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625 [569]

reth a mayne to haue the knowledg of þe truth suppressid, and letteth that it cannot come abroade for to be seane. I say therfore agayne I know of no particuler adherents ne or none þt hath so promised me to be in these matters. And though I did I would not (except I knew that charyty so required which I do not finde yet hetherto) detecte ne bewray any one of thē for no mannes pleasure: For I am bounde to obey God aboue men. Who be with vs and graunt the truth to be knowen. Amen.

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These articles, gentill and frendly reader, when ye see them written and directed to the Archbishop of Canterbury (as the wordes and tenor of the same do declare) thou must vnderstand that this Archbishop was not Cranmer but Doctour Warham. Wherby it may be cōceiued and gathered, how this good and godly lerned mā was lōg before þe time þt he disputid fore þe king or was cōdempned to death, the order of which his death and martirdō here foloweth in story and also in table to be expressed.

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Vpon the daye that was appointed for him to suffer, this holy martir of god was brought out of the pryson, at viii. of the clocke in the morning, vnto the house of the Lorde Cromewell, and so caried in to his inward chamber, where as it is reported of many that Cromewel desired him of forgiuenes for that he had done 

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It is highly unlikely that Cromwell would have had someone condemned by the king brought to his and that he would have sought the condemned man's forgiveness. This anecdote has to regarded as another attempt by Foxe to alleviate the embarrassment caused by Lambert's having been denounced by other evangelicals.

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. There at the last, Lambert being admonished, that the houre of his death was at hand he was greatly comforted & chered, and beinge brought out of the chamber into the halle, he saluted the gentlemen, and sat downe to break fast with them, shewing no maner of sadnes or feare. When as breakfast was ended, he was caried straight way to the place of execution, wheras he should offer him selfe vnto the Lord a sacrifice of swete sauor 
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See Ephesians 5:2; this is a common martyrological trope.

, who is blessed in his saintes for euer and euer Amen.

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The order and manner of the deathe and burninge of the constant martir in Christ Ihon Lambert.

The order and maner of the burning of the constante Martyr in Christ, Iohn Lambert.
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Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The trial and death of John Lambert alias Nicholson was extraordinary in many respects, and filled many pages of Foxe's book. Coming as it did at a critical phase of Henry VIII's remoulding of the English church, when eucharisitic doctrine threatened to upset applecarts in England itself, as well as its continental relations, and when the king's leading aides (both Cranmer and Cromwell) were covertly heading in directions quite other than those congenial to the king, Lambert's case was threatening. He was initially examined by Archbishop Warham on 45 articles, but it was his sacramentarian heresy that proved critical, and accounts for the space allotted to him in the 'Book of Martyrs' as well as the royal presence presiding at his final trial. He was burned at Smithfield on 22 November 1538. Another unusual feature of Lambert's case is the close relationship between Foxe's text and image. Author and designer here worked together, integrating word and image. Foxe described the peculiar horror of this burning, and the block-maker faithfully portrayed his words, that described how after Lambert's legs had been consumed 'up to the stumps', his 'tormentors' pulled back the fire and attacked him with their pikes 'after the manner and form that is described in the picture adjoined'. After which Lambert, 'lifting up such hands as he had, and his fingers' ends flaming with fire', cried out 'none but Christ, none but Christ', before he collapsed and fell into the fire. As it happened, the illustrator responsible for this block was peculiarly fitted to the task. For we can reasonably assign to him a group of woodcuts that share recognizable characteristics: a pyre with gatherings of straight logs; writhing flames that have partings (like those in hair); flames that lick around the martyr's arms (and sometimes dart from the hair); outstetched armsand splayed fingers (specially suiting this case). (He almost specialised in 'fingers flaming with fire'). Blocks that shared these features included several used in the first edition that proved awkward in size, and were abandoned or (unsatisfactorily) trimmed. (Examples are the burnings of William Sawtry, Alexander Gouch and Driver's wife, and Bishop Ferrar. If the maker of these cuts was also given assigments in the larger woodcuts, we might assign this one to him). CUL copy: the tips of the flames in this copy are depicted in red. Additional detail is provided in ink in this copy.

The
FF.iii.
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