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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1011 []

no fained, no spirituall, nor body in fayth, but the substaunce of the body.

Cran. It behoueth you to proue that Christ called that his body, that which was cōteined: nowe Christe sayd not (whiche is conteined: he gaue bread, & called that his bodye. I stick not nor doubt not in the wordes of the scripture, but in your worde whiche is feined and imagined of your selfe.

Ched. When Christ toke bread & brake it, what gaue he?

Cran. He gaue bread. The bread sacramentally, and his body spiritually, and the bread he called his body.

Ched. This aunswere is against the scripture, whiche sayth that he gaue his body.

Cran. It was a signifiyng thyng that they dyd eate.

Ched. They did not eate the body as the Capernaites did vnderstande it: but the self same body which was geuen for the sinnes of the worlde. Ergo it was his body whiche should be geuen, and his bloud whiche should be shedde.

¶ In some other copies I finde this argumēt to be made of Chedsey. The same bodye whiche was geuen for vs on the crosse is in the sacrament.

But bread is not the same bodye whiche was geuen on the crosse.

Ergo: Bread is not geuen in the sacramēt.

Cran. I denie the Maior: whiche is, the same naturally body is geuen in the sacramēt whiche was geuen on the crosse, except you vnderstand it spiritually. And after he denied also the argument as vtterly nought, as he myght well do, hauing the Minor and the conclusion both negatiue in the first figure. 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe reworded a syllogism made by Chedsey. In the 1563 edition, the syllogism concludes 'having the minor and the Conclusion both negative in the first figure' (1563, p. 943). In later editions the syllogism concludes: 'the major in the second figure being not universal' (1570, p. 1596; 1576, p. 1362; 1583, p. 1432). A curious feature of many of the corrections which Foxe made to this disputation in the 1570 edition, is that they made the Catholic arguments clearer and more forceful.

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When maister Chedsey had set forth this argument, and prosecuted the same, shewyng his iudgement, and maister D. Cranmer answered as before is shewed, D. Oglethorpe, one of those Doctours whiche maister Prolocutor called Censores (belike to be Arbitrers to order the disputatiōs) being stirred vp with maister Doctor Crāmers answeres, said on this wise.

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D. Ogle. You come in still with one euasion or starting hole to flie to. He vrgeth the holy scriptures, saiyng that Christe gaue his body only. You saye that he gaue his body in bread, Quomodo prædicatur corpus? qualis est corpus? qualis est prædicatio, panis est corpus?

Cran. You should saye, Quale corpus. I answere to the question. It is the same bodye whiche was borne of the virgin, whiche was crucified, whiche ascended: but tropically, and by a figure. And so I saye, Panis est corpus is a figuratiue speache, speaking sacramentally, for it is a sacrament of his body.

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This word (body) being prædicatum, doth signifie substaunce,

But substaunce is not predicated denominatiuely.

Ergo it is an essentiall predication: and so it is his true body, & not the figure of his body

Cran. Substantia may be predicated denominatiuely in an allegorie, or in a metaphore, or in a figuratiue locution.

Ogle. It is not a likely thinge that Christ hath lesse care for his espouse þe church, then a wyse housholder hath for his familie, in making his will or testament.

Cran. Your reason is drawen out of thaffaires of men, and not taken out of the holy scriptures.

Ogle. But no housholder maketh his testament after that sorte.

Cran. Yes, there are many that so do. For what makes it matter so it be vnderstode and perceiued? I say Christ did vse figuratiue speach in no place more, then in his sacramēts, and especially in this his supper.

Ogle. No man of purpose doth vse tropes in his testament. For if he do, he deceiueth them, that he comprehendeth in his testamēt. Therfore Christ vseth none here.

Cran. Yes, he may vse them well inough. You knowe not what tropes are.

Ogle. The good man of the house hath a respect, that his heires after his departure may lyue in quiet and without brablyng.

But thei cānot be in quiet if he do vse tropes.

Therfore (I say) he vseth no tropes.

Cran. I denie your Minor.

VVest. Austen in his booke entituled, (De vnitate ecclesiæ) of þe vnitie of the churche, the x. chapter, hath these wordes folowyng.

Quid hoc est rogo? Cum verba nouissima hominis morientis audiantur, ituri ad inferos, nemo eum dicit esse mentitum: Et illius non iudicatur hæres qui forte ea contempserat. Quomodo ergo effugiemus iram dei, si vel non credentes, vel contemnentes, expulerimus verba nouissima & vnici filij dei & domini nostri saluatoris, & ituri in cœlū, & inde prospecturi. Quis ea negligat? quis non obseruet et inde venturi, vt de omnibus iudicet? That is to say.

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what a thinge is this I pray you? when the last wordes of one lieng on his death bed are heard, which is ready to go vnto hel, no mā saith that he hath made a lye: and he is not accompted his heyr, which perhaps regardeth not those wordes. Howe shall we then escape gods wrath if either not beleuing or not regarding, we shal reiect the last wordes, both of the onely sonne of God, and also of our Lord and sauiour, both ascending into heauen, and loking downe from thence. who would despise them I saye? VVho would not reuerence those wordes being his, which shall also come from thence, that he may iudge al men?

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The argument is thus fourmed.

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