Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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2011 [1987]

Queene Mary. The examination and answers of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Iune.Wood. I boast not in my selfe but in the gift of God, as Paule did: for he sayd, he beleued verily that he had þt spirit of God, makyng thereof no doubts, in the 1.to the Cor. the 7. chap. Marginalia1. Cor. 7.

Chich. It is not so, you belye the text.

Wood. If it be not so, let me be burned to morow.

Story. Thou shalt not be burned to morow, but thou shalt be burned within these 6. dayes, I promise thee.

Chich If it be so, it is wrong translated, as it is in a thousand places more.

Wood. Then one looked in a Latine Testament, and another in a Greeke Testament, and they said, it was in them both, MarginaliaWhether Paule was sure to receiue the spirite of Christ.that Paul supposed that he had the spirit of God, but he was not sure.

Chich. Euen so I hope and suppose that I haue the spirite of God, but I am not sure.

Wood. If that place be wrong trāslated, and so many places of the Bible as you say, then I may say with Christ, it cannot be auoyded, but offences must be geuen: But woe vnto them by whom they come. I may say woe vnto false Translaters. For cursed are they that adde or take away. But take you heed that you belie not the Translaters. I beleeue they had the feare of God more before their eies then you report of them. And yet if that place bee wrong translated, I can prooue places enough that Paule had the spirit of God, as I my selfe and all Gods elect haue.

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Chich. How prooue you that?

Wood. No man can beleeue that Iesus is the Lorde, but by the holy Ghost. Marginalia1. Cor. 7.First to the Corrinth. the 7. chap. I do beleeue that Iesus Christ is my redeemer, and that I shall bee saued from all my sinnes, by his death and bloudsheding, as Paule and all theApostles did, and as all faithfull people ought to do, which no man can doe without the spirite of God. And there is no damnation to thē that are in Christ Iesus: so is there no saluation to them þt are not in Christ Iesu. MarginaliaRom. 8.For he that hath not the spirit of Christ, is none of his, but is a cast away as he saith in the same text. And againe: MarginaliaRom. 8. Gal. 4. Marginalia2. Tim. 8.We haue not receyued the spirite of bondage, to feare any more, but we haue receyued the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry Abba father. The same spirit certifieth our spirites that we are the sons of God. Here are proofes enough, that Paule was sure that he had the spirite of God. Also S. Iohn sayth: He that beleeueth not that Christ is come in the flesh, is an Antichrist, & denieth both the Father and the sonne:  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 340, fn 4

"He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son," 1 John ii. "Every spirit that confesseth not that Christ is come in the flesh, is not of God," 1 John iv. - ED.

which is sinne against the holy Ghost, which shall neuer bee forgeuen in this world, nor in the world to come. Besides all this, Hee that beleeueth in God, dwelleth in God, and God in hym. 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 340, fn 5

1 John iv.

So is it impossible to beleue in God, vnlesse God dwell in vs. Oh good God, what more iniurie can be done vnto thee, then to mistrust that we haue receyued thy holy spirite by thy gift? MarginaliaThe Papistes bewray their owne blyndnes.Thus may all men see their blindnes, and whose seruants they be, as they do declare themselues both by their words and deeds.

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Story.Oh my Lord, what an heretike is this same? Why heare you hym? Sende hym to prison to his fellowes in the Marshalsee, and they shall bee dispatched within these xij. dayes.

Wood. When I heard hym say so, I reioyced greatly in my hart, desiring God if it were his will, to keepe hym in that mynd. For I looked surely to haue gone to the B. of Londons colehouse, or to Lollards tower: yea I thoght my selfe happy if I might haue gone to Lollardes tower: but it pleased God to put in the hartes of them to send me to the Marshalsee amongst our brethren and my olde prison fellowes: MarginaliaRichard Woodman glad to goe to the Marshalsey. So mercifully hath God delt with mee in easing of my burden, that I looked for. So when they perceiued that I feared not imprisonment, but rather reioyced as they well perceiued. Then said the B. Me thinkes he is not afraid of the prison.

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Wood. No, I praise the liuyng God.

Story. This is an heretike in deed. He hath the right terms of all heretikes: MarginaliaThe liuing God, is a poynt of heresie among the Catholickes.the liuing God, I pray you be there dead Gods, that you say, the liuyng God?

Wood. Be you angry with me because I speak the words which are written in the Bible? 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 340, line 6 from the bottom

The words here designated a portion of the Bible are a citation from Baruch, chap. vi. 1-5. The application of the term "Scripture" in a broad way to the Apocryphal books had become rather customary (Rivet. "Isagoge ad Scrip. Sac." cap. vii. ¶ 27), though they are not recognised as such by the Jewish Church. (Horne's Introduction, vol. i. p. 481, edit. 1846. See Bishop Marsh's Comparative View, ch. v.) But this particular passage does not furnish the expression "the living God" (Acts xiv. 15), for which Woodman quotes it to repel the charge of heresy. "Did I not tell you, my lord deputy," cries Gardiner, "how you should know a heretic? He is up with his living God, as though there were a dead God. They have nothing in their mouths, these heretics, but the Lord liveth; the lyving God: the Lord, the Lord, and nothing but the Lord." (Strype's "Memorials under Mary," ch. vii. p. 68.)
Brokes, afterwards Bishop of Gloucester, complains in the same way: "Hath not the like practise been exercised with us these fewe yeres past, by our evangelical brotherhood? Have not we bene likewise by them assaulted with the word of the Lord, urged with the word of the Lorde, pressed with the word of the Lord, ye when the Lorde (our Lord knoweth) ment nothing lesse? was other [either] ergo in pervise [parvise: a porch where disputations took place] other Alleluya at Easter ever more common than was in theyr mouthes, the worde of the Lord and God's boke?" [In a MS. poem composed on Sir John Oldcastle, preserved in the Cotton Library, there occurs:-
"It is unkindly for a knight
That should a king's castle keep,
To babble the Bible day and night
In resting time, when he should sleep."
See Mr. Sharon Turner's "Hist. of England during the Middle Ages," iii. 144, edit. 1830.] (Sermon at Paule's Crosse, Nov. xii. 1553, sign. D. 11. Imprinted by R. Caly.) On the "Seven Generations," see Mr. Russell Hall's "Errors of the Apocrypha," Lond. 1836, p. 11.

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MarginaliaStory scorneth at the holy Bible.Story. Bibble babble, bibble babble. What speakest thou of the Bible? There is no such worde written in all the Bible.

Wood. Then am I much to blame if it bee not so written: MarginaliaBaruc. 6.Behold, for the offences that you haue done, you shall bee caried away captiue by Nabuchodonoser to Babylon, and there ye shall be seuen generations: and when you be there. you shall see gods of gold, of siluer, of wood, and of stone borne before you & behynd you vpon mens shoulders, to cast out a feare among the Heathen. When you shall see all these abhominations, then say in your heart: It is the liuyng God that ought to bee worshipped. MarginaliaD. Story set to schoole in the Scriptures.Here I prooue my saying true, both that there is a liuyng God, and that there be dead Gods. Also Dauid sayth in

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his Psalmes: MarginaliaPsal. 84.My soule hath a desire and longyng to enter into the courtes of the Lord: My heart and flesh reioyce in the liuing God: with diuers other places that I coulde recite. Wherfore I meruaile that you rebuke me for speaking the truth.

Chich. I doe not deny but it is written, and is the truth, and I know it as well as you, but such is the speach of all heretikes. MarginaliaIf the liuing God in heauen doe make an heretick, what maketh thē the dead God on the Aultar.

Story. My Lord, I will tell you how you shall knowe an heretike by his words, because I haue bene more vsed to them then you haue bene: MarginaliaStoryes rule to know an hereticke that is a true Christian.that is, they will say (the Lord) and (we prayse God) and (the liuyng GOD.) By these words you shall know an heretike.

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Wood. All these wordes are written for our learnyng, and we are commanded of the Prophets to vse them daily, as this: The Lordes name be praysed frō the rising vp of the sunne vnto the goyng downe of the same. Also, As many as feare the Lord, say alwayes, the Lord be praysed.

Story. MarginaliaWhen D. Story cannot confute them by learning, he confuteth them by imprisonment.My Lord, send hym to prison, you shall do no good with hym. I will go to church and leaue you here. This is an old heretike. Wast thou neuer before me ere now?

Wood. Yes forsooth, that I haue.

Story/ Yea, I trowe so: and I sent thee to the B. of London, and he released thee, and thou promisedst him to be an honest man, and that thou wouldst be of the true Catholike church, which thou hast not fulfilled.

Wood. I promised him nothing but I haue fulfilled it. No man shall be able to prooue the contrary.

Story. Well, it will be tried well enough. My Lorde, I will take my leaue. I feare me you shall doe this man no good.

Chich. I would not haue you to vse such speach as you do, as the Lord be praysed, and the liuing God, with such like words. MarginaliaNo but if he should say: the Sacrament of the aultar, worshipped might he be: then he were a perfect Catholicke. The Lord hereticall, our Lord Catholicke with the Papistes.Can you not say as wel, our Lord, or our God, as otherwyse?

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Wood. I meruaile why you should reprooue me therefore, seeing it is the words of God? I do not refuse to saye our God, or our Lorde, when I talke the Scriptures where it is written. If I should, it must follow that I denied the wordes of God, and must needs be an heretike: but I do not. Wherefore I meruaile what you meane to finde fault therein. It seemeth to me, that you mistrust that I beleeue not as you do.

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Chich. Yea that is my meanyng in deed.

Woodman. I beleue in the liuyng God, if you doe not so, then our beliefes be not alike in deede. But if it please you to examine me vpon any perticular matter, now, or at any other tyme, I will make you answer thereto by Gods helpe.

Chich. Though you beleeue in God, I can prooue you beleeue not as you ought to do, as I can shew you by your hand writing. You haue denied þe catholike church, Wherfore he that erreth from the church, it cannot be sayde that his faith is good. MarginaliaFallacia equiuoci. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe marginal note
Foxe text Latin

Fallacia equiuoci.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

With ambiguous mistake.

He that erreth from the church, which church erreth not in in the right fayth, his fayth cannot be good in deede. Wherefore be ruled by the Church, from the whiche ye haue erred. I canne shewe you perillous things of your writing, if it should be known, but ye shall not be hurt for me, if you will come to any good order. But I promise you I would not for three thousand poūd some had so much against me, as I cā shew against you of your owne hand writing , which you cannot deny.

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Wood. I will not deny my hand by Gods helpe. For I know well, I haue written nothing at any tyme but the truth. There may be things written against me, reporting it to be myne, and yet be not: but my hand cannot well be counterfeited, there be enow that know my hand.

Chich. Do you know it your selfe if you see it?

Wood. Yea, that I do. Then he arose and fet a great bundle of writings, and opened them, and bade me come see. I looked on them, and it was my hand in deed.

Chich. How say you, is it not your owne writing?

Wood. Yes surely it is.

Chich. How say you to this, is not this your hand also?

Wood. I looked, and it was. And I said, Yes verily is it.

Chich. MarginaliaWoodman charged with his owne writinges.Well, you know what it meaneth, I dare say.

Wood. Yea, I know it very well: here is a great deale, the which I had thought had bene in my house, but I thanke God that it is here, for in this you shall try whether it be true or not. For in this is conteined all the talke that was betwixt the Commissioners and me, when I was before them fiue tymes, MarginaliaRichard Woodman 5. tymes before the Commissioners. and also before the Bishop of London diuers tymes: and I am sure, you nor they shall finde no words false therein written: and I thinke the shirifs mē when they searched my house for me, when I was taken, found this, and caried it with them, but I neuer knew it before now. But I am not sory for it, but am rather glad. For herein you may see all the wrong that I receyued at their hands, & how long I was in prisō, and how I was tossed vp and down, and how I was deliuered at length,

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