Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Alcock

(d. 1555)

Shearman. Of Hadleigh, Suffolk [although not a native]. [See John Craig, Reformation, Politics and Polemics, The Growth of Protestantism in East Anglian Market Towns 1500-1610 (Aldershot, 2001), p. 173.]

After Richard Yeoman was driven away from Hadleigh, Alcock used to read a chapter and say the litany in Hadleigh church. Arrested, he was taken to London and died in Newgate prison. 1563, p. 1067; 1570, p. 1694; 1576, p. 1445; 1583, p. 1520.

John Alcock did not remove his cap during the procession, for which action Newall called for the constable to arrest Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Robert Rolfe was an honest constable, and asked Newall why he was so enraged by Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Newall insisted that Rolfe place Alcock in the stocks. Rolfe said that he would bail him and not to put him in the stocks. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe later met with Alcock and told him that he was sorry for him. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe feared that Newall would be cruel to Alcock because of Newall's dislike of Rolfe. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe took Alcock to appear before Newall who committed him to prison. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Alcock was imprisoned in squalid conditions and died there. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

His body was cast out and buried in a dunghill. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

His first epistle. 1563, p. 1664, 1583, p. 2146.His second epistle. 1563, pp. 1664-66, 1583, p. 2147.

[Although he was not burned, note that Foxe none the less refers to him as a 'martyr'.]

[NB: Foxe states that a John Awcocke died in prison on 2 April 1555 and was buried in the fields. 1563, p. 1117; 1570, p. 1731; 1576, p. 1478; 1583, p. 1561].

[Also referred to as John Awcocke]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Nowell

(d. by May 1567)

Rector of Hadleigh (1554 - 1560), dean of Bocking (1556 - 1564), rector of Great Massingham, Norfolk (1556 - 1567) (Emden, 1501-1540).

John Nowell succeeded Rowland Taylor as rector of Hadleigh. Foxe contrasts him unfavorably with his predecessor. 1563, p. 1070; 1570, p. 1696; 1576, p. 1448; 1583, p. 1521.

[A copy of a sermon preached by Nowell in Hadleigh on 10 February 1555, the day after Rowland Taylor's execution, survives in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley MS 425, fols. 119r-120r). Nowell denounced Taylor for having 'dyed in a damnable case'. This sermon was not printed by Foxe, but a long extract from it is in Strype, Cranmer, pp. 604-6].

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John Alcock did not remove his cap during the procession, for which action Nowall called for the constable to arrest Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Robert Rolfe was an honest constable and asked Nowall why he was so enraged by John Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Nowall insisted that Rolfe place Alcock in the stocks. Rolfe said that he would bail him and so not put him in the stocks. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe later met with Alcock and told him that he was sorry for him. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe feared that Newall would be cruel to Alcock because of Newall's dislike of Rolfe. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe took Alcock to appear before Newall who committed him to ward. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

[Foxe calls him 'Maister Neweall'.]

 
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John White

(1510? - 1560)

Bishop of Lincoln (1554 - 1556), bishop of Winchester (1556 - 1559) (Fasti; DNB)

John White was created bishop of Lincoln in 1554 (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

He was the author of commendatory verses for Philip and Mary's marriage, (1563, p. 1004; 1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

On 14 February 1555 Percival Creswell, an old acqauintance of Bradford's, went to visit Bradford in prison. He offered to make suit for Bradford. He returned later, at 11 o'clock, with another man and gave Bradford a book by More, desiring him to read it. He told Bradford that the lords of York, Lincoln and Bath wished to speak with him. Then at 3 o'clock the same day, Dr Harding, the bishop of Lincoln's chaplain, went to see Bradford in prison. Harding talked of his fear for Bradford's soul, and that he himself had spoken against Peter Martir, Martin Bucer, Luther and others for their beliefs. 1563, p. 1200, 1570, pp. 1790-91, 1576, p. 1529, 1583, pp. 1612-13.

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An examination of Ridley and Latimer was conducted by White (Lincoln), Brookes (Gloucester) and Holyman (Bristol) on 30 September 1555. White, Brookes and Holyman received their commission from Cardinal Pole. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

White was present during the second private conference between Philpot and Bonner. 1563, pp. 1419-20, 1570, pp. 1982-83, 1576, pp. 1706-07, 1583, pp. 1812-13.

Thomas Benbridge was examined by John White, bishop of Winchester. 1563, p. 1667, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

John White would not be swayed by the truth of Gratwick's argument. 1570, p. 2162, 1576, p. 1867, 1583, p. 1976.

Woodman's fourth examination took place before White (Winchester), Rochester, a certain doctor and others on 25 May 1557. 1563, pp. 1596-99, 1570, pp. 2188-90, 1576, pp. 1889-90, 1583, pp. 1997-99.

Woodman's fifth examination took place before Winchester, Nicholas Harpsfield, Langdale, a fat-headed priest, and many others at St Mary Overy's church on 15 June 1557. 1563, pp. 1599-1601, 1570, pp. 2190-92, 1576, pp. 1890-92, 1583, pp. 1999-2000.

The sixth and last examination of Woodman took place before Chichester, Roper, Nicholas Harpsfield, the fat priest, Winchester and others. He was condemned by Winchester and others.1563, 1599-1601, 1570, p. 2192-94, 1576, p. 1892-93, 1583, pp. 2000-02.

White was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

He died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

 
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Robert Rolfe

When John Alcock did not remove his cap during the procession, Rolfe arrested him. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Robert Rolfe was an honest constable, and asked Newall why he was so enraged by Alcock. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Newall insisted that Rolfe place Alcock in the stocks. Rolfe said that he would bail him and so not put him in the stocks. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe later met with Alcock and told him that he was sorry for him. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe feared that Newall would be cruel to Alcock because of Newall's dislike of Rolfe. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

Rolfe took Alcock to appear before Newall who committed him to ward. 1563, p. 1563, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1939, 1583, p. 2046.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Benbridge

(d. 1557)

Gentleman. Unmarried. Of Winchester.

Thomas Benbridge was examined by Dr White, bishop of Winchester. 1563, p. 1667, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

Articles were brought against him. 1563, pp. 1667-68, 1570, p. 2246, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

Thomas Benbridge was condemned and then taken to the place of martyrdom by Richard Pecksal, the sheriff, to whom Benbridge gave his jerkin. 1563, p. 1668, 1570, p. 2245, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

Seaton willed Benbridge to recant at the stake. 1563, p. 1668, 1570, p. 2246, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

The fire at Benbridge's execution was poorly lit. It first took away Benbridge's beard and then licked his legs. His leather understockings caused the heat to be even more intense, at which Benbridge cried out a recantation. 1563, p. 1668, 1570, p. 2246, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

Benbridge then tried to push the fire from him and two or three of his friends helped him out of the flames. His friends were later imprisoned for assisting him. 1563, p. 1668, 1570, p. 2246, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

The sheriff, Pecksal, took Benbridge from the stake, from whence he was transferred to the Fleet. 1563, p. 1668, 1570, p. 2246, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

Seaton wrote articles for him to subscribe to. Threatened with the stake again, Benbridge subscribed and was returned to prison. 1563, p. 1668, 1570, p. 2246, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

From prison Benbridge wrote to Seaton retracting his recantation. He was subsequently burned or rather 'broiled' at the stake. 1563, p. 1668, 1570, p. 2246, 1576, p. 1940, 1583, p. 2046.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Hadleigh
Hadley
NGR: TM 026 425

A parish in the hundred of Cosford, county of Suffolk. 10.5 miles west by south from Ipswich. The living is a rectory within the exempt Deanery of Bocking, in the peculiar jurisdiction and patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Norwich
NGR: TG 230 070

A city and county of itself, locally in the hundred of Humbleyard, county of Norfolk, of which it is the capital. 108 miles north-east by north from London. The city comprises 33 parishes, and the liberty of the city a further four. Of these 37, three are rectories, 12 are discharged rectories, three are vicarages, one is a discharged vicarage, and 18 are perpetual curacies. St Andrew, St Helen, St James, St Paul and Lakenham are within the peculiar jurisdiction of the Dean and Chapter; the rest are in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Norwich, of which the city is the seat.

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Further information:

Andrews church (now St Andrews Hall) is at the junction of St Andrews Street and Elm Hill.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2070 [2046]

Quene Mary. The story of Iohn Alcocke. Thomas Benbrige, Martyrs.

MarginaliaAnno 1558. Iuly.prison, and euil keping, died in prison, whose body when hee was deade, was throwen oute and buried in the fieldes. Hee was a man of 46. yeares of age, a Weauer by his occupation, MarginaliaCommendation of Iohn Dale.well learned in the holy scriptures, faithfull and honest in all his conuersation, stedfast in confession of the true doctrine of Christ set forth in Kyng Edwards tyme: for the which he ioyfully suffred prison and chaines, and from this worldlye dungeon hee departed in Christ to eternall glory, and the blessed paradise of euerlasting felicitie.

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MarginaliaYeoman remoued to Norwich.After that Iohn Dale was dead, Rich. Yeoman was remooued to Norwich prison, where after straite and euill keping, he was examined of his faith and religion. Then he boldly and constantly confessed himself to be of the faith and confession that was set forth by the late king of blessed memory, holy K. Edwarde the 6. and from that he would in no wyse vary. Beyng required to submit himself to the holy father the Pope, I defie him (quoth he) & all hys detestable abhominations: I will in no wise haue to doe wt him, nor any thing that appertaineth to him. MarginaliaThe chiefe matters obiected to Richard Yeoman.The chief articles obiected to him were his mariage, & the masse sacrifice. Wherfore when he continued stedfast in confession of the truth, he was condemned, disgraded, & not only burnt but most cruelly tormented in the fire. So ended hee hys poore & miserable lyfe, and entred into the blessed bosom of Abraham, enioying with Lazarus the comfortable quietnes that God hath prepared for his elect saintes.

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¶ The story of Iohn Alcocke. 
Commentary  *  Close
: John Alcock

In the 1563 edition Foxe printed a confused account of John Alcock's life, which clearly came from different sources which Foxe, probably due to haste, imperfectly reconciled. The account included Alcock's letters (1563, pp. 1663-67). In the 1570 edition, Foxe removed the inconcistencies in this account, but he also removed the letters. This account remained unchanged in subsequent editions, but the letters were added in an appendix to the 1583 edition (pp. 2146-49). This entire account rests on the testimony of individual informants; interestingly, Foxe had access to official documents on Alcock (a copy of Alcock's examination by the privy council is among Foxe's papers -see BL, Lansdowne 389, fo. 212v), but Foxe did not use them.

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MarginaliaThe story of Iohn Alcocke.THere was also in Hadley a yong man named Ioh. Alcocke,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 489, line 8

In Foxe's Appendix this name is written "Alcocke or Aucocke," and he is there called a "woad-setter."

which came to Hadley seking worke, for he was a Shereman by his occupation. This yong man after the Martyrdome of D. Tailor, & taking of Rich. Yeomā, vsed first in the church of Hadley to read the seruice in English, as partly is aboue touched. At length, after the comming of person Newal, he being in Hadley church vpon a sonday when the Person came by with procession, would not once mooue his cap, nor shew any signe of reuerence, but stood behind the font. MarginaliaParson Newal in a rage against Iohn Alcocke, for not going on Procession.Person Newal perceiuing this, whē he was almost out of the church dore, ran back again, and caught him, and called for the Constable.

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Then came Rob. Rolfe, with whom this young man wrought, and asked: M. Person what hath he done, that ye are in such a rage with hym?

He is an heretike and a traitor (quoth the Person) and despiseth the Queens procedings. Wherfore I command you in the Queenes name, haue hym to the stockes, & see he be forth commyng.

Wel quoth MarginaliaRobert Rolfe an honest Constable of Hadley.Rolfe? he shal be forth comming, proceede you in your busines and be quiet. Haue him to the stockes (quoth the Person.)

I am Constable (quoth Rolfe) and may baile him, and will baile him: he shall not come in the stocks, but he shal be forth comming. So went the good Person forth wyth his holy procession, and so to Masse.

At after noone Rolfe said to this yong man: I am sory for thee, for truly the person will seek thy destructiō, if thou take not good heed what thou answerest him.

The yong man aunswered: Sir, I am sory that it is my lucke to be a trouble to you. As for my selfe I am not sory, but I do commit my selfe into Gods handes, and I trust he will geue me mouth and wisedome to answer according to right.

Well (quoth Rolfe) yet beware of him. For hee is malicious, and a bloudsucker, & beareth an old hatred against me, and he wil handle you the more cruelly, because of displeasure against me.

I feare him not (quoth the yong man) He shall doe no more to me then God wil geue him leaue: and happy shal I be if God wil call me to die for his truths sake.

MarginaliaAlcocke brought to Parson Newall.After this talke, they then went to the person, who at the first asked hym: Fellow, what saiest thou to the sacrament of the aulter?

I say (quoth he) as ye vse the matter, ye make a shame full idoll of it, and ye are false idolatrous priests all the sort of you.

I told you (quoth the person) he was a stout heretike.

MarginaliaParson Newall carieth vp Iohn Alcocke to London.So, after long talk the person committed him to ward and the next day rode he vp to London, and caried þe yong man with him, and so came the yong man no more againe to Hadley, but after long imprisonment in Newgate, 

Commentary  *  Close

In the 1563 edition, Foxe correctly identified John Alcock with the 'John Awcock' whom he had mentioned earlier as dying in Newgate (1563, p. 1117; 1570, p. 1731; 1576, p. 1478 and 1583, p. 1651). But on this same page, he also states that Alcock was burned at Smithfield. Foxe corrected this error in subsequent editions.

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where after many examinations and troubles, for that he would not submit himselfe to aske forgeuenes of the Pope and to be reconciled to the Romish religion, he was caste into the lower dungeon, where with euill keping & sickenes of the house, MarginaliaIohn Alcocke dyed in Newgate.he died in prison. Thus died he a Martyr of Christes veritie, which he hartily loued & constantly cō-

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fessed, & receiued the garland of a well foughten battaile at the hand of the Lord. MarginaliaIohn Alcocke buryed of the Papistes in a dunghill.His body was cast out & buried in a dunghil. For the Papists would in all things be like thēselues: Therfore would they not so much as suffer þe dead bodies to haue honest and conuenient sepulture. 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 490

After the account of Alcocke's death, the Edition of 1563 continues (p. 1663):-
"Thus see you what lamentable estate the churche of Hadley was in after the death of D. Taylour: many through weakenes and infirmitie fell to the Poperie: and suche as were more perfect, lyved in great feare and sorowe of hart. Some fled the towne; and wandred from place to place. And some fled beyond the seas, leving all that ever they had to God, and committing them selfes rather to banishment and povertie, then they would against their conscience do any thyng that should displease God, or in any point sound against his holy worde. God be praysed for this goodly tryall, wherein suche as feared God were lyke gold in the furnace purified, and suche as were weake have learned to knowe them selfes, and henceforth to leane to God's strength, and to praye for his helpe, that they may be more strong, and walke more firmely in the waye of Gods word in tyme to come.
"To God our almyghtie father, through Jesus Christ our Saviour, be all honour and glorie, and the Lord graunt us his Holy Ghost, to strengthen and comfort our weakenes, and to leade us through this wretched worlde, so that we may come to that blessed rest ordeyned for his chosen sainctes, Amen. God be praysed for ever, Amen, Amen."

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¶ Thomas Benbrige Gentleman and Martyr, wrongfully condemned and put to death by the cruell Papists, for the defence of the Cospell of Christ Iesu. 
Commentary  *  Close
Thomas Benbridge

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and it was unchanged in subsequent editions. This account was based on the articles alleged against Benbridge and his answers to them, which were probably copied from the Winchester diocesan records, and also on the testimony of individual informants.

MarginaliaIuly 29. MarginaliaThe story of Thomas Benbridge, Martyr.

THomas Benbrige a Gentleman, single and vnmaried, 

Commentary  *  Close

Note that a passage here, which only appears in the 1563 edition, states that Benbridge was 'half sure' (i.e., betrothed). On the gentry status of Benbridge and his family, see R. H. Fritze, '"A Rare Example of Godlyness Amongst Gentleman": The Role of the Kingsmill and Gifford Families in Promoting the Reformation in Hampshire' in Protestantism and the National Church, ed. Peter Lake and Maria Dowling (London, 1987), pp. 154-55.

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in the Dioces of Winchester, although hee might haue liued a pleasaunt and a Gentlemans lyfe in the wealthy possessions of this world, yet to follow Christ, had rather enter into the straite gate of persecution, to the heauenlye possession of lyfe in the Lordes kingdome, then here to enioy pleasures present with vnquietnes of consciēce. Wherfore manfully standing against the Papists for the defence of the sincere doctrine of Christes Gospell, hee spared not hymselfe to confirme the doctrine of the Gospell. For the which cause he beyng apprehended for an aduersary of the Romish religion, 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 490, middle

In Edition 1563, "the Pope's irreligious religion."

MarginaliaW. Benbridge examined before the B. of Winchester.was forthwith had to examination before D. White Bish. of Winchester, where he susteined sundry conflictes for the truth agaynst the sayd Bishop & his Colleagues. The Articles of the Bishoppe ministred to hym, with his aunswers to the same annexed, be here followyng.

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¶ Articles ministred to M. Benbrige, with his answers followyng the same.

MarginaliaArticles opposed agaynst W. Benbridge.FIrst, we articulate against you, that the Church of God ministreth rightly, according to the rite Apostolicall

MarginaliaAunswere.To this he aunswereth, that Baptisme is not administred at this present, so as it was in the Apostles tyme, for that it is not ministred in the English tongue.

MarginaliaThe reall presence.2. Item, we articulate that the church of God doth beleue and hold, that in the sacrament of thankesgeuyng, after the words of consecration pronounced of the priest, the true and naturall body of Christ is present really.

MarginaliaAunswere.He answereth, that he beleueth not that in the sacrament is conteined the body and bloud of our sauiour Iesu Christ, saying: this is the marke that ye shoote at.

MarginaliaConfirmation.3. Item, we articulate, that the church holdeth and beleeueth, that confirmation is a sacrament in the church, and that by imposition of hands of a Bishop, commeth grace.

MarginaliaAunswere.He aunswered, that he knoweth not whether that confirmation be a Sacrament or not, and whether the Bishop geueth grace or not: hee knoweth not the order and fashion of ministration.

4. Item, we articulate, that penaunce is a Sacrament in the Church, and that by auricular confession and absolution pronounced by the priest, sinnes be forgeuen.

MarginaliaAunswere. Penaunce no Sacrament.He answered negatiuely, denying sinnes to be forgeuen, by absolution pronounced of a priest, and that it is not necessarye for a man to recite all his sinnes to a priest.

5. Item, we articulate agaynst thee, that the Church doth beleeue and hold, the same authoritie to bee now in the Churche which Christ gaue to his Apostles.

MarginaliaAunswere.He answered negatiuely, for that the Churche hath not the same power and strength to worke.

6. Item, we articulate, that the Church beleueth and holdeth that the order of ministers now beyng in the church of Christ, is instituted of Christ himselfe.

MarginaliaAunswere.He answered that he beleueth not the bishops to be the successors of the Apostles, for that they be not called as they were, nor haue that grace.

MarginaliaHead of the Church.7. Item, we articulate that the churche beleeueth and holdeth the Pope to be supreme head in the Church, and the Vicare of Christ in earth.

MarginaliaAunswere.He answered, that it is not the Pope, but it is the deuill that is supreme hed of the church which you speake of.

8. Item, we articulate, that the church doth hold and beleeue that it is necessary to be baptised.

MarginaliaAunswere.He denied not the same.

MarginaliaPurgatory.9. Item, we articulate, that the church doth hold and beleeue, that there is purgatory, and that the soules of the dead bee relieued with the almes and prayers of the liuyng.

MarginaliaAunswere.He answereth and sayth, as touching purgatory, hee will not beleeue as their church doth beleeue.

10. Item, we articulate, that the church holdeth and beleueth, that Matrimony is a sacrament of the Church.

MarginaliaAunswere. Matrimony no Sacrament.He aunswered, that he will not say that Matrimony is a Sacrament, but to bee a sacrate order and signe of an holy thyng. &c. 

Commentary  *  Close

In the 1563 edition, Foxe records that Benbridge was asked at this point why he did not marry one Mary Newton and Benbridge said that there was good reason why, but he would not declare it. It is obvious that Mary Newton was Benbridge's betrothed and it is also obvious why this passage was never reprinted.

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Moreouer, hapning into the mention of MarginaliaM. Luther.Martine Luther, he sayd: that the sayd Martine Luther dyed a good

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