Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Queene Mary. The examinations and aunsweres of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Iune-not lawfully authorised to preach (by their owne law) because he had not put away his wife. For their law is, that no Priest may say Masse, nor preach with the Masse, but he must first be separated from his wife. MarginaliaA Priest keping his wyfe yet would needes hold agayne with Papistry.That is because honest Maryages be good and commendable, and theyrs nought and abhominable, therefore they cannot dwell together.

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Now, I geue you al to vnderstand, 

Commentary  *  Close

Woodman is anxious to deny rumours that he had denounced clerical marriage. These rumours arose because Woodman's defense against the charge that he had interrupted a priest during the preaching of the sermon was that the priest was not legitimate because he was married. This, by the way, is another indication that Woodman's accounts of his examinations were directed to fellowprotestants.

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that I did not reproue this Priest hecause he had a wife, but because hee taught false doctrine, which greeued my soule, because hee had bene a feruent Preacher agaynst the Masse and all the Idolatry therof seuen yeares before, and then came & held with it agayne: for the which cause I reproued him in the Pulpit. And the words that I spake to him are written in diuers of my examinations of my first imprisonment for that same. But in very deede, I knew not of the Statute when I reproued him. MarginaliaRichard Woodman sauing him selfe from his enemyes by theyr owne lawe.But because I was sent to prison vpon the breache of it, I bought a Statute booke, & when I had perused it, I perceiue I had not offended by theyr owne lawe: and therefore still when I was called to aunswere, I aunswered them with their owne lawe. But yet they kept me in prison a yeare and almost three quarters or euer I was released. I was at mine aunswere for that eighten times. If any thinke I doe not allow Bishoppes and priestes mariages, let them looke in my first examination before the Bishop of Chichester that nowe is, duryng this my imprisonment, and there they shall finde what I haue found in the matter. The truth is, I looked to be cōdemned with my brother that same day. But we may also see that they can do nothing but as God will permit them to do. But when the time is full come, I trust in God, I shall runne that ioyfull race that my brethren haue done. Thus I commit you all into the handes of God, who is þe preseruer, defender, and keeper of all his electe for euermore. Amen.

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The fift examination of Richard Woodman, had before the Bishop of Winchester, the Archdeacon of Cant. Doct. Langdale, with a fat headed Priest and other whose names I know not, with certain also of the Cōmissioners, at S. Maryes Oueries church in Southwarke, in the presence, of three C. people at the least, the xv. day of Iune. An. 1557.

MarginaliaThe fift examination of Richard Woodmā, before the B. of Winchester, and diuers other. Iune. 15. Anno. 1557.WInchester. Woodman, you were before vs the last day and would not be acknowne  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 367, line 7

i. e. acknowledge. This word occurs in Tyndales's version of Rom. i. 28: "And as it seemed not good unto them to be aknowen of God;" and in Sir Thomas More's Confutation: "His father and his mother he wold not be a knowen of what they were; they were some so good folk of likelihood, that he could not abide the glory. He wold not be a knowen that himself was Priest." In the Paston Letters, also, we have, "and yet he will not be aknowyn;" vol. ii. 139, ed. 1841.

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in anye wise that you were sent to prison for heresie, and called for your accusers and stoode stoutly in defending of your selfe, and in youre departing I had thought you had spoken agaynst priestes Mariages, thinking by youre wordes wee shoulde haue found you an honest man, and conformable when we had called you before vs agayne. You tolde such a fayre tale for your selfe, as though you had bene free from all that was layd to your charge. For you sayde it was all lyes that I tolde agaynst you: but since I haue proued the contrarye, as here is your owne hand to shew. By the which I haue proued that you reproued not the priest for lacking of authoritie, and because he had not put away his wife, but because you liked not hys preaching. For in deede I tooke it that you reproued him for because hee was not lawfully authorised, but I haue proued the contrary since.

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Wood. I told you not that I did either reproue hym for lacke of authoritie, or because I liked not his preachynge, but I told you wherefore I was first sent to prison. For you sayd I was sēt to prison for heresie, & made a long tale agaynst me. And in deede I told you that there was neuer a word of your sayinges true, but was all lyes, as it was in deed. For I neuer was sent to prison for heresie, neither held I any then, nor do now. I take heauen and earthe to witnesse, but I tolde you I was sent to prison vppon the breach of a Statute, which was for speaking to a Priest in the Pulpit, and for that cause the Iustices of that country had thought I had offended the Statute, and called me before them, and would haue had me to haue bene bound to my good abearing, and because I refused it, they sent me to prisō. And these be þe wordes of the Statute, as I told you þe last day. MarginaliaThe wordes of the statute.If any man do interrupt any preacher or preachers, lawfully authorised by the Queenes Maiestie, or by any other lawfull Ordinary, that then euery partie that so offendeth, shall suffer three monthes imprisonment, and furthermore be brought to the quarter Sessions, and there being sorye for the same, aad also bound for his goodabearing, one whole yeare, to be released, or els to remayne to prison agayne.

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MarginaliaNo breach of this Statute, & why.And when I was in prison, I bought a Statute book which when I had perused ouer, I founde by the wordes therof that I had not offēded, because he was not lawfully authorised, as the Bishop of London was certified by

the handes almost of xxx. men: both Esquiers, Gentlemen and Yeomen, the chiefest in all that Countrey. For he had not put away his wife, and therefore the Statute took no place on me, as I told you the other daye. Wherefore my Lord of London seeing me hauing so muche wrong, dyd like a good man to me in that matter, & released me. Now when I had tolde you this matter, you bad the Sheriffe haue me away: You sayd you were glad I helde agaynst Priestes Mariages, because I aunswered to the question you asked me.

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MarginaliaThe Priest scanneth vpon the meaning of Woodman.The fat Priest. My Lord, do you not heare what he sayth by my Lord of London? He sayth he is a good man in that he released him, but he meaneth that hee is good in nothyng els.

Wood. What? can you tell what I meane? let euerye man say as he findeth: he did iustly to me in that matter. I saye if he be not good in any thing els, as you say, he shal aunswere for it, and not I: for I haue nothing to doe wyth other mens matters.

Winc. Well, how say you? howe liked you his preaching? I pray you tell vs.

MarginaliaSee how neerly these men seeke matter agaynst him whereby to trap him.Wood. That is no matter how I liked it. How soeuer I liked it, I offended not the Statute. Wherefore you haue nothing to say to me for that I am sure.

Winc. Well, how like you this then? Here is youre owne hand writing: I am sure you will not denye it. Will you looke on it?

Wood. It is mine owne handy worke in deede, the which by Gods helpe I will neuer denye, nor neuer did yet, I prayse God therefore.

Winchester. And heare is good geare I tell you. I praye you harken wel to it: these be the wordes, before the Commissioners. How say you? Doe you not beleeue, as soone as the wordes be spoken by the Priest, that there remayneth neyther bread nor wyne, but onely the verye bodye of Christ, both flesh and bloud as he was borne of the virgine Mary? these were the wordes of the Commissioners.

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And then thou saydest: thou durst not saye otherwise then the scripture sayth. I cannot finde (sayde you) that it is the body of Christ before it is receaued by fayth, bringing in the xxii. of Luke, saying: MarginaliaLuke. 22. Woodman charged with his aunsweres before the Commissioners at his last examination.Christe sayde, take, eate, this is my body: so I cannot proue that it is his bodye before it is eaten. Then sayd the Commissioners: did not Iudas eate Christes body? And if you can proue that Iudas is saued (sayd you) I must graunt that he eate his body. For christ sayth in the sixt of Iohn: Who so eateth my fleshe and drynketh my bloud, hath eternall lyfe, and I will rayse hym vp at the last day: which words prooue (said you) that if Iudas eate the body of Christ, he must needes be saued. How say you now? did Iudas eate the body of Christ, or no?

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Wood. Then I perceiued they went about nothyng but to catch words of me in his Dioces, to condemn me with. MarginaliaD. White B. of Winchester bent to haue the bloud of Woodman. Though I should confound him neuer so much, I perceiued that he was fully bent thereto. To whom I answered and sayd:

I will answer you to no such thing, for I am none of your Dioces: Wherfore I will not answer to you.

Winchester. Thou art within my Diocesse, and thou hast offended within my Dioces: and therefore I will haue to do with thee.

MarginaliaRichard Woodman appealeth from the B. of Winchester, to his owne Ordinary.Wood. Haue to do with me and you will: but I wil haue nothing to do with you. I tell you plainly: For though I be now in your Dioces, I haue not offended in your dioces: if I haue, shew me wherein.

Winc. Mary here is thine owne hand writyng, the which thou affirmedst in my Dioces.

Wood. I do not deny, but it is myne owne hand writing: but that prooueth neuer the more that I haue offended in your Diocesse: for that doth but declare what talke there was betwixt the Commissioners and me, the which you haue nothing to do withall.

Winchest. No? hold hym a booke, and thou shalt sweare, whether thou holdest it now or not, & whether thou wrotest it not in my Dioces, as I thinke thou didst: Lay thy hand on the booke.

MarginaliaWoodman refuseth to sweare or aunswere before Winchester being not his Ordinary.Wood. I wil not be sworne for you: for I am not of your Dioces, and therfore you haue nothyng to doe with mee. And as for the writing of that same, I neuer wrote worde of it in your Dioces.

Lang. No? did you not? my Lord let me see: I wyll finde where you wrote it.

Wood. Then he tooke it & looked on it, and anone he found that I was sent for out of the Kings bench, to come before the Commissioners.

Lang. My Lord, here you may see it was in the Kinges Bench, the which is in your Dioces. 

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The King's Bench prison was in Southwark which was part of the diocese of Winchester. Langdale is trying to argue that if Woodman wrote a heretical document in the diocese of Winchester, that he could be tried by the bishop of Winchester.

Wood. Although I were fet out of the Kings Bench, that

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