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990 [990]

K. Henry. 8. Persecution in the dioces of Lincolne.

MarginaliaAnno. 1521.
Ex Regist. Io. Longland. Lincol.

Accusers.Parties accused.Crimes obiected.

Robert
Carder
of Iuer,
Weyuer,
detected

Rich. Vulford, of Ryselyp.
Hackar. 
Commentary  *  Close

John Hacker was an extraordinarily influential Lollard with a long career; see J. A. F. Thomson, The Later Lollards, 1414-1520 for details. Hacker will be arrested in London in 1527 and in 1528, he would abjure and give the names of over 40 other Lollards to the authorities (1563, p. 418 and BL, Harley 421, fos. 11r-14r).

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Thomas Kyng.

Ioanne
Cocks.
The wife
of Rob. Wy-
wod, hus-
bandman.

For desiring of Durdant her
maister, that he being a Knowen
mā, would teach her some know-
ledge of Gods lawe, and desiring
the same also of the Butlers.

Nic. Dur
dant of
Stanys.
Dauy
Durdant
of An-
kerwike.
The wyfe
of olde
Durdāt.
The wife
of Nic.
Durdāt.

These were detected for that olde
Durdant of Euyncourt, at dyn-
ner sitting with his childrē and
their wiues, bydding a boye there
standing, to departe out of the
house, that hee should not heare
and tell, did recite certaine places
vnto them, out of the Epistles
of S. Paule, and of the Gospels.

Richard
VVhyte
father in
law to Be
net ward
of Bekins
field

He was detected to bee a knowen
man, because, after the death of
Bishop Smith, hee was heard to
say these wordes: My Lord that
dead is, was a good man, and di-
uers knowen men were called be-
fore him, and he sent them home
againe, biddyng them that they
should liue amōge their neighbors
as good Christen men should doe.
And now (said he) there is a new
Bishop whiche is called a blessed
man, and if he bee as he is na-
med, hee will not trouble the ser-
uauntes of God, but will let them
be in quyet.

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Marian
Morden
was forced
vpon her
othe to
vtter

Iames Morden her own brother, which taught
her the Pater noster, Aue, and Creede in Eng-
lishe, & that she should not goe on pilgrimage:
nor should worshippe sainctes of Images, which
she had not done by the space of vj. yeares past,
following and beleuing her brother.

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Iames
Morden
was for-
ced vpon
his othe
to vtter.

Iohn Littlepage.
Henry Littlepage.
VVilliam Littlepage.
Ioanne Littlepage.
Rich. Morden his brother of Cheßham.
Emme his wife.
Alyce Browne of Cheßham.
Radul. Morden his brother of Cheßham.
Hys wyfe.
Iohn Phyppes.
Elyzab. Hamon.
A Chanon of Missenden.


Thomas
Couplād
forced by
hys othe,
detected

Thomas Groue, of London.
Isabell Morwyn.
The wife of Norman of Amersham.

Thomas Couper
of Woodrowe.
Roger Hardyng.

Because these ij. coulde
not saye their Crede in
Latine.

W. Grynder.
The wife of Rob. Stampe of Woodrowe.


Th. Rowland
T. Coupland.
Rich. Steuens.
Rog. Benet,
forced by their
othe to accuse.

Tho. Har-
dyng 
Commentary  *  Close

A Thomas Harding and his wife were listed among those who had abjured in 1511. In 1532, Thomas Harding will be burned for heresy.

of A-
mersham.
Alyce Har-
dyng his
wife.

Because, after their ab-
iuration in B. Smythes
tyme, diuers Knowen
men (as they then ter-
med thē) which were ab
iured before, had much
resorte to their house.

Accusers.Parties accused.Crimes obiected.

Agnes
Squyre.

For speaking these wordes:
Men do say I was abiured
for heresie, it maye well bee a
napkin for my nose, but J will
neuer be ashamed of it.


Ioh. Saw-
cote vpō
hys othe
dyd ap-
peache

The Vicar of
litle Missendē.

He was detected for that hee
did geue to D. VVilkockes
xx.li. to excuse him that hee
might not be brought to open
penaunce. 
Commentary  *  Close

This is interesting evidence of the wealth of some of these Lollards and their ability to use it to subvert the authorities.


Tho. Groue
and his wife.

Thom. Hol-
mes. 
Commentary  *  Close

One scholar has declared that 'Longland took almost a sportsman's delight in apprehending preachers or intellectuals who were propagating heresy' (Margaret Bowker, The Henrician Reformation: The diocese of Lincoln under John Longland 1521-1547 [Cambridge, 1981], p. 61). It is also worth noting that abjuration and even informing on others were not necessarily sufficient to save a heretic. Longland burned his chief witness, Thomas Holmes.

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For that he was heard to say
these woordes after the great
abiuration, when he had ab-
iured: that the greatest
cobbes were yet behind.

Richard San
ders 
Commentary  *  Close

Richard Saunders's property was assessed at £300 and he was by far the wealthiest person in Amersham (Andrew Hope, 'Lollardy: The stone the builders rejected?' in Protestantism and the National Church, ed. Peter Lake and Maria Dowling [Beckenham, Kent, 1987], p. 10).

of Amer
sham

Because hee euer defended
them whiche were suspected
to bee Knowen men. Also
because hee bought out his
penaunce, and caryed his
badge in his purse.

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MarginaliaIoh. Phyppe.
¶ Byshop Longland sekyng how to conuicte Iohn Phippe 
Commentary  *  Close

Richard Saunders's property was assessed at £300 and he was by far the wealthiest person in Amersham (Andrew Hope, 'Lollardy: The stone the builders rejected?' in Protestantism and the National Church, ed. Peter Lake and Maria Dowling [Beckenham, Kent, 1987], p. 10).


of periury, who beyng charged with an othe did not aunswere
affirmatiuely to such suspicions as were layd vnto hym by Tho.
Holmes 
Commentary  *  Close

One scholar has declared that 'Longland took almost a sportsman's delight in apprehending preachers or intellectuals who were propagating heresy' (Margaret Bowker, The Henrician Reformation: The diocese of Lincoln under John Longland 1521-1547 [Cambridge, 1981], p. 61). It is also worth noting that abjuration and even informing on others were not necessarily sufficient to save a heretic. Longland burned his chief witness, Thomas Holmes.

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and other seuerall accusers, did examine Sibill Affrike
his owne sister vpon her othe, to detecte Iohn Phippe 
Commentary  *  Close

A John Phipp appeared on the list of those in the Amersham area who abjured in 1511. It probably was not the same person, since Phipp was not executed for relapse in 1521, but it could well have been a close relative.

her bro-
ther of relapse: but she so aunswered, that the Byshop could take
by her no great hold of relapse agaynst him. Wherin is to be no-
ted the singular iniquitie and abuse in the Church of Rome,
whiche by vertue of othe, setteth the sister to procure the bro-
thers bloud. 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is genuinely shocked by Bishop Longland's methods of investigation, which undermined the integrity of both family and community.

The like also was sought by Thomas Affrike, hys
sisters husband, but they had by hym no vantage.

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Ienkyn
Butler
dyd ap-
peach

Iohn Butler
his own bro
ther

For reading to him in a cer-
tayne booke of the Scripture,
and perswading him to har-
ken to the same.

Robert Carder.
Richard Butler hys brother.
Henry Vulman of Vxbridge.
Rich. Asheforde of Walton, otherwise
called Richarde Nashe, or Rich.
Tredway.
VV. King of Vxbridge.

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VV. A-
meryden
did detect

Isabell
Tracher
wife of
Iohn Tracher.

Because she came not to the
church ofter on the worke dayes,
being admonished both by the
church wardens, by the gradu-
ates of the church, & by Doctor
Cockes commissarye, but followed
her busines at home.
Also because she purposed to
set her daughter to Alyce Har-
dyng, 
Commentary  *  Close

A Thomas Harding and his wife were listed among those who had abjured in 1511. In 1532, Thomas Harding will be burned for heresy.

saying that she could better
instructe her then many other.
Also because she cursed the
priest after he was gone, whiche
had geuen to her the Eucharist,
saying, that he had geuen to her
bitter gall.

Alyce
Holting.

For that she being greate with
childe, did dyne before she went to
church to take her rites, saying,
that Isabell Tracher did so tell
her, that she myghte dyne before
she receaued the sacrament.

VV. Tre-
cher of
Amer-
sham.

For keping Thomas Groue in hys
house on easter and christenmas
daye, because he would not come
to the church.

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Robert
CCc.iij.
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