Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Agnes Stanley

Martyr. Of London.

Agnes Stanley was accused of heresy either by Lord Rich or by other justices of the peace and constables. She was apprehended for not attending church. 1563, p. 1567, 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

She was examined by Darbyshire, the chancellor. Articles were brought against her and she gave answers. 1563, pp. 1567-70, 1570, pp. 2159-61, 1576, pp. 1865-67, 1583, pp. 1974-76.

She was burned at Smithfield on 12 April 1557. 1563, p. 1570, 1570, p. 2161, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Alice Locker

Of unknown status and origin but probably from Essex.

Alice Locker wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

[Probably related or married to Thomas Locker]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
George Barker

Of unknown occupation and origin.

George Barker wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Henry Ramsey

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of London.

Henry Ramsey was accused of heresy and apprehended for not attending church. 1563, p. 1567, 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

He was examined by Darbyshire, Bonner's chancellor. Articles were brought against him and he answered. 1563, pp. 1567-70, 1570, pp. 2159-61, 1576, pp. 1865-67, 1583, pp. 1974-76.

He was burned at Smithfield on 12 April 1557. 1563, p. 1570, 1570, p. 2161, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Saxby

Prisoner in Newgate. Of unknown origin.

John Saxby wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Lord Richard Rich

(1496? - 1567)

1st Baron Rich (DNB)

Richard Rich was one of the signatories to a letter, dated 9 July 1553, from the Privy Council to Princess Mary, declaring that she was illegitimate and that Lady Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1658; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

He was present at Thomas Watson's Paul's cross sermon, 20 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

He accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey, 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Rich was one of the signatories to a letter, dated 27 November 1554, sent from the Privy Council to Bonner, informing the bishop that Mary was pregnant and ordering him to have prayers and Te Deums said throughout the diocese (1563, pp. 1014-15; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-76).

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Margaret Hide

Martyr. Of London.

Margaret Hide was accused of heresy either by Lord Rich or by other justices of the peace and constables. She was apprehended for not attending church. 1563, p. 1567, 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

She was examined by Darbyshire, the chancellor. Articles were brought against her and she answered. 1563, pp. 1567-70, 1570, pp. 2159-61, 1576, pp. 1865-67, 1583, pp. 1974-76.

She was burned at Smithfield on 12 April 1557. 1563, p. 1570, 1570, p. 2161, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

 
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Richard Gratwick

Prisoner in Newgate.

Henry Adlington went to Newgate to visit a prisoner there called Gratwick, but was apprehended and brought before John Story. 1563, p. 1524, 1570, p. 2096, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1915.

Richard Gratwick wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Richard Roth

(d. 1557)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of Essex.

When charged with reading to the people in the woods John Allerton said that he had not done so, save once, when he was in the company of George Eagles and Richard Roth, when Roth desired him to read something he had upon him. 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2016.

Richard Roth was examined by Bonner on 4 July 1557. 1570, pp. 2214-15, 1576, pp. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

He was examined again on 9 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

Articles were brought against him on 10 September 1557. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

He wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

Roth was questioned by Bonner and answered. 1563, p. 1630, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1911, 1583, p. 2019.

Allerton stated that he left some of his writings in the prison for Roth to read. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

John Allerton stated that Roth had made his nose bleed, so that he might have something to write with. 1570, p. 2211, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Roth was burned at Islington on 17 September 1557. 1570, p. 2013, 1576, p. 1910, 1583, p. 2018.

John Allerton wrote a letter to Richard Roth. 1563, p. 1628, 1570, p. 2213, 1576, p. 1909, 1583, p. 2017.

Roth wrote a letter to certain brethren condemned in Colchester. 1563, p. 1631, 1570, p. 2215, 1576, p. 1912, 1583, p. 2020.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Darbyshire

(1518 - 1604)

Nephew of Edmund Bonner. Jesuit. DCL (1556). Prebend of Totenhall (1543), Hackney (1554). Rector of Fulham (1558) and St Magnus, near London Bridge (1558). Principal of Broadgates College, archdeacon of Essex (1558). Chancellor of London. Deprived of all preferments under Elizabeth. (DNB; Foster)

Darbyshire told Thomas Hawkes that the Bible was sufficient for salvation, but not instruction. 1563, p. 1149; 1570, p. 1759; 1576, p. 1551 [recte 1503]; 1583, p. 1586

On 6 June 1556, Darbyshire, Bonner's chancellor, read articles against Henry Adlington, Thomas Bowyer, Lyon Cawch, John Derifall, Agnes George, William Halliwell, Edmund Hurst, Ralph Jackson, Lawrence Parnam, Elizabeth Pepper, John Routh, George Searles, and Henry Wye. 1563, p. 1524, 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1914.

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Robert Farrer talked with Laurence Sheriff in the Rose tavern and suggested to Sheriff that Elizabeth had been involved in Wyatt's rebellion. Sheriff complained to Bonner about Farrer before Mordaunt, Sir John Baker, Darbyshire, Story, Harpsfield, and others. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2097.

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Five who were martyred at Smithfield on April 12 1557 were first examined by Darbyshire, Bonner's chancellor. 1563, pp. 1567-70, 1570, pp. 2159-61, 1576, pp. 1865-67, 1583, pp. 1974-76.

Ralph Allerton was examined on 7 July by Darbyshire. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

Articles against six martyred at Brentford were administered by Thomas Darbyshire on 20 June 1558. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1935, 1583, p. 2042.

Darbyshire examined William Living and his wife. 1563, p. 1673.

Sentence against them was read by Darbyshire in the presence of Edward Hastings and Thomas Cornwallis. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2241, 1576, p. 1935, 1583, p. 2039.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Locker

Of unknown occupation and origin but probably from Essex.

Thomas Locker wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

[Probably related or married to Alice Locker]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Loseby

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of London.

Thomas Loseby was accused of heresy and apprehended for not attending church. 1563, p. 1567, 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

He was examined by Darbyshire, Bonner's chancellor. Articles were brought against him and answered. 1563, pp. 1567-70, 1570, pp. 2159-61, 1576, pp. 1865-67, 1583, pp. 1974-76.

He was burned at Smithfield on 12 April 1557. 1563, p. 1570, 1570, p. 2161, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Merse

Thomas Merse wrote a confession of faith and signed a submission agreeing to catholic teaching on the eucharist. 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Thirtel

Of unknown occupation. Martyr. Of London.

Thomas Thirtel was accused of heresy either by Lord Rich or by other justices of the peace and constables. He was apprehended for not attending church. 1563, p. 1567, 1570, p. 2159, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1974.

He was examined by Darbyshire, the chancellor. Articles were brought against him and his gave answers. 1563, pp. 1567-70, 1570, pp. 2159-61, 1576, pp. 1865-67, 1583, pp. 1974-76.

He was burned at Smithfield on 12 April 1557. 1563, p. 1570, 1570, p. 2161, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

1998 [1974]

Queeen Mary. Persecution in London Dioces. 22. prisoners. 5. Martyrs.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Aprill.it is written in the 9. to the Hebrues, and in Exodus 24. how Moyses tooke the bloud of the Calues and sprinckled both the booke and all the people, saying: This is the bloud of the couenant or Testament. And also in the 5. chapter of Ezechiell, how the Lord said vnto him concerning þe third parte of his heare, saying: This is Hierusalem. &c.

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MarginaliaHow the Scriptures ought to be examined.Thus we see the Scriptures how they are spoken in figures, and ought to be spiritually examined, and not as they would haue vs to say, that the bodily presēce of christ is in the bread, which is a blasphemous vnderstanding of the godly word, and is contrary to all holy scriptures. Also we do see that great MarginaliaIdolatry in worshipping the Sacramentall bread and wyne.Idolatry is sprong out of þe carnall vnderstanding of the word of Christ: This is my body, & yet dayly springeth, to the great dishonour of God, so that men worship a peece of bread for God, yea and hold that to be their maker.

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After this confession of their fayth and doctrine, being written and exhibited, they also deuised a letter withall, in maner of a short supplication, or rather an admonition to the Iudges and Commissioners, requiring that Iustice and Iudgement, after the rule of Gods worde might be ministred vnto them. The copye of whiche theyr letter I thought here also to shew vnto the reader in forme as followeth.

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A letter or supplication of the prisoners to the Iudges.

MarginaliaA letter or request of the prisoners to the Iudges.TO the right honourable audience before whome these oure simple writinges and the confession of our fayth shall come to be read or seene, we poore prisoners being fast in bandes vpon the tryall of our faythe, whiche wee offer to bee tryed by the scritpures, pray most hartily, that for asmuch as God hath geuen you power, and strength ouer vs, as concerning our bodyes, vnder whom we submit our selues as obedient subiects in al things due, ye being officers and rulers of the people, may execute true iudgement, keepe the lawes of righteousnesse, gouerne the people according to right, and to heare the poore and helplesse in truth, and to defend their cause.

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God for his sonne Iesus Christes sake, geue you the wisedom and vnderstanding of Salomon, Dauid, Ezechias, Moyses, wyth diuers others most vertuous rulers, by whose wisedome & most godly vnderstanding, the people were iustly ruled, and gouerned in the feare of God, all wickednesse was by them ouerthrowne and beaten downe, and all godlinesse and vertue did florish and spring. O God whiche art the most hyghest, the creator & maker of all thinges, and of all men both great and small, and carest for all alike, which doest try all mens workes and imaginations, before whose iudgement seate shal come both high and low, rich and poore, we most humbly beseeche thee to put into our rulers heartes the pure loue and feare of thy name, that euen as they thē selues would be iudged, and as they shall make aunswere before thee, so to heare our causes, to iudge with mercy, and to read ouer these our requestes and confessions of our fayth, with deliberation, and a godly iudgement.

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And if any thing here seemeth to your honourable audience to be erroneous or disagreeing to the scripture, if it shall please your Lordship to heare vs patiently, whiche doe offer our selues to the scriptures, thereby to make aunswere, and to be tryed, in so doyng wee poore subiectes being in much captiuitie & bondage are most bound to pray for your noble estate and long preseruation.

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The request of these men being so iust, and theyr doctrine so sound, yet all this could not preuayle with the Bishop and other Iudges, but that Sentence shoulde haue proceeded agaynst them incontinent, had not the goodnes of the Lord better prouided for his seruauntes, then the Bishoppe had intended. For as they were now vnder the edge of the axe, ready to be condemned by sentence it was thought otherwise by the Cardinall, and some other wiser heades, fearing belike, least by the death of so many together, some disturbance might rise peraduēture among the people, and so was decreed among themselues, that rather they shuld make some submission or confessiō, such as they would themselues, and so to be sent home agayne, as they were in deed: howbeit diuers of them afterward, wer apprehended and put to deathe. But in the meane space as touching their submission which they made, this it was, as in forme here followeth.

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¶ The submission or confession of these aforesayd prisoners. 
Commentary  *  Close

A copy of this confession is among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 425, fo. 3r.

MarginaliaAn easy submission of the prisoners.BEcause our sauiour Christ at his last supper took bread and when he had geuen thankes, he brake it, and gaue it vnto his Disciples and sayde: Take, eate, this is my bodye whiche is geuen for you, this doe in the remembraunce of me:

Therefore according to the wordes of our sauioure Iesus Christ, we do beleue in the sacrament to be Christes body. And likewise he tooke the cup, gaue thankes, and gaue it to his Disciples and sayd: This is my bloud of the newe Testament which is shed for many.

Therefore likewise we do beleue that it is the bloud of Christ, according as Christes Churche dothe minister the same. Vnto the whiche Catholicke Church of Christe, we do in this, like as in all other matters submit oure selues promising therein to liue as it becommeth good chrystian men, and here in this realme to vse our selues, as it becommeth faythfull subiectes vnto our most gracious king and Queene, and to all other superiours bothe spirituall and temporall, according to our bounden dueties.

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The names of them which subscribed to this submission were these, Iohn Atkine, Alyn Symson, 

Commentary  *  Close

Alan Sympson and Helen Ewring had been indicted in 1556 for attending a conventicle outside of Colchester (Essex Record Office, Court Rolls, 122/4).

Richard George. Thomas Firefanne, William Munt, Richard Ioly Richard Gratwicke, Thomas Winsley, Richard Rothe, Richard Clerke, Stephen Glouer, Robert Colman, T. Merse, William Bongeor, Robert Bercocke, Margaret Hide, Elyn Euryng, Christian Pepper, Margaret feld, Alyce Munt, Ioane Winesley, Cysly Warren, Rose Alyn Anne Whitelocke, George Barker, Iohn Saxebye, Thomas Locker, Alyce Locker.

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¶ A story of fiue other godly Martyrs burned at one fire in Smithfield, the 12. daye of Aprill. 
Commentary  *  Close
Five Burned at Smithfield

This complete account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was based on the records of the London diocese. The opening passages of this account were deleted from the 1570 edition, otherwise this account was unchanged.

MarginaliaAprill. 12.TO proceede further in this story of persecuted martyrs next in order followe fiue other burned at London in Smithfield in the foresayd yeare of the Lord. 1557. April 12. whose names were these. Marginalia5. Martyrs.

Thomas Loseby.
Henry Ramsey.
Thomas Thyrtell.
Margaret Hyde, and
Agnes Stanley.
 

Who being, some, by the Lord Riche, some by other Iustices of peace, and Constables (their own neighbours) at the first accused, and apprehended for not comming to their parish Churches, were in the end sent vnto Boner Bish. of London, and by hys commaundement the 27. day of Ianuary, were examined before Doctour Darbyshyre, then Chauncellour to the sayd Bishop, vppon the former generall Articles mentioned, pag. 1672. MarginaliaTouching these articles read before pag. 1672.

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Aunsweres to the Articles.

MarginaliaTheir answeres to the articles.WHose aunsweres thereunto were, that as they confessed there was one true & Catholick church wherof they steadfastly beleeued, and thought the Churche of Rome to be no part or member: so in the same Churche they beleued there were but MarginaliaTwo Sacramēts onely.two sacraments, that is to say Baptisme, and the supper of the Lorde. Howbeit some of them attributed the title and honour of a sacrament, to the holy estate of Matrimony, which vndoubtedly was done rather of simple ignoraunce then of anye wilfull opinion, and are thereof to be adiudged as before is admonished.

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Moreouer, they acknowledged themselues to be Baptised into the fayth of that true Church, as in the thyrd article is specified. And here in reading, as wel of these Articles, 

Commentary  *  Close

What follows is a good statement of Foxe's distrust of official records as a source.

as also of the rest, marke I beseech you, the crafty subteltie of these Catholicke Champions, who intermitting  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 311, line 22 from the bottom

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'intermitting' to 'intermelling' in the text.} This is the reading of the first Edition, p. 1568. Nares' Glossary and Todd's Johnson furnish instances of its use from Bishop Fisher, Marston, &c. It of course means - what it has been altered into in other Editions - "intermixing."

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certayne poyntes of faith, and of the true Church, with the Idolatrous and superstitious mametry of theyr romyshe Sinagogue, cause the poore and simple people, for lacke of knowledge, oftentimes to fall into their crafty nettes.

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For after they haue made them graunt a true Churche with the Sacraments of the same, though not in such nūber as they would haue them, and also that they wer christened into the fayth thereof, that is, in the name of the Father, of the Sonne, and the holy Ghost, MarginaliaCrafty dealing of the Papistes. MarginaliaSimple ignoraunce deceiued.they craftily now in the other their obiections, descending as it were from the fayth of the Trinitie, vnto theyr Idolatrous Masse & other superstitious ceremonyes, would make them grant that now in denying thereof, they haue seuered thēselues from the fayth of the true Churche, whereunto they were Baptised, whiche is most false. For though the true lyght of Gods Gospel & holy word, was marueilously darkned and in a maner vtterly extinguished: yet the true fayth of the Trinitie, by the mercifull prouidence of God, was still preserued, and into the fayth therof were we baptised, and not into the beliefe and profession of their horrible Idolatry and vayne ceremonies.

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These things not throughly wayed by these poore, yet faythfull, and true members of Christ, caused some of them ignorauntly to graunt, that when they came to the yeares

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