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1319 [1319]

K. Henry. 8. The aunsweres of Iohn Lambert, to the Byshops Articles.

MarginaliaHow the pope is the successour of Peter, and how not.chosen is the successor of S. Peter, folowinge S. Peters godly liuing. And els, except hee study to do diligētly, þt he may be so called worthily, it shall be but a vayne name. For rather maye hee ells be reputed an Image of a Pope, or of a Bishop accordinge as suche be called of the Prophet: O Pastor & Idolum: O Idoll shepeheardes. MarginaliaZach. 11.

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¶ Aunswere to the. 45. Article.

MarginaliaTo the last article.In the. xlv. where you aske, whether euer I haue promised at any tyme by an oth, or made any cōfederacy or leage with any persone or persones, that I woulde alway hold and defend certein conclusions or articles seeminge to me and to my complices ryght and consonante vnto the faith? MarginaliaIoh. Lambert required to detect his felowes.and will that I shoulde certifye you of the course and forme of the sayde opinions and conclusions by rowe, and of the names and surnames of them that were to me adherent, and promised to be adherent in this behalfe: I saye, that I do not remember, that euer I made pact or confederacye with any persone or persones, ne made anye promise by othe, that I would alwaye holde and defende anye cōclusions, or articles seeming to me and other, right and consonant to the faith, vnlesse it hath chaūced me to say in this forme; that I would neuer with the aide of God, forsake ne decline from the truth, neither for feare, nor yet for loue of a man or men.

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Thus I haue perhaps sayd in some time, or some place, because I haue in deede so intended, and do entend, Gods grace assistinge me. But I can not yet tell you, whether I haue so sayed or no, nor to what persons, ne at what tyme, neyther in what place. Neither I do recken me to haue anye complices, but suche as do loue me, and I thē, for God and in God. And those do I recken all them that are or wil be truly Christen, in calling vpon Christes name. And concerninge opinions or conclusions, I can tell you of none other, then I haue shewed: MarginaliaAll the opinions of Iohn Lambert ingrossed in two propositions.the sūme wherof I recken and thinke vtterly be concluded in two propositions, whiche both are written in the new Testament.

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MarginaliaThe first proposition.The first is in the actes of the Apostles in this wise: Christus est caput anguli, nec est in alio quoquam salus. Non enim aliud nomē sub cœlo datū est inter homines, in quo oporteat nos saluos fieri. That is to say: Christ is the head corner stone of our faith, whervpon it should be set and grounded: neither is saluatiō in any other, for there is none other name vnder heauen geuen amongest men, wherin we may be saued. MarginaliaAct. 4.This is the one of the propositions, wherin is ingrossed or cōprehended my sayinge, which S. Paul doth thus otherwyse explicate: Christ is made of God our wisdome, our rightuousnes, our purenes, or satisfaction, and our redemption. Marginalia1. Cor. 1.And in another place: There is none other foundatiō, that any man may put, except that which is already put, that is Christ Iesus.

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MarginaliaThe second proposition.The other proposition is written of the Prophete Esay, and recited of our Sauiour in the Euangelie of Mathew, in these wordes: Men do worshyp me in vayne teaching doctrines and preceptes, or lawes humaine. MarginaliaEsa. 29.Of this writeth Paule very largelye in diuers places, and euery where welnigh. Amongest other, Collos. 2. where he warned the Collossians to take heede that no manne do spoile them, or steale them away, by philosophye or vayne deception, according to the constitutions of men, and ordynaunces of this worlde. MarginaliaColloss. 2.Thus I do certifye you of all the opinions and conclusions, which I entend, or haue entended to sustaine, being contayned in the two propositions aboue written. Other holde I none, but suche as are mentioned in the Crede, both that is songe at Masse, and also in the other Crede, that all people doo dailye saye euery day.

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Finally, that you require to know of the names and surnames, in order particularly of them, that bee to me adherentes, or that haue promised me to bee adherent in thys parte: I say, that I know of none particular, that I remember, without I should note vnto you a great multitude, which you may know, and heare of (I suppose) through all regions and realmes of Christendome, that do thinke lykewise, as I haue shewed. MarginaliaThe number of gospellers wel ny halfe Christendome.I wene the multitude mounteth nygh vnto the one halfe of christēdome: and more should do likewise, by a great sorte within a while (I doubt not) but that our ghostly enemy laboreth a mayne, to haue the knowledge of the truth suppressed, and letteth, that it can not come abroad for to be sene. MarginaliaIoh. Lambert denyeth to detect any by his othe. I say therefore agayne, I know of no particular adherents, ne of none þt hath so promised me to be in these matters. And though I did, I would not (except I knew that charity so required, whiche I do not finde yet hetherto) detecte, ne bewray any one of them, for no mans pleasure: For I am bound to obey God aboue mē. Who be with vs and graunt the truth to be knowen. Amen.

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MarginaliaThese aunsweres of Lābert were geuē to Warham Archb. of Cant.These aunsweres of Iohn Lambert, to the. 45. Articles aboue expressed, were directed and deliuered to Doct. Warham Archbyshop of Caunterbury, as it appeareth, about the yeare of our Lord. 1532. at what tyme, MarginaliaLambert at Oxford in custody.the sayd Lambert was in custody in the Archbyshops house of Otford, being there destitute of al helpe and furniture of bookes, as by hys owne woordes is to be gathered. MarginaliaThe death of Archb. Warham.But so þe prouidence of God wrought for Lambert, that within short space after, an. 1533. the sayd Archbyshop Warham dyed: whereby it seemeth that Lambert for that tyme was deliuered. MarginaliaDoct. Cranmer ambassadour to the Bishop of Rome.In this meane while Doct. Cranmer was sent ouer in Ambassage, with the Earle of Wylshyre, Doct. Stokesley, Doct. Kerne, Doct. Benet, and other learned men, to the Byshop of Rome lying then at Bonony, MarginaliaCranmer offered disputations before the pope and Emperour in the kings cause.to dispute the matter of the kynges mariage, openlye first in the Courte of Rome, then in the Courte of the Emperour. Where after sondry promises, and appointementes made, yet when the tyme came, no man there appeared, to dispute with thē, in these ij. propositions: MarginaliaTwo propositions of Cranmers.1. That no man, iurè diuino, could or ought to mary hys brothers wife. 2. That the Byshop of Rome by no meanes ought to dispense to the contrary. But of this more copiously we will entreate (the Lordes grace permittyng) in the sequele of our story, cōmyng to Doct. Cranmers lyfe.

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MarginaliaDoct. Cranmer made Archbishop of Cangterbury.After the death of William Warham, succeded in that sea the sayd Doct. Cranmer. MarginaliaLambert deliuered out of custody.Lambert in the meane season beyng deliuered, partly by the death of this Archbyshop, partly by the commyng in of Queene Anne, returned into London, MarginaliaLambert taught children about the stockes.and there exercised hym selfe about the Stockes 

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The Stocks was a market in central London.

, in teachyng children, both in þe Greke, & Latine tongue. And for somuch as Priests in those dayes could not be permitted to haue wyues, he left his priesthode, and applyed him selfe to that function of teachyng, entendyng shortly after also to be free of the Grocers, and to bee maryed. But God, who disposeth all mens purposes after hys secret pleasure, dyd both intercept hys mariage, and also his freedome, and maryed hym to hys sonne Christ Iesus, as now consequently foloweth to be declared.

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Marginalia1538.Thus then after that Iohn Lambert now had continued in this vocation of teachyng, with great commēdation, and no lesse commoditie to the youth: it happened this present yeare. 1538. hee was present at a Sermon, in S. Peters Churche at London. He that preached was named MarginaliaDoct. Taylor Byshop of Lincolne, who after was depriued in Queene Maryes time, and dyed. 1554.D. Taylor, a man in those dayes not farre disagreeyng from the Gospell, and afterward in the time of kyng Edward was made Bishop of Lincolne, and at last in the tyme of Queene Mary was depriued from the same, and so ended hys lyfe, among the confessours of Iesu Christ.

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MarginaliaLambert seeketh conference with the preacher.Whē þe Sermon was done, Lambert hauing gotten oportunitie, went gently vnto þe preacher to talke with hym, and vttered diuers argumentes wherein he desired to be satisfied. MarginaliaThe fyrst occasion of Lamberts trouble.All the whole matter or controuersie was cōcerning the Sacramēt of the body and bloud

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