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610 [610]

K. Richard. 2. The story of Walter Brute with his declarations

as the sinner doth not amende for the priuate correction of his brother, nor yet for the correction of two or three, neither yet for the publike correctiō of the whole church: Then is he to be counted as an Ethnike, and a publicane and as a certaine leper to be auoyded out of the companie of all men. Whiche sinner notwithstādyng, if he shall yet repente, is then to bee reconciled, because he is then clensed from his obstinacie.

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MarginaliaThe popes power in absoluyng from sinnes not founded in scripture.But he whiche pretendeth him selfe to be the chief vicare of Christe, and the hygh priest, sayth: that he hath power to absolue a pœna & culpa: Whiche I do not find how it is founded in the Scripture, but that of his owne authoritie, he enioyneth to sinners, penaunce for their sinnes. MarginaliaThe pope can absolue none from punishmēt.And graunt that from their sinnes he may well absolue them, yet frō the payne (which they call a pœna) he doth not simplely absolue, as in hys indulgences he promiseth. But if he were in charitie, and had such power, as he pretendeth, he would suffer none to lye in purgatorye for sinne, forsomuch as that payne doth far excede all other payne which here we suffer. What man is there being in charitie, but if he see his brother to be tormented in thys worlde, if he may, he will helpe hym, and deliuer hym? Much more ought the pope then, to deliuer out of paynes of purgatorie, indifferently as well ryche as poore. MarginaliaThe pope in his pardons deceiueth men 3. maner of wayes.And if he sell to the riche his indulgences, double wyse, yea triple wyse he seduceth them. First in promising to deliuer them out of the payne from whēce he dothe not, neyther is able, to deliuer them: And so maketh them falsely to beleue that, which they ought not to beleue. Secondly, he deceaueth them of their money, which he taketh for hys indulgence. Thirdly, he seduceth them in this, that he promising to deliuer them from payne, doth induce them into greuous punishmēt in dede, for the heresie of Symonie, which both of them do commit, and therfore are worthy both of great paine to fall vpon them: for so we read, that Iesus cast out byers and sellers out of hys temple. Also Peter sayd to Simon the first author of this heresie. Thy money, said he, with thee be destroyed, for that thou haste thought, the gifte of God to be possessed for money. MarginaliaThe pope promising pardon for sinne, induceth men to sinne in Simonie.Moreouer wheras Christ sayth, frely you haue receaued, frely geue, and where as the pope contrarye doth sell that thyng, which he hath taken: what doubt is there, but that he doth greuouslye deserue to be punished, both he that selleth, and he that byeth, for the crime of simonie, which they commit. Ouer and besides, by many reasons and authorities of the Scripture it may be proued, that he doth not absolue a man, contrite for hys sinne, although he do absolue hym from the gilte.

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MarginaliaDeadly sinne and debt. The pope saith, he cā remitte the debte to God: And yet can not remitte the debt to mā.But thys marueleth me, that he in hys indulgences promiseth to absolue mē frō all maner of deadly sinnes, and yet can not absolue a mā from debt: forasmuch as the debt which we owe to God, is of much more greater importance, then is the debt of our brother. Wherfore, if he be able to remitte the debt due to God, muche more it should seeme, that he is able to forgeue the debte of our brother.

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MarginaliaThe pope harder to pardon a priest leauyng his mattens vsed, then for breaking the commaundement of God.An other thing there is, that I maruell at: for that þe pope sheweth himself more straite in absoluing a priest for not saying, or negligently saying hys mattens: then for transgressing the commaundement of God: considering that the transgression of the commaundement of God, is much more greuous then the breache of mans commaundement.

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MarginaliaAbsolution to be soght at the hād of God onely.For these and many other errours concurring, and in this matter of the Popes absolutiōs, blessed be God, and honour be vnto him for the remission of our sinnes. And let vs firmely beleue and knowe, that he doth and will absolue vs from our sinnes, if we be sorye from the bottome of our hartes that we haue offended hym, hauing a good purpose and will, to offend hym no more. And let vs be bolde to resorte vnto good and discretepriestes, who with wholesome discretion and sound coūsaile can instructe vs, howe to auoyde the corruption of sinne hereafter. And which, because they are better then we, may praye to God for vs: wherby, we may both obtaine more sooner the remission of our sinnes paste, and also maye learne better how to auoyde the daunger of sinne to come. MarginaliaEx Regist. latino Episc. Herford.Ex Registro latino Episc. Hereford.

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MarginaliaNotes.☞ And thus much concerning 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe inserts a paragraph, again interrupting Brut, to ensure that the reader understands that Brut's denunciation of the lack of charity among rulers and their making war against each other applies to the clergy and the Papacy, and not to secular magistrates.

the iudgement & doctrine of this Walter, for christian pacience, charitie and mercye, which as they be true and infallible notes and markes of true christianitie, so the said Walter Brute makyng comparison herein, betwene Christ & the pope, goeth about purposely to declare and manifest, wherby al mē may see, what cōtrarietie there is betwene the rule of Christes teaching, & the procedinges of the pope: betwene the examples and life of the one, and the examples of the other. Of which two, as the one is altogether geuen to peace: so is the other on the contrary side as muche disposed to warres, murder, and bloudshedde, as is easie to bee seene, who so looking not vppon the outwarde shewes and pretensed woordes of these Romishe Popes, but aduisyng and consideryng the inwarde practises, and secrete woorkes of them, shall easlye espye, vnder theyr visoure of peace what discorde, and debate they worke. Who bearing outwardly the meeke hornes of the Lambe mētioned in the Apocalips, within do beare the bowels of a wolfe, full of crueltie, murder, and bloudshed which if any doe thinke to be spoken of me contumeliously, would God that mā could proue as well the same to be spoken of me not truely. But truthe it is, I speake it sincerelye, without affection of blind parcialitie, according to the truthe of historyes bothe olde and newe. Thus vnder In Dei nomine, Amen. how vnmercifully dothe the Pope condemne hys brother: And whyle he pretendeth not to bee lawfull for him to kill anye man, what thousandes hath he killed of men? And lykewyse in hys sentence, pretending, in visceribus Iesu Christi, as thoughe he woulde be a mediatour to the magistrate for the partie: yet in deede will he bee sure to excommunicate the magistrate, if he execute not the sentence geauen. Who bee true heretiques, the Lord when he commeth shall iudge: but geue them to bee heretiques, whome he condemneth for heretiques. Yet what bowels of mercye is here, where is nothyng, but burning, fagoting, drowning, prysoning, cheyning, famyshyng, racking, hanging, tormenting, threatning, rentyng, cursing, and oppressing, and no instructing, nor yet indifferente hearing of them, what they can say. The like crueltie also may in their warres appeare, if we consider how pope Vrbane 5. beside the racking & murdering of 7. or 8. Cardinalls, set vp Henry Spencer B. of Norwich to fight against the French pope. Innocentius 4. was in warre himself against the Apulians. Likewise Alexander 4. his successour styrred vp the sonne of K. Henry 3. to fighte agaynst the sōne of Friderick 2. Emperour, for Apulia. Boniface 8. moued Albertus (which stode to be Emperour) to driue Philip the French king out of his realme. Gregorius 9. excited Ludouike the French king iij. sondry times, to mortall war against the Erle Raimūdus & citie of Tholouse, & Auinion, where Lewes the sayd French K. dyed. Honorius 3. by strength of warre many wayes resisted Friderick 2. and sent out 35. galleis against the coastes of the Emp. dominions. The same pope also besieged Ferraria, to passe ouer the war at Ticinum, with many other battails & conflictes of popes, against the Romanes, Venetiās, & diuerse other nations. Innocentius 3. set vp Philip the French K. to warre against kyng Iohn. What styrre Pope Gregory the seuenth, otherwyse named Hildebrand, kepte against the Emperour Henricus 4. it is not vnknowne. And who is able to recite all the warres, battailes, and fieldes fought by the styrring vp of the pope? These with many other like examples considered, did cause this Walter Brute to write in this matter so as he did, making yet thereof no vniuersall propositiō: but þt Christian magistrates, in case of necessitie, myght make resistance, in defence of publique ryght. Now he proceedeth further to other matter of the Sacrament.

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Touching the matter (saith he) of the sacrament of the body & blood of our Lord Iesus Christ, diuers mē haue diuers opinions, as the learned do know. As concerning my iudgement vpon the same, I firmely beleue whatsoeuer the Lord Christ Iesus taught implicite or expresly to his disciples and faythfull people to be beleued: for he is (as I beleue and know) the true bread of God, which descended from heauen, and geueth lyfe to the worlde. Of which breade whosoeuer eateth, shall lyue for euer, MarginaliaIoan. 6.as it is in the. vj. of saint Iohn declared. Before the comming of Christ in the flesh, although men dyd liue in body, yet in spirit they did not lyue, because all men were then vnder sinne, whose soules thereby were dead: from the which death, no man by the law, nor with the lawe was iustified, for by the wordes of the law shall no flesh bee iustified. MarginaliaGal. 2.Galat. 2. And againe in the same epistle cap. 3. MarginaliaIustification by faith and not by the law.that by the law no man is iustified before God it is manifest: for the iust man shall lyue by hys fayth, the law is not of fayth, but whosoeuer hath the works therof, shall lyue in them. And agayne in the same chap. If

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