Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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263 [262]

K. Richard I. Strife betwene Baldwine Archb. <the Mōkes of Cant.

gardeuiance, all full of wrath and indignation, for that they durst be so bold, not waityng for hym, to begin gods seruice, and so eftsones commaunded the Quire to stay & hold their peace. The Chaūter likewyse, by vertue of hys office, commaunded the same. MarginaliaThe Deane & treasurer would not cease euēsong at the archbishops commaundemēt.But the Deane and Treasurer on þe other side willed them to procede, and so they song on, and would not stint. Thus the one halfe crying agaynst the other, the whole Quire was in a roare, their singyng was turned to scolding, their chaūtyng to chidyng, and if in stead of þe Organes they had had a Drumme, I doubt, they would haue solfed by the eares together.

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MarginaliaThe Archb. beginneth euensong agayne beyng halfe done before.At last, through the authoritie of the Archb. and of the Chaunter, the Quier began to surcease and geue silence. Then the new elect not contented with that had bene song before, with certeyne of the Quiere beganne the Euensong new agayne. MarginaliaThe treasurer putteth out the candels at euensong.The Treasurer vpon the same caused, by vertue of hys office, the candles to be put out. Wherby þe Euensong hauing no power further to procede, was stopped forthwith. For like as without the light and beames of þe sunne there is nothyng but darkenes in all the world: euen so you must vnderstand, MarginaliaThe Popes Church can do nothyng without candle lyght.the Popes Church can see to do nothing without candle light, albeit the Sunne do shyne neuer so cleare and bright. This beyng so, the archb. thus disapointed on euery side of hys purpose, made a greuous plaint, declaryng to the Clergy and to the people, what the Deane and Treasurer had done, MarginaliaThe Deane & Church of Yorke suspēded by the Archb. frō diuine seruice.and so vpon the same suspended both them and the church from all deuine seruice, till they should make to hym due satisfaction for their trespasse.

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The next day, which was the day of Epiphany, when all the people of the Citie were assembled in the Cathedrall church (as their maner was, namely in such feasts) deuoutly to heare deuine seruice (as they call it) of the church, there was also present the Archb. and the Chaunter, with the residue of the Clergy, loking when the Deane and Treasurer would come and submit themselues, makyng satisfaction for their crime. MarginaliaThe stoutnes of the Deane and Treasurer in not submitting themselues to the Archb.But they still cōtinuyng in their stoutnes, refused so to do, reclaimyng and vttering cōtemptuous wordes agaynst the Archb. and hys partakers. MarginaliaThe people incensed agaynst the Deane of Yorke and his Canons.Which whē the people heard, they in a great rage would haue fallen vpō them, but the Archb. would not suffer that. The Dean thē and hys fellowes perceauing the stirre of the people, for feare, like prety men were fayne to flie, some to the tombe of S. William of Yorke, some ran to the Deanes house, and there shrowded themselues: whom the archbishop then accursed. And so for that day the people returned home without any seruice. Ex veteri Chronico manu scripto, cui initium: Anno gratiæ. Milles. &c.

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MarginaliaK. Richard prepareth toward his iourney.After this king Richard preparyng to set all thinges in an order before hys goyng, MarginaliaWilliā bysh. of Ely the kings Chaūncelor, and Hugh bysh. of Durham made chiefe ouerseers of the Realme in the kyngs absence.committed the whole gouernement of the realme principally to William Byshop of Ely his Chauncelour, & to Hugh B. of Durham, whom he ordayned to be chief Iustices of all England in his absēce, the one to haue custody of the Tower, with þe ouersight of all other partes of the land on this side of Humber: the other (which was the B. of Durham) to haue charge vpon all other hys dominions beyond Humber: MarginaliaWilliā Bysh. of Ely made the Popes Legate in England and Scotland.Sendyng moreouer to Pope Clement in the behalfe of the foresayd Williā B. of Ely, to be made the Popes Legate through all England and Scotland, which also was obteyned. Thus þe B. beyng aduaunced in hygh authoritie, to furnish the kyng toward his settyng forth, prouideth out of euery city in England ij. Palfreys and ij. sumpters, and out of euery Abbay, one palfrey, and one sumpter.

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These things and other thus set in a stay, the kyng accordyng to his former appoyntment, about the tyme of Easter, sayled to France, where the French king and he conferring together, because they could not make redy at þt time of Easter, concluded to take a longer day, proroging their voyage till after midsommer. In which meane tyme the king occupying hymselfe in redressing and stablishyng such things as further were to be ordered, there determined that Gaufridus & Iohn his brethrē should not enter into England in 3. yeres after his departure: Neuertheles he released that band afterward to hys brother Iohn. MarginaliaCaptaines & Constables of the kyngs nauie appoynted.Then he appoynted the Captains and Constables ouer his nauy, & set lawes to be obserued in hys iourney vpon the seas. But especially his care was to make vnitie and concord betwene parties that were at variance, and to set them together at one. MarginaliaThe long cōtentiō betwen Baldewyne Archb. of Canterb. & the Monkes of Christes Church.At which tyme the long contention began also to be appeased which so many yeres had continued betwene Baldwinus Archb. of Cant. and hys Monkes of Christs church. 

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Strife at Canterbury

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

The discourse wherof although it would be somwhat tedious to be set forth at large being enough to make a whole tragedy, yet to the intent þe age now present may see what great conflicts and disquietnes, vpon what little trifles haue ben stirred vp, what little peace and vnity hath bene not only in this Church, but commonly in all other churches, vnder þe popes Catholicke regiment: I thought it labour not ill bestowed, somewhat to intermedle in openyng to the eyes of the Reader, the consideration of this matter. MarginaliaArchbyshops of Canterbury commōly were wont to worke the kinges of England much sorrow.Wherin first is to be vnderstand that the Archbishops of Cant. cōmonly beyng set vp by the Pope, especially since, þe tyme of þe Cōquest, haue put the kings of this land to much sorrow and trouble: as appeared by William Rufus & Lancfranck, and also Anselme. By Henry 1. and Anselme, king Stephen & Theobald. Henry 2. and Becket &c. MarginaliaKings of Englād euer carefull about the chusing of the Archb. and wherfore.
Ex Chron. Geruasij.
For which þe kyngs of this land haue vsed the more care & circumspection, to haue such Archbishops placed in that sea, as either should stande with them, or at least should not be agaynst them.

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Now to the purpose of our matter intended. First after Lanfrancus who was Archb. xx. yeares, the Sea standing vacant v. yeres, succeded Anselmus, and sat 17. yeres. After whom the Sea stādyng vacant 4. yeres, succeded Radulphus, and continued 9. yeares. Then followed William, who sate* Marginalia* Or xv. as some reken.12. yeres, and dyed an. 1137. After whome came Theobaldus in the tyme of kyng Stephen. This Theobaldus beyng no great fauourer of the Monkish generatiō, fell out with Ieremias Prior of the house of Cant. for certaine causes betwene them: for the which the Archb. taking stomacke agaynst the Prior would lay the sentence of interdiction against hym. MarginaliaIeremie the Prior of Cant. appealeth to Pope Innocent.The Prior seyng that, to saue himself, made his appeale to Pope Innocent. MarginaliaIeremie the Prior deposed by the Archb.The Archb. prouoked the more by that, deposed hym from the Priorship, and placed one Walter in his roome, Ieremias notwithstanding makyng hys complaint and appeale to Rome, obteined letters from the Pope to Henry B. of Wint. beyng the popes Legate: MarginaliaIeremie restored to his place agayne by the Pope.by vertue wherof, he against the hart of the Archbishop was restored, and Walter displaced. Neuertheles þe sayd Ieremy, not willing there to continue with displeasure of the Archb. shortly after of his owne accord renounced his Prioritie, and Walter againe was receaued in hys stead. MarginaliaConcilium Remense. an. 1140.Not long after this followed the general Councell of Rhemes. an. 1140. To þe which councell Theobald cōtrary to the commaundement of the king, would nedes resorte, to shew his obedience to the Pope, wherfore at his returning home againe the king toke such displeasure with him, that within a while after the Archbishop was driuen to voyde the realme and flie into Fraunce: where he by censure of interdiction suspended diuers Churches and religious houses which refused to come to the Councell, and also hearing how the king had seized vpon all his goodes, he interdicted likewise all the kinges landes, what soeuer belonged to the crowne, so that the king in conclusion was fain to compoūd with him, and fall to agreement, which was about the yere, 1148. Ex Geruasio.

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MarginaliaA friuolous strife betwene Theobalde Archb. and Siluester Abbot of S. Austens, about the place, in what Church the Abbot should take his consecration.After this in the yeare of our Lord. 1151. after the death of Hugh Abbot of S. Austens in Cant. Siluester was elected by the Couent to be their Abbot, in the reign of king Stephen. Which Siluester when he came to Theobald ēe Archb. to make his profession of subiection vnto hym, and to receaue of hym consecration: the Archb. was contented, so that the Abbot would come to Christes church in Cant. and there make hys profession. But to this Siluester in no case would graunt, to take his consecration there, but els in any other Church wheresoeuer the Archbishop would, he was contented. Wherunto when the Archbish. in no wyse would agree, MarginaliaSiluester goeth vp to Rome.Siluester making a great bag of money, went to Rome, where he obteined of the pope, for mony (for what can not money do at Rome?) letters that the Archbishop should consecrate the Abbot, in his own church of S. Austen, and also not exact of hym any profession of canonicall subiection. Whereupon the Archb. was compelled against hys will, to come to the Abbots Church, and there at the Popes commaundement to consecrate hym simply, & without any further profession to be required.

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MarginaliaThe Monkes of Christes Church striue agaynst the Monkes of S. Austen in Cant. for the honour of their house.Then Walter Prior of Christes Church in Cant. seyng that, and perceauyng how preiudiciall and derogatory the example therof would be to the honor and maiesty of their Church, through counsell of hys brethren, went thither, & notwithstandyng the dores were straitly watched & kept, yet by meanes he at last gate in. And as he saw the Archb. attired in his pontificalibus ready to minister consecration to the Abbot, MarginaliaWalter Prior of Christes Church appealeth the Archb. vp to Rome.he stepped straight to the Archb. and eftsones appealeth him vp to Rome, for the great iniurie wrought against the Church of Cant. forbiddyng him in the name of hym to whom he appealed, not to procede any further. And so this holy cōsecration was for þt present time stayd. MarginaliaSyluester trudgeth agayne to Rome.For þe which Siluester with a new purse of money was faine to trauaile and trot againe to Rome. Where he complainyng of the Archb. and accusing him of contempt to the Pope in not executing the commaundement sent down, obteineth againe new letters with more effectuall charge to the fore-

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