Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1981 [1957]

Queene Mary. Visitation in Cambridge. Oration of M. Stokes.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Ianuary.These menne were dead a good while before Paulus Phagius had scarce yet shewed the proofe of his wit and learning, when he departed to God. 1549. Bucer lyued but a little after. MarginaliaCommendation of Martin Bucer.During which time somewhat by wryting, but chiefly by reading and preaching openly (wherein the old man being painfull in the woorde of God, neuer spared him selfe nor regarded his health) hee broughte all men into such admiration of him, that neyther his frends could sufficiently praise him, neither his ennemies in anye poynt finde fault with his singular life & sincere doctrine. A most certaine token wherof may be his sumptuous buriall, solempnised with so great assistence and gladnesse of all the degrees of the Vniuersitie, that it was not possible to deuise more to the settinge oute and amplifyinge of the same. The whole maner and order of the doyng whereof, beyng wrytten by M. Nicholas Carre, 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 262, fn 1

See "Hist. Vera," etc. His letter is dated from Trinity college, Cambridge, Mar. 15, 1551. - ED.

a learned man in a little treatise to Syr Iohn Cheeke Knight, wyth an Epistle full of consolation as concerning his departure added thereunto, was sent afterwarde vnto Peter Martyr, then abiding at Oxford.

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From the burial of Bucer and Phagius, vnto the cōming of these visitours were passed aboute 3. or 4. yeares more or lesse. And from the time that that blessed Kynge Edward the vj. deceased, vnto that day, the Priests neuer ceased to celebrate theyr Masses, and other kinde of Ceremonies in those places, and that without scruple of conscience, as farre as men could perceiue. But after the time that these Commissioners came thether, those things that before were accompted for sacred and holy, beganne to be denounced for prophane and vnholy. For they commanded that al those assemblies that should hereafter be made for the executing of holy Ceremonies, should be remoued to the kings Chappell, which is a place farre more stately then all the other.

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MarginaliaIanuary. 11.Now was come the 11. day, in the which the Vicechācellor of the Vniuersitie, with the maisters and presidents of the Colledges, and all the other Graduates of euerye house, were commanded to appeare before the said Commissioners in their habites. It was commanded that the scholers also should come in theyr surplises, 

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Foxe added this description of the scholars refusing to wear their surplices in the 1570 edition; it must have been drawn from official records of the visitation. It served to discredit the vestments, including the surplice, which Foxe and other Elizabethan ministers refused to wear.

but that was not done. They assembled in great nūber to Trinitie colledge: hauinge the Vniuersitie crosse borne before them, & in the gatehouse a forme was sette and couered, with cusshings and carpet on the ground for the visitours. Where the Vicechancellor hauing on a Tishewe cope, sprinkeled holy water on them, and purposed to sence them, but they refused it there, which notwithstanding afterwarde in the Queenes Colledge and elswhere they refused not.

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There M. Iohn Stokes common Orator of the vniuersitie, made an Oration in the name of all the rest. The Copie whereof I thought good heere to exemplificate, in Latin as it was pronounced.

Maister Stokes Oration to Queene Maryes Visitors at Cambridge, An. 1557. Ian 11. 
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This oration is given in the Historia vera and Golding's translation of it (A briefe treatise, fos. 188r-122v). Interestingly, Foxe only paraphrased this oration in the 1563 edition. The version of the oration which Foxe printed in 1570 differs slightly from the earlier versions and was probably drawn from official records of the visitation.

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MarginaliaThe Oration of Maister Stokes publike Orator of the Vniuersitye.ACademia, Reuerendi Patres, in expectatione aduentus vestri sollicita aliquandiu fuit, nunc præsentia dominationum vestrarum valde recreata libentissime vultus vestros intuetur, & ad apertam voluntatis suæ testificationem, ecce vniuersa se suasque opes effudit. Conuenit in hunc locum tota Cantabrigiæ frequentia, adsunt omnes ordines, de quorum certa mihi & explorata ad hanc rem voluntate, illud publica fide apud dominationes vestras affirmo, eos & separatim singulos, & coniunctim omnes optatissimum hunc aduentum mirificis studijs, & consentientibus animis gratulari. Illud enim omnium animis habemus persuasum, & negotium hoc quod hodierno die, fauente Deo, excellentia vestra auspicatur, ad academiæ rationes fore accommodum, neque in re, ad communem salutem tam necessaria, operam aliquando vestram nobis defuturam. Permulta sunt ad hanc opinionem confirmandam, sed cætera non persequor: ea tantum oratione attingam, quæ ita intimè cum præsenti negotio cohærent, vt diuelli ab eo disiungique nulla ratione possint. Atque sunt illa quidem numero certa & finita: verum re & virtute, ita immensa, vt nulla dicendi facultate mea plene comprehendi possent: ʠuoniam tamen & antea sum professus summam esse academiæ lætitiam, eamque iustis de causis in aduentu vestro susceptam, quæso à vobis, vt dum eas breuiter recenseo faciles mihi aures præbeatis.

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Reuerendiss. in Christo Pater MarginaliaCardinal Polus.Cardinalis Polus, Legatus, qui religionem oppressam restituit, patriæ ruinas suffulsit, leges & decreat quasi postliminio reduxit,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 263, line 31

There may be an allusion here to the cardinal's projected "Reform of England," the Decrees of which have been translated into English by Mr. Chancellor Raikes (Chester, 1839) ... The Decrees are dated from Lambeth, 10th of February, 1556, and were reprinted at Dilingen with other treatises of the Cardinal, in 1562. They are included likewise in Le Plat's "Monumentorum ad Historiam Conc. Trid. illustrandam Collectio," tom. iv. pp. 570-599; and in Cardwell's Doc. An. i. 176.

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iste inquàm, iste Polus Anglus, & verè noster Moyses, legationis vestræ autor est, à cuius excellenti virtute in omnes suæ patriæ partes plurima commoda dimanarunt. Quo vinculo necessitudinis, & si omnibus temporibus optima ab illo sperare liceret, quòd ex corpore simus ipsius reipublicæ, arctior est tamen & interior causa, quæ nobis

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cum dominatione illius separatim intercedit. Superiore anno academiæ procurationem in se humanissimè recepit, quam liberari custodia ita cœptam tenere se velle, literis signifcauit, vt non solum incommoda dimoueret, quibus studia nostra affligerentur, sed vt ornamenta adijceret ea, quorum splendore augeri dignitas academiæ aut maximè illustrari posset. Quæ res & spem antea nostram confirmauit, & nunc in eam cogitationem nos adducit, vt omnem illius humanitatem in hanc vnam visitationem esse collectam putemus, in qua quidem ea a vobis expectamus omnia, quæ summi cancellarij nostri insignis amor præter communem charitatem academiæ, quasi pupillæ suæ propriæ pollicetur. Atque vtinam quidem ipse sine reipublicæ detrimēto, hoc tempore adesse posset, & academiam suam è tenebris & profunda nocte emersam, ipse suis radijs veræ religionis splendore illustraret, verum optioni nostræ publica vtilitas repugnat, qua valde impeditus sanctissimæ sedis Apostolicæ legatus, vos Vicarios substituit: quorum naturas propter prouidentiam, personas propter dignitatem, voluntates propter educationem aptissimas ad hanc rem esse iudicauit. Itaque illud verè & ex animis istorum omnium affirmare possum, vos eos esse viros quorum religionem amamus, virtutem colimus, voluntatem, fidem, & consilium ad publicam salutem impendimus. Postquàm enim singulari & præstantissima virtute Cardinalis Poli, legati è superiorum temporum caligine, & tenebris, lucem in republica respicere cœpimus, vna certè grauissima etiam superioris ætatis mala sensimus, quibus profecto infinitis & miserrimis etsi antea premeremur, tamen ad calamitatis nostræ magnitudinem accessit eiusdem ignoratio, vt (mea quidem opinione) eo simus magis miserabiles iudicandi, quòd tam turbulenta tempestate iactati ne moueri quidem nos, tam graui & periculoso hæresis morbo oppressi, aut ægrotare mentes nostras, non intelleximus. Valde enim periculosa est ægrotatio illa, quæcunque sine doloris sensu naturam conficit, & affectos sæpe priùs extinguit, quàm ægrotare se fateantur. Eiusmodi morbo Academia laborabat. quæ ad alias fortasse res satis ingeniosa & solers, in hac Religionis causa, propter caput Ecclesiæ læsum, vnde omnis sentiendi vis est, omnino hebes, stupida, & sine mente fuit, quoad tertio ante hunc anno diuina sanctissimi patris Iulij Clementia Angliæ ferè emortuæ miserata, iterum nos Ecclesiæ inserit, corpus sensusque recreat, cuius ope conualescens Britannia, quam certa gehennæ pericula effugerit, quiuis facile intelligit. Idem Academia cernit acutius, neʠ quicquàm mali vspiam accidisse putat, quo nostra Regio in hac religionis vastitate & schismate miserius fuerit afflicta. Non est opus recensere in hoc loco euersa Monasteria, spoliata Templa, strages sacerdotum, cædes nobilium, motus & tumultus populi, totius Regni egestatem, quæ & si aliunde accidere possunt, tamen cum tam grauia sint vt opprimant, vltionis & vindictæ potius quam probandi causa in malos & nocentes infligi putamus. Sed sunt ista fortunæ ludibria, grauiora sumus passi religionis & conscientiæ detrimenta: pietas in Deum omnis euanuerat, virginalis sacerdotum professio ad libidinem soluta est, animus quasi consopitus iacebat, quem nullæ Ceremoniæ excitabant, ipsa mens opinionum varietate ita distracta, ita sibi ipsi dissentiens, vt infinitis erroribus implicaretur. In his erant duo præcipue fontes, ex quorum riuulis & hausisse Academiam paulo liberalius, & illa potione ferme inebriatam confitemur.

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Prior ortum habebat ex illa nostri violenta diuulsione, à catholicæ Ecclesiæ vnitate, re non dissimili illius pugnæ, quam olim Menenius Agrippa in intestina ciuium discordia, de corpore humano memorabat. Posterior ex immensa palude & cœno Wicleuiano emanauit: quem celebris apud nos imo miserabilis de Sacramento altaris patefecit. De cuius rei veritate plerique suo sensu abundantes, pro arbitrio quisque suo statuerat. Nos Philosophos, nec illos quidem optimos, imitati ex Epicureorū schola ad scripturæ lumen aliquid attulimus, quòd enim Christus omnino, præcise, & sine exceptione, de vera & perpetua sui corporis præsentia affirmarat (in cuius verbi veritate fundamentum fidei nostræ collocatur) id nos ita sumus interpretati, vt mācam & alienam Christi vocem iudicaremns, nisi illa Epicuri propria particula (quasi)  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 264, middle

In Cicero's treatise "De Natura Deorum" (lib. i. ¶ 18) it is argued by the Stoic, that the form or shape which Deity would assume would be the human, accompanied however with merely a quasi body, and quasi blood. But in ¶ 26 it is remarked in refutation of the notion: "Mirabile videtur quod non rideat haruspex, cum haruspicem viderit: hoc mirabilius, quod vos inter vos risum tenere possitis; non est corpus, sed quasi corpus: hoc intelligerem quale esset, si id in ceris fingeretur aut fictilibus figuris: in deo quid sit quasi corpus, aut quasi sanguis, intelligere non possum; ne tu quidem, Vellei; sed non vis fateri. Ista enim a vobis quasi dictata redduntur, quæ Epicurus oscitans hallucinatus est," &c.

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adderetur, & quod Christiani corpus & sanguinem, id nos quasi corpus & sanguinem diceremus. Sed non est istius temporis præterita nimium meminisse, quæ vtinam eterna obliuione obrui possent, neque vlla tantæ labis memoria ad posteros nostros propagetur, tamen fuerunt attingenda generatim quidem, quòd erranti confessio salutaris sit, membratim verò, quod Academia his vulneribus á Censoria potestate confecta, à Censoria medicina ad salutem reduci postulat. Ipsa vero pro se & suis spondet omnes in authoritate vestra futuros, quos assiduis concionibus adeo ad pœnitentiam edocuit, vt & eos ad fanam religionem fidissime transijsse, & in eadem diligenti præsentis vitæ vsu superioris ætatis damna sarcituros putetis. Nam qui primi in hoc cursu sunt acerrime contendunt in eo, quod tam voluntarie susceperunt & qui pigrius egressi, quasi pomeridianis horis ad hoc certamen accesserunt, ea certè præbent iam immutatæ voluntatis indicia, vt quomodo temerè & iuueniliter à sana religione defecerunt, ita non nisi maturi &

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