Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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1983 [1959]

Queene Mary. Visitation in Cambridge. Processe against M. Bucer, and Paulus Phagius.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. the vttermoste gate of theyr house towarde the towne. The maister him selfe to be dressed in like apparell as the Priest when hee rauisheth himselfe to Masse, sauing that he should putte on vppermoste his habite, as the rest dyd.  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 267, lines 13, 14

"Ipsum præfectum ornari illo habitu, quo vestiuntur qui missam celebrant, nisi quod superius capam indueret, ut reliqui." (Lat. fol. 125.) "Ravesheth," or "ravisheth," is the reading of all the editions, and must be the same word as "reveschyd," clothed, in the following citation:-
"The byschop reveschyd hym in holynes,
And so went to the autere."
(MS. Trin. Coll. Camb. quoted in Halliwell, where more.) The Latin account has (fol. 125, verso) "ornari illo habitu, quo vestiuntur."

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The order of theyr goynge they appoynted to be in thys wise. MarginaliaNote the ambitious pompe of these Papistes.The Maister of the House to goe formost. Next vnto him euery man in hys order as he was of degree, seigniority, or of yeres. Before the M. should be caried a crosse & holy water to sprinckle the Commissioners withal, and then after that the sayd Commissioners to be sensed. And so after this meeting, and mumbling of a few deuotions, they determined with this pompe and solempnitie to bee brought to the Chappell.

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Many thought they tooke more honor vpon them than belonged to the state of man. Other some (forasmuche as at that time they not only pretended the iurisdiction of the Cardinall, but also MarginaliaThe Commissioners represent the Pope.represented the power and authoritye of the Bishop of Rome himselfe, who was accoumpted to be more than a mortall man) sayde it was farre lesse then of duety appertained to hys holinesse, in that the honoure that was done to his Legates, was not done to them but to his holinesse. Now was the houre come, at which they appoynted to meete: and being entred the kings colledge gate, where they looked for the maister and fellowes of the house, MarginaliaHere was a foule fault committed, that these men came in without Procession.seeing no man came to meete them, they proceeded foorth to the Church doore, where they staied. There perceiuing how the maister and the rest of þe house were dressing themselues as fast as they coulde, as in such order as was appoynted before, they came in sodenly vppon them,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 267, line 34

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'order to 'gear' in the text.} "Ibi cum Præpositum et cæteros sese quantum possent cernerent ornantes eo modo quo ab illis antea diximus fuisse præscriptum, superveniunt, cum adhuc illi loco non movissent" (fol. 126). On the authority of the foregoing, Foxe's text has been improved.

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before they had set out any foote out of theyr places.

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MarginaliaD. Brassey excuseth himselfe for the slacknes of his Processiō.Then the maister first excused himselfe, that hee was ready no sooner, acknowledging that it had bene his duety to haue bene in a readinesse. Secondly, he saide he was very glad of their comming, promising firste in hys owne name, and after in the name of all the rest, as muche reuerence as mighte be, in all matters concerning theyr common vtilitie, the which he doubted not, but should be performed at their hands, according to his expectation. But like as he had don the other day in S. Maries church, MarginaliaM. Brassey maketh exception agayne.the same exception he made to them nowe also: the whych his doing he besoughte them not to be offended withall. For seeing he did it onely for the discharge of his duetie, he had iuster cause to be helde excused.

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Hee had scarsly yet finished his tale, but the Bishop of Chester with a frowning looke and an angry countenāce, interrupting him of his talke, said: MarginaliaDoctour Scots aunswere to M. Brassey.he needed to to repeat the things hee had protested before, nor they to make aunswer any more to those things wherin they had sufficiently enformed him before. He rather feared that their quarel was not good, that they made such a doe about it, & sought such starting holes. For so were diseased persones oftentimes woont to do, when for the paine and griefe they are not able to abide a strong medicine. MarginaliaThe Popes authoritye swalloweth vp al other priuileges.As thoughe that anye man were able to graunte so strong a priuiledge, as to wtstand the Popes authoritye. As for the bishops letters, he sayd must nedes make on his side, and with such as were with him, & could not in any wise be alleged against him.. Therefore he admonished him to desist from his vnprofitable altercation, and to conforme himselfe and his to such things as then were in doing.

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After thys they went to Masse. Whych finished, wyth great solemnitie, first they went to the high aultare of the churche, & MarginaliaThe Legates saluting first their God.hauing there saluted theyr God, and searching whether all were well about him or no, they walked thorow all the inner chappels of the Churche. The Church goodes, the crosses, the chalices, the masse bookes, the vestments, and whatsoeuer ornamentes were besides, were commaunded to be brought out vnto them. Whē they had sufficiently viewed all things, & had called foorth by name euery fellow and scholler of the house, they went to þe masters lodging, where first and formost swearing them vpon a booke to answer to all such interrogatories as should be propounded vnto them (as farre as they knewe) they examined first the master himself, and afterward al the residue, euery man in his tourne. MarginaliaThe othe refused of some in the kinges Colledge, and why.But there were some that refused to take this oth, because they had geuen their faith to the Colledge before, and also because they thought it against all righte and reason to sweare against themselues: for it was contrary to all law that a man should be compelled to bewraye himselfe, and not to be suffred to keepe his conscience free, when there is no manifest proofe to be laid to his charge: but muche more vniust is it, that a man shoulde be constrained perforce to accuse himselfe. Neuertheles these persons also, after much altercation, at length (conditionally, that their faithe geuen before to the Colledge, wer not impeched therby) wer cōtēted to be sworn.

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Three daies long lasted the Inquisition there. Thys was nowe the 3. day of their comming, & it was thought

that the case of Bucer and Phagius was delayed longer then neded. For they looked to haue had much altercation and businesse about the matter. MarginaliaThe consultation of the Maisters vpon the taking vp of M. Bucer.Nowe, forasmuche as the present state of the case required good deliberation and aduisement, the Vicechauncelor and the maisters of the colledges assembled at the common schooles, wher euery mā gaue his verdit what he thought meete to be done in this matter of Bucer. After muche debating, they agreed altogether in this determination: that for asmuch as Martin Bucer whiles he liued, had not onely sowed pernicious & erroneous doctrine among them, but also hadde hym selfe bene a sectarie and famous hereticke, erring from the Catholicke churche, and geuing others occasion to fall from the same likewise: a supplication should be made to þe lord Commissioners, in the name of the whole vniuersity, that his deade carkas might foorthwith be digged vp (for so it was needefull to be done) to the intente that MarginaliaInquisition to be made of M. Bucers doctrine.Inquisition might be made as touching his doctrine, the which beyng brought in examination, if it were not foūd to be good and wholesome, þe law might proceede against him: MarginaliaMartin Bucers buriall agaynst the holy Canon lawes.for it was against the rule of the holy Canons, that his body should be buried in christen buriall. Yea, and besides that it was to the open derogation of Gods honor, and the violating of his holy lawes, with the great pearill of many mennes soules, and the offence of the faithfull, especially 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 269, fn 1

"In especially." Ed. 1563, p. 1541. - ED.

in so difficulte and contagions a time as that was. MarginaliaCauses why Mart. Bucer and Paulus Phagius bodyes ought to be taken vp.Wherefore it was not to be suffered, that they, which vtterlye dissented from all other men in the trade of their liuing, lawes, and customes, should haue any parte with them in honoure of buriall. And therefore the glory of God first and before all things ought to be defended, the infamye (which through this thing riseth on them) with all speede putte awaye, no roume at all left vnto those persones to rest in, who euen in the same places where they lay, were iniurious & noysome to the very elements, but the place ought to be purged, and all things so ordered as might be to the satisfying of the consciences of the weake. In executing whereof, so notable an example ought to be geuen to all men, that no man heereafter should be so bolde to attempt the like.

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They gaue the same verdicte by common assent vpon Phagius also. Vnto thys wryting they annexed an other by the which MarginaliaAndrew Perne Vicechauncellour, made factor for the Vniuersitye in the case of M. Bucer & Phagius M. Christophersons testimony of Perne.they lawfullye authorised Andrewe Perne the Vicechauncellour, to be the common factoure for the Vniuersitie. He was a man meetest for the purpose, bothe for the office that he bare, and also because that by the testimony of Chrystopherson hee was deemed to be the moste Catholicke of all others. 

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This hostile description of Andrew Perne comes from the Historia vera andfrom Golding's Briefe treatise (sig. D4r); Foxe was merely repeating it. However, it is interesting that while Foxe concealed the identities of other prominent peopleinvolved in the exhumation of Bucer and Phagius's bodies, he made few attempts to protect Perne's reputation. One reason for this may have been Perne's continuing and barely disquised loyalty to catholicism. It also true that Edmund Grindal - and possibly Foxe himself - bitterly resented Perne's role in the posthumous degradation of Bucer. (See Patrick Collinson, 'Perne the Turncoat: An Elizabethan Reputation' in Elizabethan Essays [London: 1994], pp. 190-91).

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This supplication confirmed by the consent of all the Degrees of the Vniuersitie, and signed with theyr common seale, the nexte daye, whiche was the 13. of Ianuarie, the Vicechauncelour putte vppe to the Commissioners. MarginaliaA Supplication putte vp to the Inquisitors by the Vniuersitye. Note here good reader, what a feat conueiance  
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 269, line 28

It might be translated into modern English by "a pretty device."

this was, to suborne the Vniuersitie vnder a colourable pretence to desire this thinge of them by waye of peticion. As who should say, if they had not done so, the other would neuer haue gone about it of themselues. 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 269, line 29

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'to suborne the Vniuersitie' to 'to suborn this man' and 'if they had not done so, the other' to 'if he had not done so, they' in the text.} The editions after 1563 read, "to suborn the University," and "if they had not done so, the other," &c.

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MarginaliaNote this feate of cōueyance.But thys glose was soone found out. For the Cōmissioners had geuē the Vicechancellor instructions in wryting before. But peraduēture they thought by this means to remooue the enuie of this acte from themselues.


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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page, 269, line 17 from the bottom

{Cattley/Pratt omits 'thus' from the text}. The editions after 1563 needlessly say, "Thus the vice-chancellor," &c.

the Vicechauncelour came vnto the Commissioners according to appoyntment made the daye before, about seuen of the clocke in the morning. Hee hadde scarse declared the cause of his comming, but that he hadde not only obtained his sute, but also euen at the very same time receiued the sentence of condemnation,  
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 269, line 13 from the bottom

{Cattley/Pratt inserts 'and' into the text at this point.} "And" is put in before "for taking up," agreeably to the Latin, and to complete the sentence.

for taking vppe Bucer and Phagius, MarginaliaThe Sentence of condemnation agaynst Martin Bucer. and Paulus Phagius, copyed out by the Datarye.faire copied out by Ormanet Datarie himselfe. This was to be confirmed by the consente of the degrees of the Vniuersitie. Whereuppon a solempne Conuocation called congregatio regentium & non regentium 
Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

congregatio regentium & non regentium

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

a gathering of rulers and non rulers

for the same purpose was appoynted to be at ix. of the clocke: where the graduates being assembled together, the demaunde was propounded concerning the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius, MarginaliaGrace asked in the congregatiō for the taking vp of Martin Bucer.and the grace asked, whyche was thys: Pleaseth it you that M. Bucer for the heresyes nowe recited, and many other by hym wrytten, preached, and taughte, wherein he dyed without repentaunce, and was buried in Christen buriall, may be exhumate and taken vp againe. &c. After this grace eftsoones being graunted, then was the Sentence of condemnation drawen by the Datarie, openlye redde, and immediatelye an other grace asked, that the same myghte bee Signed wyth the Common Seale. The whyche request was verye lightlye and easilye obtayned. And it was no meruaile.

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For nowe after the deathe of Kinge Edwarde, since the time that the gouernement of the Realme came to the hande of Queene Marye, all suche personnes being dryuen awaye as hadde reiected the Romishe Religion (in whom wel nie alone rested whatsoeuer wit and learning

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