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1421 [1396]

Q. Mary. Thinges done in the first yeare of Queene Mary.

The thyrd of October, the Vicechauncellour of Cambridge did challenge one M. Pierson, for that hee ministred still the Communion in his owne Parishe, and did receiue straungers of other Parishes to the same, and would not say Masse. Wherupon within ij. dayes after, he was cleane discharged from farther ministryng in his Cure.

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Vpō the Wedēsday folowyng the Archbyshop of Yorke, was committed to the Tower.

MarginaliaQ. Mary rydeth to the Parlament house.Vppon Thursday beyng the v. of October. 1553. the Queene road to the Parliament in her robes, and all the nobilitie with her, and when they were set in the Parliament house the Byshop of Winchester made to them a solemne Oration, and Sergeant Pollard MarginaliaSergeant Pollard speaker in the Parlament. was chosen speaker of the Parliament. The same day the Bishops of Lincolne, Harford, and Westchester, were discharged from the Parliament and Conuocation.

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MarginaliaThe Earle of Huntington deliuered out of the Tower.Also the x. day of October the Earle of Huntyngton was deliuered out of the Tower.

MarginaliaM. Saunders for preaching agaynst the Masse committed to the Marshalsey.Vppon the Sonday after beyng the xv. of October, Maister Laurence Saunders preached at Allhallowes in Bredstreete in the mornyng: where he declared the abhomination of the Masse, with diuers other matters very notably and godly. Wherof more shall bee heard (by the Lordes leaue) hereafter when we come to his story. In which his doyng, as he shewed hym selfe to bee Gods faythfull Minister so is he sure not to be defrauded of Gods faythfull promise, who sayth: Omnis qui confitebitur me coram hominibus, confitebor & ego illum coram patre meo qui est in cœlis. Mathæi. 10. But about noone of the same day hee was sent for by the Bishop of London, and from thence committed to the Marshalsee.

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MarginaliaD. Westons Popish Sermon at Paules.Vpon the Sonday followyng beyng the xx. of October Doctour Weston preached at Paules Crosse. 

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The account of Weston's Paul Cross sermon of 22 October 1553 (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466) was clearly based on someone's notes. (By the way, Foxe refers to a rebuttal of this sermon by Coverdale; this has not survived).

Who in the begynnyng of his Sermon willed the people to pray for the soules departed on this wise: You shall pray for all thē that be departed, that be neither in heauen, nor hell, but in a place not yet sufficiently purged to come to heauen, that they may be releued by your deuoute prayers. He named the Lordes table an oyster board. He sayd that the Catechisme in Latin lately set out was abhominable heresie, and lykened the setters out of the same Catechisme to Iulianus Apostata, and the booke to a Dialogue set out by the sayd Iulianus Apostata, wherin Christ and Pylate were the speakers: with many other thynges. MarginaliaWestons sermon confuted by M. Couerdale.Which Sermon with all the poyntes therof M. Couerdall the same tyme learnedly confuted by writyng, which remayneth yet in my handes to be sene.

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In the weeke followyng, began the disputations in the conuocation house in Paules Church, whereof sufficient hath bene before declared, pag. 1340.

The. xxvj. day of October, the Vicechauncellour of Cābridge went to Clarehall, and in the presence of Doctour Walker, displaced Doctour Madew, and placed Maister Swynborne in the Maistershyp there, by force of the Lord Chauncellours letters, for that he was (as they termed it) Vxoratus, that is, maryed.

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MarginaliaRunning before the law:The. xxviij. day of October, the Papistes in the kynges colledge in Cambridge (not tarying the making of any law, but of their blynde zeale) had their whole seruice agayne in the Latin toung, contrary to the law then in force.

The last of October, the Vicechauncellour of Cambridge, dyd sharpely reproue and threaten one M. Thrackold, for that he challenged the sayd Vicechauncelour, who had suffered Maister Bouell (contrary to the statutes then in force) quietly without punishment to depart, notwithstandyng that hee refused to sweare to the supremacy of the Queene, and the abrogation of the Byshop of Rome.

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MarginaliaThe Queenes procedinges maintayned in Cambridge before the law.The thyrd day of Nouember, the Vicechaūcellour sent for the Curate of the round Parish in Cambridge, 

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The curate of the Round Parish (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466) was the curate of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Cambridge, which is round rather than cruciform in shape.

commaundyng hym not to minister any more in the Englishe toung, saying: he would haue one vniforme order of seruice throughout the Towne, and that in Latine, with Masse, which was established the xij. day of thys moneth.

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The. vj. day of Nouember, M. Pollard preached at S. Michaels, and in his Sermon approued Purgatory.

The. xxviij. day of Nouember the Archdeacons Officiall visited in Hynton, where he gaue in charge to present all such as dyd disturbe the Queenes proceedynges, in lettyng the Latine seruice, the settyng vp of their altars, and saying of Masse, or any part thereof: whereby it was easie to see how these good fellowes ment to proceede, hauyng the law once on their side, that thus readely agaynst a manifest law would attempt the punishment of any man.

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The. xv. day of December, there was two Proclamations at London: MarginaliaK. Edwardes actes repealed.the one for the repealyng of certaine Actes made by kyng Edward, and for the settyng vppe of the Masse, for the. xx. day of December then next followyng: the other was, that no man should interrupt any of those that would say Masse.

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The Parliament beginning about the. v. day of October, continued till the v. day of December. In the whichee Parliament were dissolued as well all Statutes made of Premunire in the tyme of kyng Henry. viij. &c. as also other lawes and statutes coucernyng religion and administration of Sacramentes decreed vnder kyng Edward the vj. as is partly aboue touched. In the whiche Parliament moreouer was appointed the. xx. day of December next ensuyng the same yeare. 1553. that all the olde forme and manner of Church seruice, vsed in the last yeare of kyng Henry, should now agayne be restored.

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On Newyeares euen beyng the last of December, the Lorde Marques of Northampton was deliuered out of the Tower.

MarginaliaA priest of Cant. repenting his saying Masse.About this tyme a Priest at Caunterbury sayd Masse on the one day and the next day after he came into þe Pulpyt and desired all the people to forgiue hym, for he sayd he had betrayd Christ, but not as Iudas dyd, but as Peter dyd, and there made a long Sermon agaynst the Masse.

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The day after Newyeares day beyng the second day of Ianuary, in the yeare of our Lord. 1554. foure Ambassadours came into London from the Emperour, & were honorably receiued. Their names were these. Le Coūty de Egmount, Le County de Lalen, Mounsieur Corire, Le Chauncellour Nigre.

About this tyme a great number of newe Byshoppes, Deanes. &c. were chosen, more then were made at one tyme since the Conquest. Their names are these.  

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Some egregious inaccuracies come in a list of Mary's episcopal appointments (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1467). Maurice Griffith's name is given only as 'Mores'. David Pole, who later became Bishop of Peterborough, is listed as Bishop of St. Asaph instead of Thomas Goldwell, the true holder of the see. Thomas Rainolds, who was made Dean of Exeter, is stated to have been made Dean of Bristol (Henry Joliffe actually got this post) and John Moreman is mistakenly declared to have been made Bishop of Exeter. What is revealing here is not only that Foxe must have been repeating errors given by his source, but that if he had made even cursory inquiries, he would have readily discovered that they were errors. (It is also revealing of a larger problem in the Acts and Monuments that all of these errors concern clergy in the west, southwest and Wales, areas about which Foxe was always sketchily informed).

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MarginaliaNew Byshops made.
D. Holymā B. of Bristow.
D Coates Bysh. of West-
chester.
D. Hopton Bysh. of Nor-
wiche.
D. Bourne Bysh. of Bath.
D. White B. of Lyncolne.
D. Mores B. of Rochester.
D. Morgan Bysh. of Saint
Dauyes.
D. Poole B. of Saint Asse.

D. Brookes Bysh. of Glo-
cester.
D. Moreman coadiutor to
the Byshop of Exceter
and after his deceasse
Byshop of Exceter.
D. Glin Bishop of Bāgor.
M. Fecknam Deane of
Paules.
D. Raynoldes Deane of
Bristow, with others.

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The. xij. day of Ianuary, the Vicechauncellour of Cambridge called a congregation generall, wherein amongest other thynges, he shewed that the Queene would haue there a Masse of the holy Ghost vpon the xviij. day of February then next followyng, for that it was her byrth day, whiche was fulfilled the day appointed, and that very solemnely.

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Vpon the Saterday beyng the xiij. of Ianuary, D. Crome MarginaliaD. Crome committed to the Fleete. was committed to the Fleete. Also, vpon the Sonday followyng one M. Addyngton was committed to the Tower. Also this same Sonday knowledge was giuen in the Court opēly by the Byshop of Winchester that the Mariage betwene the Quenes Maiestie & the kyng of Spaine was concluded, MarginaliaThe mariage of Q. Mary. and the day followyng, beyng Monday and the xv. of Ianuary, the Maior, with the Aldermen and certaine Commoners were at the Court, and there they were commaunded by the Lord Chauncellour to prepare the Citie ready to receaue the said kyng of Spayne, who declared vnto thē what a Catholicke, mighty, prudent & wise Prince the sayd kyng is, with many other commendations of hym.

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Vpon the Saterday folowing beyng the xx. of Ianuary, the Court of the first fruites and tenthes was dissolued.

Vpon the Thursday at night folowyng the xxv. day of Ianuary, the Lord Marques of Northampton was agayne committed to the Tower, and sir Edward Warnar with him. Who were brought to the Tower by the Maior.

Vpon the Saterday followyng beyng the xxvj. of Ianuary, MarginaliaIustice Hales committed to the Marshalsey. Iustice Hales was committed to the Marshalsee, and the same day MarginaliaMaister Rogers committed to Newgate. maister Rogers was committed to New gate. Vpon this Saterday, Sonday, and Monday followyng the Londiners prepared a number of souldiours (by the Queenes commaundement) to go into Kent agaynst the Commons: wherof were chief Captaines the Duke of Northfolke, the Earle of Wormewood, sir Harry Iernyngham, sir George Haward, and x. other Captaines. Which souldiours whē they came to Rochester bridge, where they should haue set vppon their enemyes, most of them (as it is sayd) left their own Captaines and came wholy to the Kentishmen, & so the foresayd Captaines returned to the Court both voyde of men and victory, leauyng behynd them both vj. peeces of ordinaunce, and treasure.

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About the latter ende of Ianuary, the Duke of Suffolke with his brethren departed from his house at Shene, and tooke his viage into Leycester shyre. 

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The value of his sources might have been considerably enhanced were it not for Foxe's rigorous self-censorship on anything connecting protestants to treason or rebellion. This reaches almost farcical lengths in Foxe's account of Suffolk; a reader of Foxe, with no other information, would be unaware that Suffolk led a rebellion. Rather the duke 'tooke hys voyage into Leycester shyre' (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467); Foxe does not mention the rebellion and here he does not mention Suffolk's capture (he had described it earlier). Foxe never states that Suffolk was convicted of treason, only that he was sentenced to death (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

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After whom was sent the Earle of Huntyngton to take hym and bryng hym to London, who proclaymed the sayd Duke traytor by the way as he roade.

And thus passyng to the moneth of February, here is

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