherson and Dr Young. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Young told Wolsey that laymen should not meddle with scripture, to which Wolsey counter-argued using scripture. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Young was one of those who put the common seal of the University of Cambridge to the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

John Young was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside DrsYoung, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

On 14 January 1557, after the examination of the provost and vice-provost of Cambridge, Thomas Bacon invited Perne, Dr Young, Dr Harvey, Swinborne, and Maptide to come to dinner. His examination took place before Scot, Watson and Christopherson on 14 January 1557. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

John Hullier appeared before Shaxton, Young, Segewick, Scot, Mitch and others on Palm Sunday eve at Great St Mary's. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

1583 Edition, page 1452 | 1583 Edition, page 1462 | 1583 Edition, page 1475 | 1583 Edition, page 1490 | 1583 Edition, page 1739
John Young

(1514 - 1580)

DD (1553). Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge (1536). Original founder of Trinity College, Cambridge (1546). Vice-chancellor of Cambridge (1553 - 1554). Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge (1554 - 1559). Regius professor of divinity (1555). Deprived of all preferments under Elizabeth. Imprisoned (1561 - 1579). Removed to Wisbech castle and died there. (DNB)

On 3 October 1553, Young challenged one 'maister Pierson' for ministering communion in his parish and refusing to say mass. On 5 October Pierson was discharged from his living (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 26 October 1553, John Young, acting on Stephen Gardiner's authority and in the presence of a Dr Walker, discharged John Madew as Master of Clare on the grounds that he was married. Madew was replaced by Roland Swynborne (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

On 31 October 1553 Young sharply reproved one 'maister Thrackolde' for challenging Young over his lenient treatment of Henry Bovell. Bovell had refused to swear to Mary's supremacy over the English church, as was still required by statute (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 3 November 1553 Young ordered the curate of the Round Church in Cambridge not to minister in the vernacular and declared that all services in Cambridge town were to be held in Latin (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 12 January 1554, Young called a congregation general at Cambridge, and ordered that a mass of the Holy Ghost be celebrated there on 18 February, Mary's birthday. This was done (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

John Young was one of the official disputants in the Oxford disputations of April 1554 (1563, pp. 932, 936-38 and 951-53; 1570, pp. 1591-93 and 1602-4; 1576, pp. 1358-59 and 1367-68; 1583, pp. 1428-30 and 1438-39).

[NB: A brief account of the Oxford disputations of 1554, printed only in 1563, mentions Young debating with Cranmer (1563, p. 933)].

According to Foxe, Young was present when William Glynn visited Ridley and asked Ridley's forgiveness for having spoken to him disrespectfully during Ridley's disputation on 17 April 1554 (1563, p. 971; 1570, p. 1618; 1576, p. 1380; 1583, p. 1451).

During Easter week William Wolsey conferred with Fuller, Christopherson and Dr Young. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Young told Wolsey that laymen should not meddle with scripture, to which Wolsey counter-argued using scripture. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Young was one of those who put the common seal of the University of Cambridge to the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

John Young was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside DrsYoung, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

On 14 January 1557, after the examination of the provost and vice-provost of Cambridge, Thomas Bacon invited Perne, Dr Young, Dr Harvey, Swinborne, and Maptide to come to dinner. His examination took place before Scot, Watson and Christopherson on 14 January 1557. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

John Hullier appeared before Shaxton, Young, Segewick, Scot, Mitch and others on Palm Sunday eve at Great St Mary's. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

1583 Edition, page 1984 | 1583 Edition, page 2028[Back to Top]
John Young

(1514 - 1581/2) [ODNB]

College head; BA Cambridge 1535; MA 1539; BTh 1546; DTh 1553; vice-chancellor of Cambridge (1553 - 55); regius professor of divinity (1555/6); imprisoned 1558

Young was present at the deathbed of John Redman and discussed matters of religion with him. 1563, pp. 867-70; 1570, pp. 1537-39; 1576, pp. 1310-12; 1583, pp. 1360-62.

After John Redman's death, John Young sent a testimonial letter to John Cheke, praising Redman and his thoughts on religion. 1563, pp. 870-74; 1570, pp. 1539-41; 1576, pp. 1312-14; 1583, pp. 1362-64.

In the disputation at Cambridge in 1549, John Madew answered the first disputation, opposed by William Glyn, Alban Langdale, Thomas Sedgewick and John Young. 1570, pp. 1556-57; 1576, pp. 1326-28; 1583, pp. 1376-82.

In the same disputation at Cambridge in 1549, Andrew Perne answered the third disputation, opposed by Thomas Parker, Leonard Pollard, Thomas Vavasour and John Young. 1570, pp. 1556-57; 1576, pp. 1326-28; 1583, pp. 1385-88.

John Young was a deponent in the case of Stephen Gardiner. 1563, p. 846.

Doctors Smyth, Chedsey, Standish, Young and Oglethorpe recanted their earlier conservative positions by the last year of the reign of King Edward VI. 1570, p. 1522; 1576, p. 1323; 1583, p. 1373.

1583 Edition, page 1384 | 1583 Edition, page 1397 | 1583 Edition, page 1400 | 1583 Edition, page 1412
John Zonaras

(d. 1159) [E. V. Maltese, Lexikon des Mittelalters]

Byzantine chronicler and theologian; secretary to Emperor Alexius I Comnenus; wrote Compendium of History

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, pp. 88, 109, 119; 1576, pp. 61, 78, 85; 1583, pp. 61, 77, 85.

1583 Edition, page 84 | 1583 Edition, page 88 | 1583 Edition, page 100 | 1583 Edition, page 108
Johnson

of Essex.

Johnson, his wife and son, along with others of Essex, abjured. 1570, p. 1190; 1576, p. 1019; 1583, p. 1047.

1583 Edition, page 1071
Johnson

An apothecary. Of Worcester. Uncle of John Davis.

John Davis lived in the house of his uncle, Johnson. In 1546 Davis, who often read an English Testament, was complained of by Alice Johnson, his mistress. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

When Thomas Parton came to apprehend Davis, his uncle was forced against his will to bind Davis's arms behind him. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

1583 Edition, page 2097[Back to Top]
Joshua Hallingdale

Son of Alice and John Hallingdale. Of London.

Joshua Hallingdale was baptised in English. 1563, p. 1638, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, p. 1919, 1583, p. 2026.

1583 Edition, page 2050
Jovinus

Legendary Christian martyr under Hadrian; brother of Faustinus

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 66; 1576, pp. 40-41; 1583, p. 41.

1583 Edition, page 64
Joyce Bampton

of Bearsted, Kent; wife of John

Joyce Bampton abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
Joyce Hales

Wife of Humphrey Hales. Of Canterbury. Prominent sustainer of Marian martyrs, especially John Bradford and John Careless. Preached against the freewillers in Mary's reign. [See Thomas S. Freeman , 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Portestantism, ed. P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), pp. 134, 135.] Exile in Calais during Mary's reign. [ECL Ms.262, fos.233-4] [ODNB sub John Foxe]

Joyce Hales received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, pp. 1822-24, 1576, pp. 1558-59, 1583, pp. 1640-41.

[Referred to only as 'Joyce' and 'faithfull woman' in Bradford's letter.]

Joyce Hales was forced to flee Canterbury for fear of persecution. 1563, p. 1679.

Joyce Hales

Wife of Humphrey Hales. Of Canterbury. Prominent sustainer of Marian martyrs, especially John Bradford and John Careless. Preached against the freewillers in Mary's reign. [See Thomas S. Freeman , 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Portestantism, ed. P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (Cambridge, 2002), pp. 134, 135.] Exile in Calais during Mary's reign. [ECL Ms.262, fos.233-4] [ODNB sub John Foxe]

Joyce Hales received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, pp. 1822-24, 1576, pp. 1558-59, 1583, pp. 1640-41.

[Referred to only as 'Joyce' and 'faithfull woman' in Bradford's letter.]

Joyce Hales was forced to flee Canterbury for fear of persecution. 1563, p. 1679.

1583 Edition, page 1664[Back to Top]
Joyce Lewes

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Gentlewoman. Widow of one Appleby and then wife of Thomas Lewes. Of Lichfield.

Joyce Lewes was more concerned with her appearance than with religion in her early years. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2012.

She originally attended mass during Mary's reign, but then became troubled in her conscience when she heard of the death of Laurence Saunders. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2012.

Lewes lived close to John Glover and would often visit him to discuss why the mass was heretical. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2012.

John Glover instructed Joyce Lewes against catholicism. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes' husband became furious with her and forced her to attend church, where she turned her back when the holy water was cast. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

A citation was delivered to her husband who furiously insisted that the summoner return it, lest he would force him to eat it, which he forced him to do at dagger-point. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes and her husband were commanded to appear before the bishop. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Although her husband submitted, Joyce Lewes refused. The bishop gave her one month's respite and returned her to her husband, who was bound to the sum of £100 to return her to submit at the end of one month. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

When Joyce Lewes returned home, she began to pray and then went to visit John Glover, who instructed her. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

John Glover and others pleaded with Joyce Lewes' husband not to send her to the bishop and so forfeit the money but he refused. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes proved strong when examined and was thrown into prison. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

After she was condemned, Joyce Lewes remained in prison for a further twelve months, as the sheriff held off her execution. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

A writ was sent for from London ordering her death. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

On the eve of her death two priests of Lichfield came and met with Lewes at the under-sheriff's house, having sent word by the sheriff that they were coming to hear her confession. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, pp. 2012-13.

Joyce Lewes was examined by Draycot and Bayne in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in October 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Foxe recounts Lewes' actions the night before her death. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

The sheriff came to tell Lewes that she but one hour to live. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes was led through the town to her execution by a number of billmen, led by her friends, Michael Reniger and Augustine Bernher, to the place of execution. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Lewes became weak on the long journey to her execution, as she had spent so long inside the prison. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

A messenger was sent to the sheriff's house for food and drink for Lewes, as she was so weak. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

As Lewes took a drink, she said that she drank to all those who loved the gospel and desired the abolition of papistry. Several of the town's women drank from the same cup and were later forced to do penance. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Lewes died quickly at the stake, as the under-sheriff had, at the request of her friends, ensured that she would be dispatched quickly, probably through the use of gunpowder. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

1583 Edition, page 1979 | 1583 Edition, page 2036 | 1583 Edition, page 2047
Juan de Vergara

Secretary to the archbishop of Toledo [http://libro.uca.edu/longhurst/luther2-3.htm]; correspondent of Erasmus

Erasmus wrote to Juan de Vergara informing him of the fall of Thomas Wolsey and his replacement as chancellor by Sir Thomas More. 1570, p. 1130; 1576, p. 968; 1583, p. 994.

1583 Edition, page 1018
Juan de villa Garcia

Friar who became divinity lecturer of Magdalen College, Oxford. Succeeded Peter Martyr. [H. Hillerbrand (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation, 1996, sub Oxford University]

Witnesses to Cranmer's recantation were Henry Sydall, Friar John de villa Garcina. 1563, p. 1497, 1570, pp. 2062-63, 1576, p. 1780, 1583, p. 1884.

Friar John gave a sermon at Magdalen that deeply offended Palmer. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1936.

1583 Edition, page 1908[Back to Top]
Judes and Domuas

C4 martyrs at Nicomedia

They are mentioned by Foxe; 1570, p. 128; 1576, p. 93; 1583, p. 92.

1583 Edition, page 115
Judith Careless

In a letter to Elizabeth Bernher, John Careless indicates his love for his daughter Judith. 1563, p. 1280, 1570, p. 1888, 1576, p. 1618, 1583, p. 1712.

1583 Edition, page 1957
Julia Mamaea

(d. 235) [H. W. Benario, sub Severan Julias www.roman-emperors.org]

Younger daughter of Maesa; married Gessius Marcianus; mother of Severus Alexander. She effectively governed while Alexander was a minor and remained a dominant figure; assassinated with her son at Mainz

Mamaea sent for Origen, who remained for a time with her and Severus Alexander. She was killed with her son. 1570, p. 84; 1576, p. 58; 1583, p. 57.

1583 Edition, page 54 | 1583 Edition, page 80 | 1583 Edition, page 82[Back to Top]
Julian Hilles

of Tenterden, Kent; wife of Robert

Julian Hilles abjured in Kent in 1511. 1570, p. 1455; 1576, p. 1241; 1583, p. 1278.

1583 Edition, page 1302
Julian Living

Wife of William Living. Of Auborn, Lincolnshire.

Julian Living was held in London for her beliefs around the time that news of Mary's sickness began to spread. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2265, 1576, p. 1956, 1583, p. 2063.

She was examined before Darbyshire, Cluney and Dale and placed in Lollards Tower. 1563, pp. 1674-75, 1570, p. 2265, 1576, p. 1957, 1583, pp. 2063-64.

She was delivered by the death of Mary. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2265, 1576, p. 1957, 1583, p. 2063.

1583 Edition, page 2077 | 1583 Edition, page 2087
Julian the Apostate

(331 - 363) [W. E. Roberts and M. Di Maio www.roman-emperors.org]

Soldier; Roman emperor (360 - 63)

Neo-Platonist opponent of Christianity; died in battle against the Persians

Julian was responsible for the persecution of Christians. 1570, pp. 39, 137-38; 1576, pp. 32, 100-101; 1583, pp. 31, 99-101.

1583 Edition, page 54 | 1583 Edition, page 84 | 1583 Edition, page 94 | 1583 Edition, page 122
Juliana (St Juliana)

(d. early C4) [Catholic Encyclopedia] martyr

Bede gives a legendary account of her life and martyrdom

She is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 133; 1576, p. 96; 1583, p. 95.

1583 Edition, page 118
Juliana, Cosmas, Damianus and Basilinus

(d. early C4) Martyrs under Maximinus Daia

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 117; 1576, p. 84; 1583, p. 83.

1583 Edition, page 106
Julianus

C3 martyr under Decius at Alexandria

Julianus was an old man suffering from gout. He was whipped and then burnt. 1570, p. 88; 1576, p. 62; 1583, p. 62.

1583 Edition, page 85[Back to Top]
Julianus

Legendary son of Symphorissa; martyr

Julianus was racked and stabbed in the breast. 1570, p. 69; 1576, p. 46; 1583, pp. 45-46.

1583 Edition, page 68
Julins Palmer

(1525? - 1556)

Born in Coventry. Son of Roger Palmer, mercer or upholsterer, who was sheriff of Coventry in 1525 and 1533. Fellow of Magdalen, Oxford. Schoolmaster. Martyr. [ODNB]

Julins Palmer was a papist while at Oxford during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

He himself suffered at the hands of papists in Newbury in Berkshire. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

Julins Palmer was a scholar to John Harley in Oxford. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

Foxe recounts his character, early education and formative years. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

Shortly before the end of Edward VI's reign, slanderous notices were pinned up in Magdalene College, Oxford, about its president, Walter Haddon. Suspicion and blame were cast on Palmer, who was expelled. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2118, 1576, pp. 1840-41, 1583, pp. 1934-35.

After expulsion from Oxford, Julins Palmer became a teacher of children in the house of Sir Francis Knollys. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

He was restored to Magdalene, Oxford, under Mary. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

John Bullingham wrote a letter, dated 26 April 1563, about Julins Palmer's conversion and his own. He mentions Palmer's reading of Calvin. 1563, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1935.

Palmer became inquistive of martyrs who had died and their reasons. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

He sent a scholar to Gloucester to find out about the death of John Hooper. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

He went to the burning of Ridley and Latimer. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

Palmer read Peter Martyr's Commentaries on 1 Corinthians, borrowed from a Magdalene scholar. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

Cole, the president, abohorred Palmer and suspected his doctrinal beliefs. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1936.

Friar John gave a sermon at Magdalen that deeply offended Palmer. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1936.

Shipper, the bursar of the house, invited Palmer to dinner. Unbeknown to Palmer, the other guests included Friar John, Richard Smith and Dr Tresham. 1570, p. 2119 [no names given other than the friar's], 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Palmer refused to take the friar by the hand. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Palmer refused to take the cup from the friar. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Barwicke, an old acquaintance of Palmer's and sometime clerk at Magdalene, then fellow of Trinity, tried to turn Palmer back to catholicism. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1936.

Julins Palmer made a great search for books, including Morwyn's verses touching Winchester's epitaph. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

He resigned his fellowship to become schoolmaster in Reading. 1570, p. 2119, 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Julins Palmer's mother lived in Esham. Shipper and his brother told her of his approach on the way to Reading. He had gone to request some of his legacy. She refused and cursed him. 1570, p. 2120, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Alan Cope, fellow of Magdalene, gave suit, and he obtained a letter from Dr Cole to the preferment of a teaching post in Gloucestershire. 1570, p. 2120, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Palmer travelled with friends to Reading, where Master Hampton drew suspicion upon him and had him arrested. He was treated very badly by his jailor. He was placed in a dungeon for about ten days. 1570, p. 2120, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Julins Palmer's first examination was by the mayor, brought by Thomas Thackham (who had been in the teaching post that Palmer had taken). False witnesses against him were Cox, Cately and Downer. Articles were brought against him. 1570, pp. 2120-21, 1570, pp. 1842-43, 1583, 1937-38.

Julins Palmer's second examination on 10 July 1556 at Newbury was before Dr Geffre (chancellor of Salisbury), John Winchcomb, esquire, Sir Richard Abridges, Sir William Rainford [in 1576 and 1583], and the parson of Englefield. 1570, pp. 2121-23, 1576, pp. 1844-46,1583, pp. 1938-40.

John Moyer wrote Master Perry a letter which referred to John Bolton, Downer, Gately, Radley (now vicar of St Lawrence), Bowyer (a tanner) and Julins Palmer (who was indicted by Thackham). 1583, p. 2140.

Julins Palmer disputed with Barwick, MA, of Magdalen College, Oxford, who believed his doctrine would change if threatened with burning. 1583, p. 2141.

He was burned at Newbury on July 1556. He was thought to be dead, but raised his head and said 'Jesu' before he finally died. 1570, p. 2123, 1576, p. 1846, 1583, p. 1940.

[Variants for his first name are 'Julius', 'Joscelyn']

1583 Edition, page 1958 | 1583 Edition, page 2164
Julitta

Widow martyr who died under Diocletian

Julitta had abjured her Christian faith, but then refused to worship the Roman gods. She was burnt. 1570, p. 132; 1576, p. 96; 1583, p. 95.

1583 Edition, page 118
Julius

Said to be a senator under Commodus converted to Christianity; martyr

Julius was converted by Vincentius, Eusebius, Peregrinus and Potentianus. He denied the gods before the emperor, refused to sacrifice and was beaten to death. 1570, pp. 76-77; 1576, p. 52; 1583, p. 52.

1583 Edition, page 75[Back to Top]
Julius Dudley

Julius Dudley was examined by Draycot and Bayne and then later dismissed. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

1583 Edition, page 1979
Julius I (St Julius)

(d. 352) [Kelly]

Pope (337 - 52); involved in the Arian controversy

Appeals for judgement were made to Julius I. 1570, p. 23; 1576, p. 18; 1583, p. 18.

1583 Edition, page 33 | 1583 Edition, page 41 | 1583 Edition, page 1090
Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere)

(1453 - 1513) [Kelly]

Franciscan; nephew of Pope Sixtus IV; bishop of Carpentras 1471; cardinal priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli 1471; cardinal bishop of S. Sabina; papal legate in France (1480 - 82)

Pope (1503 - 13)

Julius II gave dispensation for Prince Henry (later Henry VIII) to marry his brother's widow. 1563, p. 456; 1570, p. 1192; 1576, p. 1021; 1583, p. 1049.

The indulgences granted by Pope Leo X to the guild of Our Lady at Boston had been granted previously by Innocent VIII and Julius II and were later renewed by Clement VII. 1570, p. 1347; 1576, p. 1150; 1583, p. 1178.

1583 Edition, page 1073 | 1583 Edition, page 1202
Julius III

Pope (1550 - 1555)

Born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte

Received a letter dated 30 November 1554 from King Philip of England announcing the restoration of Catholicism to England (1563, pp. 1011-12; 1570, p. 1650; 1576, pp. 1407-8; 1583, p. 1478).

Received a letter from Cardinal Pole, dated 30 November 1554, announcing the restoration of Catholicism to England (1563, pp. 1012-13 [in Latin, only in this edition]; pp. 1013-14; 1570, pp. 1650-51; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, pp. 1478-79).

Received a message from Parliament asking him to confirm the purchasers of monastic lands and chantry lands in their current ownership (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

Reconciled England to Rome and absolved the English (1563, pp. 1083-84; 1570, p. 1707; 1576, p. 1457;1583, p. 1531).

Issued a bull excommunicating anyone who retained monastic lands or Church property (1570, p. 1729;1576, p. 1477; 1583, pp. 1559-60).

Permitted homosexuality in the papal court (1563, p. 1117; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560).

Proclaimed a jubilee, presided over the Council of Trent and sponsored the shrine of Our Lady ofLoretto (1563, p. 1117; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560).

Foxe relates anecdotes concerning his gluttony (1563, pp. 1117-18; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583,p. 1560).

Stephen Gardiner issued instructions for Julius's funeral in April 1555 (1563, p. 1118; 1570, p. 1730;1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560).

A London woman was imprisoned for refusing to pray for Julius III at his funeral ceremonies (1563, p.1118; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560).

1583 Edition, page 112 | 1583 Edition, page 131 | 1583 Edition, page 138 | 1583 Edition, page 1502 | 1583 Edition, page 1503 | 1583 Edition, page 1555 | 1583 Edition, page 1583 | 1583 Edition, page 1978
Julius Martialis

(d. 217) [M. L. Meckler, sub Caracalla www.roman-emperors.org]

Roman officer in the imperial bodyguard; charged with assassinating Emperor Caracalla in 217; said to have been killed

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 39; 1576, p. 31; 1583, p. 31.

1583 Edition, page 54[Back to Top]
Julius Pomponius Lætus (Giulio Pomponio Leto)

(1425 - 1497) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

Italian humanist; founder of the academy at Rome; imprisoned, tortured on suspicion of heresy, released; continued to teach in Rome

He is mentioned by Foxe as a source: 1570, pp. 86, 94, 105; 1576, pp. 60, 66, 75; 1583, pp. 59, 66, 74.

1583 Edition, page 82 | 1583 Edition, page 89 | 1583 Edition, page 97
Justin Martyr (St Justin Martyr)

(c. 100 - 165) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

of Caesarea; Christian convert; writer. Studied philosophy, taught in Rome; martyr

Foxe gives an account of Justin's education and early life. 1570, pp. 72-73; 1576, pp. 48-49; 1583, pp. 48-49.

Justin related in his Apology how the behaviour of the Christian martyrs helped to stimulate his conversion to Christianity. 1570, p. 73; 1576, p. 49; 1583, p. 49.

After his baptism, he went to Rome and disputed with Crescens. 1570, p. 73; 1576, p. 49; 1583, p. 49.

Justin presented an apology to the emperor in defence of the martyrs and in opposition to Crescens. He predicted his own martyrdom through the procurement of Crescens. 1570, pp. 46-47, 64, 73-74; 1576, pp. 37, 44-45, 49-50; 1583, pp. 37, 44-45, 49-50.

1583 Edition, page 60 | 1583 Edition, page 64 | 1583 Edition, page 67 | 1583 Edition, page 71 | 1583 Edition, page 76 | 1583 Edition, page 94
Justina

Virgin; martyr under Diocletian with Cyprian of Antioch

She is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, pp. 129, 133; 1576, pp. 93, 96; 1583, pp. 92, 95.

1583 Edition, page 115 | 1583 Edition, page 118
Justinian I

(c. 482 - 565) [J. A. Evans www.roman-emperors.org]

Eastern Roman emperor (527 - 65)

Reformed legal code; reconquered Africa and Italy. Nephew of Justin

He was one of the emperors to whom the pope and the people of Rome submitted. 1570, p. 7, 1576, p. 6, 1583, p. 6.

1583 Edition, page 29 | 1583 Edition, page 40
Justinus

Legendary son of Symphorissa; martyr

Justinus was racked and his joints cut. 1570, p. 69; 1576, p. 46; 1583, pp. 45-46.

1583 Edition, page 68
Justinus

Roman Christian priest said to have been martyred under Decius

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 91; 1576, p. 64; 1583, p. 63.

1583 Edition, page 86[Back to Top]
Justus

Bishop of Jerusalem (107 - 113) [Catholic Encyclopedia sub Jerusalem]

He is mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 56; 1576, p. 35; 1583, p. 36.

1583 Edition, page 59
Justus (St Justus)

(d. 627x31) [ODNB]

Sent in 601 with others to reinforce Augustine's mission; first bishop of Rochester (604 - 24); attended a council of the Frankish church in Paris 614; fled into Francia upon the accession of Eadbald in Kent

Archbishop of Canterbury (624 - 27x31)

Justus accompanied Augustine and was consecrated bishop of Rochester by him. 1563, p. 18; 1570, pp. 158, 161; 1576, pp. 119, 121; 1583, pp. 118, 120.

Justus, as archbishop of Canterbury, consecrated Paulinus bishop of York. 1570, p. 163; 1576, p. 122; 1583, p. 121.

1583 Edition, page 141 | 1583 Edition, page 143 | 1583 Edition, page 144 | 1583 Edition, page 157[Back to Top]
Justus and Pastor

Legendary Spanish Christian boys martyred

They are mentioned by Foxe: 1570, p. 66; 1576, p. 41; 1583, p. 41.

1583 Edition, page 64
Justus Jonas

(1493 - 1555) [Hillerbrand]

German protestant reformer; studied law and theology at Erfurt; professor at Wittenberg and probst at the castle church 1521; at the Diet of Worms with Luther; bishop of Halle

Robert Barnes fled England and went to Germany, where he found favour with Luther, Melancthon, Bugenhagen, Justus Jonas, Hegendorph, Aepinus, the duke of Saxony and the king of Denmark. 1563, p. 603; 1570, p. 1366; 1576, p. 1165; 1583, p. 1194.

1583 Edition, page 1218
Juvenal of Jerusalem

Bishop of Jerusalem (420 - 58) [Catholic Encyclopedia]

The bishop of Jerusalem was a suffragan of Caesarea, but Juvenal ordained bishops and created a new diocese; he tried, but failed, to get the see of Jerusalem recognised as superior to that of Antioch

[Foxe calles him Polychron.]

1563, pp. 8-9.

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