Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt References
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Francis Pernsell

Minister. Of Wesel.

Katherine Brandon fled to the Continent, to a town in the duke of Cleves' dominion, where Francis Pernsell (Francis de Rivers) was minister. 1570, p. 2285, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

[Alias Francis de Rivers]

 
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Gosling

Merchant. Of London.

Gosling, a merchant of London, learned of Katherine Brandon's departure, and was a friend of Cranwell's. He housed her as Mrs White and her daughter as his own daughter. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

 
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Robert Cranwell

Gentleman.

Robert Cranwell, an elderly gentleman, traveled with Katherine Brandon and her daughter and others of her household when they went overseas. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

 
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Dover
Douer
NGR: TR 320 414

One of the Cinq Ports, a borough and a market town, having separate jurisdiction; locally in the Lathe of St Augustine, eastern division of the County of Kent. 16 miles south east by south from Canterbury. Dover formerly consisted of the parishes of St James the Apostle, St John, St Martin the Greater, St Martin the Less, St Mary the Virgin, St Nicholas and St Peter - all subsequently merged into St James and St Mary. The living of St Mary is a perpetual curacy in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and in the patronage of the parishioners. The living of St James is a discharged rectory in the jurisdiction and patronage of the Archbishop

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Leigh [Leigh-on-Sea°]
NGR: TQ 844 865

A parish in the hundred of Rochford, county of Essex. 17.5 miles south-east by south from Chelmsford. The living is a rectory in the Archdeaconry of Essex and Diocese of London.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2103 [2079]

Queene Mary. Dyuers preserued by Gods prouidence. The trouble of the Ducheße of Suffolke.

MarginaliaAnno 1558.lambes now safe enough, which sayd to me whē I vailed my bonnet to her out of my chamber window in the tower, that it was mery with the lambes, MarginaliaIt is mery with Lambes, when wolues be tyed vp.now the Wolfe was shut vp? Another time my Lord her husband hauing inuited me and diuers Ladies to dinner, desired euery Lady to choose him whom she loued best, and so place themselues: My Ladye your wife taking me by the hande, for that my Lord would not haue her to take himselfe, sayd that for so much as she could not sit downe with my Lord whom she loued best, she had chosen me whom she loued worst.

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Of the deuise of the Dogge, quoth M. Berty, she was neither the author nor the allower. The wordes, though in that season they sounded bitter to your Lordship, yet if it should please you without offence to know the cause, I am sure the one will purge the other. MarginaliaPurgation of the lady Duchesse for not comming to Masse.As touching setting vp of Masse, which she learned not onely by strong perswasions of diuers excellent learned men, but by vniuersall consent and order whole vj. yeares past, inwardly to abhorre (if she should outwardly allowe, she should both to Christ shew her selfe a false Christian, and to her prince a masquing subiect. You know my Lord, one by iudgemēt reformed, is more worth then a thousand transformed tēporizers. To force a confession of Religion by mouth, cōtrary to that in the hart, worketh damnation where saluation is pretended.

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Yea mary (quoth the Bishop) that deliberation would do well if she neuer required to come from an old Religion to a new. But now she is to returne from a newe to an auncient Religion: Wherin when she made me her gossip, she was as earnest as any.

For that, my Lord (sayd M. Berty) not long sithen, she aunswered a frend of hers vsing your Lordships speach, MarginaliaReligion goeth not by age, but by truth.that Religion went not by age but by truth: and therefore she was to be turned by persuasion, and not by commaundement.

I pray you (quoth the Bishop) thinke you it possible to persuade her?

Yea verely (sayd M. Berty) with the truth: for she is reasonable enongh.

The bishop thereunto replying, sayd: it will be a maruellous griefe to the Prince of Spayne, and to all the nobility that shall come with him, when they shall finde but two noble personages of the spanish race within this lād, the Queene, and my Lady your wife, and one of thē gone from the fayth.

M. Berty aunswered, that he trusted they should find no fruites of infidelity in her.

So the Bishop perswading M. Berty to trauell earnestly for the reformation of her opinion, and offring large frendship, MarginaliaM. Bertye released from his band of appearing.released him of his bande from further appearaunce.

The Duchesse and her husband, dayly more and more, by their frendes vnderstanding that the Bishop meant to call her to accoūt of her fayth, whereby extremity might followe, MarginaliaWayes practised how to conuey the Duchesse ouer the Seas with the Queenes licence.deuised wayes how by the Queenes licence they might passe the Seas. M. Berty had a ready meane: for there rested great summes of mony due to the old Duke of Suffolke (one of whose executers the Duches was) beyond the Seas, the Emperour himselfe being one of those debters. MarginaliaM. Bertye deuiseth cause to passe ouer into Flaunders.M. Berty communicated this his purposed sute for licence to passe the Seas, and the cause, to the Bishop- adding, that he tooke this time most meet to deale with the Emperour, by reason of likelyhoode of Mariage betwene the Queene and his sonne.

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I like your deuise well (quoth the bishop) but I think it better, that you tary the Princes comming, and I will procure you his letters also to his father.

Nay (quoth M. Berty) vnder your Lordships correction and pardon of so liberall speache, I suppose the tyme will then be lesse conuenient: for when the Mariage is cōsūmate, the Emperour hath his desire: but till then he will refuse nothing to win credit with vs.

By S. Mary (quoth the Bishoppe, smiling) you gesse shrewdly. Well, proceed in your sute to the Queene, and it shall not lacke my helping hand.

MarginaliaM Bertye licensed by the Queene to passe the Seas.M. Berty found so good success, that he in fewe dayes obteined the Queenes licence, not onely to passe the seas, but to passe and repasse then so oftē as to him semed good, till he had finished all his busines and causes beyonde the seas. MarginaliaPreparation made how to conuey the Duchesse ouer the Seas.So he passed the seas at Douer about the beginning of Iune in the first yeare of her reign, leauing the Duchesse behinde, who by agreement and consent beewixt her & her husband, folowed, taking Barge at Lyon Key, very early in the morning, on the first day of Ianuary next ensuyng, not without some perill.

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There was none of those that wēt with her, made priuy to her going till the instant, but an old Gentleman called M. Robert Cranwell, MarginaliaM. Cranwell a trusty friend to Mayster Bertye. whom M. Berty had specially

prouided for that purpose. She tooke with her her daughter an infant of one yeare, & the meanest of her seruauntes, for she doubted the best would not aduenture that fortune with her. They were in nūber 4. men, one a Greek borne, which was a rider of horses, an other a Ioyner, the thyrde a Brewer, the fourth a foole one of the kitchen, one gentlewoman, and a Laundresse.

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MarginaliaThe Duchesse with her company departeth the realme.As she departed her house called the Barbican, betwixt 4. and 5. of the clocke in the morning, with her company & baggage, one Atkinson a Herauld, keper of her house: hearing noyse about the house, rose and came out with a torch in his hand as she was yet issuing out of the gate: MarginaliaThe maner of the Duchesse flying out of her house.wherewith being amased, shee was forced to leaue a male  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 572, fn 1

"Mail," a kind of portmanteau. - ED.

wyth necessaryes for her young daughter, and a milke pot wyth milke in the same gatehouse, commaūding all her seruantes to speed them away before to Lyon Key, and takyng with her onely the two womē and her child, so soone as she was forth of her owne house, perceiuing the Herauld to folow, she stept in at Garter house hard by. The Herauld comming out of the Duchesse house, and seeing no bodye stirring, not assured (though by the male suspecting) that she was departed, returned in: and while he stayed ransacking parcelles left in the male, the Duchesse issued into the street, and proceeded in her iourney,he knowing the place only by name where she should take her boate, but not the way thither, nor none with her. Likewise her seruauntes hauing diuided themselues, none but one knewe the way to the sayd key.

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So she apparelled like a meane Marchantes wife and the rest like meane seruantes, walking in the streetes vnknowne, she tooke the way that led to Finesbury field and the others walked the city streetes as they lay open before them, till by chaunce more then discretion, they met all sodeinly together a litle within Mooregate, frō whence they passed directly to Lyon keye, MarginaliaThe Duchesse with her company taketh Barge.& there tooke barge in a morning so misty, that the stearesman was loth to launch out, but that they urged him. So soone as the day permitted, the Councell was informed of her departure, MarginaliaPursute after the Duchesse.and some of thē came forthwith to her house to enquire of the maner thereof, and tooke an inuentory of her goodes, besides further order deuised for search and watch to apprehend and staye her.

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MarginaliaThe Duchesse retayned in M. Goslings house by Leigh, vnder the name of his daughter.The fame of her departure reached to Leigh, a towne at the lands end,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 572, fn 2

"The land's end." i. e. the Essex shore. - ED.

before her approching thither. By Leigh dwelt one Gosling a marchant of Londō, an old acquaintaunce of Cranwels, whither the sayd Cranwell brought the Duchesse, naming her Mistres White, the daughter of Mayster Gosling, for such a daughter he had which neuer was in that coūtry. There she reposed her, and made new garmentes for her daughter, hauing lost her owne in the male at Barbican.

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MarginaliaThe hard aduenture of the Duchesse vpon the Seas.When the time came that she shoulde take ship, being constrayned that night to lye at an Inne in Leigh (where she was agayne almost bewrayed) yet notwithstanding, by Gods good working she escaping that hassard, at lēgth, as the tyde and wind did serue, they went aboord, & being caryed twise into the seas, almost into the coast of Zeland, by contrary wind they were driuē to the place from whēce they came, and at the last recuile, certayne parsons came to the shore, suspecting shee was within that shippe: yet hauing examined one of her company that was a land for fresh Achates,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 572, fn 3

"Achates," provision. - ED.

and finding by the simplicitye of his tale, onely the appearaunce of a meane Marchauntes wife to be a shipboord, he ceased any further search.

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MarginaliaThe Duchesse landed in Brabant.To bee shorte, so soone as the Duchesse had landed in Brabant, she and her womē were apparelled like the women of Netherlande with hukes,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 572, line 6 from the bottom

"Huke," or "Huick," was "a kind of mantle or cloak worn in Spain and the Low Countries." (Nares.) "There was also a female attire, called Hewke, Belg. huycke, which covered the shoulders and head. In the Acta Sanctorum, Jun. vol. iv. 632, a female is described as clothed in habitu seculari, cum peplo Brabantico nigro, Huckam vulgo vocant. Palsgrave gives 'hewke, a garment for a woman, surquayne, froc; huke surquanie;' and Minsheu explains huyke, huike, or huke, to be a mantle, such as women use in Spain, Germany, and the Low Countries, when they go abroad." Mr Albert Way's note on Promptorium Parvulorum, edit. 1843, p. 233; where more.

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and so she and her husband tooke theyr iourney towardēs Cleueland, MarginaliaM. Bertye with the Duchesse his wyfe ariued at Santon.and being ariued at a towne therin called Santon, took a house there vntill they might further deuise of some sure place where to settle themselues.

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About fiue miles from Santon, is a free towne called MarginaliaThe free towne of Wesell in Cleueland.Wesell, vnder the sayd Duke of Cleues dominion, and one of the Haūs townes, priuiledged with the company of the Steelyard in London, whether diues Wallons were fled for religion, and had for theyr Minister one Frances Perusell, then called Frances de Riuers, who had receiued some curtesy in England at the Duchesse handes. Maister Berty being yet at Santon, MarginaliaA protection procured for the Duchesse, of the Magistrates of Wesell.practised with him to obteine a protection from the Magistrates for his abode & his wiues at Wesell: whiche was the sooner procured because the state of the Duchesse was not discouered but onely to the chiefe Magistrate, earnestly bent to shewe them pleasure, whiles this protection was in seeking.

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In the meane while, at the Towne of Santon was a muttering that the Duchesse & her husbande were greater personages then they gaue themselues forth, and the Magistrates not very well inclined to religion, the Bishop of

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