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1093 [1092]

K. Henry. 8. Iniunctions by the kinges authoritie.

done, the sayd Curates shall in theyr sermons deliberatly and plainly recite of the sayd Pater noster, Articles, or commaundements, one clause or article one day, and an other an other day, till the whole be taught and learned by little and little, and shall deliuer the same in writing, or shewe where printed bookes conteinyng the same, be to be solde to them that can read, or will desire the same: and therto that þe said fathers and mothers, maisters and gouernours doe bestowe theyr children and seruauntes euen from theyr chyldehoode, eyther to learnyng, or to some honest exercise, occupation, or husbandry, MarginaliaFor bringing vp of youth in some arte or occupatiō. exhorting, counsayling, and by al the wayes and meanes they may, as well in their sayd sermons and collations, as other wayes, the sayed fathers, mothers, maisters, and other gouernours beyng vnder their cure and charge, diligently to prouide and foresee, that the sayd youth be in no maner wyse kept or brought vp in idlenes, least at any tyme afterward, they be driuen for lacke of some mystery or occupation to lyue by, to fall to beggyng, stealing, or some other vnthriftines, forasmuch as we may daily see, thorough slouth and idlenes, diuers valiaunt men fal, some to begging, and some to theft and murder, which after brought to calamitie and misery, impute a great part therof to their frendes and gouernors, which suffred thē to be brought vp so idlely in their youth, where if they had bene educated & brought vp in some good literature, occupation, or mystery, they should (beyng rulers of theyr owne family) haue profited as well themselues, as diuers other persons, to the great commodity and ornament of the common weale.

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Also that the sayd Persons, Vicares, and other curates, shal diligently prouide, that the Sacramentes and Sacramentals be duely and reuerently ministred in their parishes. And if at any tyme it happen them MarginaliaPlacing of good vicares & Curates. other in any of the cases expressed in the statutes of this realme, or of special licence geuen by the kinges maiesty, to be absent from theyr benefices they shall leaue their cure, not to a rude and vnlearned person, but to an honest, well learned, and expert curate, that may teach the rude and vnlearned of theyr cure, wholsome doctrine, and reduce them to the right way, that they do not erre: & alwayes let them see, þt neyther they nor their vicars do seke more their owne profite, promotion or aduauntage, then the profite of the soules that they haue vnder their cure or the glory of God.

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MarginaliaEuery parishe to prouide a Bible in Englishe. Item 

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This provision, mandating that every parish priest should provide a copy of the Bible in Latin and English by 1 August 1537, does not appear in certain manuscript copies of the Injunctions or in STC 10084.7. As a result it has often been denied that Cromwell's 1536 Injunctions contained this order, but this belief has been refuted; see Richard Rex, Henry VIII and the English Reformation (Basingstoke, 1993), pp. 185-6 and Margaret Bowker, 'The Henrician Reformation and the Parish Clergy' in The English Reformation Revised, ed. Christopher Haigh (Cambridge, 1987), p. 76 n. 8. The idea was somewhat impractical; at the time the only complete printed English language Bible was that produced by Matthew Coverdale and it did not have official approval.

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, that euery person or proprietary of any Parish Church within this realme, shall on this side the feast of S. Peter ad vincula 
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I.e., by 1 August 1537.

, next commyng, prouide a boke of þe whole Bible both in Latin and also in English, and lay the same in the quire for euery man that will, to looke and read theron, and shal discourage no mā from the readyng of any part of the Bible eyther in Laten or English, but rather comfort exhort, and admonish euery man to read the same, as the very word of God, and the spiritual food of mans soule, wherby they may the better know their dueties to God, to their soueraigne Lord the kyng and theyr neighbour, euer gentlely and charitably exhortyng them, that vsing a sober and a modest behauiour in the readyng and inquisitiō of the true sence of the same, they do in no wyse stifly or egerly contend or striue one with an other, about the same, but referre the declaration of those places that be in controuersie, to the iudgement of them that be better learned.

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MarginaliaPristes not to haunt Alehouses. Also the sayd Deane, Persons, Vicars, Curates, and other priests shall in no wyse at any vnlawfull tyme, nor for any cause then for theyr honest necessitie, haunt or resort to any Tauernes or Alehouses, and after their diner & supper, they shall not geue themselues to drinkyng or riot, spending their tyme idlely, by day or by night, at tables or cardes playing, or any other vnlawfull game: but at such tymes as they shall haue such leysure, they shall read or heare somewhat of holy Scripture, or shall occupy themselues with some honest exercise, and that they alwayes do those thinges which appertayne to good congruence and honesty, with profite of þe common weale, hauing alwayes in mynd, that they ought to excell all other inpuritie of lyfe, and should be example to all other, to lyue well and christianly.

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MarginaliaPersons not resident, to pay the xl. part to their paryshes. Furthermore, because the goods of the Church are called the goodes of the poore, and in these dayes nothyng is lesse seene then the poore to be susteyned with the same, all Persones, Vicares, Prebendaries, and other beneficed men within this Deanry, not beyng resident vpon their benefices, which may despend yerely xx. li. or aboue, eyther wythin this Deanry or els where, shall distribute hereafter yearely amongs theyr poore parishoners or other inhabitāts there, in the presence of the Churchwardens, or some other honest men of the parish, the xl. parte of the fruites and reuenues of theyr sayd benefices, lest they be worthely noted of ingratitude, which reseruyng so many partes to themselues cannot vouchsafe to impart the xl. porcion therof, amongest the poore people of that parish, that is so fruitfull and profitable vnto them.

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MarginaliaEuery beneficed man worth a hundreth poūde, to finde a scholer at the vniuersitie. And to the intent that learned men may hereafter spring the more, for the executing of the sayde premisses, euery Parson, Vicare, Clarke, or beneficed man within thys Deanry, hauinge yearely to spend in benefices or other promotions of the Church, an C. poundes, shall geue competent exhibition to one scholer, and for as many C. poundes more as he may dispend, to so many scholers more shal geue like exhibition in the vniuersitie of Oxford or Cambridge, or some Grammer schoole, which after they haue profited in good learning, may be parteners of their patrones cure & charge, as well in Preaching, or otherwise in the execution of their offices, or may when neede shall be, otherwise profite the common wealth with their counsell and wisedome.

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MarginaliaBeneficed men to mayntayne their mansions. Also, that all Parsons, Vicares, and Clerkes, hauing Churches, Chappels, or mansions within thys Deanrye, shall bestowe yearely hereafter vpon the same mansions or Chauncels of their Churches beyng in decay, the v. part of those their benefices, till they shall be fully repayred, and the same so repayred they shal alwayes keepe and mainteine in good estate.

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All which and singular Iniunctions shall be inuiolably obserued of the sayd Deane, Parsons, Vicares, Curates, Stipendaries, and other Clerkes and beneficed men, vnder the payne of suspension, and sequestration of the fruits of their benefices, vntill they haue done their dueties, according to these iniunctions.

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¶ After these Iniunctions and Articles afore expressed (which were geuen about the yeare of our Lord 1536. and. 1537.) it was not aboue the space of a yeare, but other Iniunctions also were published, to the further instruction of the people in the proceedinges of religion, whereby both the Parsons of Churches, and the Parishes together were enioyned to prouide in euery church to be a Bible in Englishe, also for euery Parishoner to be taught by the Minister, to vnderstand and say the Lordes Prayer and Creede in their owne vulgare toungue, with other necessary & most fruitefull Iniunctions, the tenour whereof here foloweth.

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¶ Iniunctions exhibited. an. 1538.

MarginaliaIniunctions by the kyng. IN the name 

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These are the second Royal Injunctions of Henry VIII and they establish the programme set forth in Cromwell's Injunctions of 1536. They were a triumph for the evangelical cause and Foxe prints them in full, without amendment.

of God Amen. By the authoritie & commission of the most excellent Prince, Henry by the grace of God, king of England, and of Fraunce, defendour of þe faith, Lord of Ireland, and in earth supreme head vnder Christ, of the Church of England, I Thomas Lord Cromwell, Lord priuie seale, Vicegerent to the kinges sayd highnes for all hys iurisdiction Ecclesiasticall within this Realme, do for the aduauncement of the true honour of almighty God, encrease of vertue, and discharge of the kings maiestie, geue and exhibite vnto you N. these Iniunctions folowing to be kept, obserued, & fulfilled vpon the payne hereafter declared.

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First, that ye shall truely obserue and keepe all & singular the kynges hyghnes Iniunctions geuē vnto you heretofore in my name by his graces authoritie, not onely vpon the paynes therin expressed, but also in your default now after this second monition cōtinued, vpon further punishmēt to be straitghtly extended towardes you by the kinges highnes arbitrement or hys vicegerent aforesayd.

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MarginaliaFor the Bible to be set vp in Churches. Item, that ye shall prouide on this side the feast of N. 

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I.e. Easter 1539.

next commyng, one booke of the whole Byble of the largest volume in English, and the same set vp in some conuenient place within the sayd Church that ye haue cure of, whereas your parishoners may most commodiously resort to the same & read it. The charges of which booke shalbe ratably borne betwene you, the parson and parishoners aforesayde: that is to say, the one halfe by you, & the other halfe by thē.

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Item, that ye shall discourage no man, priuely nor apertly, from the reading or hearing of the sayd Bible, but shall expresly prouoke, stirre and exhort euery person to read the same, as that which is þe very liuely word of God, that euery Christen person is bounden to embrace, beleue, and folow, if he looke to be saued, admonishing them neuerthelesse to auoyde all contention and altercation therein, and to vse an honest sobrietie in the inquisition of the true sense of the same, and to referre the explication of the obscure places, to men of higher iudgement in scripture.

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MarginaliaThe Lords prayer to learned in Englishe. Item, that ye shall euery sonday and holy day through the yeare, openly & playnely recite to your parishners, twise or thrise together, or oftner if neede require, one article or sentence of the Pater noster, or Creede in Englishe, to the entent they may learne þe same by hart, & so frō day to day, to geue them one lyke lesson or sentēce of the same, till they haue learned the whole Pater noster, and Creede in Englishe by rote, and as they be taught euerye sentence of the same by rote, ye shall expounde & declare the vnderstanding of þe same vnto them, exhorting all parents and housholders, to teach their children and seruaunts the same, as they are bound in

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