Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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1987 [1963]

Queene Mary. Visitation in Cambridge. Watsons Sermon against Bucer and Phagius.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Ianuary.By this tyme was returned agayne the Pursiuaunt, who (as we before tolde) was sent to London wyth the Commissioners letters, and brought with him a warrant for the burning of these men.

MarginaliaThe day assigned for burning M. Bucer and Paulus Phagius bodyes.Vpon the receit wherof, they appoynted the vj. day of Febr. for the accomplishment of the matter. For it had hāged already a great while in hand.

Therefore when the sayd day was come, the Commissioners sent for the Vicechancellor, demandyng of hym in what case things stood, whether all things were in a readines for the accomplishment of this busines, or no. Vnderstandyng by hym that all thyngs were redy, they commanded the matter to be broched out of hand.

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MarginaliaThe taking vp of M. Bucer and Paulus Phagius.The Vicechancellor therefore taking with hym Marshall the common Notary, went first to Saint Michaels church where Phagius was buried. There he called forth Andrew Smith, Henry Sawyer, and Henry Adams, mē of the same parish, and bound them with an oth, to dig vp Phagius bones, and to bryng them to the place of execution. Marshall tooke their othes, receiuyng the like of Roger Smith and W. Hasell the Towne Sergeants, & of I. Capper, Warden of the same Church, for doyng the lyke with Bucer. Smith the Maior of the town, which should be their executioner, (for it was not lawfull for them to intermeddle in cases of bloude) 

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Clerics were not allowed to carry out corporal punishments for heresy themselves; that had to be delegated to the secular authorities, even if the punishments were being inflicted on dead bodies.

commaunded certayne of hys Townesmen to wayte vpon hym in harnesse, by whō the dead bodies were garded, and beyng bound wt ropes, and layd vppon mens shoulders (for they were enclosed in Chestes, Bucer in the same that hee was buried, and Pagius in a newe) they were borne into the middest of the Market steade, with a great trayne of people followyng them.

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MarginaliaThe burning of Martyn Bucer and Paulus Phagius.This place was prepared before, and a great Poste was set fast in the grounde to bynde the Carcasses to, and a great heape of Woode was layed readye to burne them withall.

When they came thither, the Chestes were set vp on ende with the dead bodies in them, and fastened on both sides with stakes, and bound to the Post with a long iron Chayne, as if they had bene alyue. Fire beyng forthwith put too, as soone as it began to flame round about, a great sort of bookes that were condemned with them, were cast into the same.

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MarginaliaThe talke of the countreyfolke of the burning of M. Bucer and Paulus Phagius.There was that day gathered into the towne, a great multitude of countrey folke (for it was market day) who seyng men borne to execution, and learnyng by inquirie that they were dead before, partly detested and abhorred the extreme crueltie of the commissioners toward the rotten carcasses, and partly laughed at their folly in makyng suche preparature. For what needeth any weapon, sayde they? As though they were afrayed that the deade bodies which felte them not, woulde doe them some harme? Or to what purpose serueth that Chayne wherewith they are tyed, sithence they might bee burnt loose wythout peryll? for it was not to bee feared that they woulde runne away.

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Thus euery body that stoode by, found faulte with the cruelnesse of the deed, either sharply, or els lightly, as euery mans mynde gaue hym. There were very few that liked their doyng therein.

¶ The purpose of D. Watsons Sermon against Martin Bucer.

MarginaliaWatsons Sermon at the burning of Bucer and Phagius.IN the meane tyme that they were a rostyng in the fire, Watson went into the Pulpit in S. Mary Church, and there before his audience rayled vppon their doctrine, as wicked and erroneous, saying: that it was the ground of all mischiefe that had happened of a long tyme in the common weale. For beholde (sayd he) as well the prosperitie as the aduersitie of these yeares that haue ensued, and ye shall find that all thyngs haue chanced vnluckely to them that haue followed this new found fayth: as contrary all thynges haue happened fortunately to them that haue eschewed it. What robbyng and pollyng (quoth hee) haue we seene in this Realme, MarginaliaAs though in these dayes of Queene Mary had bene raysed no subsidies at all.as long as Religion was defaced with sects, the common treasure (gathered for þe maintenance of the whole publike weale) and the goodes of the Realme shamefully spent in waste for the maintenance of a few folkes lustes, all good order broken, all discipline cast aside, holydayes appointed to the solemnising of ceremonies neglected: and that more is, the places themselues beaten downe, flesh and other kynde of prohibited sustenance eaten euery where vpon dayes forbidden, without remorse of conscience, the priests had in derision, the masse rayled vpon, no honour done to the Sacramentes of the church: all estates and degrees geuen to such a licentious liberty without checke, that all things may seeme to draw

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to their vtter ruine and decay.

MarginaliaWatson sclaunderously depraueth the doctrine of the Protestantes.And yet in the meane time the name of the gospel was pretended outwardly, as though that for it men ought of duetie to geue credite to their erroneous opinions: where as in deed there is nothing more discrepant, or more to the slaunder of Gods worde then the same. For what other thyng taught they to remayne in that most blessed & mysticall Sacrament of the body of our Lorde, then bare vnleauened bread? And what els doe the remnaunt of them teach to this day? Whereas Christ by expresse wordes doth assure it to be his very body. Howe perillous a doctrine is that which concerneth the fatall and absolute necessitie of Predestination? And yet they set it out in suche wyse, that they haue left no choise at all in things. As who should say, it skilled not what a man purposed of any matter, sithens he had not the power to determine otherwyse then the matters should come to passe. The which was the peculiar opinion of them, that made God the authour of euill, bringyng men thorough this perswasion into such a carelesse securitie of the euerlastyng eternitie, that in the meane season it made no matter eyther toward saluation, or toward damnation, what a man did in this lyfe. These errors (whiche were not euen among the Heathen men) were defended by them with great stoutnesse.

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These and many such other thyngs he slanderously & falsly alledged against Bucer, whose doctrine (in such sort as he himselfe taught it) eyther he would not vnderstand, or els he was mynded to slaunder. And yet he was not ignoraunt, that Bucer taught none other thynges then the very same MarginaliaWatson and Scot had both subscribed to the doctrine of the Gospell in the raigne of K. Edward the 6.whereunto both he and Scotte in the raigne of K. Edward the vj. had willingly assented by subscribyng thereto with their owne handes. While hee talked in this wyse before the people, many of them that had writtē verses before, did set vp other new, in the which lyke a sort of waterfrogges, they spued out their venemous malice agaynst Bucer and Phagius. This was the last act of this Enterlude, and yet their remained a few thynges to bee done, among the which was MarginaliaThe reconciling of the Churches that were interdicted.the reconciling of two churches, of our Lady, & of S. Michaell,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 284, line 15 from the bottom

The expense of this purification is recorded in the Registers of Great St. Mary's; from which the following has been extracted, cited in Le Keux's "Memorials of Cambridge":
"1557. For the new hallowyng and reconcyleing of or chyrche, beyng interdycted for the buryall of Mr Bucer, and the charge hereunto belongeyng, frankensense and souch perfumes for the sacrament, and herbes, &c. 8s."

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which we declared to haue bene enterdicted before.

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This was done the next day followyng, by the aforesayd B. of Chester,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 284, line 13 from the bottom

"It. at vii my L. of Chester came to St. Mary's and almost half houre before to hallow the churche, and hallowed a great tubbe full of water and put therein salt asshes and wyne and wente onse round abowte without the churche and thryce within, the Mr. of Xts College, Mr. Percyvell, and Collingwood were his Chaplens and wayted in gray Amyses, and that don Parson Collingwood sayde Masse; and that don my seyde Lorde preched, wherunto was fet my L. of Lynkolne and D. Cole; the Datary tarying at home and my L. of Chychester beinge syck.' (Lamb's Documents, p. 217.)

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with as much ceremoniall solemnitie as the law required. But that impanate God, whom Bucers carcasse had chased from thence, was not yet returned thether agayne: neither was it lawfull for hym to come there any more, but if he were brought thether with great solemnitie. As I suppose, duryng all the tyme of hys absence, he was entertained by the Commissioners at Trinitie Colledge, and there continued as a Soiourner. MarginaliaA solemne Procession of the Vniuersitye and of the townesmen.For thither came al the Graduates of the Vniuersitie, the 8. of February, of gentlenes and curtesie, to bryng hym home agayne. Amongst the which number, the Bish. of Chester (worthy for hys estate to come nearest to hym, because hee was a B.) tooke and caried hym cladde in a long Rochet, and a large Tippet of Sarcenet about hys necke, wherein he wrapped his Idoll also. Ormanet Datarie had geuen the same a little before to the Vniuersitie, for that and such lyke purposes.

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When this Idoll should returne home, hee wente not the straightest and nearest way as other folkes are woont to go, but he fetched a compasse  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 285, line 5

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'compasse' to 'windlass' in the text.} "A windlass" (Ed. 1563). A circuitous route, or "compass," to which last it is altered in later editions.

about the most part of the towne, and romed through so many of the streetes, that it was a large houre and more, ere he could find the way into his Church agayne. I beleeue the auncient Romaines obserued a custome not much vnlike this in their procession, when they made supplications at the shrines of al their Gods. The order of which procession was this: MarginaliaThe order of Procession in Cambridge.the maisters Regents went before singyng with a lowde voyce: Salue festa dies. &c. 
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Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

Salue festa dies, etc.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

Hail, festive day, etc.

 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 285, line 11

The commencement of an Easter hymn, used in papal processions. It is given in the "Processionale Romanum," p. 71, Edit. Tornaci, 1675, and in Daniel's "Thesaurus Hymnologicus," tom. i. 169: see also Venantii Fortunati Poem. lib. iii. ¶ 7. See Strype's "Memorials under Mary," ch. 26, p. 208; ch. 27, p. 220; ch. 49, pp. 377, 382, 286; Tottenham's "Popery on the Continent," pp. 6, 7; and Lamb's "Collection of Documents," p. 218.

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Next then followed the B. of Chester, about hym went Ormanet and his fellowe Commissioners, with the maisters of the colledges, bearing euery mā a long Taper light in hys hand. After whom a little space of, followed other degrees of the Vniuersitie. Last behind came the Maior and hys Townesmen. Before them all went the Bedles, crying to such as they mette, that they should bowe themselues humbly before the hoste. If any refused so to doe, they threatned to send hym forthwith to the Tolboth. Their God beyng ledde with this pompe, and pacified with great sacrificed Hostes of Bucer and Phagius, at length setled hymselfe agayne in his accustomed roume.

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Scot of Chester prayed with many wordes, that that day might be luckie and fortunate to hymselfe, and to all that were present, and that from that day forward (nowe that Gods wrath was appeased, and all other thyngs set in good order) al men would make themselues conformable to peace & quietnes, namely,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 285, fn 1

"Inespecially," Ed. 1563, p. 1551. - ED.

in matters appertainyng

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