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Anthony Hussey

(d. 1560)

Cranmer's chief registrar; registrar in the court of Arches and of the chapter of St Paul's Cathedral under Mary; governor of the Muscovy Company; governor of the English merchants in Antwerp. [See MacCulloch, Cranmer, p. 608 and J. G. Nichols, Narratives, p. 216.]

Anthony Hussey was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

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Henry Standish

(c. 1475 - 1535) [ODNB]

Franciscan friar; bishop of St Asaph (1518 - 35)

Thomas Wolsey, William Warham, Cuthbert Tunstall, John Fisher, Nicholas West, John Veysey, John Longland, John Clerk and Henry Standish took part in the examination of Thomas Bilney and Thomas Arthur in 1527-28. 1563, pp. 461-78; 1570, pp. 1134-46; 1576, pp. 971-81; 1583, pp. 998-1008.

John Tewkesbury was examined before Cuthbert Tunstall, Henry Standish and John Islip. 1563, p. 490; 1570, p. 1165; 1576, p. 996; 1583, p. 1024.

Standish was one of the supporters of Queen Catherine before the papal legates considering the matter of the divorce. 1563, p. 458; 1570, p. 1193; 1576, p. 1022; 1583, p. 1050.

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Hugh Price

(c. 1495 - 1574) [ODNB]

BCL Oxford 1518; BCnL 1524; DCL 1526; treasurer of St David's Cathedral (1541 - 74); founder of Jesus College, Oxford. Judge

Hugh Price was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

Price was present at the condemnation of James Bainham in 1532. 1563, p. 499; 1570, p. 1171; 1576, p. 1002; 1583, p. 1029.

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John Cockes

(d. 1546) [Emden]

BCL Oxford by 1500; DCL by 1508; canon of Salisbury 1524; auditor of causes at the court of Canterbury 1520; chancellor of the archbishop c. 1522; commissary of the prerogative, Canterbury 1529; dean of Arches 1543

John Cockes was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p. 996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

John Cockes was present at the examination of John Tewkesbury. 1563, p. 492; 1570, p. 1166; 1576, p. 997 ; 1583, p. 1025.

Thomas Frebarne was reported to Cockes for obtaining pork during Lent for his pregnant wife. Frebarne's landlord, the garter king of arms, was dining at Cockes's house and had Frebarne arrested. 1563, p. 492; 1570, p. 1354; 1576, p. 1156 ; 1583, p. 1184.

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John Incent

(d. 1545) [Emden; Fasti]

BCL Oxford by January 1507; DCL 1513; notary public by 1507; dean of St Paul's (1540 - 45)

John Incent was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

Robert Packington was shot dead on his way to mass. John Incent, dean of St Paul's, confessed on his deathbed to having hired an Italian to murder Packington. 1563, p. 526; 1570, p. 1291; 1576, p. 1105; 1583, p. 1131.

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John Tewkesbury

(d. 1531) [Fines]

Martyr; living by the entrance to St Martin's le Grand in the parish of St Michael-le-Quern; leatherseller and haberdasher

John Tewkesbury was converted by reading Tyndale's works and disputed openly in the chapel in the bishop's palace. He was examined before Cuthbert Tunstall, Henry Standish and John Islip, before the bishops of Lincoln, Ely and Bath and Wells, and before Geoffrey Wharton, Rowland Philipps, William Philow and Robert Ridley. 1563, pp. 490-92; 1570, pp. 1165-66; 1576, pp. 996-97; 1583, pp. 1024-25.

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Tewkesbury abjured and was sentenced to carry a faggot, to wear the sign of a faggot for life and to remain in a monastery until released by the bishop of London. 1563, p. 492; 1570, pp. 1166-67; 1576, p. 997; 1583, p. 1025.

Two years later, Tewkesbury appeared before Sir Thomas More and John Stokesley. He was sentenced as a relapsed heretic and handed over to the sheriffs to be burnt at Smithfield. 1563, p. 492; 1570, p. 1167; 1576, p. 998; 1583, p. 1025.

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Peter Ligham (Lygham)

(d. 1538) [Emden]

BCL Oxford 1504; BCnL 1513; DCnL 1516; canon of St Paul's (1533 - 38); advocate of the court of Arches 1519; dean of Arches (1528 - 38); official of the court of Canterbury 1529

Peter Ligham was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

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Richard Martin

Public notary in 1531

Richard Martin was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

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Robert Byrche

(d. by February 1535) [Emden]

BCL Oxford 1514; studied at Padua; DCnCL by 1527; college of advocates, London 1527

Robert Byrche was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

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Thomas Baghe or Williams

(d. by 7/2/1558) [Fasti]

BTh; DD; chancellor of St Paul's (1530 - 58); archdeacon of Surrey (1531 - 55)

Thomas Baghe was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

Thomas Baghe, with Sergeant Wever, arrested Andrew Hewett, John Tybal and John Chapman at Chapman's house. They bound Tybal and Chapman with ropes and took them to the bishop's house and sent Hewett to Lollards' Tower. 1563, p. 506; 1570, p. 1179; 1576, p.1008 ; 1583, p. 1036.

Baghe took part in the first examination of Anne Askew and rebuked her for speaking scripture, which he said was forbidden to women. 1563, pp. 669-70; 1570, p. 1414; 1576, p. 1205; 1583, p. 1235.

The chancellor was mentioned in a letter sent by the king and council to Edmund Bonner, rebuking Bonner and urging him to use the Book of Common Prayer. 1563, pp. 693-94; 1570, p. 1494; 1576, p. 1266; 1583, p. 1303.

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Thomas Shadwell

Public notary in 1531

Thomas Shadwell was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

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William Brytton


William Brytton was present and agreed to the pronouncement of sentence against Richard Bayfield. 1563, p. 489; 1570, p. 1164; 1576, p.996 ; 1583, p. 1024.

1048 [1024]

K. Hen. 8. A letter of inquiri. Rich. Bayfilde Martyr. Iohn Tewkesbery Martyr.

statute of kyng Henry the. 4. in that behalfe prouided and directed vnto them vnder the Bishops seale. The tenour of which letters here after folow.

The Letters of requirie directed to the Maior and Shiriffes of the Citie of London, that they should be present that day, when the sentence should be giuen, to receiue the heretike (as they called him) that was condemned.

MarginaliaThe letters of requiry 

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I.e. a letter of requirement or command.

to the Maior and Shiriffes of London.IHon by the permission of God Byshop of London, vnto our dearely beloued in Christ, the right honourable Lord Maior of the Citie of London, and the Shiriffes of the same, health, grace, and benediction. Whereas we haue already by our Vicar general proceeded in a certaine cause of heresie and relaps into the same, against one Richayd Bayfilde, alias Somersam, and intende vpon Monday next beeing the xx. day of this present moneth of Nouember, to giue a sentence definitiue against the saide Richard Bayfild alias Somersam, and to leaue and deliuer him ouer vnto the secular power: We require you the Lord Maior and Shiriffes aforesaid, the Kinges Maiesties Vicegerentes, euen in the bowels of Iesu Christ, that according to the forme and effect of the statute of our most noble and famous prince in Christ our Lord, the Lord Henry the fourth by the grace of God late King of England, that you will be personally present in the Queere of the Cathedrall Church of Saint Paule, with your fauourable ayde and assistance in this behalfe, the day that the sentence shall be giuen, and to receiue the said Richard Bayfild, aliâs Somersam, after his sentence so giuen, to discharge vs and our Officers, and to doe further according to the tenour and effect of the saide statute, as farre as shal be required of you according to the Canonical Sanctions, and the laudable custome of the famous kingdome of England, in this behalfe accustomed.

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In witnesse whereof wee haue set our seale vnto this present, Dated the 19 day of Nouember. An. 1531. and in the first yeare of our consecration.

On Monday the xx. day of Nouember in the yeare aforesaid, in the Queere of the Cathedrall Church of Saint Paule, the byshop of London calling vnto him Iohn Abbot of Westminster, Robert Abbot of Waltam, Nicholas Prior of Christes Church of the Citie of London, maister Iohn Coxe Auditor and Vicare generall to the Archebyshop of Canterbury, Peter Ligham Official of the Court of Caunterbury. Thomas Baghe Chauncellour of the Church of S. Paules, William Clief, Archdeacon of London, Iohn Incent Chanon residentary of the same, William Brytton, Robert Birch, and Hugh Aprice, Doctours of both lawes, in the presence of vs Mathew Grefton Register, Antony Hussy, Richard Martin and Thomas Shadwell publicke Notaries and Scribes appoynted in this behalfe, briefly rehearsed the aunsweres of the same Bayfild in effect, and his abiuration, & other his demerites by him done beside his abiuration. The which religious persons and other Ecclesiasticall men aboue sayd, thought it good and agreed þt the sayd Byshop should proceede agaynst hym in this case of relaps, and should pronounce and giue forth the sentence against him, in case aforesaid, MarginaliaRich. Bayfilde. geuen to the secular power.and so he was deliuered to the Shriffes to cary to Newgate, beyng commaunded to bring him againe vpon Monday following, into Paules vpper Queere, there to giue attendaunce vpon the Byshop of London with the residue till they haue done with him, & by and by and Sheriffes were commaunded to haue him into the Vestry, and then to bring him forth agayne in Antichristes apparell to be disgraded afore them. MarginaliaRich. Bayfilde disgraded. When he had disgraded him kneeling vpon the highest steppe of the aultar, he took his Crosier staffe, MarginaliaBayfild throwē downe with the byshops staffe.and smote him on the breast, that he threwe him downe backewardes, and brake his head that he sounded 

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This was part of the ceremony of degradation and not simply gratuitous violence.

, and when he came to himselfe again, he thanked God that he was deliuered from the malignaunt Church of Antichrist, & that he was come into the true sincere Church of Iesus Christ militaunt here in earth, and I trust anone (said he) to be in heauen with Iesus Christ, & the Church triumphaunt for euer, and so was he lead forth through þe Queere to Newgate, and there rested about an houre in prayer, and so went to the fire in his apparell manfully & ioyfully, and there for lacke of a speedy fire, was two quarters of an houre aliue. And when the left arme was on fire and burned, he rubbed it with his right hand, & it fell from his body, and he continued in praier to the end without mouing.

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Syr Thomas More, after he had brought this good man to his end, ceased not after his death, to raue in his ashes, to prye and spie out what sparkes he could finde of reproche and contumely, whereby to rase out all good memory of his name and fame. In seaching whereof, he hath found out two thinges to lay about him. The one is, that he saith, he went aboute to sure himselfe to two wiues at once, one in Brabant, an other in England. The secondthat after his taking, all the while that he was not in vtter dispayre of his pardon, hee was content to forsweare hs doctrine, & letted not to disclose his brethren. 

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More made these charges in his Confutation. (See The Confutation of Tyndale's Answer, ed. Louis A. Schuster, Richard A. Marius, James P. Lusardi and Richard J. Schoeck, CWTM 8, [3 vols., New Haven, CT, 1978], I, pp. 17-18). The accusation of bigamy is probably unfounded, but the claim that Bayfield informed on another evangelicals is convincing.

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For þe answere wherof, although there were no more to be sayd, yet MarginaliaThe Martirdome & suffering of R. Bayfildd, Martyr.

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The Martyrdome of Richard Bayfield.
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Richard Bayfield, sometime monk of Bary St Edmunds, who learned the new learning from Robert Barnes (which took him into the abbey prison), migrated to Cambridge and made further advances in 'good letters' -- as Foxe called the work of Tyndale and others. He became a major colporteur of prohibited reformation books, going abroad to send into England consignments of works by Luther, Zwingli and others , imported in multiple copies. Bayfield was finally arrested at a London bookbinder's in October 1531, and interrogated by Sir Thomas More. He was tried by Bishop Stokesley of London and burned as a relapsed heretic on 27 November. CUL copy: there is considerable additional pen detail in this image.

this were inough to say, that M. More thus sayth of hym a man so blynded in the zeale of Popery, so dealy set against the one side, and so partially affectionate vnto the other, MarginaliaM. More a partial iudge in matters of heresie. þt in them whom he fauoureth, he can see nothing but al fayre roses and sweete vertue: in the other which he hateth, there is neuer a thing can please his phantasie, but al as blacke as pitch, vice, abhominatiō heresie & folly, what soeuer they doe, or entend to doe. But as touching the defence of this Bayfield, as also of other moe, I will deferre the defence of them, to a seuerall Apology by it self, hereaf- (God willing) to be adioyned.

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Iohn Teukesbery Leatherseller of London Martyr.

MarginaliaIoh. Tewkesbery Leatherseller of London, Martyr.IOhn Tewksbery was conuerted by the reading of Tindals Testament, and the wicked Mammon. He had the Bible written. In all poyntes of religion he openlye did dispute in the Byshops Chappell in hys pallace. Who in þe doctrine of iustification and all other articles of his fayth was very expert, and prompt in hys aunsweres, in suche sort as Tonstall and all his learned men were ashamed, þt a Leatherseller should so dispute with them, with such power of the Scriptures and heauenly wisedome, that they were not able to resist hym. This disputation continued a seuennight. The processe of whose examinations, Articles and aunsweres, here follow as they are out of the bishops Register extracted. 

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These materials are taken from a court book of Cuthbert Tunstall that is now lost. These documents are from Tewkesbury's first trial for heresy; not the second - and lethal - trial.

MarginaliaEx Regist. London.

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On Wensday the 21. day of Aprill, in the yeare of oure Lord. 1529. Iohn Stewkesbery was brought into the Cōsistory at London before Cutbert Byshop of London and his assistaunces, Henry Bishop of S. Asse, and Iohn Abbot of Westminster. Vnto whom the Byshop of London declared that hee had at diuers times exhorted hym to recant the errors and heresies, whiche he held and defended, euen as hee did thē agayn exhort him, not to trust to much to his own wit & learning, but vnto the doctrine of þe holy mother the Churche. Who made aunswere that in his iudgement, he did not erre from the doctrine of þe holy mother the Church. MarginaliaThe examination of Iohn Tewkesbery before Tonstal Bishop of London.And at the last, being examined vppon erroures, which (they sayd) were in the sayd booke called þe wicked Mammon, he aunswered thus: Take ye the book and read it ouer, and I thinke in my consciēce, ye shal finde no fault in it. And beyng asked by the sayd bysh. whether he dyd rather geue credite to hys book or to the Gospell: he answered that the gospell is and euer hath bene true. And moreouer being particularly examined what hee thought of this article, that the Iewes of good intent and zeale slue Christ, he answered, look ye the booke through, before and after, as it lyeth, and ye shall finde a better tale in it, then ye make of it, & further thought that whosoeuer translated þe new testament, and made the booke, meaning the wicked

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