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1673 [1635]

Queene Mary. The Archb. falsely sclaundered to set vp the Maße. Queene Mary crowned.

in the Tower, and likewyse after Masse, receaued the Sacrament in one kinde.

Vpon Sonday the xxvij. day of August, Doct. Chedsey preached at Paules Crosse, and the same day the bishop of Canterbury, Syr Thomas Smith, & the Deane of Paules were cited to appeare the weeke following before the Queenes Commissioners, in the Byshops Consistory within Paules.

In this meane time it was noysed abroade by runnyng rumors falsely and craftely deuised, 

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The most important of the items derived from non-chronicle sources in this section is Cranmer's 'purgation' of rumours that he had celebrated mass, (1570, p. 1695; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, pp. 1465-66) which is one of the first items Foxe took from Bull's LM. In the account of Cranmer's life in the 1563 edition, Foxe discussed the purgation (1563, p. 1474) and, in fact, the wording of this description of the circumstances behind the purgation is strikingly close to passages in this account. Foxe had also mentioned the purgation earlier in the 1570 edition (1570, p. 1579; 1576, p. 1397; 1583, p. 1418). But when Foxe printed the actual purgation, he was simply reprinting it from the LM (pp. 17-19).

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either to stablish the credite of the Masse, or els to bryng Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury out of credit, that he to curry fauour wyth Queene Mary, should promise to say Dirige Masse after the old custome, for K. Edward, and that he had already sayd Masse at Canterbury. &c. Wherefore to stoppe the noyse and sclaunder of those rumors, the sayd Thomas Archbishop of Cant. the. vij. day of September set forth a letter, which was also printed, in purgation of him self, the copy of which letter here ensueth.

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¶ A purgaton of Thomas Archbyshop of Canterbury agaynst certeine sclaunders falsely raysed vpon hym.

MarginaliaThe Archbishop of Cant purgeth hym self against false rumors.AS the deuill, Christes aunciēt aduersary, is a lyer and the father of lyes, euen so hath hee stirred vp his seruantes and members, to persecute Christ and his true word and Religiō with lying: which he ceasseth not to do most earnestly at this present tyme. For where as the Prince of famous memory kyng Henry the eight seyng þe great abuses of þe Latine Masse, reformed some things therin in his life time, and after our late soueraigne Lord K. Edward the vj. tooke the same whole away for the manifold and great errours and abuses of the same, and restored in the place therof Chrstes holy supper according to Christes owne institution, and as the Apostles vsed the same in the primatiue Church: the deuill goeth about now by lying to ouerthrow the Lordes holy Supper, agayne and to restore his Latine satisfactory Masse, a thyng of his owne inuention and deuise. And to bryng the same more easely to passe, some haue abused the name of me Thomas Archbyshop of Caunterbury, brutyng abroad that I haue set vp the Masse againe at Canterbury, MarginaliaThe Archbyshop of Cant. falsly reported to say Masse.& that I offred to say Masse at the buriall of our late soueraine Prince kyng Edward the vj. and that I offred also to say Masse before the Queenes highnes and at Paules Church, and I wot not where. And although I haue ben well exercised these xx. yeares to suffer & beare euill reportes and lyes, and haue not bene much greued thereat, but haue borne all thynges quietly, yet when vntrue reportes and lyes turne to the hynderance of Gods truth, they are in no wise to be suffred. Wherfore, these be to signifie vnto the world, that it was not I that did set vp the Masse at Canterbury, but it was a false flattering, lying, & dissemblyng Monke, MarginaliaThys Monke was Doct. Thornton, a cruell murtherer of Gods people: of whose horrible end ye shall read hereafter, and partly also in the lyfe of Cranmer. which caused Masse to be set vp there without myne aduise or Coūsell: Reddat illi Dominus in die illo. And as for offryng my self to say Masse before þe Queenes highnes or in any other place, I neuer did it, as her grace wel knoweth. But if her grace will geue me leaue, I shalbe ready to proue, agaynst all that will say the cōtrary, that all that is cōteined in the holy Communion set out by the most innocēt & godly Prince kyng Edward the vj. in his high Court of Parlament, is conformable to that order which our Sauiour Christ did both obserue and commaund to be obserued, and which his Apostles and primatiue Church vsed many yeares, whereas the Masse in many thynges not only hath no foundation of Christ, his Apostles, nor the primatiue Church, but is manifestly contrary to the same and conteineth many horrible abuses in it. And although many either vnlearned or malitious do reporte that M. Pet. Martyr. is vnlearned, yet if the Queenes highnes will graunt therunto, I with the sayd M. Pet. Martyr and other iiij. or fiue whch I shall chuse, will by Gods grace take vppon vs to defend, not onely the common Prayers of the Church, the ministration of the Sacramentes and other rites and ceremonies: but also all the doctrine & Religion set out by our sayd soueraigne Lord Kyng Edward the vj. to be more pure and accordyng to Gods word, then any other that hath ben vsed in Englād these 1000. yeares: so that Gods word may be iudge, and that the reasons and proufes of both parties may be

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set out in writing, to the intent, as wel that all the world may examine and Iudge thereon, as that no man shall start backe from his writyng. And where they boast of the faith that hath bene in þe Church these 1500. yeres, we wil ioyne with thē in this poynt, & that the same doctrine and vsage, is to be folowed, which was in the Church 1500. yeares past, and we shall proue that the order of the Church, set out at this present in thys Realme by Acte of Parlament, is the same that was vsed in the Church 1500. yeares past, and so shall they be neuer hable to proue theirs.

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The same Thursday being the. vij. of September, Lord Mountacute, and Lord chiefe Baron were deliuered out of the Tower.

The. xiij. of September the reuerend father maister Hugh Latimer was committed to the Tower.

The. xiiij. of September the Bishop of Canterbury was committed to the Tower.

The. xxvj. of September, one mayster Gray of Cambridge called before hym one maister Garth, for that he would not suffer a boy of Peter house to helpe hym say Masse in Penbroke hall, which was before any law was established for that behalfe.

MarginaliaIn thys Pageant stoode a certaine man vpon the top of the Egle vpon Paules steple with a flagge in hys hand.The Queene came to the Tower of London vpon the Thursday being the. xxviij. of September, and vpon the Saterday following, she rode from the Tower through the City of London, where were made many Pageantes to receyue her, and so was triumphantly brought to Westminster to Whyte hall.

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Vppon the Sonday being the first day of October, the Queenes hyghnes went from Whyte hall to Westminster Abbey, accompanied with the most part of the Nobilitie of this Realme, namely these: The Duke of Norfolke, the Earle of Arundell, the Earle of Shrewsbury, the Marques of Winchester, the Earels of Darby, Bedford, Worcester, Cumberland, Westmerland, Oxford, Sussex> Deuonshire, Penbroke, the Lord Dacres of the North, Lord Ferrys, Lord Cobham, Lord Aburgeyny, Lord Wentworth, Lord Scroupe, Lord Rich, Lord Vaus, L. Haward, Lord Conias, Lord Morley, Lord Paget, and the Lord Willowbye, wyth many other Nobles, and al the Embassadours of diuers countreys, the Maior of London with al the Alderman. Also out of the Abbey to receiue her comming, came three syluer Crosses, and to the nūber of foure score or neare vpon, of singing men, all in very ritch and gorgeous copes. Amongest whom were the Deane of Westminster, and diuers of her Chaplaynes, which bare euery one some ensigne in theyr handes, and after them followed. x. Bishops mytred all, and theyr Croyser staues in theyr handes, and rich copes vpon them euery one. And in this order they returned from Westminster hall before the Queene to the Abbey, MarginaliaQ. Mary crowned.where she was crowned by Steuen Gardiner bishop of Winchester, and Lord Chauncellour of England. At the time of the Coronation Doctor Day MarginaliaDoct. Dayes Sermon. Byshop of Chichester made a Sermon to the Queenes Maiestie & to þe rest of þe nobilitie. MarginaliaGenerall pardon at the Queenes Coronation.Also there was a generall Pardon proclaymed within þe Abbay at the sayd time of her Coronation, MarginaliaExempted out of the Pardon.out of which Proclamation all the prisoners of the Tower and of the Fleete were excepted and 62. more. Wherof M. Whitchurch and M. Grafton were two.

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The thyrd of October, the Vicechaūcellour of Cambridge did challenge one M. Pierson, for that he ministred still the Communion in his own Parish, and did receiue straungers of other Parishes to the same, and would not say Masse. Wherupon within two dayes after, he was cleane discharged frō farther ministryng in his Cure.

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Vpon the Wedensday folowyng the Archbyshop of Yorke, was committed to the Tower.

Vpon Thursday beyng the v. of October 1553. MarginaliaQ. Mary rydeth to the Parlament house.the Queene road to the Parliamēt in her robes, and all the nobilitie with her, and when they were set in the Par-

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