Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Alexander Symmerwayll

When others refused to be involved in the execution of Walter Mylne at St Andrews, Alexander Symmerwayll took him to the fire. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, pp. 1238-39; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Andrew Oliphant

Chaplain to John Hamilton, archbishop of St Andrews; dean of Fife 1549; dean of Forthrif (1539 - 44); dean of Linlithglow (1544 - 45) [Fasti ecclesiæ scoticanæ]

Andrew Oliphant ordered Walter Mylne to answer to the articles put to him at his examination. He then pronounced sentence against him. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

Oliphant helped Mylne up to the stake. He forbade him to speak, but some of the young men insisted that he be permitted. 1570, p. 1453; 1576, p. 1239; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Donald Campbell

(d. 1562) [ODNB; Fasti ecclesiæ scoticanæ ; Watt and Shead, Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland C12-16, Scottish Record Society, vol. 24 (2001)]

Abbot of Coupar Angus (1525 - 62); had the support of the king over Alexander Spens, elected by monks; not professed as monk until 1530; bishop of Brechin (1558 - 59); brother of 3rd earl of Argyll

Donald Campbell sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
George Durie

(d. 1577) [ODNB]

Nephew of Archbishop James Beaton of St Andrews; archdeacon of St Andrews c. 1522; papal provision to Dunfermline Abbey (held by the archbishop) in 1526; sole superior (1539 - 72); ceded the archdeaconry to his nephew Robert Pitcairn in 1539

MP, lord of the council, diplomat; keeper of the privy seal (1552 - 55); took part in heresy trials 1527, 1550, 1558; resident in France (1560 - 70); had 4 illegitimate sons

George Durie was one of those who passed the sentence definitive on Patrick Hamilton in 1528. 1570, p. 1109; 1576, p. 948; 1583, p. 975.

Durie sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

Durie sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Grierson

(c. 1486 - 1564?) [ODNB]

BTh 1516; prior of St Andrews, provincial of Dominicans (1523 - 59); dean of the theology faculty of St Andrews 1553

John Grierson was one of those who, with Bishop Beaton, persecuted Patrick Hamilton. 1570, p. 1108; 1576, p. 947; 1583, p. 974.

Grierson sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

Grierson sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Philips (Philp)

(d. before 13/5/68) [D. E. R. Watt and N. F. Shead, The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from C12 - C16, Scottish Record Society, vol. 24 (Edinburgh, 2001)]

Monk of Lindores; abbot of Lindores (1523 - 66); resigned on a pension

John Philips sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

Philips sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Winram (Wynram)

(c. 1492 - 1582) [ODNB]

Prior of St Serf within Lochleven 1553, ecclesiastical reformer; BA St Andrews 1515; MA before 1532; DTh 1541; sub-prior 1535, de facto leader of St Andrews Augustinian priory during the minority of Lord James Stewart; elected superintendent of Fife 1560; married 1562

John Winram sat on the assize that condemned Sir John Borthwick for heresy. 1563, p. 575; 1583, p. 1259.

Cardinal David Beaton ordered John Winram to summon George Wishart to appear before the bishops at St Andrews. Winram preached a sermon against heresy, which he defined as opinion obstinately held which impugned the scriptures. 1563, pp. 648-49; 1570, p. 1444; 1576, pp. 1231-32; 1583, p. 1268.

John Scot and another Franciscan went to Wishart in the castle prison after his condemnation and insisted he make his confession to them. He refused, asking to confess to John Winram instead. 1563, p. 653; 1570, p. 1447; 1576, p. 1234; 1583, p. 1271.

Winram sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

During the dispute over the Lord's Prayer, John Winram was given a commission to declare to the people the manner in which it should be prayed. He declared that it should be directed to God, and this settled the matter. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

Winram sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Patrick Hepburn

(c. 1487 - 1573) [ODNB; Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae]

MP 1525; secretary to James V (1525 - 26)

Prior of St Andrews 1526; bishop of Moray (1538 - 73)

Patrick Hepburn was one of those who passed the sentence definitive on Patrick Hamilton in 1528. 1570, p. 1109; 1576, p. 948; 1583, p. 975.

Hepburn sat on the assize that deprived and exiled John Kerr. 1570, p. 1448; 1576, p. 1235; 1583, p. 1272.

He sat on the assize that tried and condemned Adam Wallace. 1570, pp. 1448-50; 1576, pp. 1235-36; 1583, pp. 1272-73.

Hepburn sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Patrick Learmond

Provost of the city of St Andrews; steward to John Hamilton, archbishop of St Andrews

When the assize had condemned Walter Mylne and turned him over to the secular authority for execution, Patrick Learmond refused to judge him. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Robert Foster

(d. 1539/40) [Fines]

Gentleman of Stirling; martyr, burnt at Edinburgh

A summons was directed from David Beaton and George Crichton upon Thomas Forret, John Beveridge, John Kelowe, Duncan Sympson and Robert Foster, along with three or four others from Stirling. They were condemned for heresy without any opportunity to recant and burnt together on the castle hill in Edinburgh. 1570, p. 1442; 1576, p. 1230; 1583, p. 1266.

[Back to Top]
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Robert Stewart

(1522/3 - 1586) [ODNB]

Earl of Lennox and earl of March; bishop-elect of Caithness in 1541 - he was too young to be a priest; he was never consecrated but kept the revenues for life

Along with the archbishop of St Andrews and bishop of Aberdeen, Robert Stewart opposed the directing of the Lord's Prayer to saints. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

Stewart sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Cranston

Provost of St Salvator's College, University of St Andrews (1553 - 60) [/www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~www_spa/history/early.html]

William Cranston sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Gordon

(d. 1577) [ODNB]

Younger son of Alexander Gordon, 3rd earl of Huntly; studied at Aberdeen, Paris; BCnCL Angers; chancellor of Moray (1540 - 46); bishop of Aberdeen (1546 - 77); chancellor of the University of Aberdeen; fathered eight illegitimate children

Along with the archbishop of St Andrews and bishop of Caithness, William Gordon opposed the directing of the Lord's Prayer to saints. 1570, p. 1451; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1274.

Gordon sat on the assize that tried and condemned Walter Mylne. 1570, p. 1452; 1576, p. 1238; 1583, p. 1275.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Dunfermline [Dunfermeling] Abbey

Scotland

OS grid ref: NT 088 874

1299 [1275]

K. Henry 8. The accusations of Walter Mille with hys answeres, hys condemnation, and Martyrdome.

laboured to perswade him by faire promises, and offered vnto him a Monkes portion for all the dayes of his life, in the Abbay of Dunfermeling, so that hee woulde denie the things he had taught, and graunt that they were heresie: but he continuing in the truth euen vnto the end, despised their threatnings and faire promises.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaConcilium malignantium,Then assembled together the Bishops of S. Andrewes, Murray, Brechin, Caitnes, and Atheins, the Abbots of Dunfermeling, Landors, Balindrinot, & Towper, with Doctors of Theologie of S. Andrewes, as Iohn Greson blacke Frier, and Dane Iohn Vymame, suppriour of S. Andrewes, William Trāston Prouost of þe old Colledge, with diuers others, as sondry Friers blacke & gray. These being assembled, and hauing cōsulted together, he was taken out of prison, & brought to þe Metropolitane Church, where he was put in a Pulpit tofore the Bishops to be acused, the 20. day of Aprill 

Commentary  *  Close

20 April 1558.

. MarginaliaWalter Mylle for age could scarse clyme to the pulpit.Being brought vnto þe Church, and climing vp to the Pulpit, they seeing him so weake & feeble of person, partly by age and trauaile, & partly by euil intreatment, that without help he could not clime vp, they were in despaire not to haue heard him for weakenesse of voyce. MarginaliaGod geueth strength contrary to mans expectation.But when he began to speake, he made the Church to ring and sound againe, wyth so great courage & stoutnes, that the Christians which were present, were no lesse reioyced, then the aduersaries were confounded and ashamed. He being in the Pulpit, and on his knees at Prayer, MarginaliaAndrew Oliphant the Archbishops Chaplaine.sir Andrew Oliphant, one of the Byshops Priestes, commaunded him to arise and to answere to his Articles, saying on this maner: Sir Walter Mille, arise and aunswere to the Articles, for you hold my Lord heere ouer long. To whome Walter after he had finished his prayer, aunswered saying: We ought to obey God more then men, I serue one more mightie, euen the omnipotent Lord: and where you call me sir Walter, they call me Walter and not Sir Walter, I haue bene ouerlong one of the Popes Knightes. Now say what thou hast to say.

[Back to Top]
These were the Articles where of he was accused, with his aunsweres vnto the same.

MarginaliaOliphant.OLiphant. What thinke you of Priests mariage?

MarginaliaMylle.Mille. I hold it a blessed band, for Christ himself maintained it, and approued the same, and also made it free to al men: but ye thinke it not free to you: ye abhorre it, & wil not keepe the band that God hath made. Ye vow chastitie, & breake the same. S. Paul 

Commentary  *  Close

I Corinthians 7:9.

had rather marry then burne: the which I haue done, for God forbad neuer mariage to any man, of what state or degree so euer he were.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaOliphant.Olip. Thou sayest there is not seauen sacraments.

MarginaliaMylle.Mille. Geue me the Lords supper and Baptisme, and take you the rest, & part them amōg you: For if there be vij. why haue you omitted one of them, to wit, mariage, and geue your selues to sclaunderous and vngodly whoredome.

MarginaliaOliphant.Oliph. Thou art against the blessed sacrament of the aultar, and sayest, that the Masse is wrong, and is Idolatry.

MarginaliaMylle.Mille. A Lord or a King sendeth & calleth many to a diner, and when the diner is in readinesse, he causeth to ryng a bell, and the men come to the hall, and sit downe to be partakers of the diner, but the Lord turning his backe vnto them, eateth all himselfe, and mocked them: so do ye. MarginaliaA similitude aptely applyed.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaOliphant.Oliph. Thou denyest the sacrament of the aultar to be the very body of Christ really in flesh and bloud.

MarginaliaMylle.Mille. MarginaliaThe Sacrament and sacrifice of the Masse.The scripture of God is not to be taken carnally but spiritually, and standeth in faith only: & as for the Masse, it is wrong, for Christ was once offered on the Crosse for mans trespasse, and will neuer be offered agayne, for then he ended all sacrifice.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaOliphant.Oliph. Thou deniest the office of a Byshop.

MarginaliaMylle.Mille. I affirme that they whome ye call MarginaliaByshops no Byshops.Byshops, do no Bishops workes, nor vse the offices of Bishops, (as Paul 

Commentary  *  Close

I Timothy 3:2-7.

biddeth writing to Timothy) but liue after their owne sensuall pleasure, and take no care of the flocke, nor yet regard they the word of God, but desire to be honored and called, my Lords.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaOliphant.Oliph. Thou speakest against pilgrimage, and callest it a pilgrimage to whoredome.

MarginaliaMylle.Mille. I affirme that, and say that it is not commaunded in the scripture, and that there is no greater whoredome in no places, then at your pilgrimages, except it be in common brothels.

Oliph. Thou preachedst quietly and priuatly in houses, and openly in the fields.

MarginaliaWalter Mylle constant in the truth.Mille. Yea man, and on the sea also sailing in ship.

Oliph. Wilt thou not recant thine erroneous opiniōs? and if thou wilt not, MarginaliaSentence pronounced against Walter Mylle.I will pronounce sentence against thee.

Mille. I am accused of my life: I know I must die once 

Commentary  *  Close

Hebrews 9:27.

, & therfore as Christ 
Commentary  *  Close

John 13:27.

sayd to Iudas: Quod facis, fac citius. Yeshal know that I will not recant the truth, for I am corne, I am no chaffe, I wil not be blowne away with the wind nor burst with the flaile, but I will abide both.

These thinges rehearsed they of purpose, with other light trifles, to augment their final accusation, and then sir Andrew Oliphant pronounced sentence against him, that he shuld be deliuered to the temporall iudge, and punished as an hereticke, which was to be burnt. Notwithstanding his boldnes and constancie moued so the hartes of many, that the Byshops Stuard of his regalitie, Prouost of the towne called MarginaliaPatricke Learmond the Archbyshops stuard and Prouost, refuseth to be his temporall iudge.Patrike Learmond, refused to be his temporall iudge: to whome it appertained if the cause had bene iust. MarginaliaAlso the Archbishops chamberlaine refuseth to be his iudge.Also the Bishops chamberlaine being therwith charged, would in no wise take vpon him so vngodly an office. MarginaliaThe towne offended wtth the condemnation of Walter Mille.Yea the whole towne was so offended with his vniust cōdemnation, that the Bishops seruauntes MarginaliaNo corde in all the towne could be bought to tye him to the stake.could not get for their money so much as one cord to tie him to þe stake, or a tarre barrell to burne him, but were constrained to cut the cordes of their maisters own pauilion to serue their turne.

[Back to Top]

Neuerthelesse one seruaunt of the Byshops more ignoraunt and cruell then the rest, called MarginaliaAlexander Symmerwaill the Bishops seruant, made temporal iudge for Walter Mille.Alexander Symmerwayll, enterprising the office of a temporall iudge in that part, conueyed him to the fire, where against all naturall reason of man, his boldnes and hardines did more and more increase: so that MarginaliaThe miraculous working of God in Walter Mille.the spirit of God working miraculously in him, made it manifest to the people that his cause and Articles were iust, and he innocently put downe.

[Back to Top]

Now when all things were ready for his death, and he conueyed with armed men to the fire, Oliphant bad him passe to the stake: and he said, nay, but wilt thou put me vp with thy hand and take part of my death, thou shalt see me passe vp gladly, for by þe law of God I am forbiddē to put hands vpon my selfe. Thē Oliphant put him vp with his hand, and he ascended gladly, saying: Introibo ad altare Dei, and MarginaliaW. Mille denyed by the Byshops to speakedesired that he might haue place to speake to þe people, the which Oliphant and other of the burners denyed, saying that he had spoken ouer much, for the Byshops were altogether offended that þe matter was so long continued. MarginaliaW. Mille permitted by the yoūg men to speake.Then some of the yong men committed both the burners, and the Byshops their maysters to the Diuell, saying, that they beleeued that they should lament that daye, and desired the sayd Walter to speake what he pleased.

[Back to Top]

And so after he had made his humble supplicatiō to God on his knees, he arose, and stāding vpon the coales said on this wise. MarginaliaThe words of W. Mylle to the people.Deare frends, the cause why I suffer this day, is not for any crime layd to my charge (albeit I be a miserable sinner before God) but only for the defence of þe fayth of Iesus Christ, set foorth in the new and old Testament vnto vs, for which, that as the faithfull Martirs haue offered themselues gladly before, beeing assured after the death of their bodies of eternall felicitie, so this daye I praise God, that he hath called me of his mercy among the rest of his seruaunts, to seale vp his truth with my lyfe: which as I haue receaued it of him, so willingly I offer it

[Back to Top]
The Martyrdome of Walter Mille.

MarginaliaW. Mylle of Scotland Martyr. Anno 1558.The Martyrdome of Walter Mille.
woodcut [View a larger version]
Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
CUL copy: he is depicted as having a greyish brown beard and hair. WREN copy: the same details are provided.

to
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield