Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
James Brookes

(1512 - 1560).

DD (1546). Master of Balliol (1547). Vice chancellor of Oxford (1552). Bishop of Gloucester (1554 - 1559). Deprived of his see upon the accession of Elizabeth. Committed to prison where he died. (DNB)

James Brookes was made bishop of Gloucester, c. January 1554, (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

He was deprived under Elizabeth.

James Brookes was one of those holding a commission from Cardinal Pole to disinter Peter Martyr's wife and burn her bones. 1563, p. 1558, 1570, p. 2152, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

The examinations of John Hunt and Richard White before the bishops of Salisbury and Gloucester (Brookes and Capon), Dr. Geffre (chancellor) took place on 26 April 1557. 1570, p. 2254, 1576, p. 1947, 1583, p. 2054.

Foxe says that James Brookes died before Queen Mary, but he did not die until 1560. 1563, p. 1736, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Capon

(d. 1557)

Bishop of Salisbury (1539 - 1557). (DNB)

John Capon was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

Cranmer was asked by Dr Capon to be a founding fellow of Wolsey's college. 1563, p. 1471, 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

John Capon examined John Maundrel, John Spicer and William Coberley. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

The examinations of John Hunt and Richard White before the bishops of Salisbury and Gloucester (Brookes and Capon), Dr. Geffre (chancellor) took place on 26 April 1557. 1570, p. 2254, 1576, p. 1947, 1583, p. 2054.

Foxe says that John Capon died shortly before the death of Mary. [He died on 6 October 1557.] 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

[Alias Salcot.]

 
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John Hunt

Of Newbury.

John Hunt was one of those who witnessed Julins Palmer's second examination and made notes. 1570, p. 2121, 1576, p. 1844 [recte 1832], 1583, p. 1938.

 
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Rawlins White

(1495? - 1555)

Fisherman, martyr

In the 1563 edition there is only one sentence about Rawlins White; it states that he was burned on 5 March 1555 in Cardiff. 1563, p. 1101.

White was converted to protestantism in the reign of Edward VI and became an itinerant lay preacher. He headed conventicles in Mary's reign in the region around Cardiff. 1570, p. 1726; 1576, pp. 1473-80 [recte 1474]; 1583, pp. 1556-57.

After being imprisoned for three weeks after sentence was pronounced, White was burned in Cardiff in March 1555. He died with remarkable courage. 1570, pp. 1727-29; 1576, p. 1463 [recte 1475]-1476; 1583, pp. 1558-59.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Geffre [or Geoffrey or Jeffrey]

D. C. L. (1540) [Foster]. Chancellor of Salisbury (1554 - 1558). [Fasti]

William Geffre took part in the examination of John Maundrel, John Spicer and William Coberley. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He presented articles against John Maundrel, John Spicer and William Coberley. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

He was assisted in the questioning of John Maundrel, John Spicer and William Coberley by the sheriff, John St John, and the priests of Fisherton Anger. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

William Cobberley was held in the stocks until the service he was trying to disrupt in Keevil was over, handed over to a justice and then transported to Salisbury to appear before John Capon and William Geffre. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

Julins Palmer's second examination at Newbury was before Dr Geffre (chancellor of Salisbury), John Winchcomb, esquire, Sir Richard Abridges, Sir William Rainford [in 1576 and 1583], and the parson of Englefield. 1570, pp. 2121-23, 1576, pp. 1844-46,1583, pp. 1938-40.

William Holcot was charged with treason by Cole and Geffre for supporting Cranmer. 1583, p. 2135.

The examinations of John Hunt and Richard White before the bishops of Salisbury and Gloucester (Brookes and Capon), Dr. Geffre (chancellor) took place on 26 April 1557. 1570, p. 2254, 1576, p. 1947, 1583, p. 2054.

A beggar was sent to Geffre to be whipped for not attending mass in Collingborough. 1570, p. 2265, 1576, p. 1955, 1583, p. 2062.

Geffre died not long after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1991, 1583, p. 2101.

His death prevented his examination of 90 people who had been expected to appear before him. 1563, p. 1706, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Marlborough
Marlborough, Marlborow, Malbrough
NGR: SU 184 695

A borough and market town, having separate jurisdiction, although locally in the hundred of Selkley, county of Wilts. 27 miles north by east from Salisbury. Marlborough comprises the two parishes of St Mary the Virgin and SS Peter and Paul, within the peculiar jurisdiction of the Consistorial Episcopal court of Salisbury. The living of St Mary is a discharged vicarage, and that of SS Peter and Paul a discharged rectory

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Salisbury
NGR: SU 145 300

A city having separate civil jurisdiction, locally in the hundred of Underditch, county of Wilts. 82 miles south-west by west from London. The city comprises the parishes of St Edmund, St Martin and St Thomas, in the jurisdiction of the Sub-Dean, and in the diocese of Salisbury, of which the city is the seat. The cathedral precinct is extra-parochial, and under the jurisdiction of the Dean and Chapter. The living of St Edmund is a rectory not in charge; St Martin is a discharged rectory; and St Thomas a perpetual curacy.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2078 [2054]

Queene Mary. The story and condemnation of John Hunt, and Richard White Martyrs.

MarginaliaAnno 1558. Nouem.both burned) that when she was brought to bee executed, she being at the stake, called for her godfather and godmothers. The Iustice hearing her, sent for thē, but they durste not come. Notwithstanding the Iustice willed the messēger to go agayne, and to shew them that they should incur no daunger therfore.

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Then they hearing that, came to knowe the matter of theyr sending for. When the maide saw them, she asked thē what they had promised for her: MarginaliaHereby B. Boner may see, that the Martyrs dyed in the same fayth wherein they were baptised by their Godfathers and Godmothers.and so she immediatly rehearsed her fayth, and the commaundements of God, and required of them, if there were any more that they had promised in her behalfe: and they sayd no.

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Then sayd shee: I dye a Christian woman: beare witnes of me, and so cruelly in fire was she consumed, & gaue ioyfully her life vp for the testimony of Christes Gospell, to the terrour of the wicked, and comfort of the godly, and also to the stopping of the sclaunderous mouthes of suche, as falsly doe quarrell agaynst these faythfull Martyrs for going from that religion wherein by theyr Godfathers & Godmothers they were first baptised.

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¶ The story and condemnation of Iohn Hunt, and Richard White, ready to be burnt, but by the death of Queene Mary escaped the fire. 
Commentary  *  Close
John Hunt and Richard White

An account of White and Hunt, based on testimony from an individual informant, or informants, appeared in 1563. In the 1570 edition, an account of Richard White's examination from a sympathetic eyewitness was added to this account. Beyond the correction of a few factual errors, no other changes were made to this account.

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MarginaliaThe story of Iohn Hunt, and Richard White.BEsides these Martyrs aboue named, diuers there were in diuers other places of the Realme imprisoned, whereof some were but newly taken and not yet examined, some begon to be examined but were not yet condemned, certayne both examined and condemned but for lacke of the writ escaped.

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Other there were also, both condemned, and the writ also was brought downe for theyr burning, and yet by the death of the Chaūcellor, the bishop, and of Queene Mary happening together about one time, they most happely & maruellously were preserued and liued many yeres after. In the number of whom was one Iohn Hunt and Rich. White imprisoned at Salisbury. Touching which historie something here is to be shewed.

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First these two good men and faythfull seruauntes of the Lord aboue named, to wit, Iohn Hunt, and Richarde White had remayned long time in prison at Salisburye, & other places therabout, the space of two yeares and more. During which time, oft times they were called to examination, & manifold waies were impugned by the Bishop, and the Priestes. All whose examinations, as I thoughte not much needefull here to prosecute or to searche out, for the length of the volume: so neither agayne did I thinke it good to leaue no memorye at all of the same, but some part to expresse, namely of the examination of Richarde White before the Bishop of Salisbury, the Bishop of Glocester, with the Chauncellour and other Priestes, not vnworthy perchaunce to be rehearsed.

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The examination of Richard White, before the Byshop of Salisbury in his chamber in Salisbury, the 26. day of Aprill. an. 1557.

MarginaliaExamination of Richard White.THe Bishop of Salisbury at that time was Docor Capon. The Bishop of Glocester was Doctor Brookes. These with Doctour Geffrey the Chauncelour of Salisbury, and a great number of Priestes sitting in iudgemēt, Richarde White was brought before them. With whome first the Bishop of Glocester, which had the examination of him, beginneth thus.

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Bishop Brookes. Is this the prisoner?

The chauncellour. Yea my Lord.

Brookes. Frend, wherefore camest thou hether?

White. My Lord I trust to know þe cause, for þe lawe saith: in the mouth of two or three witnesses things must stand.

Doctour Capon. Did not I examine thee of thy fayth whē thou camest hether?

White. No my Lord, you did not examine me, but cōmaūded me to the Lollardes Tower, and that no man should speake with me. And now I do require mine accuser.

Then the Register said: MarginaliaThe Mayor of Marlborough persecutor.the Maior of Marlborow did apprehend you for wordes that you spake there, & for that I commaunded you to be conueyed hither to prison.

White. You had the examination of me in Marlborow. Say you what I haue sayd. And I will aunswere you.

Geffray. Thou shalt confesse thy fayth ere thou depart and therfore say thy minde freely, and be not ashamed so to do.

White. I am not ashamed of the Gospell of Christ, because it is the power of God to saluation vnto all that beleue, & S. Peter sayth: If any man do aske thee a reasō of the hope that is in thee, make him a direct aunswere, and that with meekenes.

Who shall haue the examination of me?

Chaunc. My Lord of Glocester shall haue the examinatiō of thee.

White. My Lorde, will you take the paynes to wet your coate in my bloud? be not guilty thereof: I warne you before hand.

Brookes. I will do nothing to the contrary to our law.

White. My Lorde, what is it that you doe request at my handes?

Brookes I will appose thee vpon certayne articles, & principally vpon the sacramēt of þe aultar? How doest thou beleue of the blessed MarginaliaThe Sacrament of the Aultar.Sacrament of the aulter? Beleuest thou not the reall, carnall, and corporall presence of Christ in the same, euen the very same Christ that was borne of the virgine Mary, that was hanged on the Crosse, and that suffered for our sinnes? (and at these words they al put of their cappes and bowed theyr bodyes.)

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White. My Lord what is a Sacrament.

Brookes. It is the thing it selfe the which it representeth.

White. My Lord that can not be, for he that representeth a Prince can not be the Prince himselfe.

Brookes. How many sacraments findest thou in the scriptures called by the name of Sacramentes?

White. I finde 2. Sacraments in the Scriptures, but not called by the names of the sacramentes. But I thinke S. Augustine gaue them the first name of Sacramentes.

MarginaliaThe name of Sacramentes not found in the Scriptures.Brookes. Then thou findest not that word sacramēt in the Scriptures.

White. No my Lord.

Brokes. Did not Christ say: This is my body? and are not his words true?

White. I am sure the wordes are true, but you play by me as the deuill did by Christ, for he sayd, MarginaliaHow the Papistes play with Scriptures, as the deuill did when he tempted Christ.If thou be. Mat. 4. For it is. &c. Psal. 91. But the words that folowed after he clean left out, which are these: Thou shalt walke vpon the Lion and Aspe. &c. These woordes the Deuill lefte out because they were spoken agaynst hymselfe: and euen so doe you recite the Scriptures.

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Brokes. Declare thy fayth vpon the Sacrament.

MarginaliaWhites opinion of the Sacramēt.White. Christ and his Sacramentes are like, because of the natures, for in Christ are 2. natures, a diuine and a humane nature: so likewise in the Sacrament of Cristes body and bloud, there be two natures: the which I deuide into 2. partes, that is, externall and internal. The external part is the element of bread and wine, according to the saying of S. Austine. MarginaliaDouble receiuing of the Sacrament, externall and internall.The internal part is the inuisible grace which by the same is represented. So is there an externall receiuing of the same Sacrament, & an internall. The externall is with the hande, the eye, the mouth, and the eare. The internall is the holy ghost in the hart, which worketh in me fayth. Wherby I apprehend all the merits of Christ, applying the same wholly vnto my saluation. If this bee truth beleue it, and if it be not, reproue it.

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Doct. Hoskins. This is Oecolampadius doctrine, & Hooper taught it to the people.

Brokes. Doest thou not beleue that after the wordes of cōsecration there is the naturall presence of Christes body?

White. My Lord, I will aunswere you, if you wyll aunswere me to one question. Is not this article of our beliefe true: He sitteth at the right hand of God the father almighty? if he be come from thence to iudgement, say so.

Brokes. No. But if thou wilt beleue the Scriptures, I will proue to thee MarginaliaA Popishe Paradoxe Christes body both in heauen and in earth at one tyme.that Christe was both in heauen and in earth at one time.

White. As he is God, he is in all places: but as for hys manhood, he is but in one place.

Brokes. S. Paule sayth. 1. Cor. 15. Last of all he was seene of me. &c. Here S. Paule sayth he sawe Christ, and S. Paule was not in heauen.

White. S. Pauls chief purpose was by this place to proue the resurrection. MarginaliaHow S. Paule saw Christ. Supra Psal. 54.But how do you proue that Christ when he appered to S. Paule, was not still in heauen: like as he was sene of Stephen, sitting at the right hand of God? S. Augustine sayth the head that was in heauen dyd crye for the body and members which were on the earth & said Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? And was not Paule taken vp into the thyrd heauen where hee might see Christ? as he witnesseth. Cor. 15.  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 508, fn 3

2 Cor. ii.

For there he doth but onely saye that he saw Christ, but concerning the place, hee speaketh nothing. Wherfore this place of scripture proueth not that Christ was both in heauen and earth at one tyme.

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MarginaliaB. Brookes leaueth the Scripture & proueth the Sacrament by other matter.Brokes. I told you before he woulde not beleeue. Here be three opinions, the Lutherans, the Oecolampadians, and we the Catholickes. If you the Oecolampadians haue the truth: then the Lutherians & we the catholickes be out of the way. If the Lutherians haue the truth, then you the Oecolampadians and we the Catholickes be out of the way. But if we the catholicks haue the truth, as we

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haue
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