Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Edward Raven

(d. 1558)

MA (1549), Fellow of St John's, Cambridge (1551), licensed to practice medicine (1557). (Venn)

Raven was one of those gathered together by the vice-chancellor of Cambridge University to bear witness against the dead Bucer and Phagius in order to have them declared heretics. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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[Friend and confidante of Roger Ascham. (Venn)]

 
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John Dale

(fl. 1539 - 1559)

Fellow of Queen's College (1542 - 1548). Chaplain and cross bearer to Cambridge University (1554). Rector of Little Shelford, Cambridgeshire, and of Wetheringsett, Suffolk (both in 1557). Did not subscribe to the oath of allegiance and was a recusant after 1558. (Venn)

A discussion of scripture and civil law was planned between Bonner and Dr Dale to be had with Bartlett Green. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

Dale was present at Philpot's presentment before Bonner on 17 November 1555. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

John Dale misunderstood Nicholas Ormanet's request for the pixe and brought him instead a chalice and the host. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

John Dale was called a blockhead by Ormaneto for mistakenly bringing him a chalice and host instead of the pix he requested. 1563, p. 1544, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1960.

Dale was told by Ormaneto to treat the host reverently. 1563, p. 1544, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1960.

His body was infested with lice at his death. John Avales provided testimony of this. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

[Not related to John Dale of Hadleigh.]

 
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John Redman

(1499 - 1551)

DD (1537). Master of Trinity College, Cambridge (1546 - 1551). Relative of Cuthbert Tunstall. (DNB)

Dr Redman was an enemy of Latimer at Cambridge. 1570, p. 1905, 1576, p. 1632, 1583, pp. 1735-36.

Foxe includes a copy in English and Latin of the letter Latimer received from Dr Redman, who revoked him for the doctrine he taught. Latimer's brief response is also included. 1563, p. 1308, 1570, pp. 1905-06, 1576, p. 1632 [English only], 1583, p. 1736.

Foxe includes Redman's epitaph or funeral verses on the death of Martn Bucer. 1563, p. 1558, 1570, p. 2152 [cross reference to 1563 only], 1576, p. 1859 [cross reference to 1563 only], 1583, p. 1968.

Redman was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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John Rudd

(d. 1578)

BD (1531). Chaplain to Edward VI. Prebend of Durham (1550 - 1553, deprived). Prebend of Windsor (1551 - 1553, deprived). Restored to Durham (1559 - 1578). (Venn)

Latimer's adversaries are listed: bishop of Ely (preached against him in King's College), Dr Watson (Master of Christ's College), Dr Norton (Master of Clare), Dr Philo (Master of Michael House), Dr Metcalfe (Master of St John), Dr Blith (of the King's Hall), Dr Bullock (Master of Queen's College), Dr Cliffe (of Clement House), Dr Donnes (of Jesus College), Dr Palmes (Master of St Nicholas hostel), Bayne, Rud and Greenwood of St John's, Brikenden of St John's also, and said to have been a scholar of Latimer's. 1570, p. 1904, 1576, p. 1631, 1583, p. 1735.

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When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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John Young

(1514 - 1580)

DD (1553). Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge (1536). Original founder of Trinity College, Cambridge (1546). Vice-chancellor of Cambridge (1553 - 1554). Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge (1554 - 1559). Regius professor of divinity (1555). Deprived of all preferments under Elizabeth. Imprisoned (1561 - 1579). Removed to Wisbech castle and died there. (DNB)

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On 3 October 1553, Young challenged one 'maister Pierson' for ministering communion in his parish and refusing to say mass. On 5 October Pierson was discharged from his living (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 26 October 1553, John Young, acting on Stephen Gardiner's authority and in the presence of a Dr Walker, discharged John Madew as Master of Clare on the grounds that he was married. Madew was replaced by Roland Swynborne (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

On 31 October 1553 Young sharply reproved one 'maister Thrackolde' for challenging Young over his lenient treatment of Henry Bovell. Bovell had refused to swear to Mary's supremacy over the English church, as was still required by statute (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 3 November 1553 Young ordered the curate of the Round Church in Cambridge not to minister in the vernacular and declared that all services in Cambridge town were to be held in Latin (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

On 12 January 1554, Young called a congregation general at Cambridge, and ordered that a mass of the Holy Ghost be celebrated there on 18 February, Mary's birthday. This was done (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

John Young was one of the official disputants in the Oxford disputations of April 1554 (1563, pp. 932, 936-38 and 951-53; 1570, pp. 1591-93 and 1602-4; 1576, pp. 1358-59 and 1367-68; 1583, pp. 1428-30 and 1438-39).

[NB: A brief account of the Oxford disputations of 1554, printed only in 1563, mentions Young debating with Cranmer (1563, p. 933)].

According to Foxe, Young was present when William Glynn visited Ridley and asked Ridley's forgiveness for having spoken to him disrespectfully during Ridley's disputation on 17 April 1554 (1563, p. 971; 1570, p. 1618; 1576, p. 1380; 1583, p. 1451).

During Easter week William Wolsey conferred with Fuller, Christopherson and Dr Young. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Young told Wolsey that laymen should not meddle with scripture, to which Wolsey counter-argued using scripture. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621,1583, p. 1715.

Young was one of those who put the common seal of the University of Cambridge to the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

John Young was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside DrsYoung, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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On 14 January 1557, after the examination of the provost and vice-provost of Cambridge, Thomas Bacon invited Perne, Dr Young, Dr Harvey, Swinborne, and Maptide to come to dinner. His examination took place before Scot, Watson and Christopherson on 14 January 1557. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

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John Hullier appeared before Shaxton, Young, Segewick, Scot, Mitch and others on Palm Sunday eve at Great St Mary's. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

 
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Laurence Maptide [or Maxtide]

(d. 1557)

[Maxtide on p. 1542 in 1563.]

[Maptide on p. 2146 in 1570.]

President of Gonville Hall (1546), Master of Corpus Christi [on the expulsion of Parker] (1553 -1557). (Venn)

On 14 January 1557, after the examination of the provost and vice-provost of Cambridge, Bacon invited Perne, Dr Young, Dr Harvey, Swinborne, and Maptide to come to dinner. 1563, p. 1542, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1960.

Maptide was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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Maptide was one of those who put the common seal of the University of Cambridge to the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

 
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Mr Hunter

Hunter was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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Mr Johnson

[Probably Robert Johnson of St Nicholas Hostel, Registrar of London (d. 1558) (Venn)]

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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Richard Mitch

(fl. 1542 - 1576)

LLD (1557). Fellow of St John's (1542 - 1553). Migrated to Trinity Hall and was fellow there until 1561. Amd. advocate at Doctors' Commons and of the court of Arches (1559). (DNB)

Scot called Mitch and others before him at Peterhouse to testify against the doctrine of Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside DrsYoung, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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John Hullier appeared before Shaxton, Young, Segewick, Scot, Mitch and others on Palm Sunday eve at Great St Mary's. 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

As Edwin Sandys took his seat in the university, Mitch conspired to have him seized from his chair but Sandys began his oration to justify his sermon. 1583, p. 2087.

Mitch and twenty followers came to drag Sandys from his seat. 1583, p. 2087.

[At the accession of Mary he organised an attack on the house of Dr Sandys, the vice-chancellor, who had exhibited sympathy for Lady Jane Grey. He eventually went abroad and was described in 1576 as a recusant who had fled England. (DNB)]

 
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Roland Swynborne

(1516 - 1557)

Master of Clare (1539 - 1549 and 1553 - 1557). Prebend of Durham (1529). (Venn)

Roland Swynborne replaced John Madew as Master of Clare; Madew was discharged by John Young on 26 October 1553 because he was married (1563, p. 1000; 1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; and 1583, p. 1466).

Swynborne was one of those who put the common seal of the University of Cambridge to the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

On 14 January 1557, after the examination of the provost and vice-provost of Cambridge, Bacon invited Perne, Dr Young, Dr Harvey, Swynborne, and Maptide to come to dinner. He was examined before Scot, Watson and Christopherson on 14 January 1557. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

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He was so alarmed by Ormaneto's discussion with Brassey on 22 January 1557 that he found himself unable to speak. 1563, p. 1545, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1961.

 
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Thomas Bacon

(d. 1559) [Venn]

Chaplain to Henry VIII, Master of Gonville Hall (1552 - 1559), Canon of Ely (1554). (Venn)

Bacon was one of those who put the common seal of the University of Cambridge to the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

On 14 January 1557, after the examination of the provost and vice-provost of Cambridge, Thomas Bacon invited Perne, Dr Young, Dr Harvey, Swinborne, and Maptide to come to dinner. He was examined before Scot, Watson and Christopherson on 14 January 1557. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

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Thomas Parker

(fl. 1535 - 1581)

Original fellow of Trinity (1546), Lady Margaret Preacher (1556 - 1558). (Venn )

Thomas Parker was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside DrsYoung, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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[Went into exile at the accession of Elizabeth. Graduated DD abroad. Living in Milan in 1581. (Venn)]

 
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Vincent of Noally

Secretary to Nicholas Ormanet.

Vincent of Noally read out the commission from Pole to seek out heresy at the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

He read aloud the commission, sent from Cardinal Pole, to inquest heresy upon the bodies of Bucer and Phagius. He then posted the university's condemnation. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

He caused the petition against Bucer and Phagius to be placed on the door of St Mary's church , at the common schools, and on the cross in the market place. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

He published the second process against Bucer and Phagius on 18 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

 
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William Gogman

(d. 1558?)

BD (1554). Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge (1547). Will proved 1558. (Venn )

When the commission found no witnesses to support the orthodoxy of Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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William Taylor

(fl. 1544 - 1559)

Lady Margaret Preacher (1554), master of Christ's College (1556 - 1559), prebend of York (1558), prebend of Southall (1559) (Venn)

Scot called Taylor before him at Peterhouse on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

Taylor was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

When the commission found no witnesses to support Bucer and Phagius, they called aside Drs Young, Sedgwick, Bullock, Taylor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, as well as Brown, Gogman, Rud, Johnson, Mitch, Raven and Carre. They were all commanded to give witness against Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

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[Deprived of his preferments in 1559 and fled England to go into exile.]

 
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William Whitlock

(d. 1584)

Historian of Lichfield. Fellow of King's (1540 - 1560), vice-provost of King's, prebend of Lichfield (1561 - 1584). (DNB)

William Whitlock was present for the judgement against Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

Scot called Whitlock and others before him at Peterhouse to testify against the doctrine of Bucer and Phagius on 17 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2147, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1956.

1984 [1960]

Q. Mary. Visitation in Cambridge. Processe against M. Bucer, and Paulus Phagius.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Ianuary.was in the whole Vniuersitie besides) such a sort of Raskals were put in their roumes, that all places now swarmed with vnlerned and vnnurtured chaplains. To whō nothyng was greater pleasure, then to cause all men to speake slander and reproch of Bucer. There were dyuers yet left among them, that spake agaynst their demaunds. But they (because, as it commonly commeth to passe, that might ouercommeth right) could nothing auaile. For this is a common custome in all such matters & ordināces, that looke what the greater number decreeth, is published in þe name of all: and that which the better part disallowed, semeth as though no man at all disallowed it. 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 270, fn 1

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'better' to 'more' and 'disallowed it' to 'allowed it' in the text.} All the editions after 1563 read "the better part," and the next line "disallowed it:" the Latin (fol. 129) has "comprobatum."

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The next day beyng MarginaliaIanuary. 14.the 14. of Ianuary, 

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This account of the celebrations at King's College on 14 January was added in 1570 and probably came from official accounts of the visitation. Foxe may havedecided to include this material in an effort to highlight the ceremonial of the catholics and implicitly criticise those who sought to retain 'popish' ceremonies and vestments in the Elizabethan church.

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all the Visitors (onely Christopherson elect of Chichester excepted) came to the Kings Colledge. Where first goyng into the Church, and there makyng their prayers at the gresings, 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 270, fn 2

"Greesings," i. e. the stairs, from "gressus." - ED.

they so proceeded into the stalles, there sitting all the masse tyme, the company standyng in their copes, and singing a solemne Respond in honour of the Visitors. After the respond done, the Prouost in the best Cope made to them his protestation, vnto whom the B. of Chester made aunswer also in Latine, declaryng that he could not perceyue to what purpose his protestation was, notwithstandyng they would accept it and beare with him. Then went they to Masse, which ended, the Catholike Visitors approched vp to the aulter, & tooke downe the Sacrament, & searched the pixe, but first the two Bishops sensed the Sacrament.

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Then they went to the reuestry, and opened the Chalices, corporas cases, and crismatory, and viewed all those thyngs. And so returnyng into the Prouosts chamber, deuided themselues in examination of the Prouost, Viceprouost, and the rest of the company. The same day D. Bacon M. of Gonwell hall, bad the Vicechauncellor, D. Young, D. Haruy, Swineborne, Maptide with others home to dinner. These men immediately after diner, caused MarginaliaThe Sentence is signed with the commō seale of the Vniuersity.the cōmon seale of the Vniuersitie to bee put to the foresayd instrument of condemnation, accordyng as was determined the day before by the generall consent of the Graduates of the Vniuersitie. And by and by after, they caried the same to the Commissioners to their lodgyng. The which when they had receiued, forasmuch as after more diligent perusing thereof, it liked them not in all points, MarginaliaThe Sentence engrossed new agayne.some thynges they rased out, some they enterlined, other some they changed: so that in fine, they were faine to take they payne to engrosse it new agayne.

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MarginaliaIanuary. 15.To the signing wherof, a congregation was eftsoones called of all the Graduates of the Vniuersitie agaynst the next day, which there beyng red ouer, and new grace againe was asked and granted for settyng to the seale.  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 272, line 29

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'for settyng to the seale' to 'for setting to of the seal agayne'.} "Ad denuo obsignandam."

Thē were the Graduates dismissed, with commaundement to resort forthwith to S. Mary Church, whether the Commissioners also repayred. When they had taken their places, MarginaliaD Haruy presenteth a Mandate from the Cardinall.D. Haruy presented to them before all the company, a newe commission to make enquest vpon heresie then newly sent from the Cardinall, which was red immediately by Vincent of Noally, Ormanets Clarke. This done, D. Perne (who as ye heard, was factor for the Vniuersitie, exhibited to the cōmissioners in the name of þe Vniuersitie þe sentence of the foresayd condemnation. The copy and tenour whereof, hereafter (God willyng) shall follow. This cōdemnation beyng openly red, then MarginaliaD. Perne maketh petition that Bucer and Phagius may be cited to the Courte.D. Perne aforesaid desired to send out processe to cite Bucer and Phagius to appeare, or any other that would take vpon them to pleade their cause, & to stand to the order of the court agaynst the next Monday: to the intent that when they had exhibited themselues, the Courte might the better determine what ought to be done to them by order of law.

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MarginaliaM. Bucer & Phagius cited out of their graues to appeare, or any other that would aunswere for them.The commissioners condescended to hys request, and the next day processe went out to cite the offenders. This citation Vincent of Noally their common Notarie, hauyng first red it ouer before certayne witnesses appointed for the same purpose, caused to bee fixed vp in places conuenient, to witte, vpon S. Mary church doore, the doore of the common Schooles, and the crosse in the market steade of the same towne. In this was specified, that whosoeuer woulde maintayne Bucer and Phagius, or stande in defence of their doctrine, should at the xviij. day of the same moneth, stand foorth before the L. Commissioners, in S. Mary Church, which was appoynted the place of iudgement, and there euery man should be sufficientlye heard what he could say. This Commaundement was set out with many wordes.

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MarginaliaIanuary. 17.Shortly after, the matter drewe toward Iudgement. Therefore the next day before the day limited, which was

the xvij. of Ianuary, the Vicechauncellor called to hym to Peterhouse (whereof he was M.) MarginaliaWitnesses sworne agaynst M. Bucer.D. Young, D. Segiswike, & with them Bullocke, Taylor, Parker, and Redman, Whitlocke, Mitch, & certaine others. These men cast their heds togither how they might beare witnes against Bucer & Phagius, to conuince them of heresie. For seyng the matter was brought in face of open court, & because it might so come to passe, that some Patrones of their cause would come out, they thought it needfull to haue witnesses to depose of their doctrine. What came of this their cōsultation, it is not perfectly knowen.

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MarginaliaIanuary. 18.The xviij. day the Vicechauncellor goyng to the Inquisitors sittyng at the Kyngs Colledge, did put them in remembrance, that the same was the day in which by their processe sent forth the xvj. day before, they had commanded to appeare in S. Mary Church, such as would take vpon them to defend Bucer and Phagius by the law. He desired therefore that they would vouchsafe to sitte there, if perchaunce any man would try the aduenture of the law. They lightly condescended thereunto. When the Vicechauncellor had brought them thether, hee exhibited vnto them the processe of the Citation which he had receyued of them to publish a little before, saying, that he had diligently executed whatsoeuer the contents of the same required. After that they had taken their places, and that no mā put forth hymself to answer for the offenders, the Iudges called aside D. Yong, D. Segiswike, Bullock, Tailor, Maptide, Hunter, Parker, Redman, aboue mentioned. Also MarginaliaOther witnesses sworne agaynst Master Bucer.Browne, Gogman, Rud, Iohnson, Mitch, Rauen and Carre, who had before written out the buriall of Bucer, with a singular commendation of hym, and sent it to Sir Iohn Cheeke Knight. These men takyng first their othe vpon a booke, were commanded to beare witnes agaynst the heresies and doctrine of Bucer and Phagius. The 22. day of the same month was limited to this Iurie to bryng in their verdict.

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In the meane while, Ormanet and Doctor Watson abode at home in their lodgyng to take the depositions of them whom we shewed you before to haue bene called to Peterhouse, & to haue communicated with the Vicechancellor as concernyng that matter, whose depositions (as I told you) neuer came to light. The B. of Chester and D. Cole 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close

Some remarks upon Ormanet and Dr. Cole occur in the latter part of the "Historia vera" (p. 198): "Fuit in Ormaneto nihil notabile præter arrogantiam intolerabilem, quâ re tam mirifice excellebat, ut ne fingi quidem aut cogitari quicquam posset arrogantius. Fuit Colus eruditione ad suam opinionem eximiâ, ad aliorum vero mediocri; naturâ tam insigniter morosâ, ut nihil mirum, si nec sacra Biblia quæ combusserat, nec Christi fautores quos infestaverat, ei placere potuerint. Is nihil ægrius ferre potuit, quam ut a quoquam vel ipse Cicero, vel Plato legeretur. Hoc cur fecerit planè nescimus, nisi ideo fortassis, quòd ingenioso illo suo paradoxo (inscitiam et ignorantiam rerum veræ pietatis et religionis matrem esse) nimiù delectaretur." - ED.

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this day visited them of Katherine Hall, where, as farre as could bee learned, nothyng was done worthy of rehersall.

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As Ormanet the Popes Datary was sittyng at Trinitie Colledge, Iohn Dale one of the Queenes Colledge came to hym, whom he had commanded before to bryng with hym the pixe, wherein the Bish. of Romes God of bread is woont to be enclosed. MarginaliaA Relicke giuen by Ormanet to Trinity Colledge.For Ormanet told them he had a precious iewell: the same was a linnen cloute that the Pope had consecrated with his owne hands, which he promised to bestow vpon them for a gift. But Dale misunderstandyng Ormanet, in steade of the pixe brought a chalice and a singyng cake called the hoste, the whiche hee had wrapped vp and put in hys bosome. When hee was come, Ormanet demanded if he had brought him þe thyng he sent hym for. To whom he aunswered, he had brought it. Then geue it me (quoth he). Dale pulled out the chalice and the singyng cake. MarginaliaOrmanet in a pelting chafe with M. Dale.When Ormanet sawe that, hee stepped somewhat backe as it had bene in a wonder, callyng hym blockhed, and little better then a mad man, demaundyng what he ment by those thyngs, saying: he willed hym to bryng none of that geare, and that he was vnworthy to enioy so high a benefite: yet notwithstandyng, forasmuch as hee had promised before to geue it them, hee would performe his promise. Whereupon with great reuerence & ceremony, he pulled out the linnen cloth & layd it in the chalice, and the bread with it, commandyng them both for the holynes of the thyng, & also for the author of it, to keepe it among them with such due reuerence as belonged to so holy a relique.

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MarginaliaA commaundement for bringing in of hereticall bookes.About the same tyme the Commissioners had geuen commandement to the maisters of the Colledges, that euery man should put in writyng what books he had, with the authors names. And to the intent that euery mā shuld execute it without deceit, they tooke a corporal oth of them. This commandemēt some executed exactly and diligently other some, for as much as they deemed it wrongfull, executed it slacke enough.

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We declared before that the xviij. day was limited for the day of iudgement. Whē the day came, and that neither Bucer nor Phagius would appeare at their call in þe court nor that any put forth hymself to defend them: yet the curteous Commissioner would not proceede to iudgement, which neuerthelesse, for their contumacy in absenting thēselues, they might haue done, MarginaliaGraciously considered.consideryng how that daye

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