Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Henry StanleySir Thomas Jarret
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Henry Stanley

(1531 - 1593)

Lord Strange. Later (1572) earl of Derby.

Roger Holland's last examination was before Lord Strange, Sir Thomas Jarret, Master Eagleston, Bonner, and others. 1570, pp. 2239-40, 1576, pp. 1934-35, 1583, pp. 2041-44.

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Sir Thomas Jarret

[Otherwise unknown.]

The last examination of Roger Holland was before Lord Strange, Sir Thomas Jarret, Master Eagleston, Bonner, and others. 1570, pp. 2239-40, 1576, pp. 1934-35, 1583, pp. 2041-44.

2065 [2041]

Queene Mary. The examination and answers of Roger Holland Martyr, his condemnation and death.

MarginaliaAnno 1558. Iune.bene somewhat the more by your Doctrine, then euer I learned out of this booke of God. But my Lorde, I suppose, some of the old doctors say: If a poore lay man bring his reason and argument out of the woorde of God, he is to be credited afore the learned, thoughe they be neuer so great doctors. For the gift of knowledge was taken from the learned doctors, and giuen to pore fishermen. Notwtstanding I am ready to be instructed by the church

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Boner. That is very well said Roger. But you must vnderstand þt the church of Rome is the catholicke Churche. Roger, for thy friendes sake (I promise thee) I wish thee well, and I meane to doe thee good. Keeper, see he wante nothing. Roger, if thou lacke any money to pleasure thee, I will see thou shalt not want. 

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Bonner is offering Holland money to buy necessities - bedding, better food, freedom from chains, etc. - in prison.

This hee spake vnto hym alone, his fellowes being aparte, with manye other faire promises, and so he was sent to prison againe.

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The last examination of Roger Holland.

MarginaliaThe last examination of Roger Holland.THe last examination of Roger Holland, was when he with his fellow prisoners were brought into the consistorie, & there excommunicated all sauing Roger, & redy to haue their sentēce of iudgement, geuen wt many threatning words to feare them withall: the Lord Strange, syr Tho. Iarret, M. Eagleston Esquier, and diuers other of worship, both of Cheshire & Lankeshire, that were Rog. Hollands kinsmē and friends, being there present: which had beene earnest suters to the Bishop in hys fauour, hoping of his safetie of life. Nowe the Bishop hoping yet to winne him with his faire and flattering woordes, began after this maner.

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Boner. Rog. I haue diuers times called thee before, home to my house, and haue conferred with thee, and being not learned in the latine toung, it doth appeare vnto me thou art of a good memorie & of a very sensible talke, but something ouerhastie: which is a naturall disease to some men. And surely they are not the worst natured men. For I my selfe shall now and then be hastie, but mine anger is soone past. So Roger, surely I haue a good opinion of you, that you wil not with these lewd fellowes cast your selfe headlong from the church of your parents & your frendes that are here, very good catholikes (as it is reported vnto me.) MarginaliaThe Rhetoricall perswasions of B. Boner.And as I meane thee good, so Roger play the wisemans part, and come home with the lost sonne and say: I haue runne into the church of schismatikes and heretikes, from the catholicke church of Rome, and you shall, I warrante you, not only finde fauor at Gods hands, but the Church that hath authoritie, shall absolue you and put newe garments vppon you, and kill the fatling to make thee good cheare withall: That is, in so doing, as meate doth refresh and chearish the minde, so shalt thou finde as much quietnesse of conscience in comming home to the church, as dyd the hungry sonne that had ben fed afore with the hogs, as you haue done with these heretikes that seuer them selues from the church. I giue them a homely name, but they be worse (putting his hand to his cap for reuerēce sake) then hogs: For they know the church and will not followe it. If I shoulde saye thus muche to a Turke, hee woulde (I thinke) beleue me. But Roger, if I did not beare thee and thy friendes good will, I woulde not haue sayde so muche as I haue done, but I would haue let mine Ordinarie alone with you.

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At these wordes his frendes that were there, gaue the Bishop thankes for his good will and paines that he had taken in his and theyr behalfe.

Boner. Wel Roger, how say you nowe? Do you not beleeue that after the Priest hath spoken the words of consecration, there remaineth the body of Christ really & corporally vnder the formes of bread and wine: I meane þe selfe same body that was borne of the virgine Mary, that was crucified vpon the crosse, that rose againe the third day.

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Holland. Your Lordship sayth, the same body which was borne of the virgin Marie, which was crucified vpon the Crosse, which rose againe the third day: MarginaliaThe Papistes how they take one peece of Scripture, and leaue out an other.but you leaue out which ascended into heauen: and the Scripture sayeth, he shall there remaine vntil he come to iudge the quicke and the deade. Then he is not contained vnder the formes of bread & wine, by Hoc est corpus meum. &c.

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Boner. Roger, I perceiue my paines and good will, will not preuaile, and if I shoulde argue with thee, thou art so wilful (as all thy fellowes be, standing in thine owne singularitie & foolish conceit) that thou wouldest still talke to no purpose this 7. yere, if thou mightest be suffered. Aunswer whether thou wilt confesse the reall & corporall presence of Christes body in the Sacrament, or wilt not.

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Holland. My Lord, although that God by his sufferaunce hath here placed you to set forth his truth and glory in vs his faithful seruantes: notwithstanding your meaning is

farre from the zeale of Christ, and for all your words, you haue the same zeal that Annas and Caiphas had, trusting to their authoritie, traditions and ceremonies, more then to the woorde of God.

Boner. If I should suffer hym, he would fall from reasoning to railing, as a franticke heretike.

Lord Straunge. Roger (sayth the Lord Straunge) I perceiue my Lorde woulde haue you to tell him whether you will submit your selfe vnto him or no.

Boner. Yea, sayeth Boner, and confesse this presence that I haue spoken of.

With this, Roger turning him to the Lorde Strange and the rest of his kinsmen and frendes, very chearefully kneled downe vpon his knees and said: God by þe mouth of his seruant S. Paul hath said: Let euery soule submit him selfe vnto the higher powers, and he that resisteth receiueth hys owne damnation: and as you are a Magistrate appoynted by the will of God, so do I submit my selfe vnto you, and to all such as are appoynted for Magistrates.

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Boner. That is well sayde: I see you are no Anabaptist. Howe saye you then to the presence of Christes bodye and bloud in the Sacrament of the altare?

MarginaliaThe presence in the Sacrament.Holland. I say, and I beseeche you all to marke and beare witnes with me (for so you shal doe before the iudgement seate of God) what I speake: for heere is the Conclusion: And ye my deare frendes (turning him to his kinsmen) I pray you shew my father what I doe say, that he may vnderstand I am a christian man: I say and beleeue, and am therein fully persuaded by the scriptures, that the Sacrament of the Supper of oure Lorde ministred in the holye Communion according to Christes institution, I beinge penitent & sorie for my sinnes, and minding to amend and lead a new life, and so cōming worthely vnto Gods bord in perfect loue & charity, do there receiue by faith, the body & bloud of Christ. And though Christ in his humane person sitte at the right hand of his father, yet (by faith I say) his death, his passion, his merites are mine, and by faithe I dwell in him and he in me. And as for the Masse, transubstantiation, & the worshipping of the Sacrament, they are meere impietie and horrible idolatrie.

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Boner. I thought so much, sayth Boner (suffering him to speake no more) how he wold proue a very blasphemous hereticke as euer I heard. Howe vnreuerently doeth hee speake of the blessed Masse? MarginaliaSentence read against Roger Holland.and so read his bloudy sentēce of condemnation, adiudging him to be burned.

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All this while Roger was verye patient & quiet, and when he should depart. he sayd: my lord, I besech you suffer me to speake 2. words. The B. wold not hear him, but bad him away. Notwtstanding, being requested by one of his frendes, he sayd: speake, what hast thou to say.

Holland. Euen now I told you that your authority was from God, and by his sufferance, and now I tel you, God hath heard the praier of his seruāts which hath ben powred forth with teares for his afflicted sainctes, which daily you persecute, as now you do vs. But this I dare be bold in God to speake (which by his spirit I am moued to say) MarginaliaRoger Holland prophesieth of shortening the tyme of B. Boners cruelty.that God will shorten your hand of cruelty, that for a time you shal not molest his church: And this shal you in short time well perceiue, my deare brethrē, to be most true. For after this day, in this place shall there not be anye by hym put to the triall of fire and fagot: And after this daye there was neuer none that suffered in Smithfielde for the testimonie of the gospell, God be thanked. MarginaliaThe last that suffred in Smithfielde.

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After these woordes spoken, saith Boner: Roger, thou art I perceiue as madde in these thy heresies as euer was Ioan Butcher. 

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An anabaptist who denied the Incarnation; she was executed by Edward VI's government on 2 May 1550.

In anger and fume thou woldest become a railing Prophet. Thoughe thou and all the sorte of you would see me hanged, yet I shall liue to burne, yea I wil burne all the sort of you that come in my handes, that wil not worship the blessed sacrament of the altare, for all thy pratling, and so he went his way.

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Then Roger Holland began to exhort his frendes to repentance, and to thinke wel of them that suffered for the testimonie of the Gospel, and with that the B. came back, charging the keeper that no man shoulde speake to them without his licence, and if they did, they should be cōmitted to prison. In the meane season H. Pond and Roger spake stil vnto the people, exhorting them to stande in the truthe: adding moreouer, MarginaliaThe cruell dayes shortened for the elect sake.that God woulde shorten those cruel and euil daies for his elect sake.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Roger Holland with sixe other in Smithfielde.The day they suffred, a proclamation was made, þt none should be so bold to speake or talke any word vnto them, or receiue any thing of them, or to touche them vpō payne of imprisonment, without either bale or mainprise: wyth diuers other cruell threatninge woordes, contained in the same Proclamation. Notwithstanding the people cryed out, desiring God to strengthen them: 

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See 1563, p. 1701; 1570, p. 2278; 1576, p. 1931 and 1583, pp. 2042-43. Thomas Bentham, at the time the leader of the underground London congregation, described leading the crowd in shouting encouragement to the martyrs (BL, Harley MS 416, fo. 63r-v.

and they likewyse still praied for the people, and the restoring of his woorde.

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