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see so many prophetes of God, euen Christ him selfe the sonne of God, to bee so manye wayes afflicted in this world, sweatyng, chauffyng, beaten, and crucifyed: and yet we laugh, drink, and addicte our selues vnto al pastime, geuing our selues to lasciuious plaies, putting. garlādes on our heades, and folowing dronkennes. For honour and great possessions we contēd. we buylde, we gaspe, and gape to make our selues riche. Vnto whome were not this sufficient: with a safe and sounde body to be free from theyr afflictions, rackes, wheles, ringes, balles of leade, plates, gredirons, fleshe hokes and malletes, and other kinde of tormentes. that we myght serue Christ, but that we, gyuing our selues ouer to all kinde of vice and filthines, shoulde be caried away at the wyll and pleasure of Sathan? But what do we thinke in thus doing? either those men to be most miserable in thys lyfe, or els oure selues to bee moste vnhappye. If theyre blessednes be moste certayne and sure, let vs also direct the course of our lyfe to the same felycity. These men haue put of this lyfe, which they might haue kept. But albeit that we cannot put of our lyfe, let vs not be slowe to amend, and correct the same: and though we cannot dye wyth them in lyke martyrdom, yet let vs mortyfy the worldly, and prophane affections of the fleshe, which stryue agaynst the spirite: & at þe least take hede that we run not hedlong into the licentious desires of the worlde. Now sence the lyfe of christians is such: these bonds, prisones, these woundes and scarres, yea these greate fyres, and other crewell tormentes of martires, especially of this bolde champion which we haue here in hande, I pray you what other thinge do they, then vpbraid vnto vs our slouthfull sluggishnes, and worthely make vs ashamed therof: which if in their liues, they lyued so innocently, and in theyr death continued so constant, what is there to be thought of our folysh deintynesse, which suffer nothing for Christ, and wyll not take vpon vs the small conflicte agaynst vices, and our own affections? How would we suffer the cruel lokes of Tirantes, the fearfull kindes of tormentes, or the violente assaultes of the tormentors, & hangmen in any quarel of godlines, if in peace and quietnes we are so faint harted, that in euerye smal breath or winde of temptacion we are caried awaye from God, and without any gainestryuing, are hedlongs caried to all kinde of licenciousnes, anger, vengeaunce, malice, slaunder, and couetuosnes, and to knit the matter vp with one woord, into al kinde of euill and mischefe? One singeth songes of loue, a nother watcheth al the night at dice, some spend theyr lyfe and tyme day by day in hawking, and huntyng: some typple so at Tauernes, þt they come home ree-ling. Others, whatsoeuer desyre of reuenge doth put into their heades, doe by and by seke to put it in practise. One is madde for the desire of riches, and another through ambicion is ready to fall besyde himselfe. There be some whiche thinke that they are borne for no other purpose, but onelye for pleasure and pastyme. All the world is full of iniury and periury: nay rather, it is so rare a thing pacientlye to suffer iniuries doone vnto vs, that excepte we haue the sleight to do iniurie to other, we thynke our selues scarce men. Ther is scarce any loue of charitie amonges men: neyther is there any man that regardeth the good name or fame of his neyghbour.

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But amonges all the reste, vnsatiable couetousnesse and auarice hath so crept in, that no man is nowe contented with any tolerable estate of lyfe, eyther that wyll prescribe himself any measure in hauyng, or getting to hymself riches, that he may at once lyue in quiete, but alwayes to be heaping somewhat to his vnsaciable desires: whereby it happeneth that the myndes of Cristen menne, beyng occupyed in wordlye matters, they can scarcely finde anye vacant leysure to thinke vpon heauenly thinges. And yet notwithstandyng, with these myndes we wyl nedes seme Christians: when as amonges the Ethnick Poets, there was neuer complaynt made agaynste the manours of the Gentiles, whiche same hath not nowe taken place amonges the Christians. But now, settyng apart these complaints spent in vayn, we wyl prosecute our purposed story touching Gardiner.

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And fyrst of all, as touchyng his kynred, he was of an honest stocke, borne at Bristow, a towne of marchaundise, on the Sea coaste of England, honestly brought vp, and by nature geuen vnto grauitie, of a meane stature of bodye, a comely and pleasaunt countenance, but in no part so excellent, as in the inwarde qualities of his mynd, which he alwayes from his Childhode, preserued wtout spot of reprehēsiō. 

Commentary  *  Close

Gardiner's examinations by the Portuguese confirm that he came from Bristol but also contain a detail that is not in Foxe; Gardiner claimed that he had studied at Oxford (Thomas S. Freeman and Marcello J. Borges, '"A grave and heinous offence against our holy Catholic faith": Two Accounts of William Gardiner's Desecration of the Portuguese Royal Chapel in 1552', HistoricalResearch 69 (1996), pp. 3 and 16).

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Also his handsome & indifferent learnyng dyd not a litle increase these ornaments. When he grewe vnto those yeares, at whiche yong men are accustomed to settle theyr myndes to some determinate state of lyfe, it happened that hee gaue hymselfe to the trade of marchaundise, vnder the conduct and guidyng of a certain marchant, whom they of Bristowe called mayster Paget, by whome he was at the last (beyng of the age of. xxvi. yeres, or thereabout,) sent into Spayne: and by chaunce the shyp arryuyng at Lishbone, (which is the chiefe citie of Portugale) he taryed there about his marchaundise: whereas, at the laste he hauyng gotten vnderstandynge of the language, beyng accustomed vnto theyre maners, he became a profitable seruant, both vnto his maister, and others, in

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