Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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260 [259]

K. Henry .2. Waldenses. Incidencies in the reigne of K. Henry.

ticorum Valdensium ignoret a longe retro annis factā, tam famosam, tam publicam, tot et tantis laboribus, expensis, et sudoribus fidelium insecutam, et tot mortibus ipsorum infidelium solenniter damnatorum, publiceq̀ punitorum tam fortiter figillatam. &c. That is: who is such a straunger, that knoweth not the condemnation of Valdenses the heretikes, done & past so many yeares ago: so famous, so publike, folowed vpon with so great labours, expenses, and trauayle of the faythfull, and sealed with so many deathes of these infidels, so solemnly beyng condemned and openly punished. MarginaliaAntichrist with whom he first began his persecution.Whereby we may see persecution to be no new thyng in the church of Christ, when Antichrist so long before (euen 300. yeres) began to rage agaynst these Valdēses. In Bohemia likewise after that, the same called by the name of Thaborites (as Siluius recordeth) suffred no little trouble. But neuer persecution was stirred vp agaynst them or any other people more terrible, then was in these latter yeares in Fraunce, by the French kyng. an. 1545. which lamentable story is described in Sleidan: and here after in the proces of this booke, as we come to the order of yeares, shall be set forth (by the grace of Christ) more at large. MarginaliaAn horrible murther of Christes holy martyrs.In the whiche persecution is declared in one towne Cabriera to be slayne by the Captayine of Sathan (Minerius) eight hūdred persons at once, without respect of women or children of any age: Of whome, 40. women (and most of them great with chyld, thrust into a barne and the wyndowes kept with pykes, and so fire set to them) were all consumed. Besides, in a caue not farre from the towne Mussium, to the number of. xxv. persons with smoke and fire were the same tyme destroyed: MarginaliaMinerius an horrible persecutor.At Merindolum, the same tyrant (seyng all the rest were fled away, findyng one yong man) caused hym to be tyed to an Oliue tree, & to be destroyed with tormentes most cruelly: with much other persecution as may appeare hereafter, in the history translated out of Sleidan into English.

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MarginaliaA Glouer suffered martyrdome in Cheron.But to returne agayne to higher tymes from whence we digressed. Besides that, Reinerius (aboue mentioned) speaketh of one in the towne Cherō, a glouer, which was brought in his tyme to execution, and suffred. There is also an olde Monument of proces, Marginalia443. brought to examination.wherein appeareth 443. brought to examination in Pomerania, Marchia, and places there about: about the yeare of our Lord. 1391.

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And thus muche touchyng the originall, doctrine and the lamentable persecutions of the Valdenses: who (as is declared) first began about the tyme of this kyng Henry the second.

¶ Other incidencies happenyng in the raigne of this Henry the second. 
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Other incidents of Henry II's reign

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaIncidencies in the reigne of K. Henry the. 2.COncernyng the first origine of Waldenses, springyng in the dayes of this kyng, is sufficiently hetherto declared. Now remayneth in lyke order of tyme, to story also such other incidencies, as chaunced vnder the raigne of the sayd kyng, not vnworthy to be obserued, keeping the order of tyme, so neare as we may, and as authors do geue vnto vs.

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MarginaliaBecket a dissoluer of mariages.Mary the daughter of kyng Stephen (beyng the Abbesse of Ramessey) was maryed in this kynges dayes to Mathew Earle of Bolon, which mariage Thomas Becket dyd worke agaynst and did dissolue: by reason whereof he procured hym great displeasure wyth the sayd Earle. &c. an. 1161. Ex Chronico Bibliothecæ Cariensis.

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MarginaliaTwo children crucified by the Iewes.The same yeare a certaine child was crucified of the Iewes in the towne of Glocester, an. 1161. Iornalens. After the same maner the wicked Iewes had crucified an other child before in the Citie of Norwiche, in the dayes of kyng Stephan, an. 1145.

A collection was gathered through all England and Fraunce (two pence of euery pound) for the succour of the East Christians agaynst the Turkes. an. 1167. ex eodem. MarginaliaBabilon vtterly destroyed.

Babylon was taken, and destroyed, and neuer since repayred, by Almaricus kyng of Hierusalem. an. 1170. Ex vetusto manuscripto exemplari historiæ Cariensis.

An. 1173. almost all England was diseased with the cough, Ex vetusto Chron. acephalo. About which yeare also William kyng of Scots was taken in battaile, and imprisoned in England.

MarginaliaThe holy crosse taken with the citie of Ierusalē, by the Saracans.
Persecutiō of the Turke against the Christians
Great warre happened in Palestina: where in, the Citie Ierusalem with the crosse and the kyng of the Citie, & other of the temple was taken of the Saracenes, and most part of the Christians there either slayne or taken. Cruell murther and slaughter there was vsed by the Turke, who caused all the chief of the Christiās to be brought forth and beheaded before his face. In somuch that Pope Vrbanus the iij. for sorrow dyed: and Gregory the viij. next pope after hym, liued not ij. monethes. Thē in the dayes of pope Cle-ment. iij. (newes and sorow growyng dayly for the losse of Palestina, and destruction of the Christians) k. Henry of England, & Phillip the Frēch king, the Duke of Burgūdy, the Earle of Flaunders, the Earle of Campania, with diuers other Christian Princes, with a generall consent: MarginaliaA viage agaynst the Turkes.vpon S. Georges day, tooke the marke of the crosse vpon them, promising together to take their viage into the holy land. MarginaliaHow the difference of the crosses first came in among christen princesAt which tyme the stories say, the kyng of England receaued first the redde crosse, the Fench kyng tooke the white crosse, the Earle of Flaunders the greene crosse, & so other princes diuersly, diuers coulours: thereby to be discerned euery one by his proper crosse. But kyng Henry (after the three yeares were expired, in which he promised to performe his viage) sent to the Pope for further delay of hys promise, offeryng for the same to erect three Monasteries. Which thyng he thus performed: MarginaliaThe kynges promise fulfilled to the PopeIn the church of Waltham he thrust out the secular Priestes, and set in Monkes for them. Secondly, he repayred agayne and brought in the Nūnes of Amesbury, which before were excluded for their incontinent life. And thus performed he his promise made before to the Pope. an. 1173.

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MarginaliaKing of Scots doing homage to the kyng of EnglandThe kyng of Scots dyd his homage and allegeaunce to the kyng of England and to his sonne, as to his chief Lordes: promising that all the Earles & Barons of Scotland should do the lyke with their posteritie. MarginaliaThe church of Scotland ordered by the church of Yorke.Item, all the Byshops and Abbots of the Church of Scotland promised subiection and submission to the Archbishop of Yorke an. 1175. Nic. Triuet.

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MarginaliaMurtherers could not be punished by the popes decrees.The custome was in this realme, that if any had killed any Clerke or Priest: he was not to be punished with the temporall sword, but onely excommunicate & sent to Rome for the Popes grace and absolution. Which custome in the dayes of this kyng began first to be altered by the procurement of Richard Archbyshop of Canterbury, an. 1176. Triuet.

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MarginaliaLondon bridge of stone.London bridge first began to be made of stone by one Peter Priest of Colechurch. an. 1176. Ex chron cuius initiū: In diebus sanctis. regis Edouardi, &c. ex Bibliot. Cariensi.

MarginaliaS. William of Paris.S. Williā of Paris was slayne of the Iewes on maundy thursday, wherfore the Iewes were burned, & he counted a saint, an. 1177.

MarginaliaIreland subdued to England.Ireland subdued to the crown of Englād by this kyng, an. 1177. ex varijs chron. MarginaliaPilgrimage to Canterbury sprang by a lying vision.

Vnder the raigne of the sayd kyng Henry, about the 25. yeare of his reigne, Ludouicus the French king (by the vision of Thomas Becket, appearyng to hym in his dreame, and promising to him the recouery of his sonne if he would resort to hym at Canterbury) made his iourney into England to visite S. Thomas at Caunterbury with Phillip Earle of Flaunders: where he offred a rich cup of gold, with other pretious iewels, and a C. vessels of wyne yearely to be geuen to the Couent of the church of Canterbury: notwithstanding the sayd Phillip in his returne from England takyng his iourney to Paris, to visite S. Denis, in the same his pilgrimage was striken with such cold, that he fell into a palsey, and was benommed of the right side of his body, MarginaliaA iuste reward for an idolatrous viage.an. 1178. Iornalensis & alij.

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Stephanus Episcopus Redomonsis, was wont to make many rymes, and gaudishe prose, to delite the eares of the multitude, to whom a litle before his death, this verse was sounded in his eare. Desine ludere temere, nitere propere surgere, de puluere. an. 1178. Nic. Triuet.

MarginaliaTransubstātiation gaynsayd.Albingenses denyed transubstantiation in the Sacrament of Christes body and bloud, about the Citie of Tholose, also that matrimonie was not a Sacrament. &c. an. 1178 ibidem.

MarginaliaQueene Alionor imprisoned.Kyng Henry separated himselfe from his wife Alionor, and held her many yeares in prison, as some thinke for the loue of Rosamūde. Which semeth to me to be the cause, why God afterward styred all his sonnes vp to warre agaynst him, and to worke him much sorow. an. 1179. Nic. Triuet. Notwithstandyng the sayd Alionor was shortly after reconciled to him.

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S. Frideswide was translated vnto Oxford. an. 1179.

An. 1180 There came to the Councell of Pope Alexander, one Pisanus Burgundio, a man very cunnyng both in Greeke and Latin, which brought and presented to the Councell the Homelies of Chrisostome vpon the Gospell of S. Ihon, MarginaliaExpositions made by Chris. both of the olde & new testament.translated out of Greeke into Latin, and sayd that he had translated likewise a great part of his exposition vpon Genesis, saying moreouer that the sayd Christostome had made expositions in Greeke vpon the whole old Testament, and also the new. an. 1180.

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MarginaliaThe charter house monkes.The Monkes of Charterhouse, first entred into this land. an. 1180.

An. 1181. Richard Pech Byshop of Couentry, before

his
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