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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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988 [920]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

fast, my loynes being gyrded about with veritie, hauing on the brest plate of ryghteousnes, & shod with the shoes prepared by the Gospel of peace, aboue all thynges takyng to me the shylde of fayth: wherewith I may be able to quenche all the fiery dartes of the wicked, and takyng the helmet of saluation and the swearde of the spirite whiche is thy moste holy worde: praying alwayes with all maner of prayer and supplication, that I maye alwayes referre my selfe to thy wyll, abidyng thy pleasure, and comforting my selfe with those troubles that it shall please thee to sende me: seyng suche troubles be profitable for me, and seyng I am assuredly perswaded that it cannot be but well, all that thou doest. Heare me O mercifull father for his sake. whom thou woldest should be a sacrifice for my synnes: to whome with thee and the holy ghoste be all honour and glory. Amen.

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Here followeth a letter or epistle of the foresayd Lady Iane, written to a certayne learned man, whome both I knowe, and coulde also here nominate, if I were disposed: but partely reuerencyng the worthy learnyng of the persone, and partly againe trustinge and hopyng of some better towardnes of the partie hereafter: I haue so sette forth this her zelous letter to the man, that neither he be any thyng thereby made the worse (being by me as yet vnknowen) and others with him selfe also maye be made the better, in that both they may take hede thereby not to fall in the lyke: and he also beyng graciously and secretly admonyshed may recouer the fall, and auoyde the peryll, whiche I pray the Lorde (if his wyll so bee) he may.

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¶ The Lady Iane to a learned man of late falne from the truth of gods moste holy word for feare of the world. 
Commentary  *  Close

The evolving headings to this letter - from a letter to an unnamed 'learned man of late falne from the truth' (1563, p. 920) to a letter to 'M. H. late Chaplayne to the Duke of Suffolk' (1570, p. 1582; 1576, p. 1399) and finally a letter to 'M. Harding late Chaplayne to the Duke of Suffolk (1583, p. 1420), as well as the appearance of marginal notes in the edition of 1570 identifying Harding and describing his apostasy in detail, (see textual variant 204M and textual variant 205M) reflect Foxe's increasing desire to embarrass Thomas Harding (Jewel's adversary and a bitter critic of the Actes and Monuments.

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S O ofte as I call to mynde the dreadfull, and fearfull sayinges of god: that he which laith holde vpon the plough and looketh backe againe, is not mete for the kingdome of heauen: And on the other syde, to remember the comfortable words of our sauiour Christe, to all those that forsaking them selues, do folowe him: I cannot but meruell at thee, and lamente thy case: that thou whiche sometyme wast the lyuely member of Christ: but now the defourmed impe of the diuel, some tyme the beutifull temple of God: but now the stinking and filthy kenell of Sathan, sometyme the vnspotted spouse of Christe, but now the vnshamfast paramour of AntiChrist, somtime my faythful brother: but now a straūger and Apostata, Yea some time a stout Christē souldier: but now a cowardly rūaway. So ofte I saye as I consider the threatninges and promyse of God to all those that faithfully loue hym, I can not but speake to thee: yea, rather crie out vpon thee, thou seade of Sathan, and not of Iuda, whome the deuyll hath deceiued, the worlde hath begyled & the desier of lyfe subuerted, and made thee of a Christian an Infidell. Wherfore hast thou taken vpon thee, the testament of the Lorde in thy mouth? Wherfore hast thou preached the lawe and the wil of God to others? Wherefore hast thou hetherto yelded thy body to the fier, and to the bloudy hādes of cruell tyrauntes? Wherfore hast thou instructed other to be strong in Christ, when thou thy selfe

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doest nowe so shamefully shrinke, when thou thy selfe doest now so horriblie abuse the testament and lawe of the Lorde? when thou thy self preachest, not to steale, yet moste abhominable stealest, not from men but frō God, and as most heinous sacrilege robbest Christe thy Lorde of his right members, thy body and thy soule, when thou thy selfe doest rather chose to lyue myserably with shame to the worlde, then to die and gloriously with honour to reigne with Christ, in whō euen in death is life: and when I saye, thou thy selfe art moste weake: then thou oughtest to shewe thy selfe most strong. For the strengthe of a forte is not knowen before the assault, but thou yeldest thy holde before any battrie made. O wretched and vnhappy manne, what art thou but dust & ashes? And wilt thou resist thy maker that fashioned thee and framed thee? Wilt thou nowe forsake him that called thee from the custome gathering amōg the Romyshe Antichristians, to be an Ambassadour & messenger of his eternall wordes? He that fyrst framed thee, and since thy first creation & birth, preserued thee, norished and kept thee, yea and inspyred thee with the spirite of knowledge (I cā not say of grace) shal he not now possesse the? Darest thou delyuer vp thy selfe to another, being not thine owne, but his? How canst thou hauing knowledge, or how darest thou neglect the lawe of the Lorde: and folow the vaine traditions of men? And where as thou haste bene a publicke professour of his name, become now a defacer of hys glory? yea? wylt thou refuse the true God, and worshippe the inuencion of mā, the golden calfe, the whore of Babilon, the romish religion, the abominable idol, the most wicked masse: wilte thou torment agayne, rent and teare the most precious body of our Sauiour Christ, with thy bodely and fleshly teeth? Without the breaking wherof vpon the crosse, our sinfull sinnes coulde els no wayes be redemed? Wilt thou take vpon the to offer vp anye sacrifice vnto God for our synnes? Cōsidering that Christ offered vp him selfe (as Paule saith) vpon the crosse a lyuely sacrifice once for all?

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Can neither the punishmēt of the Israelites (which for theyr idolatry so oft they receaued) moue the, neither the terrible threatininges of the auncient prophetes stirre thee, nor the curses of gods owne mouth feare the to honour any other God then him? Wilte thou so regard hym, that spared not hys deare and only sonne for the, so diminishing, yea, vtterly extinguishing his glory, that thou wilte attribute the prayse and honour to idols, whiche haue mouthes and speake not, eyes and se not, eares and yet heare not: which shall perish with thē that made them? What sayth the prophet Baruche, Where he reciteth the epistell of Ieremy, writtē to the captiue Iewes? Did he not forewarne thē, that in Babilō they should se gods, of gold, siluer, wood, & stone, borne vpon mens shulders, to cast a feare before the heathen: but be not ye afraid of them (sayth Ieremy) nor do as other do. But when you se other worship them saye you in your hartes: it is thou (O Lorde) that oughtest only to be worshipped: for as for the timber of those gods, the Carpenter framed them and polished them, yea, gylded be they, & layed ouer with siluer, and vayne thinges: and cannot speake. He sheweth more ouer, the a-

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buse

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