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1681 [1654]

Queene Mary. Queene Maryes mariage. The receauing of K. Phillip in London.


Marginalia1554.
Elegere pij connubia talia nolle:
Velle quidem demens hæresis illa fuit.
Consilium multo præstantius octo mariti,
Quinq; cathenatis ob malefacta, dabant.
Noluit hos iungi thalamos Northumbrius heros.
O consultores, qui voluere, malos.
Noluit haud æquo confligens marte Viatus,
Solaq; quæ voluit, turba Papalis erat.
Nolebat Graius, neq; terra Britanna volebat:
Nos, quoniam Dominus sic voluit, tulimus.
Sed tulimus pariter fata infœlicia, quando
Infœlix Maria est nupta Philippo tibi.

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¶ Other verses answering likewise.


NVbat vt Hispano Regina Maria Philippo
Dic age Whyte mihi, quos voluisse vides
Noluit aut voluit quid inanis turba, refert nil,
Velle & nolle dei est: quid volet ille, refert.
Hoc quoniam voluit (inquis) Dominus, voluistis:
Quid voluit, quoniam nescis inepte, scias.
Scilicet hoc voluit, vates vt vanus & augur,
Et mendax Whitus pseudopropheta foret.
Regi non regi nupsit, non nupserat, Angla est,
Non Angla est, grauida est, non grauida est, grauis est.
Parturit atq; parit, sic vos voluistis euantes,
Nil tamen illa parit: hoc voluit Dominus.
Duxerat ad paucos menses, mox deserit idem:
Sponsa est, mox vidua est: hoc voluit Dominus.
Irrita frustrentur semper sic vota malorum
Perniciem patriæ qui voluere suæ

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Sit nomen domini benedictum.

After the consumation of whych mariage, they both remoued from Winchester to sundry other places, MarginaliaK. Phillip cōmeth to Windsore.and by easy iourneyes came to Windsore Castell, where he was stalled in the order of the Garter, vpon the sonday being the xij. of August. MarginaliaThe Armes of England takē down, and the armes of Spaine set vp.At which tyme an Herald tooked own the armes of England at Windsore, and in the place of thē would haue set the armes of Spayn, but he was commaunded to set them vp agayne by certayne Lordes. From thence they both remoued to Richmond, MarginaliaK. Phillip cōmeth to London.and from thence by water came to London, and landed at the Bishop of Winchesters house, through which they passed both into Southwarke parke, and so to Southwarke house called Suffolke place, where they lay that night being þe 18. of August.

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And the next day, being Saterday, MarginaliaAugust. 19. and the. xix. of August, 

Commentary  *  Close

In the 1570 edition, Foxe followed the verses with a description of Philip's progress from Winchester to London and his entry into London. The account of Philip's entry into London may have been taken from John Elder's A copie of a letter sente unto Scotland (London, 1555), STC 7552, sigs. B5r-C4v. This hypothesis is strengthened by the fact that Foxe would draw other material in the Acts and Monuments from Elder's book. But on closer examination, this looks unlikely. Some important portions of Foxe's account of Philip's entry into London, notably the story of Gardiner painting out a picture of Henry VIII holding a Bible, are not in Elder. (A brief version of this story is in Foxe's papers but it lacks much of the detail of Foxe's account; cf. BL Harley MS 419, fol. 131r with 1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1472). Another objection to Elder as Foxe's source is that other material Foxe drew from Elder first appeared in 1563; Philip's entry did not appear until the 1570 edition. Most likely, Foxe drew this account of Philip's entry from an eyewitness, possibly augmented by a chronicle or chronicles.

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the Kyng and Queenes maiesties rode from Suffolke place (accompanied wyth a great number as wel of noble men as gentlemen) through the Citie of London, to White hall, and at London bridge as he entred at the draw bridge, MarginaliaVaine pageantes of London.was a vayne great spectacle set vp of two Images representing two Giantes, one named Corineus, and the other Gogmagog, 
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The images of the two giants, 'Corineus' and 'Gogmagog' which Foxe describes (1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1472) were images of Corineus Brittanus and Gogmagog Albionus, both characters in Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Britons. For the significance of these images in this entry, see Sydney Anglo, Spectacle, Pageantry and Early Tudor Policy, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1997) pp. 327-29.

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holding betwen them certayne Latin verses, which for the vaine ostentation of flattery, I ouerpasse.

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And as they passed ouer the bridge, there was a number of ordinaunce shot at the Tower, suche as by old mens report the lyke hath not bene heard or seene these hundreth yeares.

From London bridge they passed to the Conduit in Gracious streete, which was finely painted, & among other thinges, the. ix. worthies, whereof Kyng Henry the eight was one. He was paynted in harnesse hauing in one hand a sword, & in the other hand a booke, whereupon was written Verbum Dei, deliuering the same booke (as it were) to his sonne king Edward, who was paynted in a corner by him. MarginaliaWinchest. can not abyde the boke called Verbum Dei.But hereupon was no small matter made, for the bishop of Winchester L. Chauncellor, MarginaliaThe painter sent for to the B. of Winchest.sent for the Painter, and not onely called hym knaue for painting a booke in king Henries hand, and specially for writing thereupon Verbum Dei, but also rancke Traytour and Villayne, saying to hym, that hee shoulde rather haue put the booke into the Queenes hand (who was also paynted there) for that she had reformed the church and religion, wyth other thinges, according to the pure and sincere word of God in deede. The Paynter aunswered and sayd, that if he

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had knowen that that had bene þe matter wherfore hys Lordship sent for him, hee coulde haue remedied it, and not haue troubled his Lordship. MarginaliaThe Painters aunswere. The Bishop aunswered and said, that it was the Quenes maiesties wyll and commaundement that he should send for him: MarginaliaThe Byshop of Winchester can not abyde Verbum Dei.and so commaunding him to wype out the booke and Verbum Dei to, he sent him home. So the Paynter departed, but fearing lest hee should leaue some parte eyther of the booke, or of Verbum Dei in kyng Henryes hand, he wyped away a peece of hys fingers wythall.

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Here I passe ouer and cut of other gaudes and Pageants of pastime shewed vnto hym in passing through London, wyth the flattering verses set vp in Latine, wherein were blased out in one place the fiue Philips, MarginaliaV. Phillips. as the fiue worthies of þe world, Philip of Macedonia Philip the Emperour, Philippus Audax, Philippus Bonus, Philip Prince of Spayne, & king of England.

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In another Poetry kyng Philip was resembled by an Image representing Orpheus, and al Englysh people resembled to brute and sauage beastes folowing after Orpheus harpe, and daunsing after kyng Philips pipe. 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe's interpretation of the pageant of Orpheus (1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1472) is tendentious; other comtemporary observers (e.g., Elder, Copie of a letter, sigs. B8v-C1v) did not perceive the alleged insult to the English.

Not that I reprehend the arte of the Latine verses, which was fine and cunning, but that I passe ouer the matter, hauing other grauer thinges in hand, and therefore passe ouer also the sight at Paules church side of hym that came downe vpon a rope tyed to the batilmentes wyth hys head before, neyther staying himselfe with hand nor foote: which shortly after cost him his life. 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe's mention of a man who plunged headfirst from St. Paul's (1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1472) refers to an acrobat who performed the sixteenth-century equivalent of bungee-jumping to celebrate the occasion (see Anglo, Spectacle, pp. 336-37). Foxe's concluding comment suggests that the acrobat performed this stunt once too often.

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But one thing by the way I can not let passe touching þe young floorishing Roode newly set vp against this present tyme to welcome kyng Philippe into Paules Church. 

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The story of the 'merry fellow' who mocked the newly-erected rood in St. Paul's originally appeared in an appendix to the 1563 edition and was moved to its proper chronological place in the 1570 edition. It is unquestionably an oral anecdote related to Foxe as the printing of the 1563 edition neared completion.

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The settyng vp of which Roode was this, and may make as good a Pageant as the best.

MarginaliaThe erecting vp of the Roode in Paules.An. 2. Mariæ Boner in his royaltie, and all his Prebēdaries about him in Paules Quiere, the Roode layd a long vpon the pauement, and also all the doores of Paules beyng shut, the Bishop with other, sayd and song diuers prayers by þe Roode: that being done, they annointed the Roode with oyle in diuers places, and after the annoyntyng, crept vnto it and kissed it. MarginaliaB. Boners God. After that they tooke the sayd Roode and weyed him vp and set hym in his old accustomed place, MarginaliaThe Roode of Paules set vp with Te Deum.and all the while they were a doyng therof, the whole Quiere sang Te Deum, and when that was ended, they rang the Belles, not onely for ioy, but also for the notable and great fact they had done therin.

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Not long after this, a mery felow came into Paules, and spyed the Roode with Mary and Iohn new set vp, whereto (among a great sort of people) he made lowe curtesy and sayd: MarginaliaSalutation to the Roode of Paules.Syr, your Maistershippe is welcome to Towne. I had thought to haue talked further with your Maistershyppe, but that ye be here clothed in the Queenes colours. I hope ye but a sommers byrd, in that ye be dressed in white and greene. &c.

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The Prince thus beyng in the Church of Paules, after Doctor Harpesfield had finished hys Oration in Latin, set forward through Fleetestreet, and so came to Whyte hall, where he wyth the Queene remayned foure dayes after, and from thence remoued vnto Richmond.

After thys, all the Lordes had leaue to depart into their countreyes, wyth straite cōmaundement to bring all their harnesse and artillery into the Tower of London wyth all speede. 

Commentary  *  Close

The remainder of the material in this block - Philip and Mary retiring to Hampton Court, Bonner's visitation, and a proclamation against vagabonds and servants without masters - was added in 1570 from unidentifiable sources (1570, pp. 1654-55; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1473).

Now remayned there no English Lord at the court but the bishop of Winchester. From Richmond they remoued to Hampton Court, where the hall doore wythin þe Court was continually shut, so that no man might enter, vnles his arrand were fyrst knowen: which seemed straunge to English men that had not bene vsed thereto.

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MarginaliaSeptemb. 8.About the. viij. day of September, B. Boner began hys visitation, who charged. vj. men in euery parish to inquyre (according to theyr othes) and to present before him the day after S. Mathewes day, being the. 22. of September, all such persons as eyther had or should

offend
OOOo.iij.
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