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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1056 []

Actes and Monumentes of the church

thynges sette a parte, I mynde chiefly to haue respecte to the truthe. My firste question is this. Howe Christes body is in the Sacramente, accordynge to youre mynde or determination?

☞ Then aunswered a Doctoure: he is there as touchynge his substaunce, but not after the maner of his substaunce.

Harps. He is there in suche sorte and maner, as he may be eaten.

Cran. My nexte question is: whether he hathe his quantitie, and qualities, forme, figure, & such lyke properties.

Harps. Are these your questions, said mayster Harpesfielde? I maye lykewise aske you, when Christe passed through the Virgins wombe, an rupit necne? When they had thus a while contended, there were diuers mindes in it.

All the Doctours fell in a buszyng, incertain what to aunswer: some thought one way, som another: and thus mayster Doctours could not agree.

Then maister Cranmer sayd thus: you putte of questions with questions, and not with answeres: I aske one thyng of you, and you aunswere an other. Once agayne I aske: whether he haue those properties, whiche he had on the earth?

Tresh. No, he hath not al the quantities and qualities belongyng to a body.

Smith. Stay you maister Tresham: I wil answere to you mayster Doctour, as Damascene speaketh. Transformatur panis. &c.

The breade is transformed, and the wyne. &c. But yf thou wylt enquire how: (modus impossibilis) the maner is impossible.

☞ Thē two or thre other added their answers to this question, somewhat doubtfully. A great hurly burly was among them, some affirming one thing, and some affirming an other.

Cran. Doe you appoint a bodye, and cannot tell what maner of body? Eyther he hath not his quantitie, or els you are ignorant howe to aunswere it.

Harps. These are vaine questions, and it is not mete to spende the tyme on them.

west. Here me a whyle. Lanfrancus, some time bishop of Canterbury doth answer in this wise vnto Berengarius, vpon such like questions. Salubriter credi possūt, fideliter quæri nō possūt

They may be wel beleued, but neuer faithfully asked.

Cran. If ye thinke good to aunswer it, som of ye declare it.

Harps. He is there as pleaseth hymself to be there.

Cran. I would be beste contented wyth that answere, if that your appoyntinge of a carnall presence had not driuen me of necessitie to haue enquired for disputations sake how you place him there, sithens you will haue a naturall body.

☞ Whē agayn he was answered of diuers at one tyme, some denying it to be quantum, some

saying it to be quantitatiuum, some affirmynge modum quanti, some denying it, some one thyng some another: vp starte Doctor Weston, and doughtely decided, (as he thought) all the matter, saying: it is, Corpus quantum, sed non per modum quanti. It is a body (sayeth he) hauing quantity, but not accordyng to the maner of quantitie.

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☞ VVhereunto mayster VVarde, a great Philosopher,  

Commentary  *  Close

Ward was described as a philosopher in 1563 (p. 988), this was changed to 'sophister' in later editions (1570, p. 1629; 1576, p. 1390; 1583, p. 1461).

thynkyng the matter not fully aunswered, dyd largely declare and discourse his sentence: How learnedly and truely I cannot tell, nor I think he himself neyther, ne yet the best learned there. For it was sayd since, that farre better learned then he, layde as good eare to hym as they could, and yet could by no meanes perceyue to what ende all his talk tended. In dede he tolde a goodly tale  
Commentary  *  Close

The description of Ward's argument as a 'goodly tale' (1563, p. 988) was changed to a 'formall tale' (1570, p. 1629; 1576, p. 1390; 1583, p. 1461), probably to avoid appearing to commend him.

to cloute vp the matter. But somewhat he sayd. He was ful of Quantums and Quantitatiuums. This that foloweth, was, as is thought the effect. Yet others think no. Howbeit we wyll reherce the sūme of his words as it is thought he spake them.

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ward. We must consider (sayth he) þt ther are duæ positiones, two positions. The one standeth by the order of parts with respect of þe whole. The other in respect of that which conteineth. Christ is in þe sacrament in respect of þe whole. This propositiō is in one of Aristotles predicamēts called Situs. I remēber I did entreat these matters very largely, when I did rule and moderate the Philosophicall disputations in the publike scholes. This position is sine modo quātitatiuo, as by an ensample: you can neuer bring heauen to a quantitie. So I conclude that he is in the sacramēt quantum sine modo quantitatiuo.

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These wordes he amplified very largelye: & so high he climed into the heauens, with Duns his ladder, and not with the scriptures, that it is to be marueyled how he coulde come downe agayne without falling: to whom maister Crāmer sayd.

Cran. Then thus do I make my argument.

In heauen his bodye hath quantitye, in earth it hath none, by your saying.

Ergo he hath two bodies, the one in heauen the other in earth.

¶ Here som would haue answered him, that he had quantitie in both, and so put of the antecedent: but thus sayd maister Harpsfield.

Harps. I deny your argument, thoughe some would not haue had him sayd so.

Cran. The argument is good. It standeth vpon cōtradictories, which is þe most surest hold.

Harps. I deny that there are contradictions.

Cran. I thus proue it. Habere modum quantitatiuum & non habere, sunt contradictoria.

Sed Christus in cœlis vt dicitis, habet modum quātitatiuum, in terra non habet.

Ergo duo sunt corpora eius in quæ cadunt hæc contradictoria. Nam in idem cadere non possunt.

west. I deny the minor.

Harps. I answere that the maior is not true. For habere quantū, et non habere, nō sunt cōtradictoria nisi si cōsiderauerint eiusdē ad idem, eodem modo & simpliciter.

west.
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