Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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1991 [1967]

Queene Mary. Oration of M. Acworth in Cambridge.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. February.then the which there was neuer thing read of more cruelty done, no not euen of the barbarous Paganes. And yet for all that when diuers had shewed theyr vttermost cruelty both agaynste these and many others, they were so farre from theyr purpose in extinguishing the light of the Gospell, which they endeuoured to suppresse, that it increased dayly more and more. The which thing Charles the 5. (then whom all christendome had not a more prudēt Prince, nor the Church of Christ almost a sorer enemy) easily perceiued, and therefore when he had in his hand Luther dead, and Melancthon and Pomeran, with certayne other Preachers of the Gospell aliue, he not onely determined not any thing extreamely agaynst them nor violated theyr graues, but also entreating them gently sent thē away, not so much as once forbidding them to publish openly the doctrine that they professed. For it is the nature of Christes Church, that the more that Tyrauntes spurne agaynst it, the more it encreaseth and florisheth. A notable proofe assuredly of the prouidence and pleasure of God in sowing the Gospell, was that comming of the Bohemians vnto vs, to the intent to heare Wickliffe, of whom we spake before, who at that time read openly at Oxford: and also the goyng of our men to the sayde Bohemians, when persecution was raysed agaynste vs. But muche more notable was it, that we had seene come to passe in these our dayes: that the Spanyardes sent for into thys Realme of purpose to suppresse the Gospell, as soone as they were returned home, replenished many partes of theyr Countrey with the same trueth of Religion, to the which before they were vtter enemyes. By the which examples it might euidently be perceiued, that the Princes of this world labour in vayne to ouerthrowe it, considering how the mercy of GOD hath sowne it abroad, not onely in those Countryes that wee spake of, but also in Fraunce, Poole, Scotland, and almoste all the rest of Europe. For it is sayd, that some partes of Italy, (although it be vnder the Popes nose) yet do they of late encline to the knowledge of the heauenly trueth: Wherefore sufficient argument and proofe mighte be taken by the successe and encreasement therof, to make vs beleue that this doctrine is sent vs from heauen, vnlesse we will wilfully be blinded. And if there were any that desired to be perswaded more at large in the matter, hee might aduisedlye consider the voyage that the Emperor and the Pope with both theyr powers together, made ioyntly agaynste the Bohemians. In the which the Emperour tooke suche au vnworthy repulse of so small a handfull of his enemyes, that he neuer almost in all his life tooke the like dishonour in any place. Hereof also might bee an especiall example that death of Henry Kyng of Fraunce, who the same day that he had purposed to persecute the Churche of Christe, and to haue burned certayne of his Garde, whome he had in prison for Religion, at whose execution he had promised to haue bene himselfe in proper person, in the middes of his tryumph at a tourney, was wounded so sore in the head with a Speare by one of his owne Subiectes, that ere it was long after he dyed. In the which behalfe, the dreadfull iudgementes of GOD were no lesse approued in our owne Countreymen. For MarginaliaStephen Gardiner of Winchester.one that was a notable slaughterman of Christes Sayntes rotted aliue, and ere euer he dyed, such a rancke sauour stemed from all his bodye, that none of his frendes were able to come at hym, but that they were ready to vomit. Another being in vtter dispayre well nighe of all health, howled out miserably. The third ranne out of his wittes. And diuers other that were enemyes to the Churche perished miserablye in the end. All the which thinges were most certayne tokens of the fauour and defence of the diuine Maiesty towades his Churche, and of his wrath and vengeance towardes the Tyrauntes. And for as much as he had made mention of the Bohemians, he sayd it was a most apte example that was reported of theyr Capitayne Zisca: who when hee should dye, willed his body to be flayne, and of his skin to make a parchment to couer the head of a drumme. For it should come to passe, that when his enemies hearde the sound of it, they should not be able to stand agaynste them. The like counsell (he sayd) he himselfe nowe gaue them as concerning Bucer. That like as the Bohemians dyd with the skinne of Zisca, the same should they doe with the Argumentes and doctrine of Bucer. For as soone as the Papistes shoulde heare the noyse of hym, theyr Gewgawes would forthwith decay. For sauing that they vsed violence to such as withstoode them, theyr doctrine conteyned nothing that might seeme to any man (hauing but meane vnderstanding in holy Scripture) to be grounded vpon any reason. As for those thinges that were done by them agaynst such as could not play the madmen as well as they some of them sauoured of open force, and some of

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ridiculons foolishnes. For what was this first of all? was it not friuolous, that by the space of three yeares together, Masse shoulde be songe in those places where Bucer and Phagius rested in the Lord without any offence at al? and assoone as they tooke it to be an offence, straight waye to be an offence if any were heard there? or that it should not be as good then as it was before? as if that then vppon the soddeyne it had bene a haynous matter to celebrate it in that place, and that the fault that was past, should be counted the greuouser because it was done of lenger time before. Moreuer, this was a matter of none effect, that Bucer and Phagius onely should be digged vppe as who shoulde say, that he alonely had embraced the Religion which they call heresy. It was well knowne howe MarginaliaFande somtyme Maior of the towne.one of the Burgesses of the Towne had bene minded towarde the Popish Religion. Who when he shoulde dye, willed neither ringing of Belles, Diriges, nor any other such kinde of trifles to be done for him in his anniuersary, as they terme it, but rather that they should go with Instruments of Musicke before the Maior and coūsell of the Citty, to celebrate his memoriall, and also that yearely a Sermon shoulde bee made to the people, bequeathing a piece of money to the Preacher for his labour. Neither might he omit in that place to speak of Ward the paynter, who albeit he wer a man of no reputation, yet was he not to be despised for the religion sake which he diligently folowed. Neyther were diuers other moe to be passed ouer with silence, who were knowne of a certaynety to haue continued in the same sect, and to rest in other Churchyardes in Cambridge, and rather through the whole realme, and yet defiled not theyr Masses at all. All the which persons (for as much as they were all of one opinion) ought all to haue bene taken vppe, or els all to haue bene let lye with the same Religion: vnlesse a man would graūt, that it lyeth in theyr power to make what they list lawfull and vnlawfull at theyr owne pleasure. In the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius (to saye the trueth) they vsed to much cruelty, and to muche violence. For howsoeuer it went with the doctrine of Bucer, certaynely they coulde finde nothing wherof to accuse Phagius, in as much as he wrote nothing that came abroad sauing a few things that he had translated out of the Hebrew and Chaldy tounges, into Latine. After his comming into the Realme, he neuer read, he neuer disputed, he neuer preached, he neuer taught. For he deceased so soone after, that he coulde in that time geue no occasion for his aduersaries to take hold on, whereby to accuse him whome they neuer hearde speake. In that they hated Bucer so deadly, for the allowable maryage of the Cleargy, it was theyr owne malice conceiued agaynste him, and a verye slaunder raysed by themselues. For he had for his defence in that matter, (ouer and besides other helpes) the Testimony of the Pope Pius the second, who in a certayne place sayth that vppon waighty considerations Priestes wiues were taken from them, but for more weighty causes were to be restored agayne. And also the statute of the Emperour, they call it the Interim, by the which it is enacted that such of the cleargye as were maryed shoulde not bee diuorced from theyr wiues. 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 294, fn 2

See Le Plat's "Collectio Monumentt. Hist. Conc. trid. illustr." tom. iv. p. 68. This was to hold, however, merely till a generall Council should decide the point. - ED.

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Thus turning his stile from this matter to the Vniuersity, he reprooued in fewe wordes theyr vnfaythfulnes towardes these men. For if the Lord suffered not the bones of the King of Edome, being a wicked man, to bee taken vppe and burnt without reuengement (as sayth Amos) let vs assure our selues he will not suffer so notable a wrong done to his godly Preachers, vnreuenged. Afterward, when he came to the condemnation (whiche we tolde you in the former action was pronounced by Perne the Vicechauncellor, in the name of them all) being somewhat more moued at the matter, he admonished thē how much it stoode them in hand, to vse great circumspectnes, what they decreed vpon any man by theyr voyces, in admitting or reiecting any man to the promotions and degrees of the Vniuersity. For that which should take hys authority from them, should be a great preiudice to all the other multitude, which (for the opinion that it had of theyr doctrine, iudgement, allowance, and knowledge) didde thinke nothing but well of them. For it would come to passe, that if they would bestow theyr promotions vpon none but meet persons, & let the vnmeet go as they come, both the common wealth should receiue much commodity and profite by them, and besides that they should highly please God. But if they persisted to be negligent in doing thereof, they should grieuously endommage the common weale, and worthely worke theyr owne shame and reproch. Ouer and besides that the should greatly offend the maiesty of God, whose commaundement (not to beare false witnesse) they should in so doing breake and violate.

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