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Jerusalem

[Hierusalem; Ierusalem; Ierosolyma]

Coordinates: 31° 47' 0" N, 35° 13' 0" E

1144 [1120]

K. Henr. 8. The aunswer of Iohn Lambert to the Bishops Articles.

(I suppose) as wel as any þt now are, which contendeth so sore for superiour roums & preeminencie claiming to be þe Apostles successours. MarginaliaContention about superiority whence it proceedeth. I wold it were so much for the common wealth of Christen people, as it is suspect that they do it for vayneglory, and worldly lucre. According to this, shal you find. Acts. xj. MarginaliaAct. 11. where is shewed, that after Peter by instinct of the holy Ghost, had gone vnto one of the Gentiles called Cornelius a pety Captaine, hauing the gouernaunce of an hundreth men, teaching him the wayes and doctrine of Christ, and Baptising him and other with him assembled, being like as he afore was, Paganes: the Apostles and other Christen brethren that were in Iewry, hearing thereof, when Peter came to Hierusalem, MarginaliaEmperours geue more obeysance to the Pope, thē euer did the Apostles vnto Peter.they which held vpon Circumcision, made none obeysaunce vnto him (albeit I thinke verily he had more holines then euer had any other Pope) as the Emperor is fayne to do to þe Pope at his coronation, MarginaliaDifference betwene Peter and the Pope. falling downe to kisse the Popes feete, or to hold the Popes styrrup while he mounteth vpon his horseback, according to the forme of law written: I am not certaine whether in the Decrees or els the Decretalles, or in both rather (for such ordinaunces are inuiolable & worthy to be principally recorded) Marginalia

Peter was contēt to be charged of the brethren.

The Pope requireth his feet to be kissed of Emperours.

but they reasoned sore & disputed both against S. Peter, and also his doing, saying: you haue gone amongst them that you ought not haue had to do with, ne to haue medled among them, þt are men vncleane, because they are vncircumcised: yea & that is more, you haue eate & dronke with them. Peter mildly and coldly made aunswer againe, rehearsing all the maner of his doing in order: shewing that he was so instruct to doe by mightie and cleare reuelations of God, & not by his owne fantasie and pleasure.

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MarginaliaPeter vicar of Christ no more then other Apostles.Which aunswere being heard, the other that afore had made sore obiections against him (which were both of the Apostles, and other Christen brethren) were content, holding their peace without any more complaining, and gaue glory therfore to God, saying: Then God hath graunted also vnto the Gentiles to take repentaunce, and so to come to eternall lyfe. Where in you may see, that the other Apostles were as bold with Peter, as before is shewed of Paule, to dispute against him. Neither were they therefore by Peter reproued of inobedience. He did not allege any preeminēce or authoritie, to rebuke them for their complaining, as one wold say: why should you that are my sheepe, control me, that am the head of the church and your pastor, or Christs general vicare, hauing both iurisdiction temporal, and spirituall: with such other like? but shewed them it was the will of God, that he had done, going to the Gentiles to tel them of eternal life, which God pleased to giue to them as well as to the Iewes. In token wherof the holy ghost did sensibly come among them, and so were they baptised.

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Thus may you see, that if Peter were the Vicare of Christ, MarginaliaVicar of Christ. euen so likewise was Paule, and all the other Apostles. And I do not thinke contrary, but that Peter and all other of the Apostles were Christes Vicares, if you meane by this word Vicar, a deputie or such like for to preach his Euangelie (which is an office of al other most soueraigne) to minister Sacramentes, and to do other such diuine seruice in Gods Church. And thus were they worthy to be called (as the Scripture nameth them) Christs true Apostles, Bishops, Priestes, Legates, or any such like. Which authority was giuen thē by Christ after his resurrection, when he sayd vnto them these wordes: MarginaliaLuke. 24.Peace be amongest you Like as my father hath sent me, so do I sende you. Take you the holy Ghost: whose sinnes soeuer you shall forgiue, are forgiuen them: and whose sinnes you shall retayne, are retayned. And the same authoritie did they receiue when Christe spake vnto all the Church, after the mind of Saint Augustine and other, in Peter, saying: MarginaliaIoh. 21.Peter feede my sheepe.

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MarginaliaTo the 44. artycle.¶ In the xliiij. where you aske, whether I beleeue, that the Pope ordinatly chosen for a time (his proper name being expressed, be the successour of Peter, I say that it seemeth to me a thing of no great valew whether a man beleue so or no, I can not see þt it should be numbred amongst the Articles of our faith. Notwithstanding I will shewe my rude thought in it, which is this.

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Marginalia

Succession of Peter.

How the Pope may be a successour of Peter.

The Pope may succeede in S. Peters steade or office, and do the same duly & diligently feeding Christes flocke, and shewing vertuous ensample of liuing to the same, & so doing, he may and ought to be thoght and named a true successour of S. Peter. MarginaliaEuery good Bishop may be successour of Peter.And thus is your Lordship, S. Peters successour, performing the conditions aforesaid, with otherlike properties requisite to your order and duety: yea and as many other as do truly their duty and duely the office of a Byshop. And otherwise may not the Pope be called the successour of Peter, for because he is entred into S. Peters office, not regarding to do that is requisite for the same, not folowing þe trace of vertue, but the cōtrary. And then is he wrongfully named, if at any time such be, whichis not vnpossible. MarginaliaThe Pope rather may be Peters aduersary, then his successour. For what should men cal those Peters successors, that play the pageants and folow with the conditions of Caiphas, Symon Magus, or Iudas? Such verely if any be, cannot rightwisly claime to be Peters succesors, no more then the night may claime to be the successour of the day: for Peter was neuer so minded, ne taught them so. Yea, they ought rather to be called Peters aduersaries, for so much as they do not his will, that is shewed by his owne actes and writing, but worke against the same. Of such may be saide: Non Sanctorum filij sunt, qui tenent loca Sanctorum, sed qui exercent opera eorum. That is to say, they are not all Saintes children, that occupy the rowms of Saintes, but they are their children, that exercise their works. Yea, of such may be said, that is written of S. Hierome. MarginaliaHirerome.Al Byshops (quoth he) are not Byshoppes, marke you well Peter, but marke also Iudas. MarginaliaAs the night is successour of the day so is the Pope successor of Peter except he follow the steppes of Peter. Behold Stephen, but behold Nicholas. Ecclesiasticall dignitie maketh not a Christen man. Cornelius the Centurion being yet a pagan, was made clean through the benefit of the holy ghost. Contrariwise, Daniel being a child, condemneth Priestes, or auncient men. It is no easy thing (saith he) to stande in the rowme of Peter and Paul, & to kepe the seate of them now reigning with Christe: For vnsauery salt is nought els worth, but to be throwen out of the doores, and troden downe of hogges. This sayth S. Hierome.

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Wherunto agreeth wel S. Augustine. MarginaliaAugust. Euery one (quoth he) that saith vnto you. Pax. vobis, ought not to be heard, or to be beleeued, as a doue. Crows be fedde of dead carion: & so is not a doue: but liueth by the fruites of the earth. Her liuing is pure, innocent and hurtlesse. MarginaliaLet vs marke not how the byrde speaketh, but how he feedeth. Whereby you may see, that ill Bishops are no Byshops, and that they which folow no Saints in vertuous liuing, are not the successors of Saints, but vnsauery salt, that is, neither of the church, ne shal come in heauen to reigne there with Peter & Paul, but be thrown out with great contēpt. For God knoweth a doue from a crow, and an innocent liuer from a deuourer of carion. MarginaliaThe Crow feedeth vpō carion, the Doue not so. But such as declare and shew good deeds, as the Saints did, be their childrē and successours, and shal with them reigne in heauen.

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MarginaliaHow the Pope is successour of Peter and how not.So that to conclude, I say, that the Pope ordinatly chosen is the successour of S. Peter, folowing S. Peters godly liuing. And els, except he study to do diligently, that he may be so called worthily, it shal be but a vaine name. For rather may he els be reputed an Image of a Pope, or of a Bishop according as such be called of the Prophet: MarginaliaZach. 11. O Pastor & Idolum: O Idoll shepheards.

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MarginaliaTo the last article.¶ In the xlv. where you aske, whether euer I haue promised as any time by an othe, or made any confederacie or league with any person or persons, that I would alway hold and defend certain conclusions or articles seeming to me and to my complices right & consonant vnto the faith? and will that I should certifie you of the course and forme of the said opinions and conclusions by row, MarginaliaIoh. Lambert required to detect his fellowes.& of þe names and surnames of them that were to me adherent, & promised to be adherēt in this behalf: I say, that I doe not remēber, that euer I made pact or confederacie wt any person or persons, ne made any promise by oth, that I would alway hold and defend any conclusions, or articles seming to me and other, right and consonant to the faith, vnlesse it hath chanced me to say in this forme: that I would neuer with the ayde of God, forsake ne decline from the truth, neither for feare, nor yet for loue of man or men.

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Thus I haue perhaps sayd in some time, or some place, because I haue in deed so intended, and doe entend, Gods grace assisting me. But I can not yet tell you, whether I haue so said or no, nor to what persōs, ne at what time, neither in what place. Neither I do reckē me to haue any cōplices, but such as do loue me, and I them, for God and in God. And those doe I recken all them that are or will be truly Christen, in calling vpon Christes name. MarginaliaAll the opiniōs of Iohn Lambert ingrossed in two propositions.And concerning opiniōs or cōclusions, I can tel you of none other, thē I haue shewed: the summe wherof I recken and think vtterly be concluded in two propositions, which both are written in the new Testament.

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MarginaliaThe first proposition.The first is in the Actes of the Apostles MarginaliaAct. 4. in this wise: Christus est caput anguli, nec est in alio quoquam salus. Non enim aliud nomen sub cœlo datum est inter homines, in quo oporteat nos saluos fieri. That is to say: Christ is the head corner stone of our faith, whervpon it should be set and grounded: neyther is saluation in any other, for there is none other name vnder heauen geuen amongest men, wherein we may be saued. This is the one of the propositions, wherein is ingrossed or cōprehended my saying, which S. Paul doth thus otherwise explicate: Marginalia1. Cor. 1.Christ is made of God our wisedome, our righteousnes, our purenes, or satisfaction, and our redemption. And in an other place: There is none other foundation, that any man may put, except that which is already put, that is Christ Iesus.

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MarginaliaThe second proposition.The other proposition is written of the Prophete E-

say
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