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1675 [1637]

Queene Mary. Thinges done the first yeare of Q. Mary. The godly end of the D. of Suffolke.

Marginalia1554.agayne committed to the Tower, and Syr Edward Warnar with hym. Who were brought to the Tower by the Maior.

Vpon the Saterday folowing beyng the xxvj. of Ianuary, MarginaliaIustice Hales cōmitted to the Marshalsey. Iustice Hales was committed to the Marshalsee, and the same day MarginaliaMaister Rogers cōmitted to Newgate. M. Rogers was cōmitted to Newgate. Vpō this Saterday, Sonday, and Mōday folowyng the Londiners prepared a number of Souldiours (by the Queenes commaundement) to go into Kent agaynst the Cōmons: wherof were chief Captaines the Duke of Northfolke, þe Earle of Woormewood, Syr Harry Iernyngham, Syr George Haward, and x. other Captaines. Which Souldiours whē they came to Rochester bridge, where they should haue set vpō their enemies, most of them (as it is said) left their own Captaines and came wholy to the Kentishmē, & so the foresayd Captaines returned to the Court both voyde of men and victory, leauyng behynd them both vj. peeces of ordinaunce, and treasure.

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About the latter end of Ianuary, the Duke of Suffolke with his brethren departed from hys house at Shene, and tooke his viage into Leycester shyre. 

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The value of his sources might have been considerably enhanced were it not for Foxe's rigorous self-censorship on anything connecting protestants to treason or rebellion. This reaches almost farcical lengths in Foxe's account of Suffolk; a reader of Foxe, with no other information, would be unaware that Suffolk led a rebellion. Rather the duke 'tooke hys voyage into Leycester shyre' (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467); Foxe does not mention the rebellion and here he does not mention Suffolk's capture (he had described it earlier). Foxe never states that Suffolk was convicted of treason, only that he was sentenced to death (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

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After whom was sent the Earle of Huntington to take hym and bryng hym to London, who proclaymed the sayd Duke traitor by the way as he roode.

MarginaliaStraunge sightes seene before the comming in of K. Philip, and subuersion of religion.And thus passing to the moneth of February, here is to bee noted by the way of story, that vppon the xv. day of the sayd moneth beyng Thursday, there was seene within the Citie of London about ix. of the clocke in the forenoone, straūge sightes. There was seene two Sunnes both shyning at once, the one a good prety way distant from the other. At the same tyme was also seene a Rainebow turned contrary, and a great deale higher then hath bene accustomed. The common standyng of the Raynebowe is thus ⁀ but this stoode thus ‿ with the head downeward, and the feete as it were vpward. Both these sightes were seene as well at Westminster, in Chepeside, on the Southside of Paules, as in very many other places, and that by a great number of honest men. Also certeine Aldermen went out of the Guild Hall to behold the sight.

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As touching the rysing of Maister Wyat,  

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After following his chronicle source(s) through the minutiae of events in London in 1553-54, Foxe suddenly passes over Wyatt's rebellion and Suffolk's uprising 'because most of these matters have bene briefly touched before, or els may be founde in other Chronicles' (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1397; 1583, p. 1468).

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wyth Syr W. Cobham and others in Kent, and their commyng to London in the moneth of February: also of the Queenes comming to the Guild Hall, and her Oration there made: and after of the taking of the sayde Wyat and his company: likewise of the apprehension of the Duke of Suffolke wyth hys brother Lord Iohn Gray: and the next day after of beheading of Lord Gildford and Lady Iane, which was the. xij. day of February: and how the day before, which was the. xj. of the sayd moneth, Lord W. Haward & Syr Edw. Hastings were sent for þe Lady Elizabeth: MarginaliaThe Lady Elizabeth sent for. and how þe same sonday Sir Harry Iseley, Maister Culpeper, and Maister Winter were committed to the Tower, MarginaliaThe B. of Winchester preacheth.the bishop of Winchester the same day beyng the. xj. of February, preaching before þe Queene, & perswading her to vse no mercy toward these Kentishmen, but seuere execution, all which was in the moneth of February: because most of these matters haue bene briefly touched before, or els may be found in other Chronicles, I wyll cease to make any further story of them: hauyng somewhat notwithstanding to declare touching the raynment and death of the Duke of Suffolke.

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MarginaliaThe Duke of Suffolke arraigned.Vpon Saterday being the. xvij. day of February, the Duke of Suffolke was arraigned at Westminster, and the same day condēned to dye by hys Peres, the Earle of Arundell was chiefe Iudge for thys day.

Vpon the Sonday followyng, which was the. xviij. day of the said moneth, Sessions was kept in London, which hath not before bene seene to be kepte vpon the Sonday.

Vpō þe Monday the. xix. of February, þe L. Cobhams three sonnes and foure other men were arraygned at Westminster: of which sōnes þe yongest was condēned,

whose name is Thomas, and the other two came not at the barre, and the other foure were condemned.

MarginaliaThe Lorde Iohn Gray arraigned.Vpon the Tuesday being the. xx. of February, the Lord Iohn Gray was arraygned at Westminster, and there condemned the same day, and other three men, whereof one was named Nailer.

Vpon the Wedensday the. xxj. of February the Lord Thomas Gray, and Syr Iames Croft were brought through London to the Tower wyth a number of horsemen.

MarginaliaSyr Nicholas Throgmorton committed.Vpon the Thursday being the xxij. of February, Syr Nicholas Throgmorton was cōmitted to þe Tower.

Vpō the Friday beyng the xxiij. of February. 1554. the Duke of Suffolke was beheaded at the Tower hill the order and whose death here foloweth.

¶ The godly end and death of the Duke of Suffolke beheaded at Tower hyll. an. 1554. Febr. 23.  
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Block 25: Mantel's apology

The account of Suffolk's death and the printing of the 'apology' of Walter Mantel (the elder) are both in the Acts and Monuments for one reason: to exorcise the spectre of Northumberland and his recantation. Without explicitly mentioning Northumberland, Foxe could use the constancy of these high-profile protestants to counteract the charge (made decades earlier by Thomas More) that the protestants were unwilling to die for their faith.

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MarginaliaThe order and maner of the Duke of Suffolkes death. ON Friday the. xxiij. of February. 1554. about. ix. of the clocke in the fore noone, the Lord Henry Gray Duke of Suffolke was brought forth of the Tower of London vnto the Scaffold on the Tower hyll, wyth a great company. &c. and in hys commyng thether there accompanied him Doctor Weston as hys ghostly father, MarginaliaD. Weston the Dukes ghostly father, agaynst the Dukes will.notwithstandyng, as it should seeme, agaynst the wyll of the said Duke. For when the Duke went vp to the Scaffold, the said Weston beyng on hys left hand, preased to go vp with him. The Duke wyth hys hand put him downe agayne of the stayres: MarginaliaWeston put backe by the Dukes hand. and Weston taking hold of the Duke, forced hym downe lykewyse. And as they ascended the second tyme, the Duke agayne put hym downe. Then Weston sayd that it was þe Queenes pleasure that he should so do. Wherwyth the Duke casting his handes abroad, ascended vp the scaffold, and paused a pretye whyle after. And then he sayd: MarginaliaThe wordes of the Duke to the people.Maisters, I haue offended the Queene, and her lawes, and thereby am iustly condemned to dye, and am wyllyng to dye, desiring al men to be obedient, and I pray God that this my death may be an ensample to all men, beseeching you all to beare me wytnes, that I dye in the fayth of Christ, trusting to be saued by hys bloud onely, and by no other trumpery: MarginaliaThe godly fayth & confession of the Duke at hys death.the which died for me, and for all them that truly repent, and stedfastly trust in him. And I do repent, desiring you all to pray to God for me, that whē you see my breath depart from me, you wyll pray to God that hee may receyue my soule. And then he desired all men to forgeue hym, saying that the Queene had forgeuen hym.

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MarginaliaD. Westons message of the Queenes forgeuenes.Then M. Weston declared with a loude voyce that the Queenes Maiesty had forgiuen hym. With that diuers of the standers by sayd with metely good and audible voyce: MarginaliaThe peoples aunswere to D. Weston.such forgiuenes God send thee, meaning D. Weston. Then the Duke kneled downe vpō his knees and sayd the Psalme Miserere mei Deus, vnto þe end, holding vp hys handes and looking vp to heauen. MarginaliaThe Duke prayeth.And when he had ended the Psalme, he sayd: In manus tuas Domine commendo spiritum meum. &c. Then hee arose and stoode vppe and deliuered hys cappe and his skarffe vnto the excutioner. Then the sayd executioner kneeled downe & asked the Duke forgiuenes. MarginaliaThe Duke prepareth hym to death.And the Duke sayd, God forgiue thee and I do, and when thou doest thine office, I pray thee do it well, and bryng me out of this world quickly, and God haue mercy to thee. Then stode there a mā and said, my Lord, how shall I do for þe money that you do owe me? And the Duke sayd, alas good felow, I pray thee trouble me not now, but go thy way to my officers. Then he knitte a kercher about his face and kneeled downe and sayd, Our father which art in heauen &c. vnto the end. MarginaliaThe end of the Duke of Suffolke.And then he sayd, Christ haue mercy vpon me, and layd downe his head on the blocke, and the executioner tooke the Axe, and at the first choppe stroke of his head, and held it vp to the people. &c.

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The same day a number of prisoners had their pardon, and came through the Citie with their halters a-

bout
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