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1649 [1611]

Queene Mary. Disputation of Doct. Ridley Byshop of London at Oxford.

Marginalia1554. Aprill.pietie in that sense whych the wordes seeme to import, is thys: that they leaning to the foundation and theyr fond transubstantiation, would make the quicke and lyuely body of Christes flesh (vnited and knit to the diuinitie) to lye hyd vnder the accidentes and outward shewes of bread and wyne. MarginaliaThe falsenes of the third proposition reproued.Whych is very false, as I haue sayd afore, and they building vpon this foundation, do hold that the same body is offered vnto God by the Priest in hys dayly Massinges, to put away the sinnes of the quicke and the dead. Whereas by the Apostle to the Hebrewes it is euident that MarginaliaBut one sacrifice in the Scripture.there is but one oblation, & one true & lyuely sacrifice of the church offered vpō the aultar of the crosse, which was, is, and shall be for euer, the propitiation for the synnes of the whole world: and where there is remission of þe same, there is (sayth the Apostle) no more offring for synne.

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¶ Argumentes confirming his aunswere.

MarginaliaThe first argument. Heb. 5.Ce- 
Commentary  *  Close

The first and second syllogisms of Ridley's arguments confirming his answer to the third proposition are recast to change what were oral arguments into more correct and logically balanced syllogisms (cf. 1563, p. 962 with 1570, p. 1611; 1576, p. 1374; 1583, p. 1445).

The fifth syllogism of Ridley's arguments confirming his third proposition was recast for the same reason (cf. 1563, p. 962 with 1570, p. 1611; 1576, p. 1374; 1583, p. 1445).


No sacrifice ought to be done but where the priest
is meete to offer the same.
la-
All other Priestes be vnmeete to offer sacrifice pro-
pitiatory for sinne, saue onely Christ:
rent.
Ergo, no other Priestes ought to sacrifice for sinne
but Christ alone.

The second part of my argument is thus proued.

MarginaliaArgument.Fe- 
Commentary  *  Close

The first and second syllogisms of Ridley's arguments confirming his answer to the third proposition are recast to change what were oral arguments into more correct and logically balanced syllogisms (cf. 1563, p. 962 with 1570, p. 1611; 1576, p. 1374; 1583, p. 1445).

The fifth syllogism of Ridley's arguments confirming his third proposition was recast for the same reason (cf. 1563, p. 962 with 1570, p. 1611; 1576, p. 1374; 1583, p. 1445).


No honour in Gods Church ought to bee taken
wherunto a man is not called, as Aaron.
ri-
It is a great honor in Gods church to sacrifice for
sinne:
son.
Ergo, no man ought to sacrifice for sinne but onely
they which are called.

But onely Christ is called to that honour:

Ergo, no other priest but Christ ought to sacrifice for sinne.

That no man is called to this degree of honour but Christ alone, it is euident: For there are but two onely orders of Priesthood allowed in the worde of God: namely the order of Aaron, and the order of Melchisedech. MarginaliaHeb. 7. But now the order of Aaron is come to an ende, by reason that it was vnprofitable, and weake: and of the order of Melchisedech there is but one Priest alone, euen Christ the Lorde, whych hath a priesthood that can not passe to any other.

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¶ An other Argument.

Ba-
That thyng is in vayne and to no effecte, where no
necessitie is wherefore it is done.
ro-
To offer vp any more sacrifice propitiatory for the
quicke & the dead, there is no necessitie: for Christ
our Sauiour dyd that fully & perfectly once for all.
MarginaliaHeb. 9.co.Ergo to do the same in the Masse, it is in vayne.

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An other Argument.

MarginaliaAb vna causa veritatis ad propositionem habētem illam causam, valet consequentia.Fe-
After that eternall redemption is found and obtay-
ned, there nedeth no more dayly offering for þe same.
ri-
But Christ comming an high Bishop. &c. found and
obtained for vs eternall redemption:
o.
Ergo there needeth now no more dayly oblation for
the synnes of the quicke and the dead.

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¶ An other argument.

Ca- 
Commentary  *  Close

The first and second syllogisms of Ridley's arguments confirming his answer to the third proposition are recast to change what were oral arguments into more correct and logically balanced syllogisms (cf. 1563, p. 962 with 1570, p. 1611; 1576, p. 1374; 1583, p. 1445).

The fifth syllogism of Ridley's arguments confirming his third proposition was recast for the same reason (cf. 1563, p. 962 with 1570, p. 1611; 1576, p. 1374; 1583, p. 1445).


All remission of synnes commeth onely by sheeding
of bloud.
mes-In the Masse there is no sheeding of bloud:
tres.
Ergo in the masse there is no remissiō of sinnes: & so
it foloweth also þt there is no propitiatory sacrifice.

¶ An other argument.

In the Masse the passion of Christ is not in veritye, but in a mistery representing the same: yea euen there where the Lordes supper is duly ministred,

But where Christ suffereth not, ther is he not offered in verity: for the Apostle sayth: MarginaliaHeb. 9. Not that he might offer vp himselfe often tymes (for then must he haue suffered often tymes sith the beginning of the worlde): now where Christ is not offered, there is no propitiatory sacrifice:

Ergo in the Masse there is no propitiatory sacrifice: For Christ appeared once in the later ende of the worlde, to put sinne to flight by the offering vp of him selfe. And as it is appoynted to all men that they shall once dye, and then commeth the iudgement: euē so Christ was once offered to take away the sinnes of many. And vnto them that looke for him, shall he appeare agayne without sinne, vnto saluation.

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¶ An other argument.

Da-
Where there is any sacrifice that can make the com-
mers therunto perfect, there ought men to cease frō
offring any moe expiatory & propitiatory sacrifices.

ri-
But in the new testament there is one only sacrifice
nowe already longe since offered, which is able to
make the commers thereto perfect for euer:
j.
Ergo in the new testament they ought to cease from
offering any more propitiatory sacrifice.

¶ Sentences of the scripture tending to the same end and purpose, out of which also may be gathered other manifest arguments, for more confirmation thereof.

BY the whych wyll (sayth the Apostle MarginaliaHeb. 10.) we are sanctified, by the offering vp of the body of Iesus Christ once for all. And in the same place: But this man, after that he had offered one sacrifice for sinne, sitteth for euer at the right hand of God. &c. For with one offering hath hee made perfecte for euer them that are sanctified, and by him selfe hath he purged our sinnes. I besech you to marke these wordes Marginalia[By him self.][by him selfe] the whych well weyed, wyll wythout doubt cease all controuersy.

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The Apostle plainly denieth any other sacrifice to remayne for him that treadeth vnder hys feete the bloud of the Testament by the which he was made holy. Christ will not be crucified agayne, he will not his death to be had in derision.

MarginaliaColloß. 1.He hath reconciled vs in the body of hys flesh. Marke I besech you, he sayth not, in the mystery of hys body: but in the body of hys flesh.

Marginalia1. Iohn. 2.If any man sinne, we haue an Aduocate with the father, Iesus Christ the righteous, and he is the propitiation for our sinnes: not for oures onely, but for the sinnes of the whole world.

I know that all these places of the Scripture are auoyded by two maner of subtill shiftes: The one is by the MarginaliaThe popish distinction betwen the bloudy & vnbloudy sacrifice. distinction of the bloudy and vnbloudy sacrifice: as though our vnbloudy sacrifice of þe Church were any other then the sacrifice of prayse and thākes geuing, then a commemoration, a shewyng forth, and a Sacramentall representation of that one onely bloudy sacrifice offered vp once for all.

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MarginaliaThe Papistes maintain their sacrifice propitiatory, by the olde Doctors falsly wrasted.The other is by deprauing and wrasting the sayinges of the auncient fathers vnto such a straūge kynd of sense, as the fathers them selues in dede neuer ment. For what the meanyng of the fathers was, it is euident by that which S. Augustine writeth in his Epistle to Boniface, and in the 83. Chapter of his 9. booke agaynst Faustus the Manichee, besides many other places: likewise by MarginaliaDoctors making agaynst the propitiatory sacrifice of the Masse. Eusebius, Emisene, Cyprian, Chrisostome, Fulgentius, Bertram, and others: which do wholly concorde and agree together in this vnity in the Lord, that the redemption once made in veritie for the saluation of man, continueth in full effect for euer, and worketh without ceassyng vnto the end of the worlde: that the sacrifice once offered can not be consumed: that the Lordes death and Passion, is as effectuall, the vertue of that bloud once shed as fresh at this day for the washyng away of synnes, as it was euen the same day that it flowed out of þe blessed syde of our Sauiour: and finally that MarginaliaThe whole substance of our sacrifice wherin it consisteth. the whole substaunce of our sacrifice which is frequēted of þe Church in the Lordes Supper, consisteth in prayers, prayse, and geuing of thankes, and in remembryng and shewyng forth of that sacrifice once offered vpon the Altar of the Crosse: that the same might continually be had in reuerence by mistery, which once onely, and no more, was offered for the price of our redemption.

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These are the things (right worshypful Maister Prolocutor, and ye the rest of the Commissioners) which I could presently prepare to the aunsweryng of your three foresayd propositions: beyng destitute of all helpe in this shortnes of tyme, sodayn warnyng, and want of bokes. Wherfore I appeale to my first Protestation, most humbly desiryng the helpe of the same (as much as may be) to be graunted vnto me. And because ye haue lately geuen most vniust and cruell sentence against me, I do here appeale MarginaliaBysh. Ridley appealeth from the vniust sentence of hys aduersaryes, to some other superiour competent iudge. (so farre forth as I may) to a more indifferent and iust censure and iudgemēt of some other superiour, competent, and lawfull iudge, and that accordyng to the approued state of the Church of England.

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Howbeit I confesse that I am ignoraunt what that is at this present, through the trouble and alteration of the state of the realme. But if this appeale may not be graūted to me vppon earth, then doe I flye (euen as to my onely refuge and alone hauen of health) to the sentence of the eternall iudge, that is, of the almighty God. MarginaliaBish. Ridley for lacke of equall indifferencie appealeth to almightie God. To whose most mercifull iustice toward hys, and most iust mercyfulnes I do wholy commit my self and all my cause, nothyng at all despayring of the defence of myne Aduocate and alone Sauiour Iesus Christ. To whom with the euerlastyng father and the holy spirite, the sanc-

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