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1002 [1002]

K. Henry. 8. The opinions and penaunce of them that abiured.


Vxbrige.
Owburne.
Henley.
VVycame.
VVestwycame.

Newbery.
Burford.
Wytney.
Hungerford.
Vpton.

VVynsore.
London.
Colmonstret in Londō.
Chepeside in London.
Shordich by London.

S. Gyles in London.
Essex.
Suffolke.
Northfolke.
Norwyche.

The bookes and opinons, whiche these were charged withall, and for the whiche they were abiured, partly are before expressed, partly here followeth in a brief Summarye to be sene.

¶ A briefe Summe of their opinions.

MarginaliaEx Regist. Fol. 32.THe opinions of many of these persons were, that he or she neuer beleued in the Sacrament of the aultare, nor euer would, and that it was not as men did take it.

MarginaliaIbid.For that he was knowen of his neighbour, to be a good felow, meanyng that he was a Knowen man.

MarginaliaFol. 33.For saying that he would geue xl. pence, in cōdition that such a one knew so much, as he did know.

MarginaliaFol. 34.Some for saying, that they of Amersham, whiche had bene abiured before by Byshop Smith, were good men, & perfect Christians, & simple folke whiche could not aunswere for them selues, and therfore were oppressed by power of the Byshop.

MarginaliaIbid.Some for hydyng other in theyr barnes.

Some for readyng the Scripture or treatises of Scripture in Englishe: some for hearyng the same read.

Some for defendyng: some for marying with them whiche had bene abiured.

MarginaliaFol. 36.Some for saying that matrimony was not a Sacramēt.

Some for saying, that woorshippyng of Images was Mawmetrey: some for callyng Images carpenters chyppes: some for callyng them stockes and stones: some for callyng them dead thynges.

MarginaliaFol. 33.Some for saying that money spent vpon pilgremage, serued but to mainteine theues and harlots.

Some for callyng the Image in the Rood lofte blocke almighty.

MarginaliaFol. 37.Other for saying that nothyng grauen with mans hand was to be worshipped.

MarginaliaFol. 40.Some for callyng them fooles, whiche came from M. Iohn Shorne 

Commentary  *  Close

John Schorne (or Shorne) was a priest renowned for his personal sanctity and zealous pastoral care of his flocks. Although never canonized, there was a flourishing cult to him and his shrine at Windsor was a popular place of pilgrimage on the eve of the Reformation.

in pilgremage.

MarginaliaIbid.An other for callyng his vicare a pol shorne priest.

MarginaliaIbid.An other for callyng a certeine blynd chappell beyng in ruine, an old fayre milkhouse.

MarginaliaFol. 4.An other for saying, that he threshed God almighty out of the straw.

MarginaliaFol. 34.An other for saying, that almes shoulde not be geuen, before it did swete in a mans hand.

MarginaliaFol. 35.Some for saying, that they whiche dye, passe straight either to heauen, or hell.

MarginaliaFol. 9.Isabell Bartlet was brought before the Bishop and abiured, for lamentyng her husband when the Bishops man came for hym, and saying, that he was an vndone mā, and she a dead woman.

MarginaliaFol. 45.For saying that Christ departyng from his disciples into heauen, sayd: that ones he was in sinners handes, and would come there no more.

Robert Raue hearyng a certeine Bell in a vplandyshe steple, sayd: loe yonder is a fayre Bell, and it were to hang about any cowes necke in the towne: and therefore, as for other such lyke matters mo he was brought coram nobis.

Item, some for recauyng the Sacrament at Easter, and doubtyng whether it was the very body, and did not confesse their doubt to their gostly father.

Some for saying that the pope had no authoritie to geue pardon or to release mans soule from sinne, and so from payne, and that it was nothing but blinding of the people, and to get their money.

MarginaliaThe order of penance.The penaunce to these parties enioyned by this Iohn Longland Byshop of Lyncolne, was almost vniforme & all after one condition, saue onely that they were seuerally committed and diuided into seueral and diuers monasteries, there to be kept and founde of almes all their lyfe, excepte they were otherwise dispensed with by the Byshop: as for exāple I haue here adioyned the Bishops letter for one of the sayde number, sent to the Abbay of Ensham, there to bee kept in perpetuall penaunce. By which one, an estimatiō may be taken of the rest, which were bestowed lykewise sunderly into sundry Abbayes, as to Osney, to Fredeswyde, to Abyngdon, to Tame, to Bissetor, to Dorchester, to Notley, to Ashrygs, and diuers moe. The copye of the byshops letter sent to the Abbot of Ensham, here foloweth vnder written. 

Commentary  *  Close

This document has not survived and it was probably copied into the lost courtbook of Bishop Longland.

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¶ The Bishops letter to the Abbot of Ensham.

MarginaliaThe copie of the byshops letter to þe abbot of Ensham.MY louyng brother, I recommend me hartlye vnto you: and where as I haue, accordyng to the lawe, put this bearer R. T. to perpetuall penaunce within your monastery of Ensham, there to lyue as a penitent, and not otherwise, I pray you, and neuerthelesse, accordyng vnto the law, commaund you to receaue him, and see ye order him there accordingly to his iniunctions whiche he will shewe you, if ye require the same. As for his lodgyng, he will bring it with him. And his meate and drinke, he may haue such as ye geue of your almes. And if he can so order him self by his labor wtin your house in your busines, wherby he may deserue his meate and drinke, so may you order hym, as ye see cōuenient to his desertes, so þt he passe not the precincte of your monestery. And thus fare you hartly well from my place. &c.

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As touchyng the residue of the penaunce and punishement inflicted to these men, they do litle or nothyng disagree, but had one order in them al. The maner and forme wherof in the sayd Byshops Register doth procede in cōdition as foloweth.

¶ Penaunce enioined vnder payne of relaps by Iohn Longland Bishop of Lyncolne, the xix. day of December. an. 1521. 
Commentary  *  Close

This document has not survived and it was probably copied into the lost courtbook of Bishop Longland.

MarginaliaEx Regist. Fol 90.
Penaunce inioyned to these adiurates vnder payne of relaps.
IN primis that euery one of them shall vppon a market day, such as shalbe limited vnto them in the market time, go thrise about the market at Burford, and then to stand vp vpon the hyest grece of the Crosse there a quarter of an houre, with a fagot of woode euery one of them vpon hys shoulder, and euery one of them once to beare a fagotte of wode vpon their shoulders, before the procession vpon a Sonday, whiche shalbe limitted vnto them at Burford, frō the quere dore goyng out, to the quere dore goyng in, and all the hye Masse tyme to holde the same fagot vpon theyr shoulders, kneling vpon the grece afore the hye altar there, and euery of them lykewise, to do lykewise in their owne parishe Church, vpō such a Sonday as shalbe limited vnto them: and once to beare a fagot at a generall procession at Oxbrige, when they shalbe assigned therto: and once to beare a fagotte at the burnyng of an hereticke, when they shalbe monished therto.

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Also euery one of them to fast bread and ale onely euery Friday during their life, & euery euen of Corpus Christi, euery one of them, to fast in bread and water duryng theyr lyfe, vnlesse sickenesse vnfained let the same.

Also to say euery of them euery Sonday and euery Friday during their life, once our Lady Psalter, and if they forget it one day, to say as much an other day for the same.

Also they nor none of them, shall not hyde the merke vppon their cheke, neither with hatte, cap, hode, kerchief, napkyn, nor none otherwise, nor shall not suffer theyr beardes to growe past xiiij. dayes, nor neuer to haunt agayne together, with any suspect person or persons, vneles it be in the open markette, fayre, church or common Inne or alehouse, where other people may see their conuersation.

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And all these iniunctions they and euery of them, to fulfill with their penaunce, and euery part of the same, vnder payne of relaps.

And thus haue you the names, with the causes and the penaunce of them, whiche were at this present tyme abiured. By the which word, Marginalia* Abiured what it signifieth.* abiured, is ment that they were constrayned by their othe, swearyng vpon the Euāgelistes, and subscribyng with their hand, and a crosse to þe same, that they did vtterly & voluntarely renounce, deteste, and forsake, and neuer should hold hereafter these, or anye other lyke opinions, contrarye to the determination of the holy mother Churche of Rome: and further, that they should detect vnto their ordinarye, whom

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so
DDd.iij.
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