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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1067 []

eaten both in the Eucharist, and also other wise, as is before declared. In the Eucharist sacramētally to be eaten. On the croße, and also in the word spiritually.

To the 30.

Marginalia30. To the maior he aunswereth: the true bloud and the same bloud which issued out of his syde is in the cup: but not after the same māner. Frō his side it stremed really, and substancially. In the cuppe it is sacramentally, that is, by waye and condicion of representation, so by hym ordayned. The question is not of being: for that is graunted on both parties, but of the manner of being, which now in heauen is reallye, in the receiuers is spiritually, in the Eucharist sacramētally,

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To the 31.

Marginalia31The minor is thus to be vnderstande: breade and wine, as it is cōmō bread and cōmon wine haue no promise: but as they be sanctified into a sacramēt of the Lordes body and bloud, they haue promise of grace adnexed, but so adnexed, that not they thē selues haue or geue the grace, but they are onely as instrumentes wherby grace cōmeth, not for their sake, but for that thing which they represent.

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To the 32.

Marginalia32.This argumēt of doctour Smith lacketh his right shape and forme, hauing 4. termes &c. farther to the sequele which he inferreth vpon this argument: but Christ bare him selfe in his owne handes, Ergo he bare no figure of his body &c. To this is aunswered by a distinction: really and sacramentally. Really neither Dauid nor Christe did beare hym selfe in his own hands: MarginaliaD. Smith falsifieth the wordes of Augustine. sacramentally Dauid could not bear him selfe, but Christ so did at the supper, and that Austē meaneth, addyng this word, quodam modo, after a certayne manner, expounding thereby his wordes before. And thus doctor Smith falsely and craftely leaueth out, in alleging the doctors wordes.

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¶ To the 33.

Marginalia33. Euill men doo eate the naturall body of Christe he graunteth, but only sacramentally, that is, that thing whiche beareth a sacrament of the naturall bodye of Christ: but good men eate the same both sacramentally and spiritually.

To the 34.

Marginalia34.To the Maior he answereth: we worship the same naturall body of Christe, which the wise men did worship, but not after the same maner: that is not really here ‚sent to our bodies, as he was to theirs, but spiritually or sacramentally. And so we worship christe spirituallye in his woorde, and scriptures, and yet we say not that he is really present in the scriptures.

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Resolutions to the arguments obiected against maister Latimer.
To the 35.

Marginalia35.To the maior of this argument, mayster Latimer aunswereth him selfe sufficiently, in the line before. pag. 983. col. i. lin. 22. As touchinge drinkinge of bloud, it is forbidden in the old testament, and commaunded in the newe, as touching the matter, but not as touchinge the manner of the thing, &c.

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To the 36.

Marginalia36.First he denieth the maior: secondly he distincteth the woorde (church) in the minor. For as there is the true church of christ, which he neuer suffreth to erre in the whole, from the Apostelles time, allthoughe it may in parte sometime: so there is the popish church, and that erreth, and hath erred, which fyrst begat the erroure of transubstantiation, in the time of Pope Innocentius. 3. about the yeare. 1215.

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☞ Here followeth a copie of the letter of warraunte,

sent from the Quene to Richard Atkinson Mayor of Oxford, Richard Iuery, and William Tony Baylifes, and the rest of the Aldermen and inhabitauntes of the same citie, concerning the custody and bringing forth of the sayd Byshops to the disputations.

¶ To our trusty and welbeloued the Mayor, Aldermen, and other thinhabitauntes of the citie of Oxford.

TRusty and welbeloued, we greete you well. And where D. Cranmer, late Archbishop of Caunterbury, D. Ridley, and Hugh Latimer clarke, now remaining in your custody, by your appointmēt haue besides other their great crimes, maintained and openly sette forth diuerse heresies and erroneouse and most pernicious opinions, contrary to the catholike fayth of Christ his church, to the great offēce of allmighty god, and euyll and daungerous exāple of all our faythfull and louinge subiectes: like as it hath bene wisely cōsidered in the conuocation of the bishops, prelates, and other the clergy of this our realme that the heresies moued and nourished by the forsayde persons, and other their adherents, being no lesse perillous for the state of our realme, then hurtfull to the settinge fourth of gods glorye, and the furtheraunce of the catholike religion, are meete to be by lerning conuinced and ouer throwne in time so haue they for that purpose appointed certain graue and well lerned doctours and others, as wel of that our vniuersity of Oxford, as of our vniuersity of Cambrige, to heare in open disputations the sayed Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimar, so as their erroneous opiniōs, beīg by the worde of god iustly and truly conuinced, the residew of our subiects may be therby the better established in the true catholike fayth. We therefore, minding to haue the trueth of Christs catholique religion sette fourth, and iustlye established among our louing subiects, to his glory and benefite of this our realme, doo let you weete, our will and pleasure is, that when, and as often as the sayde learned persons, appointed for that purpose, shall require you, to cause the sayde Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer, euery or any of them, to be brought to the place of open disputation, you shal not only geue order for the saulfe conueying thither of them, or any one or two of them, at the howers to them to be appoynted but also to receiue them again into your custody, to be kept altogethers, or seuerally, as the commissioners shal appoynt, frō time to time, vntill farther order shalbe taken in this behalfe, accordingly. Yeauen vnder our signet at our Manor of Sainte Iames the xi. of Aprill, and first yeare of our raign.

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ON friday followinge, which was the xx. of April 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe transposed a description of the condemnation of Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer from the first informant's account of the Oxford disputations (see textual transposition 6). These passages first appeared in the Rerum (pp. 704-05), demonstrating that Foxe had obtained the first informant's account while he was in exile. The description of the procession and of Latimer's reaction to it is particularly interesting. The identification of 'Augustine Cooper' (see 'Augustine Kyrke' - "Personal Identifications") as a catchpole was accurate and confirms the accuracy of the first informant and his status as an eyewitness.

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the cōmissioners sat in Saint maries church, where D. Weston particularly discoursed with them, that they should subscribe, who because the refused so to do, by & by the sentēce of the condēnation scholastical was red against thē by D. Weston. In Dei nomine Amen: Cum Reuerēdus in Christo pater D. Edmundus permissione diuina Londinensis, &c The whiche condemnation, because of the superfluous tediousnes therof, hauing els nothinge in it worthy to be knowen, we haue here omitted. After which cōdemnatiō what the prolocutor with other did & sayd, and what were the godly aunsweres of the bishops agayne, bycause it is expressed before, we refer the reader to the same place, which is pag. 936.

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These
VVv.ij.
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