Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Names and Places on this Page
George DayJohn WhiteMaurice Griffith
Person and Place Index  *  Close
George Day

(1501? - 1556)

Bishop of Chichester (1543 - 1551, 1553 - 1556) [DNB]

George Day was delivered from the Fleet 4 August 1553; he preached at Edward VI's funeral, 8 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1456).

He preached at Mary's coronation, 1 October 1553 (1570; p. 1635, 1576; p. 1395; 1583; p. 1466).

He was one of the commissioners who presided over the deprivation of John Hooper. 1563, pp. 1054-55; 1570, pp. 1678-79; 1576, pp. 1432-33; 1583, p. 1506.

Hooper wrote a letter to Day which Foxe mentions, but did not print. 1563, p. 1063; 1570, p. 1686; 1576, p. 1439; 1583, p. 1512.

Day sought to persuade Sir James Hales to submit to Gardiner and abjure his actions, if not his religious convictions. 1563, p. 1116; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p.1458; 1583, p. 1532.

On 23 February 1555 the archbishop of York (Nicholas Heath) and the bishop of Chichester (George Day) went to the Counter to speak with John Bradford. They talked for three hours. 1563, pp. 1204-08, 1570, pp. 1794-97, 1576, pp. 1532-34, 1583, pp. 1615-17.

John Bradford was asked by Heath and Day to read a book that had done Dr Crome good. 1563, p. 1208, 1570, p. 1797, 1576, 1524, 1583, p. 1617.

Day visited Gardiner in prison. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

During Philpot's twelfth examination, Worcester told Philpot that Durham and Chichester would be coming to speak with him. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

Philpot's thirteenth examination was before York, Chichester and others. 1570, p. 1996, 1576, pp. 1717-19, 1583, p. 1824-26.

The last examination of Philpot was on 16 December 1555 before Bonner and other bishops, including York, Chichester, Bath, John Harpsfield, Chadsey, Bonner, into which entered William Garret, knight, the lord mayor and the sheriff (Thomas Leigh) of London, Sir Martin Bowes, knight,. 1563, p. 1441, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

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George Day died before Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

[No relation to John Day the printer or Richard Day the martyr.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John White

(1510? - 1560)

Bishop of Lincoln (1554 - 1556), bishop of Winchester (1556 - 1559) (Fasti; DNB)

John White was created bishop of Lincoln in 1554 (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

He was the author of commendatory verses for Philip and Mary's marriage, (1563, p. 1004; 1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

On 14 February 1555 Percival Creswell, an old acqauintance of Bradford's, went to visit Bradford in prison. He offered to make suit for Bradford. He returned later, at 11 o'clock, with another man and gave Bradford a book by More, desiring him to read it. He told Bradford that the lords of York, Lincoln and Bath wished to speak with him. Then at 3 o'clock the same day, Dr Harding, the bishop of Lincoln's chaplain, went to see Bradford in prison. Harding talked of his fear for Bradford's soul, and that he himself had spoken against Peter Martir, Martin Bucer, Luther and others for their beliefs. 1563, p. 1200, 1570, pp. 1790-91, 1576, p. 1529, 1583, pp. 1612-13.

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An examination of Ridley and Latimer was conducted by White (Lincoln), Brookes (Gloucester) and Holyman (Bristol) on 30 September 1555. White, Brookes and Holyman received their commission from Cardinal Pole. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

White was present during the second private conference between Philpot and Bonner. 1563, pp. 1419-20, 1570, pp. 1982-83, 1576, pp. 1706-07, 1583, pp. 1812-13.

Thomas Benbridge was examined by John White, bishop of Winchester. 1563, p. 1667, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

John White would not be swayed by the truth of Gratwick's argument. 1570, p. 2162, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

Woodman's fourth examination took place before White (Winchester), Rochester, a certain doctor and others on 25 May 1557. 1563, pp. 1596-99, 1570, pp. 2188-90, 1576, pp. 1889-90, 1583, pp. 1997-99.

Woodman's fifth examination took place before Winchester, Nicholas Harpsfield, Langdale, a fat-headed priest, and many others at St Mary Overy's church on 15 June 1557. 1563, pp. 1599-1601, 1570, pp. 2190-92, 1576, pp. 1890-92, 1583, pp. 1999-2000.

The sixth and last examination of Woodman took place before Chichester, Roper, Nicholas Harpsfield, the fat priest, Winchester and others. He was condemned by Winchester and others.1563, 1599-1601, 1570, p. 2192-94, 1576, p. 1892-93, 1583, pp. 2000-02.

White was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

He died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Maurice Griffith

(d. 1558)

BD (1532). Bishop of Rochester (1554 - 1558). [DNB]

Maurice Griffith was created bishop of Rochester (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1487).

Bradford, in a letter to John Treves, referred to a contention between the master of Katherines Hall and the bishop of Rochester, who was master of Pembroke Hall, as to which should have Bradford as a fellow. 1583, p. 1664.

Rochester condemned Christopher Wade and Nicholas Halle 31 June 1555, and they were burned in July 1555. 1570, p. 1859, 1576, p. 1591, 1583, p. 1678.

Margaret Polley was accused and brought before Maurice Griffith, bishop of Rochester. 1570, pp. 1859-60, 1576, pp. 1591-92, 1583, p. 1679.

Nicholas Hall was condemned by Maurice Griffith, bishop of Rochester, 31 June 1555, and burned about 19 July 1555. 1570, p. 1859, 1576, p. 1591, 1583, p. 1678.

Philpot's fifth examination was before Bonner, Rochester, Coventry, St Asaph, as well as Story, Curtop, Saverson, Pendleton and others. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

Philpot stated that Cheyney and Rochester could testify to what he had said under his examination. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Philpot's seventh examination on 19 November 1555 was before Bonner, Rochester, the chancellor of Lichfield, Chadsey and John Dee. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

Joan Beach and John Harpole were examined by Maurice Griffith, bishop of Rochester. 1570, p. 2086, 1576, p. 1800, 1583, p. 1906.

Stephen Gratwick was condemned by the bishop of Winchester and the bishop of Rochester. 1570, p. 2161, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

Richard Woodman's fourth examination took place before White (Winchester), Griffith (Rochester), a certain doctor and others on 25 May 1557. 1563, pp. 1596-99, 1570, pp. 2188-90, 1576, pp. 1889-90, 1583, pp. 1997-99.

Ralph Allerton was examined on 19 May before the bishop of Rochester, Chichester and others. 1563, p. 1626, 1570, p. 2212, 1576, p. 1908, 1583, p. 2016.

William Wood offered sanctuary in his house to Walter Appleby and his wife, but within a fortnight the bishop of Rochester sent his chief man to bring them to Rochester, where they were imprisoned and later burned. 1583, p. 2145.

Maurice Griffith died after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992.

2021 [1997]

Queene Mary. Exam. and aunsweres of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Iune.For he sayd: eate, this is my body. So according to the verye worde, I doe beleue it is his bodye. Whiche wordes made them both astonied.

Lang. Why, then by your saying, Iudas eate not the body of Christ. How say you? did he not?

Wood. Nay, I ask you. Did he?

Lang I aske you.

Wood. And I aske you.

Lang. And I aske you.

Woodman. Mary and I aske you. And I bid you answer if you dare for your life. For what soeuer you aunswere: vnlesse you say as I haue sayd, you will damne your own soule. For M. Gage, I protest before God, I would you should do as well as myne owne owne soule and body: & it lamenteth my hart to see how you be deceaued with thē: they be deceauers all the sorte of them. He cannot answer to this, but either he must proue Iudas to be saued, or els he must proue that it is no bodye before it bee receiued in fayth, as dou shall well perceiue by Gods helpe, if he dare to aunswere the question.

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Gage. Yes, I dare say he dareth. What? you neede not to threaten him so.

Wood. Then let him aunswere if he can.

Then he sayd he knew what I woulde say to him: MarginaliaD. Langdale afrayd to aunswere to Richard Woodman.therefore he was much in doubt to answere the question.

Lang. Mayster Gage, I will tell you in your eare what words he will aunswere me, or euer I speake to him.

Wood. Then he told M. Gage, a tale in his eare, & sayde:

Lang. I haue told M. Gage what you will say.

Gage. Yea, and I will tell the truth for both parties.

Wood Well, how say you? did Iudas eate þe body of christ or not?

Lang Yea, I say Iudas did eate the body of Christ.

MarginaliaThe Catholicks hold that Iudas did eate the body of Christ.
Who so euer eateth the fleshe of Christ hath euerlasting lyfe. Iohn. 6.
Iudas did eate the fleshe of Christ:
Ergo, Iudas hath euerlasting lyfe.
Wood. Then it must needes followe, That Iudas hath euerlasting life. For Christ sayth in the 6. of Iohn: Who so eateth my fleshe and drinketh my bloud: hath eternall lyfe, and I will rayse him vp at the last day. If Iudas did eate Chrystes body, I am sure you cannot deny but that he did both eat hys flesh, and drynke his bloud, and then is Iudas saued by Christes owne wordes. Therefore nowe you are compelled to say that it was not christes body, or els that Iudas is saued.

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Gage. Surely these be the verye wordes that M.D. tolde me in mine eare, that you would say to hym.

Wood. Well, let vs see, how well he can auoyd this argument.

Lang. Iudas is damned, and yet he eate the body of christ: but he eate it vnworthely, and therefore he is damned:

Wood. Where finde you that Iudas did eate the bodye of Christ vnworthely?

MarginaliaS. Paules words misalleaged by D. Langdale.Lang. They be S. Paules wordes. i. Corinth. xi. chap.

Wood. M. Gage, I desire you for gods sake marke my wordes well what I saye. If S. Paule speake anye suche wordes there or in anye other place, if there be anye suche wordes written in al the whole Bible, that euer any man eate the bodye of Christ vnworthely, then say that I am the falsest man that euer you heard speake with tongue. But in deede these be the wordes of S. Paule: Marginalia1. Cor. 11.Who so eateth of this bread, and drinketh of this cuppe vnworthely, eateth and drinketh his owne damnation: because hee maketh no difference of the Lordes body: MarginaliaMaking no difference of the Lordes body expounded.that is, because hee presumeth to eat the sacrament of the Lordes body without fayth, making no difference betwixt the sacrament and other bread and drynke: And that is S. Paules meaning, and not that any man doth or can eate the body of Christ * Marginalia* Christ speaketh of eating his fleshe simply, without any determination of vnworthynes: that is simply who soeuer beleueth in Christ he shalbe saued neyther is any vnworthines in beleeuing in Christ. vnworthely. For who soeuer eateth the body of christ, hath euerlasting life, as is aforesayd in the 6. of Iohn. With which wordes one came from them to come to dinner in all the hast.

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Gage. I am sory. I woulde fayne heare more of this talke but we shall haue an other day wel inough.

Lang. Nay M. Gage, I will neuer talke with him more: he is the vnreasonablest man that euer I talked wyth in all my life.

Wood. Then M. Gage put of hys cappe and desired hym þt he would not refuse to talk wt me, and that it might not bee greeuous to hym. For he sayde: wee wyll seeke al the meanes possible to make him an honest man, and to keepe him from burning, if we coulde. For if my brother and I had not bene, he had bene burned ere this tyme. Thē there was great curtisie betwixt them.

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MarginaliaNote well the working of this mans charitye, to doe for a man more at request, then for any compassion of the partye.Lang. Sir, for your sake, & for my mayster your brothers sakes and for his fathers sake, and other of his fryendes sakes, that haue spoken to me many tymes with weeping teares, I will doe the best to hym that I can: but for no loue nor fauour that I beare to him. I tell you truth.

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Gage. Woodman, you heare what M. D. sayth. When wyl you come agayne?

Wood. Euen when you will send for me. For I am a pry-

soner, and cannot come when I woulde. Or if I shoulde desire to come, it will cost me money, and I haue none to geue: but if you send for me, it shall cost me none.

Gage. Well, I will send for you on Friday or Saterdaye, at the farthest: for to morow I must ride forth of towne & I would fayne heare your talke.

Wood. Sir I would be very glad you should heare oure talke alway, and I trust in God you shall heare me say no thing, but the word of God shall be my warrant. So M. Gage tooke his leaue and went his way to his lodgyng, which was right in my way as I went vnto prisonward agayne: and when hee came without my Lorde Mountagues gates: there we met with one Hode of Buxted, a Smith. Then sayd M. Gage.

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Gage. Woodman, I had forgot one thing, that Hode hath brought me in remembrance of as soone as I saw hym, for hee heard when the tale was tolde me.

Gage. Hode, did not you heare when Smith of Framfield tolde me that hee sawe Woodman abroad in the Cittie at libertie?

Hoode. Yea forsooth, that I did.

Gage. Yea surely, and I was very glad, for I had wel hoped you had bene conformable. But I heard otherwise afterward agayne, that you had leaue of the keeper to go abroad and speake openly in the streetes, as you went vpp and downe.

Wood. In deede so the Marshall told me to day. MarginaliaLewde tales and false lyes raysed vpon Woodman.But in deed I was neuer abroad since I came to prison, but whē I was sent for, and in deede the same time I was abroad with my keeper, comming from the Bysh. and as I was comming, euen not farre from þe Marshalsey, I saw goodman Smith, stād in a Wayne vnlading of Cheese & I asked him how he did, euen as I went by and neuer stayed for the matter, and therupon it did rise. So I departed frō them, with my keeper to the Marshalsea agayne, where I now am mery I prayse God therefore, as a sheepe appoynted to be slayne.

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The fourthe examination of Richard Woodman, had before the Byshop of Winchester, the Byshop of Rochester, and a certayn Doctour, with diuers other Priests and Gentlemen, the xxv. day of May. Anno. 1557.

Woodman. MarginaliaThe 4. examination of Richard Woodman before the Byshop of Winchester. &c.I Was fet from the Marshalsea to the sayd Byshops and Priestes, sitting in S. Georges Churche in Southwark by one of the Marshals men and one of the Sheriffes mē, When I came before them, and had done my duty to them as nigh as I could, then sayd the Bishop of Winchester.

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Winchester. What is your name?

Wood. My name is Richard Woodman forsooth?

Winchester. Ah Woodman, you were taken and apprehended for heresie 

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This was incorrect, as Woodman will point out, he was arrested for interrupting a priest giving a sermon.

about a three yeares agone, and were sente to prison in the kinges Bench, and there remayned a long time. Mine MarginaliaThis olde Byshop of Chichester was Doct. Daye.olde Lorde of Chichester, being a learned famous man well knowne in this realme of England, and almost throughout all Christendome. I thinke came to prison to you, and there, and at other places, called you before him diuers times, trauayling and perswading with you many wayes (because hee was your Ordinary) to plucke you from your heresies that you held, but he coulde by no meanes aduertise you.

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Wherupon you were deliuered to the Commissioners and they could do no good with you neyther. Then they sent you vnto my Lord of Lond. My Lorde of Lond. calling you before him diuers times, labour was made vnto him of your frendes, that you might be released. My Lord hauing a good hope in you, that you woulde become an honest man, because he had heard so of you in tymes past, yea & you your selfe promising him þt you would go home and recant your heresies that you held, deliuered you: MarginaliaVntrue. For B. Boner deliuered him of his owne accorde at the burning of Philpot, vpon other causes. sending also a letter of your recantation to the Commissary þt he should see it done.  

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Bishop White mistakenly assumed that because Woodman was released, he must have recanted. Actually Woodman was released because of a technicality.

But as soone as you were out of his hands, you were as bad as euer you were, MarginaliaFalse and vntrue. & would neuer fulfill your promise, but haue hid your selfe in the woodes Bushes, Dennes & Caues, and thus haue continued euer since, til it was now of late. Thē þe Sheriffe of that Shyre (being a worshipfull man) hearing thereof, sent certayn of his mē, & took you in a wood, & so caried you to his house. I cannot tell his name. What is your Sheriffes name?

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Wood. Forsooth his name is MarginaliaSyr Edward Gage Shrieffe of Sussex.sir Edward Gage.

Winc. Well, you were apprehended for heresie, and beyng at M. Gages three weekes or more, yee were gentlye entreated there, he and other Gentlemen perswading wyth you diuers tymes, little preuayled.

Then you appealed to the Bishop of Chichester that now is. The Sheriffe like a worshipfull man sent you to

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