Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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2022 [1998]

Queene Mary. The fourth examination of Richard Woodman martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Iune.him, and he hath trauelled with you, and other also, & can do no good with you, whereupon we haue sent for you.Wood. Then I spake to him. For I thought he would be long, before hee woulde make an end. I thought hee was a yeare in telling of those lyes þt he had told there agaynst me already. Yea I kept silence from good wordes: but it was great payne and griefe vnto me (as Dauid sayd.)

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At length the fire was so kindled within my hart, that I could not chuse but speake with my tongue: for I feared least any of the company shoulde haue departed or euer I had answered to his lyes, and so the Gospell to haue bene sclaundered by my long silence keeping. So I spake I prayse God therefore, and sayd: my Lorde, I pray you let me now answere for my selfe, for it is time.

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Winchest. I permit you to answere to these things that I haue sayd.

Wood. I thanke God therfore. And I thinke my self happy (as Paule sayd when hee was brought before king Agrippa) þt I may this day aunswere for my selfe. My Lord I promise you there is neuer a worde of youre sayinges true that you haue alledged agaynst me.

Winch. I can not tell, but thus it is reported of you. As for me, I neuer did see you before this day: but I am sure it is not all lyes that I haue sayd, as you report:

MarginaliaWoodman charged with false matter.Wood. Yes my Lord, there is neuer a true worde of that you sayd. And further, where you sayd you neuer sawe me before this day, you haue both heard me, and seene me, I dare say, before this day.

Winchester. I thinke I heard you in deede on Sondaye where you playd the malapart fellow: but I cannot tell þt I sawe you. But I pray you, were you not taken in the woodes by the Sheriffes men?

Wood. No sure, I was taken besides my house, I beyng in my house when they came, wherefore that is not true,

Winchester. Were not you at the Sheriffes 3. weekes.

Wood. Yes that I was, a moneth iust, and was gently entreated of him, I can say no otherwise: for I had meat and drinke inough, and fayre wordes.

Winch. Ah. I am well appayd: it is not all lyes then, as it chaunced. For I spake, but of three weekes, and you confesse a moneth your selfe.

Woodman. Yet your tale is neuer the truer for that. For you sayd I was there three weekes for heresie, the whiche is not so. For I was not apprehended for heresie at þe first, 

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Woodman is saying - accurately - that he was not initially arrested for heresy.

neither did mine olde Lorde of Chichester trauayle wyth me to pull me from heresie, as you sayde: for I helde none then, neyther do I now, as God knoweth neither was I sent to the Commissioners nor to the Bishop of London for heresie, neyther was I deliuered to him for anye suche thing, nor promised him to recant, as you say I dyd. Wherefore I maruaile you be not ashamed to tel so may lyes, beyng a Byshoppe that should be an ensample to other.

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MarginaliaWinchester swift in iudging.Winch. Lo, what an arrogant hereticke this same is. He will deny God: for he that denyeth his owne hand denieth God.

Wood. My Lord, iudge not least you be iudged your selfe. For as you haue iudged me, you shalbe iudged, if you repent not. MarginaliaRichard Woodman cleareth himselfe of recantation.And if I haue set my hand to anye recantation, let it be seene to my shame, before this audience: For I wil neuer deny myne owne hand, by Gods helpe.

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Win. It is not here now, but I thinke it will be had wel enough: but if it cannot be found, by whom will you bee tryed.

Wood. Euen by my Lord of London: MarginaliaThe honest dealing of B. Boner with Woodman herein.for he delt like a good man with me in that matter that I was sente to pryson for.

For it was vppon the breache of a Statute, as Mayster Sheriffe here can tell. For he was Sheriffe then, as hee is now, & can tell you how I was tossed vp and downe, frō Sessions to Sessions: and because I would not consent þt I had offended therein, they sent me to prison agayn.

Then my Lorde of Chichester MarginaliaThis was Doct. Day. being myne Ordinary, and I being his tenaunt: came to me, to perswade wyth me that I should haue consented, to them, and to finde my selfe in fault, where I was in none. To þe which I would not agree, but I desired him that he would see me released of my wrong but he said he could not, but willed me or my frendes to speake to the Commissioners for me, because it was a temporall matter: and when I came before them, they sent me to my Lord of London, MarginaliaThe cause and maner how Woodman was deliuered by B. Boner.and my Lord of London was certified by the handes of almost thirty mē, both Esquiers, Gentlemen, and Yeomen, the chiefest in all the country where I dwelt, that I had not offended in þe matter that I was sent to prison for. Whereupon he deliuered me, not willing me to recant heresies, for I helde none (as God knoweth) neither do I nowe: nor I knowe not wherefore I was sent to prison, no more then anye man

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here knoweth: for I was taken away from my worke.

Winch. No? wherefore appealed you then to my Lorde of Chichester, if it were not for heresie?

MarginaliaWherefore Woodman appealed to his Ordinary.Wood. Because there was layde to my charge that I had Baptised children, and maried folkes, the whiche I neuer did, for I was no where Minister. Wherfore I appealed to mine Ordinarye, 

Commentary  *  Close

I.e., the bishop of the diocese in which an accused heretic lived. The ordinary had sole jurisdiction to try someone for heresy.

to purge my selfe thereof as I haue. Wherfore if any man haue any thing agaynst me, let them speake, for I came not hither to accuse my selfe, neyther will I.

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Winch. Mayster Sheriffe, can you tell vpon what breache of Statute he was sent to prison first?

The Sheriffe. Yea forsooth my Lord that I can.

Wood. My Lord, if you will geue me leaue, I will shewe you the whole matter.

Winch. Nay, M. Sheriffe, I pray you tell the matter, seeing you know it.

MarginaliaThe cause why Woodman was first apprehended.The Sheriffe. My Lord it was for speaking to a Curate in the Pulpit, as I remember.

Winc. Ah, like enough, that he would not sticke to reproue a Curate. For did you not see how he fashioned himselfe to speake to me in the Pulpit on Sonday? You played þe maliperte fellowe with me, and therfore it was no great maruell though he played that part with an other.

Woodman. Why, you will not blame me for that, I am sure. For we spake for no other cause, but to purge oure selues of those heresies that you layd to our charge. For these were your wordes: MarginaliaRich. Woodman and his fellowe prisoners falsely accused and belied of the B. of Winchester in the pulpit.Good people, these men that bee brought before vs, being here, deny Christ to be God, and the holy Ghost to be GOD (poynting to vs with youre left hand) the whiche might seeme to the whole audience, that you ment vs all. Wherefore to cleare our selues therof, we spake, and sayd we held no such thing. And you sayd you would cut out our tongues. But I am sure you haue no such law.

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Win. Yes, that we haue, if you blaspheme, and as it chaunced, I found such amongest you.

Wood. In deede, after we spake, you declared who they were, but not before, for you spake generally. Wherefore we blasphemed not, but purged our selues.

MarginaliaSpeaking to the curate in the pulpit made heresie.Winch. But I pray you, how can you purge your selfe for speaking to the Curate that it is not heresie?

Wood. Forsooth these be the wordes of the Statute: Who so euer doth interrupt anye preacher or preachers, lawfully authorised by the Queenes Maiestie, or by any other lawfull Ordinary, that all such shall suffer three monthes imprisonment, and furthermore be brought to the quarter Sessions, there (being sory for the same) to be released vpon his goodabering one whole yeare. MarginaliaWoodman cleareth himselfe from breach of the Statute.But I had not so offended as it was well proued. For hee that I spake too, was not lawfully authorised, nor hadde not put away his wife. Wherefore it was not lawfull for him to preache by your owne lawe, and therefore I brake not the Statute, though I spake to him.

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Winch. I am glad. I perceaue thys man speaketh against Priestes Maryages, hee is not contented with Pryestes that haue wiues. MarginaliaNote the prety shift of this Catholick Prelate.He is honester man, then I tooke hym for, M. Sheriffe, haue him away. I am glad he loueth not Priestes Mariages.

Wood. Then I would haue aunswered to hys sayinges, but he would in no wise heare me, but bad þe Sheriffe haue me away. So the Sheriffe took me by the hand, & plucked me away, and would not let me speake, but goyng out of the Chauncell dore, I sayd: I would shew him the whole matter, if he would haue geuen me leaue, but seeing he wil not, if he will let me go so, they shall see whether I wyll not goe home to my wife and children, and keepe them as my bounden duety is, by the helpe of God. So I was sent to the Marshalsea agayne, where I now am mery, I prayse God therefore, as a sheepe appoynted to be slayne.

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Moreouer, I was credibly enformed by one of oure brethren that heard our talke, that the Byshop sayd when I was gone, þt they would take me whilest I was somewhat good. Which wordes seemed to many of the people that were there, that I spake agaynst priestes Maryages, but I did not, but did not onely aunswere to suche questyons as he asked me, as you shall perceaue wel by þe words if you marke them, which wordes were these.

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How can you purge yourself from heresie, for talking to the Curate in the Pulpit, and not offende the Statute, sayd the Bishops? MarginaliaWoodmā falsly taken to speake agaynst Priestes mariage. A Priest keping his wyfe yet would needes hold agayne with Papistry.meaning thereby I thinke to haue taken vauntage of my wordes: but it was not Gods will þt he should at that tyme. For I aunswered hym by þe words of the Statute, which wordes bee as hereafter followeth (that is): whosoeuer doth interrupt any preacher, or preachers lawfully authorised by the Queenes Maiestie, or by any other lawfull Ordinary, that all such shall suffer three monthes imprisonment. But I proued that this mā was

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