Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Mayor of Cambridge.

The queen's commission to Cambridge sent a writ to Smith for the burning of Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1958.

1986 [1962]

Queene Mary. Visitation in Cambridge. M. Bucer, Paulus Phagius condemned.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Ianuary. MarginaliaAgaynst Paulus Phagiusunt, ab eo in suis scriptis prolata, impiæ memoriæ MarginaliaPaulus Phagius for commēding Oecolampadius, Bucer, Melancthō, and Brentius, condemned.Iohannē Oecolampadium, ac Martinum Bucerum prædictum, necnon Philippum Melancthonem, & Iohannem Brentium, notorios & insignes hæresiarchas, & eorum doctrinam, & in eius scriptis impressis & vulgo æditis, non solum probando, sed summis laudibus attollendo, se non solum hæreticis fauere, sed eorum falsis dogmatibus assentire, & ea credere, & probare: ad eaque credēda, alios inducere, niti manifeste se ostendit, & hic pro hæretico communiter & notoriè habitus & reputatus, in huiusmodi errore impænitens decessit, non solum hæreticorum fautorem, sed hæreticum fuisse, nec non eosdem Martinum Bucerum, & Paulum Phagiū excommunicationis & anathematis, ac alias quascunque contra huiusmodi personas, tam de iure communi, quàm per literas, processum, prædictorum statutas sententias, censuras & pœnas damnabiliter incidisse & incurrisse: & eorum memoriam condemnandam esse, & condemnamus, ac eorum corpora & ossa quæ hoc tempore perniciosissimi schismatis, & aliarum hæresium, in hoc regno vigentium, Ecclesiasticæ fuerunt temere tradita sepulturæ, quatenus ab alijs fidelium corporibus, & ossibus discerni possunt iuxta canonicas sanctiones, exhumanda, & procul ab Ecclesia proijcienda, & exhumari & proijci mādamus, & eorum libros ac Scripturas, si quæ hic reperiantur, publicè comburen. & comburi præcipimus: ac eosdem libros & Scripturas quibuscunque, tam huius vniuersitatis, quàm oppidi, & locorum eis adiacentium, personis, sub pœnis, tam ex iure communi, quàm literis processuum prædictorum, seu quomodo libet alias contra haben. & legen. libros hæreticos statutis, interdicimus.

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After the sentence thus read, the Byshop commaunded their bodies to be digged out of their graues, and beyng disgraded from holy orders, deliuered them into the handes of the secular power. For it was not lawfull for such innocent persons as they were, abhorryng from all bloudshed, and detestyng all desire of murder, to put any man to death.

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The effect of Doctor Pernes Sermon against M. Bucer.

MarginaliaPernes Sermon against Bucer.OVer and besides this oration & sentence of D. Scot, came in also D. Perne Vicechancellour, with his sermon tendyng to the same effect, to the deprauyng of Maister Bucer, taking for his theame the place of the 132. Psalme: Behold how good & pleasant a thyng it is. &c.

Where beginning first with the commendation of concord, and of the mutual knittyng together of the myndes, he alledged, that it was not possible to hold together, vnlesse the concorde were deriued out of the hed, the which he made to be the B. of Rome, and that it also rested in the same.

After he had made a long protestatiō hereof, he passed forth to Bucer, vpon whom he made a shamefull railyng, saying: that his doctrine gaue occasion of diuision in the common wealth, & that there was not so grieuous a mischiefe, which by his meanes had not bene brought into the realme.

Although all men myght perceyue by the bookes hee had compiled, what manner of Doctrine it was: yet notwythstanstyng (he sayde) he knewe it more perfectly hymselfe, then any dyd, and that hee had learned it aparte at the Authours hande hymselfe.

For at such tyme as they had communication secretly amōg themselues, MarginaliaD. Pernes accusation agaynst M. Bucer.Bucer (sayd he) would oftentymes wishe he myght be called by some other name, then by the name he had: for this purpose, as though knowyng himselfe guiltie of so grieuous a crime, he might by this meanes escape vnknown to the worlde, and auoyd the talke that went among men of hym.

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Moreouer, among other thyngs he told how Bucer held opinion (which thyng he should confesse to hym his own selfe) MarginaliaA sore heresye noted of D. Perne.that God was the author and welspring, not onely of good, but also of euill: and that whatsoeuer was of that sort, flowed from him, as from the headspring and maker therof. The which doctrine he vpheld to be sincere: howbeit, for offending diuers mens consciences, he durst not put it into mens heads.

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MarginaliaShamefull rayling of D. Perne agaynst M. Bucer.Many other thyngs hee patched together of lyke purport and effect, as of the supremacie of the Bish. of Rome, of the mariage of Priests, of diuorcements, and of shamefull vsurie also, as though he had deemed the same lawfull to be vsed among christen people, with diuers other of the lyke sort.

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In all which his allegations, considering how lewdly without all shame he lied vpō Bucer 

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This denunciation of Perne comes from the Historia vera and from Golding's Briefe treatise (sigs. G5r-G6v); Foxe was merely repeating. However, it is significant that while Foxe protected the identities of some prominent people involved in the exhumation and burning of the bodies of Bucer and Fagius, he did little to protect Perne's reputation.

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(as his writyngs euidently declare) he dyd not so much hinder hys name with railyng vpon hym, as win vnto hymselfe an inexpiable infamy, by forging so shameful leesings vpon so worthy a man.

But what needeth witnesse to prooue hym a lyer? hys owne conscience shall make as much agaynst hym, as a

number of men.

It was reported for a truth, and that by his owne familiar friends testified, that the said D. Perne himselfe, either immediately after hys Sermon, or els somewhat before he went to it, MarginaliaD. Perne speaketh agaynst his owne consciēce, in rayling against M. Bucer.strikyng himselfe on the brest, and in a maner weepyng, wished at home at his house with all his heart, that God would graunt his soule might euen then presently depart and remaine with Bucers. For he knewe well enough that his life was such, that if any mans soule were worthy of heauen, he thought his in especially to bee most worthy.

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Whiles he was thus talking to the people, in þe meane tyme the leaues of the Churche doores were couered ouer with verses: 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 281, middle

See Dr. Lamb's "Collection of Documents," p. 210.

MarginaliaVerses agaynst M. Bucer and the which the yong men to shew their folly, which scarse knew hym by sight, blased Bucers name with most reprochfull Poetrie.

These thynges beyng dispatched, Perne (as thoughe he had sped his matter maruelously well) was for hys labour, of curtesie bidden to dinner to Trinitie Colledge by the Commissioners. Where, after the Table was takē vp they caused the sentence of condemnation to be copied out with all speede: which beyng signed with the B. of Chesters seale, MarginaliaThe Sentence of condemnatiō sent to London with the Commissioners letters.the next day followyng was for a triumph sent to London, with diuers of those verses and slaunderous Libels.

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Besides this, they sent also their owne letters, wherein they both aduertised the Cardinall how farre they had proceeded in that matter, and also desired hys Grace that he would cause to be sent out of hand to Smith the Maior of the Towne, the Commaundement, commonly called a MarginaliaA writte for burning of heretickes.Writte for the burnyng of Heretikes. For vnlesse hee had the Queenes warrant to saue hym harmelesse, hee would not haue to do in the matter: and that which remained to be done in that case, could not be dispatched till that Warrant came.

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Whiles this pursiuant went on his iourny, they willed to be brought vnto them the bookes that they commāded before to be serched out. For they determined to throw them into the fire with Bucer and Phagius.

About the same tyme D. Watson takyng occasion vppon the day, because it was a high feast, in the which was woont to bee celebrated the memoriall of the Purification of the blesed Virgin, made MarginaliaWatsons Sermō vpon Candlemas day.a Sermon to the people vpon that Psalme: We haue receyued thy mercye (O Lord) in the middest of thy Temple, &c. In the which Sermon he spake much reproche of Bucer and Phagius, and of their doctrine.

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He sayd, that these men, & all the heretikes of our time that were of the same opinion (the which for the most part he said, were budded out of Germany) amōg other things which they had perniciously put into mens heds, taughte to cast away all Ceremonies. Whereas notwithstandyng the Apostle hymselfe commanded all thyngs to be done in due order.

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And vpon that deed of the blessed Virgin and Ioseph which was done by them as vpon that day, it was manifestly apparant, that they with our Sauiour beyng then a little babe, obserued these rites and ceremonies for catholike men to teach. MarginaliaMary and Ioseph went a procession with waxe candels, or els D. Watsō sayth false.For he sayd, that they came to the Temple the same tyme with waxe Candles in their hands, after the maner of procession (as they terme it) in good order with much reuerence and deuotion, and yet we were not ashamed to laugh and mocke at these things with the heretikes and schismatikes.

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As he was tellyng his tale of Christ, Mary, and Ioseph, one of them that heard hym, a pleasaunt & mery conceited fellow, turnyng himselfe to him that stood next him, and if it be true (quoth he) that this man preacheth, which of them I pray you ( MarginaliaA question to be spurred to D. Watson.if a man might spurre him  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 282, middle

The same as to spere, to ask, inquire, to seek: still in use in the north of England. See Halliwell's Dict. where more, and Dr. Jamieson's "Etymolog. Dict. of Scottish language," under Spere.

a question) bare the crosse before them? for that might not be missing in such solemne ceremonies. Not onely this man iested at the Preachers folly, but diuers other also laughed at his manifest vnshamefastnes, in preaching these so vain and foolish superstitions.

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While hee was thus talkyng to hys audience, MarginaliaThe sodayne sownde of Christopherson.Iohn Christopherson elected B. of Chichester, beyng strikē with a sodaine sicknes, fel downe in a sound among the prease, 

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I.e., Christopherson fainted in the crowd.

& with much adoe, beyng scarse able a good whyle to come to hymself againe, in the meane tyme babled many things vnaduisedly, and as though he had bene out of his wittes. Some thought it came vpon this occasion, because he had bene greatly accused before the Commissioners for mispēdyng & misordering the goods of the Colledge, & therefore was grieued with the matter, knowyng that they had ben offended with hym, by that that Ormanet had caucelled before his face a Lease of his, by the which hee had let to ferme to his brother in lawe a certaine Manor of that colledge, because the couenants seemed vnreasonable.

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