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Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicorum)
 
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Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicorum)

[August; Auguste; Ausburge; Auspurge]

Swabia, Bavaria

Coordinates: 48° 22' 0" N, 10° 54' 0" E

1103 [1079]

K. Hen. The story and Martyrdome of William Tindall.

death he seemed greatly to lament, especially dyeng in such a quarell, worthy (as he said) to be accounted for Martirs, with other noble doctrine and deepe learning in duinitie, meete to feede swine withall. Such blindnes in those dayes raigned amongst them. After this, Pointz deliuered vp his aunswer to the Procurour generall, and then after, at the dayes appointed, went foorth with replication duplicke, with other aunswers eche to other in writing what they could.

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MarginaliaPoyntz troubled for M. Tindall.As the Commissioners came to Pointz, Philips the traytour accompanied them to the dore in following the processe against him, as he also did against M. Tindall, for so they that had Pointz in keeping, shewed hym. Thus Pointz for Maister Tyndall was sore troubled, and long kept in prison: but at length, when he saw no other remedie, by night he made his escape, and auoyded their hands.But good Tyndall could not escape their handes, but remayned in prison still, who being brought vnto his aunswere, was offered to haue an aduocate and a proctor: for in any criminall cause there, it shall be permitted to haue counsaile, to make aunswere in the lawe. But he refused to haue any such, sayeng: that he would aunswere for himselfe: and so he did.

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At last, after muche reasoning, when no reason woulde serue, although he deserued no death, MarginaliaThe condēnatiō of M. Tindall.he was condemned by vertue of the Emperours decree made in the assemble at Ausbrough  

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The decree, issued at Augsburg in 1530, gave the Regent's Council in the Low Countries final jurisdiction in heresy cases, unless the Emperor personally intervened.

(as is before signified) and vpon the same, brought forth to the place of execution, MarginaliaThe Martirdom of W. Tindall.was there tied to þe stake, and then strangled first by the hangman, and afterward with fire consumed in the morning at the towne of Filford, an. 1536. MarginaliaAnno 1536 crieng thus at the stake with a feruente zeale, and a loud voyce: MarginaliaThe prayer of M. Tindall.Lord open the King of Englands eyes.

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¶ The Martyrdome and burning of mayster William Tyndall, in Flaunders, by Filford Castle.
woodcut [View a larger version]
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Tyndale occupies a pivotal position in Foxe's story and the picture of his martyrdom perhaps reflects this in aiming to represent the difference of a continental execution. The scene at Vilvorde shows the great castle wall rearing up behind the condemned man, and the crowd is composed mainly of officials and clergy (including friars) and armed guards, holding no potential sympathisers (or women) like those depicted at English burnings. The scaffold itself is a different feature, and appears in a comparable image, the woodcut representing the burning of John Hooper, in Foxe's 1559 Rerum in Ecclesia Gestarum, in which it and the martyr are being engulfed by flames. But though Tyndale (like Hooper) is shown chained to the stake standing on this platform, as if in preparation for burning alive, his death, by strangulation, was more merciful. His body was burned thereafter -- and the two bundles of faggots indicate its preparation -- but this followed on after an interval. It is the words in the bandarole that resonate for readers of the book: that famous prayer for England's salvation: 'Lord open the king of Englands eies'. Like other such celebrated last utterances, this sentence was reset, by changes in the drop-in typsettings in the different editions -- itself an act of faith ? a technical necessity? or perfectionism on the part of the printer? CUL copy: additional detail is provided in ink in this copy. WREN: this illustration is rather crudely coloured in the Wren copy.

MarginaliaM. Tindall conuerted his keeper.Such was the power of his doctrine, and sinceritie of his life, that during the time of his imprisonment (whiche endured a yeare and a halfe) it is sayde, hee conuerted hys keeper, his daughter, and other of his household 

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Again, Foxe is again trying to establish a parallel between Tyndale and the Apostles.

. Also the rest that were with him conuersaunt in the Castle, reported of him, that if he were not a good christen man, they could not tell whome to trust.

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MarginaliaCommendation of M. Tindall, by them that were about him.The Procuror generall the Emperours Attourney being there, left this testimonie of him, that he was Homo doctus, pius, & bonus: that is, a learned, a good, and a godly man.

The same mornyng in which he was had to the fire, he deliuered a letter to the keeper of the castle, which þe keeper himselfe brought to the house of þe foresayd Pointz in Autwerpe, shortly after: which letter, with his examinatiōs & other his disputations, I would might haue come to our handes: all which I vnderstād did remaine, & yet perhaps doe, in the handes of the keepers daughter. For so it is of him reported that as he was in the Castle prisoner, there was much writyng, and great disputation to and fro, betwene him and them of the Vniuersitie of Louaine (which was not past ix. or x. myles from the place where he was prisoner) in such sorte, that they all had enough to do, and more then they could well weld, to aunswere the authorities and testimonies of the Scripture, whereupō he most pithely grounded his doctrine.

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MarginaliaGods iudgment vpon Philippes the betrayer of TindallOf Iudas that betrayed Christ, it is written: that he returned the money agayne to the Phariseis, & afterward did hang him selfe: So Philippes this miserable traytor, after he had bene receaued of Tyndal, & borrowed moneyof him, & yet betrayed him and pursued him to death 

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In the 1563 edition, Foxe declared that Phillips was burned at the stake; in later editions this was changed to his being devoured by lice. In fact, Phillips died of natural causes in 1542.

: albeit he reioyced a while after þt he had done, yet þe saying so goeth, that he not long tyme after enioyed the price of innocent bloud, but was consumed at last with lyce.

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The worthy vertues and doings of this blessed Martyr, who for his paynefull trauailes, and singular zeale to his countrey, may be called in these our dayes, an Apostle of Englād, it were long to recite. Amongest many other, this because it seemeth to me worthy of remembraunce, I thought not in silence to ouerpasse, which hath vnto me credibly bene testified by certaine graue Marchauntes, & some of thē also such as were present the same tyme at the fact, and men yet alyue. The story wherof is this.

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There was at Antwerpe on a tyme, amongest a company of Marchauntes as they were at supper, a certaine iuggler, which through his diabolicall inchaūtementes or Art Magicall, would fetch all kyndes of viandes, & wyne from any place they would, and set it vpon the table incōtinent before them, with many other such lyke thynges. The same of this iuggler beyng much talked of, it chaunced that as M. Tyndall heard of it, he desired certaine of the Marchants, that he might also be present at supper, to see him play his partes.

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MarginaliaThe power of Gods saintes against the deuil.To be briefe, the supper was appointed, and the Marchauntes with Tyndall were there present. Then the iuggler being required to play his feates, and to shewe his cunning, after his wonted boldnes began, to vtter all that he could do, but all was in vaine. At the last, with hys labour, sweating, and toyling, when he sawe that nothyng would go forward, but that all his enchauntmentes were

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voyde,
BBB.iiij.
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