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454 [430]

K. Richard. 2. The history of Iohn Wickliffe.

MarginaliaEx Registro archb. W. Courtney. certaine brute bene spread of diuers cōclusions both erroneous, & also repugnaunt to the determination of the Church: which tende to the subuersion of the whole Church, and to our prouince of Canterbury, and also to the subuersion of the whole Realme, being preached in diuers and sundry places of our sayd prouince, generally, commonly, and publikely: We William by Gods permission Archbyshop of Canterbury Primate of all England and Legate of the sea Apostolicall, beyng mynded to execute our office and duty herein: haue conuocated or called together, certaine our fellow brethren and others a great many, as well Doctours and Bachelers of diuinitie, as Doctours of the Canon and Ciuill law and those whō we thought to be the most famous men, skilfullest men, and men of soundest iudgement in religion, that were in all the Realme, whose names here vnder ensue. And the same beyng (the. xvij. day of the moneth of May) in the yeare of our Lord. 1382. in a certaine chamber within the territories of the priory of the Friers preachers of Londō before vs and our foresayd fellow brethren assembled, then and there personally present: After that the sayd conclusions (the tenour wherof here vnder ensueth) were openly proponed, and distinctly and playnly read: We burdened our foresayd fellow brethrē, Doctours, and Bachelers, in the fayth wherein they stode bound to our Lord Iesus Christ, and as they would aunswere before the hygh iudge in the day of iudgement, that they should speake their opinions touchyng the sayd conclusions and what euery of thē thinketh therein.

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And at length, after good deliberation had vpon the premisses, the foresayd our brethren the Byshops, Doctours, and Bachelers, reassēbled before vs the xxj. day of the same moneth in the foresayd chamber, the foresayd cōclusions beyng agayne and agayne repeated and playnly read: By vs and by the common consentes of vs all it remaineth published and declared, that some of the sayd conclusions are hereticall, and other some erroneous and cōtrary to the determination of the Church, as hereafter most manifestly shall appeare. And for as much as by sufficient information we finde and perceaue, that the sayd conclusions in many places of our sayd prouince, haue bene as is sayd, both taught and preached: and that diuers other persons do hold and mayntaine the same, and be of heresie vehemently and notoriously suspected: haue thought good as well generally as specially, to send out this processe vnder written.

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¶ The names of the Iurers were these 
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The names of the clerics condemning these articles were only added in the 1570 edition; Foxe's source for this was the Fasciculi Zizaniorum (see Bodley Library MS, Musaeo 86, fo. 74r).


IN primis viij. Byshops, Canterbury, Winchester, Durram, Exeter, Herford, Sarum, Rochester, & Frier Botlesham. B.

Item. iij. Friers preachers, Syward, Parris, Lāgley.

Itē. iiij. Minorites, Foluile, Carlel, Frisley, Bernwell.

Item, Augustine Friers. iiij. Ashborne, Bowkyn, Woldley, Hornington.

Item, Carmelites. iiij. Glanuile, Dis, Loney, Kynnyngham.

Itē, Monkes. iiij. Wels, Ramsey, Bloxam, Marton.

Item, Doctours of the Canon and Ciuill law. xiiij. Appelby, Waltram, Baketon, Chadesden, Tregisyon Stow, Blaūchard, Rocombey, Lidford, Welbourne, Flaynburgh, Motrum, Brandon, and Prophet.

Item, Bachelers of Diuinitie vj. Humbleton, Pickweche, Lindlow, Wich, Chiselden, Tomson.

The articles of Iohn Wickleffe here aboue specified, wherof some were x. which were by these Friers condemned as hereticall, the rest as erroneus: here in order follow, and are these. Although it may be thought, that some of thē were made worsse by their sinister collectyng, then he ment them in his owne workes and writynges. 

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Foxe's source for this document is indeed Lambeth Palace Library, Courtney Register, fo. 25r.

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¶ The articles of Iohn Wickliffe condemned as hereticall.

1. THe substaūce of materiall bread & wyne, doth remaine in the Sacrament of the aulter after the consecration.

2. The accidentes, do not remaine without the subiecte in the same Sacrament, after the consecration.

3. That Christ is not in the Sacrament of the altar truly and really, in his proper and corporall person.

Marginalia* This article either is slaunderously reported, or els can hardly be defended. 4. * That if a Byshop or a Priest be in deadly sinne, he doth not order, consecrate, nor baptise.

5. That if a man, be duely and truely contrite and penitēt: all exteriour and outer confession, is but superfluous and vnprofitable vnto him.

6. That it is not founde or stablished by the Gospell, that Christ did make or ordayne Masse.

7. If the pope be a reprobate and euill man, & consequently a member of the deuill: he hath no power by any maner of meanes geuen vnto him ouer faythfull Christians, except peraduenture it be geuen him from the Emperour.

8. That since the tyme of Vrbane the vj. there is none to be receaued for Pope, but to lyue after the maner of the Greekes, euery man vnder his owne law.

Marginalia* He meaneth church goods not to be so peculiar to ministers but that they may be takē away if they so deserue. 9. * To be agaynst the Scripture, that ecclesiasticall ministers should haue any temporall possessions. 

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Note Foxe's concern in his marginal notes, to qualify this article.

¶ The other Articles of Iohn Wickleffe, condemned as erroneous.

10. THat no Prelate ought to excōmunicate any mā, except he knew him first to be excōmunicate of God.

11. That he which doth so excōmunicate any mā, is therby hymselfe either an hereticke or excommunicated.

12. That a Prelate or Byshop excommunicatyng any of the clergy, which hath appealed to the kyng or to the counsell, is therby himselfe, a traytor to the kyng and Realme.

13. That all such which do leaue of preachyng or hearyng the word of God or preachyng of the Gospell, for feare of excommunication: they are already excommunicated, & in the day of Iudgement, shalbe counted as traytors vnto God.

14. That it is lawfull for any man, either deacon or priest, to preach the word of God, without the authoritie or licence of the Apostolicke sea or any other of his Catholickes.

Marginalia¶ This article perauenture was not so straightly ment of him as it was gathered of them as is aforesayd. 15. ¶ That so long as a man is in deadly sinne, he is neither Byshop nor Prelate in the Church of God.

Marginalia* This article expoundeth the x. article aboue. 16. * Also that the tēporall Lordes, may accordyng to their owne will and discretion, take away the temporall goodes from the Church men, whensoeuer they do offend.

17. That tenthes are pure almose, and that the Parishioners may for the offence of their Curates, deteine and keepe them backe, and bestow them vpon others, at their own will and pleasures.

18. Also, that all speciall prayers applyed to any priuate or particular persō, by any prelate or religious mā: do no more profite the same person, then generall or vniuersall prayers do profite others, which be in like case or state vnto him.

19. Moreouer, in that any man doth enter into any priuate Religion, what soeuer it be, he is thereby made, the more vnapt and vnable to obserue and keepe the commaundementes of God.

20. That holy men which haue instituted priuate Religions, whatsoeuer they be (as well such as are indowed and possessed, as also the order of beggyng Friers, hauyng no possessions) in so doyng, haue greuously offended.

21. That religious men, beyng in their priuate religions, are not of the Christian Religion.

22. That Friers are bounden to get their liuing, by the labour of their handes and not by beggyng.

23. That whosoeuer doth geue any almose vnto Friers, or to any beggyng obseruaunt, is accursed or in daūger therof.

¶ The letter of the Archbishop directed to the Byshop of London, agaynst Wickleffe and hys adherentes.

MarginaliaA letter of the Archb. of Cant. against Wickliffe. WIlliam by Gods permission Archbyshop of Canterbury, Metrapolitan of all England, and of the Apostolicall sea Legate: To our reuerend brother by the grace of God Byshop of London, salutation. The Prelates of the Church ought to be so much the more vigilant and attentife about the charge of the Lordes flocke committed vnto them: how much the more they shall vnderstand the Wolues beyng clothed in sheepes apparell, fraudulently to go about to woory and scatter the sheepe. Truly, by the continuall cry and bruted fame (which it greueth me to report) it is come to our knowledge: that althoughe by the canonicall sanctions, no man beyng forbydden or not admitted, should either publickely or priuely without the authoritie of the Apostolicall sea or Byshop of that place, vsurpe or take vpon him the office of a preacher: Some notwithstandyng, such as are the children of damnatiō, being vnder the vale of blynd ignoraunce, are brought in to such a dotyng mynde, that they take vpon them to preach, and are not afrayde to affirme and teach diuers and sundry propositions and conclusions here vnder recited, both hereticall, erroneous, and false, condempned by the Church of God: and repugnaunt to the decree of holy Church, which tend to the subuertyng of the whole state of the same, of our prouince of Canterbury, and destruction and weakenyng of the tranquility of the same: and that as well in the Churches, as in the streetes, as also in many other prophane places of our

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