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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1021 []

vseth not his own wordes, but the wordes of Christe. Therfore the word of Christ maketh this sacrament. What worde? namely that worde, by whiche al thinges were made. The Lorde commaunded, and heauen was made: the Lorde commaunded, and the earth was made: the Lorde commaunded, and the seas were made: the Lorde commaunded, and all creatures were made: doest thou see therfore how strong in workynge the worde of Christ is? if therefore, so great strength be in the Lordes worde, that those thynges should beginne to be, whiche were not before, how muche the rather, is it of strength to worke that these thynges whiche were, shoulde be chaunged into another thynge.

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Ambrose sayeth, that the wordes are of strength to worke.

Cran. You omitte those thynges, which followe, which make the sense of Ambrose plain, reade them. 

Commentary  *  Close

In the Rerum, (p. 654) and 1563 (p. 933), Foxe identifies Cranmer as saying 'you omitte these thinges which followe, which make the sense of Ambrose plain, reade them'. In subsequent editions Weston is (correctly) identified as the speaker (1570, p. 1603; 1576, p. 1368; 1583, p. 1439).

Yōg. Cœlum nō erat, mare nō erat, terra nō erat. Sed audi dicentem: Ipse dixit & facta sunt, ipse mandauit & creata sunt. Ergo tibi vt respondeam, non erat corpus Christi ante consecrationem, sed post consecrationem dico tibi quod iam corpus Christi est.

That is. Heauen was not, the sea was not, the earthe was not, but heare hym that sayd: he spake the worde, and they were made: he commaunded, and they were created. Therfore to answere thee, it was not the body of Christ, before consecration, but after the consecration I say to thee, that now it is the body of Christ.

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Cran. All these thynges are commen. I say that God doothe chiefly worke in the Sacramentes.

Yong. How doth he worke?

Cran. By his power, as he doothe in baptisme.

Yong Nay by the worde, he chaungeth the bread into his body. This is the truth: acknowledge the truthe: giue place to the truthe.

Cran. O glorious wordes: you are to full of wordes.

Yong. Nay O glorious truthe: you make no chaunge at all.

Cran. Not so, but I make a great chaunge: as in thē that are baptised is there not a great chaunge when the chylde, of the bondslaue of the deuill is made the sonne of God? So it is also, in the sacrament of the supper, when he receiueth vs into his protection & fauour.

Yong. If he worke in the sacramentes, he worketh in this sacrament.

Cran. God worketh in his faythfull, not in the sacramentes.

VVes. In the supper, the wordes are directed to the bread: in baptisme to the spirite: he sayde not, the water is the spirite: but of the bread, he sayde: this is my body.

Cran. He called the doue the spirite, when the spirite descended in lykenes of a doue. 

Commentary  *  Close

The Rerum reads 'columbum vocat spiritum, cum spiritus descenderet in specie columbae' (Rerum, p. 655). Someone with an uncertain grasp of both theology and Latin translated this as 'he called the dove the spirit, when the spirit descended in lykeness of a dove' (1563, p. 953). In later editions, this was corrected to 'he calleth the spirit a Dove, when the spirite descended in likeness of a Dove' (1570, p. 1604; 1576, p. 1368; 1583, p. 1439). This is a recurring issue in the 1570 edition: the need to correct faulty Latin translations made in the 1563 edition.

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VVes. He dothe not call the spirite a doue: but he sayeth, that he descended as a doue. He was seen in the lykenes of a doue. As in baptisme, the wordes are directed to hym that is baptised, so in the super, the wordes are directed vnto the bread.

Cran. Nay it is wrytten: vpon whome so euer thou shalt see the spirite descendinge: he

calleth that whiche descended, the holy spirit, And Augustine calleth the doue the spirite. Heare what Augstine sayth in 1. Iohan. Quid voluit per columbam, id est, per spiritum sanctum? docere, qui miserat eum.

What ment he by the doue, that is, by the holy ghost? forsoth to teache, who sent hym.

Yong. He vnderstandeth of the spirite descending as a doue: the spirit is inuisible. If you mynde to haue the truthe heard, let vs procede. Let Ambrose be cited. Vides quam operatorius sit sermo Christi. Si ergo tanta vis in sermone domini &c. vt supra.  

Commentary  *  Close

In the edition of 1563, no translation was provided for the sentence 'Vides quam sit sermo Christi' (1563, p. 953). A sentence translating this as 'You see what a working power the word of Christ hath' was added in the 1570 edition (see textual variant 53).

That is.

Therefore if there be so great power in the Lordes word, that those things that wer not, begyn to be, how much more of strēgth is it to woorke that those things that were, should be chaunged in an other thynge

And in the fift chap. Antequam consecretur panis est: vbi autem verba Christi accesserint, corpus est Christi. That is to say: Before it be consecrated, it is bred, but when the wordes of Christ come to it, it is the body of Christe.

But heare what he sayeth more: Accipite, edite, hoc est corpus meum: Take ye, eate ye, this is my body.

Ante verba Christi calix est, vini & aquæ plenus: vbi verba Christi operata fuerint, ibi sanguis efficitur qui redemit plebem. That is.

Before the wordes of Christ, the cup is full of wyne and water: whan the wordes of Christ haue wrought, there is made the bloud of Christe, whiche redemed the people. What can be more playne?

Cran. Nay, what can be lesse to the purpose? the wordes are of strēgth to worke in this sacrament, as they are in baptisme.

Pie. The wordes of Christ (as Ambrose sayeth) are of strengthe to worke. What dooe they worke? Ambrose sayeth, they make the bloud, whiche redemed the people.

Ergo the naturall bloud is made.

Crā. The sacramēt of his bloud is made. The wordes make the bloud, to them that receiue it: not that the bloud is in the cuppe, but in the receiuer.

Pie. There is made the bloud whiche redemed the people.

Cran. The bloud is: that is, the sacrament of þe bloud: by which he redemed the people. (Fit) it is made, þt is to say, (ostenditur) it is shewed fourth there: and Ambrose saith: we receyue in a similitude. As thou hast receiued the similitude of his death, so also thou drinkest the similitude of his precious bloud.

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VVest. He sayeth in a similitude, because it is ministred vnder an other lykenes: and this is the argument.

There is made the bloud whiche redemed the people,

But the natural bloud redemed the people,

Ergo there is the naturall bloud of Christ. You aunswere: that wordes make it bloud to them that receiue it: not that bloude is in the cup, but because it is made bloud to them that receiue it. That all men may see, howe falsely you would auoyd the fathers, heare what Am-

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