Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesLatin/Greek Translations
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Alban Langdale

Fellow of St Johns College, Cambridge (1534); BD (1544); DD (1554) (Venn). Parson of Buxted, Sussex. Chaplain to Lord Montague.

John Kingston stated that he had requested Anthony Clarke, and Alban Langdale and Anthony Brown to expose unlawful writings and books. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

Alban Langdale accused and examined several prisoners in Chichester. 1563, p. 1634, 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1815, 1583, p. 2023.

Woodman's third examination took place before Alban Langdale and Master James Gage at Montague's house, beside St Mary Overy's, Southwark, on 12 May 1557. 1570, p. 2182-88, 1576, p. 1884-89, 1583, pp. 1992-97.

Woodman's fifth examination took place before Winchester, Nicholas Harpsfield, Langdale, a fat-headed priest, and many others at St Mary Overy's church on 15 June 1557. 1563, pp. 1599-1601, 1570, pp. 2190-92, 1576, pp. 1890-92, 1583, pp. 1999-2000.

[NB: Alban Langdale was one of the Cambridge doctors appointed by the university to participate in the Oxford disputations of 1554. Foxe had in his possession the letter from the vice-chancellor and senate of Cambridge, dated 10 April 1554, authorising the seven theologians to participate in the disputation (Harley 416, fol. 39r), as well as a letter from Cambridge University to Hugh Weston dated 10 April 1554 informing him that the seven were being sent (Harley 422, fol. 101r); both letters specifically described Langdale as one of the seven theologians. But he was not active in the debates and because Foxe's informants do not mention him, he is never mentioned anywhere in Foxe's entire account of the Oxford debates.]

[Back to Top]
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Feckenham

(1518? - 1585)

Dean of St Paul's. Last abbot of Westminster. [DNB]

Feckenham was made dean of St Paul's on Midsummer's Day, 1554. 1563, p. 1151; 1570, pp. 1636 and 1760; 1576, pp. 1396 and 1551 [recte 1503]; 1583, pp. 1467 and 1587

He conversed with Thomas Hawkes in June 1554 trying to persuade him to recant. 1563, pp. 1153-54; 1570, p. 1762; 1576, p. 1505; 1583, pp. 1588-89

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference was made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

Feckenham traveled to Colchester with Bishop Bonner to try to win Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed back to catholicism. 1563, p. 1104; 1570, p. 1716; 1576, p. 1465; 1583, p. 1539.

He tried to persuade Hooper to recant after he was condemned on 29 January 1555. The effort was unsuccessful but false rumors spread that Hooper had recanted. 1563, p. 1057; 1570, p. 1680; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, p. 1507.

Feckenham was one of those who presided over an examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

He was one of those who examined first Thomas Causton, and then Thomas Higbed, in Bonner's palace on 8 March 1555. 1563, p. 1105; 1570, p. 1718; 1576, p. 1466; 1583, p. 1540.

He wrote a ballad, Caveat emptor , on the subject of the restoration of monastic lands. 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1497; 1583, p. 1559.

Feckenham received a letter from William Paulet. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He discussed eucharistic doctrine with Bartlett Green. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

Feckenham claimed that Green was converted by Peter Martyr's lectures and that Zwingli, Luther, Oecolampadius and Carolostadius could never agree doctrine. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26,, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

[In a letter that was never delivered] Bartlett Green told John Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

A letter by the thirteen prisoners reproaching Feckenham for his slander dated Feckenham's sermon as 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

Feckenham spoke up in defence of John Cheke. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Anthony Browne


Viscount Mountague 1554-92 (DNB)

Present at Stephen Gardiner's Paul's Cross Sermon of 30 September 1554 (1570, p. 1644; 1576, p 1402; 1583, p. 1473).

Sent as an ambassador to the Pope on 19 February 1555. Foxe speculates that this embassy concerned the restoration of monastic lands to the Church (1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1529).

[NB: Do not confuse this Sir Anthony Browne with the Sir Anthony Browne of Essex; they are two different people.]

Foxe occasionally refers to him as 'Lord Montacute'.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Baxhill, Baxil, Baxill


English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

[Back to Top]
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Buxsted, Buxsteede, Buxted
NGR: TQ 495 233

A parish in the hundred of Loxfield-Dorset, rape of Pevensey, county of Sussex. 1.75 miles north-north-east from Uckfield. The living is a rectory, with the perpetual curacy of Uckfield annexed, in the exempt Deanery of south Mailing, within the peculiar jurisdiction and patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury

[Back to Top]

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

[Back to Top]
2016 [1992]

Queene Mary. The second examination of Richard Woodman martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Iune.playne to me, that as Christ was the ende of all Sacrifices, so was he the beginning of the Sacramentes, willing them to be vsed in the remembraunce of him, to the worldes end.

Chichest. What, in remembraunce of hym, and not hym selfe, as his worde sayth: Take, eate, this is my body? MarginaliaThe Catholickes make the Sacrament both a signe signifying, and the thing it selfe signified.It is not the signe onely, but the thing it selfe. How say you? is it not his body, after the words be spoken by the priest? How say you? goe briefly to worke, for I can not long tary with you.

[Back to Top]

Wood. My Lord, if you will answere me to one sacramēt, I will answere you to another.

Chich. Yes, I am very well contented with that.

MarginaliaWhether the wordes onely make the Sacrament of Baptisme, without the childe there to be baptised?Wood. If you say the words of baptisme ouer the water, & there be no childe there, is there true baptisme?

Chich. No, there must be the water, the worde, and the child, and then it is baptisme.

Wood. Verye well. Then if a childe bee Baptised in the name of the Father, and of the Sonne, it is not truely baptised.

Chich. No, the childe must bee baptised in the name of the father, & of the sonne, & the holy ghost, or els it is not truly baptised.

Wood. Then there may be nothing added, nor takē away from the Sacraments: may there?

Chich. No, sayd the Bishop.

Wood. Now, my Lord, I will answere to you, if it please you.

Chich. Well, how say you: Take, eat, this is my body: is it not Christes body, as soone as the wordes be sayd?

Wood. My Lorde, I will aunswere you by your owne wordes, that you aunswered me, whith is true: MarginaliaThe word, water and childe, make Baptisme: So the word, bread and the receauer make the Sacrament of the Lordes body.the water, the word, and the childe, all these together make baptisme: the bread, wine, and the word make the Sacrament: & the eater, eating in true fayth, maketh it his body. Here I proue it is not Christes body, but to the faythfull receiuer. For he sayd: Take, eat, this is my body.

[Back to Top]

He called it not his body before eating, but after eating. And Saynt Augustine sayth: Crede, & manducasti: 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Richard Woodman, citing St. Augustine
Foxe text Latin

Crede, & manducasti.

Foxe text translation

Beleue, and thou has eaten.

Actual text of St. Augustine, In Ioan. Evang. cap. 6. tract. xxv. 12. P.L. vol. 035, Col. 1602

Utquid paras dentes et ventrem? crede, et manducasti.

Beleue, and thou hast eaten  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 351, fn 2

"Crede et manducasti." In Joh. Evang. cap. 6. tract. 25, ¶ 12. - ED.

And Saynt Iohn sayth: He that beleueth in God, dwelleth in God, and God in him: wherfore it is vnpossible to dwell in God, and to eat his body, without a true fayth.

MarginaliaThe fayth of the receiuer maketh it the body.Priest. Then the fayth of the receiuer maketh it his body, & not his word, by your saying. I pray you, what did Iudas eate?

Wood. Iudas did eat the sacrament of Christ, and the deuill withall.

Priest. He eat the body of Christ vnworthely, as S. Paule sayth.

Wood. Nay, S. Paule sayth no such thing. He speaketh not of eating of his body vnworthely, but of the sacrament vnworthely. For he sayth: Who soeuer eateth of this bread, & drinketh of this cup vnworthely, eateth and drinketh his owne damnation, because he maketh no difference of the Lordes body: and not because he eateth the Lordes body. MarginaliaIf Iudas did eate the body of Christ, thē must he be saued.If Iudas had eat Christes body, it must needes folow that Iudas is saued. For Christ sayth in the sixt of Iohn: Who so euer eateth my flesh, and drinketh my bloud, hath eternall life, and I will raise him vp agayne at the last day.

[Back to Top]

Priest. My Lord, this man is an interpreter after his own minde.

Chich. I see it is but folly to talke with you: it is but lost labour. How say you? MarginaliaWhether bread remayne in the Sacrament.Doe you not beleue, that after the wordes be sayd, there remayneth neither bread nor wyne, but the very body of Christ really make me a playne aunswere, for I will talke no more with you.

[Back to Top]

Wood. I will make you no directe aunswere, howe I beleue of the true Sacrament. MarginaliaThe true confession of Richard Woodman touching the Sacrament.I doe beleue, that if I come to receiue the Sacrament of the body and bloud of Christ, truely ministred, beleuing that Christ was borne for mee, and that he suffered death for me, and that I shall be saued from my sinnes by his bloudshedding, & so receiuing the Sacrament in that remembrannce, then I beleue I do receiue wholly Christ, God and mā, mistically by fayth: this is my beliefe.

[Back to Top]

Chich. Why then it is no body without fayth. Gods word is of no force, as you count it.

Wood. My Lorde, I haue tolde you my minde without dissimulation, & more you get not of me, without you will talke with me by the Scriptures: and if you will do so, I will beginne anew with you, & proue it more plainly thre or foure maner of wayes, that you shall not say nay to that I haue sayd, your selfe.

[Back to Top]

Then they made a geat laughing, and sayd: Thys is an Hereticke in deede, it is time he were burned: Which wordes moued my spirite, and I sayde to them: Iudge not least you be iudged. For as you iudge me, you shall be

iudged your selues. For that you call heresy, I serue God truely with, as you all shall well know, when you shalbe in hell, and haue bloud to drinke, and shalbe compelled to say for payne: MarginaliaSap. 5.This was the mā that we iested on, & whose talke we thought foolishnes, and his end to be without honour: but now we may see how he is counted among the Sayntes of GOD, and we are punished. These wordes shall you say, being in hell, if you repent not with speed, if you consent to the shedding of my bloud: wherefore looke to it, I geue you counsell.

[Back to Top]

Priest. What, you be angry, me thinkes. Now I will saye more to you, then I thought to haue done. You were at Baxill a tweluemoneth agone, & sent for the Parson & talked with him in the Churchyard, and would not goe into the church: for you sayd: it was the Idols temple. Yea I was with mine olde Lorde, when he came to the Kinges Bench to you, and you sayd many stout wordes to him.

[Back to Top]

Wood. That I sayde, I sayde: and where you sayde, I was angrye, I take God to my recorde, I am not, but am zelous in the truth, MarginaliaThe zeale of Gods spirite in Richard Woodman. & speake out of the spirite of God with chearefulnes.

Prest. The spirite of God? hough, hough, hough: thinke you that you haue the spirit of God?

Wood. I beleue surely that I haue the spirite of GOD, I praise God therfore: and you be deceiuers, mockers, and scorners before God, and be the childrē of hel, all the sort of you, as farre as I can see. And therwith came in D. Story, poynting at me with his finger, speaking to the bishop in Latin, saying at length.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaD. Story commeth in.Story, I can say nothing to him, but he is an hereticke. I haue heard you talke this houre and a halfe, and can heare no reasonablenes in him.

Wood. Iudge not, lest you be iudged, for as you iudge, you shalbe iudged your selfe.

Story. What be you a preaching? you shal preach at a stake shortly with your felowes. My Lord, trouble your self no more with him.

With these wordes, one brought woorde that the Abbot of Westminster was come to dyne with the Byshop, and many other gentlemen and women. Then there was rushing away with speed to meet him. Then sayd Doctor Story to my keeper.

MarginaliaD. Story commaundeth Richard Woodmā agayn to the Marshalsey.Story. Cary him to the Marshalsee againe, and let him be kept close, and let no body come to speake with him.

Wood. And so they departed. Then one of the priestes begon to flatter with me, and sayd: for Gods sake remember your selfe. God hath geuen you a good wit: you haue read the scriptures well, & haue borne them wel in memory: It were great pity you should do amisse.

Wood. What a flatterer be you, to say my wit is good, and that I haue red the scriptures well: & but euen now you said I was an heretike & despised me. If I be an heretike I can haue no good wit as you haue cōfessed. But I think your owne consciēce doth accuse you. God geue you grace to repent, if it be his will.

[Back to Top]

Priest. I cal it a good wit, because you are expert in all questions.

Wood. You may call it a wicked wit if it agree not with gods word. Then one cried: Away, away, here commeth strangers. So we departed, & I came againe to the Marshalsee with my Keeper.

¶ The third examination of Richard Woodman (copied with his owne hand) before D. Langdall parson of Buxted in Sussex, and Chaplaine to my Lord Montague, and M. Iames Gage, at my Lord Montagues house beside S. Mary Oueries in Southwarke, the 12. day of May, Anno. 1557.

MarginaliaThe third examination of Richard Woodman, before D. Langdale, and M. Iames Gage. May. 12.THe 12. day of May the Marshal came to the Marshalsee & sent for me to speake with him. When I came before him, & had done my dutie, he asked my name, & what countrey man I was, I shewed him both. Then he asked me when I was abroad in the city. To whom I answered, if it shal please your maistership, I was abroad in the citie on Monday was seuennight.

[Back to Top]

Marshall. What made you abroad?

Wood. The B. of Chichester sent for me to talke with mee at home at his house beside S. Nicholas shambles.

Mar. Were you abroad no otherwise then so?

Wood. No forsooth: I was neuer abroad since I was sent hither, but then. For I haue nothing to do abroad, vnlesse they send for me.

Mar. This is a marueilous matter. I promise you I was not so rebuked these 7. yeares, as I was for you within these 3. dayes. MarginaliaFalse lyes and lewde reportes.It is reported that you were abroad in the citie at certaine Tauernes, & spake seditious wordes both in the Tauernes and Streetes as you went.

Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield