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441 [417]

K. Edward. 3. Confessors and Martyrs. Variance for crosse bearing.

my brestes stand astrut with the riches of them. &c. Lastly, sayth he, they euery day more and more as Lucifer dyd, seek to clymbe hygher and hygher: till that euery day with hym more and more, they fall deeper and deeper.

MarginaliaThe citizens of Mogūtia. About the yeare of our Lord. 1390 

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The following examples of the persecution of members of the True Church (as Foxe saw it) came from Bale, Catalogus, pp. 207, 259, 359 and 500.

. there were burned at Bringa 36. Citizens of Moguntina, for the doctrine of Waldenses, as Brushius affirmeth: which opiniō was nothyng contrary to that they held before, wherin they affirmed the Pope to be that great Antichrist, which should come: Vnlesse peraduenture, the Pope seemed then to be more euidently conuicted of Antichristianitie then at any other tyme before, he was reueled to be.

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MarginaliaA briefe rehearsall of such as were put to death for holding against the byshop of Rome before the tyme of Wickliffe. For the lyke cause, many other beside these, are to be found in stories, which susteyned the lyke persecutiō by the Pope, if laysure would serue to peruse all that might be searched. As where Masseus recordeth of diuers to the nūber of 140. which in the prouince of Narbone chose rather to suffer whatsoeuer greuous punyshement by fire, thē to receaue the decretals of the Romish Church, contrary to the vpright truth of the Scripture.

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What should I here speake of the 24. which suffered at Paris. an. 1210? Also in the same author is testified that an. 1211. there were 400. vnder þe name of heretiques burned, 80. beheaded: Prince Armericus hanged, and the Lady of the Castle stoned to death.

Moueouer, in the Chronicles of Houedon, and of other writers be recited, a meruelous number, which in the coūtreys of Fraunce, were burned for heretiques. Of whom, some were called Publicāes, some Catharites, some Paterines, and other by others names. What their assertions were, I finde no certaine reporte worthy of credite.

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MarginaliaEchardus a frier burned. In Tritenius is signified of one Eckhardus 

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In 1329, Pope John XXII condemned seventeen of Eckhart's teachings as heretical and eleven as suspicious. But Eckhart was never condemned as a heretic.

a Dominican Friar, who not long before Wickleffes tyme, was condemned and suffered for heresie at Hedelberge. an. 1330. who as he differeth not much in name, so may he be supposed to be the same, whom other do name Beghardus, and is sayd to be burned at Erphord.

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Of Albingenses because sufficient mention is made before of whom a great number were burned about the tyme of kyng Iohn, I passe them ouer.

MarginaliaAn Heremit disputing agaynst the popes sacrament. Lykewise I let passe the heremite, of whom Iohn Bacon maketh relation in his 2. Dist. Quæst. 1. Who disputyng in Paules Churche, affirmed that those Sacramēts, which were thē vsed in the church: were not instituted by Christ. an. 1306. MarginaliaRanulfus. Peraduenture it was the same Ranulfus, mētioned in the floure of hystories, and is sayd to dye in prison: for the tyme of them doth not much differ.

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In Boetius, why the Pope should somuch commend a certaine kyng, because for one man, he had slayne. 400. cuttyng away the genitals from the rest, I can not iudge, except the cause were that, which the Pope calleth heresie.

But to let these thynges ouerpasse that be vncertaine, because neither is it possible to comprehend all them which haue withstād the corruption of the popes sea: neither haue we any such firme testimony left of theyr doynges, credibly to stay vpon: We will now (Christ willyng) conuert our story, to thynges more certaine and vndoubted, groundyng vpon no lyght reportes of feble credite, nor vpō any fabulous Legendes without autority: But vpon the true and substantiall copyes of the publique recordes of the Realme, remainyng yet to be sene vnder the kyngs most sure & faythfull custody. Out of the which recordes 

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Parliament Rolls

This section of the Acts and Monuments consists almost entirely of extracts taken from the Parliament Rolls in the Tower Records, of legislation enacted in the reign of Edward III curtailing papal jurisdiction over the English Church. (SeeRotuli Parliamentorum, ed. J. Strakey et al., 6 vols [London, 1783], II, pp. 143-5, 153-4, 162-3, 225, 228, 283-5, 289-90, 337-9 and 363-70). Foxe's purpose in presenting these documents was to demonstrate that papacy had placed an intolerablefinancial burden on the English and also to present Edward III as an examplar of the good monarch who fought papal attempts to 'usurp' royal power.

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Thomas S. Freeman
University of Sheffield

, MarginaliaEx Archiuis Regiæ Maiestatis. such matter appeareth agaynst the popish Church of Rome, and agaynst his vsurped autor:ty, such open standyng & crying agaynst the sayd sea, and that not priuely, but also in open Parliamēt, in the dayes of this kyng Edward the thyrd: that neither will the Romish people of this our age easely thinke it to be true when they see it, neither yet shall they be able to deny the same, so cleare standeth the force of those recordes.

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Ye heard a litle before, pag. 385. how Iohn Stratford Archbyshop of Canterbury, beyng sent for and required by the kyng to come vnto hym, refused so to do. MarginaliaParciall dissimulation in our histories of the Church of England. What the cause was why he denyed to come at the kynges sendyng, is neither touched of Polidore Virgil, nor of any other Monkish Chronicler, writyng of those actes and tymes. Whose part had bene, faythfully to haue dispensed the simple truth of thynges done to theyr posterity. But that which they dissēblyngly and coulorably haue concealed, contrary to true law of story, the true cause therof we haue found out by the true Parliament roles, declaryng the story thus.

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MarginaliaEx anno 6. reg. Edou. 3. tit. 1. Kyng Edward the 3. in the. vj. yeare of hys raigne hearyng that Edward Bailol had proclaymed hymselfe kyng of Scotland: Required counsell of the whole estate to wyt, whether were better for hym to assayle Scotland, and to clayme the demesing or demeynes of þe same: or els by makyng hym party to take hys aduauntage. And thereby to enioy the seruice, as other hys auncesters before hym had done. For this cause he sommoned a Parliament of all estates to meete at Yorke, about the begynning of December. Where the kyng was already come, wayting for þe commyng of such as were warned therunto. For the want of whose commyng, the parliament was reiourned till Mōday, and from thence to Tuesday next ensuing. But forsomuch as most of the states were absent, the assembly required the continuance of the parliament, vntill the vtas 

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Utas or Utaves are a form of the word octaves; that is, the eighth dayfrom a religious feast day.

of S. Hillary 
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I.e., 20 January 1332.

then ensuyng at Yorke, which was graunted. And so a new sommons was especially awarded to euery person with speciall charge to attend, so that the affayres of the kyng and the realme myght not be hindered, because of the debate betwene the Archbyshop of Cant. and Archbyshop of Yorke, for the superiour bearing of their crosse.

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MarginaliaThe Archb. of Cant. came not to the parliament at Yorke, and all for bearing the crosse. In conclusion, for all the kynges sommoning, none other of all the clergy came, but onely the Archb. of Yorke, the byshop of Lincolne, and of Carliel, & Abbots of Yorke & Seleby. So that hereunto came not the Archb. of Canterbury, nor any other of hys prouince, and all for bearing the crosse. Whereby the same was not onely a losse to the oportunitie to Scotland: but also an importable charge to the whole estate by a new reassembly. And thus much out of þe recordes. Wherby thou mayest easely iudge (prudent Reader) what is to be thought of these pope holy Catholique Churchmen (beyng of the Popes broode and settyng vp) whom such friuolous causes of contention stirre vp to such disquietnes, both among themselues, and also to such disobedience agaynst their Prince: excuse them who can. Ex an. 6. Regis Edwardi. 3.

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MarginaliaEx anno. 17. Reg. Edouardi 3. tit. 39. It foloweth moreouer in the same recordes, concerning the abandoning of the popes prouisions: how that the commons finde great default at prouisions cōmyng frō Rome, wherby straungers were enabled within MarginaliaThe popes prouisions restrained. tit. 59. this realme to enioy ecclesiasticall dignities, and shew diuers inconueniences ensuing therby, namely the decay of dayly almose, the trāsporting of the treasure to nourishe the kyngs enemies, the discouering of the secrets of the realme, and the inabling and impouerishing of the clerkes within this realme.

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MarginaliaThe church of England spoyled by the pope and his toreiners. They also shew how the pope had in most couert wise graunted to two new Cardinalles wythin thys Realme (and namely to Cardinall Peragotz) aboue ten thousand markes of yearely taxes: They therfore required the kyng and nobles to finde some remedy, for that they neuer coulde ne would any longer beare those straunge oppressions, or els to helpe them to expell out of thys realme the popes power by force.

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MarginaliaThe acte of K. Edward the first, reuiued for premunire, tit. 60. Hereupon, the Kyng, Lords, and commoms, sent for the acte made at Carliel, in þe xxxv. yeare of kyng Edward the first, vpon the lyke complaynt: therby forbiddyng, that any thing should be attempted or brought into the realme, which should tend to the blemishyng of the kynges prerogatiue, or to preiudice of hys Lordes or commons. And so at thys tyme, the statute called the acte of prouision was made by common consent, which generally forbiddeth the bringing in of any bulles, or such trinckets from the court of Rome, or þe vsing, enioying, or allowyng of any such bill, processe, instrument, or such ware, as thereby at large doth appeare. Whereof sufficiently is touched before pag. 356.

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MarginaliaAnno Reg. Edouardi, 3. 18. titul. 32. The penaltie of which statute afterward followed in the next Parliament, an. reg. Ed. 18. tit. 32. the which penaltye was this: the transgressors therof to lye in perpetuall prison, or to be foriured the land. And that all Iustices of assize, Gaile deliuery, and Oyer and determiner, may determine the same. Required withall, that the same acte of prouision should continue for euer.

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MarginaliaPresentation within 4. mōthes. an reg. 18 tit. 34. Item, that the sayd 18. yeare of the raigne of king Edward, tit. 34. it was moreouer propounded: that if any archbishop, or any person religious or other, do not presēt within 4. monthes some able clerke to any dignitie, where any person hath obtayned from Rome any prouision, Bull, &c. but surcease the same: that then the king may present some able clerke.

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MarginaliaNo elections to be taken by the pope but onely by the K an. reg. 18 tit 35. Item, propounded in the sayd Parliament, an. 18. reg. Ed. 3. that if any Byshop elect, shall refuse to take any such byshoprikes, other then by such bull: that then such elect, shall not enter ne enioy hys temporalties wythout his speciall licence.

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MarginaliaDispositions of benefices onely in the kyngs hand. an. 18. Ed. 3 tit. 36. Also, that the kyng shall dispose all such benefices and dignities of such aliens his enemies, as remayne in the coūtrey of his enemyes, and employ the profites thereof to the defence of the realme.

MarginaliaBuls frō Rome forbidden. an 18 reg. Ed. 3 tit. 37. Moreouer, propounded, that commissyoners be sent to all the kinges portes, to apprehend all such persons as shall bring in any such instrument frō Rome, and to bring them forthwith before the counsaile to answere therto.

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