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Richard RichMarshalsea
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Richard Rich

(1496/7 - 1567) [ODNB; Bindoff]

Solicitor-general (1533 - 36); JP Essex, Hertfordshire (1528 - death); privy councillor (1540 - 58); MP Colchester 1529, MP Essex 1536, 1539, 1542, 1545; speaker of the House of Commons 1536

Lord chancellor (1547 - 51); 1st Baron Rich 1547

Richard Rich and Edmund Bonner attempted to persuade Anne Askew to change her views after her condemnation. Rich then sent her to the Tower. 1563, p. 676; 1570, p. 1418; 1576, p. 1209; 1583, p. 1238.

Rich and Sir John Baker went to Anne Askew in the Tower and tried to get her to incriminate others. 1563, p. 676; 1570, p. 1418; 1576, p. 1209; 1583, p. 1238.

Sir Anthony Knyvet had his jailer rack Anne Askew. When Knyvet refused to have the racking continued, Richard Rich and Thomas Wriothesley racked her themselves. She refused to give any information, but was released by Knyvet. 1563, p. 676; 1570, p. 1418; 1576, p. 1209; 1583, p. 1239.

Richard Rich was a signatory to a letter from the council to the bishops, instructing them to administer communion in two kinds. 1570, p. 1491; 1576, p. 1264; 1583, p. 1301.

He was a signatory to a letter from the council to Edmund Bonner, instructing that he cease to allow private masses in St Paul's. 1563, pp. 692-93; 1570, p. 1493; 1576, p. 1265; 1583, p. 1302.

Lord Rich spoke to the assembled justices of the peace, urging them to work assiduously to keep order in the realm and especially to further the king's religious reforms. 1570, p. 1493; 1576, p. 1265; 1583, p. 1302.

Lord Rich was a deponent in the case of Stephen Gardiner. 1563, pp. 821-22.

Lord Rich was one of the signatories to the proclamation against Edward Seymour calling for his removal. 1570, p. 1547; 1576, p. 1318; 1583, p. 1368.

After Edmund Bonner was sentenced to prison and deprived of his bishopric, the king appointed Lord Rich, Henry marquess of Dorset, Thomas Goodrich, Lord Wentworth, Sir Anthony Wingfield, Sir William Herbert, Nicholas Wotton, Edward Montague, Sir John Baker, Judge Hales, John Gosnold, John Oliver and Griffith Leyson to examine his documents. They confirmed the sentence against him. 1563, p. 725; 1570, p. 1519; 1576, pp. 1287-88; 1583, p. 1330.

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The king sent Richard Lord Rich, Sir Anthony Wingfield and Sir William Petre to his sister, Lady Mary, to ensure she and her household complied with the new laws on religion. 1576, pp. 1296-97; 1583, pp. 1338-39.

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Prison on the south bank of the Thames in Southwark, London

1352 [1328]

K. Edward 6. The 7. seßion agaynst Boner. Boners supplication. The archbishops answeres to Boner.

MarginaliaAnno 1549.inforced to geue such sentence against hym.

The Bishop nothing at all regarding this gentle and friendly admonition and fauour, but persisting still in hys woonted contumacie, drew foorth a paper, wheron he read these wordes followyng.

MarginaliaA declaration of Boner before the Commyssioners.I Edmund bishop of London brought in as a prisoner by hys keeper, one of the Marshalsey, here before you my Lord of Canterbury and your pretensed Colleagues, doe vnder my former Protestations heretofore by me made before you and remaining in your Acte, declare that this my presence here at this tyme is not voluntary, nor of myne owne free will and consent, but vtterly coacted and agaynst my will, and that beyng otherwyse sent for, or brought before you then I am (that is as a prisoner) I would not beyng at libertie, haue come or appeared before you, but would haue declined and refused to make any appearaunce at all, but would haue absented my selfe from you, as lawfully and well I might haue done, standing to, vsing, and enioying all and singular my lawfull remedies and defences heretofore vsed, exercised, and enioyed, especially my prouocation and appellation heretofore interponed and made vnto the Kinges most excellent Maiestie, to whom eftsoones Ex abundanti, I haue both prouoked and appealed, and also made Supplication vnto, as appeareth in these writings, which vnder Protestation aforesayd, I do exhibite and leaue here with the Actuarie of this cause, requiryng hym to make an Instrument thereupon, and the personnes here present to beare record in that behalfe: MarginaliaBoner pretendeth submission to the king.especially to the intent it may appeare, I do better acknowledge the kings Maiesties authoritie euen in his tender and yong age, prouoking and appealyng to his Maiestie as my most gracious soueraigne and supreme head, with submission to his highnes (as appeareth in my appellation and other remedies) for my tuition and defence, then other some, I doe meane you my Lord of Caunterbury and your sayd pretensed Colleagues, which by law and good reason ought to haue deferred and geuen place vnto such prouocation, appellation, and Supplication, as heretofore lawfully haue bene by me interponed and made vnto his Maiesties most royall person and authoritie in this behalfe.

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As soone as the B. had read these wordes, he did deliuer as well that paper, as also two other, vnto the Actuarie, the one conteining an appellatiō, and the other a supplication vnto the kings Maiestie: which appellation beginneth thus: In the name of God. Amen.

Wherein first he shewed how naturally euery creature declineth gladly frō that thing which goeth about to hurt it, and also seeketh helpe & remedy to withstand such hurts and iniuries.

Further he shewed that it is found by experience to be hurtfull and daungerous to trust hym that once hath hurt and beguiled, least he might adde more, rather then to take ought from.

Moreouer he shewed that he had found heretofore at the handes of the B. of Caunterbury and the rest of þe Colleagues in this matter, much extremitie and crueltie, iniuries, losses and griefes, contrary to Gods law, and the lawes and statutes of this Realme, and agaynst Iustice, charitie, and good order, beyng well assured if they were not stayed but proceeded, they would adde more euill to euill, losse to losse, displeasure to displeasure, as (sayde he) their seruants haue reported, and they agreeable doe shew the same.

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Agayne in the sayde appeale he shewed that the Byshop of Canterbury and the other Commissioners ought to haue considered and done better in that matter, for honour and obedience to the Kings Maiestie, which hetherto they haue not done (said he) in that they haue not giuen place to hys prouocations and appellations heretofore made vnto hys grace, iustly and lawfully, and vpon good and iust causes, namely, for the vniust griefes they did agaynst him, which he sayd to appeare in the Actes of that matter: as in pronouncyng hym contumacem vnreasonably without good cause, and further in assignyng the terme ad audiendum finale decretum, and in committyng hym to straight prisone, as appeareth in theyr Actes. Therefore he dyd not onelye Ex abundanti, ad omnem iuris cautelam, decline and refuse theyr pretensed iurisdiction as before: but also by these presentes here shewed, he dyd appeale from the sayd Byshop of Caunterbury and the rest, vnto the Kinges Maiestie, askyng also those Letters of Appeale, MarginaliaLetters of appeale called Apostoli. which the lawe doth admitte, saying, he dyd not intend to goe from hys former prouocations and appellations, but to ioyne and cleaue vnto them in euery part and parcell, submittyng hymselfe to the protection and defence of the Kinges Maiestie, and he therein made intimation to the Byshoppe of Caunterbury, and the sayd Colleagues, to all intentes and purposes that might come thereof.

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Furthermore, as touchyng the Supplication aboue mentioned, which Boner (as we sayd) put vp in writyng to the Commissioners, the Copie thereof here vnder likewyse ensueth.

¶ The Supplication of Boner to the Chauncellor of England, with all the rest of the Kings Maiesties, most honourable priuy Counsaile.

MarginaliaThe copy of Boners supplicatiō.PLease it your most honourable good Lordships with my most humble recommendations, to vnderstand, that albeit I haue accordyng to the lawes, statutes, and ordinaunces of this realme, made supplication, prouocation and appellation vnto the kyngs most excellent Maiestie from the vnlawfull and wycked processe of the Archbishop of Caunterbury, the byshoppe of Rochester, Maister Secretary Smith, and the Deane of Paules, as also as well from their vniust interlocutorie, as also their diffinitiue sentence whereby in law I ought to haue libertie to come abroad and prosecute the same, yet such is the malignitie of the Iudges agaynst me, with bearing and maintenaunce of other, which sundry and many ways haue sought my ruine and destruction, that I am here penned and locked vp, vsed very extremely at their pleasure, and for the contentation of the sayd Maister Smith, and not suffred to finde sureties, or to goe abroad to prosecute and sue my sayd appellation.

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In consideration whereof, it may please your said good Lordships, to take some order and redresse herein, especially for that it is now the tyme that the Kings subsidie now due, ought to be called vpon, and iustice also ministred vnto his Maiesties subiects which beyng as I now am, I cannot be suffered to doe. And thus without further extending my letter therein, consideryng that your great wisedomes, experience and goodnesse can gather of a little what is expedient and necessary for the whole, I doe beseech almighty God to preserue and keepe well all your honourable good Lordships. Written in hast this 7. of October, 1549. in the Marshalsey.

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Your honourable Lordshyps poore
Orator & most bounden Bedes
man, Edmund London.

MarginaliaThe Archbishop answered to the words of BonerThese thynges ended, the Archbyshop said vnto him: My Lord, where you say that you come coacted, or els ye would not haue appeared, I do muich maruell of you. For you would therby make vs and this audience here beleue, that because you are a prisoner, ye ought not therefore to aunswer. Which if it were true, were enough to confound the whole state of this Realme. For I dare say, that of the greatest prisoners and rebels that euer your keeper there (meaning the Vndermarshall) hath had vnder hym, he cannot shewe me one that hath vsed such defence, as you here haue done.

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MarginaliaBoner.Well quoth the B. if my keper were learned in þe lawes I could shew him my mynd therein.

MarginaliaThe archbishop.Well, sayde the Archbyshop, I haue read ouer all the Lawes as well as you, but to an other ende and purpose then you did, and yet I can finde no suche priuiledge in this matter.

MarginaliaSecretary Smith.Then M. Secretary Smith did very sore burthen and charge hym, how disobediently and rebelliously he had always behaued himselfe towards the Kings Maiestie and his authoritie.

MarginaliaBoner.Whereupon, the B. vnder his protestation aunswered agayne, that he was the kings Maiesties lawfull and true subiect, and did acknowledge his highnesse to be his gracious soueraigne Lord, or els he would not haue appealed vnto him, as he had, yea & would gladly lay his hands and his necke also vnder his graces feete, and therefore he desired that his highnesse lawes and iustice might be ministred vnto him.

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MarginaliaSecretary Smith.Yea (quoth Maister Secretary) you say wel my Lord, but I pray you what others haue all these rebels both in Northfolke, Deuonshire, and Cornewall, and other places done? Haue they not said thus? MarginaliaBoner compared to the rebells of Deuonshire.We be the kings true Subiectes, we acknowledge hym for our Kyng, and we will obey his lawes, with such lyke, and yet when eyther Commaundement, Letter or Pardon was brought vnto them from his Maiestie, they beleeued it not, but sayd it was forged and made vnder a hedge, and was Gentlemens doyngs, so that in deede they would not, nor dyd obey any thing.

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MarginaliaBoner.Ah sir, sayd the B. I perceyue your meanyng: as who should say, that the Bish. of London is a rebell like them. Yea by my troth (quoth the Secretary.) MarginaliaThe people laughing at Boner.Whereat the people laughed.

MarginaliaD. May.Then the Deane of Paules said vnto him, that he maruelled much, and was very sory to see him so vntractable,

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