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745 [687]

chang the order and maner of any fasting day that is so commaunded, nor of cōmon prayer or deuine seruice. otherwise then is specified in these Iniūctyons, vntyl such tyme as the same shalbe otherwise ordered and transposed by the kings autoryty.

MarginaliaChurch mē to haue the testament both in latten and english with the paraphraseAlso that persone, vicare, curate chauntrye priest and stipendary, being vnder the degree of a bacheler of deuinyty, shal prouide and haue of his own, within thre moneths after this visitation, the new testament both in latten and english, with paraphrasis vpon the same of Erasmus, and diligently study the same, conferring the one With the other.

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And the bishopps and ordinaries by them selues, or there officers in there Synodes and visitations shall examine the sayd ecclesiasticall persones, how they haue profited in the studye of scripture 

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Injunction 20 is designed to eliminate ignorance of the New Testament on the part of clerics.

. MarginaliaThe gospel and epistle to be red in the heringe of the people.Also in the time of high masse with in euery church he that saieth or sīgeth the same shall rede or cause to be redde the Epistle and Gospell of that masse in Englishe and not in laten in the pulpit or in such conuenient place as the people may here the same. And also euery sonday & hollyday, they shal plainly and distinctly reede or cause to be red one chapter of þe new testament in englishe, in the saide place at mattens, imediatly after the lessons, and at euē songe, after magnificat, one chapter of the olde testament. And to the intent the premisses may be more conueniently done, the kings maiestes pleasure is, that when. ix. lessons should be red in the church, three of them should be omitted and left out with there respondes. And euensōg time, the respondes with al the memories shal be left out for that purpose 
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In requiring the reading of passages from the Old and New Testaments in vernacular translation, Injunction 21 represents the starting point in a radical departure from the Latin service that survived England's 1534 schism from the Church of Rome. Readings from the Great Bible in conjunction with those from the forthcoming Book of Homilies (Injunction 32) and Book of Common Prayer (forthcoming in 1549) would comprise a wholly new church service in the English language. King, English Reformation Literature, pp. 123-38.

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Also bycause those persons which be sick and in perill of death be oftentimes put in dispaire by the craft and subtiltie of the deuil, who is thē most busy, and speciallye with them, that lacke the knowledg, sure perswasion, and stedfast beliefe, that they may be made pertakers of the greate and infinite mercy, which almighty god of his bountifull goodnes, and meere liberality without our deseruing, hath offred frely to al persones, that putteth there full trust and confidence in him. MarginaliaComfortable placs of the scripture to be prouided for of church men to comforte and stay there flocke in grace against desperation.Therefore that this dampnable vice of dispayre, may be clearly taken awaye, & firme beliefe and stedfast hope, surely conceaued all there parishoners being in any dāger, they shall lerne and haue alwayes, in a redines such comfortable places and sentences of scripture, as doo set forth, the mercy, benefites, and goodnes of almighty God towardes all penitent & beleuing persones, that they maye at all times when necessity shall require comfort promptly ther flock, with the liuely word of God, which is the only stay of mannes conscience.

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Marginaliaprocessions layd down.Also to avoyde all contention & strife, which here tofore hath risen emonges the kinges maiesties subiectes in sondry places of his relmes and dominions by reason of fonde curtesy, and chalenīg of places in processiō, about the church or church yard, or other place, but imediatlye before high masse, the priestes with other of the quier, shall knele in the middest of the churche and sing or say playnly or distinctly the letanye which is set fourth in english, addinge nothing therto. But as the kinges grace shall hereafter appoynt, and in cathedrall or colligiat churches the same shallbe doone in suche places, as oure commissioners in our visitation shal appoynt.And in the time of the leatny, of the high masse, of the sermon, and when the priest readeth the scripture to the parishoners, no manner of persones without a iust and vrgent cause, shall depart out of the church, and all ringing and knoling of belles, shalbe vtterly forborne for that time except one bell in couueuiente time, to be ronge and knowled before the sermon. 

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Injunction 23. The 1544 Litany was the first component in the vernacular worship service contained in the Book of Common Prayer (forthcoming in 1549).

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MarginaliaThe true vsing of the holy day.Also like as the people be commenlye occupied on the woorkeday with bodilye labor, for theyre bodilye sustenaunce, so was the holye day at the first beginning godly instituted, and ordeined, that the people should that day geue them selues wholy to god, and whereas in our time god is more offended, then pleased, more dishonored, vpon the holyday bycause of idlenes, pride, dronkennes, quareling, and brawling, which are most vsed in such dayes, people neuertheles, perswading them selues sufficiently to honor God on that day, if they here masse and seruice, though they vnderstand nothinge to there edifieng, therefore all the kinges faithful and louing subiectes, shal from hence fourth celebrate, and kepe there holyday according to gods holly will and pleasure that is in hering the word of God red and taught, in priuate and publike prayers, in knoledging their offences to God, in amendmēt of the same, in recōciling them selues charitably to ther neighbors wher displeasure hath bene, In oftentimes receiuing the communion of the very body and blode of Christ, in visyting of the poore and sicke, in vsing al sobernes and godly conuersation. Yet notwithstanding al persones vicars & curates shal teache and declare vnto there parishoners that they may with a safe and quiet couscience, in the time of haruest, labor vpon the holy and festiual dayes. And saue the thing which God hath sent, and if for any scrupulosity, or grudge of consciens men should superstitiously abstein from working vpon those dayes, that thē they should greuously offend and displease god. 

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Injunction 24.

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MarginaliaDiligent preparation to be fore ming communionAlso for as much as variance and contentiō is a thinge which most displeseth god & is most contrary to the blessed communyon of the body and blud of oure sauioure christ, curates shal in no case admyt to the receauing therof, any of there cure and flocke, who hath maliciously and openly contended with his neyghbour, vnlesse the same do first charytably & openly, reconcile hym selfe agayne, remittyng al rancor and malyce what so euer controuersye hath bene betwene them. And neuertheles there iust tytles and ryghts they may charytably prosecute before such as haue autoryty to here the same. 

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Injunction 25.

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MarginaliaA godly charge geuē to euery beneficed minister to preach personally, twise at lest in the yere: and what to preach.Also that euery deane, Archdeacon, mayster of colegyat church, mayster of hospytal, and prebendary, beyng pryest shall preach by hym selfe personaly twise euery yeare at the least eyther in the place where he is intituled, or in some church wher he hath iurysdyctyō, or els whych is to the sayd place appropryat or vnited. 

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Injunction 26.

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Also that they shal instruct and teach in their cures that no man ought obstynatly and malicyously, breake and violat the laudable ceremonies of the church, by the king commaunded to be obserued, as yet not abrogated.

And one the other side that who so euer doth superstitiously abuse them, doth the same to the great peril of his soule health: as in castinge hollywater vpon his bedde, vpon images and other deade thinges, or bearynge aboute him

holie
QQ.iii.
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