Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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2026 [2002]

Queene Mary. The examination and aunsweres of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. Iune.Lord Cardinall may put whom he wil in the Bishops office, vntill he is consecrated.

Wood. I know not so much. If you will geue me time to learne the trueth of it (if I can proue it be as you saye) I will tell you my mind in any thing that he shall demaūd of me, without any flattering.

Priest. My Lord and all we tell thee it is true: & therefore aunswere to him.

Wood. I will beleue none of you all, MarginaliaRichard Woodman chalengeth his Iudges to be all turnecoates & chaungelinges.for you be turne coates, & chaungelinges, & be wauering minded, as sayth S. Iames: you be neither hoate nor colde, as sayth S. Iohn, therfore God will spue you out of his mouth. Wherfore I can beleue none of you all, I tell you truth.

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Winchest. What? be we turne coates and chaungelinges? what meanest thou by that?

Wood. I meane that in king Edwardes time you taught the doctrine that was set forth then, euery one of you, and now you teach the contrary: and therfore I call you turne coates, and chaungelinges, as I may well enough. Which wordes made the most part of them to quake.

Winc. Nay, not at all, as it chaunced.

Wood No. I pray you where were you then?

Winch. I was in the Tower, as the Lieutenaunt wyll beare me record.

Wood. If you were in the Tower, it was not therefore, I dare say: it was for some other matter.

Thē they tooke all hart of grace,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 373, middle

The common explanation of this phrase, "to take encouragement," "to pluck up," hardly suits the present passage. "Heart of grass" is the form in which it sometimes appears: see Nares' Glossary on both forms.

and sayd: my Lord, he cōmeth to examine you, we think: if he will not answere to the Articles, you were best to excommunicate him.

Winch. He is the naughtiest verlet hereticke, that euer I knew. I will read the sentence agaynst him.

Wood. Then they spake all at once: and I aunswered then as fast as I could. But I can not remember it all, MarginaliaThe free speach of Woodman to the Byshops and Priestes.the wordes came out so thicke, & that I spared them not (I prayse God therfore) for I spake freely.

Then they that stood by, rebuked me, & sayd: you cā not tell to whom you speake I thinke.

Wood. No? thinke you so? they be but men, I am sure I haue spoken to as good as they bee, and better then they will euer be, for any thing that I can see, if they repent not with speed.

MarginaliaWinchester about to read the Sentence.Winc. Geue eare: for I will read sentence agaynst you.

Wood. Will you so? wherefore will you? you haue no iuste cause to excommunicate me: and therefore if you doe condemne me you wilbe condemned in hell, if you repent not: and I prayse God. I am not afrayd to dye for Gods sake, if I had a hundred liues.

Winch. For Gods sake? nay for the Deuilles sake. Thou sayest thou art not afrayde to dye: No more was Iudas that hanged himselfe, as thou wilt kill thy selfe wilfully, be cause thou wilt not be ruled.

Wood. Nay, I defye the deuill, Iudas and all their members. And Iudas flesh was not afrayd, but his spirite and conscience was afrayde, and therefore despayred, and hong himselfe. But I prayse God, I feele no lothsomnes in my flesh to dye, but a ioyfull conscience and a willing mynde thereto. Wherfore my flesh is subdued to it, I prayse God: and therfore I am not afrayd of death.

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Chichester. Woodman, for Gods sake be ruled. You know what you sayd to me at my house. I coulde say more if I would.

Wood. Say what you can: the most fault that you founde in me was, MarginaliaRead in the first examination of Woodman pag. in the 2. edition 2176.because I praysed the liuing God, and because I sayd, I prayse God, and the Lorde: which you ought to be ashamed of, if you haue any grace, for I told you where the wordes were written.

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Winc. Well: how say you? will you confesse that Iudas receiued the body of Christ vnworthely? tell me playnely.

Wood. My Lord, if you, or any of you all can proue before all this audience, in all the bible, MarginaliaNo man can receiue the body of Christ vnworthely.that any man euer eat the body of Christ vnworthely, then I will be with you in all thinges that you will demaund of me: of the which matter I desire all this people to be witnes.

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Priest. Will you so? then we shall agree well enough, S. Paule sayth so.

Woodman. I pray you where sayeth he so? rehearse the wordes.

Priest In the xi. of the first to the Corinthians, he sayeth: Marginalia1. Cor. 11.Who so eateth of this bread, and drinketh of this cup vnworthely, eateth and drinketh his owne damnation, because he maketh no difference of the Lordes body.

Wood. Doth these wordes proue that Iudas eat the body of Christ vnworthely? I pray you let me see them. They were contēted. Then said I: these be the wordes euen that you sayd. Good people, harken well vnto them: MarginaliaThe place of S. Paule 1. Cor. 11. expounded.Who so eateth of this bread, & drinketh of this cup vnworthely: He sayth not, who so eateth of this body vnworthely, or drinketh of this bloude vnworthely. But hee sayeth: Who so eateth of this

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bread, and drinketh of this cuppe vnworthely (which is the sacrament) eateth and drinketh his owne damnation, MarginaliaWhat it meaneth to make no difference of the Lordes body.because he maketh no difference of the sacrament which representeth the Lordes body, and other bread and drinke. Here good people, you may all see they are not able to proue their sayinges true. Wherefore I can not beleue them in any thing that they do.

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Winc. Thou art a rancke hereticke in deed. Art thou an expounder? Now I will read sentence agaynst thee.

Wood. Iudge not leaste you be iudged. For as you haue iudged me, you be your selfe. Then he read the Sentence. Why, sayd I? MarginaliaWinchester readeth sentence against Woodmā and cannot tell wherefore.Will you read the Sentence agaynst me, and can not tell wherfore.?

Winc. Thou art an hereticke, and therefore thou shalt be excommunicated.

Wood. I am no heretick, I take heauē & earth to witnes, I defie all heretickes: and if you condemne me, you wilbe damned, if you repēt it not. But God geue you grace to repent all if it be his will: MarginaliaRichard Woodman condemned & caryed to the Marshalsey, being not suffered to speake.and so he read forth the sentence in latin, but what he said, God knoweth, and not I. God be iudge betwene thē & me. Whē he had done, I would haue talked my mind to thē, but they cried away, away wt hym. So I was caried to þe Marshalsea againe, where I am, & shalbe as long as it shall please God: & I prayse god most hartely, þt euer he hath elected, & predestinated me to come to so high dignity, as to beare rebuke for his names sake: his name be praysed therfore, for euer and euer. Amen.

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And thus haue you the Examinations of thys blessed Woodman, or rather Goodman: wherein may appeare as well the great grace and wisedome of God in that man, as also the grosse ignorance and barbarous cruelty of his aduersaries, especially of Doct. White bishop of Winchester. Now foloweth likewise the effect of his Letter.

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A godly Letter of Richard Woodman written to a Christian woman Mistres Robertes of Hawkhurst. 
Commentary  *  Close

Part of this letter survives in manuscript in Foxe's papers as BL, Harley MS 425, fo. 104r-v.

GRace, mercy, and peace from God the father, and from hys sonne our alone Sauiour Iesus Christe, by the operation and working of the holy Ghost, be multiplied plenteously vpon you (deare sister Robertes) that you may the more ioyfully beare the crosse of Christ that ye are vnder, vnto the end, to your onely cōfort and consolation, and to all our brethren and sisters that are round about you, both now and euer. Amen.

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In my most humble wise I commend me vnto you, and to al our brethren and sisters in those parties, that loue our Lorde vnfaynedly, certifying you that I and all my brethren with me, are mery and ioyfull, we prayse God therfore,looking daily to be dissolued frō these our mortall bodyes, MarginaliaPhil. 2. according to the good pleasure of our heauenly father: praysing God also for your cōstancy, and gentle beneuolence, that you haue shewed vnto Gods electe people, in this troublesome time of persecution: MarginaliaMath. 24.which may be a sure pledge and token of Gods good will and fauour towardes you, and to all other that heare thereof. For blessed are the mercifull, for they shall obteine mercy. MarginaliaMath. 5.Wherfore the fruites declare alway what the tree is. For a good man or woman, out of the good treasure of theyr hartes bring forth good thinges.

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Wherfore deare Sister, it is not as many affirme in these dayes (the more it is to be lamented) that say God asketh, but a mās hart: MarginaliaGod asketh more thē the hart onely.which is the greatest iniury that can be deuised agaynst god and his word. For S Iames sayth: MarginaliaIames. 2.Shew me thy faith by the deeds, and I will shew thee my fayth by my deedes, saying: the deuilles haue fayth, and tremble for feare, & yet shalbe but deuils still, because theyr minds were neuer to do good. Let vs not therfore be like them, but let our fayth be made manifest to the whole world by our deedes: and in the middest of a crooked and peruerse nation, as S. Paule sayth, MarginaliaPhil. 2.let your light shine as in a darcke place.

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Oh deare hartes, nowe is the Gospell of God ouerwhelmed with many blacke and troublesome cloudes of persecution, for the which cause very few go about to haue their eies made clere by the true light of the Gospell, for feare of loosing of their treasures of this world which are but vayne, and shall perish.

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Let not vs therfore be like vnto them which light their candle and put it vnder a bushell: but let vs set our candle vpon a cādlesticke, that it may geue light vnto all thē that are in the house: MarginaliaMath. 5.that is to saye, let all the people of the housholde of God see our good workes, in suffering all thinges patiently that shalbe layde vpon vs for the Gospels sake, if it be death it selfe. For Christ dyed for vs, leauing vs an example, that we should follow his steps, and as he hath geuen his life for vs, so ought we to geue our liues for the defence of the Gospell, to the comfort of our brethren.

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How is it then that some will say, that theyr fayth is good, & yet they do all the deedes of Antichrist the deuill, and be not ashamed to alledge certayne Scriptures to maynteine their wickednesse? Saynt Paule sayth: MarginaliaRom. 10. MarginaliaConfessing with the mouth and beleeuing in hart, must goe together.To beleue with the hart iustifieth, & to confesse with the mouth maketh a man safe. Oh good GOD: here maye all menne see that no man or woman can haue a true

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