Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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EaglestonRobert Johnson
 
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Eagleston

The last examination of Roger Holland was before Lord Strange, Sir Thomas Jarret, Master Eagleston, Bonner, and others. 1570, pp. 2239-40, 1576, pp. 1934-35, 1583, pp. 2041-44.

 
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Robert Johnson

(d. 1558)

Prebend of Rochester (1541), Worcester (1544 - 1548), Hereford (1551 - 1558), York (1556 - 1558). Chancellor of Worcester diocese(1544 - 1558) (DNB)

In 1546 Davis, who often read an English Testament, was complained of by Alice Johnson, his mistress. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

Alice Johnson consulted with Thomas Parton and Alice Brook (wife of Nicholas Brook, organ maker) and with certain canons, including Robert Johnson, chancellor to Heath. It was decided that Alice Brook's son, Oliver (a school fellow of Davis) feign friendship with him and so gain access to his writings. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

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Oliver gained access to Davis's English books and writings against the Six Articles, which were then brought before the canons and Robert Johnson. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

He was condemned by Robert Johnson, but his judges agreed with John Bourne that John Davis had suffered enough. 1570, p. 2277, 1583, p. 2073.

[He and Henry Joliffe refused to subscribe to the Articles of Religion propounded by John Hooper, bishop of Gloucester in 1552. He and Jolliffe held a public disputation with Hooper and with Harley.]

2064 [2040]

Q. Mary. The examination and aunswers of Roger Holland Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1558. Iune.but since you be now in the daunger of the law, I would wish you to playe a wise mannes parte: So shall you not want any fauoure I can doe or procure for you, bothe for your owne sake, and also for your friendes, which be men of worship and credite, and wish you well, & by my trooth Roger so doe I.

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Then sayd M. Egleston, a gentleman of Lankeshire, and nere kinsman to Roger, being there present: I thank your good Lordship: your honour meaneth good vnto my cousin, I beseeche God he haue the grace to followe your counsaile.

Holland. Syr, you craue of God you knowe not what. I beseech God open your eies to see the light of his worde.

Egleston. Roger, holde your peace, least you fare the worse at my Lordes handes.

Holland. No, I shall fare as pleaseth God: for man can do no more then God doth permit him.

Then the bishop and the Doctors, with Iohnson the Register, casting their heades together, in the ende sayeth Iohnson: Roger, how sayest thou? MarginaliaRoger Holland willed to submit himselfe to the Bishop.wilt thou submitte thy selfe vnto my Lorde, before thou be entred into the booke of contempt?

Holland. I neuer meant but to submit my selfe vnto the Magistrate, as I learne of S. Paul to the Romaines, the 13. chap. and so he recited the text.

Chedsey Then I see you are no Anabaptist.

Holland. I meane not yet to be no Papist: for they and the Anabaptists agree in this poynt, not to submit thēselues to any other prince or magistrate, then those that must first be sworne to maintaine them and their doings.

Chedsey. Roger, remember what I haue said, & also what my Lorde hath promised, he will perfourme wyth further frendship. Take heede Roger, for your ripenesse of witte hath brought you into these errours.

Holland. M. Doctor, I haue yet your words in memorie, though they are of no such force to preuail witn me. Then they whispered together againe, and at the last saide Boner: Roger I perceiue þu wilt be ruled by no good counsell for any thing þt either I or your friēds or any other cā say.

Holland. I may say to you my lorde, as Paul said to Felix & vnto the Iewes, as doth appeare in the 22. of the Actes, and in the 15. of the 1. Epistle to the Corinth. MarginaliaRoger Holland first a great Papist.It is not vnknowen vnto my master whom I was prentise withall, þt I was of this your blind religion that nowe is taught, and therein did obstinately & wilfully remaine, vntill the later end of K. Edward in maner, hauing þt liberty vnder your auriculare Confession, that I made no conscience of sinne, but trusted in the Priests absolution, hee for money doing some penance also for me: which after I had geuen, I cared no further what offences I did, no more then hee passed after he had my mony, whether he fasted bread and water for me or no: so þt lecherie, swearing & all other vices I accompted no offence of danger, so long as I could for money haue them absolued. So straitly did I obserue your rules of religion, that I woulde haue ashes vppon Ashwensday, though I had vsed neuer so muche wickednes at night. MarginaliaThe wickednes of Roger Holland before he was called to the Gospell.And albeit I could not of conscience eat flesh vpon the friday, yet in swearing, drinking, or dising al the night long, I made no conscience at all. And thus was I brought vp, and herein haue I continued til now of late, that God hath opened the light of his word, and called me by his grace to repentaunce of my former idolatrie & wicked life: for in Lankeshire their blindnes and whoredom is ouermuch more, then may with chaste eares be hearde. Yet these my friends which are not cleare in these notable crimes, MarginaliaAt these examinations diuers of Roger Hollandes friendes & kinsfolke being men of worship, were present both of Lankeshire and Cheshire. thinke the Priest with his Masse can saue them, though they blaspheme God, & keepe concubines besides their wiues, as long as they liue. Yea I know some priestes, very deuout, my Lorde, yet suche as haue 6. or 7. children by 4. or 5. sundry women.

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M. Doctor, now to your antiquitie, vnitie, & vniuersalitie (for these D. Chedsey alledged as notes and tokēs of theyr religion) I am vnlearned. I haue no sophistrie to shifte my reasons withall: but the truthe I trust I haue, which nedeth no painted colours to set her forth. The antiquitie of our church is not from pope Nicolas or Pope Ioane, but our church is from the beginning, euen from the time that God saide vnto Adam þt the seede of the woman should breake the Serpents head: and so to faithfull Noe: to Abraham, Isaac and Iacob, to whō it was promised that their seede should multiply as the starres in the skie: and so to Moses, Dauid & all the holy fathers þt were frō the beginning, vnto the birth of our sauior Christ. All they þt beleeued these promises, were of the church, though þe number were oftentimes but few & small, as in Helias daies whē he thought there was none but he that had not bowed their knees to Baal, whē God had reserued 7000. that neuer had bowed their knees to that idoll: as I trust

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ther be vij.C.M. more then I know of, that haue not bowed their knees to þt idol your masse, and your god Maozim: the vpholding wherof is your blody cruelty, whiles you daily persecute Helias & the seruants of God, forcing them (as Daniell was in his chamber) closely to serue the Lord their God: and euen as we by this your cruelty are forced in the fields to pray vnto God that his holy worde may be once againe truely preached amongst vs, and that he would mitigate and shorten these idolatrous & bloudy daies, wherin all cruelty raigneth. Moreouer, our church haue ben the Apostles and Euangelists, the Martyrs and Confessors of Christ that haue at all times and in all ages bene persecuted for the testimonye of the woorde of God. But for the vpholding of your church and religion, what antiquitie can you shew? MarginaliaThe Masse how olde it is.Yea the Masse, that idol & chiefe piller of your religion, is not yet iiij.C. yeres olde, & some of your masses are younger, as that masse of S. Thomas Becket the traitor, wherein you pray that you may be saued by the bloude of S. Thomas. MarginaliaLatine Seruice.And as for your Latine seruice, what are we of the laitie the better for it? I thinke he that should hear your priests mumble vp their seruice, although he did well vnderstand latine, yet should he vnderstand few words therof: the priests do so champ them and chaw them, & posteth so fast, that neither they vnderstande what they say, nor they that heare them: and in the meane time the people when they should praye wyth the priest, are set to their beads to pray our ladies Psalter. So craftie is Sathan to deuise these his dreames (which you defend with fagot and fire) to quench the light of the word of God: which (as Dauid saieth) shoulde be a lanterne to our feete. And againe, wherin shall a yong man direct his waies, but by the woorde of God? and yet you will hide it from vs in a toung vnknowen. S. Paul had rather in the church to haue 5. wordes spoken with vnderstāding, then x.M. in an vnknowen toung: and yet wil you haue your Latin seruice and praying in a strange toung, wherof the people are vtterly ignorant, to be of such antiquitie? MarginaliaThe Greeke Church differing from the latine.The Greke church & a good part of Christendom besides, neuer receiued your seruice in an vnknowen tounge, but in theyr owne natural language which al the people vnderstand, neither yet your transubstantiation, your receiuing all alone, your purgatorie, your images. &c.

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As for the vnitie which is in your churche, what is it els but treason, murther, poysoning one an other, idolatrie, superstition, wickednesse? What vnitie was in youre church, when there was iij. Popes at once? 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 476, middle

John XXIII., Gregory XII., and Benedict XIII. One object of the assembling of a Council at Constance, A. D. 1414, was to dispose of this Cerberus (Sandini Vitæ Pontiff. Rom. p. 586, edit. 1775), see more in the Introduction to Geddes' "Council of Trent no Free Assembly;" Lond. 1697, pp. 21-23.

Where was your head of vnitie when you had a woman Pope? Here he was interrupted and could not be suffered to proceede, but sayth the Bishop: Roger, these thy woordes are very blasphemie, and by the meanes of thy friendes thou haste bene suffered to speake, and art ouer malepert to teache any heere: Therefore keeper take him away.

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The second examination of Roger Holland.

MarginaliaThe 2. examination of Roger Holland.THe day that Henrye Ponde and the rest were brought foorth to be againe examined, D. Chedsey said: Roger, I trust you haue nowe better considered of the Churche then you did before.

Holland. I cōsider this much: That out of the church there is no saluation, as diuers ancient Doctors say.

Boner. That is well sayd. M. Egleston I trust your kinsman wil be a good catholicke mā. But Roger, you meane, I trust, the church of Rome.

Holland. I meane that church which hath Christ for her head: which also hath his word, and his Sacraments according to his woord and institution.

Chedsey. Then Chedsey interrupted him, and said, is that a Testament you haue in your hand?

Holland. Yea M. doctor, it is the new Testament. You wil finde no fault with the translation (I thinke.) It is of your owne translation: it is according to the great Bible.

Boner. Howe saye you? Howe doe you knowe it is the Testament of Christ, but onely by the Churche? For the Churche of Rome hathe and doeth preserue it, and oute of the same hathe made Decrees, Ordinaunces, and true expositions.

No (saith Roger) the church of Rome hath and doeth suppresse the reading of the Testameut. And what a true exposition (I pray you) did the Pope make thereof, when he set his foote on the Emperours necke, and sayde: MarginaliaPsal. 91.Thou shalt walke vpon the Lion and the Aspe: the yong Lyon and the Dragon shalt thou tread vnder thy foote. 

Commentary  *  Close

The reference is to Pope Alexander III's putative humiliation of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. Later, this incident would be widely known to English people through the writings of Foxe and Jewel. How Holland knew of it is less clear; although his ultimate source was probably Robert Barnes's edition of Platina's papal biographies. Whether Holland read this for himself or was repeating what someone told him must remain unknown.

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Then said the bishop: Such vnlearned wilde heads as thou and other, woulde be expositours of the Scripture. Woulde you then the auncient learned (as there be some heere aswell as I) should be taught of you?

Holland. Youth delighteth in vanitie. My wildnesse hathe

bene
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