Critical Apparatus for this Page
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Emmanuel Philibert

(d. 1580)

Prince of Piedmont and Duke of Savoy. He was a Hapsburg client whose lands had been conquered by the French. He would later be suggested by Philip II as a suitor for Elizabeth's hand in marriage.

Visited the royal court at Westminster on 28 December 1554 (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583,p. 1480).

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Hugh Weston

(1505? - 1558)

Dean of Westminster (1553 - 1556). Archdeacon of Colchester (1554 - 1558). Dean of Windsor (1556 - 1557) [Fasti]. Prolocutor of the Lower House [Diarmaid MacCulloch, Thomas Cranmer: A Life (Yale, 1996), pp. 563-68].

Hugh Weston was appointed Prolocutor of the 1553 Convocation, over which he presided and during which he disputed with Philpot and Aylmer (1563, pp. 906-16; 1570, pp. 1571-78; 1576, pp. 1340-47; and 1583, p. 1410-17).

According to a story related to Sir Thomas White (and printed by Foxe), Sir Thomas Wyatt declared from the scaffold that Elizabeth and Edward Courtenay were innocent of any involvement in his treason. Weston, who was on the scaffold, cried out to the crowd that Wyatt had confessed otherwise before the Privy Council. Allegedly White, on hearing a report of the incident, denounced Weston as a knave (1570, p. 1587; 1576, p. 1355; and 1583, p. 1425).

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Weston was prolocutor (technically Weston was prolocutor of the lower house of convocation) and head of a delegation sent to dispute with Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer (see MacColloch, Cranmer, p. 563) at the Oxford Disputations (1563, pp. 932 and 936; 1570, p. 1591; 1576, p. 1358; 1583, p. 1428).

He received the doctors sent from Cambridge to the disputation (1563, p. 936; 1570, p. 1592; 1576, p. 1358; 1583, p. 1429).

He presided over the Oxford disputations of 1554 (1563, pp. 936-85; 1570, pp. 1592-1627; 1576, pp. 1358-88; 1583, pp. 1429-59).

[NB: A brief account of the entire disputations, which mentions Weston throughout, is given on 1563, pp. 933-35; part of this brief account listing the disputants with Ridley was reprinted in 1570, p. 1606; 1576, p. 1371; and 1583, p. 1441).

Weston presided over John Harpsfield's disputation for his D.D. on 19 April 1554. Weston debated with both Cranmer and Harpsfield (1563, pp. 986-91; 1570, pp. 1627-32; 1576, pp. 1389-92; 1583, pp. 1459-63).

Weston presided over the commissioners at the condemnation of Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer on 20 April 1554 (1563, pp. 935-36; 1570, pp. 1632-33; 1576, p. 1393; 1583, pp. 1463-64).

Weston received a letter from Ridley of 23 April 1554, protesting that he had broken his promise to allow Ridley to examine a copy of the record of his disputation and also protesting the conduct of the disputation and demanding that Weston show Ridley's written answers to the propositions disputed to the Upper House of Convocation. Weston refused to deliver the letter and also a letter of protest which Cranmer had written to the Privy Council over the Disputations (Ridley's letter - included as part of Ridley's account of the disputation - is printed in 1563, p. 977, but Cranmer's letter and Weston's refusal to deliver the letters are not in this edition (see 1570, p. 1633; 1576, pp. 1393-94; 1583, p. 1464).

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Weston received Mary at Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

He preached at Paul's Cross on 20 October 1553, exhorting his auditors to pray for souls in purgatory, denouncing the communion table as an oyster board and denouncing Cranmer's recent catechism (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

He attended the execution of Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, (according to Foxe) against the Duke's wishes. Also (according to Foxe) Weston was heckled by the crowd (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1397; 1583, pp. 1467-68).

He participated, together with Gilbert Bourne and Frances Mallet, in an effort to persuade Walter Mantell to recant (1570, p. 1639; 1576, p. 1398; 1583, p. 1468).

When Sir Thomas Wyatt at his execution cleared Elizabeth and the Earl of Devon of involvement in his rebellion, Weston declared that this contradicted what Wyatt had earlier told the Privy Council. Wyatt retorted that what he said now was true (1570, p. 1639; 1576, p. 1399; 1583, p. 1469).

A prayer Weston made for the safe delivery of a child by Queen Mary is printed in 1563, p. 1015 (Latin and English versions); 1570, p. 1653; 1576, p. 1410; 1583, pp. 1480-81 (English only).

Foxe calls Weston a man whom 'all good and godly men worthily despise' and prints Laurence Saunders' account of Weston's attempting to persuade Nicholas Grimald and Saunders to recant. 1563, pp. 1041-42; 1570, p. 1667; 1576, p. 1422; 1583, p. 1496.

Weston was reported by Hooper to have obtained a commission in May 1554 to establish a disputation, despite its illegality. 1570, p. 1687; 1576, p. 1440; 1583, p. 1513.

On 21 March 1555 Bradford talked with Dr Weston, after being told of Weston's intention to visit via the earl of Derby's servant (when master Collier, Warden of Manchester had come to dinner at the Counter). 1576, p.1536. Bradford and Westo spoke to each other in the presence of Master Collier, the earl of Derby's servant, the subdean of Westminster, the keeper (Master Clayden), and others. 1570, 1799-80, 1576, pp.1536-7, 1583, pp.1619-20.

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On 25 February, at about 5pm, Master Weston visited Bradford and asked to speak with him in private. When the two men were alone, Weston thanked Bradford for his writings to him and then produced the work that Bradford had sent him. It was entitled, 'Certayne reasons againste Transubstantiation gathered by John Bradforde, and geuen to Doctour weston and others'. 1563, p. 1212. They discussed transubstantiation. 1563, pp. 1211-12, 1570, pp. 1801-2. [In 1570 this meeting is dated as the afternoon of 28 March].

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On 25 February (1563) or 28 March (1570 onwards) Weston told John Bradford of Grimald's recantation. 1563, p. 1212, 1570, p. 1801, 1576, p. 1538., 1583, p. 1621.

Bradford's reasons against transubstantiation were given to Weston and others. 1563, pp. 1211-12, 1570, pp. 1800-1, 1576, pp. 1537-38, 1583, pp. 1620-21.

On 5 April, at 2pm, Weston went to visit Bradford in the Counter. Weston had not visited him earlier due to ill health and also because he had been busy withstanding monks from entering Westminster. He also thought that Pendleton would be coming to see him. Weston told Bradford that the pope was dead and that Weston had petitioned the queen and so thought that death would not come to Bradford soon. 1570, p. 1802, 1576, pp. 1538-39, 1583, pp. 1621-22.

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As Weston left Bradford on 5 April, he set for Master Weale. 1570, p. 1802, 1576, p. 1539, 1583, p. 1622.

After Weston left Bradford on 5 April, the keeper, Master Claydon, and Steven Bech came to Bradford and spoke unkindly to Bradford even though they had hitherto appeared to be friendly to him. 1570, p. 1802, 1576, pp. 1538-39, 1583, pp. 1621-22.

Weston was one of the audience at the re-examination of Ridley and Latimer and interjected a question. 1563, p. 1363; 1570, p. 1926, 1576, p. 1652, 1583, p. 1761.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

Cranmer was condemned by Weston and others of the university. He was committed to the mayors and sherriffs of Oxford. 1570, p. 2047, 1576, p. 1765, 1583, p. 1871.

Hugh Weston displeased Pole for being willing to give up his deanery.

Weston was caught committing adultery and appealed to Rome for clemency.

He died after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Richard Southwell

(1504 - 1564)

Master of the Ordinance; elder brother of Sir Robert Southwell. Courtier and official. (DNB)

Sir Richard Southwell was a signatory to a letter from the privy council to Bishop Bonner, dated 27 November 1554, informing him that Queen Mary was pregnant and ordering him to have prayers and Te Deums said throughout his diocese (1563, pp. 1014-15; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-75).

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Southwell was one of the examiners of John Rogers on 22 January 1555. 1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59; 1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86.

He was present at John Rogers' execution on 4 February 1555. 1570, p. 1664; 1576, p. 1420; 1583, p. 1493.

He was one of the commissioners who interrogated Robert Ferrar on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1732; 1570, pp. 1722-23; 1576, p. 1471; 1583, pp. 1553-54.

Richard Southwell was one of the privy councillors who signed a letter to Bishop Bonner, dated 28 April 1555, ordering the bishop to proceed posthumously against John Tooley in ecclesiastical court. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

Bradford was brought to speak to Bonner by the under-marshal of the King's Bench. Talk took place between the lord chancellor, Bonner and John Bradford on 22 January 1555, during which the bishop of Durham, Sir Richard Southwell, Sir Robert Rochester, and Secretary Bourne questioned Bradford's eucharistic doctrine. 1563, pp. 1185-88, 1570, pp. 1782-84, 1576, pp. 1522-23, 1583, pp. 1605-06.

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A declaration was made at Paul's Cross by William Chedsey at Bonner's commandment. He mentioned two letters, one from the queen and another from the privy council. The council letter was about procession and prayer at the agreement of peace between England and France. The signatories were: Francis Shrewsbury, Penbroke, Thomas Cheyny, William Peter, Thomas Wharton and Richard Southwell. Foxe suggests that he had seen the letter. 1563, p. 1217.

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He sent a letter to Bishop Bonner about William Andrew. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1878, 1576, p. 1608, 1583, pp. 1702-03.

Robert Farrer's examination took place before the bishops of Durham and Worcester, Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Richard Southwell and Gilbert Bourne. 1563, p. 1732, 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

After Wyatt's rebellion, Southwell went to see Elizabeth at Ashridge and found her to be unwell. 1563, p. 1711, 1570, p. 2288, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Rose

'M. Rose' was arrested, along with a congregation of 30 people for whom he was celebrating communion, in the churchyard of St Mary-le-Bow, on 1 January 1555 (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 1480; cf. 1563, p. 1020).

On 3 January 1554, Rose was brought before Stephen Gardiner, informally examined, and then sent to the Tower (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 1480).

Rose's secret conventicle was discussed in Parliament in 1555. They had prayed that God turn Mary's heart from idolatry or shorten her days. Parliament decreed that certain 'evill prayers' would be treason (1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, pp. 1481-82).

A letter was sent to Hooper describing the arrest of Rose and his congregation; the letter is dated 3 January 1555 (1563, p. 1020).

Hooper wrote an answer to this letter (1563, p. 1020; LM, p. 120; 1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, p. 1482).

Hooper also sent a letter of encouragement to the members of Rose's congregation imprisoned in the Counter in Bread Street (1563, pp. 1021-22; , pp. 121-23; 1570, pp. 1654-55; 1576, pp. 1411-12; 1583, pp. 1482-83).

1504 [1480]

Q. Mary. A broyle betwene the Spaniards and English men Order taken in the Parliament for Q Maryes childe.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Ianuary.vpon their fine payed, which was ccxx.li. a piece, and the other foure put vp a Supplication, therein declaring, that their goods did not amount to the summe that they were appointed to pay, and so vpon that declaration paying lx. li. a piece, MarginaliaThe Quest men of M. Throgmorton put to theyr fine, & deliuered. December 22.they were deliuered out of prison vpon S. Thomas day before Christmas, beyng the xxi. of December.

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Vpon the Saterday followyng, beyng the xxij. of December, all the whole Parliament had strait commaundement, that none of them should depart into their countrey this Christmas, nor before the Parliament were ended. Which commandement was wonderful contrary to their expectations. For as well many of the Lords, as also many of the inferior sort had sent for their horse, and had them brought hither.

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Vpon the Friday following, being MarginaliaDecember. 28.the 28. of December, and Childermas day, the Prince of Piedmont came to the court at Westminster.

Anno. 1555.

 

Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter

The glosses help to hammer home the point that Providence cheated the ungodly of their wish for a child for Mary, on occasion in quite harsh, mocking terms. The glosses also seek to reverse the charge of heresy. There is a marked stridency in the tone, demonstrating Foxe's sensitivity to the charge of heresy being levelled at protestants. There is a reference only to be found in 1570 and an example of the 1583 compositors being more alert in detecting a mistake than they appear usually to have been.

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MarginaliaIanuary. MarginaliaM. Rose. with 30. persons taken at a Communiō in Bow Churchyard. Ianuary. 3.Vpon Newyeares day at night folowing, 
Commentary  *  Close
Block 36: From the arrest of Rose to Hooper's letter

In the 1570 edition Foxe continues with an account of the arrest of the Bow Church congregation on 1 January 1555 (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 1480). This account also probably came from Foxe's lost chronicle source(s) and it replaced an account of the same event in the 1563 edition, on p. 1020. The reason for this replacement probably was that it was simpler for Foxe, in 1570, to print the new version along with other material, which preceded and followed it, from the same source.

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In any case, the 1570 narrative, based on these chronicle source(s), continued through parliament passing a new act of supremacy and a tumult between the English and the Spanish at Westminster (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 1480.

certain honest men and women of the Citie, to the number of xxx. & a minister with them named M. Rose, were taken as they were in a house in Bow Churchyard at the Communion, and the same night they were al committed to prison. And on the Thursday following, being the 3. day of Ianuary, M. Rose was before the B. of Winchester beyng L. Chancellor, and from thence the same day he was committed to the Tower, after certaine communication had betweene the Bishop and him.  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 579, bottom

This seizure is alluded to infrà, vol. vii. p. 342, where Elizabeth Warne is stated to have been one seized on this occasion.

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MarginaliaThe acte of supremacy passed in the Parlament.The same day the Act of the supremacie past in the parlament. Also the same day at night was a great tumult betwene Spaniards & English men at Westminster, wherof was like to haue ensued great mischief through a Spanish Frier, which got into the Church and rong Alarum. MarginaliaA styrre betweene the Spanyardes and English men at Westminster.The occasion was about two whores which were in the cloister of Westminster with a sort of Spaniards, whereof whilest some playd the knaues with them, other some dyd keepe the entry of the Cloister with Dags in harneis. In the meane tyme certaine of the Deanes men came into the cloister, and the Spaniards discharged their dags at them and hurt some of them. By and by the noyse of this doyng came into the streetes, so that the whole towne was vp almost, but neuer a stroke was striken. Notwithstandyng, the noise of this doyng with the Deanes men, and also the ringing of the Alarum made much ado, and a great number also to be sore afrayd.

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Ye heard a little before the Councels letter sent to B. Boner, signifiyng the good newes of Queene Mary to be not onely conceyued, but also quicke with childe, which was in the moneth of Nouember, the xxviij. day. Of this child great talke began at this tyme to ryse in euery mans mouth, with busy preparation, and much ado, especially amongst such as semed in England to cary Spanish hartes in English bodies. In number of whom here is not to be forgotten, nor defrauded of his condigne commendatiō for his woorthy affection toward his Prince and her issue, one sir Rich. Southwel, who being the same tyme in the parlament house when as the Lordes were occupied in other affaires & matters of importance, sodainly starting vp, for fulnes of ioy, brast out in these words folowing: MarginaliaThe wordes of Sir Rich. Southwell in the Parliament house for his yong master.Tush my Maisters (quoth he) what talke ye of these matters? I would haue you take some order for our yong maister that is now comming into the world apace, lest he find vs vnprouided, &c. 

Commentary  *  Close

Southwell's exclamation in parliament over the expected birth of Mary's child (1570, p. 1652; 1576, pp. 1409-10; 1583, p. 1480; this probably came from an oral source.

By the which words both of him, and also by the foresaid letters of the counsaile, and the common talke abroad, it may appeare what an assured opinion was thē conceiued in mens heds of Queene Mary, to be conceiued and quicke with child. 
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Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 580, middle

The queen was actually reported in May following to be delivered of a prince.

In so much that at the same tyme, and in the same Parliament: there was eftsoones a bill exhibited, and an Act made vpon the same, the words wherof for the more euidence, I thought here to exemplificate, as vnder followeth.  
Commentary  *  Close

The lengthy extract from 1 and 2 Philip and Mary, cap. 10 (printed in 1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1410; 1583, p. 1480) is the fruit of Foxe's delving into the parliament rolls. Foxe's comments following the act, thanking God that the Spanish had not become heirs to the throne (1570, p. 1653; 1576, p. 1410; 1583, p. 1480) help confirm that the Latin verses Foxe printed against the marriage of Philip and Mary were designed to influence Elizabeth against a foreign marriage.

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¶ The wordes of the Acte.

MarginaliaEx stat. an. 1. & 2. Phil. & Mar. cap. 10. ALbeit we the Lordes spirituall and temporal, & the commons in this present parliament assembled, haue firme hope & confidence in the goodnes of almighty God, that like as he hath hitherto miraculously preserued the Queenes maiesty from many gteat imminent perils and daungers: euen so he will of his infinite goodnes, geue her highnes strength, the rather by our continuall prayers to passe well the danger of deliuerance of chylde, wherwith it hath pleased him (to al our great comforts) to blesse her: MarginaliaThe iudgement of the parliament deceaued in Gods blessing. Yet forasmuch as all things of this world be vncertaine, and hauing before our eyes the dolorous experience of this inconstant gouernment during the tyme of the raigne of the late king Edward the 6. do plainly see the manifold inconueniences, great

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dangers and perils that may ensue to this whole realme, if foresight be not vsed to preuent all euill chances if they should happen: For the eschewyng hereof, we the Lordes spirituall & temporall, and the commons in this present Parliament assembled, for and in consideration of a most speciall trust and confidence, thot we haue and repose in the kings maiesty, for and cōcerning the politike gouernment, order, and administration of this realm in the tyme of the yong yeres of the issue or issues of her maiesties body to bee borne, MarginaliaOrder taken by Parliament for Q. Maries child. if it should please God to call the Queenes highnes out of this present lyfe, during the tender yeares of such issue or issues (which God forbid) according to such order and maner, as hereafter in this present Acte his highnes most gracious pleasure is, should be declared and set forth, haue made our humble sute by the assent of the Queenes highnes that his maiestie would vouchsafe to accept and take vppon hym the rule, order, education, and gouernment of the sayd issue or issues to bee borne, as is aforesayd, vpon which our sute beyng of his said maiestie most graciously accepted, it hath pleased his highnesse not onely to declare, that like as for the most part his maiesty verely trusteth that almighty God (who hath hitherto preserued the Queenes maiesty) to geue this realme so good an hope of certayne succession in the bloud royall of the same realme, will assist her highnes with his graces and benedictions, to see the fruite of her body well brought forrh, MarginaliaTrust disapoynted. lyue and able to goucrne (whereof neither all this realme, ne all the world besides, should or coulde receiue more comfort then his maiesty should and would) yet if such chaunce should happen, hys maiesty at our humble desires is pleased and contented, not onely to accept and take vpō him the cure and charge of the education, rule, order, and gouernmēt of such issues as of this most happy Mariage, shall be borne betweene the Queenes highnes and him: but also during the time of such gouernment, would by all wayes and meanes, study, trauaile, and employ hymselfe to aduance the weale both publike & priuate, of this realme and dominions thereunto belonging, according to the sayd trust in his maiestye reposed, with no lesse good will and affection, then if his highnesse had bene naturally borne amongst vs. In consideration whereof, be it enacted by the King and the Quenes most excellent maiesties, by the assent of the Lordes spirituall and temporall, and the commons in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authoritie of the same, &c. as it is to be seene in the Acte more at large ratified and confirmed at the same Parliament, to the same entent and purpose.

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¶ Thus much out of the Acte and statute I thought to rehearse, to the entent the Reader may vnderstand, not so much how Parliaments may sometimes be deceiued (as by this childe of Queene Mary may appeare) as rather what cause we Englishmen haue to render most earnest thanks vnto almighty god, who so mercifully against the opinion, expectatiō, and working of our aduersaries, hath helped & deliuered vs in this case, which otherwise might haue opened such a window to the Spaniardes to haue entred and replenished this land, that peraduēture by this tyme Englishmen should haue enioyed no great quiet in their owne countrey: the Lord therefore make vs perpetually myndfull of his benefits, Amen.

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Thus we see then, how man doth purpose, but God disposeth as pleaseth him. For all this great labour, prouision, and order taken in the Parliament house for their yōg maister long looked for, commyng so surely into the world in the end appeared neither yong maister, nor young maistresse, that any man yet to this day can heare of.

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Furthermore, as the labour of the lay sort was herein deluded: MarginaliaThe Prayers of the Papistes of what litle effect they are with God.so no lesse ridiculous it was to behold what litle effect the prayers of the Popes Churchmen had wyth almighty God, who trauailed no lesse with their processions Masses, and Collects, for the happy deliueraunce of thys yong maister to come, as here followeth to be seene.  

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe makes the reason he printed the prayers quite clear: to show 'what litle effect the prayers of the Popes Churchmen had wyth almighty God' (1570, p. 1653; 1576, p. 1410; 1583, p. 1480).

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¶ A prayer made by D. Weston Deane of Westminster, daily to be sayd for the Queenes deliueraunce. 
Commentary  *  Close

Three prayers made for the safe delivery of Mary's child were moved from where they had been printed in 1563 to bring them into the correct chronological position within the narrative. Foxe also deleted the Latin original of the first of these prayers, that made by Hugh Weston, which had been printed in the 1563 edition, from subsequent editions. Weston's prayer (1563, p. 1015; 1570, p. 1653; 1576, p. 1410; 1583, pp. 1480-81) was a printed text circulated by the government; Foxe declared (only in 1563) that it was 'Imprinted by Iohn Cawode'.

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MarginaliaA prayer for Queene Mary and her childe, turned out of Latin into Englishe.  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 582, fn 1

The prayer in Latin, with the following inscription, is given in the First Edition of the Acts and Monuments, p. 1015. A Prayer made by Doctor Weston, Dean of Westminster; and delivered to the Children of the Queen's Majesty's Grammar-school there; and said by them daily, Morning and Evening, for her Majesty. - "Juste Domine Deus, qui, propter primæ mulieris piaculum, communem omnibus fœminis severam et inevitabilem maledictionem denunciasti et imposuisti: - nempe ut in peccatis conciperent, et, gravidæ, multis et magnis cruciatibus subjacerent, et, tandem, cum vitæ periculo parerent: - quæsumus, pro tuâ immensâ bonitate proque inexhaustâ misericordiâ, hujus legis edictum mitiga. Quiescat, paululum, ira tua, et reginam nostram Mariam, jam partum enitentem, tuæ gratiæ sinu fove. Adjuva eam ut, sine periculo vitæ, dolorem superare; prolem corpore elegantem, animo nobilem, justo tempore valeat parere: quò pòst, angustiæ oblita, cum gaudio miserationis tuæ gratiam celebret, teque tuumque nomen nobiscum benedicat in secula seculorum! Oramus, obsecramus, obtestamur, Audi Domine et exaudi, ne dicant fidei et ecclesiæ tuæ hostes, 'Ubi est Deus eorum?'" - ED.

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O Most righteous Lord God, which for the offence of the first woman, hast threatened vnto all women a common, sharpe, and ineuitable malediction, and hast enioyned them that they should conceiue in sinne, and beyng conceiued, should be subiect to many and grieuous tormentes, and finally be deliuered with the danger and ieopardy of their lyfe: We beseech thee, for thine exceeding great goodnes and bottomlesse mercy, to mittigate the straightnes of that law. Asswage thine anger for a while and cherish in the bosome of thy fauour and mercye, our most gracious Queene Mary, beyng now at the poynt of her deliuerance. So helpe her, that without danger of her lyfe, she may ouercome the sorow, and in due season bring forth a chyld, in body beautifull and comely, in mynd noble and valiant. So that afterward she forgetting the trouble, may with ioy, laude & prayse

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the
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