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Mr EdgarMr Pope
 
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Mr Edgar

Robert Barnes, in his speech at his execution, asked Mr Pope to urge Mr Edgar to give up swearing. 1563, p. 611; 1570, p. 1373; 1576, p. 1171; 1583, p. 1200.

 
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Mr Pope

Robert Barnes, in his speech at his execution, asked Mr Pope to urge Mr Edgar to give up swearing. 1563, p. 611; 1570, p. 1373; 1576, p. 1171; 1583, p. 1200.

1224 [1200]

K. Hen. 8. The death and martirdome of Barnes, Hierome and Garret.

MarginaliaThe second request of Doctor Barnes to the king.The second that I desire his grace, is, that he will see that matrimonie be had in more reuerence then it is, and that men for euery light cause inuented, cast not off theyr wiues, and liue in adultery and fornication, and that those that be not maried, should not abhominably liue in whoredome, folowing the filthy lustes of the fleshe.

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MarginaliaThe 3. request.The third, that the abhominable swearers may be punished and straightly looked vpon: for the vengeance of God wil come on them for their mischieuous othes. Then desired he maister Pope to haue him commended to Maister Edgar, MarginaliaDoct. Barnes request to M. Edgar to leaue swearing.and to desire him, for the deare bloud of Iesu Christ, that he woulde leaue that abhominable swearing which he vsed, for surely except he did forsake it, he woulde come to some mischieuous ende.

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MarginaliaThe 4. request.The fourth, that his grace would set forth Christs true Religion, and seeing he hath begon, that he would go forward and make an end, for many things haue bene done, but much more is to do: and that it would please his grace to looke on Gods word himselfe, for that it hath ben obscured with many traditions inuented of our owne braynes. Now said he, how many petitions haue I spoken of? And the people said foure. Well said he: euen these foure be sufficiente, whiche I desire you: that the Kinges grace may be certified of, and say that I most humbly desire him to looke earnestly vpon them: and that his grace take heede that he be not deceiued with false preachers and teachers and euill councell, for Christ sayth, that such false Prophets shal come in Lambes skinnes.

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Then desired he all men to forgeue him, and if hee had sayd any euill at any time vnaduisedly, whereby he had offended any man, or geuen anye occasion of euill, that they would forgiue it him, and amende that euill they tooke of him, and to beare him witnes, MarginaliaDoct. Barnes cleareth himselfe of al heresi.that he detested and abhorred all euill opinions and doctrines against the worde of God, and that he died in the faith of Iesu Christ, by whom he doubted not, but to be saued. And with those words he desired them all to pray for him, and then he turned him about, and put off his clothes, making him ready to the fire, paciently there to take his death.

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The like 

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No independent witness to Garret and Jerome's confessions from the stake survives. They were first introduced in 1570 and retained unaltered thereafter. It is possible that one of the various manuscript versions of Barnes' Protestation also included these texts.

confession made also Hierome and Garret, professing in like maner their beliefe, MarginaliaThe protestatiō and confession of Hierome and Garret.reciting all the articles of the Christian faith, briefly declaring their myndes vpon euery article, as the time would suffer: whereby the people might vnderstand that there was no cause nor errour in their fayth, wherefore iustly they ought to be condemned: Protesting moreouer that they denied nothyng that was eyther in the old or new Testament, set foorth by their soueraigne Lorde the King: whome they prayed theLord long to continue amongst them, with his most deare sonne Prince Edward. Which done. Hierome addeth this exhortation in few words folowing.

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MarginaliaThe exhortation of Hierome to the people.I say vnto you good breethren, that God hath bought v s all with no small price, neyther with golde nor siluer, or other such things of small value, but with his most precious bloud. Be not vnthankefull therefore to him againe, but do as much as to Christian men belongeth, to fulfill his commaundementes, that is, loue your brethren. Loue hurteth no man, loue fulfilleth all things. If God haue sent thee plentie, helpe thy neighbour that hathe neede. Giue him good councell. If ye lacke, consider if thou were in necessitie, thou wouldst gladly be refreshed. And againe, beare your crosse with Christ. Consider what reproofe, fclaunder, and reproch he suffered of his enemies, and how paciently he suffered all thinges. Consider that all that Christ did, was of his meere goodnesse, and not of our deseruing. For if we could merite our owne saluation, Christ woulde not haue dyed for vs. But for Adams breaking of Gods precept, we had bene all lost, if Christ had not redeemed vs againe. And like as Adam broke the precepts, and was driuen out of Paradise: so wee, if we breake Gods commaundements, shall haue damnation, if we do not repent and aske mercy. Now therefore let all Christians put no trust nor confidence in their workes, but in the bloud of Christ, to whome I commit my soule to guide, beseeching you all to pray to God for me, and for my breethren here present with me, that our soules leauing these wretched carcases, may constantly depart in the true fayth of Christ.

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In much like sort Garret also protesting and exhorting the people after his confession made, ended his protestation in maner as foloweth.

MarginaliaTho Garret cleareth himselfe.I also detest, abhorre, and refuse all heresies and errours, and if eyther by negligence or ignoraunce I haue taught or maynteyned any, I am sory for it, and aske God mercie. Or if I haue bene so vehement or rash in preaching, whereby any person hath taken anye offence, errour, or euill opinion, I desire him, and all other persons which I haue any way offended, of forgeuenes. Notwithstanding to my remembraunce, I neuer preached wittinglye or willingly anye thing agaynste Gods holye worde, or contrary to the true fayth, to the maintenaunce of errours, heresies, or vitious liuing, but haue alwaye for my little learning and witte, set foorth the honour of God, and the right obedience to his lawes, and also the Kinges accordingly. And if I coulde haue done better, I woulde. Wherefore Lorde if I haue taken in hande to

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¶ The death and burning of the most constant Martyrs in Christ, D. Robert Barnes, Tho. Garret, and W. Hierome in Smithfield an. 1541.
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In the first edition these martyrs merited a full-sized woodcut, spreading across the whole page, that showed the three men tied to their stakes above the faggots, with a mounted horseman on one side and a crowd of onlookers, including some watching from windows. The replacement of this narrative woodcut by one of the standardised sequence of small iconic burnings, may seem suggestive of how the change in illustrative technique introduced in 1570 reflected as well as bore on the standing of the martyrs. Given the problematical questions surrounding the deaths of these men and the possible charges against them (hard to substantiate in view of their summary condemnation by attainder), and Foxe's acknowledged concern to reply fully to the charges of 'Alan Cope' (Nicholas Harpsfield), such diminished pictorial emphasis might well have seemed advisable in 1570. The small cut used from 1570 on showed two, not all three of those burned in Smithfield, a mismatch that was far from unique and may not have bothered contemporary readers and users of Foxe's work. CUL copy: note that the features of the people in this illustration are painted with a richer white.

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