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1259 [1258]

K. Henry. 8. George Wysehart, Martyr. Dauid Beaton, Archb. of Scotland slayne.

MarginaliaM. George Wysehart prophesieth of the death of the Cardinall, which folowed after.they will not conuert themselues from their wicked errour, there shall hastly come vpon them the wrath of God, which they shall not eschew. Many faythfull wordes sayd he in the meane tyme, takyng no heede or care of the cruell tormentes which were then prepared for hym.

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And last of all, the hangman that was his tormentor sat downe vpon hys knees, and sayd: Syr I pray you forgeue me, for I am not giltie of your death. To whom he aūswered: come hether to me. When that he was come to him, he kissed his cheeke, and sayd: Loe here is a token that I forgeue thee. My hart do thine office: and by and by, he was

The Martyrdome of M. George Wisehart.

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George Wishart's evangelical career took him from Scotland to England , where he was in trouble for his preaching at Bristol in 1539, and for which he appeared before Cranmer before being returned to do penance in the city. Later he studied at Corpus Christi College in Cambridge. His return to Scotland in 1544 on an active preaching mission (aided by Knox) only lasted two years. He was arrested in January 1546 and burned at St Andrews in March that year. Foxe's illustration, though one of the small woodcuts, was distinctive in showing him hanging as well as being burned -- compare the image of the hanging and burning of Lollards in 1414 -- and this cut was not reused.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of M. George Wisehart Gentleman and Martyr. put vppon the Gibbet and hanged, and there burnt to pouder. When that the people beheld the great tormentyng, they might not withhold from pitious mournyng and complaynyng of this innocent Lambes slaughter.

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A note of the iust punishment of God vpō the cruell Cardinall Archbyshop of Saint Andrewes, named Dauid Beaton.

MarginaliaThe iust iudgment of God vpon Dauid Beaton, a bloudy murtherer of Gods Saintes. IT was not long after the Martyrdome of the blessed mā of God M. George Wisehart aforesayd, who was put to death by Dauid Beaton, the bloudy Archbyshop and Cardinall of Scotland, as is aboue specified, an. 1546. the first day of March, but the sayd Dauid Beaton Archbyshop of S. Andrewes, by the iust reuenge of MarginaliaThe death of Dauid Beaton Archb. of Saint Andrewes. Gods mighty iudgement, was slayne within his own Castle of S. Andrewes by þe handes of one Lech & other Gentlemē, who by the Lord styrred vp, brake in sodeinly into his Castle vpon him, and in his bed murthered him the same yeare, the last day of May, crying out: Alas, alas, slay me not, I am a Priest. And so lyke a butcher he lyued, and like a butcher he dyed, and lay 7. monethes and more vnburyed, & at last like a carion buryed in a dunghill. an. 1546. 

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Beaton was in fact killed on 29 May 1546.

Maij vlt. Ex histor. impressa.

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MarginaliaIohn Hamelton Archbishop of S. Andrewes. After this Dauid Beaton, succeeded Iohn Hamelton Archbyshop of S. Andrewes. an. 1549. 

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Adam Wallace's trial and execution in fact took place in or around July 1550, the month in which the expenses of his imprisonment in Edinburgh Castle were paid.

who to the entent that he would in no wayes appeare inferiour to his predecessour in augmentyng the number of the holy Martyrs of God, MarginaliaIohn Hamelton a persecutour. 
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This is a wholly misleading judgement on Hamilton, who in fact abandoned his predecessor's confrontational policy towards evangelical heresy and adopted a reform programme which embraced significant parts of the evangelical agenda. See Alec Ryrie, 'Reform without frontiers in the last years of Catholic Scotland' in English Historical Review vol. 119 (2004), 27-56.

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in the next yeare followyng called a certaine poore man to iudgement, whose name was Adam Wallace. The order and maner of whose story here foloweth.

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The story and Martyrdome of Adam Wallace in Scotland.

MarginaliaAdam Wallace, Martyr. THere was set vpon a scaffolde made hard to the Chauncelary wall of the blacke Friers Church in Edinbrough on seates made therupon, the Lord Gouernour. Aboue him at his backe sat M. Gawin Hamelton Deane of Glasgue, Marginalia[illegible text] representing the Metropolitane Pastor thereof. Vpon a seat on hys right hand sat the Archb. of S. Andrewes. At his backe, and aside somewhat stoode the Officiall of Lowthiane. Next to the Byshop of S. Andrewes, the bishop of Dumblane, the byshop of Murray, the Abbot of Dunfermling, the Abbot of Glenluce, wyth other Churchmen of lower estimation, Marginalia[illegible text] as the Officiall of S. Andrewes and other Doctours of that nest and Citie. And at the other end of the seate sat Maister Vchiltrie. On his left hand sat the Earle of Argyle Iustice, wyth his Deputye Syr Iohn Campbell of Lundy vnder his feete. Next hym the Earle of Huntly. Then the Earle of Anguish, the Byshop of Gallaway, the Prior of S. Andrewes, the Bish. of Orknay, the L. Forbes, Dane Iohn Wynrime Suppriour of S. Andrewes, and behinde the seates stoode the whole senate, the Clarke of the Register. &c.

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At the further end of the Chauncelary wall in the pulpit was placed M. Iohn Lauder Parson of Marbottle accuser, clad in a Surplice, and a red hood, and a great Congregation of the whole people in the body of the church, stāding on the ground. After that, Syr Iohn Ker Prebendary of S. Gyles Church was accused, conuicted, and condemned, for the false making and geuing forth of a sentence of diuorce, and thereby falsly diuorced and parted a man and hys lawfull wyfe in the name of the Deane of Roscalrige and certayne other Iudges appointed by the holy Father the Pope. Marginalia[illegible text] He graunted the falshood, and that neuer any such thing was done in deede, nor yet ment nor moued by the foresayd Iudges, and was agreed to be banished the realmes of Scotland and England for hys lyfe tyme, and to lose hys right hand, if he were found or apprehended therin hereafter, and in the meane tyme to leaue his benefices for euer, and they to be vacant.

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Marginalia[illegible text] After that was brought in Adā Wallace, a simple poore man in appearance, conueyed by Iohn of Cunnoke seruant to the B. of S. Andrewes, and set in the middest of þe scaffold, who was commaunded to looke to the accuser: who asked him what was hys name. He aunswered, Adam Wallace. The accuser MarginaliaIohn [illegible text] his [illegible text] sayd, he had an other name, which he graunted, and sayd he was commonly called Feane. MarginaliaAdam [illegible text] otherwise [illegible text] Iohn Feane. Then asked he where he was borne? Within two myle of Fayle (sayd he) in Kyle. Then sayd the accuser, I repent that euer such a poore man as you should put these noble Lordes to so great encombrance thys day by your vayne speakyng. And I must speake (sayd he) as God geueth me grace, and I beleue I haue sayd no euill to hurt any body. Would god (sayd the accuser) ye had neuer spokē, but you are brought forth for so horrible crimes of heresie, as neuer was imagined in thys countrey of before, and shall be sufficiently proued, that ye can not deny it: and I forethinke that it should be heard, for hurting of weake consciences. Now I wyll ye thee no more, and and thou shalt heare the pointes that thou art accused of.

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Adam Wallace aliás Feane, thou art openly delated & accused for preaching, saying, and teaching of the blasphemies and abominable heresies vnderwritten. MarginaliaThe [illegible text] of the [illegible text] alter. In the first, thou hast sayd and taught, that the bread and wyne on the altar, after the wordes of consecration, are not the body and bloud of Iesu Christ. He turned to the Lord Gouernour, and Lords aforesayd, saying: MarginaliaThe [illegible text] Adam [illegible text] I sayd neuer nor taught nothyng, but that I found in this booke and writte (hauyng there a Bible at his belte, in French, Dutch and English) which is the worde of God, and if you will be content that the Lord God and his worde be Iudge to me and this his holy writ, here it is, and where I haue sayd wrong, I shall take what punishment you will put to me: for I neuer said nothyng concerning this that I am accused of, but that which I found in thys writte.

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What diddest thou say, sayd the accuser? I sayd (quoth he) that after our Lord Iesus Christ had eaten the Pascall Lambe in hys latter Supper wyth his Apostles, and fulfilled the ceremonies of the olde law, he instituted a new Sacrament in remembraunce of his death then to come. He tooke bread, he blessed, and brake it, and gaue it to hys Disciples, and sayde: Take ye, eate ye, thys is my bodye, which shall be broken and geuen for you: And lykewise the cuppe, blessed, and badde them drinke all therof, for that was the cup of the new testament, whych shoulde be shedde for the forgeuing of many. How oft ye do thys, do it in my remembraunce. 

Commentary  *  Close

This does not follow any of the Biblical institution narratives precisely, but is closest to Luke 22:19-20.

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MarginaliaMath. 26. Then sayd the B. of S. Andrewes, and the Official of Lowthiane, with the Deane of Glasgue, and many other Prelates: MarginaliaThe Archb. of S. Andrewes speaketh.
The Earle of Huntly speaketh.
We know this well enough. The earle of Hūtly sayd: thou aunswerest not to that which is laide to thee: say either nay or yea therto. He answered, if ye wyll admitte God & his word spoken by the mouth of hys blessed sonne Iesus Christ our Lord & Sauiour, ye wyll admit that I haue sayd: for I haue sayd or taught nothing, but that

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