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591 [567]

K. Henry. 5. The death of Tho. Arundell Archb. The story of the Bohemians.

other before, so this also I do referre to þe secret iudgement of the Lord, who once shall iudge all secretes openly. MarginaliaTho. Arundell geueth sentēce agaynst the L. Cobham. and God geueth sentence agaynst Tho. Arundell.In the meane tyme this may seme strange, that the same Tho. Arundell, who a little before sittyng vpon iudgement agaynst the Lord Cobham, and pronounced sentēce of death vpon hym, dyd hymself fele the stroke of death, and the sentence of God executed vpō hym, before the other. MarginaliaThe cōdemned man ouerliueth his condemner.Who wold haue thought that the Lord Cobham, beyng so cast & condemned definitiuely by the Archbishops sentence, but þt he should haue dyed long before the Archbishop? But such be the workes of gods almighty hand, who so turned þe whele, þt this condemned lord suruiued his cōdemner 3. or 4. yeres.

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MarginaliaPolydor Virgill erreth.In the death of this Archib. first Polydore Vergil is deceyued, who in hys 22. booke, pag. 441. affirmed hys death to be an. 1415. and in the second yeare of kyng Henr. 5. also after the beginning of the councel of Constāce. Who in dede neuer reached the beginnyng therof, nor euer saw the second yere of that kyng (vnlesse ye count the first day for a yeare) but died before an. 1414. Febr. 20. Ex hist. S. Albani & multis. Furthermore concernyng the death of this Arundell, & the maner therof, who had bene so heuy a troubler of Christes saintes in hys tyme, because the thyng semeth woorthy of notyng, to behold the punishment of God vpon hys enemies, this is to report, MarginaliaThom. Gasconius in Dictionario theologico.as I haue found it alledged out of Thomas Gascoin in Dictionario Theologico: Whose playn wordes be these: An 1414. Thom. Arundel Cant. Archiepiscop. sic lingua percussus erat, vt nec deglutire, nec loqui per aliquot dies ante mortem suam potuerit, diuitis epulonis exemplo, & sic tandem obijt. Atque multi tunc fieri putabant, quia verbum alligasset, ne suo tempore prædicaretur, &c. That is, Thomas Arundell Archb. of Caunterbury, was so stricken in his tong, that neyther he could swalow, nor speak for a certayn space before his death, much lyke after the example of the rich glotton, and so dyed vpon the same. MarginaliaThe maruelous hand of God vpon Tho. Arundell Archb. of Cant.And this was thought of many to come vpon hym, for that he so bound the word of the lord, that it should not be preached in his dayes &c. Which if it be true, as it doth well here appeare, these and such other horrible exāples of gods wrath, may be terrible spectacles for such as occupy their tongues and braines so busily to stop the course of gods word, striuing but agaynst the streame: MarginaliaIt is in vain to gainstand Gods word.agaynst the force wherof, neyther are they able to resiste, & many tymes in resisting are ouerturned themselues and drowned therin. And thus much for the death of Tho. Arundell, who continued Archb. in the see of Cant. the space of 18. yeres.

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MarginaliaHenry Chichesley Archb of Cant.After this Arundel, succeded next in the sayd see of Cāterb. Henry Chichesley made Archb. an. 1414. and sate xxv. yeres. This Henry followyng lykewise the steps of his predecessor, shewed hymself no small aduersary agaynst the fauourers of the truth. In whose tyme was much trouble, & great affliction in the church. For as the preaching and teachyng of the word did multiply and spread abroad daily more and more, so on the contrary side, more vigilant care & strait inquisition followed and increased against the people of god, by reason whereof diuers did suffer, and were burned, some for feare fled the country. Many were brought to examination, and by infirmity constrayned to abiure. Of whom here after (Christ willyng) particularly in order of their tymes, we will entreat.

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As true piety, and sincere preachyng of Christes worde began at this tyme to decay: So idle monkery and vain superstitiō in place therof began to increase. MarginaliaSion and Bethleem builded.For about þe same yere the kyng began the foundation of two monasteries, one of the one side of Thames of friers obseruaunt, the other on the other side Thames called Shene and Syon, dedicated to Charter house monkes, with certayne Brigit nonnes or recluses, to the number of 60, dwellyng within þe same precinct, so that the whole number of these with priests, monkes, deacons and nonnes should equal the number of 13. Apostles and 72. disciples. The order of these was accordyng to the description of S. Paul the Apostle Col. 1. Eate not, tast not, touch not. &c. to eate no flesh, to weare no linnen, to touch no mony. &c.

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About Michaelmas, the same yere the kyng began hys Parliament at Leycester, aboue mentioned. In the which Parliament the commons put vp their byll agayne, which they had put vp before. an. 11. Henr. 4. þt the tēporalties disorderly wasted by men of the church, might be conuerted and employed to the vse of the kyng, of hys Erles, and knights, and to the relief of the poore people, MarginaliaVid. supra pag. 535.as is before recited, pag. 535. In feare of which byll, least the kyng would geue eare therunto any comfortable audience MarginaliaFabian, with other.(as testifieth Rob. Fabian, and other writers) certaine of the Prelates, and other headmen of the church put the kyng in mynd to claime hys right in France. Wherupon Henry Chichesly Archbish. of Caunterbury made a long and a solemne oration before thekyng to perswade hym to the same, MarginaliaA crafty practise of the prelates.offeryng to the kyng in the behalfe of the Clergie great and notable summes. By reason wherof (sayth Fabian) the byll was agayne put of, and the kyng set hys mynde for the recouery of the same: MarginaliaThe king stirred vp to warres by the byshops.so that soone after he sent hys letters and messengers to the French Kyng concernyng that matter, and receaued from hym agayne aunswere of derision, wt a pype full of tenis balles (as some record) sent from the Dolphin, for hym to play wyth at home. Wherby the kynges mynde was incensed the more toward that viage. Who then furnishing himself with strength and armour, with pouder, & shotte, and gunstones to play wyth in Fraunce, and with other artillery for that purpose conuenient, so set ouer into Fraunce, where he got Hareflew wyth diuers other townes and castles in Normandy and Picardy, and at Agyncourt had a great victory ouer the Frēch armye, they being counted but vij. thousād, by pricking sharpe stakes before them &c. After that he wanne Cane, Towk, Rowan with other townes moe, as Meldune, or Meleon, and maryed with Katherine the French kynges daughter. And yet notwithstanding the third tyme he made hys viage agayne into Fraunce, where at length at Bloys he fell sicke and dyed. Concernyng all which viages, because they are sufficiently discoursed in Fabian, Halle and other Chronographers, referring therefore the reader vnto them, I will returne my story to other matters of the Church more effectuall.

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I declared a litle before Marginalia
Vid. supra pag. 532.
The Bohemians receauing the Gospell.
how by the occasion of Queene Anne, which was a Bohemian and maryed to king Richard 2. the Bohemians comming therby to the knowledge of Wicleffes bookes here in England, began first to tast & sauour of Christes Gospell, till at length by the preachyng of Iohn Hus, they increased more and more in knowledge. In so much that Pope Alexander the v. hearyng thereof, began at last to styre coales, and directeth his Bull to þe archbyshop of Suinco, requiring him to looke to the matter, & to prouide that no person in Churches, Schooles, or other places should maintaine that doctrine, cityng also I. Husse to appeare before him. MarginaliaThe pope against the Bohemians.To whom the sayd Iohn aunsweryng agayne, declared that mandate or Bull of the pope vtterly to repugne agaynst the manifest examples and doings both of Christ and of his Apostles, MarginaliaIohn Hus cited of the Pope.and to be preiudiciall to the libertie of the Gospell, in byndyng the word of God not to haue free course. MarginaliaIohn Husse appealeth from the pope, to the pope.And therfore from this mandate of the Pope, he appealed to the same Pope better aduised. But whyle he was prosecuting hys appeale, Pope Alexander dyed, as is aforesayd, pag. 532. Ex Cochleo, in hist. Hussit.

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MarginaliaPope Iohn xxiii.After whom succeded Pope Iohn the xxiij. who also playing hys part here in thys matter lyke a Pope, sought by all meanes possible how to represse and keepe vnder the Bohemians, first beginnyng to worke hys malice vpō the foresayd Iohn Husse their preacher. Who at the same time preachyng at Prage in the Temple of Bethleem, because he semed rather willyng to teach the Gospell of Christ, thē the traditions of Byshops, MarginaliaIohn Hus accused to pope Iohn.was therfore accused of certayne to the forenamed pope Iohn þe xxiij. for an hereticque. The Bishop committed the whole matter vnto Cardinall de Collumna, who when he had heard the accusatiō, he appointed a day to Iohn Hus, that he should appeare in the court of Rome: which thing once done, Wenceslaus kyng of þe Romayns and of Boheme, at the request specially of hys wyfe Sophia, and of the whole Nobilitie of Boheme, as also at the earnest sute and desire of the towne and vniuersitie of Prage: He sent hys Ambassadours to Rome, to desire the bishop to quite and clerely deliuer Iohn Husse from that sentence and iudgement, and that if the Bishop did suspecte the kyngdome of Boheme to be infected wyth any heretical or false doctrine, that he should send his ambassadours, the which myght correcte and amend the same, if there be any errour or fault in them. And that all thys should be done at the onely costes and charges of the kyng of Boheme, and to promise in hys name that he would ayde and assiste þe byshops Legates wyth all hys whole power and authoritie, to punishe all such as should be taken or founde in any erronious doctrine. In the meane season also Iohn Husse before his day appoynted, sent hys lawfull and meete procuratours vnto the court of Rome, and wyth most firme and strong reasons, did proue his innocency, whereupon he trusted so, that he thought he should haue easely obtayned that he should not haue bene compelled, by reason of the great daunger, to appeare at the day appoynted. But when as þe Cardinall de Collumna, (vnto whose will and iudgement the whole matter was commited) would not admitte no defence or excuse: Iohn Hus his procurators, appealed vnto the high Byshop: MarginaliaIohn Hus excōmunicate by Cardinall de Colunna.yet notwithstanding, thys last refuge dyd not so muche preuayle with Cardinall de Collumna, but that he woulde openly excommunicate

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Iohn
DD.ij.
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